Insects

Description of bee venom: the benefits and harm

There is very little pleasant in the bee’s bite, because the stung place starts to hurt a lot, and after the swelling, the resulting edema can last for several days. However, few people know that bee stings treat dangerous diseases. What are the beneficial and harmful properties of bee venom?

Use bee venom

Even in ancient Rome, it was known that the insect poison has a unique composition and is an effective analgesic, whose performance is hundreds of times higher than the properties of many painkillers. It's all about adopin, bio-substance, which is part of bee venom and enters the human body through a bite. In addition to it, in the bee's venom there are cardiopeptides that thin the blood, thereby contributing to the improvement of blood circulation, which is the key to good cardiovascular health. Peptide melitin has an antibacterial effect on the body, and apamim improves the functioning of the nervous system. The amino acids contained in the bee venom contribute to the effective work of the human brain and the production of serotonin, a hormone that improves mood and makes it more active.

Due to the fact that bee venom has a beneficial effect on the body, it is used for courses of apitherapy, which is prescribed for diseases such as myositis, plexitis, sciatica and cervical osteochondrosis. Also, this type of therapy has proven to be effective in the treatment of sleep disorders, neurosis, depression and nervous exhaustion.

With the help of bee venom, hypertension can be defeated, since the biological substances in its composition reduce cholesterol levels and dilates blood vessels, dissolving the formed blood clots.

Harm of bee venom

The composition of insect venom includes not only biologically useful substances, but also histamine, which in large quantities in the blood, can cause anaphylactic shock, in which vomiting, loss of consciousness and muscle cramps are observed in humans. For the onset of such symptoms, a bite of 50 bees is sufficient. In the case of the bite of several insects, histamine provokes the onset of an allergic reaction and the appearance of edema at the site of the bite. It is extremely dangerous for a person if the bee bites him in the throat or tongue, because the mucous edema appears after the bite and asphyxia can begin later

If the number of insects reaches 100 to 300, severe intoxication will begin to develop in the body, which is characterized by a drop in blood pressure, diarrhea, prolonged vomiting and pain in the heart. Unless a person arrives in such a state in time of assistance, serious consequences for his health are likely. Death can occur after the bite of 500 bees.

It's no secret that bee bites are always painful. During a bite, the tip of the sting digs into the skin. The bee flies away, but the sting remains in the skin and continues its action. The bee stinging device consists of:

  1. Sting
  2. Poison bag
  3. Two poison glands

Due to the fact that the muscles contract, the sting penetrates deeper into the wound, gradually squirting poison into the skin. Just the very time to speculate about the benefits and harms of bee venom.

If you are allergic, it is advisable to get rid of the sting as soon as possible. But if you are a supporter of the therapeutic effects of bee venom, then you can wait up to 10 minutes. During this time, the poison will completely enter your body - approximately 0.2-0.3 ml.

First, let's focus on the positive point. Why is bee venom a cure? What is useful in poison? How does bee venom affect the body as a whole?

The benefits of bee venom and its effects on the body:

  • Increased hemoglobin levels
  • Normalization of blood clotting,
  • Improving metabolism
  • Lowers blood pressure
  • Dilates capillaries and small arteries,
  • Increases body tone,
  • Performance
  • Improves appetite / sleep.

In addition, the benefits of bee venom will be much greater if it is combined with recreational procedures, such as sun / air baths, swimming. The fact is that during these health procedures the effect of bee sting increases, the use of which affects the body's metabolic processes. Moreover, due to additional procedures, infiltrates quickly dissolve after a healing bee sting.

Structure of bee venom

The composition of bee venom is truly unique. Despite constant research by scientists, the poison and its effect on humans has not yet been fully studied. There are many more things to be revealed! Today, we know that the venom contains protein compounds - polypeptides, protein hydrochloride, acid lipids, toxins, amino acids (18 of which are considered essential), biogenic amines, enzymes (phospholipase A2, hyaluronidase, acid phosphatase, lysophospholipase, a- glucosidase), aromatic and aliphatic compounds and bases. We should not forget about carbohydrates, fructose, glucose, magnesium, calcium, hydrogen, nitrogen, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, iodine, hydrogen, chlorine and many other elements.

If we consider the composition from the point of view of inorganic acids, then in the venom there are: formic, hydrochloric, orthophosphoric, as well as acetylcholine. They are responsible for the strong burning sensation at the bite of an insect.

The entire chemical composition of bee venom is a result of the formation of compounds with pronounced biological properties, each of which has its own specialization, but they act wholly, strengthening and supplementing each other.

Bee venom - contraindications

But, as you know, everything useful has not only advantages, but also its disadvantages, which you should also be aware of. Otherwise, the consequences can be very sad. Unfortunately, not everyone knows that there can be harm from bee venom. Therefore, let us take a closer look at the harm that bites bees can cause and for whom poison is contraindicated.

  • People with sensitivity to poison (apitoxin)
  • Tuberculosis
  • Venereal diseases
  • Psychical deviations
  • Infectious diseases
  • Pancreatitis
  • Diseases of the liver and biliary tract
  • Addison's Disease
  • Hematopoietic disorders, blood disease
  • Oncology
  • Nephrolithiasis (kidney disease), nephrosis, pyelitis, nephritis
  • Individual intolerance (idiosyncrasy)
  • Heart failure
  • Pregnancy
  • Menstruation period

As you can see from the list, contraindications are enough to consult a doctor before you start using bee venom as a medicine.

Whatever it was, the use of poison must be preceded by a bioassay for the presence of allergies. It should also be borne in mind that bee venom during pregnancy, lactation, as well as its use by children can cause increased sensitivity to the poison and its drugs. Self-treatment with bee venom can harm your health!

And now let's focus on how health can be caused by bee sting. Let's start with the fact that every organism perceives poison very individually. The reaction to bee venom depends on many factors. First of all, this is the number of bites and the place of the bite. Simply put, if a person is completely healthy, then he can be stung by up to 10 bees at the same time, and, as they say, nothing will happen to him. But if the body is weakened and needs to be treated for a disease, the outcome of the bite may not be so helpful. And in the case of a strong allergic reaction, even death is possible.

  • The lethal dose to humans is the simultaneous sting of 500 bees.
  • Poisoning with bee venom - 200-300 bites (causes severe poisoning: vomiting, diarrhea, high temperature, lowering blood pressure, seizures).

First aid for bee sting

If an unpleasant story happened to you, and you were bitten by bees, you need to act quickly and competently! What needs to be done?

  1. Tweezers remove all sting.
  2. Places of bites abundantly smear with ammonia, vodka, iodine, onion juice, wormwood, garlic, honey, parsley juice (to some extent destroy the poison).
  3. Take inside antihistamines (diphenhydramine, suprastin). If you do not have the right medication on hand, give the victim a drink of milk or kefir.
  4. Attach ice to the bite. If there is no ice, a towel dipped in cold water will do. Cold will relieve pain and swelling. If the bee stung you in the mouth, ice cream is the thing you need!

So that you do not have to cope with the consequences, you need to know the rules of behavior in the habitats of bees. First, do not swing your arms sharply in order to drive the bees away. Do not move too vigorously through the apiary. Keep calm, let all your movements be monotonous and not too sharp. Secondly, do not go to the apiary with alcoholic beverages or even drunk.

Bees do not tolerate the smell of alcohol, petroleum products, garlic and the smell of poison from dead insects.

The dignity of bee venom is difficult to overestimate. When dying after being bitten, the industrious bee leaves a certain gift with special healing properties for humans. Apitherapy is now experiencing an extraordinary rise. And it's time to think about the safety and efficacy of this method of treatment.

The content of the article:

The use of bee venom (apitherapy) for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes has been traced since antiquity. The uniqueness of the properties of this substance was first noticed by beekeepers due to their direct contact with bees. Further research has contributed to the emergence of a number of poisonous medicines. The reason for such frequent use of bee venom in medicine is its general healing effect, aimed at individual organs and the human body as a whole.

A substance produced by a bee during a bite consists of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, peptides, various acids (amino acid, phosphoric, hydrochloric acids) and minerals (magnesium, phosphorus, copper, calcium).

They are, without doubt, considered the basic healing element of bee venom. For example, methylin peptide has antibacterial properties, apamin is responsible for the stimulation of the nervous system, and cardioptids - for cardiovascular. Nevertheless, the poison of the bee can be a health hazard due to the content of a certain amount of histamine. These substances can cause all sorts of inflammatory symptoms and in some cases lead to an allergic reaction of particular severity.

Since bee venom is not divided into fractions in the process of a bite, the ingress of harmful substances into the blood along with the useful ones cannot be avoided. Therefore, the use of this product in its original form or as a poisonous ointment is contraindicated in people prone to allergic reactions. For the rest, apitherapy may even be much more effective than traditional medical treatment.

Apitherapy helps for people suffering from myositis, plexitis, neuralgia, radiculitis and cervical osteochondrosis. The combination of this procedure with reflexology increases the effectiveness of treatment. Reflex therapy is a direct bee sting in previously provided acupuncture points.

A large ratio of amino acids helps to improve brain function and has a beneficial effect on the production of the hormone of joy - serotonin. Thus, the method of using bee venom can successfully treat neuroses, depression, fatigue, nervous exhaustion and sleep disturbance.

Apitherapy is used quite often in the fight against diseases such as hypertension, heart attack, as well as stroke. The achievement of this effect is provided by the substances that are part of bee venom, which are capable of dissolving blood clots, dilating blood vessels and lowering the level of cholesterol in the blood.

Bee venom can also cope with osteosclerosis, weakened immune systems, arthritis and gout. The positive effect of the treatment of the last two diseases is based on the activation of the adrenal glands by bee venom, as a result of which the production of a strong anti-inflammatory hormone, cortisol, increases.

Treatment with apitherapy is prohibited not only for allergy sufferers, but also for patients with various neoplasms (uterine fibroids, cysts of the mammary gland and ovaries, etc.). Even the smallest dose of bee venom promotes the growth of tumors and in some cases leads to their rebirth.

Patients suffering from diabetes of all types are not recommended to engage in treatment with apitoxin (bee venom), since the sugar in the blood can react abnormally to it in the form of atrophy and necrosis.

In case of kidney diseases, apitherapy threatens with an attack of renal failure, and in diseases of the heart, it can cause heart failure, since an already weakened body does not stand up to vascular stimulation.

Deadly danger is bee venom for people with diseased liver, which is explained by the reduced detoxification ability of the organism and its inability to remove the poison.

Given all the previously studied nuances, with the help of the apitherapy procedure, you can achieve invaluable results. But it brings benefit only in the case of a systematic consistent application of procedures and a preliminary determination of the necessary places for a bite.

Many people do not even suspect that bee stings not only do not harm the body, but also benefit the person. To date, bee venom is used in the treatment of many diseases, because it increases the amount of hemoglobin and improves metabolism, reduces blood clotting, lowers blood pressure, increases tone, performance, stabilizes sleep and appetite.

Speaking in academic terms, bee venom is a product of the secretory activity of the glands of worker bees. Its scientific name is apitoxin. In Russia, the method of beekeeping was used in the 19th century in the treatment of rheumatism and gout. It was already widely spread in the USSR in the 60s of the last century. At present, this method has been thoroughly studied and polished, and a lot of statistical data have been obtained that testify to the successful medical use.

Thus, treatment with bee venom has a good scientific base and is approved by official medicine.

This is a complex substance whose chemical composition includes enzymes, proteins, amines (histamine, choline), volatile oils, acids (hydrochloric, phosphoric, formic).

Biologically active substances that are part of bee venom, are divided into 3 groups:

  1. Proteins with enzymatic properties - phospholipase A2, hyaluronidase and acid phosphatase.
  2. Biogenic amines: histamine, dopamine and norepinephrine.
  3. Toxic polypeptides: melitin, apamine, MCD peptide, tertiapine, sekapin, histamine-containing penta and tetrapeptides.

The composition of bee venom includes 18 essential amino acids: alanine, valine, glycine, serine, trionine, lysine, arginine, glutamic and aspartic acid, and others.

The most effective treatment with bee venom was in diseases of the peripheral nervous system (radiculitis, neuritis), joints, as well as in rheumatism and allergic diseases.

In addition, the use of bee venom has been proven in a dozen other diseases and has found application in cardiology, gastroenterology, endocrinology, pulmonology, urology, and even psychiatry.

Here are just a few of the selective healing properties of this beekeeping product:

  • reduces cholesterol,
  • enhances the action of enzymes and hormones
  • contributes to the rapid accretion of bones,
  • reduces the temperature
  • positive effect on the central nervous system,
  • boosts immunity
  • used for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases: peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, colitis, gastritis, cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, chronic hemorrhoids,
  • has anti-inflammatory action,
  • improves sexual function
  • improves hearing, memory and vision.

Contraindications

When used ineptly, bee venom can cause damage. Therefore, it should be applied strictly metered. In principle, a healthy person can bear the simultaneous bite of 15 bees without consequences. Anything more than that is harmful.

In addition, there are other contraindications for the use of bee venom:

  • individual intolerance,
  • acute and chronic infectious diseases,
  • diseases of the cardiovascular system, liver, pancreas and kidneys,
  • stomach ulcer in the period of exacerbation,
  • severe forms of bronchial asthma,
  • pregnancy, breastfeeding,
  • type 1 diabetes,
  • crayfish,
  • sexually transmitted diseases,
  • month post vaccination period.

How to use

There are several ways:

  • sting by bees in special laboratories under the supervision of a physician,
  • intradermal administration of ready-made ampoule preparations of bee venom,
  • rubbing ointments,
  • resorption pills.

The best option is the first. If this is not possible, then you should use ready-made preparations containing bee venom. For example, virapin, apizartron, apifor, forapin, apitoxin, ungapivn, apikur. Follow the instructions for use.

Main bee products and their properties

  • nourishes all body structures
  • quickly activates the body's immune systems,
  • restores vitality well
  • увеличивает число эритроцитов в крови и повышает уровень гемоглобина,
  • обеспечивает суточную потребность организма в минеральных и питательных веществах,
  • excellent drug
  • purposefully acts on the source of infection,
  • has a good antiviral effect,
  • has a large set of useful macro and microelements,
  • improves blood circulation processes
  • improves the body's metabolism
  • promotes immunity
  • contains a large amount of beneficial proteins,
  • strengthens immunity well
  • quickly restores the surface of damaged tissues
  • improves blood circulation and metabolism
  • normalizes pressure
  • significantly increases brain activity
  • concentrates attention
  • increases the body's resistance to the effects of viral and infectious agents,
  • activates the body's defenses during stressful situations
  • stabilizes pressure
  • a positive effect on the cardiovascular and reproductive systems,
  • strengthens immunity well
  • relieves muscle pain
  • relieves sore joints
  • struggling with migraine
  • is a powerful biological stimulant
  • contains gamma globulin, which protects the body from the penetration of viruses, microbes and pathogenic flora,
  • improves the absorption of vitamin C,
  • improves the metabolic processes in the body,
  • activates the body's vitality,
  • has a beneficial effect on the nervous system
  • stimulates the activation of the immune forces of the body,
  • is a preventive and drug to combat various types of diseases
  • contains a full set of amino acids, vitamins and trace elements necessary for normal functioning of the body,
  • is a drug for diseases of the respiratory, digestive and vascular systems,
  • positive effect on the fight against cancer
  • valuable raw materials for industry
  • is a component for cosmetic and pharmacological production
  • relieves spasms and pain response,
  • has a vasodilator effect,
  • nourishes the tissues and structures of the body
  • restores damaged tissue

All bee products are unique. Honey is the most famous and “delicious” product of beekeeping, as well as an indispensable source of nutrition for the cells of the body. Due to the amazing mineral and vitamin composition, pollen is a source of youth. Bee venom - a source of longevity, royal jelly - energy, and wax - beauty. Perga is able to restore the body.

Of all the products of beekeeping, treatment with bee venom has received the greatest distribution. He is quite deservedly considered the "heritage" of traditional medicine. He is often called the "natural healer."

The healing power of bee venom

One of the most effective means of modern medicine is bee venom, the use of which was first discovered during the time of the existence of ancient civilizations - Interfluve, Ancient India and Ancient Greece. Already in those days, it was successfully used as an anesthetic and warming agent.

The main impact of bee venom is directed to the nervous, vascular and immune systems, as well as pain centers.

What are the main properties of bee venom?

Bee venom is a powerful biological stimulant. It has a number of basic properties that ensured its popularity in the form of a drug:

  • normalizes heart rate,
  • has a vasodilator effect,
  • increases the permeability of the vascular wall,
  • has a pronounced antibacterial effect,
  • blocks the center of inflammation,
  • It has a direct effect on pain centers and blocks them,
  • can be used as a disinfectant,
  • possesses well-defined radiation-protective properties,
  • it is a kind of building material that is able to restore the destroyed membrane of nerve fibers, contributing to the restoration of normal transmission of nerve impulses in organs and tissues,
  • actively restores muscle tone.

Such a large variety of properties of bee venom, of course, is determined by its unique composition.

What is part of the poison?

The basis of bee venom is a complex protein complex, which conditionally consists of three protein fractions:

  1. Zero fraction (F-0) - includes non-toxic proteins that serve as the basis of the poison.
  2. The first fraction (F-1) is represented by melittin, which is the active principle of bee venom. It is very toxic and contains 13 amino acids.
  3. The second fraction (P-2) is a source of phospholipase A and hyaluronidase. They are the basis of the mechanism of action of poison and determine the body's reaction to its influence.

Considering the chemical composition of bee venom, we can distinguish its main components:

  1. Hyaluronidase is an enzyme that breaks down blood and tissue structures and levels cicatricial formations. Causes severe allergic reaction.
  2. Phospholipase A - for the human body is a powerful antigen and allergen. It disrupts the processes of tissue respiration, converts phospholipids into toxic substances.
  3. Phospholipase B, or lipophospholipase, - turns toxic compounds into non-toxic, restores lysolecithin, reduces the activity of phospholipase A.
  4. Acid phosphatase - a protein with a complex structure, does not exhibit toxic effects.
  5. Amino acids - in the composition of bee venom contains 18 of 20 amino acids.
  6. Inorganic acids - hydrochloric, orthophoric, formic acid.
  7. Histamine and acetylcholine - contribute to an increase in vascular permeability and expansion of their diameter.
  8. Trace elements - phosphorus, copper, calcium, magnesium.

The mechanism of action of bee venom

Phospholipase A affects lecithin, breaks it down and forms part of the cell walls. At the same time, many cells are partially destroyed, and some even undergo complete disintegration. The effect of phospholipase A is also directed on red blood cells, which causes their complete hemolysis. At this point, hyaluronidase increases the permeability of blood vessels, accelerating the rate of absorption of bee venom and enhancing its toxic effect.

Methods for obtaining bee venom

In central Russia, the collection of bee venom begins in the second half of May and ends in early July. It can also be collected after the end of the honey collection in late July and early August. Poison can be collected no more than once every twelve days. On average, from one bee you can get from 0.4 to 0.8 mg of poison.

There are several ways to get bee venom:

    With the help of a receiver:

- using a plexiglass container, this method provides an opportunity to get the poison in its pure form,
- using a can with distilled water, the resulting poison is characterized by high purity.

  • Sleep insects ether.
  • Electric stimulation or "milking bees".
  • Mechanical extraction of the bee sting.
  • Ways of introducing bee venom into the body

    There are several methods and methods of introducing poison into the human body:

    • exposure through the skin by rubbing ointments based on bee venom,
    • intradermal administration of poison solutions,
    • electro- and phonophoresis,
    • sting by living bees,
    • inhalation of bee venom vapor,
    • resorption pills.

    Bee sting treatment

    Since ancient times, it is known that bee stings have a beneficial effect on the human body. Hippocrates used bee sting treatment for the treatment of various diseases.

    Apitherapy was first used in 1930. Today, it is successfully used to treat diseases of the peripheral nervous system - radiculitis, neuralgia, neuritis, rheumatism and joint diseases of various etiologies.

    Recently, apitherapy acupuncture has gained great popularity. In this case, the introduction of bee venom is made in certain biological points. The effect of poison on the acupuncture points is due to the accumulation in them of the main nerve receptors and "mast cells" that have a direct connection with the central organs. This effect activates the production of a variety of enzymes - histamine, heparin, serotonin.

    Apitherapy acupuncture is widely used in rheumatism, polyarthritis, diseases of the peripheral nervous system, vascular and hypertensive diseases, trophic ulcers, inflammatory processes, and migraines.

    When conducting apitherapy, it is important to comply with a number of generally accepted requirements:

    1. A gradual increase in the dose of poison administered. If the patient has an allergic reaction to 5-6-fold stings of bees, treatment should begin with 2-3 individuals. At the same time, it is required to gradually increase the time spent for the sting in the body, which will ensure gradual addiction to the allergen.
    2. Strict diet. During treatment, a milk-vegetable diet is required. The use of alcoholic beverages, spices and high fat foods is strictly prohibited.
    3. Bee venom treatment is not allowed immediately after eating.
    4. After medical procedures it is forbidden to take a bath, sunbathe and exercise.
    5. The rest time after the treatment session should be at least 1 hour.
    6. During the treatment process it is necessary to arrange a day off once a week.
    7. To increase the effectiveness of treatment, it is recommended to ingest other bee products.

    There are generally accepted treatment regimens for apitherapy, and for each individual disease developed its own individual scheme. In hypertension, acupuncture points are located on the outer surfaces of the upper and lower extremities, the use of no more than 4 bees is allowed, the treatment is carried out with a frequency of 2 times a week. In case of surface sacral radiculitis, bees are placed on the lumbar region and the sacrum in the amount of 8-12 pieces. When eye diseases affect the acupuncture points located in the temples, while using 2-4 bees. To strengthen the immune system, bees are placed on the outer surface of the thighs once every 4-5 days. The exposure time of the poison on the body averages 5-10 minutes depending on the type of the disease.

    Bee sting treatment should be carried out only under the supervision of a physician. This will help avoid negative effects from bee venom and reduce the risk of an allergic reaction. Bee venom is a powerful allergen, in some cases it can even cause the development of anaphylactic shock. Only a doctor will be able to calculate the dose and time of exposure to poison, because each person is different, which requires a special approach in each case. In addition, before apitherapy should be tested for an allergic reaction to bee venom.

    The use of bee venom in medicine

    The venom used successfully to treat a huge variety of diseases, such as occlusive disease, atherosclerosis, peripheral vascular disease, chronic infections, trophic ulcer, thrombophlebitis, furunculosis, dermatitis, psoriasis, hypertension, sciatic disease, femoral and other nerves, rheumatism and revmatioidny arthritis, allergic diseases - hay fever and urticaria, eye disease.

    Bee sting, the benefit of which for human health is simply unique, is the basis of many drugs. Preparations Apifor, Apicosan, Apicurus, Apizatron, Apigen, Forapin, Virapin - this is not the whole spectrum of medicines that have become widely known in medicine.

    In our country, ointment based on bee venom is very popular. Gels and creams are also well established, where poison acts as an active active ingredient.

    Means "Sophia" with bee venom - a cream used for swelling and inflammation of the joints. It normalizes the course of metabolic processes in the joints and increases the nutrition of damaged tissues. After its application, mobility of joints is restored and the range of movements performed by them increases. The cream must be applied directly to the site of inflammation.

    Also, the bee venom 911 balm has proven itself well. It can be used for osteochondrosis, radiculitis, arthrosis, arthritis and gout.

    It has amazing properties that allow in a short time to reduce the pain response, and then completely eliminate the focus of inflammation. The main properties of the gel:

    • quickly reduces pain and relieves swelling of joints,
    • stimulates recovery processes in cartilage tissue and increases the production of synovial fluid,
    • has a noticeable anti-inflammatory effect,
    • has antibacterial properties,
    • exhibits antirheumatic properties,
    • normalizes metabolic processes in the joints,
    • restores mobility of joints.

    Bee sting means ointment (instructions require careful adherence to all conditions of use to eliminate the possibility of a negative allergic reaction), which actively fights osteochondrosis, osteoarthrosis, rheumatism, arthritis, radiculitis, myositis and neuralgia. It has a pronounced anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. Well removes puffiness and accelerates healing processes. It has a warming effect on the damaged joint and contributes to the normalization of metabolic processes in it.

    It is worth noting that, regardless of the forms of release, bee venom, the price of which varies between 70-150 rubles and is available to all citizens of our country, perfectly displays all its beneficial properties and has a beneficial effect on the body.

    Negative effects of bee venom

    Do not forget that the properties of bee venom are not limited to the beneficial effects on the body. He also has pronounced hemorrhagic and hemolytic properties. In addition, it has a neurotoxic and histamine-like action.

    With single stings, the body most often reacts with a local inflammatory reaction that takes place within 24-48 hours. When multiple sting occurs severe toxic intoxication, which can be fatal.

    First aid for intoxication with bee venom

    When stinging, it is important to quickly remove the bee's sting; for this, use a pair of tweezers. The wound must be treated with a solution of ammonia or tincture of calendula. After that, calendula-based ointment should be applied to the wound. Additionally, above the point of stinging, you can apply a tourniquet for 30-40 minutes and apply a cold to the affected area. With a high degree of intoxication should immediately consult a doctor.

    Bee products, including bee venom, are a unique creation of nature, which has become a real discovery for mankind. Their great benefits and amazing properties have provided great popularity not only as a source of nutrients, vitamins and minerals, but also medicines that have won universal appreciation and fame among the inhabitants of our planet.

    The composition and properties of bee venom

    The bee venom, which has arisen due to the work of the thread-like glands, has a rich composition and has the ability to be both a killer and a doctor. Everything depends on its concentration and rules of use. In huge portions of poison contributes to the occurrence of allergic reactions, suffocation, as well as edema. As for specially calculated doses, it can cure some diseases. However, this will be discussed later.

    The uniqueness of the substance in its rich composition. Just think, in nature there are only 20 essential amino acids, where eighteen of them are in the secret of the bee. In addition, it contains carbohydrates, proteins, inorganic acids and fats.

    Nowadays a scientist The effects on the organism of the protein preparation “Melittin” are known for sure; it is this substance that provokes an inflammatory reaction after the insect has made a bite. However, in addition, its use makes it possible to lower blood pressure, and helps in the fight against certain pathogenic microorganisms. Melittin leads to the expansion of blood vessels, so it is added in the production of drugs that are intended for the treatment of atherosclerosis.

    Another component of the poison is Phospholipase A2, it is used to improve blood clotting parameters.

    Now famous use of the drug "hyaluronidase", which is also contained in the composition of bee venom. It is considered a powerful allergen.. It is this substance that the human body reacts after receiving a bite. However, this substance has a beneficial effect on human skin. For this reason, it is part of almost all drugs for rejuvenation, the fight against hematomas and renewal of the skin.

    In the poison are still such substances:

    In general, the composition depends on the age of the bee, the type of feeding and the method of production. The concentration and purity of the poison depends on the method by which it was collected.

    Receiving bee venom

    Collecting insect venom - This is a responsible, serious and to some extent unsafe craft. Because of this, this case must be carefully prepared. The first step is to learn the collection technique itself, and then proceed to the preparation of the necessary equipment.

    The collection can be done in two ways:

    1. Electric,
    2. Manual or mechanical.

    Assembling the poison produced in the apiary. Beekeeper in advance запасается особыми приборами и устройствами:

    • Стёклышко,
    • Пинцет,
    • Широкая пробирка,
    • Ядосборник,
    • Бумага для фильтрации,
    • Ящик,
    • Индукционная катушка,
    • Персиковое масло,
    • Плёночка,
    • Аккумулятор,
    • Специальное приспособление,
    • Проволока.

    Почти все пасечники собирают яд своими руками. To do this, they take an insect and, using tweezers, gently press it to the glass. Due to this, a secret begins to be released from the gland, which is poison, and the sting remains, therefore, the insect does not perish. There is another method - the collection of bee venom by placing an insect on the film, which serves for wrapping the vessel with peach oil. Bees sting cellophane and die, and the poison goes down to the bottom.

    Recently, the use of the electric method of collecting poison has gained popularity. Almost all craftsmen can independently build such a device, but it can be purchased at beekeeping stores. This electrical device for collecting bee venom was discovered in the 60s and throughout the time passed through many improvements. It not only makes it possible to save the life of insects, but also to collect the necessary amount of pure concentrated bee venom.

    Now in beekeeping this direction collects giant revenue. The price of bee venom in its pure form is quite high and ranges from 600 to 2 thousand rubles per 1 g (1 bee can yield from 0.2 to 0.7 g of a substance) based on its quality.

    Innovative pharmaceutical industry offers a number of medical drugs, which include bee venom, the cost of drugs is much lower, but it also depends on many reasons:

    Bee venom: useful properties

    The introduction of apitoxin for therapeutic purposes is based on powerful antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and anti-pain properties of the product. Bee venom is one of the most powerful antibacterial drugs. The product has a destructive effect. against many different microbes, for example:

    • Tuberculosis pathogens
    • E. coli,
    • Diphtheria,
    • Tifa
    • Streptococcus
    • Staphylococcus.

    Bee venom can have a beneficial effect on general health, increases body tone, increases stamina, working ability, restores sleep, strengthens appetite, regulates the central nervous system, has an expanding effect on capillaries and blood vessels, stimulates the blood supply of unhealthy organs, relieves painful feelings.

    There has been a significant improvement in blood quality during use of bee venom based products - an increase in the number of hemoglobin, including leukocytosis (general and local), a decrease in ESR, a decrease in blood viscosity (density). Apitoxin has a good effect on the heart, has a hypotensive effect, improves metabolism, reduces the level of cholesterol in the blood, which is the main prerequisite for the development of atherosclerosis.

    Poison bees shows good results in rheumatic polyarthritis, vascular diseases, trophic ulcers and poorly granulating wounds, migraines, hypertension I and II stage, asthma, diseases of the peripheral nervous system, and in particular at sciatica, intercostal neuralgia, polyneuritis, radiculitis lumbo - the sacral vertebra.

    There are cases when a diuretic effect occurs when using bee venom. Measures with the use of apitoxin reduce the sensitivity of the body, so the use of the product is suitable for combating allergies. If the bee stung in cicatricial or nearby tissues, this directly leads to the progressive resorption of scars.

    Excellent results with the use of apitoxin can be achieved in the treatment of muscle tears, bruises, cuts, spinal osteochondrosis, injuries, hernias of intervertebral discs, including their sagging.

    Bee venom treatment

    History preserves the facts of the use of bee venom in ancient times, when people did not know how to collect it and because of this they were forced to be treated with bee stings.

    At the beginning of the twentieth century substance, which is produced by bees, was actively used in traditional medicine, and was subsequently officially recognized. Now treatment with bee venom gives such opportunities:

    • Improving vascular status
    • Decrease of blood viscosity and increase of its coagulability,
    • Treatment for inflammation of organs and tissues,
    • Getting rid of pain
    • Improving the performance of the heart,
    • Increase immunity
    • Fight pathogenic microbes
    • Launch skin recovery processes.

    Bee venom is also used to treat joints. Use it in two ways:

    1. Bee stalk,
    2. Cream and ointment based on it.

    Drugs, which are included in its composition, relieve pain and inflammation, can return to the joints the same physical activity. Sick who are undergoing bee sting healing, after 10 sessions feel noticeable improvements.

    No inferior in effectiveness and medical drugs. The ointment consisting of bee sting is very popular. Firstly, its use does not lead to painful feelings, and secondly, it is accessible to all. Ointments that contain bee venom are used to anesthetize and treat inflammation in the joints and muscles. These drugs are recommended for use in arthritis, radiculitis, neuralgia, arthrosis, osteochondrosis and other diseases of the bone tissue.

    Among the drugs that stand out are:

    • Ointment 911 - made on the basis of poison, is used to renew cartilage tissue,
    • Virapin - also consists of bee venom. The instructions say the content of 0.15 mg of the active drug in 1 gram of ointment. He proved himself as an effective medicine for neuralgia, muscle inflammation and various diseases of the joints.
    • Ointment Apizatron - in one gram of the drug is 0.2 mg of poison, which is equal to a bee sting. The medicine perfectly relieves suppuration and pain.

    It must be noted that bee venom can harm a person's well-being at high concentrations. To avoid this, it is necessary before using drugs based on it, to check for an allergic reaction to it, to do this, apply a small amount of ointment to the inner bend of the elbow or wrist.

    Therefore, it can be concluded that the effectiveness and benefits of the use of bee venom is fully justified in the process of treating many different diseases. But, the greatest effectiveness is noted in the fight with diseases of the joints, the restoration of skin joints, the renewal of blood vessels and muscles.

    Use in medicine

    The most famous method of treatment with poison is beekeeping. It is carried out by pressing the insect with a pincent to the skin area. It thrusts the sting into the upper balls of the epidermis. After some time (depending on the dose and method of application), the sting is carefully removed with tweezers. It is best to carry out the insect bite in the acupuncture points, because it is in them there are many nerve endings.

    Physical properties and composition of bee venom

    In appearance it is a thick liquid, clear or slightly yellowish. The smell is a bit like honey, but with a slightly specific aroma. It tastes bitter and burning. Hardens in air, has good solubility in water.

    What is bee venom? It is a product of excretion from the glands of worker bees.

    It consists of:

    • protein compounds or peptides, amino acids,
    • biologically active compounds
    • fats,
    • inorganic acids (formic, hydrochloric, orthophosphoric),
    • trace elements
    • carbohydrates (glucose and fructose in low concentration).

    On a note. The bee dies during a bite, as the sting remains in the wound. From the bite of one bee, 0.2-0.8 mg of poison enters the body. Bees feel a sharp smell. This is a warning signal on the protection of the nest or hive.

    How does apitoxin affect the body?

    The effect of bee venom on humans and other living organisms is different. For example, a few dozen bites for a horse is fatal. But poison has no effect on bears, hedgehogs, toads. Such a phenomenon suggests the existence of species immunity.

    The poison of the bees affects each person individually - it all depends on how many times the bee bites and on the characteristics of the organism. Some people are insensitive to the effects of bites from a large number of bees. This is not only the influence of immunity, but also physiological features.

    But most still react painfully to bites. Poisoning of the body is possible with the bite of several dozen bees: vomiting, shortness of breath, a decrease in pressure, loss of consciousness and even convulsions are observed. And very few people are sensitive even to a single bite. Individual intolerance requires the immediate introduction of serum, so you need to urgently contact an ambulance.

    Attention! The poison will stand out from the sting, so it should be carefully removed. Sore spot can be smeared with honey, pink solution of potassium permanganate, vodka or ice. Not all of the popular methods are useful, some of them can cause irritation or inflammation.

    If severe poisoning occurs, then bed rest is important. The patient should take a mixture of 20 g of honey and 200 g of alcohol. May require medicinal, antiallergic drugs. If there is weak cardiac activity, camphor or caffeine is injected intramuscularly. During seizures, medications are used that have a positive effect on nervous activity. All these activities are conducted by an ambulance doctor.

    Bee venom as a panacea for disease

    The properties of bee venom are based on the acceleration of physiological processes occurring in the body. Treatment of a number of diseases is based on this feature. The body reacts even to a small dose of apitoxin, so the apitherapist’s doctor prescribes the treatment and dosage.

    The benefits of bee venom are as follows:

    1. It has an immunostimulating effect: based on the concentration, it inhibits or enhances the action of the immune system.
    2. It is an analgesic (analgesic effect), which is 50 times stronger than novocaine.
    3. It has antiseptic, bactericidal and anti-inflammatory effects, but only in insignificant concentrations. It causes the death of some pathogenic microorganisms, for example, staphylococci and E. coli.
    4. Expands blood vessels and reduces their permeability. Affects the quality of blood: increases the level of red blood cells, hemoglobin, the blood becomes not so viscous.
    5. Lowers blood cholesterol.
    6. It has a general stimulating effect on organs and organ systems.
    7. The general condition of the body stabilizes: sleep, appetite, performance, and endurance become better. The condition of the central nervous system is also normalized, the person becomes more stress resistant.

    On a note! The poison in bees is produced by special glands located in the stinging apparatus. The quantity and quality of the poison is influenced by the age of the bee, its diet, and the time of year. The amount of poison increases gradually, reaching the highest number, 2 weeks after the bee leaves the wax cell.

    Peculiarities of treatment with bee venom

    Treatment with bee venom is carried out in different ways. Use the natural or natural method when the bee stings itself. Intradermal ampoule preparations are introduced, tablet forms, rubbed ointments, which include bee venom.

    The use of inhalation, iontophoresis (penetration of a substance with weak electrical impulses through the skin), phonophoresis (poison enters the skin with ultrasound) also brings its fruits. Treatment with bee venom using baths is applied after injury and helps with atherosclerosis.

    Consider the pros and cons of each method. The best method is considered to be the use of living bee healers. Before treatment, a biological test is conducted for the absence of allergic reactions in a person — a test is made twice in the lumbar region. The skin at the site of the bite is treated with an alcoholic solution, a bee is applied and a sting is pulled out after 6-10 seconds.

    The presence of allergies is checked the next day using urine analysis for protein and sugar. If the reaction of the organism does not follow, then the test is repeated, and then treatment begins: the bee is applied, and it stings in diseased places or active points. The sting is removed in an hour.

    On the first day, use one bee, on the second - two and so on until 10 days: every day, one bite more. Then they make a three-day break and repeat the treatment (three bites a day). The total number of bites should be equal to 180. In this case, it is desirable to eat honey, 50 g per day.

    On a note! The choice of the place where the bee should sting, the number of bees and the duration of treatment depend on the disease and its stage. The place to bite is usually the shoulders and hips.

    Treatment with bee venom involves the introduction of finished products in a small dosage. Injections put in the area of ​​diseased joints or other pain points. Apitherapy is used in combination with therapeutic exercises, the use of honey and physiotherapy.

    The method of using ointments is good because any person can treat himself. But in this case, the properties of bee venom are not fully manifested, since the penetration through the skin is long and the action of the poison is not always effective. Well help inhalations, when bee venom enters the body with hot steam. This method affects bronchial asthma.

    When treating with bee venom, different methods can be applied, based on the disease and the recommendations obtained.

    Diseases that treat apitoxin

    The list of diseases, in the complex therapy of which bee venom takes not the last place, is very wide. And the study of his actions is still ongoing.

      with increased pressure

    Attention! Experts recommend the use of bee venom in late spring and summer, when the bees fly from the fields. At other times, the poison is not as effective and has a poorly pronounced antibacterial effect.

    In what cases can bee venom harm?

    Before the treatment process, an examination is carried out, through which it is revealed that the bee venom will bring benefit or harm.

    Contraindications for the use of apitoxin are:

    • High sensitivity of the body (extremely rare).
    • The development of infectious or sexually transmitted diseases.
    • Any stage of tuberculosis.
    • Mental disorders.
    • Exacerbations of diseases of the kidneys, liver and pancreas.
    • Heart failure.
    • Menstrual period or pregnancy.

    If no contraindications are found, then we can safely take up the treatment. In combination with other means it gives very good results.

    On a note! After a bite and penetration of the poison under the skin, blood flow to this area occurs. The inflammation subsides, and the patient is relieved after the first day. The appearance of poison causes the activation of antibodies in the affected area. Protective cells destroy germs and affected tissue, and foreign products are removed.

    The effect of apitoxin on the body is so diverse, and its composition is so unique that today it is still being studied. But we must remember that this is not a panacea for any illness, especially if the disease is neglected. In this case, it is impossible to do without medicamental help.

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