In the article I will give a description, consider the conditions of the maintenance and breeding of the Australian healer. It is often called the wild dog Dingo. I will list the features of education and character of the breed. I will consider how much a puppy costs and how to choose it correctly. I'll tell you what to feed and how to properly breed.
Breed description Australian healer
Purpose of the breed: to help distill animals over long distances. At the first stage, the dogs were used in the Hall household. For the first time an animal was allowed to be taken out of the state in the 20th century. However, in the CIS countries it was possible to get to know her only in the 21st century.
Healer (cattle dog) has many similar external features with collie. Dog's weight ranges from 42 to 49 kg. The skull is hard and wide. On top of it are small ears. The eyes are dark and very intelligent.
The breed has a strong back. According to the standard, the tail does not need to be stopped. Wool has an unusual water-repellent effect. To date, the following types are officially registered:
- Blue healer is considered if his color is a mixture of blue and white. There may also be a slight pale yellow shade in the undercoat.
- Red color diverges evenly across the body. On the upper torso spots become darker. If there are spots on the body, then often this is a sign of deafness.
Rules of maintenance and care
An Australian shepherd dog will need to be active. That is why it is difficult to keep them in the apartment, because the owner will have to walk with her on the street for a long time. Movement is necessary for the Australian healer around the clock.
Wool has unique properties and can quickly clear. That is why swimming is advisable to carry out no more than twice a year.
Breeders are advised to simply wipe the dog with a wet towel, which was previously evenly in water with vinegar. When bathing is allowed to use detergents with a natural composition.
Wool is also required to comb through using a ponder. Manipulation should be done at least twice a week.
Eyes are wiped with chamomile decoction every day. When ingested with sorinok inside increases the risk of developing an infectious lesion.
Australian residents claim that the healer can live for at least 29 years. However, for this it will need to feed the meat kangaroo and ostrich.
In the diet of the pet must also be present porridge, fish, vegetables and dairy products. Delicacy is quite possible to replace the meat of veal low-fat varieties. The owner will need to monitor the size of the portion of the pet.
They love to eat, so they can not stop on their own. The situation may lead to a twisting of the stomach or excess weight. In the diet is not allowed the presence of sweets and smoked meats.
Australian healers are distinguished by great devotion to the host. They are not inclined to approach rapprochement with strangers. Even puppies always carefully study their environment. Dogs have an innate protective instinct.
However, they are too self-confident, so they can engage in battle with a stronger rival.
It is believed that a healer can have only one master, to whom they retain affection throughout their lives.
Australian herding dog training
At a young age, they can easily execute commands and easily understand any requirements of the host. However, the trainer always encounters difficulties in the period of following the established rules.
From the first months of life, the puppy must understand who its owner is. A person is not recommended to be too soft. Caress in the education of the Australian healer is not needed. Otherwise, the animal will make its own decisions and not reckon with someone else's authoritative opinion.
During the lessons is not allowed to use physical force. It will take patience to bring the purpose of training to the healer. Quite often, small puppies tend to bite a man by the leg. This instinct remained with them from the time of cattle grazing.
Training will result if it takes place in the form of a fun game. Thanks to this animal becomes interesting, and it begins to actively participate in the game.
Previously, these dogs were hunters, watchmen and a lifeguard. Today, they often take part in sports competitions.
Previously, these dogs were hunters, watchmen and rescuers
It is believed that healer can be taught any trick. However, this will require the promotion of each correct action delicacy. The dog loves to eat, so it will be happy to carry out the task.
The dog of this breed has a unique gene pool. Dogs are hardy, and their immune system counteracts various diseases. Breed rarely suffers from diseases. To maintain health will require efforts to master the dog. It provides proper care.
For example, every day the animal receives the necessary physical activity. They walk with him in the open air, run and jump. Additionally, psycho-emotional state is also important.
If a puppy is purchased from a nursery, then it is pre-swallowed twice. Additionally, at 3 and 4 months, the dog is vaccinated, which includes the vaccine for the most common ailments in the region.
The procedure is repeated a year, and then every subsequent 12 months. 10 days before each injection, the dog is given a prophylactic against helminths.
How much is a puppy
If a person plans to purchase a purebred animal, then his purchase should be carried out in a special nursery. On the territory of the Russian Federation, they often collaborate with Australian colleagues. Due to this, it is possible to get a healthy and pedigree animal.
Before buying, heredity is carefully checked. Deaf puppies are often born in the breed. They also have an increased risk of developing epilepsy or dysplasia.
The cost of a puppy depends on the reputation of the nursery.
The cost of a puppy depends on the reputation of the nursery. It ranges from $ 500 to $ 900.
Only healthy individuals that do not have a genetic susceptibility to disease are allowed to reproduce. The Australian healers have a predisposition for deafness. These puppies have a characteristic color.
The Australian healer is a loyal and reliable dog. In the genes laid the gift to the management of livestock, which is combined with an incredible devotion to the owner. A rare animal in our country. However, there are a number of nurseries that are engaged in breeding specimens.
Healer is difficult to live in an apartment, because he needs constant activity and movement. Dogs can run for a long time and not get tired. They are devoted to the owner and easily come to the defense, even in case of unequal forces of the fight. The Australian healer is a reliable friend and helper in the hunt.
How did the name of the breed
The first puppies of the Australian shepherd dog appeared as a result of long breeding work, the crossing of a Dalmatian and a wild dingo, a bull terrier and kelpie, as well as a collie. Today in Australia, over two and a half thousand healers are born per year. The most popular breed is considered to be in the countryside of Victoria and South Wales. The name of the breed comes from the word "Heeler", which means "heel". The fact is that when shaggy shepherds drive a herd, the most disobedient or lagging animals bite their heels without causing damage and forcing them to move faster. Healers practically do not know fatigue, they are able to manage large groups of livestock all day long, driving them from one pasture to another, scaring off predators.
Alternative breed names
Depending on the geography, the name of the dogs may vary. When you hear about a blue, red, Queensled healer or an Australian herd dog, be aware that this is exactly the Australian herding dog. They do not need to wind up exclusively to farmers, because this breed boasts an attractive appearance and affectionate character. They are incredibly loyal companions, and are also long-lived among dogs. One of the documented facts shows that the Australian short-tailed shepherd's dog lived for 29 years!
History and standard
The Australian herding dog is a relatively young breed, the occurrence of which has reliable facts. For the first time, farmers from New South Wales (Australia), who arrived on the mainland from the British Empire, were engaged in breeding them. The British immigrated brought with them large black bobtails, which in their homeland were considered the best herding dogs. However, on the continent, where a hot summer reigns year round, the English breed could not become an effective assistant in agriculture. Powerful dogs with a large weight, heavily endured the heat. It was decided to cross the English breed with the local wild dingo dogs. Breeders were confident in the success of their business, but the result was far from ideal. The appeared mestizos became more hardy and resistant to a hot climate, but were very aggressive, attacking both other animals and people.
After a failed selection, the farmers decided to cross the bull terrier and the long-haired collie, which also ended in a fiasco. Despite all the failures, attempts to breed the ideal breed for local conditions continued. At the beginning of the 19th century, a farmer Thomas Hall arrived from Great Britain. He brought European dogs with him. Scottish Blue Marble Collies were mixed with dingoes, and the offspring that emerged pleased with their performance. Metis has established themselves as excellent shepherds and guards. The good working qualities of the dogs living on Hall's farm caught the attention of John Elliot. A landowner from Queensland also decided to cross the Scottish collie and wild Australian dogs.
Some time later, as soon as the Australian shepherd's dog began to gain popularity among people engaged in breeding cattle, the Bagast brothers decided to contribute to the formation of the new breed. They crossed a healer with a Dalmatian, from whom the four-legged shepherds received even greater endurance and love for horses.
Breeding was completed only in the twenties of the last century, when the Australian shepherd's dog was crossed with kelpie, after which appearance and physical data remain unchanged. In 1989, the international standard of the breed was approved, which according to the classification of the International Cynological Federation belongs to the 1st group.
Australian herding dog: breed description
An adult dog has a medium size. The height at withers is from 0.4 to 0.5 m, and the average weight varies from 15 to 25 kg. Torso strong, muscular. Paws strong, well developed. Head and neck - powerful, ears with fluffy tassels, erect. The tail is constantly lowered and has a curved tip.
The color of the Australian shepherd's dog is blue, with chestnut or black spots, markings on the head, as a rule, are red or black. The coat is dense, double-layer, waterproof, medium hard and long. The tip of the tail and the back of the thighs are the most fluffy.
The average lifespan of these dogs is 8-16 years. However, with proper care, a balanced diet and proper distribution of physical activity, healers can live for more than twenty years.
Australian healers are incredibly efficient dogs that do not know fatigue. Their activity is amazing. Even in the hottest weather, they superbly cope with their shepherd duties. The dogs are very alert and ready to show their determination at any time, as soon as they detect the slightest threat to the owner or his property. The Australian shepherd’s dog knows absolutely no fear and can attack a predator that is larger than her.
Uninformed people may think that these dogs are unbalanced, which is far from reality. Before you start these four-footed shepherds, you need to learn as much as possible about the breed of the Australian herding dog. Healers will never be perfect assistants for owners who could not prove their authority. They are rather strong-willed and independent dogs with their own hierarchy, something resembling a wolf. An obedient and faithful dog will be only if it acquires in the person of the owner a real leader who can demonstrate his superiority. Unlike many of his fellows, the Australian cattle dog does not have the habit of barking without a reason. They do not get along well with other pets, as they are accustomed to dominate and protect the territory in which they live, considering it to be their property.
Healers are trying to keep away from children, since the role of the nurse is alien to them. Small fidgets are capable of provoking a congenital instinct of shaggy shepherds, who will start grabbing the heels of the children and may cause damage or seriously frighten.
The Australian healer does not tolerate confined space, it is not recommended to keep them in an apartment or a small courtyard. In order for a dog to grow up healthy and with a balanced temperament, it is necessary to buy puppies only in nurseries engaged in their breeding. The price of the breed is quite high, but with proper upbringing, the fluffy shepherd will fully justify all investments and will become an indispensable assistant for the farmer.
It is important to know!
If you decide to get an Australian healer, who intend to keep in the yard, then be prepared for regular shoots. These dogs are incredibly inquisitive, will instantly explore the whole territory and will surely find a loophole through which you can slip away from the confined space. Often they do the digging under the fence or wicket. Such behavior can seriously confuse any person, but, as a rule, healers always return home, as they are very attached to their master.
Australian shepherd is a breed of dog that adapts heavily in urban environments, but feels great in the countryside. She urgently needs daily physical exertion, long walks in the fresh air and active games. Most of the time they have to spend in nature, for example, looking after the herd. In the care of healers are not whimsical. It is enough several times a month to comb their wool and bathe, but only when the dog gets very dirty.
Healers have virtually no serious health problems, which makes them rare guests in the veterinarian’s office. This is not surprising, because in their veins flows the blood of a wild dog dingo, which is used to living in the harsh conditions of a hot continent.
Upbringing and training
Despite the fact that the breed is relatively young, it is considered established and fully formed. The nature of the dog is not easy, but she is well trained in training, quickly realizes that the owner demands from her and tries to please him. In order to instill the interest of the dog in the training process, it is necessary to correctly distribute the load and schedule of classes, as well as to show their own leadership qualities.
It is important to know that during the training it is impossible to use physical force, but only to influence the puppy morally, encouraging or condemning it. Otherwise, the dog will be reluctant to execute commands or even go out of control. Do not forget that the breed was bred for independent work with cattle. These dogs are able to make decisions and act according to the situation.
It is not recommended to feed the healers with food or meat alone. These dogs are very agile and spend an enormous amount of energy every day that needs to be replenished. In order for a fluffy shepherd to always remain cheerful and active, he needs a balanced diet that includes all the vitamins and minerals, as well as fats and carbohydrates. The most correct will be to contact a veterinarian who can choose the right diet.
Do not forget that the physical and moral condition of the dog depends directly on the owner, who must show proper attention to his pet.
Healer in a house or apartment
Healers are real athletes who often win international competitions, especially in such disciplines as obedience and agility. If you decide to keep this breed of dogs, for example, in an apartment, then you just have to know that they need to run at least 3-4 hours a day. Otherwise, the animal will begin to suffer not only from excess weight, but also from more serious diseases.
The history of the Australian cattle dog treaty began in 1802, when George Hall and his family emigrated from England to Australia. The family settled in the newly colonized New South Wales, with the goal of raising livestock for sale in Sydney, Australia’s largest city at the time. The difficulty was that the climate is hot and dry, not comparable with the green and wet fields of the British Isles. Кроме того, скот должен был пастись на обширных и не охраняемых равнинах, где его подстерегали опасности. Плюс проблемы сбора и транспортировки скота, через сотни километров суровых земель.
Привезенные пастушьи собаки были плохо приспособлены к работе в таких условиях, а местных собак попросту не было. Животноводство располагалось возле крупных городов, где скот пасся под присмотром детей в дневное время. Соответственно, вся служба собак сводилась к караулу и охране от диких динго.
Despite the difficulties, the family remains resolute, bold and demonstrates the strength of character. The seventeen-year-old Thomas Simpson Hall (1808–1870), most explored, explores new lands and pastures, and routes to the north of the country.
Although moving north promises great benefits, one problem needs to be solved to reach millions of acres of land. At that time, it was not possible to deliver cattle from there to Sydney. There are no railways, and the only way is to run herds hundreds of miles. However, these animals are different from those that grow in pens, they are semi-wild, run up. Thomas understands that in order to bring cattle to the market, he needs hardy and intelligent dogs that can work under the scorching sun and control the bulls. In addition, they are horned bulls, which creates problems for both the shepherds, the dogs and the bulls themselves. A large number of them die on the way.
It is worth noting that he is not the first to try to create such a breed. James Timmins (James "Jack" Timmins 1757-1837), before him crosses dogs with wild dingos. The resulting mestizos were called “Red Bobtails”, and inherited endurance and tolerance to the heat of the dingo, but remained semi-wild, afraid of people.
Thomas Hall has more patience and endurance, and in 1800 he has many puppies. It is not known for certain that the breed was the basis, but almost certainly it is some kind of collie. At that time, collie breeds are not yet standardized, as they are today, but rather a mix of native breeds valued for working qualities. He begins the same way by crossing them with each other and with the Smithfield collie, new to the country.
But success is not, dogs still can not stand the heat. Then he solves the problem by crossing the collie with domesticated dingos. Wild dingo dogs are incredibly adapted to its climate, but most farmers hate them because dingos prey on livestock. However, Thomas finds that the mestizos shows remarkable intelligence, endurance, good working qualities.
In the early 1870s, the Sydney butcher, Fred Davis, crossed them with bull terriers to add perseverance. But, as a result, stamina falls and dogs begin to hold the bulls, instead of directing them. Although the Davis line will subsequently be crowded out of the blood of the Australian healers, some dogs will still inherit its features.
At the same time, the two brothers, Jack and Harry Busg, cross their Australian shepherds with the Dalmatians brought from England. The goal is to increase their compatibility with horses and slightly soften the character. But again the working qualities suffer. By the end of the 1880s, the term Hall healers is almost never used; dogs are called blue healers and red healers, depending on color.
In 1890, a group of breeders and lovers organized the Cattle Dog Club. They focus on breeding these dogs, calling the breed the Australian healer or the Australian herding dog. Blue healers are valued much higher than red ones, since it is believed that the red ones still have a lot of dingo. In 1902, the breed was already sufficiently strengthened and the first breed standard was being written.
During World War II, many units of the troops keep these dogs as talismans, sometimes breaking the charter. But, they get real popularity after getting to America. The US military is in Australia, and puppies are brought home, as there are many farmers and ranchers among them. And the working abilities of the Australian shepherd’s dog hit them.
At the end of the 1960s, the Queensland Heeler Club of America was formed, which would later become the Australian Cattle Dog Club of America (ACDCA). The club is engaged in the popularization of healers in the US and in 1979 the American Kennel Club recognizes the breed. In 1985, United Kennel Club (UKC) joined him.
Since its introduction in the USA, the Australian cattle dog has become quite popular and according to statistics, AKC is ranked 64th out of 167 breeds. At the same time, this statistic displays the dogs that have been registered in the AKC, and not all. As in the case of other fashionable breeds, Australian Cattle Dogs become pets, especially they are popular among the people of the countryside. However, they retained their working abilities, and in their homeland they became legendary dogs.
Australian herding dogs resemble collies, but they are different. This is a medium sized dog, a dog at the withers reaches 46–51 cm, a female of 43–48 cm. Most of them weigh from 15 to 22 kg. They are rather short in length and much larger in height.
The head and muzzle resemble a dingo. Stop soft, muzzle smoothly flows from the skull. It is of medium length, but wide. The color of the lips and nose should always be black, regardless of the color of the coat. The eyes are oval-shaped, medium in size, brown or dark brown. The expression of the eyes is unique - in it is a combination of mind, mischief and wildness. Ears straight, erect, located widely on the head. In the show-ring, the preferred small or medium-sized ears, but in practice they can be very large.
Wool is designed to protect them from harsh conditions. Double, with a short, dense undercoat and all-weather top shirt. On the head and forepaws, it is slightly shorter. Australian healers come in two colors: blue and red speckled. In blue, black and white hairs are arranged so that the dog appears to be blue. They may have burns, but this is not necessary.
Red dots, as the name implies, are covered with dots all over the body. Scorches of tan are usually located on the head, especially on the ears and around the eyes. Australian healers are born white or cream colored and darken with time, a feature inherited from the dingo.
Scientists observed 11 dogs whose average life expectancy was 11.7 years, a maximum of 16 years.
According to the owners, when properly maintained, the life span of the shepherd's healer ranges from 11 to 13 years.
Being one of the most enduring and efficient of all dog breeds, healers have the corresponding character. They are very faithful and will follow the owner anywhere. Dogs are very attached to the family and very poorly tolerate long periods of loneliness. In this case, they are not obtrusive and will rather lie at their feet, rather than try to get on their knees.
Usually they are more attached to one person than to the whole family, but with the other they are friendly and accommodating. But with those whom they love, they form such a strong friendship that their owners adore. What does not prevent them from being dominant and not suitable for inexperienced dog breeders.
Usually they are unfriendly to strangers. They are naturally suspicious of others and can be quite aggressive. With proper socialization, they will become polite, but almost never friendly. They are well received by new family members, but need some time to get acquainted. Dogs that are not socialized may be too closed and aggressive to strangers.
These are excellent guard dogs, sensitive and attentive. However, they are ready to bite anyone and poorly understand where power is needed, and where not.
Usually they better find a common language with older children (from 8 years). They have a very strong hierarchical instinct, forcing them to pinch everything that moves (including people), and small children can provoke this instinct with their actions. With this, they are also suspicious of other people's children, especially when they shout, rush and do not respect the space of the healer.
Australian healers always want to dominate, and often this leads to problems with other dogs. They are incredibly dominant, territorial and have a developed sense of ownership. Although they are not looking for a fight, they will not avoid it. Usually they are kept alone, or with one individual of the opposite sex. It is very important for the owner to take a leading, dominant position in the house.
Although they are designed to work with other animals, Australian healers need to be trained so as not to create problems. They have a strong hunter instinct and they pursue small animals such as cats, hamsters, weasels and squirrels. They can tolerate pets, if they grew up together, but not all of them.
But they are very smart, and often fall into the top ten most intelligent dog breeds. With the exception of tasks requiring special power or smell, there is no such thing that the shepherd’s dog could not learn. However, training may not be so easy. They do not live in order to serve the person; they serve only the one whom they respect. A lot of healers are stubborn and harmful in training, and they listen only to the owner who controls them as more dominant. The biggest test at the same time, keep the dog's interest in learning. They get bored quickly, especially with repetitive tasks and simply cease to obey.
Owners who are not able to provide them with activity or work should not get such a dog. Otherwise, she will develop serious behavioral and psychological problems.
Destructive behavior, aggression, barking, hyperactivity and other pleasant things.
No professional grooming. Sometimes combing, but in principle they are able to do without it. And what do you want? Dingo…
The Australian herding dog is an artificially bred breed in Australia, initially for driving cattle over long distances. In the 19th century, Australian farmers needed robust, intelligent dogs to help them manage and move cows and sheep. New South Wales cattle breeder - Thomas Hall crossed the shorthair collie with Australian wild dingo dogs, which he tamed earlier.
The resulting dogs were known as heelers and were in the exclusive use of Thomas Hall and did not spread to the Hall farm. After the death of Thomas Hall in 1870, the Hall farm fell into disrepair. Farms in the northern part of New South Wales and Queensland were put up for auction with all the property and animals there, including dogs. They have been refined for a long time, grafting blood of a Dalmatian, a bull terrier and kelpie. Healers were subsequently developed into two modern breeds: the Australian shepherd’s dog (Australian healer) and the Australian short-tailed herding dog.
American and Canadian farmers are very fond of these tireless, intelligent and very flexible dogs. For the first time, Australian healers came to America after the Second World War; some American soldiers who served in Australia brought them with them. Until recently, in Europe, representatives of this breed could be met infrequently; for the first time, Australian healers were brought to England in 1980 by the Landmaster Lenthal Flinton and Lenthal Darlot line.
In Russia, the Australian healers appeared in 2004: a bitch from Poland, D’astra Canina Diamantina, was brought to Moscow, who gave her first litter in the summer of 2011. Gradually, their popularity is growing, both abroad and in Russia. Representatives of the Australian healers were brought from the Czech Republic and Finland to Ufa, who also already have descendants in Russia. In 2008, a dog was brought to Moscow from Poland- BORA Diamantina.
Directly from Australia for the first time to Russia (to Irkutsk) for breeding in 2011 were exported two dogs that carry the blood of the best Australian representatives of this breed in recent decades, the bitch Queblue Tuff Australian Margin and male Little Waco Your Hush Mr Frog.
Some Australian farmers continue to use blue healers for moving cattle, or as they are also called, Pyatochnik dogs (from the word "heel", which means heel). But lately, they are increasingly being led to participate in sports competitions in obedience and agility, as well as companions and watchmen. In some countries, Australian healers have established themselves as psychological dogs. Possessing a strong, positive energy, they participate in canist therapy, which is often used in nursing homes to raise the vitality of the guests. As well as in boarding schools for the physical and social rehabilitation of children with developmental disabilities. Sometimes dogs act as actors. The most famous film with the participation of such a dog Mad Max-2, in the main role which starred Mel Gibson and the blue Australian healer.
Outwardly, the Australian healer is similar to the progenitors: dingos and collies. In the photo you can see that the Australian shepherd's dog looks small, it seems low and not stretched in length. The height of an adult male does not exceed 52 cm, females - 49 cm. The weight of animals of both sexes is usually 20 - 23 kg. The dog is well built. The skull has a classic shape, the size of the head relative to the body is normal. The length of the body is almost equal to its width. The dog is strong, muscular, stocky.
The following is a detailed description of the appearance of the animal:
- Head.Rather wide, slightly convex in the frontal part. The muzzle is classical, the nose is well expressed. The nose is thick, of medium length, there are no cavities under the eyes. Nose tip is large, black. Bite right, scissor.
- Eyes.Small, oval shape. The color of the iris is saturated brown. Look understanding, cunning, intelligent, curious.
- Ears.Small, standing, triangular. At the base they are wide, and at the end moderately pointed. They create the impression that the dog is alert.
- Neck.Medium length, strong, muscular.
- Torso.The back is strong, hardy, wide. Chest quite voluminous, strong.
- Limbs.Medium length, evenly set, strong, stocky. Paws neat, rounded shape. The pads are elastic, thick-skinned.
- Tail.Low set, saber, lowered, when the animal stands at ease.
- Wool.Not long, tough, straight, smooth. The marginal hairs do not exceed 4 cm in length, the undercoat is dense and thick. The coat is tight to the body, warms the dog well, has water-repellent properties.
- Color There are two types: blue, possibly with small specks of white or gray, and red with dark spots on the whole body. In animals of blue color, the lower part of the body has a fawn color. Large spots are considered a defect, spotted dogs often have congenital deafness.
Australian healer dog character
The blue healer has a rather cunning temper, and for a long time they are trying to test the owner for strength. It is important from the first days to show your pet, which of you is more important. The breed is bred by humans, and the healers are infinitely grateful to him for this, showing dedication and loyalty, all at once to everyone who lives in the house. Children have a special love for this breed. Breeders strictly follow this, and if the dog shows dislike for the child, then it does not participate in further breeding. These dogs love to frolic. They almost always have a good mood and a great sense of humor.
Very often on their attractive face you can see the semblance of a smile. They are good-natured, although they have a bit of an explosive temper and may be unbalanced. Hillers do not get along with other pets and are always trying to grab everything that moves. Healers are active and enduring, so they require long walks, where they can run from the heart. And also from a young age, dogs need socialization and upbringing so that they can get used to others as early as possible and they don’t have a desire to bite passersby by the legs. If you can not give the dog enough time, then it is worth considering the institution of a calmer breed.
The gene pool of these dogs is extremely strong. Perhaps due to the genes of the wild dog Dingo, these herding dogs are one of the most hardy and resistant to various diseases. In addition, dogs of this breed are among the long-livers. The Australian healer, nicknamed Blue, is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the “oldest dog” in the world. This dog lived 29 years 5 months and 7 days (June 7, 1910 - November 14, 1939), of which she devoted 20 years to her work, shepherded the flocks. Of course, to keep your dog healthy, you need to take care of it. Healer need a lot of time to spend in the fresh air.
These dogs are designed to feed and distill herds. Therefore, they need an intense load every day for their physical and emotional health. Before you buy a puppy of this breed, be sure to study its heredity. In rare cases, dogs can be born with deafness, epilepsy, they may have hip dysplasia and eye diseases.
Maintenance and care
Private home is the best home for the Australian healer. A dog can be kept in an apartment if the owner himself leads an active lifestyle: traveling, playing sports and taking long walks. Pet happy to keep him company. The bitch in bitches occurs twice a year, and in males - one. Special problems with wool in the house does not arise. It is enough to comb the dog every day. Pet wash as pollution, as Australian shepherd dogs do not emit a specific smell.
Wool has a self-cleaning effect. Claws grind during physical activity. The rudimentary claw is cut once a month. Paw pads may crack due to long walks. It is necessary to lubricate them with baby oil. Eyes are washed with chamomile decoction as they become soiled. Ears cleaned with a sponge, moistened with oil. The diet consists of natural food or ready-made feed. Для полноценного питания необходимо добавить к мясу и крупам овощи, кисломолочные продукты и рыбу. Сухой корм должен быть не ниже премиум-класса. Щенкам его размачивают в воде. Молодые особи тренируют челюсть с помощью лакомств на основе говяжьих жил и сырых костей. Нельзя давать питомцу трубчатые и отварные кости.
Местные жители Австралии считают, что хилер Блу прожил 29 лет благодаря тому, что он ел мясо кенгуру и страуса Эму. Конечно, достоверно утверждать этого не может никто. However, one thing is clear that the dogs of this breed are very fond of meat, especially considering that their ancestors were wild. However, in order for the diet to be complete, the pet needs to be given vegetables, fruits, fish, and sour milk products. Moreover, all this healer happy to eat. These dogs are not picky at all in food, sometimes it seems that they are ready to eat even inedible objects. Be sure to follow the number of servings of your pet. Healers tend to gain weight quickly, even though they are hyper-reactive. Make sure that the dog rests after eating, otherwise there may be a torsion of the stomach. Do not feed the dog sweets, chocolate, pickled and smoked products, in general, all that is sold in any supermarket and that you are happy to eat yourself.
How to choose an Australian shepherd puppy?
If you have decided on the breed and want to have an Australian shepherd dog, responsibly approach the choice of a puppy. it is worth buying it only in a professional nursery or from a trusted private breeder. Trust newspaper or online ads is not worth it, so you can buy a puppy with defects or a half-breed, which you can not see when you first met.
If you plan to attend exhibitions or competitions, pay great attention to the pedigree of the puppy and his family, meet his parents.
Visiting the nursery, observe the atmosphere in it, how the animals behave, and also study the exterior of the selected puppy. Already at the age of one and a half months, one can appreciate his color, coat structure, bite, proportions and harmonious constitution. This Australian shepherd dog has an even and docile character, it does not frighten strangers, but does not behave aggressively towards them. Like any puppies, healers are very energetic and tend to sniff everything around them. They have short and straight hair, with thick and warm undercoat.
An experienced breeder himself will tell you what a thoroughbred Australian healer should be and give his characteristic to each baby from the litter. He will advise which one of them should be purchased for an exhibition career, and which one - as an ordinary pet.
The price for a pedigree healer puppy will not be lower than 50,000 rubles. Thus, we can conclude that there is nothing for the dog of this amazing breed to do in the apartment. Lack of freedom, physical activity and walks will become conditions for a dog’s short life.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
Australian healers are dedicated and very human-bound dogs that cannot stand loneliness. With great joy, these funny and cheerful pets will play with you and your children. But during the games you need to make sure that the healer does not bite the legs, since this is their genetic basis. Early training, which dogs lend themselves well, will help reduce this habit to a minimum, albeit with some stubbornness. Often, they show independence and love of freedom and may be a little unbalanced, but not aggressive. Healers need a lot of movement. Therefore, they will feel more comfortable in a country house. And if you are a lover of outdoor activities or extreme sports, then this dog will be your unsurpassed companion.