Insects

Bumblebees Nest: Where Bumblebees Live

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Bumblebee called arthropod insect. It received its name because of the sound made during the flight. These insects are brightly colored, large, beautiful. They are able to carry a lot of pollen. About what are the bumblebees in nature, described in the article.

The body of the insect is thick, heavy. Their wings are small, transparent. The wings make about 400 strokes per second. In the female, the head is elongated, broadly rounded at the nape, and in the male it is triangular and rounded. Insect bites, floating jaws for protection.

The bumblebee has a proboscis with which it collects nectar. All species can have different lengths, for example, a small earthen bumblebee has a body of 7-10 mm, and a garden one - 18-19 mm. Insects have 6 legs. The hairs that cover the body are usually black, white, yellow, orange, reddish, or gray.

Where does the bumblebee live? These insects collect pollen and nectar from plants. It turns out that they are polytrophic. For feeding the larvae bumblebees use fresh nectar and honey, which they produce on their own. The second product is more liquid than bee, as well as light and light. It contains more than 20% water.

Accommodation

Where do bumblebees live? They live on all continents, with the exception of Antarctica. In the Northern Hemisphere there are more of them in temperate latitudes, and the habitat goes beyond the Arctic Circle.

Bumblebees are considered the most cold-resistant bees. They can not survive in the hot tropics. Body temperature can be up to 40 degrees, which is associated with rapid contraction of the chest muscles. Because of this, there is a loud hum. So the bumblebee gets warm. With the cessation of movement, it cools down.

Nest location

Where do bumblebees live? Nests may be underground. Insects settle in the holes of rodents and molehills. In the rodent burrows there is a material capable of insulating a bumblebee nest - wool, dry grass. Nests can be on the ground. Where do bumblebees live if their homes are on the surface? Some species inhabit the grass, mossy hummocks, bird nests.

Where do bumblebees live? Some nests are located above ground. It may be hollow trees, birdhouses, buildings. The shape of the nest are different, depending on the cavity used by the bumblebee. Ground dwelling is usually insulated with dry grass, moss, wax. They are made by bumblebees due to abdominal glands, and then they clean off the belly with thin wax strips, put them in growth, knead them and use them for modeling everything they need. The optimum temperature in the sockets - 30-35 degrees.

Bumblebees are considered social insects. Like all bees, they live in families, which include:

  1. Large reproductive uterus.
  2. Small working bumblebees.
  3. Males.

If there are no queens, working males lay eggs. The family lives 1 year - from spring to autumn. It contains fewer individuals than bees — about 100–200, but sometimes 500.

Lifespan

The life expectancy of an insect is usually 2 weeks. They die due to various reasons, including rapid wear during the collection of feed. Males can live no more than a month, they die after mating. Females begin wintering after fertilization. Then they lay eggs, feed the larvae, and then die.

Bites and consequences

This insect is considered peaceful. It is not aggressive and bites only with protection, for example, when closing the entrance to the nest. But such a bite of a bumblebee is weak and not harmful. Females sting in danger. The sting does not remain in the body, compared to the bee, so the bumblebees do not die after being bitten. But poison causes pain, itching, redness. There may be swelling. Symptoms may persist for several days.

Insect venom is similar to bee, but it has fewer components, which can cause a toxic reaction. For most healthy people, this is not dangerous. It is better not to allow the bumblebee to bite, but if this happens, first aid should be given:

  1. Treat the sore spot with antiseptic, alcohol or soapy water.
  2. Apply a cold compress.
  3. Provide abundant warm drink.
  4. Eliminate itching with an antihistamine, for example, Suprastin.

At home, the effects of the bite can be removed by folk remedies. Compresses of gruel with soda, diluted in water with an aspirin or validol tablet will help. Suit tansy or chamomile. Crushed leaves of parsley, plantain, dandelion have a therapeutic effect. Compresses need to be changed after 2 hours. An excellent effect gives shredded potatoes, onions, apples. With a strong bite in the neck, eyes, lips with the appearance of allergies, you need to consult a doctor.

Bumblebees are considered important pollinators of meadow, forest, agricultural crops. Many insect species perform cross-pollination several times faster than bees. They pollinate clover, alfalfa, and beans.

Ants are harmful to bumblebees. They can steal honey, eggs, larvae. Therefore, insects prefer to build nests above the ground, far from anthills, as well as underground. Wasps can be stolen by honey, brachycomus flies. Conopid flies are dangerous for them. Bumble-bee offspring can be destroyed by the caterpillars of the Amothy moth caterpillar.

Thus, bumblebees are unique insects that are good for nature. And they can cause harm only in self-defense.

Habitats

Where do bumblebees live? It's easier to say where they don't live. The ability to maintain the heat of its body allowed these insects to dwell far to the north. Bumblebees penetrate to Greenland, Chukotka, Novaya Zemlya and Alaska. What is the cold resistance of these insects? Their body has the ability of thermoregulation.

And at the same time, their peculiarity does not allow them to get along in the tropics. Bumblebees live in North America, in northern Eurasia, and in mountain areas. Only two bumblebee species are found in the tropics of Brazil.

Brief description of insects

Bumblebees (ground bees) belong to the Apidae family, as well as ordinary honey bees.

By its way of life and body structure, this large insect is close to bees. True, lifestyle and nests are different.

Males, unlike females, have long antennae, they are also larger than working bumblebees and have copulation mites.

Their body is large, reaching a length of 3.5 cm, rather densely covered with hairs. The color combines black, red, white and yellow stripes.

The lower, white part of the body, ends with a small, inconspicuous in the usual state, sting. The hind tibiae have spurs.

The eyes of the bumblebee are located almost on the same line.

Both the uterus and the working individuals have a collective apparatus. It consists of a brush and a basket.

Uterus in size more than males and have a sting, as well as workers (females underdeveloped).

Bumblebees are more benign insects, sting very rarely, compared to bees. Little is known about the chemical composition of bumblebee venom. It is not well understood.

Lifestyle, behavior

I wonder where the bumblebees live? Bumblebees, like other insects, are active almost all summer time, but this period is different for all species. It depends on their habitat (high or low).

A characteristic feature of bumblebees that distinguishes them from other pollinators (wasps and bees) is that they can also work in the cold (collect nectar) at temperatures up to 0 ° C. In this regard, they go further than other pollinators to the north.

Those species that live far in the north, with a short one-month summer, do not have time to create a family and live as solitary insects.

In the territories of temperate climate, the created family lives one summer. In tropical areas, some species are organized by perennial families.

Where do bumblebees live in winter? During this period, they live in underground shelters.

The fertilized uterus hibernates mostly in dug holes in the ground, and build nests in the spring.

How and where do bumblebees nest and live? These insects have an amazing rare feature. Unlike other similar insects, all bumblebee larvae develop and feed in one common chamber. In the free cells, however, the female creates stocks of honey and perga (honey test) for the period of bad weather.

Features of social life

Like bees, bumblebees are common insects. They organize large families of up to 200 individuals.

In such communities where bumblebees live, there is a surprisingly clear distribution of responsibilities for absolutely each of its members.

Under natural conditions, the female, as a rule, lays 200-400 eggs to hatch working individuals, then she begins to lay eggs, from which the females and males develop.

Many species have the so-called small queen bees (this is the average between the queen and working individuals). The latter, together with workers and small queen bees, build nests, collect honey and pollen (food) and lay unfertilized eggs, of which only males develop. And from the most recent eggs laid out by the uterus, new uterus are bred, which, in turn, are fertilized by males.

Only old queen bees remain for wintering, since old ones die, males, working individuals, and small queen bees also die. The whole community dissipates.

What happens to a bumblebee's nest? Where do bumblebees live?

Fertilized uterus, as already mentioned above, mostly hibernate in dug recesses in the ground and only in the spring, during the thaw, they begin to build their nests. This dwelling represents irregular oval cells formed from coarse reddish or brown wax. The nest is placed between the stones, in the ground under the moss, etc.

Mole or mouse holes are often used by bumblebees.

Usually, only the very first cells of the nest consist of wax, and then empty cocoons of the pupae serve as the next cells. All cells are also filled with coarse honey and flower dust.

Usually in the nests of bumblebees up to 200 individuals, at least - up to 500. However, people in artificial nests with the presence of heating were able to get families with up to 1000 individuals.

Breeding process, nutrition

For almost the entire summer period, the uterus lay their fertilized eggs. Subsequently, workers come out of them, and then small uterus. Usually in each cell where bumblebees live, several eggs are laid. Some larvae released from eggs die due to lack of food.

The full development of the larvae occurs within about 12 days. Then they spin their own cocoons, where they turn into pupae. This period lasts about 2 weeks.

Larvae gradually grow and move the cell as they grow. And the female and working individuals constantly put in order, repairing and correcting housing. After 30 days in the nest are working individuals.

Since the release of the first workers, the number of inhabitants in the nest is rapidly increasing. And food stocks are growing, left empty cells are used to store them. And this is one of the features of the life of bumblebees. They never reuse the cell twice to breed. Therefore, old nests always have a rather sloppy look. On such dilapidated cells, insects build new ones, without observing any order.

They feed on insect nectar. To do this, they collect it from the blooming flowers of various kinds.

In conclusion, some interesting things about bumblebees

• Often on hot days, the bumblebee can be seen at the entrance to the nest, fluttering its wings. In this way he vents the nest.

• “Wool” helps the bumblebee to bask - it prevents heat loss and reduces them by half.

• Bumblebee is able to reach speeds in flight of up to 18 km / h.

• Bumblebee venom, unlike bee venom, does not harm humans, as this insect does not leave a sting in human skin. But it can sting many times.

• There is a branch called bumblebee breeding - breeding bumblebees for agricultural needs (pollinating various crops in order to increase their yield).

Interesting about bumblebees - Smart site

Interesting about bumblebees

Bumblebees (Latin Bombus) is a genus of hymenoptera, which are close relatives of honeybees. About 300 species of bumblebees live in northern Eurasia, North America, North Africa, as well as in the mountains of some other regions.

Bumblebees are one of the most cold-resistant insects. They are able, quickly and often reducing the muscles of the chest, to accelerate their bodies to the required 40 ° C.

This allows them to fly out early in the morning and collect the first nectar when the air is still not warm enough, and gives bumblebees a certain competitive advantage over other insect species.

Helps the bumblebee to bask in his "wool" - it reduces heat loss by half.

In flight, 90% of all energy is converted into heat, and therefore the temperature of a flying bumblebee is constant: 36 ″ C at an ambient temperature of 5 ° C, and 45 ° C at 35 ° C in air.

At higher temperatures, the bumblebee cannot fly due to overheating. Although cooling mechanisms for bumblebees are available: a flying bumblebee releases a drop of liquid from its mouth, which evaporates and cools the head.

The bumblebee is not able to maintain a high body temperature when sitting still.

The bumblebee has a speed of 18 km / h. Bumblebees live in colonies of 50-200 individuals each. The colony consists of three types of individuals: females, workers (immature females) and males. The founder of the family is the female uterus, it is one of the few females that over-wintered fertilized in the fall. In early spring (late April-May), the uterus alone begins to make a nest.

The peculiarity of bumblebees is that, unlike other public bees, all the larvae develop and feed together in one chamber. Under normal conditions, the female, laying 200-400 eggs, giving workers, begins to lay eggs from which the females and males develop.

It has long been noted that in the bumble-bee's nests before dawn a “trumpeter” appears, which, as it was believed, raises the tribesmen with a hum to work. But it turned out that he was just shivering from the cold.

Indeed, in the predawn hours the temperature near the surface of the soil drops sharply. The nest cools down and in order to warm it, the bumblebees have to work hard with their pectoral muscles.

On hot days, you can see a bumblebee at the entrance to the nest, which flutters its wings. He is engaged in venting the nest.

Bumblebees, like bees, have poison, but, unlike bees, bumblebees do not leave a sting in human skin. A sting, respectively, can many times in a row. Some relatives of bumblebees called cuckoo bumblebees differ in a parasitic way of life, they enclose their larvae in the hives of other bumblebees, and also mimic the color of them.

There is a common misconception that the bumblebee flies contrary to the laws of aerodynamics. It probably originated at the beginning of the 20th century when trying to apply lift calculations to the bumblebee.

Physicist Zheng Jane Wang from Cornell University (USA) proved that the flight of insects does not violate physical laws. For this, it took many hours of modeling on a supercomputer of complex air movement around fast moving wings.

Wang notes that the old myth about the bumblebee is simply the result of poor understanding of aircraft unsteady viscous gas dynamics.

Due to the low aggressiveness of bumblebees, they can be widely used on garden-dacha sites. There is even an industry such as Bumblebee Breeding - the cultivation of bumblebees for pollination of crops in order to increase their productivity.

The words of the famous song “Shaggy Bumblebee” from the movie “Cruel Romance” are a very free translation of R.

Kipling The Gipsy Trail ("Gypsy Trail"), published in the December 1892 issue of The Century magazine.

By the way, once Dmitry Medvedev, not being the president of the Russian Federation, performed this song at a friend's wedding, dressed as a gypsy, for which he received the nickname “Bumblebee” in gratitude.

Bumblebees are close relatives of bees I and differ from them primarily in size and thick long hairs covering the body. The earthen bumblebee has a black color with two red bands on the chest and abdomen and a white-gray tip of the abdomen. Other bumblebees have a different pattern and color.

In Europe, there are more than 50 species of bumblebees, and around the world there are several hundred. The largest species lives in Central America, the rearing uterus reaches 2.5–3.2 cm in length, and its wingspan is 5 cm. The smallest species, a volatile bumblebee, lives in Central Europe, its queen is only 1.6 -1.8 cm, its wingspan is 3 cm.

Bumblebees are diligent collectors of pollen, while they pollinate flowers. Biologists have calculated that only one field bumblebee during a flight lasting 100 minutes is visited by 2,634 flowers. Therefore, bumblebees are very important for gardeners and field farmers.

Due to the thick hair, bumblebees are able to pollinate flowers during cold snaps, which bees cannot. Conclusion - bumblebees need every way to take care. In addition, these insects are completely harmless.

Their sting is the same as that of bees and wasps, but they bite very rarely, and their bites are not dangerous.

Like many of their relatives, bumblebees are social insects. A swarm of dark earthen bumblebee consists, for example, of 100–600 individuals, and in the south of 600–1000 individuals. Nests are often arranged in abandoned burrows of small mammals. They can be recognized by the fact that the bumblebee loaded with pollen disappears into the mouse hole.

Селятся они также в дуплах деревьев и расщелинах скал, в гнездовых ящиках для птиц и в других защищенных и сухих местах. Места для гнезд выбирает ранней весной плодущая матка. Осенью умирает все население гнезда, зимует лишь оплодотворенная матка.

И будущий рой нередко гибнет, не родившись, когда крестьяне вспахивают осенью землю или ведется обширное строительство дорог.

Биология шмелей

Home / Bumblebee / Bumblebee Family Biology

In the spring after wintering, females of bumblebees feed on plants and seek shelter for building a nest. As a rule, these are the rodent burrows. Unlike bees, which breed by swarming, the only female, as a rule, begins to build a nest of bumblebees - the founder (queen). Then working individuals are born.

The uterus builds a nest. Its walls are built from plant materials, feathers and animal hair, fastened with nectar and wax with the addition of pollen. Then the female forms a lump of a mixture of pollen with nectar, builds a wax brood chamber on it and lays up to 15 eggs. To feed the uterus during the incubation of offspring and the unfavorable weather is a honey pot of wax.

Development of offspring and the continued construction of the nest.

The duration of the development of bumblebees depends on temperature, feeding conditions and other factors. The egg phase lasts 2-5 days. A worm-shaped larva appears from the egg. Since the initial supply of food for the larvae is insufficient, the uterus brings additional portions of pollen and nectar.

The larva goes through four age stages, each of which ends in a molt. The molt of the larvae is controlled by the juvenile hormone. As the larvae grow, they stretch the walls of the brood chamber. Emerging cracks the uterus and working individuals are waxed up. Wax and produce the uterus, and working individuals.

The brood chamber grows in size and gradually disintegrates into cells containing one larva each. In favorable conditions, the development occurs quickly. After 6 - 14 days the larva stops feeding and weaves a silk cocoon. Adult bumblebees collect wax from the surface of cocoons and reuse it.

New brood chambers are built on cocoons.

Inside the cocoon, the larva turns into a pupa, in the form resembling an adult bumblebee. The duration of development of the pupae largely depends on their size and varies from 5 to 19 days. Since large pupae develop longer than small ones, the developmental period of later broods is longer.

The longest development is characteristic for queen - the largest individuals of the bumblebee colony. With age, the pupa inside the cocoon gradually darkens, starting with the eyes. Hatching adult bumblebees have bright pubescence, the color characteristic of this species is formed in a day. Empty cocoons are used to store honey.

The increase in family numbers and the social behavior of bumblebees.

The bumblebee family consists of a queen and working individuals. In the first broods the smallest working individuals are born. The workers of one brood differ greatly in size, since the larvae compete for food, and the result is a different amount of feed. With increasing family size, the average size of working individuals increases.

Working bumblebees are usually smaller than the uterus, do not mate and have undeveloped ovaries. The largest workers are about three times as large as the smallest in size and 10 times in body weight. The length of the abdomen and the weight of an adult bumblebee can vary depending on the fullness of the goiter and intestines, as well as the degree of development of the fatty body and ovaries.

Therefore, the size of adults is estimated by the width of the head or chest, the length of the wing, and other parameters that remain unchanged throughout life. The functions of the working individuals depend on the size: small ones perform intra-nesting work, larger ones - forage. The pubescence of the body of the bumblebee is gradually erased. The degree of its preservation determines the age of the individual.

The oldest workers and the uterus can be almost completely devoid of pubescence.

Nest guarding is carried out by watchmen, who by smell distinguish members of their family from other individuals of their own species. Watchmen are able to drive away the majority of enemies and parasites.

After the appearance of the first brood of working individuals, the growth in the number of the family is sharply accelerated. The nest can increase weight by a factor of 10 within 3-4 weeks. After the appearance of a significant number of workers, the uterus stops foraging and is mainly engaged in laying eggs.

In the family of the earth bumblebee, the number of workers can reach 350 copies. With the growth of the volume of nesting structures, the size of the nesting dome gradually increases. The oldest empty cocoons are located in the lower part of the nest, and the pupae and brood chambers in the upper ones.

Regulation of the microclimate in the nest.

According to the ability to heat the nest, even small families of bumblebees are a little inferior to bees. A stable temperature of + 30 ° C is maintained inside the bumblebee's nest. The heat production of the incubating brood of the individual is carried out by trembling the pectoral muscles and, accordingly, enhancing the metabolic processes. The body of the bumblebee warms up to + 31-38С.

Adult larvae and prepupae produce some heat. Air exchange and cooling of the nest is carried out by active ventilation - several bumblebees take up a position at the entrance and flapping their wings intensively. Ventilation is activated when the concentration of carbon dioxide increases or the temperature in the nest rises.


Bumblebees lack the behavior characteristic of a honeybee and notify about the location of the source of food. Each working individual independently searches for flowering plants.

During the examination of plants, foraging bumblebees leave signal marks on flowers. Foraging activity depends on the needs of the family in the feed, which is determined mainly by the number of actively feeding larvae.

Each bumblebee has its own forage area and routes, and prefers to visit certain types of plants.

Production of reproductive individuals and the disintegration of the family.

In bumblebees, males develop from unfertilized eggs, and females from fertilized ones. The uterus can control the sex of its descendants and inhibit the development of the ovaries of workers with the help of pheromones. But some workers still lay unfertilized eggs.

Older and larger intra-nesting workers usually start breeding. At the same time, both workers and the uterus eat eggs laid by other family members. In case of uterus death, many workers start laying eggs, and dozens of males are produced in the family.

The appearance of males in the first broods occurs due to a violation of the social structure of the family or the reproductive functions of the uterus.

As a rule, reproductive individuals are produced at the final stage of the existence of the bumblebee family. By this time, the number of working individuals per larva increases, which makes it possible to feed large queen bees.

Factors affecting the determination of the appearance of the worker or the uterus are the amount of feed, the frequency of feeding and the pheromone that the uterus secretes. Males of reproductive broods are produced simultaneously with the uterus or somewhat later.

The total number of individuals that are produced throughout the existence of the family of bumblebees in nature, is usually 150-200, rarely up to 700-800 individuals.

Reproductive individuals remain in the nest for several days, participate in incubation of the brood, and in the uterus and in other works. Young uterus fly out of the maternal nest only for their own nutrition and mating and usually do not collect food for the larvae.

They consume a large amount of pollen and nectar, which allows you to accumulate the essential fat reserves needed for a successful wintering. The volume of the fat body allows you to reliably distinguish young females from working-sized individuals.

Mating occurs 2-3 weeks after the appearance of queens.

In the second half of the summer, most families fall apart. Workers and males die, and the young uterus falls into diapause. Uterus winter in small cavities dug in plant debris: bedding, heaps of leaves, hummocks and other shelters. In the spring (usually in April), after primroses bloom and the soil warms up to + 6-7C, the uterus leaves wintering grounds and sets up new nests.

  • Deciphered the genomes of two species of bumblebees

What is the name of the female bumblebee and male bees?

The drone is the only male representative in the bee family. He is born from unfertilized eggs and performs a single function - the fertilization of the queen bee. The drone is the only male representative in the bee colony. Content of the material

Bumblebees are quite large, beautiful, brightly colored insects. Females are larger than males. On average, the length of the female body is from 13 to 28 mm, the size of the male bumblebee varies from 7 to 24 mm.

Some species, such as the Steppe Bumblebee (Latin Bombus fragrans), grow to 35 mm in length. The weight of the bumblebee uterus can reach 0.85 g, the working individuals weigh from 0.04 to 0.6 g.

While insects can carry an amount of pollen equal to their own weight.

Since childhood, each of us is familiar with the honeybee, but many do not even assume that in addition to it there are still many hundreds of different types of bees, which sometimes look more like wasps and flies. Even such rather large, densely pubescent insects with two pairs of membranous wings, like bumblebees, also belong to bees. And today we talk about them.

Bumblebee called arthropod insect. It received its name because of the sound made during the flight. These insects are brightly colored, large, beautiful. They are able to carry a lot of pollen. About what are the bumblebees in nature, described in the article.

Description The body of the insect is thick, heavy. Their wings are small, transparent. The wings make about 400 strokes per second. In the female, the head is elongated, broadly rounded at the nape, and in the male it is triangular and rounded. Insect bites, floating jaws for protection.

Like to read from your phone or tablet? Then scan this QR code directly from the monitor of your computer and read the article. To do this, any QR Code Scanner application must be installed on your mobile device. Other news from category Nature:

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The Asian giant hornet (lat. Vespa mandarinia) is the largest hornet in the world, the length of individual subspecies of this insect exceeds 5 centimeters (on average 50.8 millimeters), and the wingspan can exceed 7.5 centimeters.

Today we will talk about bumblebees. A bumblebee is a flying insect, a very close relative of a common honeybee. Externally, the bumblebee is very similar to an ordinary bee, only it is larger, up to 2.5 cm in length and more, its thick little body is densely covered with hairs.

The back is dark, most often with yellow stripes, but sometimes the stripes are orange or red, rarely there are pure black individuals without stripes. The body of the insect ends with a smooth sting without chipping, which is not visible in its normal state.

On the back are 2 small transparent wings.

Bumblebees? (Latin Bombus) - genus of Hymenoptera insects (Hymenoptera) from the family of bees (Apidae). Species of the genus Bombus (more than 80) are common in all parts of the world, with the exception of Australia and Antarctica. There are about 300 species of bumblebees in the world out of 38 subgenera currently classified.

The most interesting things about bees, wasps and bumblebees Bees are perhaps one of the most interesting insects on our planet. No other species has managed to win the love and respect of a person so much. These tireless toilers, although already well studied, still do not cease to amaze us. Let's find out together the most popular and interesting facts about bees and wasps.

A bumblebee is an arthropod insect that belongs to the subclass of winged insects, the infraclass new-winged insects, above-order insects with full transformation, a group of hymenoptera, suborder stalk, a family of bees, a family of bumblebees (Latin Bombus).

In the spring after wintering, females of bumblebees feed on plants and seek shelter for building a nest. As a rule, these are the rodent burrows. Unlike bees, which breed by swarming, the only female, as a rule, begins to build a nest of bumblebees - the founder (queen). Then working individuals are born.

The name of our today's hero, the bumblebee, was due to the sounds that he usually makes during the flight, such humming, wheezing, and the old Russian word Chmell, which eventually transformed into the familiar modern bumblebee, came from them.

By the way, the name of another well-known flyer, a mosquito, was formed in a similar way.

But back to the bumblebees, in scientific terms, the bumblebee is an arthropod insect and belongs to the subclass of winged insects, the family of real bees, the genus of bumblebees proper (in Latin Bombus).

The male bee is a drone, and the female of the bumblebee is called the female of the bumblebee, it has not met another name. Related Issues

How can a person be compared with a bee collecting nectar?

Answer: Oh, this is my favorite comparison!

Just like the hardworking bees, honey collect bumblebees to feed their offspring. Since they live only one summer, they do not make stocks for the winter. Survive the winter can only womb, which wake up with the onset of spring. Where do bumblebees live, what do they eat and what do these insects look like?

Among the insects flying in the meadow there are three genera that a person encounters quite often in his life: a bee, a wasp and a bumblebee. To confuse them is difficult. They vary greatly in color and size.

But sometimes it is possible, if you do not delve into the details of the color of a large insect that has flown into the window. We are accustomed to the fact that the bumblebee is the largest of these three species, but the predatory wasp is the hornet much larger, and the body length of some bumblebees is less than that of a bee.

Therefore, it is necessary to sort out in more detail the difference between a wasp, a bee and a bumblebee from each other, and in what they are similar.

A bumblebee is an insect that belongs to the species of real bees. They can be considered close relatives of honeybees. They are considered warm-blooded insects, since when moving, their body releases a large amount of heat, and the temperature reaches 40 degrees. They are the largest members of the family.

Bumblebees and honeybees are two different genera from the family of real bees. That is, both honey bees and bumblebees have their divisions into females and males. And the bumblebee is not a male bee. Not. have masculine bees called a drone. A bumblebee is another insect that even fights with bees.

Bumblebee report. (Grade 2)

Bumblebee.

A bumblebee is a large insect, in body structure and lifestyle, very close to ordinary honey bees.

The length of the body of a bumblebee, covered with thick short hairs, and having a predominantly black color with characteristic yellow stripes in the abdomen, can reach a length of 25 to 30 millimeters.

The lower part of the bumblebee's body has a white color and ends with a small sting, in the usual imperceptible state. They bite very rarely, and their bites are not dangerous.

Like bees, in bumble bees males — drones — do not have a sting.

Bumblebees are social insects; in their large families of up to 200 individuals, there is a clear distribution of responsibilities for each of its members.

Nests are often arranged in abandoned burrows of small mammals. They can be recognized by the fact that the bumblebee loaded with pollen disappears into the mouse hole.

They also settle in hollows of trees and rock crevices, in nesting boxes for birds and in other protected and dry places.

Bumblebees are one of the most cold-resistant insects.
This allows them to fly out early in the morning and collect the first nectar when the air is not warm enough yet, and gives the bumblebees a certain competitive advantage over other insect species.

Bumblebees feed on the nectar of plants, collecting them from the blossoming flowers.
They are diligent pollen collectors. Biologists have calculated that only one field bumblebee during a flight lasting 100 minutes is visited by 2,634 flowers. Therefore, bumblebees are very important for gardeners and field farmers, as excellent pollinators.

In Europe, there are more than 50 species of bumblebees, and around the world there are several hundred.

Fulfilled: Sasha (8 years old), mother helped.

Bumblebees Nest: Where Bumblebees Live

Bumblebees Nest: Where Bumblebees Live

Bumblebees are a genus of Hymenoptera (Hymenoptera) of the bee family. In the world there are only about 300 of their species.

Species of the genus Bombus, of which more than 80, are common in almost all parts of the world, except Australia.

Where do bumblebees live and how do they create families? Answers to these questions will be given in the article.

What does a bumblebee look like?

Bumblebee Appearance Bumblebee SpeciesPainted Bumblebees Grayish Bumble Bees Bumblebee Species

Everyone saw a large, menacingly buzzing insect collecting pollen and nectar from flowers like bees.

These are bumblebees from the family of real bees. In total, there are 300 species of bumblebees in the world, divided into 15 subgenera (previously there were 50, but now the number of subgenera has been reduced).

The genus Bombus is a member of the same family as the honeybee.

These insects withstand low temperatures. Where the bumblebee lives, other bees do not survive due to the cold climate. Bumblebees are often found in the northern latitudes of Europe and in the mountains on the border with ice, where they are the only pollinators for plants.

Character traits

Bumblebees in most cases have similar external data, differing only in size and color of the strips. The body length of the female bumblebee is 1.3-2.8 cm, the male is 0.7-2.4 cm. The exception is the Asian giant bumblebee living in East Asia. This huge bumblebee grows up to 5 cm with a wingspan of 8 cm.

The torso of insects is covered with bristles, and baskets for collecting pollen are surrounded by straight, hard hairs. В этих корзинках рабочие особи переносят пыльцу, равную их собственному весу. Общее количество лапок у насекомых 6. Брюшко насекомых, как у всех пчел не подогнуто.

Со своим массивным туловищем и маленькими крыльями шмель выглядит так, будто летает вопреки законам аэродинамики. Но это мнение сложилось тогда, когда летали лишь самолеты с неподвижными крыльями. Сейчас точно выяснено, что эти насекомые вполне «законопослушны». Фото шмеля наглядно демонстрирует его строение и размеры тела по отношению к крыльям.

The question of how many eyes a bumblebee has is very interesting, since it depends on what the speaker understands by the word "eye." In our usual sense: “the organ that sees the picture” is the eye of a bumblebee two.

But if we consider the organs that perceive only the presence / absence of light, then three more are added. They are located between the main eyes on the back of the insect.

The photo of the bumblebee close-up clearly shows the parietal "photo cells".

Insects have powerful jaws with which they can bite. The oral apparatus is also equipped with a long proboscis, through which insects extract nectar from flowers with a very deep bollum. The photo clearly distinguishes the sucking proboscis.

Bumblebees feed on nectar, in the absence of honey plants it costs the sap of plants, which they extract with the help of the jaws: they gnaw through a hole in the stem. Under favorable conditions, in summer bumblebees eat nectar and pollen, sometimes completely smearing themselves in the latter.

Gender differences

The head of the female is slightly elongated and rounded at the back of the head. In the male, the head may be almost round or triangular, with a noticeable thin dotted line running along the front of the head and crown. The female has a rectangular upper lip with strongly curved mandibles that overlap each other upon closing. At males the gnawing device, allowing to gnaw through blades of grass.

In the female of any kind, the sixth sternite is on the abdomen without rollers. The male on the second stubble has no median elevation. The belly of females ends with a sting. The sting of "reuse" because it does not have chipping, and the female can pull it out of the victim. The bumblebee male has no sting. Instead, he has a highly chitinized dark brown genitalia.

Males on hind paws lack characteristic “baskets”, the last pair of paws is pubescent. The degree of pubescence varies depending on the species.

Bumblebee species

About 100 species of these beneficial insects inhabit Russia. The species composition varies depending on the area. And some species of bumblebees in Russia are too rare to be of serious importance for agriculture.

Names of species are often indicated inaccurately both in Latin and in Russian: meadow, moss, stone and other species successfully nest in the forests, horse is not found in the stables, it builds nests in meadows, trees, in the forests.

In fact, in nature, bumblebees live where they managed to find a convenient place for a nest, in all ecosystems, except wetlands. This makes it difficult to classify bumblebees even for specialists.

It is most convenient to divide large bees by coloring:

  • yellow and black and white variegated,
  • grayish-yellow with a red tip of the abdomen and a dark stripe on the back,
  • ocher yellow with a black spot or stripe between the wings,
  • gray with a black stripe on the back,
  • black with a red abdomen tip,
  • brown with a light tip of the abdomen and a dark stripe across the abdomen,
  • yellow and red.

These species of bumblebees are very useful as pollinators of clover, but under them can be masked by a bumblebee pest "cuckoo".

Photos of various species of bumblebees and their brief description below.

  • Sadovy (V. hortorum L.). The proboscis is very long. Nests in abandoned rodent burrows in late spring - early summer.
  • Small earthen (V. lucorum L.). This is a small bumblebee, working individuals do not exceed 17 mm. The uterus can grow up to 27 mm, and males 11-22 mm. Lives in rodent holes. Families are large. The structure of the bumblebee is intended for the extraction of nectar from the flowers of clover, where the insect does not reach for a short proboscis. It has a short dense body and is able to gnaw flowers, hanging on the inflorescence.
  • Underground Bumblebee (B. subterraneus latreillellus Kirby). This largest bumblebee is so called because of the fact that its nests are only underground. Families are few. The body is elongated. The proboscis is very long. Working individuals of medium size. The species value is determined by the queen bumblebee, which is the largest of all species in Russia. Breeds in early summer. This is a less beautiful bumblebee, compared with the previous ones: the yellow stripes are dimmer, the tip of the abdomen is off-white.

  • Two kinds of steppe. Proboscis medium, body short. One type of wings is darker than the other. Nestles under the ground in late spring. The number of families is very variable.
  • Forest. Short-body small insect. Painted dim steppe. May-June nesting in land or underground nests.

  • Comber (V. distinguendus F. Mog.). The trunk is long. The body is oblong and large. There are no workers. It nests under the ground in June - early July. Families are few.
  • Spotted Spin (V. maculidorsis Skor.). Similar to the comber, but smaller. There is a stain on the back, not a sling. Nesting like a hack.

Bumblebees with a grayish tint

  • Stone (B. lapidarius L.). Large, thick black with a red abdomen tip. Proboscis medium. Underground nesting from early spring. Families are very numerous.
  • Small stone. The trunk is long. Coloring varies greatly. Nesting in early spring on the ground.
  • Horse. Gray with a black stripe on the back. Proboscis long. The size is average, the body is oblong. May – June nesting in buildings, on the ground, underground, in old bumblebees.

  • Field (B. agrorum F.). Short oval body, small size, very variable color. Nesting aboveground, from early spring. Family size is average.
  • Urban. The body is short, dark brown. Proboscis medium. Nesting sprawling. It settles on the ground, in hollows, birdhouses, buildings, old bumblebees.

  • Mutable (V. helferanus Seidl). Externally similar to the field and moss, but the color is dimmer. The proboscis is very long. It nests on the ground or in old bumblebees. The bumblebee family of this species is very numerous. Aggressive.
  • Mokhovaya (V. muscorum F.). The body is oval, short. Insect is not large. Proboscis long. The color is bright golden yellow, orange back. Ground nesting, from early spring.

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