Timely vaccination of rabbits is the only way to avoid a massive death from infectious diseases.
For those who hold rabbits, you need to know when to vaccinate, at what age and at what time.
What diseases are dangerous for rabbits?
Have rabbits two types of dangerous diseases. They are not amenable to treatment and usually lead to death.
- Viral hemorrhagic disease of rabbits - UHD.
VGBK develops from 1.5 months and older. An animal develops hemorrhages in the lungs and the liver in the form of hemorrhages and congestions.
Once in the skin cells, the virus begins to multiply and enters the liver and heart with the flow of blood. The disease develops within 72 hours. If you find a sick animal, it should be urgently isolated from other animals.
Signs of disease:
- loss of appetite,
- miscarriages in females
- discharge of mucus from the nose
- the temperature of the animal rises to 40 degrees,
- death throes.
The dead animal should be taken to the laboratory for examination to make an accurate diagnosis. At autopsy, it is clear that the internal organs are swollen and filled with blood.
Myxomatosis - This is another dangerous disease for rabbits. The disease affects the anus, the lower digestive tract, the genitals and the mucous heads.
The period of development is approximately 7 days. Virus animals are infected through the blood and contact method. Most often, the disease is spread by blood-sucking insects.
Myxomatosis - a dangerous disease for rabbits
Signs of disease:
- Conjunctivitis is formed: the eyes and nose turn red. From the bottom, clear mucus stands out and crusts form.
- Tumors are formed all over the body: dense bumps appear all over the body in the latter stages of the disease.
- The animal wheezes and coughs.
- In the area of the anus and genitals nodules appear.
Rabies. A rare, but still common disease in rabbits. It is dangerous for both animals and humans. Infection occurs through the skin and with deep penetration affects the nervous system.
Cure is impossible, which is fatal. The incubation period lasts from 7 to 14 days. Protection against the disease is prophylactic vaccination.
Signs of disease:
- excessive drooling,
- changes in behavior (they are either aggressive or too gentle).
The scheme of vaccination against viral diseases
When vaccination is important age of the animalThe formation of immunity depends on it. It is advisable to protect animals from stressful situations, because it weakens the immune system.
The vaccine works as follows: in its composition there are pathogens and, when vaccination is given, the rabbit's body copes with them. Such individuals eventually develop immunity to viral diseases.
The first vaccination takes place at the age of 1.5 months.. If necessary, it is possible to make 3 weeks, but not recommended. Vaccination takes place at intervals of 6 months.
Only healthy individuals should be vaccinated.
Rabbits should be vaccinated every six months
With myxomatosis, the vaccine is placed once a year., because most often this disease is spread by insects. It is also recommended to follow certain rules so that vaccination is successful:
- Spring - for individuals from 4 weeks.
- After 1 month
- Autumn - 6 months after the first.
Adults are vaccinated every six months or once a year. In warm regions once in 6 months and in cold times 1 year.
Hemorrhagic disease vaccinations:
- The first is introduced at the age of 1.5 months.
- after vaccination for myxomatosis, a vaccination is administered in two weeks.
- The next two are entered within 2 weeks.
- In the future, every 6 months.
- First time in 1.5 months
- The second time in 2 months.
- Repeat every 6 months.
Reasons why the vaccine does not work:
- Overdue vaccine.
- Sick animal.
- Violation of the vaccination scheme.
- Poor drug storage conditions.
- The rabbit is infected with parasites.
Inoculate an animal by the rules
In order for vaccination to benefit, some rules should be followed.
Animals must be healthy. If you see that the rabbit is lethargic and there is a suspicion of any disease, then it is better to postpone the vaccine and isolate the animal. Show it to the vet in order to make a diagnosis.
Before vaccination, read the instructions. Since it is constantly changing, then this should not be neglected.
Do not change the dosage yourself. Because in this case, the vaccine may not contribute to and will not develop immunity to the disease.
Do not change the timing. Since immunity is developed for a certain period of time, and if the terms are changed, the effect of the vaccine will be reduced to zero and will not bring any benefit.
Follow the rules for vaccination of rabbits.
10 days before vaccination, animals should be wormed.: you need to give anthelmintic drugs.
The weight of the rabbit must be at least 0.500 grams. Do not put the vaccine suckling females.
You may be interested in the following articles on the topic of rabbits:
The interval between vaccinations should not exceed 2 weeks.
Buy a vaccine at a veterinary pharmacyand not in pet stores and especially in the market. During the purchase, ask about the conditions of storage, transportation. Do not forget to check the expiration date.
If you bought an adult individual who did not have a single vaccine, then do not worry. Give the animal all the appropriate vaccinations in the same way.
How to vaccinate a rabbit at home: instructions
When making a vaccination at home should be consideredthat this is a serious procedure:
- If you inoculate suckola to the female, then the babies will die in utero.
- A vaccination given to baby rabbits earlier than 3 weeks can lead to the death of the animal.
Therefore, before vaccination carefully read the instructions on the package. See shelf life and conditions.
Read the instructions for use, dosage and side effect. Also, vaccinations should be administered strictly according to the scheme.
How to vaccinate a rabbit yourself?
Self-vaccination is not difficult to do. Before it should perform some procedures in order not to harm the rabbit:
- Swirl the animals this week.
- Sick rabbits should be isolated.
Put an injection better in withers, but possibly in thigh. With this procedure, hold the animal tightly.
The diluted drug is stored no more than 3 hours.
After you vaccinate the animal, keep him in quarantine for 14 days. After this time, there is less risk of infection.
Feeding animals is carried out as usual. In the cage must always be clean water in abundance.
Side effects are usually not observed.there is only increased salivation. Separate treatment is not required. All symptoms disappear after a few days.
Rabbit vaccination workshop at the rabbit workshop at the Agro Animal Show exhibition. Conducts Belokon V.I. Candidate of Veterinary Sciences, Researcher of TOV "Bio-Test-Laboratory":
Vaccine Russian production
Associated vaccine against myxomatosis and viral hemorrhagic disease of rabbits dry.
Vaccine associated against myxomatosis and viral hemorrhagic disease of rabbits is dry
Vaccine against myxomatosis rabbits, dry, lively, cultural. Strain "B-82".
Tissue inactivated hydroxyl alumina vaccine against viral hemorrhagic disease.
RABBIVAK-IN. Vaccine against myxomatosis of rabbits attenuated. RABBIVAK-V. Against viral hemorrhagic disease of rabbits inactivated.
Vaccine for rabbits RABBIVAK-V and RABBIVAK-V
There are also drugs of foreign manufacture.
If on your farm after vaccination, animals are killed en masse and you can prove that the vaccine was not of high quality, then the manufacturer can be sued to the manufacturer to pay you compensation for damages.
But to sue, you can only domestic producers.
Rabbit diseases are difficult to treat.. They are practically not treatable, so it is easier and more cost-effective to prevent diseases, especially dangerous ones.
A rabbit breeder should take care of the cleanliness and proper care of his pets. Same timely preventive vaccination of rabbits is requiredwhich will keep the livestock healthy and active.
At what age and from what infections do rabbits get vaccinated?
Rabbits must be vaccinated against such dangerous diseases as myxomatosis, viral hemorrhagic disease, and rabies. If we neglect the routine vaccination, it is likely that all the livestock will die from one infected animal. Pathogens can be on the inventory, in water and feed, be carried by rodents, fleas and ticks.
The first vaccination is carried out when the little rabbit is six weeks old, just before weaning them from the mother. Sometimes, if the epidemiological situation in a particular area is unfavorable, veterinarians recommend vaccination earlier when the rabbits reach one month of age. Up to this point, babies get antibodies along with mother's milk.. Immunity after weaning the rabbit is maintained for a short time - about a month. Further, babies become vulnerable to various infections. That is why, shortly before weaning the rabbit, animals need to be vaccinated.
It is most convenient to start vaccinating young animals with a comprehensive vaccine. It contains the inactivated viruses of two pathogens - myxomatosis and VGBK. In the future, the schedule of vaccinations regulate independently, taking into account for how long the immunity against a particular disease remains. Adult rabbits are recommended to vaccinate twice a year - in spring and autumn.
- Two weeks before the planned vaccination, animals are dewormed.
- Rabbits must be healthy. They are examined by a farmer or a veterinarian, paying attention to the condition of the coat, discharge from the eyes and nose, stool, and body temperature values.
- After the introduction of the vaccine, animals are isolated from the rest for a period of 2-3 weeks. This measure is necessary since an animal that has already been infected prior to vaccination will die.
- When using monovaccines, the time interval between two vaccinations is at least 2 weeks.
Important! In winter, routine vaccination is not carried out.
Vaccination for myxomatosis
Myxomatosis is a dangerous viral disease that can destroy all livestock within a few days. The source of infection can be not only sick animals, but also those that are already ill. They remain virus carriers. In addition, infection often occurs through the bites of blood-sucking insects.
Signs of myxomatosis are:
- purulent discharge from the eyes,
- temperature increase to 41 degrees
- swelling in the head and neck,
- multiple nodules on the body.
Vaccination of rabbits for myxomatosis is first performed at the age of 1 month. To do this, use the drug Rabbiwak B. Re-introduction of the vaccine is carried out after 30 days. The second revaccination is carried out after 6 months. Adults are vaccinated every six months.
Vaccination from VGBK
Viral hemorrhagic disease of rabbits is developing rapidly. Its incubation period lasts about 3-5 days, after which the virus begins to manifest itself. The path of infection of animals - alimentary. The causative agent may be in the feed, water, grass and soil contaminated by the feces of sick individuals. When VGBK occurs, the venous walls are damaged, resulting in hemorrhages in the internal organs.
Symptoms of VGBK are:
- oppression, apathy,
- refusal to eat
- nervous phenomena - drooping of the head, cramps of the limbs,
- animals make heart-rending moans.
The vaccination scheme for rabbits for UHDB is as follows: at the age of 45 days, rabbits are vaccinated for the first time. If a vaccination against myxomatosis was previously taken, then after it is worth a break of 14 days. Further, the drug is administered after 3 and 6 months.
Attention! After vaccination, rabbits are isolated from the rest for up to 20 days. If the observed incidence of vaccinated individuals, then the infection has already occurred earlier.
Although rabbits rarely suffer from rabies, they are still recommended to be vaccinated against this disease. For decorative pets, it is carried out if the animal often travels with the owner - unvaccinated pets will not be allowed to pass through the border.
Attention! Rabies is a deadly danger to humans. If a rabbit is bitten by a sick animal, it can infect its owner.
Signs of the disease do not appear immediately; it will take some time before the virus enters the nervous system. Symptoms of rabies are:
- restless behavior, aggression,
- rejection of water
- discharge of frothy saliva from the mouth,
- difficulty swallowing reflex due to spasms of the larynx.
Inspection of the rabbit before vaccination
The rabies vaccine is used for the first time at the age of 2-2.5 months, after which revaccination is performed every year. Before going abroad, rabbits are vaccinated 30 days before travel.
The associated complex vaccine for rabbits is made from two types of strains:
The drug consists of 2 vials, the contents of which are combined before use. The injection can be injected under the skin or into the rabbit muscle, as well as intracutaneously. In the latter method of vaccination, a special injector is used. Resistant immunity to these diseases is formed on the third day after vaccination and lasts for a year.
Attention! Nursing rabbits should not be vaccinated with a comprehensive vaccine.
Rabbits are prone to many infectious diseases, but most of them do not require mandatory preventive vaccination. Optional vaccinations include:
It is recommended to vaccinate livestock against these diseases in the event of a real threat of the spread of infections. For example, if there were cases of paratyphoid or pasteurellosis in the area or on the farm.
Attention! Optional vaccinations for rabbits, if necessary, can be given at the age of 1-1.5 months with an interval of 2 weeks after the previous vaccination.
Vaccinations for pregnant rabbits
It is possible to vaccinate females, but not desirable. Experienced farmers recommend vaccinations shortly before mating the animal. In this case, by the time the rabbit is around, immunity to the disease will be formed, and newborns will receive antibodies along with their mother's milk.
Attention! Nursing rabbits vaccinated prohibited. We need to wait until the babies are one month old, and then hold the first vaccination.
In what cases vaccination is ineffective?
In some cases, vaccinations can be useless and even dangerous. It is important to follow all the rules of vaccination in order to protect the livestock from diseases and not to harm animals. What you can not do:
Do not make a vaccine from an already opened ampoule
- use previously opened ampoules or expired drugs,
- use vaccines that have not been properly stored,
- inoculate a sick individual
- vaccinate animals that have not been dewormed, pregnant females and newborn babies,
- exceed or reduce the recommended dose of the drug specified in the instructions.
Neglect of these recommendations can lead to sad consequences - complications, death, and in sukrolnye rabbits - miscarriages or stillbirth.
How to vaccinate yourself?
The owners of kroleferms prefer to vaccinate their pets on their own, as contacting a vet clinic requires additional costs. To be vaccinated, it is necessary to purchase the desired vaccine and dilute the drug with distilled water, as prescribed in the instructions. You will need an insulin syringe for the injection. The injection site (usually the thigh or withers) is rubbed with cotton moistened with alcohol. The animal must be securely fixed and injected into the muscle or under the skin in the withers.
Attention! The dosage is indicated in the instructions. For rabbit and adults, different doses of drugs are applicable.
In the first few minutes after the introduction of the drug is to observe the reaction of the body of the animal. If he develop shortness of breath, edema, rash, the color of the mucous membranes changes, these are signs of an allergic reaction. This sometimes happens in immunocompromised individuals. You can help the rabbit, if you give him an antihistamine, such as Dexafort. If the unpleasant symptoms do not disappear, you should contact your veterinarian.
Every farmer should have information on what vaccinations to give to rabbits and when. Timely vaccination will help prevent cases of infection of pets on the farm and the spread of infection, and thus avoid material damage.
From what infections and at what age do vaccinations to rabbits
The compulsory vaccination plan includes vaccinations for myxomatosis, rabbit viral hemorrhagic disease (UHD), and rabies. These are the most common diseases in these animals. Заразиться ими можно везде: при контакте с переносчиками (мышами и крысами), от укусов блох и комаров, при использовании грязного инвентаря.The danger lies in the fact that if at least one rabbit of the entire livestock is sick, then all the animals will die very soon.
It is necessary to vaccinate rabbits of both decorative and meat breeds.
Attention. Vaccination is not carried out if the animal is weakened after an illness or transportation, it is exhausted, it does not gain weight.
So when do the first vaccination? Small rabbits produce immunity during the period of feeding mother's milk. He will continue for a month after weaning babies from the rabbit. During this time, baby rabbits need to develop their own defenses in the body. Therefore, they are first vaccinated at the age of 1.5-2 months, when they reach a weight of 500 grams. In epidemiologically unfavorable regions, the first injection is best done one month after birth and repeat it after 3 months. Adult animals vaccinated at least 2 times a year.
Two weeks before vaccination, de-worming is required. Rabbit must be completely healthy, with a body temperature in the range of 38.5-39.5 degrees. It is worth paying attention to the color of urine and feces, general condition, coat color, discharge from the eyes and nose.
Important. Vaccine against VGBK recommended to do every 9 months.
Scheme and schedule of vaccination are developed by the owner. This takes into account the time of resettlement of small rabbits from the mother, the age at which the animal is allowed for slaughter, etc. The scheme is adjusted due to the appearance of epidemic sources in the region.
Adult animals vaccinated at least 2 times a year.
Novice rabbit growers will be more convenient to use a complex vaccine (from myxomatosis and VGBK). It is usually used in the spring, and then, as necessary, inoculated with monovalent preparations. Monovaccine is desirable to prick rabbit immediately after purchase. After vaccination, the animals are sent to quarantine for two weeks. In winter, vaccination is not carried out.
Vaccination for rabbits from myxomatosis
Myxomatosis is an extremely dangerous infectious disease. This virus was obtained in France, more than 100 years ago, to combat the growing population of wild rabbits. But the disease mutated and instantly spread to domestic animals. Transmitted by airborne droplets and insect bites.
The first signs of infection are:
- purulent conjunctivitis,
- tumor nodes on the body.
All sick animals die within 2 days of infection. The only way to avoid the disease is vaccination with Rabbiwak B.
When is it best to vaccinate:
- it is first performed at 4 weeks of age (preferably in spring),
- the second is recommended to do a month later,
- the third time is in half a year (autumn).
In the future, rabbits are vaccinated 2 times a year - in early spring and autumn.
What diseases do rabbits vaccinate against?
The compulsory vaccination plan for rabbits includes vaccinations against common diseases such as:
- rabbit viral hemorrhagic disease (UHD),
Infected with these diseases, rabbits are at risk almost everywhere. They can become infected through contact with infected members of the genus, while walking, with grass, from mosquito bites or fleas, when using infected stock to clean cells.
Vaccination for rabbits from hemorrhagic illness or distemper is considered one of the most important measures to prevent complex illness in animals. This disease is carried along with the feces of sick individuals and manifests within 1-3 days after infection of the pathogens into the body of rabbits with a number of symptoms, namely drowsiness, general weakness, loss of appetite, convulsions and other disorders of the nervous system. Hemorrhagic disease provokes the development of internal bleeding in rabbits and leads to their inevitable death. There is no cure for this viral disease, so the only way to protect rabbits from it is to routinely vaccinate rabbits. Vaccinated from UGBK rabbits should be 1.5 months with a mandatory repetition of every six months.
Myxomatosis is a dangerous infectious pathology, which in rabbits is manifested by a sharp increase in body temperature, purulent conjunctivitis, the appearance of nodes in the body, large-scale edema, apathy and loss of interest in food. Animals are likely to die, short-lived until the second day from the onset of the disease. Warn myxomatosis with a vaccine, which is recommended to be administered at four weeks of age with re-vaccination after a month and six months.
Among rabbits rabies is practically not recorded, but still such cases are described in veterinary medicine. Since the disease is among the dangerous to humans and incurable illnesses, it is included in the plan of sufficient preventive work. It is possible to suspect rabies in an animal by typical signs, in particular, the occurrence of drooling, rejection of water and a sharp change in behavioral responses. The first injection from the pathological condition is done in 2.5 months, and the second is repeated a year later.
How old is the rabbit vaccination?
A small rabbit, it is advisable to put vaccinations only after weaning from his mother. The fact is that the rabbit's milk contains immune complexes against the main diseases, therefore the offspring is reliably protected from diseases known to mankind. Maternal immunity lasts a month after weaning small rabbits from the female. Given this fact, experts do not recommend early disconnection of babies from the mother, which contributes to the good development of their immune system and obtaining reliable protection along with other substances valuable to the growing body.
Today, the offspring is separated from the rabbit about a month after birth. In this regard, veterinarians recommend making the vaccine to the little rabbit for the first time at the age of 6-8 weeks. Hemorrhagic vaccination during the epidemic can be put on the 30th day of the rabbit's life, but only if it develops normally and adds live weight. Revaccination in this case is done in 3 months. It is better to start administering basic vaccines to young animals that have reached a certain weight, namely 0.5 kg.
Vaccination frequency: highlights
As a rule, in modern veterinary practice, vaccination of a rabbit is shown for every six months. In this case, you can be sure that the pet will be fully protected from most diseases and the likelihood of its infection with complex infections will be minimized.
Most vaccines, including vaccination against GB, must be administered every 9 months. Plays a role and time of year. For example, myxomatosis is transmitted through the bites of blood-sucking insects, it is advisable to warn before the start of summer. In winter, revaccination is not advisable, since there are no bloodsuckers at this time.
Main types of vaccines
Rabbit vaccines are live and inactivated. Also on the market there are monopreparations and complex versions of solutions. It has been proven that live drugs provide the best protection against animal diseases, but they are poorly tolerated and often cause adverse reactions. While inactivated vaccines are well accepted by the body, they may not affect the production of the necessary immunity.
The most famous vaccinations in our country are:
- Rabbiwak-In domestic production of myxomatosis,
- dry culture vaccine for myxomatosis of baby rabbits, obtained from strain B-82 (Pokrovsky plant of biological products, RF),
- Mixoren against myxomatosis, Czech Republic,
- Ukrainian drug "Lapimun Mix" from myxomatosis,
- liquid inactivated vaccine protecting from VGBK (Pokrovsky plant of biological products, Russia),
- Rabbiwak-V from VGBK, Russia,
- Czech antihemorrhagic vaccine "Pestoril",
- "Lapimun-Gem" from VGBK, Ukraine.
Rabies is injected with drugs common to all pets.
Among the complex drugs are very popular and trusted:
- complex vaccine Rabbiwak-VB, Russia (a drug that allows you to vaccinate an animal from myxomatosis and UHD),
- Nobivac Myxo-RHD, Holland,
- Lapimun Hemix, Ukraine,
- Pestoril Mormix, Czech Republic.
At the request of the applicants, a complex solution against salmonellosis, klepsiellosis, Proteus, and colibacillosis is introduced to the rabbits.
The animal must be prepared for vaccination. For this, it is necessary for him to de-oil for 10-14 days before the injection. Also, before vaccination, it is necessary to measure the temperature of the rabbit, which normally is at the level of 38.5-39.5 0 C.
Before vaccination, you should monitor the condition of the rabbit for several days, evaluate its stools and behavior, monitor the quantity and quality of urine, make sure that there is no discharge from the eyes and rash on the skin.
We do injections on our own
Vaccination for a rabbit at home is a serious and highly responsible event, the quality of which depends on the health and even the life of the pet. Before self-vaccination of an animal, it is necessary to study the instructions for use of the drug, pay attention to the shelf life and the authenticity of the solution. It is important to remember that it is strictly forbidden to make vaccines to rabbits up to 3 months of age, as well as to females due to the increased likelihood of death of babies or future offspring.
Self-vaccination includes the following points:
- deworming animals one week before the intended vaccination,
- isolation of sick animals,
- the introduction of immune material itself,
Inoculate better in the withers or thigh area. In this case, the pet must be firmly held so that it does not escape during the injection. It is recommended to keep the vaccinated rabbit for two weeks in quarantine. Throughout this time, it is recommended to feed him at his usual pace and just monitor his health.
How to vaccinate
According to the instructions attached to each prophylactic drug, pregnant or lactating rabbits can be vaccinated without restrictions. But in practice, everything looks completely different. Often, after vaccination, the loss of offspring in rabbits is recorded, so it is better to transfer it and do it at another time.
Vaccination should be done 2 weeks before mating, so that immunity can develop at the proper level. Also, do not neglect vaccination. Pregnant little rabbits are very vulnerable to infections, so they can easily become infected, drop offspring or die.
Healthy rabbits tolerate vaccination well. To return to their usual lifestyle, they need only a few minutes to adapt the body after stress. Very rarely, animals are diagnosed with vaccination complications such as:
- redness at the injection site,
- hyperemia and swelling of the mucous membranes,
- skin rashes,
- profuse salivation,
- lack of appetite and temporary fainting,
- severe shortness of breath.
With the development of an allergic reaction to vaccination, they should be given antihistamines at a dose of 0.2 ml and should be shown to a veterinarian who assesses the degree of difficulty of the disorders and prescribes the most effective methods for their correction. Vaccination of rabbits will be successful, if you strictly adhere to its schedule, use only fresh and high-quality solutions, use drugs in relation to healthy representatives.
What infections are vaccinated to rabbits
In rabbit breeding, there are two viral diseases that are a real disaster for farmers. These are viral hemorrhagic rabbit disease (UHD) and myxomatosis. Both infections are dangerous only for rabbits, spread rapidly in a herd, affect all age groups and have a mortality of 70 to 100%. Therefore, vaccination of rabbits for UHD and myxomatosis is a prerequisite for the successful rearing of these animals. True, some experienced breeders advise not to vaccinate against myxomatosis in regions where the disease is not common.
You can find out what diseases of rabbits are registered in your area in the district veterinary station.
Rabies vaccination will be required for ornamental rabbits, which are kept as pets. Although the chances of becoming infected with this dangerous disease for all animals from cute rabbits are extremely small, you will need a vaccination mark when you cross the border to participate in exhibitions and other official events.
In disadvantaged areas, rabbits need to be vaccinated against listeriosis. If the farm has problems with some other diseases - pasteurellosis, salmonellosis - then vaccinate against them. This approach is typical for large herds, where the pathogens feel at ease and are difficult to eliminate with the help of veterinary and sanitary measures.
At what age do vaccinations rabbits
Vaccinations of small rabbits are placed after their weaning from the mother. Here we must bear in mind that maternal immunity, which the cubs receive from the rabbit with milk, lasts for a month after weaning. During this time, the baby must have time to develop their own antibodies.
Late weaning contributes to the good development of immunity, therefore it is recommended to take away the rabbits at 3 months. But usually cubs are taken from the mother when they reach one month old. With this type of cultivation, the first vaccine is made at the age of 1.5–2 months. You also need to pay attention to what a set of body weight in young animals - it is better to do vaccinations at the age when the rabbits reached a live weight of 500 grams.
Vaccination of VGBK rabbits during an epidemic can be carried out earlier - at the age of 30 days. Rabies need to be re-vaccinated after three months.
How often to vaccinate adult animals
When vaccinated in adult rabbits depends on several factors. The standard term for revaccination in rabbits is 6 months, that is, vaccinations should be given twice a year. But there may be variations. Most vaccines for VGBK are recommended to be re-administered after 9 months.
Vaccinating rabbits for myxomatosis is advisable to do shortly before the beginning of summer and the appearance of blood-sucking insects (March, April), as mosquitoes spread the infection. There is no point in revaccinating during the winter, unless there are bloodsuckers in the rooms.
Vaccines are live and inactivated (dead). They are also divided into monovaccines - from one disease, and into complex ones. Live vaccines are worse tolerated by animals, but give a faster and stronger immune response. Inactivated vaccines cause the production of longer-lasting immunity.
Complex vaccines for rabbits (bivalent, trivalent) allow you to vaccinate animals from two or three diseases at once. Immunity in this case is produced in the same way as from monovaccine. They are well tolerated by animals and can reduce the cost of drugs.
If for some reason a decision has been made to vaccinate two diseases with monovaccines, then the interval between injections should be at least 14 days, otherwise complications from incompatibility of the drugs may occur. And even more so you can not mix different vaccines in the same syringe.
Let us consider in more detail what preparations the pharmaceutical industry offers rabbit breeders.
For the prevention of myxomatosis rabbits release vaccines:
- "Rabbiwak-B" (Trading House "BiAgro", Russia),
- The vaccine against myxomatosis of rabbits is a culture of the strain "B-82" dry (Pokrovsky Plant of Biological Preparations, Russia),
- "Lapimun Mix" ("BTL", Ukraine),
- Myxoren ("Biooveta", Czech Republic).
Vaccines against viral hemorrhagic disease of rabbits:
- "Rabbiwak-V" (LLC Trading House "BiAgro", Russia),
- Vaccine against viral hemorrhagic disease of rabbits, liquid inactivated (Pokrovsky Plant of Biologics, Russia),
- Pestorin ("Biooveta", Czech Republic),
- “Lapimun Heme” (“BTL”, Ukraine).
There are two vaccines against pasteurellosis:
- "Rabbiwak-P" (Trading House "BiAgro", Russia),
- Pasorin-OL (Biooveta, Czech Republic).
Diseases such as rabies, listeriosis - vaccinated with vaccines common to all animals.
Vaccination of pregnant and lactating rabbits
Vaccinating pregnant females is undesirable. If such a need has arisen, it is better to be vaccinated at a short time, long before the birth. Nursing females can not be vaccinated categorically.
Pregnant and lactating females are not recommended.
It is known that immunity in baby rabbits is produced by drinking mother's milk. Therefore, it is better to wait a bit and vaccinate already mature babies. To avoid unpleasant consequences, it is better to vaccinate females a week and a half before mating. In this case, the body will have time to form antibodies to the disease.
When vaccination is useless
There are several reasons when a vaccine does not have the necessary effect:
- the rabbit was infected before vaccination,
- vaccination schedule was not followed,
- there was no preliminary deworming of the animal,
- an expired drug was administered,
- the vaccine was made to a sick or weakened rabbit.
The vaccination will pass without complications and will give the desired effect, if you strictly adhere to the vaccination schedule, use freshly prepared preparations and prick only healthy animals.
Предлагаем к просмотру наглядную видеоинструкцию о том, как правильно вакцинировать кроликов.
Наиболее распространены комплексные вакцины в комбинации ВГБК и миксоматоз. Они представляют собой ассоциированные вакцины для кроликов, то есть в упаковке два флакона, содержимое которых нужно смешать перед применением.
Here is a list of popular drugs:
- "Nobivak Myxo-RHD" (LLC Intervet - the Russian division of the Dutch company MSD Animal Health),
- "Rabbiwak VB" (LLC Trading House "BiAgro", Russia),
- "Lapimun Hemix" ("BTL" Ukraine),
- Pestorin Mormyx ("Biooveta", Czech Republic).
For the complex prevention of bacterial infections in rabbits there is a drug “Vaccine OKZ” against salmonellosis, colibacillosis, Proteus, Klebsiellose s / v and fur animals produced by “Agrovetservice”, Ukraine.
Preparation for vaccination
Before vaccination, some measures must be taken to prepare the rabbits for vaccine administration.
- De-worming. One to two weeks before vaccination, rabbits are given anthelmintic drugs. If previously planned deworming was carried out, then within three months after it can be vaccinated without additional giving of anthelmintic agents.
- The body temperature of the rabbit (in the rectum) should be in the range of 38.5 to 39.5 ° C. Measure it the day before vaccination or immediately before the introduction of the vaccine. In large farms, temperature measurements are usually not carried out, limited to a cursory examination of the animal.
- Carefully observe the rabbits, paying attention to the nature of the chair, the color and amount of urine, general condition, hair, discharge from the eyes and nose.
The basic rule is that the vaccine should be administered only to healthy animals. It is unacceptable to vaccinate rabbits, which are weakened by disease, transportation, or poorly gaining live weight (depleted).
If the vaccination is planned to be carried out on its own, then you need to stock up on drugs in case of the development of allergic reactions.
How to vaccinate rabbits yourself
It is better if a specially trained person - a veterinarian or a technician - is to be vaccinated. But sometimes the services of a specialist are too expensive or simply unavailable due to the remoteness of the farm from the station. In these cases, you can vaccinate yourself. When starting a vaccination, follow these guidelines.
- Carefully read the instructions for the vaccine. All manufacturers describe in detail the timing of administration, how to give the injection, the dose, the need for revaccination and other necessary information.
- Correctly enter a vaccine - according to the instruction intramuscularly, intracutaneously or subcutaneously. Vaccination site - thigh, withers or auricle. Use disposable syringes, automatic syringes or special injectors (for insertion into the auricle or needleless method).
- It is undesirable to carry out vaccination in strong heat - at an ambient temperature of +28 ° C, rabbits stay away from injections longer.
- Buy vaccines from a trusted supplier, check the expiration date, the name of the drug, ask for quality certificates.
- Observe the “cold chain” mode - storage and transportation of the vaccine should be carried out at a temperature of + 2 to + 8 ° C. Do not allow freezing of the drug.
- Dry vaccines are diluted with sterile distilled water (water for injection) or with a special diluent for the vaccine.
- After opening the bottle or diluting the powder, the drug is valid for three hours.
At first, you will need an assistant to fix the rabbit.
Breeding rabbits vaccination
According to the instructions for vaccines, pregnant and lactating rabbits can be vaccinated without restrictions. But it is better to postpone the time of vaccination for rabbits at another time, so as not to cause them stress. Breeding rabbits, it is desirable to vaccinate two weeks before mating, so that immunity protects the offspring. Also, without vaccination, the mother can get sick before the development of immunity, and in this case, she will not be able to bear and give birth to healthy rabbits normally.
Complications after vaccination
Normally healthy rabbits tolerate vaccines well. They need several hours to adapt to stress. In some cases, allergic reactions to the vaccine are possible, which develop within 15 minutes after the injection and exhibit the following symptoms:
- redness of the mucous membranes,
- skin rash,
- lethargy and loss of consciousness.
To relieve an allergic reaction, antihistamines are administered intramuscularly to the rabbit — Dimedrol or Suprastin at a dose of 0.2–0.3 ml. To maintain cardiac activity, 0.2–0.3 ml of the solution “Caffeine sodium benzoate” or “Sulfocamphocain” and 10–20 ml of saline are injected subcutaneously.
After vaccination rabbits after how much you can slaughter them? Most vaccine manufacturers indicate that there is no waiting time after drug administration. Nevertheless, it is not recommended to carry out the slaughter during the week, as there may be various inflammatory reactions at the injection site that reduce the presentation of the carcass.
So, let's repeat what vaccinations rabbits need to do in order to protect pets from infectious diseases. This is primarily myxomatosis and viral hemorrhagic disease. They are warned by the introduction of a comprehensive vaccine in early spring. Six months later, in the autumn, on the basis of the testimony, a vaccine against UGBC may be given with a single vaccine. Infections that are common in your area, from which you need to vaccinate rabbits additionally, you need to know the local district veterinary station.