- Body length with tail: males 70–90 cm, females 55–70 cm.
- Weight: males 1.3–2 kg, females 1–1.4 kg.
- Tail length: males 45-60 cm, females 20-25 cm.
The wings are short, oval. Spurs on his feet. The tail is long, wedge-shaped. Consists of 18 feathers, tapering towards the end. Sexual dimorphism is pronounced: male pheasant is much larger in size and brighter in color than females.
It is interesting! One of the features of the appearance of the male pheasant is the area around the eyes and cheeks without plumage. During tokovanie these areas become bright red.
The color of the male - pheasant is a work of art. In general, the overall tone is golden red or with a purple sheen. The wings are light brown. Head of emerald-metallic color. The front of the neck and chest are purple, with a metallic sheen. On the nape there are long golden feathers, fringed with green at the top. The area behind the neck is thick blue or with a purple tint. The foreground color has a scaly pattern of dark spots. Almost all feathers of the upper body have a red border. The bottom is lighter. The belly is usually dark brown in color. Beak and legs are yellow.
Numerous subspecies of the common pheasant have a number of features in color. For example, a Georgian pheasant has a brown spot on its belly, framed by shiny feathers. The color of the Japanese pheasant is predominantly brilliant green. Copper-red shades prevail in the color of Khiva’s pheasant.
Females are not distinguished by colorful plumage. Thus, nature protects, makes them invisible to predators, giving the opportunity to bear and feed the offspring. The color of the females is usually variegated, but in the range of sandy-brown shades. On the body is a pattern of black-brown scales. On the head and neck area are closely spaced stripes, because of which these parts look darker. There is a very faint violet glow. On the upper part of the chest and at the bottom of the neck there are brown spots of a semicircular shape. Legs and beak gray.
Character and way of life
The owner of such colorful feathers in life has to constantly hide, so as not to become prey for a predator. Pheasant is extremely shy and cautious. Prefers to hide in the bushes or is in the high thick grass. As far as possible, climb trees and rest among the foliage. Before going down to the ground for a long time looking around. Then suddenly and rapidly falls down, abruptly changes the angle and goes on a horizontal path, planning in the air.
It is interesting! Among all the representatives of the family of galliformes, the pheasant is the champion in running speed. The posture that he takes when running is also interesting: he pulls his neck and head forward while raising his tail. So, instinctively laid mechanism, helps to significantly improve the aerodynamics of running.
With the exception of the breeding season, the coming spring pheasants are kept by the same-sex group. Groups of males are more numerous than groups of females. Exits commit to finding food in the morning and evening. With the arrival of spring, the behavior changes. Pheasants are kept in small groups of families. For life choose an area near the reservoir, rich in vegetation and food. Settled in the forests, undergrowths.
Thickets of thorny shrubs that protect these birds from predators are very fond of. A large predator only in extreme cases will climb through the thorny bushes. Tugai thickets and impassable reed sections of river valleys complain. Nests are built on the ground, not far from water bodies. In normal time, the pheasant gives voice only in flight. The sound is sharp, strong, jerky. During the overcurrent period, it issues special voice signals.
The pheasant is widespread quite widely: from the Pyrenees peninsula to the Japanese islands. It lives in the Caucasus, in Turkmenistan, in the Far East, in North America and in Europe. Able to live wherever in winter the height of the snow cover does not exceed 20 cm. In the mountains, he feels comfortable at an altitude of up to 2,600 meters with sea level.
Common Pheasant Diet
The diet of pheasant consists of plant foods: seeds, berries, shoots, fruits. More than 100 plant species are consumed. Pheasants also do not refuse animal food: worms, snails, insects, spiders, small snakes and rodents. However, more pheasants prefer plant foods. Up to a month, newborn pheasants feed only on food of animal origin, and growing up mainly transfers to the vegetable diet.
For good digestion, pheasants need a gastrolite: pebbles. Food is mined on the ground, raking the ground with strong paws and a sharp beak. From bushes collect food bouncing. During the period when food becomes less, can find the remains of fruits on trees.
Reproduction and offspring
With the arrival of spring, the mating season begins for pheasants. If earlier males and females lived apart, now the situation changes radically. Males are separated from the pack and leave. Having chosen or won a territory of about 400-500 meters, they actively begin to defend it.
To do this, constantly patrol the area, on the one hand showing the other males that the territory is occupied, on the other hand actively inviting females to themselves. Females, unlike males, do not walk alone, they are kept in groups of 3-4 individuals. From this group the pheasant carefully chooses a partner.
It is interesting! Under natural conditions, pheasants are monogamous, but in captivity they show polygamy.
Males actively fight with their brethren, defending an area of 400-500 meters and constantly patrolling, protecting them from invasion and inviting females to themselves. Females come in small groups of 3-4 individuals. The male chooses a female and makes a pair with her.
A mating dance or toking of a pheasant begins with the fact that the pheasant rises and begins to beat its wings intensively so that they do not touch the ground.. In this case, the tail opens, rises to 45-50 degrees. Male pecks, loosens the soil, picks up the grain and throws them, thereby inviting the female. The sounds that the pheasant makes during tokens are interesting. There is a loud mating cry, which consists of two syllables "kx-kx". It is a sharp, short, slightly burly and intense sound. After it, the pheasant usually flaps its wings actively and vibrates with its voice. And there is the second voice of the pheasant, at the time of excitement and close proximity to the female, he publishes a soft, deaf “gu-gu-gu.”
Before mating, non-feathered areas of the body red in the male. After coitus, the male opens its tail and wings toward the female and strongly bends its head down so that it almost touches the ground. Then he slowly goes around his partner and makes a hissing sound. In the case of successful courtship, the female pheasant makes a nest. She does it on her own, the male does not take part in building the nest and raising the chicks. The depth of the nest is from 2 to 12 cm, 12-30 cm in diameter. It is usually built on the ground, while they are well hidden in the grass or in thorny bushes.
The female lays eggs of brown color approximately in the middle of March - the beginning of April. She does it once a day. In total, it turns out from 8 to 12 eggs. Next, the female incubates the eggs for 22-25 days. During this period, it practically does not rise from the clutch, actively drives away small predators and protects future pheasants. The female leaves only in cases where the forces leave her. For a while she rises from the nest to eat. As a result, the weight of the female is reduced by almost half. In rare cases, the male is nearby and brings food.
It is interesting! Pheasant broods occur even in the fall, despite the fact that the female usually produces one egg laying per season. This happens if the first clutch dies in the paws of the predator and there is nothing left for the female, like trying to postpone the repeated clutch.
Hatching pheasants for a couple of hours remain in the nest, and then cheerfully follow the mother in search of food. They need protection for about 80 days, but after 12-15 days they are fully capable of flying. The female teaches chicks to get food and at first the diet of babies is animal food, rich in protein. Puberty in young pheasants begins with 220 days of life, and this means that they have formed into an independent adult.
From the 250th day many pheasants actively begin reproduction.. As a rule, males do this, since females form in females only by the next spring. In captivity, females unite and care for the whole brood. In such conditions, up to 50 chicks are safely raised. The male also does not care about the offspring. Sometimes the males, despite monogamy, plant in their family two or three females and they bring progeny every year.
The natural enemies of ordinary pheasants are jackals, foxes, pumas, lynxes, wild dogs, and also some species of birds of prey, such as owls, hawks.
Important! In natural conditions in the first year of life, almost 80% of individuals die.
In modern conditions, the greatest threat to pheasants is man. The valuable, nourishing meat of these birds is the cause of the hunt for them. Man often uses hunting dogs to catch pheasants, which are very easy and fast for these birds. Having found a pheasant, the dog pushes it onto a tree and at the moment when the bird takes off, the hunter makes a shot.
Tasty and nutritious pheasant meat has long been valued by people. 100 grams contains 254 kcal. Pheasant meat has a beneficial effect on the body, increases its resistance to various diseases, strengthens the immune system. Pheasants began to be raised from about the 19th century. Used for hunting, food, and atkzhe to decorate the yard. The decorative functions were usually performed by a golden pheasant.
In the 20th century, breeding of pheasants in private lands became a familiar thing.. Domestic pheasants brought considerable profits to the owners. There is a separate branch-phezanovodstvo. The bird is bred in hunting farms, regularly increasing the number of individuals by the fall - the season of active hunting. A special hunting species appears - a mixture of Chinese, Semirechensk and Caucasian species. It also becomes available to purchase chicks in a private household, for food and decoration of the yard.
Population and species status
The livestock of pheasants is quickly restored despite their active use in hunting. Among natural causes, climatic conditions and predators affect the numbers. In the first case, a decline in numbers occurs after snowy, cold winters. If the snow level becomes more than 20 cm and lasts a long time. In general, the number of pheasant reaches 300 million heads. The International Union for Conservation of Nature considers pheasant to be the “least worrisome” species.
Where to looking for?
The length of the bird's body can reach 90 cm, where more than half is the tail, in which such saturated colors as green, golden, yellow are present. Therefore, it is difficult not to notice. You need to be prepared for the fact that the pheasant can move very quickly on the ground, some may even make a flight, but this is difficult for them.
Birds make their nests mainly in dense and difficult thickets of shrubs, so you need to look for it there. And also a beacon for the search is some kind of reservoir, near which they like to settle down. It is also important time for hunting. It is better to get out the morning and evening days when the birds are in their shelter. In this case, the female is almost always in the nest, hatching eggs, and only sometimes chosen to get food. The male can be located not far from the nest, protecting his family, and far beyond its borders.
Pheasant hunting is a neat job and requires patience. Sometimes, in order to track down the location of the nest, it is necessary to spend a long time in surveillance. Catching the bird with your own hands is very difficult, therefore, resourceful hunters have come up with many ways to do this with the help of pheasant traps.
There are various types of traps. The most common are:
- With the help of a bow.
- With a loop.
- With a hook.
- Traps out of the cage.
- Trap from the network.
To choose a method, you first need to decide what is the purpose of the hunt: Try to enjoy delicious meat, or keep it on the farm. This is important, since it will depend on the chosen method whether the bird is alive or not. When this is decided, it is necessary to disassemble each of the methods in detail.
If you need to catch a pheasant for the farm, sleeping pills is the best method, since it is not traumatic for the bird. In order to lull prey, it is necessary to scatter the food in the habitat of pheasants and mix it with a sleeping pill. The main goal of the hunter is to find the bird as soon as possible, because the effect of the medicine is short.
Hunting with a bow not successful in catching pheasants. Since in any case it hurts the prey. But it is believed that the use of plastic arrows does not hurt the bird, but only stuns it and disorients it in space. This will allow the hunter to effortlessly catch the prey.
One of the most popular ways to hunt - this is setting the loop. First, it is necessary to thoroughly investigate the behavior of a pheasant and find out where it lives daily in order to determine where the trap can best be fixed.
The loop is made of durable wire so that the pheasant cannot escape. The length of the wire should ideally be one and a half meters. At one end, they make a ring with a diameter of 8 cm, threading the other end into it, then fix it on a tree.
Another way - catch the pheasant on the hook. But if the bird is needed healthy and alive, then it is better to refuse this method. We need an ordinary hook with a pheasant lure fixed on it. This may be a piece of any fruit, grain or raisins. After that, wait until the victim bites on the trap.
Safe way - catch pheasant in a cage. To begin with, it is necessary to build it, usually a wooden frame is used and they are covered with a metal grid. The height should reach about 50 cm. The door is fixed in the upper part, so that it closes more easily. But for better results, for starters, the doors are removed and the food is poured inside the cage. Birds for some time get used to the cage and calmly go there and feed. Once the pheasant has become accustomed to the cage, you can install the door. When the bird is inside, the door closes and the victim can no longer get out.
For fishing with nets you need to make this network with a height of 6 to 8 meters, and a width of not less than 300 meters. This method is used for mass fishing of pheasants. It is necessary to set a trap in dark places, and best of all in dense thickets so that it can be seen as little as possible. The nets are fixed with special poles to the ground, and at a height of about half a meter the net is twisted. Falling into the trap, the bird becomes entangled in the bag, after which it is taken out unharmed.
How to catch a pheasant?
In catching on pheasants the main thing is patience and perseverance, as this is a rather lengthy process. You can sit for several days, or even weeks, until the bird is trapped. But the production of this very trap does not take much time. The main thing is to know what you are dealing with and follow the instructions. And before you start fishing, you need to learn about the bird as much as possible:
- Where exactly the bird lives, its route.
- How often and at what time of day it is selected.
Do not forget that in the spring of hunting for pheasant is prohibited, since during this period they have breeding. Therefore, it is better to put traps on pheasant in winter. Firstly, in winter, because of the cold, there is little food, birds go to extreme measures to feed themselves and offspring, and secondly, winter doesn’t see traps due to snowfall, so birds quickly fall for them. And besides, better visible traces, and it will be easier to track down the pheasant. But in the summer they have enough energy, and the bird will be much more difficult to catch.
Description and General Information
The bird was named after the city of Phasis (now Poti), located in Georgia. The Latin name of the bird is Kolkhikus (colchicus), which is also associated with the terrain in the Caucasus - Colchis, where the city of Phasis was located, founded by the inhabitants of the Greek Miletos.
The pheasant has a long and wedge-shaped tail, consisting of 18 feathers, which taper towards the end. The plots around the eyes of an ordinary pheasant are not fledged. The body of the bird in length reaches 85 cm, weight in the range of 1.7-2 kg. Males are larger than females, besides they have bright, elegant plumage, while females are simply variegated, with brown-gray feathers.
The color of wild male pheasant can be different in different species. In nature, there are subspecies in which the head and neck are golden-green with black-violet tint. The feathers on the back are golden-orange, turning into copper-red, with a black border, and yellow-brown tail feathers.
Where does it settle and what does it eat?
In nature, pheasant loves to settle in impassable thickets of bushes, or in forests with undergrowth. Prefers to live in river valleys, on the shores of lakes. If the hunters are scared of him, he can fly up, or hide in the grass or in the bushes.
In order not to become prey for predatory animals or hunters, the bird moves across the open area by rushes at high speed. Причем и в кустах юркая птица тоже двигается достаточно быстро, и поймать его совсем не просто. Поскольку в кустах фазана достать трудно, охотники стараются подстеречь его так, чтобы он взлетел, и его можно было подстрелить.
Хотя фазан любит селиться у водоемов – плавать он не умеет, и питается только тем, что найдет на суше – ягодами, насекомыми, семенами растений, червями, мелкими грызунами. The bird loves to eat cereal plants in the fields, which causes damage to agriculture.
The mating season, or the current in pheasants, begins in spring, and the modem lasts until June or July. At the beginning of the mating season, the male walks alone, but soon the female approaches him, and the birds form a pair. The male is circling around the female and shows her the beauty of his feathers. After mating and fertilization, the females lay their eggs and in May they begin to hatch eggs in a nest set up on the ground from dry grass and small branches. Some subspecies of pheasants make closed nests of a spherical shape with an entrance on the side — such a structure well protects the female and eggs from rain and wind.
The male guards his plot, and if there is a need - he starts a fight to drive out the uninvited guest. Pheasants fight almost the same way as domestic cocks, the defeated rival runs away, the winner pursues him for some time, but then returns to his place. The current lasts 3-4 months, and may end after the female breeds.
A long mating period is necessary for birds so that in case of ruin of the first egg laying, the female can postpone the second batch and raise offspring. In the nest can be from 8 to 20 eggs. On average, the incubation period lasts three to four weeks. The care of eggs and chicks lies entirely on the female, the male does not take part in this, although it is located near the nest.
On a walk!
Hunting for a wild pheasant goes with gunmen dogs or prey hawks and falcons. Sometimes after the first snow falls, pheasants are raided with a large number of hunters. Such techniques greatly reduce the population of the bird population, because the bird has nowhere to hide from the hunters.
To restore the number of birds in the wild, in many hunting farms, pheasants are grown specifically to be released into the area, and then to hunt them.
In the spring, hunting for wild pheasant is prohibited everywhere. In some regions, the bird is under the protection of the law constantly, and where it is possible to hunt pheasant, certain time limits and methods of hunting are set.
Most often, in Russia, wild pheasant is hunted with dogs that chase the bird and force it to take to the air, where it is caught by the hunter’s bullet. Pheasant flies up vertically, or with a candle, so shooting it at this time is not difficult. Some dogs have time to bypass the pheasant, and chase him toward the hunter.
Well-trained dogs are able not only to raise the bird, but also to find and bring the shot down, as well as catch the wounded animal, which is especially important if the pheasant falls into the thickets which are difficult for people to reach.
The pheasant is resistant to the shot, even if wounded, it falls to the ground and runs at high speed to hide in the thickets, and only a dog at that time can catch it.
In summer, it is better to hunt pheasants in the morning or in the evening, because in extreme heat the bird hides so that it is impossible to notice it. Not the best time for hunting and rainy weather, when the bird is also in shelter.
In the autumn, hunting for wild pheasants is permitted in many regions, however, by this time the bird feeds so much fat that it has to be cut off from the carcass, and only then prepare the first or second courses.
To strike a pheasant right away and not leave a wounded animal, the gun must have greater sharpness. As for the caliber, depending on the age of the bird, use a fraction of 4 to 8.
Sometimes pheasants are hunted without dogs, they are shot from an ambush on a grease in the morning and in the evening, or they hide a bird sitting on a tree.
How to hunt for pheasant in the Astrakhan region, watch the video.
Hunting with devices
Another proven method for hunting wild pheasant is with a trap. So pheasant can be caught alive, which is especially important if the bird is needed for home breeding, or for a zoo and a zoo corner.
How to make traps on the pheasant find out by watching the video.
To set a trap, you first need to observe the terrain and the movement of pheasants - where they most often are and feed. Then they set a trap and wait patiently for a bird to fall into it, it is not advisable to leave the trap unattended, the bird must be removed immediately.
There are several methods of catching pheasants, one of them is pening with nets. The height of the networks for the pen is about 8 m, the width is 300 meters or more.
The trap is set in the thickets, and fastened to the poles driven into the ground. At a height of 50-60 cm, the nets are twisted. So it is better to catch pheasants in the evening or at night, when the nets are not visible - the bird is scared away, it runs and gets entangled in the nets. Now it can only be removed, put in baskets and transported home.
The wolf trap is a 50x50x50 size cage. The frame is made of wood, the walls - of the grid. The gate is firmly strengthened at the top, and put on a support. The pheasant, attracted to the cage by the lure, comes in, knocks down a support, and the gate closes, it cannot open it.
The trap is placed in places where pheasants are most often disposed. Sometimes for the first few days, the cage is placed with bait and without a gate, so that pheasants are used to it and are not afraid.
After the pheasant enters the cage, it is advisable to remove it from there immediately, without leaving it unattended, since a wolf or a fox can be coached for prey.
A loop - a trap is put on a pheasant trail, having studied their habits and a route of movement. The loop is made of soft, but strong wire 1.5 meters long. One end is twisted into a loop, the other is attached to a tree. The pheasant enters the loop, over the edges of the wire, which begins to drag on, as a result, the bird can no longer get out of it. To avoid injury, it is advisable to remove the pheasant from the loop immediately after it enters it.
A trap for slamming is a square frame with a grid. It is set above the bait at an angle and propped up with a peg. A rope is tied to a peg, the end of which should be at the hunter's side. When one or two pheasants approach the stern, the hunter pulls the rope, the peg falls, and the birds find themselves under the net.
Some hunters catch a pheasant on a hook - they hang it on a tree at a small height, attaching a mouse or other attractive food to it. On the ground next to the bait scatter a little feed, pecking it, the pheasant switches its attention to another bait and gets caught on a hook. This method of hunting injures the bird, so it is used in cases when pheasant is harvested for meat.
To catch the pheasant alive, you can put it to sleep by putting sleeping pills into the feed. The tablets are crushed, mixed with feed and laid out in the bird’s habitat. You can not give too much dose of sleeping pills, the weight of pheasants is much less than that of a person, he may not wake up.
How to find the nest
Pheasant is a rather productive bird. In their family, it is so established that one male “bypasses” several females at once. They survive the winter together, eat breaking up into flocks, and in spring break up into pairs and start to be fruitful. To do this, they need to make nests. True, the males are constantly changing them, moving from one "family" to another.
These birds are cautious, and tracking them down, and even less catching them, is incredibly difficult. The tactics of hiding these birds is this: they do not fly away, having heard the hunter somewhere nearby, but on the contrary, let him close to him, to freeze and not to give himself away, until the danger is removed. Birds make their nests also in very inconspicuous places, so in order to track them down, it is worthwhile to study the main lines of behavior in advance.
First, you need to remember that pheasants build their "houses" only on the ground and only. This is a shallow hole dug out, which they carefully cover with all sorts of twigs and plants. Sometimes pheasants "burrow" into the ground (mostly it happens in winter), creating a hump with a hole to enter. You can notice the nests due to the fact that they are zealously strewn with feathers (in summer) or in the tracks left in the snow (in winter).
There are dwellings in difficult terrain, with wide shrubs or tall grass. Females twist and hide them, then hatch eggs there (from 8 to 16, have a shade of green-white and oval shape). They follow the development of the offspring regularly, they leave extremely rarely in order to refresh themselves. The male, meanwhile, wanders somewhere near, guarding the mother and her clutch. They shout over each other - to the loud and harsh howls of the pheasant instantly, but a little quieter, the pheasant harvests.
One of the least time consuming and costly pheasant traps is hook fishing. It should be the 10th size. And it is worth, as when fishing, to string corn - a favorite food of these birds. Hang the bait on a tree not far from the nest, at a height of more than 50 cm. Under this place it is necessary to scatter corn (to lure) or sequentially hang next to a few more baits, but without a hook.
How to catch with a loop
The second most popular and simple trap is a loop. First you need to find out where the bird, the nest of which you discovered, can feed. Most likely, it will be some kind of field nearby, where cereals germinate. Go around its edges and you will notice traces - there and put a trap. Pheasant usually trodden trails does not change.
You need to prepare a long wire of steel, from which the trap comes out best. It should be moderately elastic, but more strong, because the weight of the pheasant is not small. The wire should be cut with your own hands into identical segments of one and a half meters (and so as much as you want traps).
Next, follow the instructions:
- on one side of the wire twists a ring with a diameter of 9 cm,
- we pass the second side in such a way that a loop is created,
- the loop is fixed on the tree so that, lying close to the ground, it forms a kind of passage.
Just in case, you can do a few with your own hands. However, more often it turns out that the very first trap, if it did not work, scares the pheasant from there, and if it worked, then it can no longer escape. It clings to the edges of the soft construction, which immediately lends itself and is tightened.
If you want the feathery to stay alive, you should immediately release it from there.
With a bow
The first condition - the bow for such a hunt is needed, not cumbersome, but light, compact. The second condition is that there should be no people and domestic animals within a half kilometer radius. You need to make sure that your hunt does not bring harm to others and at the same time brought you what you want - all birds are very tenacious, and not any injury will kill them or even immobilize them. You will need special arrows, the shape of which will make the shot accurate, and hook the tip to the pen without spoiling the look of your prey.
How to apply a slingshot
An exotic way to hunt, reminiscent of childish pranks. But, in fact, it can only seem simple. Unlike those cases when using a pheasant trap, this type of weapon requires a clear ability to handle it, as well as the strength to have enough charge to defeat.
Now they make professional hunting slingshots that are strong in the strike and at the same time hit far. It is perfect for pheasant hunting.
Hunting is carried out on the same path along which the bird goes for food. Cost lurking in the cover on a certain site, from which you will be the easiest to aim and get. And you will need to get into the head, which is not at all easy.
Some areas of agriculture, both global and private, suffer greatly from the raids of these birds. Therefore, recently, not only professional hunters but also ordinary residents who own seedlings are engaged in capturing them. Information on how to catch a pheasant without a weapon will be useful in different life situations.
Video "Pheasant trap from the construction grid"
This video will introduce you to another idea for catching pheasant without weapons: you can make a trap from improvised means.
Types of bird traps
Pheasant, like other types of chicken, does not like flying. He does this only in case of danger, the rest of the time with success moves on foot. The devices of all the main types of traps are based on this. The most common traps on pheasant can be divided into several groups:
Independently make a trap any of the above listed is quite simple, they do not require high technical skills or expensive materials. Pheasant fishing is laborious work, but not requiring special skills. In any case, birds are caught in the autumn-winter period and are absolutely unacceptable during the period of spring breeding.
Loops and snares
The most applicable way of hunting for chickens is to set snares. It can be used in places of dense dwelling of pheasants on the feeding grounds. Such sites are mowed corn fields, vineyards, and other farmland. Or, according to the results of a reconnaissance survey, there was a large gathering of birds in a sparse bush or forest. The technique is not complicated and consists in installing loops on the paths used by birds. For a greater likelihood of hitting a bird in the hinges, a hunter often arranges a kind of fence that prevents the pheasants from moving freely around the site. In the gate of the fence and put the snare. Silkovs can be set up somewhat abreast, if the population of birds is large. There may also be several zaborchikov on the site, with several gates. Natural obstacles (bushes, bunches of dried grass and corn stalks) are used to set up obstacles or simply stick into the ground in the form of a paling.
The loops themselves are easy to make with your own hands from durable but soft steel wire. One end is twisted into a loop of diameters of 1-2 cm, it is this size that ensures the free movement of the loop, the free end is passed into it and a snare is formed. The size of the trap loop is 10-15 cm, according to the advice of experienced hunters, so that the fist of a person can pass freely. The height of the bottom edge of the soil is also slightly larger than the width of the palm. Such an installation ensures the capture of the bird by the neck. The snare is installed in an upright position; it is not necessary to be afraid that the bird will jump or fly. The dead end is attached to any fixed object. It is a trunk of a tree, a bush in a light forest, a reliable peg is driven into a field. Even a small bird can carry a loop if it is loose.. For the best attraction of birds, sprinkle a little top dressing - grains of corn, raisins, bread crumbs. This method of fishing does not provide for keeping the pheasant alive.
How to catch a pheasant in a more gentle way came up with the peasants who bred these birds in captivity. The loop on the frame is one such way. Frame - forked peg, tightly stuck in the ground. In this case, the loop is located on the ground, when triggered, it must catch the pheasant by the leg. Such loops are made of fishing line of large diameter, or the same wire. At a distance of 0.5 - 0.7 m from the finished loop, a short gate is tied. The dead end is tied to a small tree, which is spring-bending and a small gatehouse clings to the frame, the second end of the gatehouse in the frame is reinforced with a needle with a bait.
Another method of installing the loop on the pheasant, which catches sparingly - on the board. The loop is also alarming with the help of a spring-loaded tree, the role of the nastorozhka is performed by the dostochka installed at the ready. The upper end of the gate holds the gate to which the loop is attached. The loop is laid on the bed, the bait is piled on top. The pheasant enters the loop, with its weight outweighs the end of the pad down, the hatch jumps out and the loop picks up the bird by the legs or the carcass.
The installation of multimeter networks for game birds is a thing of the past. First, the density of game does not allow to bear such high costs, and secondly, it is illegal, if only it is not carried out for scientific purposes. Catching such nets is completely identical to the fish. Gone are the past-nets of thin fishing line or horsehair. They were laid on the ground, in some places they rose a little, crumbled, the pheasants ran around such nets in search of food and tangled their paws.
At this time, there are two types of networks that are installed by the hip method. The first method is very ancient, designed for the presence of a person in the ambush that manages the network. The installation principle is simple. A stake is tightly hammered into the soil, a net is being pulled over, a bird treat is crumbling under it, the edges of the net are slightly raised on pegs from the ground so that the prey can pass under them. The upper part of the net is mounted on a stake freely using a guard, connected by a cord to the shelter of a hunter. When there is a pheasant under the tent, the hunter pulls out the guards, the net falls and covers the prey. You can, of course, use any nastorozhki for self-slamming the trap, but not rational.
The second common method involves a technically more complex structure, but also a more catchy one. Such a tent is very similar to a quickly combined tourist tent. Making it yourself on the frame of such a tent and a piece of any network is easy. The hip network has sleeves for bird entry, the entrances are located above the surface at a height of 7-10 cm and are equipped with rigid rings. Thus, access inside pheasants is free. Свободный конец рукава не имеет каркаса, поэтому фазаны не могут найти выход назад. Объяснять, как ловить в такую сеть, излишне. Шатёр устанавливается в местах кормления птицы, внутрь засыпается лакомая подкормка, проверяется сеть два раза в сутки, чтоб птица осталась нетронутой хищниками, живой и здоровой.
Рамки с натянутой сетью и колышек с верёвочкой до ближнего укрытия, где сидит охотник, мы подробно не рассматриваем ввиду простоты использования. Such a method takes place, but it requires a high perseverance and caution from the catcher, as well as the next one presented.
Similar to fishing, not particularly humane, the way of catching pheasant is hooked. The large fishing hook is supplied with a strong long fishing line, the hunter is in the shelter. A bait is strung on a hook (corn, raisins, large beetles), when a peck is baited, the pheasant catches a bait, all that remains is to carefully release the bird without damaging the beak. This method is used not only for pheasant, but it is here that it is especially effective, due to the low intellectual abilities of the bird.
Catching a pheasant with a cage-trap is another great way to get a live and healthy bird, not even psychologically injured. Making your own such a trap will require some tinsmith skills, although you can purchase almost ready-made live traps. The height of the cage should be about 50 cm, it is better to make the walls from a soldered net, in such birds the bird is not injured better. But it is possible to manufacture a wooden frame and obtyagivanie it with any grid. The principle of such a trap is the principle of a mousetrap.. The trap is performed with a falling door. The best design is that the top of the door is hinged to the ceiling, since the sliding door on the skids can get dirty and malfunction. Unlike a mousetrap, the door must be raised inside to the ceiling, not outside. Such a device facilitates the device nastorozhki and you can do without any locking device - the door just rests against the frame. The nastorozhka itself can be different, from the classic bait on the needle, to a small plate on the floor or Simka strings. In any case, the door is supported by a rod that falls out of the actions of the pheasant.
Other bird drowns
In traditional bird hunts in Russia, "slobs" were often used. It is a type of crushing samol like a bear's mouth or a plate on a squirrel. The principle is completely identical, but making is simpler in any way. For a pheasant, just one log with a diameter of about 16 cm is enough, and any grain or berry can serve as bait. A feeding bird simply knocks over the table and is crushed. A slope is installed on the ground in places of feeding birds. The only drawback is the need for a quick check, as any predatory beast likes to feast on the game, and it’s not quite cost-effective to build closed huts for pheasant.