Noticing that the sparrow chick fell out of the nest, do not rush to haul home. Rate the situation. For the newborn will have to follow a lot: if there is no time, do not take up the backward work. Feed him should often, and, most importantly, correctly. There is no possibility - give up the idea. The intervention will be a “bear service” if the bird accidentally fell from a tree, following the parents. Look, if they are looking for a cub. If you decide to help the baby, read how to do it right.
Problems and Solutions
Sometimes chicks fall out of their nests. In order to understand how to save the little sparrow, it is necessary to determine the cause. If you find a cub on the ground, look around.
Sparrows themselves will not throw the chick out of the nest. But other birds, swifts, starlings, can win back their place, getting rid of the "enemy" offspring. In this case, try to drive away the fighters and provide assistance to the baby.
If a sparrow chick fell out of the nest accidentally, return it back. Sometimes babies instinctively reach for their parents, falling from the trees. If the bird house is all right, the parents are there, then the tragedy will not happen.
Do not worry about whether to pick up the baby and carry it to the nest. Sparrows do not smell, so do not give up the brood due to human intervention.
Natural disasters can also destroy the nest: a hurricane, a thunderstorm. To help the birds in this case, you can restore the home. Return the kids to the renovated house and watch them. If the parents respond to the call of the cubs, the rescue mission is over. If this does not happen, you will have to feed the young.
Sparrow chicks grow up to an independent age of 2-3 weeks. This is how long it will take to leave the cubs.
New-born sparrow chicks are newly hatched, not covered with feathers, very small birds. It is hardly possible to provide them with food, since they will often have to be fed: every 2-3 hours. The best solution is to find an abandoned nest.
The yellow-backs are teenage chicks that have acquired feathers. Despite the fact that the sparrows look matured, they are not capable of independent feeding. At this age, babies often fall out due to negligence. It is possible to leave a bird, but it is necessary to feed it regularly, and this time.
Cells are already fully matured, capable of independent feeding of birds. Having found such a bird, do not touch it: let it learn to fly and get food. The only possible help in this situation is to land on a hill (to protect against land predators).
This is important: water and food for the new tenant.
Having picked up a sparrow, it is important to understand how to water the chick and how to feed it. To give the baby a drink, it is better to use a pipette. Fill it with water and bring the tip to the beak. Do not press on the "mouth", trying to open.
Newborn birds can not drink on their own from a bowl - this must be remembered. If you put a container with water and leave, the sparrows will choke.
If you often pick up birds for treatment, then the house is sure to find something to feed the injured little sparrow. Another thing, if the case is single. Before you rush into the pet store or prepare complex mixtures, feed the baby with something that exists in the refrigerator. Suitable lean meat, minced meat, eggs (boiled), cottage cheese, fish.
First steps in nursing
What needs to be done immediately after picking up the chick is to provide comfort. Socket equipment is paramount. Use a non-fleecy fabric, rolling in such a way as to incline.
Feeding non-feathered chicks from day one requires a routine. It is important to observe a certain time between meals: 15-20 minutes for newborns and 2-3 hours for yellow curls.
Below we describe how and what to feed the sparrow chick to grow it at home. Turn to nature. Give them:
- meal worms,
- small insects.
Human food will do:
The main thing is to feed the babies in a timely manner so as not to burn their own resources: sparrows have a fast metabolism On how to care for the chicks, the right to make a diet, read on.
What chicks eat with pleasure is insects. But feeding feathered birds and fledglings can be simplified by preparing a special mixture. The recipe is:
- average carrot and squeeze juice,
- grind egg (pre-cook),
- we cut meat (veal / beef / chicken) and split into fibers,
- greens (lettuce / woodlice / dandelion) are ground,
- add 10 g of cottage cheese (pre-press),
- 2 tbsp. spoons of boiled millet (exclude salt or butter),
- a teaspoon of fish food (dry mix),
- falling asleep calcium glycerol phosphate powder (1 tablet per liter),
- put a teaspoon of crushed eggshell.
Mix the resulting feed until smooth. It should not stick to hands. Give the kids a la carte, rolling up small balls the size of a cherry bone. When preparing the mixture for feeding the chick, it turns out a large stock. You can keep food in the freeze.
How to feed a chick sparrow, we told. But do not forget that the birds should be watered: a few drops of water on the feed ball.
Calcium: Dosage Calculation and Sources
Calcium for sparrow chicks, as for all birds, is necessary to prevent the development of rickets. The mixture above includes the required amount of nutrients. Using it, you can not worry about the health of babies.
Features sparrow feeding at home allow you to monitor the received vitamins. To calculate the need for chick calcium, it is enough to determine 2% of its mass. But remember that it is possible to overdo it with the additive, so it is better to be safe and add more.
Calcium can get calcium from chalk, food clay, or the shell of boiled eggs. They are added in powder form. For a standard daily dose take half a teaspoon - if there is no desire to make calculations.
Primary knowledge: what and how
Talk about how to leave a sparrow chick, and what to use for feeding. Newborn birds are fed from a syringe with a catheter - it is more convenient.
Taking a catheter for feeding sparrows is prohibited, because of the danger to life: birds can swallow the needle. Feeding the nestling with a brush is less convenient: due to the feathering of the feathers. But for tidy people, the technique is ideal, as a soft nap will not do any harm.
The sequence of feeding the sparrow chicks is an important point. Do not give them the whole batch at once. Dose feed for better absorption. One "dose" is 2/3 of the volume of the head. If babies continue to beg for treats, ignore. Overfeeding is also harmful, as is malnutrition.
The importance of the intermediate stage
Taking care of the little sparrow, do not miss the moment of stopping feeding and transferring the chick to independent feeding. Remember that the baby’s desire for independence does not show that it is necessary to reduce feeding.
In their natural environment, the parents feed the chicks even when the babies learn to fly and get food. Do not miss this crucial moment. Make the Sparrow chase you to get the food you want.
To understand that the chick is ready for independence, you can by weight. Norm - 20-27 g. Sparrows are completely covered with feathers, the tail is long, the beak loses its yellowness. Matured birds bite painfully.
When the sparrow chick grows up, the frequency of feedings is gradually reduced. Some birds switch to self-feeding quickly, others delay the process - this is not a problem. If the baby refuses to eat, do not worry. This is a normal process until their weight falls below 21 g.
A sparrow nestling fed by a man can be released into nature. The main thing to consider is how to conduct the process correctly. Remember: if you are not going to leave a selected bird, begin in advance preparation for the "weaning".
If you intend to release the sparrow into nature, do not treat the bird as if it were a pet. Do not spend more time with your baby than necessary. Do not play, do not caress. When feeding, it is better to wear something bright to distract attention "from yourself" and minimize addiction.
When the chick grows up, do not play with it. Do not accustom the kid "to hands". If you do not give the bird a lot of time, the growing up little sparrows will quickly learn to scare a person.
Sparrow can not be released without prior preparation. Before the bird settles in nature, it is kept in the aviary. Street pen helps to adapt. Teach the chick to "local" food.
Before you let go of the little sparrow, make sure that the chick is healthy. See the weather forecast. On the day of “absence” there should be no rain or strong wind. It is better that in the next few days the weather center does not report the impending weather.
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Discuss exciting questions in the comments to the article.
Why the sparrow was on the ground
Undetected chick can also fall out of the nest
Sparrow could fall out of the nest. After all, the parents of this species of birds themselves rarely throw out their children. Other birds could “help” him to leave the nest. Among swifts, starlings, ravens and, of course, sparrows, there is often hostility for the best nests. And getting rid of its permanent residents, the invaders are ready to throw away the offspring.
If the little sparrow was lucky, and he did not crash, falling to the ground, then he really would need your help. Especially if you see other birds circling above it (not sparrows). Even if you drive them away, they may return, or the chick may become a victim of other animals.
Therefore, if there is no opportunity to return it to parents (by the way, sparrows do not smell a human smell, therefore, you can not worry that they will not take back the chick), you will have to take care of it. And most importantly, do it right.
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How to determine the age of the sparrow
To properly care for the chick, you need at least an eye to determine its age. And this will help you our tips. So,
- if a sparrow was recently born, its body is not yet covered with feathers, its eyes can be closed, and its dimensions are very tiny. Just want to note that he is very helpless and needs protection. That's just, you need to feed it every 2-3 hours. It is unlikely that you, a busy person, will have such an opportunity day and night. Therefore, as an option, in order not to leave the bird in the lurch, you can throw a sparrow into another sparrow's nest.
- Zheltorotiki - the body of chicks is already covered with down and feathers, but the beak is decorated with a yellow stripe, indicating that they are still very young. Therefore, they still cannot get food for themselves. They need to be fed.
- Tears - teenage birds ready for independent living and learners to fly. In principle, if there are no predators nearby, and bad weather does not approach, they do not need your help.
What to feed the sparrow chick
Sparrow chicks, like any other, need special food and water. It will be better to feed him from a pipette or from a syringe without a needle. This should be done extremely carefully, so as not to injure the beak, and that the bird does not choke. By the way
young birds do not know how to drink on their own. They either choke or die of thirst near the water. Therefore, they must be forced to water several times a day.
Sparrows are omnivores. And it pleases. Therefore, as soon as you bring the bird home, take care to feed it with lean meat, minced meat, boiled egg, cottage cheese or fish. In the future, you will need to take care of finding meal worms, larvae, small insects. From human food can be given cottage cheese, eggs, meat, fish.
It is very important to feed passerine chicks on time. Otherwise, due to the rapid metabolism, they begin burning their own body resources. Therefore, get ready every 15-20 minutes to feed the newborn birds, and after 2-3 hours to feed the yellow-backs.
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How to prepare a feed mixture for a sparrow chick
It is quite clear that you may not be able to give fresh insects to the chick every day. But so that you don’t worry about feeding the feathered guest badly, try to make the following mix for him:
- squeeze juice from grated raw carrot,
- boil an egg and grind it into mashed potatoes
- cut finely boiled meat (beef, chicken or veal),
- take greens and chop it,
- add some cottage cheese (10 grams is enough),
- add 2 tablespoons of boiled wheat flour (without oil and salt and sugar),
- add a teaspoon of fish food,
- add 1 tablet of calcium glycerophosphate egg shells (you must first grind it).
- Mix the mixture of individual ingredients thoroughly until smooth, roll small balls, the size of a cherry seed, from it. Feed the sparrow chicks with such balls during the day. This is a complete diet for him. By the way, such balls, so that they do not deteriorate, can be stored in the freezer.
- Before feeding, they will need to be thawed, and a few drops of water should be dropped on them - so the sparrow will eat and drink immediately.
How to give calcium to sparrows
Without calcium, the sparrow or any other bird’s body cannot develop fully. Your winged pet may start rickets. Therefore, calcium must be added. Its source can be food clay, the shell of raw eggs. Usually,
Calcium is necessary for a bird as much as it is 2% of its body weight. But many breeders say that if you give 0.5 teaspoon of calcium during the day, you will not go wrong.
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What you need to know about the sparrow chicks
Sparrow life saved
It is better to feed the newborn sparrows with a syringe with a catheter. But for older birds, this method is not suitable. Brush feeding is also not the best option, as you can stain bird plumage. Therefore, it is necessary to choose a compromise option. By the way, it’s better not to give him the entire portion at once. It is better to divide it into 3 parts, and give it with short breaks. Do not forget that overfeeding is just as harmful as malnutrition. Therefore, it is not worth giving food at a time more than 2/3 of the volume of the bird’s head.
How to release a sparrow chick at will
You can only release a healthy, independent bird, which can eat and feed itself. At the same time, you should not immediately release her immediately and disappear from her life. Preliminary preparation for weaning is required. Spend less time with the bird, rarely take it on your hands, do not talk to it. It is clear that this is your temporary pet, but for him it would be better if he is not strongly attached to you, and does not feel like your pet.
If possible, pre-settle the bird in a street pen, open-air cage, so that the bird gets used to the surrounding sounds, smells and nature. Translate the sparrow on his natural diet. When you see that the sparrow is ready for the beginning of an independent life - open the door of an open-air cage or cage and wish the bird a happy journey. You have done a lot for her, but then she should fly herself. By the way, before you release it, read the weather forecast. In these first days it is impossible for a bird to fall under rain, strong wind or other bad weather. She must calmly adapt to a new life for her.
Video about the saved sparrow
Today we talked with you about how to feed a sparrow nestling, how to care for it, and how to let the bird go free. We hope our advice will be useful to you. Have you ever found birds? Did you pass by or take responsibility for caring for them? Did you manage to accustom the bird? We are waiting for your stories and comments.
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Heroes of folklore
Both adults and children are well aware of the characteristic singing of the feathered, which is the closest neighbor of a person. Sparrows will learn both because of the special beauty of feathers, and by the manner of behavior. There are many interesting legends and stories about these creatures. Every nation attributed its symbolism to this animal.
Proverbs and sayings about them exist on our territory. So, for example, if the winged flies over to us by you, then wait for failure. Flew into the window of the house - trouble will come. But such prejudices do not prevent people from thinking about how to feed the sparrow nestling that fell out of the nest.
Следует отметить, что негатив, который народы чувствовали по отношению к этим летунам, навязан историей.
Популярной до сих пор является старая детская загадка, которая спрашивает, какая птица не умеет ходить, а только прыгает. Именно с этой головоломкой и связан главный миф этого вида. По легенде, крылатые смеялись над распятием Иисуса Христа. The Lord decided to punish the whole family for disrespect, and bandaged their paws with an invisible thread so that they could not walk. Gd also forbade the use of meat of these birds for food. That is why many indifferent do not worry about what to feed the sparrow chick, fallen out of the house.
Big city problem
Modern man has little faith in such legends. Smash myths and scientists. Zoologists have found that the legs of this bird are very short, and it is this length that helps keep balance. In addition, all the tiny winged move leaps.
The researchers first added the prefix "home" to their name. And indeed, now these birds live very close to human habitation. Northern Europe was the birthplace of birds, but over the centuries of evolution they have settled around the globe.
Today it is harder for them to survive in large cities. More often parents think about how to feed the sparrow chick. Insects in large populated areas are few, so dad and mom add bread and seeds to the baby’s diet that they don’t like very much.
In general, these are funny and funny birds. They, unlike their relatives, wake up late in the morning and not at dawn. Flyers gather in noisy groups. In spring, males fight for the best place for nests for a long time. Females lay eggs with warming. In their basket can be from 4 to 6 pieces. Next, parents are worried about how to feed the sparrow chick. Zheltopik is considered strong if it widely opens its beak.
Parents who do not eat well, parents can throw out of the nest. But such situations occur very rarely. By autumn, only half of the newborns die. Most often, a bird that can defend itself and clearly feels danger can survive for two years. But there are cases when sparrows lived at home for more than 15 years. Such animals are very jealous and require increased attention.
Role of parents
Most often young fall out of the nests, which are just learning to fly. The first attempt may be unsuccessful, and for the next step it is worth gaining strength again. Finding a child, do not rush to pull him to his home. With the help of parents the sparrow nestling can survive. What to feed the birds at home? Feeding the crumbs is a difficult and responsible business that not everyone can handle. But mom or daddy-bird will be able to carry food to the child and to the ground until he recovers.
If there is no danger nearby, such as dogs and cats, then it is better to trust nature. In addition, you can put a plate with cereals in the winged and thus simplify the task of the mother and father of the cub.
In the case when you decide to take the defenseless bird home, you should be aware of the rules for handling this animal.
Before talking about how to feed a sparrow nestling fallen out of the nest, you should build a comfortable home for your new friend. The owner must make an artificial cradle into which the guest will be placed. Any box is suitable for this. It is worth scribbling pieces of soft fabric. If the nestling is still quite small, one should constantly keep warm in the nest. A hot water bottle or a bottle of hot water can help with this task. Since the calf needs a stable temperature, it is better to melt the “batteries” more often.
It is very important that the box in which the chick will live is comfortable for you. After all, before you know how to feed a sparrow chick at home, you should realize that the baby wants to eat every two to three hours. Therefore, it is possible that the animal will have to take with you. Even an adult bird, without having eaten just one day, will die. Deadly can be a hearty lunch.
If you took home a defenseless crumb, you should take seriously his diet. The first and most important rule - focus on natural ingredients. Do not forget that the daily dinner of birds - insects and bugs. That they should feed the friend.
They have a very fast metabolism, and a normal, healthy flyer of this class should eat food weighing ¾ of his own body weight per day. Therefore, the owner is faced with the question not only of how to feed the sparrow chick at home, but how often to do it. Experts recommend giving food at least once every two hours during daylight hours.
If the bird does not get enough, you will have to feed more often. Sometimes the interval can even be 15-20 minutes. To understand that the baby is full is very simple. He will stop opening the beak. In addition, problems with feeding will not occur. The baby bird will quickly get used to you and will constantly open its mouth. Food is better to pull with tweezers.
Sometimes parents throw a baby because it doesn’t open its beak. In this case, you should slightly open the mouth.
Flies, bugs, larvae, worms, ant cocoons - that's what feed the fledgling sparrow nestling.
Buy some of the above delicacies can be in stores that sell products for fishing. It is possible to find or catch lunch on your own.
You can dilute the diet and products that will always be in your refrigerator. Steamed wheat porridge, the flesh of white bread soaked in milk, boiled chicken eggs, cottage cheese - all this in small quantities can be given to birds.
It should also treat a new friend of boiled chicken and veal. You can add to the dinner carrots, from which pre-squeeze the juice. Salad and leaves - this will also feed on the sparrow nestling. Than you can feed more, the winged will tell. If his afterbirth is irregular and without a characteristic white color, then either the diet or the interval of meals is wrong.
As soon as the friend starts to try to fly, select a small cage. Subsequently, you can release him. But It is worth noting that some animals, accustomed to everything ready, are not able to survive in the real world.
For those who do not intend to part with a new friend, there is a good news: sparrows are trained. They understand perfectly well when a person wants to help them, and when he tries to harm.
One Moscow zoologist, working with these birds, taught his subject even to feed his paw. He also noted that the bird is jealous of other animals and tries to fully capture the attention. She sits on the shoulders and arms, and still sings great.
Hosts also need to know that this class is afraid of blue, so be careful with these shades.
A sparrow nestling will be a good friend (photo). What to feed and how to take care is solely your business, the main thing is to be compassionate and reasonable.
The content of the article
- What to feed the sparrow chick
- How to help the birds
- How to get rid of sparrows on the site
If you picked up and brought home a sparrow fledgling from its nest, first find a place for it. A small box with a soft cloth at the bottom is suitable. Make sure the chick does not jump out of it. Very tiny birds need heating. To do this, you can use a heating pad or just a bottle of warm water.
What can feed the sparrow chick?
First of all, it should be remembered that chicks of insectivorous small birds — larks, tits, and sparrows — eat up to one-fourth of their weight in one day. It is best that the basis of the bird's ration is accustomed to her insects: worms, flies, grasshoppers, bugs, larvae. However, of course, getting them is not so easy.
For some reason, books, fairy tales, movies of sparrows are usually fed with bread. But in no case should this be done. Giving the chick bakery products can be no more than once every 2 days, and even then only in the form of a crumb, soaked in milk. In addition, you can gradually give finely chopped boiled or raw meat, ground in a mortar and steamed cereal seeds or oatmeal.
Vegetables - beetroot, cucumber, carrot - are suitable for feeding. They need to grind grated and squeeze out excess juice. You can also feed the sparrow nestling with boiled egg or curd. The main thing that this food was unsalted. It is advisable to add some coal or crushed chalk to the food - the chick will be happy with this seasoning. In turn, salt is strictly prohibited to give to birds.
Try to have the chick eat by yourself, however, if it does not work out, you can give him food by opening his beak with tweezers. Since the bird is still small, it must often be fed - no less than once every 2 hours. This is quite a difficult task, and therefore it is believed that it is difficult to feed the chicks of small birds. In addition, do not forget that, in addition to food, the bird must have free access to clean water.
Before leaving the sparrow chick, think
Before you leave the sparrow chick, think: perhaps it is better to still leave it where you found it? In most cases, the nests fall out of the nests. So the chicks are called, who still do not know how to fly, but have made their first attempt to try it. Their adult parents then try to feed their offspring already on the ground.
If there is not a large number of stray dogs and cats in the district, the chick's ability to survive in the wild is significantly higher than at home. It must be borne in mind that birds often die at home due to improper feeding or keeping. And if you really want to take part in rescuing a chick, it may be better to put a feeder with food where the fallen chick is, than to feed him in a cage at home. Remember: captive birds often die after they are released into the environment.
Features feeding choristers
Particular attention should be paid to the composition of food. It is important to remember that most choristers feed insects on chicks. If the adoptee belongs to the songbird, it should be fed the same as adult insectivorous birds: fly larvae, mealworms, ant cocoons, and also cottage cheese, carrots and chicken eggs. Do not forget about mineral and vitamin supplements. It is possible to raise chicks by feeding them with ant cocoons, but they will not be able to grow them on one chicken egg.
Food is convenient to serve with tweezers. Already from the first feeding, it is necessary to ensure that the pet independently opens its beak. To do this, when giving tweezers, you need to shake the nest or touch the corners of the beak, the plumage of the head with tweezers. Starting at 15 days of age, food is scattered across the bottom of the cage. When the chick learns to peck up scattered food, you can install a feeder in the cage. But with the tweezers, the chick is stopped feeding only when he learns to gorge himself to satiety. From now on, he will need a more spacious cage in which you can fly and run. Nestlings of falcon, pygmy owl and hawk should be fed with slaughtered daily chicken or poultry meat.
Feeding reel features
Nestlings of the family of finches (greenfinch, bullfinch, goldfinch, linnet) can be reared only with the help of other finch birds. This is due to the fact that the food brought by the parents is mechanically processed in the beak and moistened with saliva containing enzymes. Without this, digestion in chicks is not produced.
You can raise reed chicks with a domesticated canary. To do this, remove its laying from the nest and place newly hatched chicks there. The canary will willingly feed the chicks while they are in the nest. But after its abandonment, some individuals stop feeding their adopted animals. Growing chicks owls, predators, ducks, and chickens is less complicated. These birds have a less intense metabolism, and many of them are born ready for independent living.
Since you have to feed a small pet very often, you should always be around or carry it with you. As long as the nestling is small and cannot escape, you can keep it in a small container or box. If a fledgling fledgling is only 4-5 days old from the moment he hatched, it is important to provide him with heating. The easiest way is to arrange it in the form of a hot-water bottle made from a flattened plastic bottle.
Starting from 9-12 days, when the chick seeks to leave the "nest", it is better to put it in a small cage. Regardless of the place of keeping, the chick must have a dry soft bedding for which moss or dried grass is suitable. If they are not at hand, you can lay cotton for the first time. In this case, it is important to constantly monitor that the chick is not entangled in the fibers. You need to change litter as pollution.
When to save the sparrow's pet or the chick?
- If you have selected a chick from a cat or dog, then such a chick should be treated. After the cat's bites, even if the bird flies, birds develop very serious problems, because cats and dogs normally have teeth (pasteurella) on their teeth that are pathogenic for birds, causing particularly dangerous contagious pasteurellosis in birds.
- If you find a sparrow chicks of any age covered with mites, then such a chick in nature will not survive. Therefore, you will most likely be able to help him if you contact the bird doctor and take responsibility and care for the chick.
- If the nest was destroyed during the construction or repair of the building, then most likely you will be able to save his life by taking it up for maintenance, creating all the conditions that are necessary for this bird.
Photo: Look, this is not a fully feathered sparrow nestling, such a nestling outside the nest. If you find such a sparrow, it means: either the chick was thrown out of the nest, or fell out, or he himself had to leave the nest (this happens when all older brothers have fully leaned and left the nest, after which the parent birds cease to participate in life. ” junior chick). Photo author: ERNI
- If you find a chick lying on asphalt, concrete, and this chick cannot stand up, then such a chick may have broken paws and / or internal bleeding. Such chicks should be immediately delivered to the veterinarian, or at least call the bird doctor, in order to get the first instructions on what to do with the chick.
How to help the chicks if the nest is destroyed?
Neo-feathered (“naked”) and blind sparrow chicks often end up being thrown out of the nest by other birds, and therefore it is useless to return the chicks thrown out by other birds to the nest. This event is usually accompanied by fights of birds at the nest, sparrow nests can be engaged in swifts or starlings.
If the chick accidentally fell out (this happens when the young chicks actively beg for food from their parents), and you see a nest (sparrows fly there and you can hear the chicks squeak) - try to return the chick inside the nest. Often it saves the lives of birds.
If you witnessed how a hurricane or thunderstorm turned over a birdhouse or titmouse in which sparrows or other birds nested, and the chicks fell out of such a nest - then you can really save the chicks, even if the trouble happened at night, and you found nestlings in the grass only in the morning. Return the birdhouse to its previous position. If the nest inside the birdhouse has completely collapsed, then just put sawdust on the bottom of this birdhouse, or put dry moss (no need to put wet moss) and return the fallen chicks before drinking.
Sparrows, starlings, flycatchers, tits - they do not smell, and from the fact that you took the chicks in your hands - they will not abandon their brood.
After this, observe how the parent birds behave:
- If adult sparrows are not interested in the nest box, and do not even fly up to it - wait for three hours and pick up the chicks for additional feeding.
- If the sparrows fly up to the nest, they respond to the call of the chicks, but do not fly inside - most likely you are frightening the birds. In this case, leave them alone, do not show up in the field of view for several hours and they are more likely to return to feeding chicks.
Is it possible to feed very young chicks?
If you find a tiny, not plumed chick, and you do not see the nest from which it fell, then only one option to survive on such a chick is if it will be provided with competent and timely assistance. It is not difficult to feed a sparrow nestling, it can be done even by feeding it only with boiled egg and minced meat. However, such a chick will not be healthy, it will grow sick and rickety.
If you live in a village and you have the time and opportunity to catch insects, everything is much better. The best option to feed sparrows with insects: grasshoppers, crickets, spiders, butterflies, caterpillars (caterpillars should be bare, do not give sparrows to “hairy” caterpillars). The main thing is not to forget to feed the chick every time after feeding and immediately remove the litter from the nest (it is easy to make their boxes, covered with clean napkins, nest).
If you are a city dweller or you do not have the opportunity to spend time in the field, catching grasshoppers and butterflies, in this case, this article about feeding the chicks of field and house sparrows - will be useful for you as a guide.
If you are the owner of a rehabilitation center, or a volunteer in the wild bird rescue center, or you just enthusiastically collect dozens of sparrow chicks at home, the feeding method described in this article will not work for you, since a large number of chicks require a completely different professional approach like to the preparation of rations of chicks, and to the feeding process.
What should be done immediately after the nestling is picked up?
Первым делом, подобрав птенца воробья любого возраста, его нужно напоить. Если птенец не открывает клюв и практически не подает признаков жизни — смочите кисточку, ватную палочку или свой палец водой, и каплю, свисающую с пальца/ватной палочки, поместите в уголок закрытого клюва — капля сама всосется и птенец через несколько секунд сделает глотательное движение, дайте около 10 капель воды и звоните птичьему врачу. A veterinarian (and not an ornithologist at all) will give advice on what to do, where to go, what drugs to give to remove the chick from a critical state.
How to feed the chick in the first hours of the house?
If the chick actively asks to eat: opens the beak when a person approaches and loudly or not loudly squeaks, and you do not have food insects at home, then the most universal option than you can feed almost any chick without harm is not fatty, fresh meat. You can use minced meat, or scrape a knife from a frozen piece of meat, meat, put it in a shallow saucer and add warm water so that the mass quickly melts. In the same way, you can use frozen fish or minced fish. You can not use bacon, and do not use the dumplings stuffing (real case from practice).
The second universal food that you can feed the chick in the first hours after you brought it home is a boiled chicken egg. Boil a hard-boiled egg, finely chop the yolk and white, add a little water, mash, roll a 2/3 size ball of the head of the chick and lay it in its beak. On such an “urgent” ration, a chick can live for a day without harm to itself, but if you feed him on with just an egg or only meat, the chick will get sick very quickly.
And now in detail about what needs to be purchased for a full-fledged sparrow nestling:
- forage insects: grasshoppers, crickets, flour worm, zoophobace, bee brood, hawk moths, cockroaches, the more diverse the better. All these insects are sold in pet stores or online pet stores.
- berries: grapes, strawberries, blackberries, mulberries (mulberry), strawberries, blueberries, currants, cherries, cherries and other berries, you can use thawed berries.
- fruits: apricots, apple, pear, mango and others.
- dry forage insects and gamarus with daphnia (the latter are always in pet stores),
- low-fat cottage cheese, yogurt, Linex for children,
- dry food for kittens, you need premium food,
- chalk, clay or eggshell,
- 2 ml syringe, napkins or paper towels,
- lamp for birds Arcadia birds lamp.
The most important task facing juvenile songbird nestlings, which include sparrows and corvids, is providing the growing chick with calcium, protein, chitin, and vitamins. When any of these components are deficient, chicks develop rickets and associated infectious diseases.
Special lighting for chicks
The list of necessary things for feeding chicks is a lamp for birds. The lamp is necessary because at home the chicks are deprived of sunlight, and without ultraviolet normal development of the chick is impossible, because vitamin D is produced in the skin of birds only when there is ultraviolet, in addition, the birds are seen in the ultraviolet spectrum. IMPORTANT! DO NOT USE MEDICAL LAMPS WITH HARD ULTRAVIOLET. Partially replace the sunlight will help a special lamp for birds. Now the best option is a bird lamp Arcadia birds lamp. Place it in the room where the chick is kept, at a distance of up to 1 meter from the chick. The lamp should be on all daylight hours. The duration of the day should be at least 10 hours (preferably 12-14). Before turning off the light, the chick must be fed.
Where to keep the chick? Cell, box, nest, basket?
The best option for keeping chicks is a brooder with temperature and humidity control. Sparrow chicks in brooder should be kept in a makeshift nest. If there is no brooder, then the “nest” is made and the temperature is controlled either with lamps (the incandescent lamp should not shine directly on the chick) or with water heaters. The nest can be a convenient flatware lined with paper napkins, or a rope nest for canaries (you can buy at pet stores). It is better to cover small chicks after feeding with another napkin. In this way, heat is preserved, a feeding reflex is produced in the chick, psychological comfort is created for the bird, because sparrows nest in closed spaces.
Do not use hay, straw, pressed sawdust and cat litter as bedding. Hay and straw can be a source of fungal spores. Pellets chicks can swallow and this can lead to trouble.
It is impossible to use as a nest a container without a lining (even if it is cardboard or wood) - for the reason that without the lining the paws of the chick will slide and moving the paws will result in injury to the joints.
The temperature must be maintained within 32-35 C, humidity 40-45%.
Carefully remove the litter from the nest as soon as it appears! The feeder must have a pedantic skill - cleanliness in the nest, the best prevention of diseases of chicks.
When the chick becomes a sletkom, he gets out of the nest. You can keep this slider either in a large cage, or in an open-air cage, or simply in a large basket covered with a mosquito net on top. You can not keep flying in a closed basket or box (the light is very important for normal development and shedding).
Sparrow nestlings grow in closed nests, but they do not grow in the dark. In natural closed nests, the chicks receive a lot of scattered ultraviolet radiation, which they are deprived of at home. Photo by Alexandr Maximov.
If you keep a chick in a basket, then it is necessary to install perches from branches with bark. Perches are placed close to the floor. Feed is placed at the bottom of the cage. Also in the basket or in the aviary set a broom of thin branches with foliage. Hiding in the branches of bushes and trees is a normal behavior of a sparrow, so the nestlings will hide behind the branch broom.
Hygiene content of chicks
When feeding the chicks, it is important to keep the nest (box) clean and immediately remove the chick's droppings. Normally, the chick will evaporate immediately after feeding.
When feeding with liquid spreading food, you should try not to let feed fall on the feather and in the eyes of the chick. Contamination of the pen with food leads to disruption of the development of the pen (the pen does not open normally or the feather follicle can be damaged). In addition, contamination of the pen with food creates favorable conditions for the development of secondary bacterial and fungal infections, therefore, food that has fallen on the pen should be immediately removed with a damp cotton swab or a damp napkin. If the feed mixture gets into the eyes, it is necessary to wash the eyes of the chick with sterile saline.
Calcium for sparrow chicks
Calcium sparrows can get from insects, vegetable feed, feed for kittens, egg shells and mineral additives.
In order to prevent the development of rickets of chicks, you need to feed a diet containing calcium and phosphorus in the ratio of 2: 1, so you can not feed the sparrows for a long time only raw meat or just boiled egg.
The most available source of calcium is chalk (calcium carbonate), dietary clay, and boiled eggs (eggs should be well boiled so as not to infect the chick with pathogens of infectious diseases of chickens). Chalk, clay, or shells are ground in a coffee grinder into dust, and this powder is used to add to the liquid mixture, and to stonewall insects, while feeding the grown ups. I will call this powder conditionally "calcium."
How to calculate the need for chick calcium?
The literature provides evidence that pure calcium should be 2% of the weight of the daily diet. But for single-fed young chicks, it is impossible to adhere to the rule “it is impossible to overdose calcium carbonate” - it is possible because its excess is eliminated from the intestine. Therefore, if you take as a guideline the dosage of calcium powder in half a teaspoon per day, then you definitely will not lose.
Is it possible to use the mixture for feeding parrots for sparrow chicks?
Some bird owners use mixtures to feed parrot chicks to feed the passerine chicks. This is a wrong technique, since the nutritional needs and development of parrot chicks are very different from the developmental speed of passerine chicks, and their basic nutritional needs vary greatly. Sparrow nestlings raised on parrot feed, muscle mass is gaining normal weight, but plumage and bone tissue develop abnormally. The literature mentions that only the Kaytee Exact Hand Feeding Formula blend is suitable for feeding small sparrow chicks. I didn’t use this mixture, although it is available on the CIS market, but unsuccessfully reared sparrows and other passerines with mixtures for parrots from different manufacturers - I meet in my practice very often.
Feeding of non-feathered chicks from day one
From the first day, a liquid feed mixture is used to feed non-feathered blind chicks of sparrows.
The composition of the feed mixture for feeding: food insects, cottage cheese, fruit pieces, available berries, dry ham or daphnia, children's Linex (1 bag), soaked food for kittens, natural yogurt, calcium. Everything together is put into a blender and ground to a liquid state. The mixture is given from the syringe in small portions. Never fill a goiter with more than 2/3 of its volume so that the goiter does not overstretch. The mixture can be given to quite small chicks either with a brush or with a pipette - it is important to prevent contamination of the forage with skin and feather of the chick.
This mixture is poorly stored. It deteriorates quickly because it contains many nutrients, bacterial cultures (yogurt and Linex). Therefore, it is important not to make a large amount of the mixture for storage, use ready-made feed for 2 hours.
What to feed the chick: a syringe, brush?
When the chick is completely small and blind, it is best to use an insulin syringe with a removable needle for feeding. For convenience, you can wear a trimmed intravenous catheter, but the older the chick becomes, the stronger he grabs the tip of the syringe and the catheter can be swallowed. Be careful, do not use a catheter for grown up feathered chicks and sletk. Before feeding the chick, remove all the drops of the feed mixture from the tip of the syringe so as not to accidentally stain the plumage.
It is more convenient for some to use a brush for feeding very young chicks, if you have the skill and you do not soil the feather of a bird, you can also use this technique.
If there are many chicks, feed them all in a circle. You do not need to “feed” the chick immediately and completely: give a portion of feed and go to the next chick. Do not forget to check whether the youngest chicks have eaten, as the older ones can “trample” the babies in the nest.
How often should feed the chicks?
Feeding is carried out every 20-30 minutes for 14 hours a day. Before feeding, make sure that the goiter is empty. If the goiter is slowly emptied or swollen, contact the bird doctor immediately. It is important not to overfeed the chicks, as the sparrow continues to ask for food, even when the goiter is full, do not give the mixture more than 2/3 of the head volume, it is better to feed in small portions, but more often.
How to keep the chick when feeding?
When feeding, chicks shake their heads, swing in different directions - for your convenience, you can gently hold the head of the chick with the fingers of your free hand. Immediately remove leftover food from the head or body of the chick. If the chick does not poop immediately after feeding, feel the belly, it should not be swollen or hard. Lack of litter may be due to too dry feed. Dilute the mixture and / or additionally water the chick with water. If the chick does not care anyway - water it with water until a litter appears, without giving a new portion of food.
Feeding of feathered chicks and fledglings
As soon as the hens of the first feathers appear in the chick, gradually begin to introduce the feed insects. Insects should be injected by replacing individual feedings with chickens on insects, removing solid parts from mealworms, crickets, locusts. Alternate feeding with liquid mixture, insects, berries and small pieces of fruit.
Cells should be fed every 45 minutes - 12-14 hours a day. The older the chick becomes, the more insects give. When the chick alone can stand on its paws, there is no longer any need for a liquid mixture, but on the condition that you have enough food insects, berries and fruits. Calcium is sprinkled with fruit, insects in it crumble. Sure to! after each feeding it is necessary to feed the bird with water: let's take 2-3 drops in the beak, or more if the chick asks for more.
Correctly fed nestlings of house sparrows at the time of recruitment of the normal mass of adult birds are fully fledged, without scattered tails, bald spots on the head and white spots on primary primary feathers. The mass of an adult house sparrow is 28 grams.
Training Chick: Target and Clicker
If you are not going to release the chick back into nature, then it is important from the very first days when feeding to use the clicker, producing a click reflex. This will help you in the future, when the chick begins to fly, train the chick, increasing its physical endurance. This is an important stage in the life of the chick and it is important not to miss this time.
Teaching a Chick to Self-Nutrition
As soon as the sparrow begins to leave its box on its own: first, it’s time to start teaching it to self-feeding, second, you need to eliminate all the gaps under the furniture, between the furniture and the walls (sparrows like to hide in such gaps and can not give a voice at all , to find a hidden chick is extremely difficult).
The schooling of the chick to the "adult" food begins with an acquaintance of the chick with food. For this, a grain mixture for canaries, or a mixture of seeds of meadow and forest herbs is poured to the bottom of the cage, or an open-air cage. It also puts the pieces of vegetables, fruits, berries, herbs, forage insects, chopped boiled egg, crumbs from dry feed for kittens are thrown. No "forbidden" vegetables or fruits dangerous for the sparrow grow in Eurasia. Since all the same there will be questions I will clarify: the sparrow chick can be given: dill, parsley, cilantro, coriander, beet tops, carrots, radishes, cabbage, apples, cherries, cherries, pears, bananas, potatoes, grapes and other vegetables and fruits, bunches wild herbs and weeds. The first time is a chick, it will tastefully taste everything, with time he will learn how to crack the seeds himself. Especially to teach him yourself there is no need and should not be.
To make it easier for you to clean the cage and replace food, it is best to use non-deep trays. It is also best to give water in shallow, wide containers. The more mature a sparrow becomes, the more forage caps, litter boxes and other methods of enriching the ration and habitat need to be used.
The termination of feeding and the transfer of the chick to self-feed
It is very important not to transfer the chick to their own food ahead of time. The fact that the chick began to peel the grain on its own and become interested in other feeds is not a reason to reduce the frequency of feeding, in nature, the parents finish feeding for a long time after the chicks have already begun to eat themselves. Surely you have seen a string of loudly screaming sparrows flying after parents and begging for food. This is a very important period in life. At this time, the parent birds teach the chicks: what to eat, how to eat, how to avoid dangers, and what is important - such following the parents allows the chicks to gain the necessary physical endurance. Therefore, you now need not just to lay the food in the beak of the chick, but to make it fly for you around the apartment. This is where the training skills that you mastered earlier become relevant. Now you need to fix them - this will help you in the future to solve many problems with the behavior of the bird. Too early translation to self-feeding is fraught with malnutrition and the development of diseases in the chick.
Photo: Chicks in the nest. These are already ready to fly out of the nest of the fledgling, but for a few more weeks they will pester the parents, requiring additional feeding. Photo by Alexandr Maximov.
House sparrow chicks are ready for self-feeding, when they reach a weight of 20-27 grams, fully fledged, tail length 2-3 cm, beak becomes gray-beige and hard, bites become painful, yellow border at the corners of the beak turns pale and becomes little noticeable. Now your chick is not a jaundice.
Begin to reduce the frequency of feeding. Some chicks can change to independent feeding very quickly, literally one day after the frequency of feeding is reduced. Other chicks at this age refuse to eat (do not want to eat) and do not need to feed such gatherings by force. Watch the sparrow’s body weight: if the bird does not lose weight below 21 grams and is active, then everything is fine. If you plan to release a bird in the future, then it is already possible to take it to a street aviary.
Photo: It looks like a healthy sparrow spleton, which can already feed on its own. Pay attention to the condition of the plumage and the corners of the beak. Photo: Slava Druzhinin.
What should not be given to the chicks?
In no case should not give the chicks poisoned flies, cockroaches, crickets. If you find a sluggish or dead fly or cockroach - you can not feed the chicks with them, as the chick will also recover and die.
Do not give insects caught in sticky tape trap.
Нельзя давать фарш из пельменей, беляшей, чебуреков, пирожков, колбасы, сосисок, котлет и т.д.
Нельзя давать молоко, хлеб смоченный в молоке, сыр с пиццы, сухое молоко и детские молочные каши.
Нельзя давать подкисшую, прокисшую, протухшую смесь для кормления.
Не следует предлагать птенцу земляных червяков. Земляные черви являются промежуточными хозяевами для глистов, в частности, для сингамусов, которые приводят к сингамозу.
Нужно ли давать птенцу витамины?
Все витамины даются только по назначению ветеринарного врача, курирующего развитие птенца. Remember, vitamins are not just cool balls or syrup, they are chemical compounds that have their own indications and contraindications. It is especially important to know if you decide to independently give the chick fat-soluble vitamins ADE - an overdose of these drugs is deadly for any bird!
Symptoms of Chick Disease
Slowing down the rate of development of the chick and the rate of weight gain are important signs of disease. Also, it is important to pay attention to the condition of the litter. Normally, litter should be formed, odorless, not liquid, without bubbles. The goiter must be emptied very quickly; one should not allow the swelling of the goiter and its overflow.
If you got into the trachea while feeding and the chick coughed, began to sneeze - contact your bird doctor IMMEDIATELY!
Paws should not disperse. Fingers should be straight.
Photo: This unrailed nestling sparrow, the so-called "splits" - paws due to damage to the tendons are moving apart. If time does not begin treatment of the chick, he will either die at a very early age, or become disabled for life. If you see that the chicks are leaving the chick, immediately contact a veterinarian who specializes in treating birds. Photo: Surya’s Photoblog
Photo: This baby sparrow nestling fell into the hands of a man at a very early age, with its legs spreading. Pay attention to the setting of the paws: the paws are “spread out” to the sides. These are signs of rickets, treatment of chicks with such paws should begin as soon as possible, after you notice the first signs of the disease. In spite of the fact that a correct “nest” was made for this chick, in which its paws did not part even more, the bird remained disabled. Photo source.
Photo: The same chick, as in the photo above, but already grown up. Paws turned out to the sides. Feathers do not open normally. Look at the feathers of the wings and tail: these "needles" should not be. Photo source.
Photo: There should not be bald patches on the head and neck of the chick. The poor state of the plumage, multiple stress lines on the feather, unevenly opening feathers on the tail, lagging development of feathers on the head, paw turned sideways - all these are signs of the sparrow nestling diseases. In the photo the same chick as above. Photo source.
Photo: There should not be stress lines (transverse grooves), areas with no secondary grooves (not a full feather). The color of the plumage should be light brown without white spots. The same chick, but already sletk. Photo source.
Eyes should be clean, clear. Eyelids should not be red.
If you notice signs of malaise in a chick, immediately contact your veterinarian. It is better to once again ask the doctor whether everything is in order than to miss the critical time to start treating the bird.
Is it possible to release a nestling fed by man to nature?
A single-grown sparrow nestling is very strongly tied to the person that fed it; it is possible to adapt such a nestling to the release, if you preoccupy yourself with “running wild”. To do this, do not lisp with the chick, fed and forgotten. During feeding, you should wear bright clothes or clothes with color spots, so that the chick does not concentrate on the person feeding the baby and his voice, but is distracted by bright clothes. When you reach the age of self-feeding - do not show too much interest to the bird, such a racket will quickly run wild and afraid of a person. Of course, for release into nature, it is better to grow at least two chicks at once, so that in the future there will be no problems with socialization, but also a single-fed sparrow can be successfully released - provided it is specially trained. Without adaptation, socialization and training, releasing the nourished nestling into the nature of nelya.
Preparation for release into nature
To prepare for release into nature, an aviary needs at least 1.2 x 2.4 x 2.4, but the more, the better. The enclosure walls are made of solder mesh “animal wrap” with 1 x 1 or 1 x 1.5 cm mesh. It is best to attach the enclosure with one or two walls to the existing buildings, so that the birds have an angle protected from the wind on both sides.
In the aviary it is necessary to create a central zone free from prisad and shelters, where birds can fly. Feeding birds in this aviary is carried out with the maximum possible amount of wild herbs and plants growing in your area. In such an aviary a flock of sparrows contains 1-2 weeks. Before release, all birds must be in good physical shape, fully fledged, the feather must be waterproof, like wild sparrows.
Release to nature
Prepared Birds should be released in the morning, in good weather. It is desirable that the weather forecast for the next few days after the release was also good. It is best to carry out the release, where the flocks of young sparrows already live.
I draw your attention that the issue of nature should be supervised by specialists and it is necessary to prepare for it in advance, as there are a large number of important trifles that are beyond the scope of this article.
Useful video about feeding sparrow chicks on Pernatyk’s life:
1. Hand-rearing birds / Laurie J. Gage, Rebecca Duerr. © 2007 Blackwell Publishing
2. Avian medicine: principles and applications. Ritchie, Harrison and Harrison. © 1994. Wingers Publishing, Inc., Lake Worth, Florida
On the title photo is a healthy, unfinished house sparrow fledgling. Source: User: Rex [Public domain] Wikimedia Commons