Animals

Turkish kangal (Anatolian Shepherd): breed features, upbringing and breeding rules

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These dogs already exist more than one century, but the breed itself has been recognized relatively recently. Kangal is the oldest breed that has existed in Asia Minor since Babylonian times. Today it is a Turkish guard dog. Breeders for several centuries improved the quality of Karabash, crossing them with various large dogs.

In ancient times, kangals hunted lions. Although these dogs were used to work with herds, they did not herd cattle, but protected him from the encroachments of predators. Such a defender - strong, powerful, but at the same time light and fast, could easily overtake the wolf.

Modern Karabash is a national treasure; it is illegal to export pure breed representatives abroad. In addition, they care about the purity of the breed, strictly rejecting individuals, even with minor deviations from the standard adopted here in Turkey.

Since dogs with pedigree cannot be abroad without an owner, RKF Champion does not include the breed in the pedigree book, and it is very, very difficult to get a Turkish “0” pedigree dog that does not have documents. But in any case, the register pedigree does not allow its owners to participate in the breeding, and all the offspring turns out to be extramarital. Naturally, such a situation negatively affects the development of the breed as a whole.

Kangal breed description

Kangal is a tall, stately animal, growth which varies from 70 to 90 cm. Weigh Dogs from 50 to 70 kg, have a strong physique with powerful legs, strong neck and developed muscles. Anatolian Shepherd Dogs are moving smoothly and energetically. Because of that, her head is on the same line with the neck and back, it seems that the animal is sneaking.

Representatives of the breed may be disqualified due to deviations in color, underdevelopment of the paws, increased aggressiveness. The standard includes the following description of dogs:

  1. Head large, neat, harmonious, rectangular in shape, with a slightly convex forehead with a pronounced transverse furrow.
  2. The jaws are strong, with large, white teeth, the bite is correct, scissor-like, without gaps.
  3. Eyes medium or small, may be triangular or almond-shaped. Set wide apart, the eyelids may have dark spots. Look serious, attentive.
  4. The nose is large, with oval-shaped nostrils, its color depends on the shade of the coat: it can be black or brown.
  5. Auricles - small size, arranged neatly on the sides of the head, triangular, rounded ends. When the dog is calm, they hang, but when excited, they rise.
  6. Dogs have a strong, well muscled body. Back straight, wide, with well-pronounced, forward-inclined shoulder blades. The neck is strong, massive, creates a smooth bend.

Wool coat and colors

Anatolian karabash’s hair can be either short - about 2.5 cm in length, or elongated - 10-15 cm. The outer hair has a flat texture, it creates a thicker layer around the neck. The coat is tight to the skin, on the ears, limbs and in the area of ​​the tail, it may be slightly "pinnate".

The Turkish Shepherd dog has a rich, dense undercoat that protects the animal during the harsh Anatolian winters and summer heat. In addition, wool has an outer layer that does not give moisture and snow to penetrate the skin. This coat provides excellent regulation of body temperature, and its density protects the dog from the fangs of predators.

Turkish canine organizations do not attribute coat color to distinctive breed traits. The presence of black and white spots, longer hair is not a sign of interbreeding. In the KIF standard, the coat color of dogs is not indicated, but there are a number of indications for white spots - they can be located only in the chest area at the end of the tail. In other organizations, they are allowed to have on their paws.

Other clubs are more scrupulous about this issue, in addition, it is the color of wool that is an important difference between a kangal and another type of Turkish dogs - akbash.

Wool should be short, dense, not long and without fluffiness. Colors are allowed as follows:

  • gray-yellow
  • taupe,
  • brownish yellow.

The obligatory condition is that the kangala face should be covered with a black mask and ears with black markings. White markings may or may not be allowed, it all depends on the applicable standard.

Before describing the nature of the Anatolian Shepherd, it is worth considering their purpose. First of all, the representatives of this breed are hard workers, human assistants, able to work even in the most difficult conditions, without needing special care.

There are many stories when kangals, finding a sheep, guarded it for several days, going without food and water. In addition, Karabash, entered into a fight with a wolf, often came out the winner. In this case, he received a generous reward from the shepherd - the biggest ram.

Such activities demanded independence from the dogs; they had to make decisions without human help. It is not surprising that the kangal is a rather independent dog. He needs a brave, strong-willed master, confident. It is forbidden during the educational process to cause excessive anger in the pet. If during training to use rigid methods, rudeness, then the dog can become an unbridled animal.

Kangal looks stern, and his dimensions are impressive, but such a pet will definitely find a common language with the children. The dog can patiently endure light-hearted childish pranks, he will guard the child, looking after him. During the games, he behaves very carefully. But the owner should inspire the fumes that the dog is not a toy and you should not offend it.

The pet of this breed is an excellent guard with excellent inborn qualities. He has a strongly expressed sense of territoriality, he will protect the farm entrusted to him to the last breath. Anatolian Sheepdog barks loudly, rollingly, but it will not begin to give a voice just like that.

A pet can be quite capricious, but if it is provided with regular, intensive work, then the dog will have no time to show unreasonable aggression or dirty tricks. Representatives of this breed have a stable psyche, they are friendly to all members of the family. Until now, kangals are used in dog fights, and often these dogs become winners, this happens even in fights with the Alabai.

Kangal education and training

Kangal is intelligent and obedient, the main purpose of his life is to serve his man. Therefore, training can produce amazing results. Training should start as early as possible, paying particular attention to early socialization. A puppy should live and communicate with people, go outside the house, see and get to know fellows.

In the training of Anatolian shepherds use the method of motivation. The owner is required to: be firm, confident, he must respect his student. A large, seemingly severe, dog literally "melts", receiving a portion of deserved affection or praise, later he will strive to get it even more.

But cruelty, humiliation, rudeness can negate all the results and embitter the dog. In addition, if such a serious dog feels threatened by the owner, he may try to protect himself. Naturally, for a person it can turn around badly.

Most of the representatives are sensitive even to changes in the intonation of the host’s voice, so it is easy to do without a harsh correction. Kangals perfectly assimilate the basic program, but it is important to constantly warm up the pet's interest, introducing new, interesting tasks. In training, the authority of the owner is important, the dog must take him for the leader, without questioning his decisions.

Care and health features

Anatolian Shepherd Dogs - unpretentious animals that do not require special procedures. They are subject to strong molting, during these periods it is desirable to comb out the pet, helping him to quickly get rid of his wool. In the remaining periods, it is enough to do this once a week and a half.

The dog must be equipped with a place to rest, there must be at least two bowls - for food and water. It is important from puppyhood to teach him that he can sleep at home, and not on the master's couch. Otherwise, it will be almost impossible to expel the calf-dog with your favorite furniture later.

They do not often wash these krupnyakov; in summer, it is enough to give the dog a swim in the local pond. In winter, instead of washing, you can rub your pet with snow. The dog needs regular walking, one walk must be at least 40 minutes.

Breed diseases

Representatives of the breed have excellent health, they do not have special, specific ailments. But, like other large dogs, they often suffer from joint inflammation and connective tissue dysplasia. The development of such pathologies is influenced by body weight, excessive loads and excessive physical activity, in addition, dysplasia can be inherited.

Another problem, not alien to the Anatolian Shepherd Dog - reduced immunity. This is due to the later development of the immune system, the processes of its formation in Karabash are completed later than in other dogs. Owners and veterinarians should also consider the high sensitivity of these dogs to anesthesia. Before use of similar preparations test is required.

Statistics indicate a number of diseases that are most often diagnosed in kangals:

  • hypothyroidism
  • twist of a century
  • spinal injury
  • skin diseases.

If the owner decides to feed the pet with natural food, the basis of the menu should be meat, offal, fish. They contain the necessary animal proteins for the dog and useful components. The menu should be supplemented with vegetables, herbs, cereals, seasoned with vegetable oil.

Many owners make a mistake, overfeeding the dog. In fact, karabashi need less food than their large counterparts. It is also important to take into account when feeding the dog with drying - it is impossible to increase the portion, it is enough to follow the table indicated on the product packaging.

Proper nutrition should be given special attention from puppyhood. Just getting everything you need, the dog will grow strong and healthy pet, without problems with bones and joints. With natural feeding, it is recommended to give the puppy calcined cottage cheese, crushed egg shells, bone meal. It is advisable to consult with a veterinarian about suitable vitamin complexes.

An adult dog is fed twice a day, it is advisable to adhere to the regime. Turkish Shepherd dogs drink a lot of water, so you should provide your pet with a large, deep bowl and ensure that it always has fresh water. It should be changed when feeding. Kangals are neat and tidy, they do not spread excess dirt in their place.

Where can I get a puppy

Anatolian Shepherd Dog is a rare and expensive treat. But interest in the representatives of the breed is constantly growing and is fueled by the Turkish ban on the export of representatives of pure blood.

Even in the poultry market puppies without documents, but similar to kangals, will cost at least 30,000 rubles. Private breeders set the price at 40000-50000 rubles. Naturally, the guarantees of health and quality of the offspring here can not provide.

On the territory of Russia there are also breeding nurseries - monobreed or engaged in breeding other, but close breeds, for example, alabai. The cost of a puppy will be on average 65000-7500 rubles, for the elite kid you will have to pay much more than 120,000-300,000 rubles.

The best nurseries include:

  • (mono nursery) Antalkaya, Moscow http://mirkangalov.ru/forsale.html,
  • (Kangal and Alabay) Alashir, Kiev http://www.alashir-sao.com/kontakty-pitomnika-alashir.html.

Kangal is a dog with many advantages, but such a pet is not for everyone. He is capable of being capricious, obstinate, and only a strong hand can make him a better caretaker and loyal friend.

History and birthplace of origin

The Turkish kangal began its existence on the Anatolian plateau, hence one of the names of the breed. Nowadays, this breed has an equally well-known name - the Turkish guard.

This species is recognized as one of the oldest in Asia Minor, which is the reason for its value. The origin of the breed Anatolian Shepherd began on a plateau during the time of Babylon. Careful work on the withdrawal of this species was carried out over several centuries, and many different breeds were involved in this process. In antiquity, such a breed of dogs as the Turkish kangal could be used to hunt the most dangerous areas: lions and bears. Nowadays, you can see the exhibits in the British Museum, you can see excerpts of such a hunt.

The Turkish guard is not a shepherd for flocks of sheep, this dog is a merciless guard. She is a protector from wolves and other predatory animals. This dog is very plastic, mobile and easy-going. Chasing a wolf, it builds up tremendous speed. It can be concluded that he is very brave and able to make decisions on his own. Turkish kangal is very alert and distrustful of strangers and strangers. This species is popular only in Asia Minor.

Appearance, dimensions and photos of the kangal

Describing the breed, it is difficult not to note that Kangals are tall and stately. They reach the height at the withers from 70 to 90 cm. Their average weight varies from 35 to 75 kg. Anatolian Shepherd has a rather strong build. The body is allocated highly developed muscles. These dogs have powerful paws and a neck.

In the Turkish state, the breed is divided into three known species.

The simplest feature by which Turkish watchdogs are distinguished is the color of the coat:

  1. The most common Karabash, which can be found in tiger, black, and also, three-colored color.
  2. Crystal white dog - watchdog. It is believed that he is the direct descendant of the great Iberian Shepherd.
  3. The third type is considered to be the kangala, dressed in a black mask and black ears.

Outwardly, these dogs may resemble mastiffs or dogs. The coat of these dogs is short and with a pronounced thickness and density, characterized by a warm undercoat.

Kangal's movements are smooth and energetic when walking. It should be noted that he keeps his head and neck in one line with his back, it may seem as if the dog is not walking - but is sneaking.

Evils threatening disqualification:

  • color variations
  • limbs underdevelopment,
  • increased aggressiveness.
The height of the Turkish kangal at the withers can reach 90 cm.

Breed standards:

  1. Head has a large size, neat, wide and proportional to the body. It resembles the shape of a rectangle. The forehead is slightly convex and wide, has a transverse furrow.
  2. Teeth - strong and large. Bite must be scissor, with no gap between the incisors.
  3. Eyes have a triangular or almond shape. Medium or small size, have a wide landing. For centuries, dark spots are permissible.
  4. Nose - large, with pronounced and distinct oval nostrils. Pigmentation depends on the coat color: black or brown.
  5. Ears - proportional to the head, relative to the average size. They have a triangular shape with rounded ends. In a quiet condition hang on a soft, but thick cartilage, in the excited or watchful - stand.
  6. Housing - very strong and muscular with a straight and broad back. The blades are well defined, have a slope forward. The body passes into a wide and massive neck - with a smooth bend.

Important. Anatolian shepherd breeding in Europe is considered a half-breed and half-breed, unlike the purebred and forbidden for export of Turkish kangal.

The nature and purpose of the breed

Kangal is an independent dog. He listens only to the person to whom he has respect, and this means only his breadwinner and the pupil or those in whom inner strength is felt. Such a form of education as violence is completely out of place with representatives of this breed. As a result of rude upbringing, the character of the kangal will form evil and ruthless, and no one will be able to love such a pet.

It is necessary to provide communication with other animals and people to your ward, so he will be more agreeable and calm. For small children, the Turkish watchdog does not express aggression, but rather, on the contrary, allows itself to be caress and stroked. In addition, with the children she is able to play various educational games. However, in such situations, you should be prudent, because the dog has impressive dimensions and can be carried away by the game or spoil the interior of the house. Do not be afraid of the appearance of Kangal, he only at first glance is intimidating. The inner world of the dog is very peaceful and diverse.

Turkish kangal does not show unmotivated aggression, it is calm and balanced.

The excited state of your pet can be identified by a slightly twisted tail. If an emotional outburst occurs, the straight tail can reach the back. It should be noted that such a breed as the Anatolian Shepherd is not prone to unreasonable and uncontrolled aggression, and it only pleases.

Так как турецкая сторожевая — порода рабочая, она может загрустить или же проявлять раздражительность, когда у неё не будет достаточного движения и нагрузки.

Дрессировка кангалов

Дрессировать питомца нужно с раннего возраста. Everyone should understand that taking care of a small and unpretentious "little bear" in the future will have to deal with a real killer, and proper education is very important.

Kangala training is one of the most difficult tasks, which requires patience and endurance. The period when the puppy has not yet reached the age of one is quite complicated. The kid is very curious and wants to play, precisely because of this, the variety of commands is not so important for him. Karabash is not related to such breeds that do everything for the sake of encouraging the owner.

Kangala training requires a lot of patience.

Kangal is peculiar, and it is not easy to overcome his temper. Learning the simplest teams can take a lot of time. If an irresistible desire to get what you want from a dog is experienced, you should be patient and apply persistence. In any of the cases, the breadwinner Kangala must know how to handle a dog in order to teach it to the simplest, but very important commands.

To succeed in Kangal training, you should immediately notify the animal that the leader is you. It is worth remembering that this view, even assuming that you specifically rise in your joint tandem, will also look for an opportunity to take over the primacy in your paws. Due to such provisions in the process of training, you can observe the need to punish the pet quite severely. However, you should not use physical strength in the direction of your pet - it hurts him, and he probably will not forgive you for this, and warm relations with Kangal are very valuable and costly.

Features care and maintenance of the Turkish kangala

Turkish kangals are very hardworking, require a lot of space and regular loads. These dogs should not be set up in an apartment, the best option would be a country house with a spacious yard. Kangals require a lot of time, providing loads and exercise. If the energy of these dogs is not invested in labor, they can become disobedient and uncontrollable.

To comb the dog should be 2-3 times a week, a special brush with natural bristles. During the molting period - more often.

Bathing is carried out as needed, but not less than once a year. It is necessary to use only special shampoos for animals and carefully dry Ears and eyes wipe with a damp cotton swab.

Teeth care is important because this breed is prone to their diseases. Examinations should be carried out regularly, and if abnormalities are detected, contact a veterinarian.

Turkish kangal breed dogs should not be run in a city apartment.

Food and ration kangal

Turkish kangals are not picky about nutrition. They can eat a variety of foods: whether it is an industrial ready-made feed or organic food. It is important to provide the dog with all the necessary vitamins and trace elements to support its health. For better digestion of food should be properly time distribution of feeding. Adult kangals must be fed twice a day at the same time.

Water is vital to the dog. Its quality and quantity should always be at its maximum, especially after physical exertion.

Products recommended for eating Kangals:

  • meat (beef, poultry),
  • meat offal,
  • cereal porridge,
  • vegetables,
  • eggs,
  • broths (vegetable and meat),
  • bone flour,
  • dry food (premium class).

Attention. Breed Turkish kangal has a tendency to obesity. That is why baking, sweets, rice and potatoes should be excluded from her diet.

Pros and cons of breed

Like every dog ​​breed, the Turkish Kangal has its advantages and disadvantages that you should pay attention to before acquiring such a dog.

Turkish kangals are very hardy and hardworking, but these dogs are trained quite hard.

Advantages:

  • endurance and hard work
  • courage and fearlessness
  • balanced psyche and character,
  • impressive appearance.

Disadvantages:

  • impossibility of maintenance in the apartment,
  • large amount of food consumed,
  • the complexity of the training,
  • complicated purchase of a purebred dog, and high price.

Health and life expectancy

Turkish kangal has good health and a durable body. They can tolerate cold and heat, which was characteristic of even the long time of origin of the breed. However, Karabash has a tendency to such diseases as: joint dysplasia and diseases of the organs of vision. For the prevention of these diseases, it is recommended to inject enough calcium and vitamins into the diet.

Kangal, like all breeds of dogs, is also prone to dangerous infectious and viral diseases, which are controlled by preventive vaccination.

Turkish kangal breed dogs tolerate both low and high temperatures.

With careful care, life expectancy reaches 12-15 years.

Choosing and buying a puppy

As already noted, the export of the Turkish kangala is prohibited outside Turkey. At present, the Anatolian Shepherd is successfully bred in Europe - similar in appearance and characteristics to the Turkish kangal.

In any case, the puppy of this breed is very expensive. The average cost of this dog for kennels ranges from 1500 to 2000 $.

When buying a puppy, it is important to pay attention to the following criteria:

  1. Pedigree.
  2. Appearance of a puppy (it must be well-fed, with a uniform coat and clean mucous membranes).
  3. The behavior of the puppy (the animal must be active and sociable).
  4. Conditions of detention.
  5. The presence of hereditary diseases.

Breed history

The name comes from the city of Kangal, in the province of Sivas, and probably has similar roots to the Turkish name of the Kanli tribe. The origin of the place name, which gave the name of the dog and the city, is still not clear. Probably, the Kanal tribe left Turkestan, and having migrated to Anatolia, formed the village of Kangal, which has survived to the present day.

Thus, dogs are more likely to come from Turkestan and not from Turkey. The hypotheses that they are of Babylonian or Abyssinian origin are not confirmed by geneticists. The version that these dogs are descended from a pair of Indian dogs exported to Turkey is not seriously considered.

One thing is clear, this is an ancient breed that has served people for a very long time. It’s just that human intrigues have gotten into its history, where different countries and peoples arrogate to themselves the right to be called the birthplace of these dogs.

There are subtle differences in the breed standard used in different countries. In the homeland of dogs, in Turkey, the Cynology Federation Of Turkey standard describes the height of a dog from 65 to 78 cm, plus minus two centimeters.

In this case, KIF does not distinguish between a male and a female. Although the standards of other countries are fairly well coordinated with each other, they do not coincide with the KIF standard. In the UK, the height at the withers for males should be from 74 to 81 cm, in females from 71 to 79 cm, excluding weight.

In New Zealand, for males, the height is indicated from 74 to 81.5 cm, and weight from 50 to 63 kg, and for females from 71 to 78.5 cm, with weight from 41 to 59 kg. In the USA, this breed is recognized only in UKC, and the standard describes males from 76 to 81 cm at the withers, weighing from 50 to 66 kg and bitches from 71 to 76 cm, and weighing from 41 to 54 kg.

Their undercoat provides protection from the harsh Anatolian winter and hot summer, and the outer coat protects against water and snow. This wool allows you to well regulate body temperature, while it is sufficiently dense to protect from the fangs of wolves.

The differences between the KIF standard and the international ones also affected the colors. Both official organizations, the Cynology Federation Of Turkey (KIF) and Ankara Kangal Derneği (ANKADER), do not consider coat color to be the hallmark of the breed.

Black and white spots, longer hair are not considered signs of cross-breeding, the KIF standard is perfectly tolerant to coat color, and a bit more picky about white spots. They are allowed only on the chest and on the tip of the tail, while in other organizations also on the paws.

But in other clubs, wool and its color are the most important features that distinguish the breed from akbashy and Anatolian shepherds. It should be short and dense, not long or fluffy, and the color gray-yellow, gray-brown or brown-yellow.

All kangals should have a black mask on the face, and black markings on the ears. Depending on the standards, white markings on the chest, legs and tail are both allowed and not allowed. Docking off the ears is made for several reasons, including for protection, as they can become a target for the enemy in a fight.

It is also believed that in this way their hearing is improved, since the sound is easier to get into the sink. However, in the UK, ear cupping is prohibited by law.

Dogs of this breed are calm, independent, strong, control the environment and well protected. They may be unfriendly to strangers, but a well-trained kangal gets along with them, especially with children.

He always controls the situation, is sensitive to its changes, responds to threats instantly and adequately. They are excellent advocates for both livestock and people, but they are not suitable for inexperienced dog breeders, since independence and intelligence make them bad students.

During the guard of the herd, these dogs occupy the height from which it is convenient to view the surroundings. On hot days, they can dig holes in the ground to cool.

Young dogs stay close to the old and learn from the experience. Usually they work in pairs or groups, depending on the size of the flock. At night, the intensity of their patrols grows.

Alarmed, the kangal raises its tail and ears, and gives a sign to the sheep to gather under its protection. His first instinct is to put himself between a threat and a host or herd. As soon as the sheep gathered behind him, he controls the invasion.

In the case of the wolf, sometimes there is enough threat, but only if the dog is not opposed by the pack and if it is not on its territory. There are special wolfhounds, known at home as "kurtçu kangal".

In Nambia, these dogs were used to protect livestock from cheetah attacks. About 300 dogs have been handed over to farmers in Nambia since 1994, the Cheetah Conservation Fund (CCF) Cheetah Protection Community and the program was so successful that it was distributed to Kenya.

For 14 years, the number of cheetahs who died at the hands of the farmer decreased from 19 to 2.4 individuals, on farms where cattle guarded catgalls, losses decreased by 80%. Killed cheetahs tried to attack the cattle, whereas earlier, farmers killed any cat seen in the area.

Knowing this, it is easy to understand that a Turkish kangal is a dog not for an apartment, and not for fun. Powerful, loyal, intelligent, they are created to serve and protect, need simplicity and hard work. And turning into a prisoner of apartments, they will become bored and bullied.

History of origin

Turkish kangal - for its centuries-old history, has established itself from a reliable side, it gets on well with a person, but has received recognition only in the modern world.

Karabash has excellent guardian skills, which helped for a long time during the time of Babylon. He received his blood from numerous representatives of large breeds, from which they managed to take the best.

In ancient times, he perfectly protected livestock, could easily protect from wild predators, was the keeper of the human dwelling.

He was taken to the hunt, as the main enemy for catching lions, it is difficult to imagine how he coped with this not simple task, but numerous testimonies prove his advantage in fights with the wild king.

Such a breed of dogs as Turkish kangal is not only the pride of the Turks, but also still fulfills its working duties. The ban on exportation from the country exists to this day, and the work on improvement does not stop for a minute.

  • The dog can develop a tremendous speed, which makes it easy to catch up and fight with any wild beast. In the days of antiquity, he first notified people about the danger and without hesitation protected the person.

At the moment, the overwhelming majority lives on Turkish soil, and it is still problematic to leave its territory. A dog can do this only directly from its owner according to official documents. Export and sale is prohibited. RKF Champion does not take representatives into its documentation, and Karabashi can receive a pedigree exclusively in their historic homeland.

Viscans will also be introduced in Turkey, distribution around the world is difficult.

Wool Variety

For the kangal breed there are several acceptable colors:

  1. Yellow with gray
  2. Brown with gray,
  3. Brownish yellow.
  • Shorthair up to 3 cm
  • Longhair to 15 cm.

A plentiful, considerably dense undercoat, hair is flat, fits tightly over the whole body. It copes well with water, preventing it from getting completely wet. Provides a complete regulation suitable for different survival conditions, protect from frost and strong heat.

The presence of white spots on the chest and tail, are allowed according to the standard.

Rules of maintenance and care

These dogs are unpretentious. Due to the peculiarities of wool, they are well tolerated in both heat and cold.

However, the presence of a dense undercoat implies a heavy molt, during which dogs are recommended to be combed daily. The rest of the time one or two times a week is enough.

If you get such a large dog in the apartment, there should be enough space for a comfortable living for both the giant pet and the owners. Walking takes a long time with decent physical exertion.

The rest of the care of the Anatolian shepherd is not very difficult:

  • ears and teeth cleaned as needed
  • eyes are examined and rubbed with cleaning lotion a couple of times a week,
  • claws usually grind themselves, if not - they need to be cut once a month.

The food of these giants is a separate sensitive issue. Both puppies and adult dogs should receive a balanced diet.

Veterinarians are advised to carefully think out the ration and portions for pets. When choosing a dry feed, you need to give preference to the premium class and above and pay attention to the composition, it should be the maximum amount of protein, not cereal. Adherents of natural feeding will have to work hard to create a full menu for a pet of this breed. Calcium and other trace elements must be present in the diet for healthy bones and joints of the dog.

Low-fat meat should make up a sufficient part of the diet, added to it cereals, vegetables, bone meal, eggs, broths.

The nature of the Turkish kangal

Kangalov distinguishes calm and endurance. These dogs are independent and capable of quick decision making.

For centuries they have been engaged in the protection of herd animals, so their guard qualities are beyond doubt.

These dogs are active. If their energy is not sent to the necessary course during walking, one can grow an uncontrollable pet out of them.

Kangals do not like other dogs

Despite its impressive size and harsh appearance, these are the kindest dogs who can forgive children for any pranks. They can serve as real nannies, behave very neatly at the same time, being afraid of harming the little ones. However, these dogs do not tolerate abuse by either adults or children.

Dog training

Turkish kangals are bred for service to man. Their main goal - to please the owner, so the training will take place without difficulties and pitfalls.

You need to start training and socializing the dog as soon as possible. A puppy needs to be introduced to other people and animals.

During training, the dog owner must be persistent and firm and not forget about the active motivation of the dog. They are sensitive to the change in a person’s intonation and quickly understand what is required of them.

When training, shepherds and dog guard qualities should be considered.

Wolfhound dog health

Anatolian dogs are in quite good health and belong to long-livers, but there are several ailments to which they are particularly susceptible:

  • problems with bones, joints and ligaments (as a result of large size and improperly formulated diet),
  • eye diseases (twists and turns of the eyelids),
  • skin diseases.

Kangal vaccination should be done in a timely manner! Comprehensive vaccinations against distemper, enteritis, parainfluenza and other diseases are made in 6-8 and 12 weeks, then in 6-7 (after changing teeth) and 12 months. Rabies vaccine is added annually. Then vaccinations are given to the animal annually.

How much is a puppy

Despite the ban on the export of kangals from Turkey, on the territory of Russia, these are still frequent dogs.

There are quite a few Turkish kangal kennels in the Russian Federation both in the capital and in the regions:

  • Shearing Star Dogs,
  • Antalkaya,
  • From the northern Urals,
  • Center for study of kangal,
  • KangalVKTurkay,
  • Nursery from Sukhareva.
Kangal puppies cost about 50 thousand rubles

When choosing a future pet, you should not be in a hurry, but observe its behavior, activity, reaction to the surrounding world. The baby should be carefully examined and checked his documents.

The cost of a good kangal puppy is about 50,000-60,000 rubles.

Breeding characteristics

It is rather difficult to make independent breeding of these dogs, first of all because of their size.

To study the process of mating, pregnancy and childbirth difficulties, it is better to seek advice from experienced breeders of the Turkish kangal.

Kangal is a good-natured giant dog that will become an excellent guard. Before you get a puppy of this breed, it is necessary to analyze whether the owner can offer a future pet enough comfortable living conditions.

Content

Breed dogs kangal - the body gets along within a city apartment, space is not enough. The best option - a country house, where there is a spacious courtyard. Его охранные способности нацелены на большие территории.

Регулярно требуется физическая нагрузка, соборность передвижения, активные игры. Он прекрасно может жить в вольере, при условии что он будет просторен.

  • Не желательно сажать на цепь, ограничивать передвижения. A great option would be traveling to nature, hunting and fishing.

Walking an adult dog 2 times a day, at least 1 hour. Puppies go out 3-4 times a day. Wanted active games with toys.

The importance of nutrition is one of the first places. Large dog - should receive a sufficient amount of food, it must be balanced and nutritious. It is not recommended to overfeed.

Suitable for him:

  • Dry food is a balanced diet that can provide everything you need. Choose premium feed. When used, it is not required to give extra vitamins or minerals. Do not require cooking.
  • Natural nutrition. It is necessary to correctly calculate the amount of nutrients. Proteins, carbohydrates and fats should be calculated on the basis of: weight, age, body weight.

Calculation: 30 grams of meat per 1 kg of body weight. The rest is complemented by cereals and vegetables. Plus you need a complex of minerals, vitamins, fats of plant origin. The diet is made up of the following products:

  1. Meat is not fat: chicken, turkey, beef, veal.
  2. Sea fish: cleaned without bones.
  3. Kashi: rice, buckwheat, wheat.
  4. Vegetables and fruits: beets, cucumbers, carrots, Bulgarian pepper, zucchini, pumpkin.
  5. Dairy products: cottage cheese, kefir.
  6. Eggs - occasionally.
  7. Bone meal, vegetable oil.
  8. Apples, pears, bananas.
  9. Greenery.

It is forbidden to feed: soups, pieces, bread, tubular bones, food from the master's table, sweet, spicy, salty.

Adults eat 2 times a day, puppies from 3-4 times per day. Kids eat in small portions, you need constant access to drinking water. As delicacies, you can give: cheese, boiled chicken breast.

A large dog does not eat as much as it may seem, the main thing is the correctness of the calculation of feeding, which will allow you to keep it in the right shape. Preference to give dry food, to choose on the advice of a doctor - a veterinarian or breeder puppy.

  • Do not combine dry food and natural products, adhere to the same type of food. It is strictly forbidden to give chocolate and tubular bones.

Owner reviews

  • Maxim, 34 years old, Istanbul

I live in Turkey for the past 5 years, moved almost the whole family. They brought the dog 2 years ago, grew huge - about 80 cm tall at the withers, the daughter riding it rides. There were no problems with upbringing, I started from 2 months, in 2 weeks we easily learned all the main teams, from 4 months we study with a friend - dog handler. Obedience is perfect, never seen such clever and devoted dogs.

  • Stanislav, 32 years old, Dmitrov

The Turkish watchdog is a unique representative, I will not talk about the difficulties of export, but it was worth it. I gave about 150 thousand rubles and I do not regret. Serious fighter. But at home on the strangeness behaves nice, did not expect. Sometimes it seems to me that he will climb on his knees and fall asleep peacefully, snorting.

I was happy to receive from my relatives as a gift - the Turk's caretaker. He himself made an open-air cage, but taking him home for the night, the only thing that sometimes can be a bass voice in the middle of the night, sleeps very lightly. If someone got up from home to the toilet, be sure to hold to the bed and control movement. With him and the alarm is not needed. I am friendly with strangers, so long as I am near, in other cases, I may not let go of the house.

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