Most people mistakenly believe that this bird is only yellow. Most often, they really and give birth as pets. However, in fact, the bird canary is found in three varieties.
- Colored canaries. There are monochromatic and colorful, and just white. If you like exactly white, be careful when you buy: the German line in color is not too clean, and in the offspring can give yellow chicks. Look for the English variety. Interesting and gray canaries. They come from a mix of green and yellow varieties and in shades can vary from silver to matte black. The red canary looks strikingly (a photo of a bird with that color is a little higher) - this color is rarely found in the color of birds. The variegated variety can include any tone, it is usually called harlequin.
- Decorative canaries. They are characterized by non-standard plumage or outlines of the body. Decorative canaries include the following varieties: fife fency, curly, lizard, humpback.
- Singers. In principle, the definition is not quite true, as all canaries sing. Speech can go, rather, about the beauty of their singing. Kenarovods precisely established that dull birds sing best - white, yellow, green (and the green ones are still considered by many to be the best virtuosos). Red canaries are very effective, but their voice is hard to call pleasant. Variegated are good in performance, if scarlet tones in plumage are absent. It is worth considering the fact that only male canaries sings. And he does it all year round (except for the time of molting). But his best songs fall in the period February-March, when he “seduces” a girlfriend. The female canary can be said to sing along: rarely, much shorter and much less musical. However, there are cases when females were taught singing.
Whatever canaries are chosen, the content and care of them is the same. And let the care of them not pose any difficulties, every future owner of these birds must necessarily know the basics and details.
The right house
First of all, you need, of course, a canary cage. Choose it better than a simple form, without decorative excesses, domes and other details. The birds themselves are beautiful and do not need additional accessories, and it will be more difficult to clean the house. What size to buy a cage depends on your goals. For the content of a single canar-singer, it will be enough to have a rectangular cage measuring 45/30/25 cm. If the canaries are to be diluted, you will need as many as three cages:
- described above - it will live in the canary during out of barn time,
- cage 70/30/40 cm, in which the birds will multiply,
- cage up to a meter, where there will be females and the younger generation after nesting.
The ideal choice would be box-type cells. On the one hand, they should be lattice (or mesh), and on the other hand, plywood, plastic or made of Plexiglas. Any canary cage should have two doors: one will hang a nest or a bath (it is easier to clean and change them), and the other to care for the cage.
In the house there must be several poles - canaries love to flip from place to place. Well, if they are made of natural wood - willow, hazel or bird cherry. Perches should be at different heights and have a thickness of 8 to 15 mm, otherwise the birds on them will be uncomfortable. Canary cage must include at least three feeders: for mineral dressing, grain and soft food. The swimming pool is obligatory, the suspension is better - these birds love to “poplyuhatsya in some water”. No hanging - put in a cage at least a ground bath, not too light or attached, so that the canaries do not turn it over. Drinking bowls should be positioned inwards, with anchorages outwards. So it will be more convenient to fill them. That, in principle, is all that canaries need. The maintenance and care of them will consist in cleaning and feeding - as we see, there is nothing difficult in this. The main thing is that everything is done regularly and carefully.
Space for cell
It is very important for the canary, the maintenance and care of which you assumed, to put her house in the right way. Draft is dangerous for colds to birds, so you should not place them near air conditioners and balcony doors, and the window on the selected window-sill should be closed. The kitchen is also banned: humidity and temperature are constantly changing there. Yes, and the smells from cooking and cleaning surfaces to the benefit of canaries will not go. Other pets, if you have them, should not be able to drop the cage or even get to it. In addition, it is desirable that the sun beams on the house - at least briefly: they are useful for birds. In the summer, you can put a cage on the balcony, necessarily drawing a part of the dwelling so that the canaries have a place to hide from the sun.
Since the canary is not a dog that can be brought out into the street so that it “does its job” there, the future owners of this bird should consider in advance the question of how they will perform regular cleaning in the cage. To make your task as easy as possible, you should pave the pallet of your feathered pet's house with something. For this purpose, you can use sand, which absorbs the excrement. It can also be easily replaced if necessary. However, keep in mind that canaries are very active birds, which will probably begin to scatter sand around the cage. Therefore, it is best to forgive the bottom of a hygroscopic paper - and it is easy to change, and there will be less debris.
Release or not?
The last question remains, which concerns your canary. Care and maintenance includes care for her health and safety. So if you arrange a pet walk around the apartment (especially if you have a cat or dog living at home), then you can even lose a feathered friend. Open vents are a risk that the bird will fly away. Hot surfaces like irons and burners also pose a danger to canaries. Moreover, even a curtain in which the bird may become entangled, or a narrow slit from which it will not be able to get out, threatens her with injuries. So most kenarovodov advise not to let the birds out of the cage.
What to feed the canary?
In the wild, the bird itself produces food for itself, paying the necessary attention to grains, greenery and insects. In captivity, she is deprived of the ability to control her diet, so that the owners will have to buy special food for canaries. And it is impossible to replace it with, for example, food for parrots - the composition is not the same. Should choose the average price of feed. During shedding or nesting, the usual food should be replaced with a specialized one: this way the “difficult” periods will be better experienced by birds. In the finished mixture, you can add sunflower seeds and crushed buckwheat. Do not forget that eating canary and soft food. A couple of times a week she will have to give a boiled egg.
Vitamins for health
Just feeding the birds with grain and ready-made mixtures is the same as sitting on oatmeal and pasta all the time. Recall that the canary eats willingly and with pleasure greens. In the summertime, it is easy to pick dandelion, lettuce, sorrel, or young plantain's ear. Off season Bulgarian pepper, apples and grated carrots. In the end, in the same pet store you can buy greens for germination. Only zealous with the amount of vitamins is not worth it, since the bird's stomach can react negatively to such "care".
Minerals - a must!
In the feed for canaries certainly must include some, at first glance, inedible things. First of all, it is a large river sand, necessary for birds for digestion. You can buy it at the pet store. If you do not find it, collect it on the beach and scald several times to disinfect. To provide birds with calcium, ground eggshell or chalk is given (can be hung on a hook). Charcoal is also needed - canaries can be cured in case of indisposition. Perfect fit pharmaceutical charcoal. All these dressings are placed in a dedicated feeder. Do not forget to change them weekly - the birds pollute the contents of the plates.
If you are interested in getting offspring from your pets, decide how you will act. There are three possibilities:
- Create a permanent pair. In this case, the canaries will constantly live in a single cell. This option is particularly suitable for those who have a small “bird farm”.
- If there are several females, the male can be placed next to them. In this case, you need a cell for each canary. Maintenance and care will therefore become more troublesome and more time consuming.
- Equip a spacious aviary, which will contain birds together - 3-4 "girls" for each "guy." In such circumstances, the canaries themselves will deal with their "matchmaking", and will have to clean only one room. Just do not forget to plant males in their cages when nesting is over.
In nature, all mating games begin in the spring - with warming and the emergence of a sufficient amount of food. At home, canary breeding can occur at any time.
We already told about the houses necessary for successful reproduction. Now let's talk about the material for the construction of nests. Segments of thick threads no longer than two centimeters will fit, so that canaries will not entangle their paws. Next to the nest you need to equip an additional perch, on which the female will move before takeoff. Otherwise, it may crush the egg or the chick.
A signal of readiness for pairing will be a short, sharp, inviting song of the Kenar, and the female will respond to it (if she agrees) with a squeak. At the same time, she begins to collect suitable, in her opinion, building materials (twigs, feathers, etc.) and tries to make a nest in some secluded corner. Having noticed these signs, the canaries need to lengthen the daylight hours: later, throw fabric over the cage. At the same time in the diet of birds should increase the proportion of vitamin feed: greens, sprouted grains, vegetables, fruits. If the process of courtship has succeeded in canaries, in a week the first testicle will appear, after which the samochka will continue for 2–3 days.
For two weeks, the newly-minted mother will hatch eggs. The male does not take part in this process. Chicks who are a month old are already completely independent. They are moved to the meter enclosure where they can fly. As soon as it becomes possible to determine the gender of young people, all the males are seated in their own apartments, as they are aggressive towards members of their gender and can fight for injuries. Canary-samochki quite get along in a common cell.
How to transport canaries
Sometimes it is necessary to transport your birds. If transportation is planned for short distances (within the hometown, maximum to the dacha), it can be done by seating canaries in small transport cages measuring 15/7/7 cm. Note that the road should not last more than three hours: the lack of space is bad will affect the birds. To make them feel calmer, you can cover them with a thick cloth - “make the night”. Food and incomplete drinking bowl must be in every cell necessarily.
The owner of the canary must carefully observe his pet in order to determine in time that he is not emaciated or, on the contrary, whether he has recovered or whether the time for molting has come. Other health problems can only be determined by a veterinarian. Find out how to inspect the bird yourself. So, the canary neatly is taken in the palm, its head is fixed with the index and middle fingers, and the body turns upside down with a tum. Very quiet, easy host blows into a place not covered with feathers. It is called apteria. If new feathers or hemp panicles are visible, this means that the bird sheds. You may have to feed it with special food. If the aptery is completely covered with fat, then your canary needs a diet and a more spacious cell transplant - a kind of gym.
Well-groomed, grown in appropriate conditions and normally fed canary (photo convincingly proves this) is extraordinarily beautiful. And you will be happy to sing!
Description of home canary
Canaries are domesticated birds with unique singing. They belong to the subspecies of the canary finch, which hails from the Canary Islands.
They have the correct rounded head, short bowling beak, harmonious proportions and shapes.
Most birds have yellow plumage. This is a classic version. However, breeders have already brought a whole diverse range of canaries with different colors (red, green-yellow, white, chocolate and light brown) and feathering forms (with tuft and distinctive curls).
According to the classification, home canaries are of three breeds:
In turn, decorative subdivided into types:
The nature and habits of the bird
Each bird, like people, has a different character. In general, canaries are gullible, easy to train and love communication. They will use every opportunity to talk with you, family members and other animals. If you decide to have such a pet, then be prepared to forget the silence.
The song of the female is, as a rule, simpler and more primitive than that of the male. The right decision would be to listen to the birds singing during the acquisition.
Specialists on the basis of the Canary canary finch bred about 120 breeds of home canary.
Maintenance and care
First of all, you need to purchase and prepare the cage. Its ideal value per bird is ideally: height - 25-30 cm, length - 30-35 cm and width - 20-25 cm. The distance between two rods should be less than 1.25 cm. The door should be located on the side.
The bottom should be double and retractable (or easily separated from the main part of the cage) for ease of cleaning. It is better to put sand, a special bulk mix or a piece of paper on it. If for the equipment of the cell bottom the choice fell on a piece of paper, then use materials from glossy magazines.
It will not stick to the bottom, and cleaning will take a minimum of time.
It is important to equip the house, pressed with a stone from the shell rock to grind the beak and the pimples: plastic and wooden.
Feeders need at least two: for feed from grain and cereals and for mineral mixture (it must include charcoal). Both can be purchased off-the-shelf at the pet store. Also needed additional feeder or clothespins for green food (carrots, apples, lettuce, cucumber and dandelion leaves). In addition, you should regularly treat canary with pieces of boiled chicken eggs. Another bird needs a drinker, the water in which should be changed daily.
It is better to give preference to filtered (or distilled) raw water.
House canaries love to feast on home flowers: tradescantia, godson and others. They can be specially placed near the cage. However, some domestic plants may be poisonous to them (for example, dieffenbachia), so it is better to remove them altogether from the room where the birds live.
Starting from one month of age, the chick should be accustomed to water procedures. To do this, every day you need to put shallow dishes (a bowl, a plate, a jar of caviar) inside the cage, or install a special bathing unit at the outside of the door with room temperature water. It is necessary to remove and wash everything after the bird is bathed.
Some indoor and garden plants may be poisonous to birds.
The water level in the bath is not more than 3 cm.
Put the cage preferably in a sunny room with a door (but not in direct sunlight). You should choose a place where drafts, high humidity and temperature drops will not threaten the bird.
It is very important at least once a week (better every day) to release the bird from the cage. For starters, it can be 5-10 minutes. Gradually walking time around the room should be increased to one hour. At this time, it is important to monitor the safety of the pet. With patience, you can teach this pet to sit on the hand.
At least 2 times a week should be cleaned and at least once a month to disinfect the cell. To do this, you should get and rinse and pour with boiling water all the drinkers, feeders, kupalki and accessories, replace the paper (sand or a special mixture) on the bottom of the cage, after having washed it.
How and where to buy
The best option will be the last, since, firstly, such a person is solely responsible for the bird, which he sold. Secondly, he treats his pets with full love and responsibility, and, accordingly, provides them with proper care. В-третьих, вы сможете выбрать птичку в спокойной домашней обстановке, предварительно прослушав его вокальные способности.
Певчие птицы максимально раскрывают свои способности при комфортном содержании
Конечно, дешевле приобретать птиц с рук, однако нет никакой гарантии того, что птица будет здоровой. В зоомагазине же часто не осуществляют полноценный уход и не обращают на них особого внимания. As a result, often under the guise of a perfectly singing male, an ordinary female is sold.
In the natural environment, breeding canaries begins towards the end of March. Accordingly, at home spring is a favorable period for mating.
It is important to choose a pair. The age of the male should be from 1 to 5 years, and the females from 11 months to 3-4 years. It is important to take into account that genetically vocal qualities, hearing and susceptibility to the song come from the father, and both parents influence the coloring.
After mating, the birds immediately begin preparing the nest. To do this, you need to purchase (or make yourself) a house, which must be installed outside the cage in the lumen of one of the doors. It is also necessary to put a box with a material for the future nest in the corner of the cage: strings cut into 2 cm, small hay, small pieces of fabric.
Sometimes 2-3 females are planted in the male.
Less than 2 weeks after the nest is ready, the female will lay eggs. Chicks will be born on the 14th day. A few hours after the hatching of the offspring, both parents begin to bring them food in their beak. And by the end of the fourth week, the kids are already independently looking for food and eating.
Possible diseases and their prevention
Diseases such as constipation, diarrhea, colds, vitamin deficiency, diphtheria, injuries, loss of voice and so on are common among home canaries.
The diseased bird should immediately be placed in a separate quarantine cage.
For prevention, it is important to respect the mode of maintenance, the correct location of the cell, maintaining its purity and good nutrition.
Watch your pet!
The bird will become a true friend for all family members and create with its singing a special atmosphere in the house.
The house canary has a slightly larger body size than the natural wild ancestor.. All colored singing domestic canaries are characterized, as a rule, by a maximum body length within 13.5-14.5 cm, but decorative birds of this species are known, having a larger or rather small body.
Canaries are distinguished by harmonious shapes, a rounded and very well-shaped head, as well as the presence of a short and bow-shaped beak. The most famous and common nowadays is the classic yellow plumage.
Nevertheless, already today there is a great opportunity to get a feathered pet with original white, red, chocolate brown or light brown plumage. The red feathers of a canary are the result of crossing a canary with a fiery siskin.
Among other things, some modern breeding forms of canaries have a clearly visible tuft or special curls. The flight path of Canary is undulating, very reminiscent of the flight of a wild finch.
Lifestyle and behavior
The very first and most detailed description of the lifestyle and behavior of a wild canary was presented by the famous German naturalist Carl Bolle more than a century ago.
A small songbird avoids shady forest areas and is found exclusively in sparse vegetation plantations, in shrubs and on forest edges. Very often, canaries inhabit the gardens, and are also able to nest near human habitation.
In the non-nesting period of life, canaries often stay in flocks, and often fly from one place to another in search of food. Wild birds use seeds of various herbaceous plants and greens, as well as some types of berries, including wild or cultivated grapes, for food. The favorite delicacy of birds is poppy seeds and garden salad, as well as half-ripe canary seed.
The birds that feed the offspring prefer to eat small insects, in particular, the shields and black or green aphids.. Even before sunset, wild canaries gather and are sent in a flock to a place to spend the night, as which some fairly tall tree is most often used.
It is interesting! The nesting season begins in February or March, when large flocks of wild canaries disintegrate and pairs of birds begin to form their nests.
The life expectancy of a domestic canary is greatly affected by the surrounding microclimate, including temperature, humidity and lighting. Most often, the average lifespan of a canary in captivity does not exceed twelve years, but lately real feathered long-livers have steadily been encountered, which have crossed the fifteen-year mark.
Selection and filling cells
The choice of cells for Canary must be approached very carefully.. Best for keeping a feathered pet are cages made from hardwood, including beech, oak and ash. It is also allowed to use metal cages that are easy to clean and disinfect.
Recently, increasingly, for the maintenance of canaries purchased houses made of plexiglass. Standard cell sizes can be 30-35х20-22х27-29 cm with a distance between the rods of no more than 12-14 mm. It is best to choose models in which the door is located on the side, and also there is a double sliding bottom part.
The feeder can be installed directly on the cell bottom, but in this case the risk of feed contamination increases, so the installation of traditional retractable feeders is the best option. As a filling of a canary cage, a round perch with a rough surface is most often considered. Group keeping of poultry involves the acquisition of cage cages, as well as a spacious passage cage.
Domestic canaries are very fond of water treatments.. Regular bathing helps cleanse the skin and strengthen the plumage. Water for such bathing must necessarily have a room temperature.
The bathing bag is attached to the outside of the door so that during the procedures the water does not fall into the cage. After water procedures, the bathing room is removed and the door closes. The process of bathing home canary must be taught from an early age.
Important! The cage should be located in a well-lit place, but not in direct sunlight and not where there are drafts, and if the room is closed, then periodically you need to release a feathered pet to fly.
Care and hygiene
Cell cleaning is carried out at least a couple of times a week. At the time of cleaning a pet is required to be transplanted into a carrier or another, clean cell-temporary building.
In the process of cleaning, all inventory, represented by a pallet, feeders, drinkers and poles, must be removed from the cage and rinsed thoroughly with hot water, then scalded with boiling water or disinfected with a strong infusion of chamomile. Clean cage and equipment must be thoroughly wiped or dried thoroughly.
Dry chamomile is poured under the cell tray, and dry and clean river sand is required to fall asleep on the pallet, as well as a thin layer of crushed eggshell, which will serve as a very effective feeding that improves the digestion of the feathered pet. Then feed is poured into the feeders. Water should be clean, drinking, room temperature.
Health, Disease and Prevention
Sick pet must necessarily be deposited in a separate, so-called quarantine cell.
The most common canine diseases can be represented:
- growths on the feet,
- intestinal obstruction
- constipation and diarrhea,
- catarrh of the upper respiratory tract,
- metabolic disorders,
- injuries, fractures and wounds,
- inflammation of goiter,
- liver pathologies,
- loss of voice
- internal and external parasites.
In order to prevent, it is very important to fully comply with the regime of keeping domestic birds in conditions of captivity, maintain purity in the cage and provide the canary with complete, balanced feed. With dramatic changes in the behavior of the bird, the appearance of lethargy or apathy, loss of appetite, as well as violation of the chair, it is very important to get advice from a veterinarian as soon as possible.
Breeding canaries in captivity is not too difficult.. The bird, ready for breeding, shows the main signs of arousal. In this case, the canaries scream and flap their wings loudly, as well as flit from place to place and become very restless. During this period, Kenar begins to sing loudly, but monotonously and shortly, and females actively search for any building material for making the nest.
Breeding canaries can be done in one of two ways:
- The first method of breeding in captivity is as close as possible to natural conditions and is biologically correct. In this case, the presence of a male becomes mandatory at all stages of breeding,
- the second method of breeding in conditions of captivity - kenar is required to be removed from the cage immediately after the female has laid the clutch. In this case, the entire care of the offspring falls entirely on the female.
A pair of canaries ready for breeding must be run in a small-sized cage in which the nesting base is pre-installed. Standard cage sizes with a cage are 50x40x40 cm. The optimum cage diameter is 10 cm at a depth of 5-6 cm. The breeding cage must be installed in the most illuminated part of the room.
The formation of a strong pair for offspring is accompanied by the pursuit of the female by kenar, her feeding and numerous matings. As a rule, the clutch consists of four or five eggs, which are hatched by the female. Embryo development takes about two weeks. The eyes of the chicks open about the fourth or fifth day of life.
Important! Nestlings should be separated from the parent pair only at one month of age, transplanting them into a separate, but not too large cage.
Buying a Home Canary
Bird lovers, breeders and breeders are united by the World Ornithological Confederation or the Confederation Ornitоlioquiche Contemporary (COM). The main objectives of this organization are the preservation of breeds and species of birds, which are derived by man, as well as the preservation of natural gene pools.
A healthy and fully appropriate species of feathered pet can be purchased at the Russian Canary Foundation and the Moscow Canary Club. Buying a bird from the hands is very often associated with the risk of getting a sick pet. It should be noted that the average cost of a male is 4.0-6.5 thousand rubles, and females - just over one thousand rubles.
All types of domestic canaries can be divided into color, as well as choristers and decorative varieties.. A popular and unpretentious feathered domestic pet has undergone significant changes in appearance over several centuries of keeping in captivity, therefore it has significant differences from the wild ancestor - the Canary Canary finch.
As a rule, male canaries or canaries sing very beautifully. The most active singing is observed in the spring, during the breeding season, from February to March. Singing canary almost completely ceases when molting, which occurs in August. As practice shows, females sing much less often, rather shortly and not too melodiously. It is advisable to acquire young canaries who are very easy to learn at home and are able to adopt the style of singing even from other species of birds.
A little about the types of canaries. What exactly do we want?
Of non-specialists, few people know that canaries are singing and decorative. Therefore, if you have a desire to have a canary, be clear about what kind of bird you want to have in the house: a little nondescript and wonderfully singing, or very beautiful, but you will not have to wait for perfect singing. The seller must give advice on the purchase, but in principle, if you choose a bird, and you liked the specimen that sounds the correct trillings with a loud and flattering look, we buy without a doubt, with good content, his singing talent will not deteriorate.
Transporting canary chick home
There are cases when purchased birds suddenly fall ill very soon for no apparent reason. It would seem, and care is good, and the content is perfect, but something is wrong. You need to know (the professional salesperson knows exactly!) That the canary is a very nervous bird and has an extremely weak heart that does not tolerate stress.
Therefore, here are a few strict rules for the care and maintenance of canaries at home. They are very useful buying Canary:
- bird hands miss! It should go into the cage itself (the cage, for example, is covered with a dark cloth, the carrier is moved to the open door, the bird moves there),
- A bought canary is placed only in a cage, it can be in a small one (keeping the bird in such a small cage is unacceptable!). If you carry a bird nearby, a box with lots of small holes is acceptable,
- be sure to pour on the bottom of carrying a bit of the usual feed,
- when the bird was brought home, also no hands, moving to the “native” cage on the same principle as with the purchase,
- we are interested in eating the bird in the store, and we take this feed home.
And now directly about the cage, which has already been prepared in advance and chose a place for it. Canaries can live in not very large cells, but it must necessarily have an even perch with a diameter of about 1 cm. We cushion the bottom of the cage with river sand (by no means sea), and add very finely chopped egg shells to the sand. These birds love to play and dig in the sand, and the shell will "supply" them with calcium.
Cage care and maintenance canaries
Sand clean and change if necessary. Again, when cleaning any hands with a new bird! We clean the pallet (the cage with the pallet is ideal) or we do the cleaning, letting the canary fly, but only if it has already been adapted in the new house. The cage can be from a wooden frame with metal rods (a fully wooden cage will be a hotbed of germs and ticks), or we can buy plastic.
We put the cage where it is light and warm, but not hot and there are no drafts, the high table in the bright corner of the room is optimal. This is the most correct content Ptah.
Another very important thing, knowing that, you will save the canary from possible problems.
Canaries love water, but they can't swim at all! Your bird will rush to the water and can quickly drown.
In addition to a very weak heart, the “canary god” awarded this ringing bird with fragile health: any dirt, even in small quantities, the slightest infection - and the canary can start to hurt. Everyday cleaning and regular disinfection of the cage may seem like a tedious task, but we do the cleaning of the cage from food waste, garbage and feathers every day, and we disinfect the bird's dwelling once a month.
Pre-cleaning the cage from any dirt, wash it first with hot water. Then, for the prevention of peroids and bloodsuckers (they are often at canaries) with a wide brush dipped in a solution of laundry soap, we wipe every corner of the cage. Wash again first with hot, then cold water, dry the cage.
The water in the canary cage should always be perfectly clean!
Use bottled, if raw, then settled. A canary can mix up the drinker with a bather and will want to splash in the drinker, therefore, firstly, the drinker should be much smaller, and second, we monitor the cleanliness of the water in both tanks and change it at the slightest contamination. Drinker necessarily wash every day with hot water and wipe it thoroughly if slime accumulates on its walls - the bird can get sick. As you can see, the content is not so complicated!
Canaries singing and how to fight it sometimes
It is wonderful if you have a singing kenar that pleases you with beautiful trills. Why, canaries are beginning to sing with the onset of daylight, and this is not to everyone's liking, especially in summer, when it dawns early. If you are disturbed by the early “melodies”, cover the cage with a special case for the night. The material for the cover - tight, but well breathable.
Fly - it means live!
The more often a canary flies at home, the better for its health and longevity. We let the canary fly as much as we can, this bird is very smart, and when it gets tired, it will climb back into the cage.
Therefore, it is imperative that before releasing the bird to fly, we pull the tulle back so that light penetrates the room, but the glass is inaccessible.
Neighborhood with other birds
At home, canaries get along well with each other, the only thing to consider is that if a male and a female live together in a cage, the canary will sing less, because he no longer needs to lure the other half, here it is, side by side! Even more bird lovers, who live in the same room not only canaries, but also other representatives of birds, noticed an interesting thing: a parrot loudly screaming or speaking in a sharp voice can spoil the melodious musical gift of the singing canary.
Канарейку невозможно научить разговаривать, а вот петь и развлекать вас эта красивая и неутомимая птичка будет без устали. Весёлая, громкоголосая и подвижная канарейка не даст вам скучать и принесёт массу эстетического удовольствия в домашних условиях.
Как выглядит канарейка
Их внешний вид был впервые описан в конце XIX века немецким исследователем Карлом Болле. В Россию этих птиц привезли из Тироля. The first place to sell canaries of domestic breeding was the Nizhny Novgorod Fair.
The home is different from the outsiders in their free will by their appearance and size. The length of its body is slightly longer than that of wild songbirds. The body of a domestic canary grows in length to 14–14.5 cm, and for people living in the wild it does not exceed 13 cm.
Some canaries are able to grow birds, whose body length, together with the tail, can reach 23 cm.
Common appearance characteristics for wild and domestic canaries:
- elastic body,
- strong beak with a tapered shape and a sharp end,
- wide chest.
Birds have strong bones, well-developed muscles, thin but strong legs. The eyes are fixed, and the neck constantly rotates in different directions. The rounded feathers at the ends have a slight taper, and the tail appears to be trimmed. The normal bird body temperature is 42 ° C.
Wildlife inhabiting canaries have mostly green plumage, it may have a gray tide. On the bird's belly, feathers are cast in yellow. Dark canals can be seen all over the body of canaries, which create the impression of excessive variegation of the common color. Most home canaries have yellow feathers, less common red, white, orange, blue and other colors.
There are more than 12 thousand species and breeds of domestic canaries in the world. All of them are divided into 3 large groups:
Least of all canaries is included in the group of songbirds - there are only 10 species of birds. Of particular value is their voice and ability to reproduce certain sounds and melodies.
Colored divorced at home for new species with an interesting color plumage. The most expensive and valuable birds of this group are canaries of red color.
Ornamental species are used when breeding new bird species to obtain certain characteristics of the body structure.
The quirkiness of the body structure increases the value of poultry for canaries
Birds of this breed got their name because of the peculiar shape of the body - they have an almost vertical posture and a lowered tail, which makes them visually humpback. The bird pulls its neck almost at a right angle. They hold humpback canaries in cells with perches located near the arch.
It was obtained by crossing three species of bird: Scottish, Munich and Belgian and belongs to the group of decorative. They have a large body and vertical posture, head lowered to shoulder level.
Cages for the maintenance of birds choose a rectangular shape, without domes and decorations. Japanese canary is recommended periodically let fly at home.
Russian canary - one of the most singing species of birds
The breed is officially registered in Russia, the most common color of this species is yellow.
Their singing technique is not genetically fixed — each bird has its own style. They are taught to sing with the help of pipes or records of trills of forest birds.
For maintenance in the home using rectangular cells. They are installed in the brightest corner of the room, protected from drafts. There should be no heaters near the cage.
Birds are prone to obesity, so they cannot be overfed.
Advantages and disadvantages
With all its beauty, constant singing can get very annoying.
Singing a canary has a therapeutic effect on a person. In Holland, the treatment of various ailments using bird singing (ornitherapy) is used in official medicine. It is used to treat various diseases of the heart and nervous system. Australians use bird singing to treat joints and the spine. The British with the help of ornithotherapy fight depression.
In the course of numerous studies, scientists have concluded that listening to birds singing for 5 minutes has an effect on the human body that is equal in effect to a 30-minute walk.
The canary is the only bird that can unite the sounds of all other songbirds in its singing.
Her singing can get rid of the following ailments:
- gastrointestinal problems
- high blood pressure.
The disadvantages of the content of canaries include the following:
- the need to let birds fly around the house
- bird-created litter from feed and feathers,
- loud singing.
Canaries start singing at dawn, and their singing can block even the sound of a TV with their sound. While flying around the room, birds climb into various slots from which they are difficult to reach.
Hygiene and swimming
Bathing is a mandatory procedure for maintenance at home. The procedure should be carried out at least 2 times a week in winter, and in the summer - every day. For these purposes, a special bath is used in which warm water is added and briefly placed on the bottom of the cage or suspended from the frame. They teach the bird to swim gradually. The first water treatments start at one month old. You can not bathe the canaries during the incubation of eggs.
Canareica is afraid of swimming and is preparing for it with pleasure.
It is necessary to pay attention to the state of their claws. Too long claws prevent the bird from sitting on the floor. Periodically, they are cut using nail scissors or tweezers, but not too short, because it can cause pain.
Canaries are released daily to fly. Before releasing the bird from the cage, you must:
- close windows and doors
- take the animals out of the room
- remove sharp and hot items.
Especially carefully take care of the birds during their molting. It is very important at this time to give the birds nutrient-enriched feed.
Bird cages are cleaned at least 2 times a week, additional lighting is installed next to them.
Feeding troughs, drinkers, pearls and other equipment are treated with boiling water. As a disinfectant solution, only herbal extracts or potassium permanganate are used. For the preparation of the infusion is better to use chamomile field. Processed items must be dried before installation, the bottom is covered with white paper. Change it at least 2 times a week. As bedding can be used river sand.
Choosing a cage, accessories and toys
For the maintenance of canaries, it is better to purchase double-bottom cells made of stainless steel. The optimal cell size:
- length - 35 cm
- width - 22 cm
- height - 29 cm
- the distance between the rods is 1.5 cm.
The cage door should be located on the side, and place inside:
- Retractable pallet with river sand. It greatly facilitates the process of cleaning.
- Porcelain drinkers with a height of 5 cm and a diameter of 10 cm.
- 3 feeders.
- 2–3 round perches with a thickness of at least 1.5 cm from fruit trees.
- Flat bath for swimming.
Before installing the pits in the cage, they must be scalded with boiling water and dried.
How to breed canaries at home
Before mating, the male actively cares for the female.
For breeding canaries at home pick up a couple aged 1 to 4 years. Birds must be energetic and healthy.
During the mating period, canaries are given an enhanced diet, which includes a large amount of greenery, and a boiled egg is given 2-3 times a week.
The bottom of the cage is covered with straws or grass - birds make a nest of them, in which the female begins to lay eggs a week after mating.
How to determine the sex of birds
There are 3 ways to distinguish Canary from Canary:
- According to external signs. The female has a tail 0.5 cm shorter than the male. The cloaca of canar has a cylindrical shape; it is flat in a canary.
- By singing. Males make deeper and longer sounds. Singing females jerky, like whistling or cooing.
- By behavior. If the bird is put on its back with a palm and runs its finger along the abdomen, then the male will begin to kick and try to break free of the hands, and the female will only squeeze the legs.
The best time for mating is March or April. By this time, the birds begin to cook in about a month. They are heavily fed and every day give plenty to fly. The light day of the birds is gradually adjusted to 14-15 hours.
Designed for mating cells should have a wooden veneer at the bottom, the temperature in the room should not be below 15 ° C. Relative air humidity - 60–70%.
After mating, canaries start laying 1 egg per day. In total, they can bring from 3 to 5 eggs. The chicks begin to hatch on day 13 after the start of incubation. In order for the female not to leave the nest during hatching, the cage is installed in the zone of constant illumination. If the female refuses to incubate chicks, you can use a home incubator.
How to care for newborn chicks
The eyes of the chicks begin to open on the 10th day after their birth. On day 12, their wings spread out, and on day 18, the chicks leave the nest. From the moment of birth, the female feeds them with a mixture of crushed seeds and boiled eggs, which are poured into a cage on paper.
Chicks canary chicks immediately after separation from the females are separated by sex and placed in otsadnye cells. This is necessary so that young females do not interfere with chirping males.
In colored canaries separated chicks with a pronounced dark and light color plumage. If this is not done, then the dark chicks will pluck their bright fellows.
Strengthened, fully fledged and learned to self-hunt the seeds of the chicks are placed in a spacious cage. Regular flights of birds help to develop and strengthen their body.
How to tame
For the canary to stop being afraid, in addition to the hands, it is important to accustom the canary to the sound of your voice,
The lonely canary is easiest to train, and it is easier to make contact with the male than with the female. The main thing in the process of domestication - do not rush. Every day, you need to approach the cage with the bird and talk to it in a quiet calm voice. She needs time to get used to and believe that she is afraid of anything.
The second stage of the process of domestication should be the landing of the bird on the palm. It needs to be stimulated by top dressing. Having mastered and got used to the person, she will do it without fear.
How many live at home
With proper care and feeding, canaries can live in captivity up to 15 years. The average duration of a bird is 9–12 years.
Reasons for reducing the lifetime:
- poor nutrition
- insufficient lighting,
Birds do not perceive drafts and low temperatures.
How to call a bird
The name of a bird can be chosen according to its character, behavior or color. The most common is Kesha.
If it is difficult to determine the gender of the canary, neutral names are chosen. For example, Acchi, Bass, etc. The choice also depends on the owner's imagination. The movable bird can be named Zhivchik or Shustrik.
For ptahi with yellow plumage, the name Lemon or Dandelion is suitable. Sly canary can be called a crook. Very often use the modified names or surnames of their owners. For example, Ivanov - Ivanka or Vanechka, Alexander - Alex or Alex. The name can be the season or the month in which the bird was born.
Keeping canaries brings home not only trouble, but also joy. Do not make canaries for those who are not ready for their early singing and do not know anything about how to care for them.