What distinguishes a wasp from a bee, most people learned back in school. To some, this “secret” was revealed by acquaintances, friends or relatives. At the same time, there are people who are still poorly versed in this issue. The interest in the difference between a wasp and a bee is sharply awakened if a human is stung by some of these insects. Let's finally finally figure out which of these "flyers" produces delicious honey, and who behaves like a military aggressor, constantly attacking and hurting.
The first thing that distinguishes a wasp from a bee is its appearance. In flight, of course, looking at the flyer's appearance is difficult enough, but if you stand still for a moment and wait until the insect lands to rest, then it will not be so difficult to determine its type. Pay attention to the photo of the bee and wasp. The latter refers to the order Stebellabiate, its body is elongated, has a noticeable and bright coloring, does not contain lint, that is, it is smooth. In the chest, it seems to be too tight a corset, whence came the well-known phrase “wasp waist”. The bee looks a little different. According to the classification, it belongs to the order Hymenoptera, which, in turn, belongs to the Apoidea superfamily. Her body has a rounded shape and is covered on top with small villi. The color of the bee is not as bright as wasps. And if you look closely, then you can see yellow-black stripes on the body.
The second difference between a wasp and a bee consists in the peculiarities of the use of the sting: the bees can use it only once in their life, at the very least. After the bite of this insect, its sting remains in the body of the victim, and the bee itself dies. Another thing is a wasp that never part with its weapon and can attack several times in a row. All this affects the motivation of the bite, which does not hurt to learn more. A bee stings only when it feels a real threat and danger of its life or hive. Wasp has a bothersome and aggressive nature and can attack for the most trivial reason.
Type of activity
The third difference between these flyers is that, thanks to the bees, we always have the opportunity to feast on the most delicious, most useful and beautiful product from floral nectar. Who among us does not like honey? Probably, such people do not exist at all. In addition, do not forget about wax and propolis, which are the raw material for the manufacture of various medicines. In contrast to the worker of the bee, the sidling wasp does nothing useful for man. This insect lives in a hive built from various wastes and debris, and feeds on anything. Wasps are very unpretentious to food and consume everything: nectar, and jam, forgotten on the table, and watermelon ... If there is any gnawed midge on the road, it will also be used. In contrast, a bee is a true vegan, and this is another sign that helps determine how a wasp differs from a bee.
We hope now that from now on it will be not so difficult to figure out who exactly is flying in front of you. In any case, it is better not to disturb bees and os, because their bites can bring not only pain, but also serious consequences, especially when there is an allergy.
Despite the fact that wasps and bees belong to the same order of hymenoptera and are essentially related to each other, there are many differences between them. We will not take into account the exotic species of flyers and consider:
- common types of paper wasps,
- hornets - typical representatives of social wasps,
- bumblebees - ambassadors from the family of real bees.
To identify the difference between a bee and a wasp can be visually in appearance. Color bee yellow muted colors with black stripes. The little body is covered with hairs.
The wasp also has a smooth body with no signs of hair, rich yellow and contrasting black stripes. The bright "robe" of the insect is noticeable at a great distance. And the wasp does not need a dense pile, because picking up nectar does not belong to its main business.
The color of the body is one of the main signs of difference between a bee and a wasp.
It was not for nothing that the wasp was famous for its wasp waist - interception between the belly and chest. In the photo the graceful bend is seen especially clearly. Body shape elongated elongated. On closer examination, powerful jaws and thin legs stand out.
The hornet looks very similar to a wasp, but only with more developed jaws and a thickened waist.
On a note! The hornet is the largest insect among the traditional wasps and bees, it is two or three times larger in size. Dimensions of the flyer can reach 5-6 cm.
A bee has a more rounded body and the interception between its parts is barely distinguishable. In comparison with the wasp proportions harmonious. The abdomen differs in shape depending on what degree the insect occupies in the bee hierarchy. For workers of honey workers, it is egg-shaped, for the uterus is elongated, and for drones it has a blunted ending. Unlike wasps, bees have so-called baskets on thick legs — containers in which they place floral nectar.
Differences in lifestyle and behavior
The flight path and manner of controlling one’s own body are no less noticeable differences between the bee and the wasp. The gatherer of honey flies smoothly. The wasp develops a decent speed, because of which its movements sometimes become jerky and it is capable of “hanging” in space for short periods of time.
The most relaxed "driving style" in bumblebees. Because of their size and weight, they fly slowly, without haste. Watching the flying bumblebee, it seems that the poor fellow keeps himself in the air with great efforts.
Interesting! For a long time, naturalists generally considered the version that the flight qualities of bumblebees appear contrary to all the laws of aerodynamics.
For all representatives, it is common for families to live:
- Domestic bees live in houses, carefully prepared by beekeepers. Wild animals create a hive in the hollows of trees, rocky gorges. Occasionally there are bees who prefer a solitary lifestyle.
- Wasps can also live in organized families with a strict lifestyle, where everyone performs their function, or be a hermit. In contrast to bees, wasp nests look like paper ones, the material for their production is chewed grass and wood.
- Bumblebees live in few colonies, the number of which does not exceed 200 individuals. They build their nests in abandoned rodent holes, in hollows of trees. They prefer to go alone for food, while wasps are most often moved in groups.
- Hornets, as it should be wasps, build paper nests. Only in the role of building materials are rotten stumps, branches, so their home is brown in color, not gray.
The bee is a true vegetarian and collects only nectar, flower pollen. Her principles of nutrition are shared by the bumblebee - the same connoisseur of floral products.
The diet of wasps and bees is significantly different.
But wasps and hornets are avid hunters and predators. The protein menu is necessary for the larvae, so the working individuals attack small insects, sometimes even exceeding them in size. Often their prey becomes a bee, a fly. To immobilize the victims, the wasps did not always use their main weapon, the sting.
They successfully cope with weak opponents by means of powerful jaws. Each species has its own strategy and tactics of attack, but in most cases they drag their prey into the nest, riding it.
Wasps, stuck around a piece of meat, fish, fallen animal - an ordinary phenomenon. With their powerful jaws, they bite off tiny pieces of meat and bring them to the larvae in a chewed state.
With great enthusiasm, wasps and hornets taste fermented or fresh fruits, sugar-containing products, sugary drinks and even beer.
What is the difference between insect bites?
People quite often become victims of stinging insects. In this connection, the question arises, how does a bee sting differ from a wasp sting, and who of them dies after the attack. Both creatures have a sting in their arsenal. Only now they apply it in a different way.
Left - sting wasp, right - sting instrument bees
The photo clearly shows that the sting of the bee is uneven with protruding notches. Outwardly very similar to the harpoon. When an insect attacks, it injects a sting into the skin, and poisonous substances enter through the thin channel. The bee attempts to pull out its instrument, but the uneven surface of the stinger prevents it from doing so. As a result of efforts, it detaches from the calf, and with it the sac with poison, as well as the internal organs, most often the intestines. Such injuries cause bee death.
A wasp has a better weapon. The sting is almost smooth and extremely sharp. It is considered one of the sharpest instruments in the world. During the bite poisonous components come through it. Each type of their composition is different.
Body shape allows the wasp to attack its victim at any angle. After the attack, the insect unobstructedly removes the instrument from the victim’s skin and is removed back home or makes a second attack.
On a note! If you want to experience for yourself and find out how the bites of bees and wasps look and how they differ, be sure, at the sight of the approaching minke whale, begin vigorously waving your arms, making loud sounds. So you significantly increase the chances of being bitten.
Pain after bites appear not so much because of damage to the skin, but because of the components of the poison, which cause burning, itching and possible allergic reactions. The greatest discomfort and suffering are hornet bites, followed by bumblebees, wasps and bees according to the degree of painful sensations.
Bees, wasps, bumblebees, hornet have many differences, despite the fact that they are from the same order. Having carefully studied the photograph of each, you can recognize them unmistakably in appearance. All these insects play a role in nature and benefit the person. Bees are suppliers of honey, and wasps exterminate and reduce the number of pests.
According to the classification, they belong to different orders - so different in the description and behavior. Bees are easily recognizable by shaggy calf. They have a round, massive. Yellow and black stripes on the body are not bright color, and muffled.
The wasps represent a special mixture of insects that have borrowed a lot from bees and ants. Their body is long, narrow, has a characteristic "waist" near the chest. At the same time, the torso is absolutely smooth, without villi. And the colors are very martial: the black and yellow stripes are bright, distinct.
Bees are not in vain called workers. They constantly work for the benefit of a large family and the quality of the hive. Working individuals build housing from wax, which is produced independently. Also produce bee products, which are useful for us.
But the wasps are not able to produce anything, they do not represent any benefit to people. Moreover, wasp hives are built from waste, small debris.
Attention! Wasps, unlike bees, feed on very varied foods. These are fruits, berries, nectar, flies and other small insects.
Bees are friendly creatures that always guard their home. They can attack only if the hive is in danger. But the wasps are aggressive, always attacking first. They are the worst enemies of bees, because they rob their hives in order to get ready-made food.
Attitude to the uterus:
- The bees create a royal condition for the bee-maid. She is always surrounded by retinues of assistants, she is fed and sang, takes care of her condition, and can even be transferred to a more comfortable area of the hive.
- The wasp queen is doomed to live alone. She independently builds a nest for herself, lives without assistants and guards, and in her solitude makes laying of larvae.
Sore in different ways
Bee sting leads to the death of the insect. Therefore, the bees do not attack first, but only defend themselves. The sting remains in the opponent or on the human skin and comes off together with a part of the internal organs. Therefore, bees sting only in extreme cases. The wasp sting is strong, it does not remain in our skin. A sting insect enjoys its entire life and does not die after being bitten. Thanks to this feature you can easily distinguish their bites.
As it turned out, the difference between the two types of insects is huge. And their visual similarity is very deceptive. Therefore, it is worthwhile to fear the wasps, but not to drive away and not to show aggression if a bee flies close by.
Difference between bee and wasp
There is such a legend that wasps created the devil, and the bees - God. Following the legend, it is thanks to the blessing that bees stand guard over human health by supplying such important and necessary components of many medicines as honey, wax, propolis.
And, nevertheless, the similarity of these two insects leads to confusion, in which we have to understand.
If you ask a child who is in front of him, a wasp or a bee, he will most likely get confused. But adults are often unable to distinguish between a bee and a wasp. And, nevertheless, there are quite a few external differences in these insects.
Bees belong to the order of Hymenoptera of the Apoidea superfamily. They look like this: the body is somewhat rounded, covered with villi. The bee, like many similar insects, has yellow-black stripes on the body, muted color.
Wasps do not have a strict scientific definition; they include those from the suborder of stalk-winged beetles, which cannot be attributed to bees or ants. The wasps have a long body, which is constricted in the chest area. The body of the wasps is smooth, lint-free. The coloring of the wasp is similar to the bee - the same stripes, but only bright, noticeable.
Bees by nature belong to the workers. They are willing to work endlessly for the benefit of the hive. Collecting nectar from flowers, the bees produce many useful products that are used in the pharmaceutical and human nutrition. Honeycomb bees are built from wax produced by them.
Food wasps quite varied. They do not disdain any fruit or nectar. In the diet of wasps, there are also delicacies, which include flies, and other small insects.
In case of danger, the bees sting, but only if they are attacked first. In this way they protect the hive. After the bee has stung, it dies, leaving a sting in the body of an opponent.
In the family of bees there is a certain hierarchy, the highest level in which the queen bee occupies. It is about her well-being that work bees take care. In winter, it creates all the conditions for a comfortable existence.
In addition to the sting, the wasp for defense against opponents uses the jaw apparatus, which, in principle, is not typical of insects of its family. The hornet's uterus spends the winter alone, it has no assistants and guards. Alone, she lays larvae and builds a nest.
- The bee has a more rounded body. The cover has villi, the color is muffled. The wasp, on the contrary, has a smooth elongated body and bright colors.
- Bees produce healthy products: wax, honey, propolis. Wasps produce no wholesome foods.
- Bees are not the first to attack, wasps are predators by nature, they can sting for no apparent reason.
- After the bee stings, it dies. Wasps are able to sting repeatedly, and besides bite, using the jaw apparatus.
- Bees feed exclusively on pollen, while wasp ration is more diverse.
The queen bee is surrounded by care from other members of the family, whereas the wasp queen is forced to take care of itself.
What distinguishes a wasp from a bee
Many have heard the legend of the creation of bees by God, and os - the devil. This separation is based on the fact that bees create honey, taking care of human health, and wasps collect garbage from the garbage and suffer a lot of diseases. So how does a wasp differ from a bee?
Outwardly, these insects are very similar. The most interesting thing is that a child can easily confuse these "hummers". But in reality, these insects belong to different orders and differ significantly in habits and habitat.
Bees belong to the order of Hymenoptera, and wasps are difficult to enlist in a specific group. Therefore, they were attributed to the stalkatus, which do not belong to ants and bees. Bees drink dew, and their evil "girlfriends" quench their thirst with anything.
Differences in insect coloration
Insects have a difference in coloring. On the abdomen of the worker there are dark and bright stripes, but their contours are blurred. The “devilish creation” stripes are distinct, yellow and black. The body of the bee is covered with villi, the wasp, in turn, is completely bald.
The belly of the worker has a rounded shape and resembles a stomach. The wasp is divided into two parts in the chest. Нижняя часть тонкая и имеет продолговатую форму.
Среда обитания и жизнедеятельность
Пчел относят к труженицам. Они с утра до ночи собирают нектар, строят соты. Самое интересное, что хранилища для собранного меда тоже изготовлены пчелами из собственных ферментов. The glands on the paws produce a kind of honey glue that joins the pieces of wax, so the mass resembles the building mixture.
The apparent differences of insects
Devil Creatures produce nothing and do not produce it. They can safely be considered parasites, as they build nests from waste and feed on anything. Their diet consists of such products:
- garbage from landfills
- small insects,
- carrion birds and animals
- fresh and rotten fruits and vegetables.
As you can see, wasps eat very diverse, unlike bees. Because of the constant stay in the dumps on the paws of these insects, there are very many causative agents of various diseases. Accordingly, after a bite, infection or attachment of a bacterial infection is possible. You can distinguish insects by the picture.
What is different in stressful situations?
Workers take care of their womb and constantly protect the hive. But they never attack first in case of danger. Only if you decide to climb into their housing, then get ready for an attack.
That is why it is recommended not to move if a wasp flies near you. She will quickly respond to your movements and brushing with a bite. After the bite, she does not die, since her sting is long and has the shape of a spear. Workers always leave their sting in the body of the enemy and die. The bumblebee is also very similar to a bee, but its poison is less dangerous.
How to distinguish insects?
Carefully look at the color and the presence of a gun on the body. The wasp has no hairs, and the belly is long and thin. It is slightly longer than a bee, but thinner than it. Look at what surrounds you. If there is an apiary near, then, most likely, this worker returns from the honey collection to the hive. If there is a cesspool nearby, then the annoying insect is a wasp.
How do bees differ from wasps and bumblebees? What does a bee look like?
First of all, insects differ in appearance and color. In bumblebees and bees, the colors are less bright, softer, not conspicuous, and in wasps and hornets, the color is causing, indicating that it is impossible to joke with them.
Here is a general comparison.
The insect profile does not show their real size. The real ratio is:
Consider insects a little closer. A bumblebee is a plump, fluffy, flying and buzzing insect that does not bother anyone.
The bee is a small non-intrusive, inconspicuous insect that is very useful for humans, very shaggy.
The hornet is a blood-yellow giant killer, in front of which everyone trembles.
Consider each insect in more detail and as we will see each of them has its own face:
Bumblebee Bee Wasp Hornet
Insects vary in feeding habits. Bees and bumblebees feed only on the nectar and pollen of flowering plants, for which they are provided with a long trunk for pumping nectar from the plants and numerous hairs on the body.
Wasps and hornets are omnivorous predatory insects that have an important ecological role. They can eat nectar, berries, vegetables, other insects. Adult wasps visit juice outlets on tree trunks (in particular, elm and aspen trees), and inflorescences of various plants - creeper (Cirsium sp.), Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa L.).
Wasps are often referred to as agricultural pests: wasps on grapes. However, in urban areas, the range of food expands significantly - here, wasps visit markets with open trays (berries and fruits), kvass selling points, food junk, consume jam, etc.
To feed the fry, working wasps actively trap various small insects, including bees, but mainly the larvae of small lepidoptera (Lepidoptera), various dipterous (Diptera), in particular, eristalis (Eristalis tenax L.) flies, and green fall flies (Lucilia sp.).
In urban conditions, as in the extraction of carbohydrates, the spectrum of protein sources is expanding - wasps do not squeamish meat products (in particular, boiled sausage, decommissioned meat, etc.).
Hornets are predators and feed on various insects: gadflies, bees, flies, gadflies. ... They love to feast on the sap of trees, floral nectar, fruits and berries.
It is worth noting, however, that the danger of hornets and wasps for bees is greatly exaggerated. Wasps and hornets are sweepers, they eat the weakest individuals of bees, but, in addition, they cleanse nature from far greater pests: flies, butterflies, and so on.
All insects differ in defense / attack mode. Bumblebees, bees, wasps and hornets have a formidable weapon-sting. However, not everyone is willing to use it. Thus, in bumblebees, females and working bumblebees have a sting, but they very rarely use it.
Although the sting of the bumblebee is almost smooth and it can be used repeatedly.
The wasps and hornets in the process of evolution have developed a more advanced weapon - the sting of a predator, which is also equipped with notches, but these notches are smaller than those of bees, and most importantly, there is no peculiar knot at the tip of the sting, which allows the wasps and hornets to sting repeatedly. A comparison of the sting of a wasp and a honeybee is below:
Comparison of stings
Insects differ in the structure of other organs and in general anatomy, but this is too big a topic and not very popular to be considered on the pages of this blog.
You can find out what kind of insect from the presented lives near your house, even without seeing this insect. Just look at its nest.
How to distinguish a bee from a wasp?
Bees and wasps are very similar insects, so it is important to know how to distinguish a wasp from a bee. Bees belong to hymenoptera, and wasps do not have a scientific classification. Externally, the bees have a rounded body striped color. As a rule, the stripes are black and dull yellow, brownish.
The body is elongated and pointed, and the stripes are much brighter. Also, the bees have a hairy body, and the wasps do not. The main difference between a bee and a wasp is that the latter do not carry honey.
Wasps, for example, exterminate really harmful insects, they feed future offspring with wasps. Both wasps and bees can sting. True, the bees are not so often found in the city, as they live near the flower fields.
By the way, only thanks to the bees about 80% of all plants are pollinated. It can sting a bee only once in its life, since there is a hook on the tip of its sting, because of which it cannot get the sting out of the victim's body.
Wasps can sting many times, and they also bite their jaws.
The semantics of the names of species of wasps and bees is quite fascinating. For example, public wasps are called this way, because they live in a whole society, with their own charter and hierarchy. Also, these wasps are called paper, since they build their houses from paper.
It is striking that the wasps themselves produce paper. With their strong jaws, the wasps gnaw wood, chew it, dilute it with saliva and get paper.
The honeybee is called that for obvious reasons. There are also bricklayers who build their homes from real cement.
Bees rarely fly into human housing, as they feed exclusively on pollen. Wasps are attracted to human food: honey, fruits, juices, and even meat that they carry to the larvae.
The composition of the wasp venom includes alkali, and it must be neutralized with acid, for example, vinegar. Bee venom is even useful, as it can treat diseases of the nervous and circulatory systems. It also increases the level of hemoglobin in the body.
Despite the fact that the bites of these insects are quite painful, they rarely cause complications and problems. The only exception may be an allergy to the components of bee and wasp poisons.
Bees rarely bite just like that, but wasps can attack first, since they are predators by nature. In addition to honey and poison, the bees produce wax that is useful and necessary for humans. Wasps also destroy insect pests, for example, flies. That is why these insects should be protected.
General information about insects
The first mention of bees was recorded 15 thousand years ago, and messages about the uniqueness and mysteriousness of communication between insects are rooted in the 17th century. In those days, it was established that the transfer of information and the language of the bees lies in the dances, which differ in special movements, flight speed and buzzing force.
Among the wasps there are equally living and collective species. Therefore, biologists consider wasp the most convenient object to study the way of life of animals and the transition from solitary to colonial existence, and then to social interaction with the hierarchy.
Bees form a family that is represented by 3 types of insects: the queen, the worker bee and the drone. Individuals differ in size and shape. The structure of the body of the insect forms:
- hard, flexible chitinous cover (external skeleton).
They are considered descendants of the ancient wasps, from whom at a certain stage of development some abilities were acquired or lost. Unlike wasps, where the uterus is obliged to take care of itself, in the bee family it is surrounded by all-round care from the whole family.
The main difference of a bee is the presence of a triangular head with the main part of the nervous system and brain concentrated in it. In the middle of the head, along the crown there is a seam, from which complex (faceted) eyes of the insect are located on both sides.
A branched nerve fits below each tube. The eye of a working insect consists of 4-5 thousand facets, the uterus - up to 5 thousand, and the drone - up to 6-8 thousand. Simple eyes are on the crown of the head, and the so-called third eye is on the epicranial suture line. The peculiarity of the structure of the organs of vision consists in the form of transmission and processing of external information.
The wasp has 2 pairs of membranous wings, and its body size is 1.5 cm to 10 cm. On the sides of the head of the wasp there are 2 large and complex eyes, giving the insect the opportunity to see simultaneously in different directions.
Below on the front side is the forehead, from which 2 mobile articular antennae (antennas) extend.
On them are located organs of smell, intended for their orientation in dark space. The antennae perceives the antennae as humidity, temperature, carbon dioxide level in the nest.
On the head, the wasp has antennae that perform the following functions:
- remote and direct perception,
- measuring cell sizes when building a nest,
- taste buds.
The insect has 3 pairs of legs attached to the lower part of the chest and consisting of 9 segments. The foot itself is formed from another 5 parts interconnected by a chitinous film. The wings of the bee are composed of membranes and supported by the veins in a strained state, and when flying - perpendicular to the body.
The anatomical structure of a bee consists of organs:
- lymphatic system
- genital organs, which are located in the abdominal part.
In the case of a honey insect, the abdomen is egg-shaped, in the uterus - oblong, and in drones - with a dulled end. It consists of segments that are a ring of 2 halves. Drones have 7 segments, the rest - 6. Between the last segments is a pallid apparatus.
The internal structure of the bee in the section is as follows: a number of glands, vessels, nodes, food organs. A feature of the structure of the respiratory system is the presence of air bags without chitinous lining inside and the tracheal system with holes in the rings, which open depending on the state of the insect and the degree of its load.
The nervous system of a bee consists of the following parts:
The weight of the bee depends on the functional responsibilities in the family. For a honeybee, it is 0.1 g, and the uterus - 0.25 g.
The mouth apparatus of the wasp, in contrast to the bee, is intended for grinding the plant mass, which insects use to build a nest or for food.
Sting of insects
The bee sting has small notches, due to which it always remains in the body of the victim. If you look at the sting of a bee under a microscope, you can see on it a chitin stylet with a thickening in the form of a saw at the proximal end. Inside the stylet are 2 lancets.
Wasps, hornets, ants also use the sting. This organ is a modified ovipositor and is located behind the abdominal region. The sting is a pointed organ and part of the body. With it, a wasp or a bee injects a toxic substance under the skin.
After a bite on the spot where the bee’s sting is located, an open mortal wound is formed. It can sting not only the honey, but also the uterus, if necessary, to protect the family from attack and to fight someone else’s womb.
The main differences in the structure of the sting wasp and bee:
- The sting of a wasp has small notches,
- the wasp on the tip of the sting is missing a knot,
- the bee leaves its sting in the victim and dies,
- The wasp can sting several times.
How to distinguish wasp bite from a bee? In case of danger, the bees never attack first, but sting solely for self-defense, and die after the bite.
Wasps are aggressive insects, they are annoying and can sting at the most unexpected moment.
Unlike bees, when externally threatened, wasps use not only the sting, but also the jaw. The wasp sting is very painful, and in the presence of an allergic reaction in a person can be dangerous.
Food and insect habitat
Among the wasps there are predators and herbivores. Depending on the species, the wasps feed on a very diverse range: aphids, pollen, nectar, insects, fruit juice. Predatory wasps catch their prey and paralyze with poison.
Wasps live everywhere, not found only in the Arabian Peninsula, the Arctic and the Sahara. The conditions necessary for the life of bees are noticeably different: for insects, plant resources with fruit trees, pastures, fields with technical and grain crops (sunflower, buckwheat) are necessary.
Productivity in the collection of honey depends largely on the amount of brood grown by the workers. The speed of flight of a bee with a filled goiter is 30-40 km / h. With intensive work, the amount of nectar collected by the bee family is 10-12 kg.
During the day, the worker bee makes 26 sorties. The mass of the bee is not stable. During the first flight, the bee's mass is 0.122 g, in flight - 0.120 g, and the old flight - 0.108 g.
The life of a bee that was born in autumn can be 7-8 months, and a summer one can be up to 6 weeks. But the life expectancy of insects can be regulated if the family for some reason has lost its uterus.
The difference between a bee and a wasp is not only external. According to the way of life, bees are toilers who work for the good of the family. Collecting nectar from flowers, they produce many useful products:
Many of them are used in the pharmaceutical industry (bee venom). Wasps are not able to produce healthy foods, and they build honeycombs from waste.
Bees feed exclusively on pollen, and the wasp diet is varied and includes an abundance of food. Very often in the garden they can be found on ripe apples or peaches, and by carelessness be stung.
What is the difference between OCA and APIs?
Have you ever wondered how a wasp is different from a bee? It is not easy to distinguish between the two insect species. This article will help to clearly distinguish between wasp and bee.
Wasps are stalked hymenoptera. Externally, the wasp differs not so thick as that of a bee, scalp. This is because the wasp does not collect pollen.
Unlike bees, which prefer plant food, wasps feed their offspring with insects, especially spiders. Mature wasps feed on the nectar of flowers and the blood of the victims. Wasp larvae can consume solid food.
Usually there are two types of wasps: solitary and social. Single wasps do not build nests. The female finds food in the ground, for example, beetle larvae, paralyzes them and lays eggs on them. But most species of wasps still build nests.
Nest can serve as a mink in the ground or a house of clay. Some species of wasps paralyze several larvae at once, so something like a honeycomb is obtained. Each cell contains a larva that feeds on insects paralyzed by the female.
Digging wasps differ from other species in their particular behavior. They feed the offspring with various insects, and build nests in the stems of plants, for example, blackberries, and fill them with aphids for the larvae.
This type of feeding is also distinguished as a “one-time allowance”: a wasp digs up a mink in the ground, about 5 cm deep, which expands to the larval chamber at the end, lays several small caterpillars into the wasp chamber, then lays eggs on them.
The larva grows and feeds on caterpillars, then forms a cocoon, and a full-fledged individual emerges from the cocoon, pulling out its way upward.
Public wasps live in colonies. They build their houses of cells, which are hung on a special leg to the walls and eaves of buildings, as well as to the branches of trees.
These cells are like paper and are made from chewed grass and wood. Public wasps are divided into egg-laying, which are also called queens, and working individuals, which do not lay eggs.
The uterus usually builds one cell and immediately lays an egg into it, then gradually the rest are built around the first cell. The uterus feeds the hatched larvae with chewed insects. During feeding, the larvae secrete saliva, which is taken by adults.
After which the cell is cleaned and used for another larva. The larvae usually mature at the end of summer, some survive the winter, falling into a stupor, while others die.
Some species of wasps in the south of the USA put honey into cells.
Пчел, как и ос, относят к отряду перепончатокрылых. Тело у пчел черное с желтыми пятнами, более коренастое, чем у ос, волосяной покров гуще. В отличие от ос, и личинки, и взрослые особи пчел едят только растительную пищу: пыльцу и нектар.
Некоторые пчелы в процессе эволюции развили такое полезное качество, как опыление цветков только одного вида. The main benefit of bees is not honey and not wax, but their ability to pollinate. Honey bees can be moved from place to place to pollinate agricultural products.
Like wasps, bees are social, semi-social and solitary. Most bees are solitary. Some of them dig up minks in the ground, some live in the stems of plants and in the crowns of trees.
From the inside, the bee breaks the mink with a thin layer of wax, then brings there pollen and nectar, lays eggs from above and closes the entrance to the mink with stone or earth. After that, the bee begins to build a new cell.
The larvae of bees feed on nectar and pollen, having formed, become either a pupa, from which a full-fledged individual then emerges, or remain in the larval state for a very long time. Those species in which the larval stage is short, overwinter in nests.
An interesting way to spend the night bees: usually males gather for a night in a swarm on the stems of plants and interlock with their jaws.
Semi-public bees build several nests nearby, each of which is often occupied by more than one bee. Interestingly, each bee feeds only its own offspring. You can often see bee guards outside the hive.
Bumblebees are representatives of social bees, they are distinguished by their large size, bright yellow color and especially long hairs on the body. Young individuals of the bumblebee appear in the fall, with the onset of winter, the males die, and the queen buries are buried in the ground to winter.
There are also non-stinging bees. Since the sting is a modified ovipositor, respectively, only females can sting, and for some bees the sting is simply reduced.
Interestingly, the phenomenon of robbing bees. On their hind legs there are no baskets for collecting pollen, they do not pollinate flowers, but are engaged in capturing and redoing other people's nests for the purpose of obtaining food.
Bee honey is nectar, partially digested by a bee, which it belches into honeycombs. Set off bee seals honeycombs with a special wax layer. Wax is released from bees from special glands.
- Externally, the wasp differs from the bee in a more slender body and a less dense hairline.
- Wasps do not collect pollen and do not pollinate plants, unlike bees, whose main purpose in nature is to pollinate flowers.
- Since bees are pollinators, they have special pollination devices in the form of baskets on their feet, in which pollen is carried.
- The wasps feed their larvae with animal food, and the bees only plant food.
- The wasps paralyze the prey, the bees bring their "fresh" caterpillars to their offspring.
- Bees produce honey, while only some species of wasps can do this.
- Bees cover the inner surface of the mink with a thin layer of wax, and wasps do not emit wax.
- Bees build beehives from wax, and wasps make their cameras from a chewed mixture of wood and grass, which resembles paper.
- Representatives of public bees live in mink, abandoned by rodents and in the nests of birds, and public wasps themselves build their homes.
The differences and similarities of wasps, bees, and bumblebees
The differences between the bee wasp and the bumblebee are rather difficult to isolate, and the resemblance of insects, at first glance, is not all visible either. The initial similarity of these three species, which determines their common gene, these yellow-black insects belong to the order Hymenoptera, they are all equally useful for agriculture.
And one more similarity, about which the sane person first of all recalls - the sting. More on this weapon, sometimes lethal to the victim, will be discussed later. Now about each whale more.
Nests and honeycombs
This item points more to the differences in these representatives of the membranous wings, than to their similarities. The place of residence of domestic bees is the hive of the creation of human hands. Wild bees live in hollows of trees.
The shape of combs in bees and wasps has a neat symmetrical appearance. Their honeycomb symmetrical shape looks more ambitious than the nests of bumblebee larvae, lined up in a row.
Bees live in fairly large families several times larger than the number of members of the bee colony. The latter simply do not need such a mass of bee souls since they are inactive in winter, unlike bees, which keep their pace during the cold season.
Do wasps and bumblebees honey
As for honey, bee and bumblebee compositions are different. In the composition of the honey bumblebee honey, the amount of sucrose proteins and minerals is two times greater than in the bee product.
And he, in turn, has an advantage in storage time, regardless of air temperature. Bumblebee honey is stored only in the refrigerator, otherwise it will soon ferment.
Wasps, unlike bees and bumblebees, do not collect nectar and pollen do not produce honey. They participate in pollination indirectly and not always if they happen to be on a flower to find prey for their larvae (aphids and other small insects).
The wasps are also different from their honey-bearing counterparts in that the larvae are fed on animal food, whereas in bees, the offspring are raised on pollen and nectar.
Means of self-defense of striped honey plants
Each insect described above has its own method of protection from danger, but the tool for the fight has a single name. The sting of the bee after the attack remains in the body of the victim, and the brave laborer dies after losing this part of her hymenoptera.
The danger of a bee sting or a bumblebee increases many times for people prone to allergies to substances secreted by these insects. You should be careful, being among the flowers, because the probability of meeting and offending a bee is quite high. Do not risk your health and life.
Vegetarians and predators
The honeybee (Ápis melliféra) is a social insect living in families, in which the duties of all members are strictly regulated.
The head of the family is the female bee queen. The body of the insect consists of 3 sections - the head, chest and abdomen, and is covered with the finest chitinous hairs.
The bee is an absolute vegetarian that feeds on nectar, plant pollen and honey, which is fermented nectar. For collecting and carrying nectar she has a proboscis and a special goiter. Pollen collection occurs due to hairs on the body and brushes or scallops on the legs.
In this case, the honey maker cannot pull out the sting, leaves it in the skin of her victim, along with part of the intestine, and perishes. 100-200 such attacks cause severe poisoning in a person, more than 500 - death.
Man uses not only the results of the vital activity of these amazing creatures - honey, pergu, propolis, wax, but also bee venom. Its healing properties are so high that on its basis a whole medical branch has developed - apitherapy.
Poison for the treatment of a wide range of diseases, first of all - diseases of the musculoskeletal system, is used in the composition of medicines, as well as in pure form. For this, an insect is applied to the sore spot so that it stings. The treatment is carried out under strict medical supervision.
Bumblebee (Bombus) - a relative of Ápis melliféra, belongs to the same family. It is a large, thick, shaggy hymenoptera: the female is 28 mm long and the male 24 mm long. It is also a social insect living in small families of up to 100 individuals.
Nests are located close to the ground, under the moss or between the stones and consist of honeycombs made of coarse wax or empty cocoons.
Bombus feeds on nectar and pollen, also produces honey. Bumble-bee honey in many respects exceeds the product produced by the inhabitants of apiaries, but it is impossible to collect it in sufficient quantities - insects do not make stocks, as the family does not have to spend the winter.
He is an unsurpassed pollinator. Greenhouse employees are trying to attract it to their farms in order to improve the fertility of the plants.
The sting of this hymenoptera is hollow, without chipping, only females who can use it repeatedly. Insect - not aggressive, stings very rarely, but painful. Edema and numbness develop at the site of injury.
The external difference between the well-known paper wasp and the honeybee is visible to the naked eye: the body of the first is slender, smooth, the breast at the junction with the abdomen is thinned, the body of the second is more rounded and hairy.
According to the entomological classification, the wasp is a representative of a special family, which includes many species. In our strip, the most widespread are the Vespids, or paper variety.
In the nest, the female builds a honeycomb and lays eggs there. Later, the larvae hatch from them. If the uterus is removed, the eggs begin to lay working individuals. The number of inhabitants of the nest for the season can reach several hundred, but in winter most of them will die.
Fertilized females, who establish new colonies in the spring, survive the winter. The main difference between Vespids and women hives - in the food system.
The builders of paper nests, like most of the wasp family, are predators. Moreover, adults feed on floral nectar and fruit juice, but their larvae require protein food. They chew flies, butterflies, pieces of meat, spoiled fish or carrion and feed their larvae.
The sting of these hymenoptera is hollow inside, has no chipping and is at the same time egg-laying. It does not get stuck in the skin of a mammal, and its owner can sting several times. Thin “wasp waist” makes it possible that the hymenoptera can fold almost in half and strike in any position.
The poison is much more allergenic than the poison of the inhabitants of apiaries, causing severe pain, swelling and cell destruction, especially in the case of an attack on the face — nose, eyes, mouth. Sad statistics confirms that every year a few dozen people in the world die because of ax attacks.
These stem-stalkers are equipped with powerful jaws, with which they apply painful bites.
Bees are representatives of the order of Hymenoptera, and wasps belong to the suborder of stinging insects of the stalk insect.
- Scientists are aware of more than 520 species of bees.
- Bees are found on all continents except Antarctica.
- She has a proboscis with which the bee collects pollen and also drinks sweet nectar.
- The bee has two pairs of wings, while the back pair is slightly shorter.
- The sizes of these insects vary between 2.1 mm and 39 mm.
- With the help of antennae, in the form of antennas, the insect is oriented in space.
- Bees live by a swarm, inside of which is the womb. Bees always protect it. In addition, the family has drones and worker bees.
- Adult bees can live, both separately and in families, where there is a division of labor.
- Working bees are busy with the fact that they constantly collect honey, and honeycombs for storage are built from special substances that they themselves secrete.
- In apiaries, bees live in hive families. In one hive can be up to 40 thousand bees.
There are several main types of bees, such as:
- Chinese wax bees.
- Alfalfa bee leaf cutter and others.
What you need to know about bees:
- Bees pollinate many plant species that are highly dependent on this process. Bees are extremely useful creatures and represent the most significant group of pollinators in the global ecosystem. Farmers often use the services of beekeepers, negotiating the location of apiaries around agricultural land.
- These tiny creatures play an important enough role in the balance of nature, which many people do not even suspect. People got used to this neighborhood so much that it seems that nothing threatens the bees at all. In fact, this is not the case and the bees are constantly exposed to negative influences: they die from poor ecology, from killer bees, from poisons in the fields and gardens, which leads to a decrease in the number of people all over the world.
- If the bees disappear, humanity is unlikely to survive, because without them it will not be possible to grow most of the crop. Only insects can cope with such a large-scale task as transferring pollen from male flowers to female ones. It will be difficult for a person to cope with a similar problem, and some farmers from the USA, China and other countries of the world were convinced of this when many bees died. I had to hire special workers to pollinate the plants.
- Nowadays, bees are affected by many factors that affect the behavior of bees. These are viruses, mobile signals, and chemistry. As a result of this action, the bees hardly find their way into their home. When new swarms are formed, they do not wish to fill the freed hives. Beekeepers went on demonstrations so that the government would take measures to conserve the population of these beneficial insects.
Interesting to know! Scientists know about 21 thousand species of bees, and in Europe there are about 1965 species. 400 species of them are endemic.
Benefit and harm from bees and wasps
It is often said that bees were created by god, and os - the devil. How true this statement is, you can learn from the lifestyle of those and other insects.
- An exceptionally useful insect that provides humans with valuable food - honey.
- These insects pollinate up to 80% of all plants of our planet.
- A bee can bite a person only if it provokes it.
- These insects often appear in places where food rot, causing them to endure dangerous ailments.
- Wasps fly just like that, they don’t give anything to a person, but they can steal honey.
- They build nests in close proximity to a person, as a result of which a person becomes an object of attack.
- Wasps can also live in families and singly, while the queen hibernates alone.
- They feed on ripe apples, pears, grapes, etc., causing significant damage to the crop.
- Striped aggressors bite very painfully. As a result of a wasp sting, an intoxication of the organism occurs.
- Wasps visit places that can be a source of dangerous diseases. Therefore, they may have pathogens of various infections on their paws. Even with a single bite of a wasp, there may be cases of secondary infection, which cannot be said about bees.
How to distinguish bees from wasps in appearance
If you carefully examine the wasp and the bee, you can see the characteristic differences. Therefore, the wasp and the bee can be distinguished by appearance and color. The bee has subtle stripes that are covered with short hairs, so this part of the body appears shaggy. The wasp, on the contrary, has a clear distribution between the black and yellow stripes, while no villi are present. The bee has a rounded abdomen, and the wasp has a clear separation in the chest area. In the lower part, you can see a long, oblong abdomen, no villi. In addition, the wasp does not have a proboscis, but it has powerful jaws.
This factor is the most interesting because it can be used to determine how useful the insect is. Bees feed on sweet nectar of honey plants, and wasps feed on damaged fruits and vegetables, as well as food waste. In addition, they catch insects, including bees, and also will not give up carrion birds and various animals.
Behavior in stressful situations
It is important for everyone to know that the behavior of these insects depends on the influence of various factors. You can piss off some insects as well as others. Bees always protect their hive in which the uterus is located. In the case of penetration into the hive, the bees immediately, the whole family stand up for protection. Wasps act in almost the same way in the case of an attack on their nest, you can get numerous bites. There is an opinion that wasps can attack just like that, but this is rather a myth. They sting only if they are provoked, and so wasps can fly and do not touch anyone. In any case, you need to be careful, both with bees and wasps.
The bee sting has its own characteristics: after the bite, the bee dies, as it fails to pull out the sting. It remains in the human body, along with part of the intestine. The sting has notches, so it firmly holds on to human skin. In addition, human skin is quite elastic and elastic. After a wasp sting, the sting in the wound does not remain, and the wasp can bite several times. During the bite, wasps use jaws, thanks to which they bite through human skin.
The wasp stings much more painful, but the nature of the bites has its similarities.
As mentioned above, wasps can bite several times. At the same time, there is a risk of infection, as wasps often visit places where there is complete lack of sanitation. As for the bee, the bite is not so dangerous, because the bees deal only with those that collect nectar from flowers - honey plants.
Each person should be able to provide first aid for bites of wasps and bees. Ignorance of these rules, as well as illiterate actions can harm human health. This is especially true for people prone to allergies, young children, expectant mothers and people with poor health.
As a result of a bee sting or a wasp, such characteristic signs appear:
- Swelling of the bite site.
- Severe throbbing pain.
- Deterioration of well-being.
In cases where the human body is hypersensitive, the reaction may be as follows:
- Swelling is increasing, laryngeal tissues, tongue and face area swell up.
- There are problems with breathing: choking attacks are possible.
- Сердце начинает биться гораздо чаще.
- Краснота распространяется на значительно большую площадь тела.
- Возможно повышение температуры тела или выделение холодного пота.
- У человека появляется чувство тревоги.
Проявляются анафилактические реакции, если степень интоксикации организма более тяжелая:
- Человек теряет сознание.
- Кровоизлияния в области глаз.
- Human skin becomes pale.
- The pulse is barely palpable or is 100 beats per minute, or even more.
- The pressure is either high or low.
- Breathing problems, the victim barely breathes.
- Tachycardia develops.
- There are painful sensations in the abdomen and breasts.
- The wound is very itchy.
- Nausea and dizziness may occur.
When to seek medical help
It is necessary to immediately call an ambulance if:
- In cases of multiple bites.
- When anaphylactic reactions occur.
- When a person is prone to allergies, but the necessary drugs were not at hand.
- When an insect has bitten the tongue, in the face or eye area.
- If the victim is a child or expectant mother.
First aid policy
- Remove the victim from the place where he was bitten by a wasp or a bee in a safe place.
- Pull out the sting if bitten by a bee, using tweezers, moistened with alcohol or cologne.
- The bite is wiped with cold water or another disinfectant solution.
- If this happened far from home, in nature, then the bite is washed with clean water, after which a leaf of plantain or dandelion is applied to the bite, which must also be washed with clean water.
- A cold compress is applied to the wound to relieve discomfort and itching.
- The bite is treated with preparations like “Fenistil-gel”, “Savior” balm, etc. It is possible to use folk remedies, such as aloe juice, chopped parsley and others.
- The victim should drink an allergy pill.
- Allow plain, mineral or bottled water to drink to the victim in order to remove toxins from the body faster.
What not to do when biting bees and wasps
Many people misinterpret this situation, which can cause serious damage to the human body. As a rule, a person is seized by panic and, as a result, wrong actions that can lead to negative consequences.
So what not to do:
- Squeeze the sting or poison.
- Cauterize the bite site.
- Rub the affected area.
- To smoke
- Drink alcohol.
- Move actively.
- Stay in direct sunlight.
You can not lie as well. An acceptable option is a half-sitting position. In such a position, the load on the heart is minimal, and in the case of vomiting a person will not be able to suffer.
To distinguish a bee from a wasp is not at all difficult. If we talk about the benefits, the bee brings more benefits, although the wasps also have their purpose and take their place in the ecosystem. To say that wasps are useless insects is wrong. Bite both those and others, if they piss off or interfere in their living space. If you do not provoke insects, they will not attack the person. Sometimes the person himself is to blame for being bitten by insects. For some reason it seems to them that they will not suffer.
Under certain conditions, both a wasp and a bee can bite. In such cases, you need to know what to do. In most cases, when the human body reacts to insect bites adequately, the bites pass by themselves. The only problem is children who can scratch the bite site and then secondary infection is possible, as well as people prone to allergies. However, they should always have antihistamines with them. The main thing in this situation is not to get confused, otherwise unpredictable consequences are possible.
The danger increases if a person or an animal is attacked by a hornet - the largest species of the wasp family. In temperate climates, the working individual reaches 25 mm and the uterus -35 mm.
Severe effects from injecting poison are explained not by its quantity, but by increased allergenicity. The three-millimeter sting is supplied only by females, which can sting repeatedly.
The poison contains histamines, toxins, the substance acetylcholine and other components that cause irritation of the nerve fibers, palpitations and the strongest pain syndrome. An allergic reaction in this case is accompanied by severe edema and can have unpredictable consequences.
They are much less common than the Vespids, and less aggressive, they do not attack first. However, such a neighborhood in a country house or in the country is very undesirable - inadvertently disturbed nest can turn into tragedy.
There is nothing useless in living nature - every species, including a predatory one, occupies a necessary ecological niche.
And yet, if in the vicinity of human habitation was discovered the aspen, and even more so - the horny colony, it is necessary to take all measures to get rid of it.