Birds are rightfully considered to be the fastest living creatures on the planet. Moving in the air, the flyers can develop tremendous speed. Some species of birds can compete in the air expansion with the first created aircraft.
In the rating included the fastest birds in the world. Some of them develop maximum speed during horizontal flight, and others - when diving.
Dive speed 116 km / h
Diving - a large waterfowl opens the rating of the fastest birds on the planet. With a body length of 48 to 56 cm and a mass of up to 1.5 kg, a dive is capable of speeding in air up to 116 km / h. Its flight is notable for its ease and longer duration among the others of the duck family. In addition, the duck runs pretty fast and swims well. This species is distributed in Central, Central Asia and Western Siberia. These birds prefer to settle next to fresh water bodies overgrown with reeds. The main food of the dive is seeds, aquatic plants, mollusks, as well as fish.
White-breasted American swift speed of 124 km / h
White-breasted American haircut at a speed of horizontal flight of 124 km / h, it is located on the ninth line of the ranking of the fastest birds in the world. These are small birds, which look like swallows, are widespread in Europe, North Africa and Asia. Rocky terrain is chosen for habitat, but it can also exist in urban environments. The main food of white-breasted American swift are insects, which he catches in flight. They spend most of their lives in the air and prefer not to build their nests, but to settle in other people's dwellings - swifts and swallows.
Average krokhal speed of 129 km / h
Average merganser belongs to the duck family and is considered one of the fastest birds in the world. In flight, the duck can pick up speed up to 129 km / h. The average merganser is rather large - the length of its body can reach half a meter, and its mass –1.3 kg. Like other ducks, this species can swim and dive well. You can meet an average krokhalya in North America and Eurasia. For habitat, he chooses flowing lakes and rivers, where he eats fish, frogs, insects and worms.
Spur goose speed 142 km / h
Spur goose is one of the fastest birds in the world, which is capable of speeding up to 142 km / h. This species belongs to the duck family and has a rather large size: it can reach a length of 1 meter, and in body weight it gains up to 6 kg. Males are larger than females. The spur goose rather well and quickly runs on the ground, and in the manner of movement it resembles a heron. It is common in South America, particularly in Namibia, Zimbabwe and South Africa, and prefers to settle near freshwater bodies of water. As food, these geese prefer aquatic and coastal plants, as well as insects and small fish.
Gray-headed albatross speed of 147 km / h
Gray-headed Albatross with dimensions of 81 cm in length and a wingspan of 2 meters, it can gain speed in airspace up to 147 km / h. For a very long time, it is able to stay in flight and covers vast distances in its entire life, skirting the globe several times. Its habitat is the islands of the Southern Ocean. Gray-headed albatrosses feed mainly on squid, fish and mollusks. They can dive to a depth of 7 m to get food.
Frigate speed 150 km / h
Frigate is one of the fastest flyers in the world, which picks up speed up to 150 km / h. Most of the time, frigates prefer to hover in the air without moving their wings. They have quite long and narrow wings, whose span can reach 2.5 m. With a height of 1.1 m in length in body weight, they can reach 1.5 kg. Skilful flyers move rather awkwardly and cannot swim. A distinctive feature of the male is an inflatable throat bag of red color, which he lures the female. These birds have chosen the habitat of the island of the tropical and subtropical zones. They can be found in Australia and Polynesia. Since the frigates themselves do not know how to swim, they hunt flying fish, or take prey from waterfowl.
Link speed 160 km / h
Checkpoint - The small bird of prey of the falcon family is one of the fastest birds in the world in terms of flight speed. With a wingspan of 80 cm, the hoglock can reach speeds of up to 160 km / h. Externally, it looks like a peregrine falcon, but differs in size, which is 28-36 cm. The wings of its wings are quick and maneuverable, alternating with sliding, taking the shape of a sickle. The flyer is spread throughout Eurasia and prefers to settle in forests and forest-steppe zones. Since it is a predator, it feeds on small birds, as well as large insects - beetles, butterflies and dragonflies. Less frequently, mice and other small animals become his delicacy.
Pintail swift speed 170 km / h
Pintail Swift opens the top three fastest birds in the world. A flyer of the Swift family with a wingspan of 55 cm is able to gain speed in horizontal flight of 170 km / h. The length of his body reaches 22 cm, and weight is about 150 grams. Needle cuttings can be found in South Asia, the Far East and Siberia. For the settlement they choose groves and forests nearby with reservoirs. A feature of these flyers is that they never land on the ground.
Berkut speed of 320 km / h
Golden eagle - one of the fastest flyers, able to pick up speed up to 320 km / h in flight. This is a bird of prey that belongs to the family of hawks. The length of the body of an eagle can reach 1 meter, and its mass ranges from 3 to 7 kg. The wingspan of its wings varies within 2–2.4 m. In search of prey, hunters are able to soar high in the sky for a long time, while their activity remains minimal. Their movements in the air are light and maneuverable. Noticing the prey, the golden eagle is rapidly gaining speed and rushing to the prey. The predator chooses birds, rodents, and hares as its victims. It may also profit from large, sick prey in the form of roe deer, deer, sheep and calves. The habitat of the golden eagle is quite wide and includes most of the Holarctic, Alaska, Canada, Scotland, the Caucasus, etc. It can also be found in the entire forest zone of Russia.
Peregrine speed 350 km / h
Sapsan - the fastest flyer on planet Earth. The bird of prey belongs to the falcon family and has the widest range of habitat - all continents, except Antarctica. The wingspan of its wings during flight is 1.1 m. When diving for prey, the predator reaches speeds of up to 350 km / h; this distance is about 1 km per minute. The body of an adult peregrine falcon can reach half a meter in length, and a bird can gain in weight up to 1 kg. He likes to hunt medium-sized birds - pigeons, blackbirds, starlings and ducks. Sometimes small mammals can become its victims. For habitat, the hunter chooses places inaccessible to humans - these are most often the rocky shores of water bodies.
The fastest bird on the planet
For the right to be called the fastest bird on earth are fighting two species - falcon, peregrine falcon and black swift. However, these two representatives of the avian world are considered the best in two different types of speed. The Peregrine Falcon develops the highest speed in peak, and the black swift leaves no chance for the falcon in horizontal flight.
This is a small bird of the falcon family. In size, it resembles a crow, only its plumage is light gray. Falcon's beak and claws are intended for hunting and cutting meat of animals. According to measurements of biologists, this bird in a dive flight is capable of a speed of 322 km / h, which equals to 90 m / s. This is the fastest creature on the planet. Such a rapid speed is necessary for the falcon to hunt. Having noticed the victim, he does not pursue her, but rises above her, folds her wings and swoops down. At right angles to the ground, a falcon falls on its victim with a stone and plunges its long claws into it. The swoop of the peregrine falcon is so strong that even large birds sometimes crash their heads.
Although the black swift does not develop such a stunning speed as a falcon, but in horizontal flight it has no equal. This small bird is capable of developing a horizontal speed of over 160 km / h. The plumage of the swift is colored dark brown with a slightly metallic tint. There is a black swift in Northern and Central Asia, as well as in some parts of Central Europe. Most often, this bird can be seen in large cities. Black Swift can be in flight condition up to 4 years. In the air, he drinks, sleeps, eats and mates.
Fast giant or gray-headed albatross
It is worth noting the real giant in the world of flying birds - gray-headed albatross. According to the observations of scientists, this large bird can not only reach a flight speed of 150 km / h, but also dive for prey in the sea to a depth of 8 meters. The albatross feeds on squid, fish and mollusks. Gray-headed albatrosses have another unique property - fat is stored in their stomachs, which is stored in the upper compartment of the digestive organ. With it, the bird is protected from opponents, feeds chicks, and also supports vital activity during long-distance flights.
Fifth place - Checkpoint
The hob is a representative of the falcon family, a very small bird and opens the top five of the fastest birds in the world. Gaining speed speed up to 160 km / h, and the wingspan is 80 cm. You can confuse the knob with a peregrine falcon, but it is sized, it reaches 28-36 cm in length. Wings during flight represent the shape of a sickle. It chooses a forest and forest-steppe zone for its habitat; in the diet it can be found small birds and large insects, such as butterflies, beetles, dragonflies. May also eat mice or small animals.
The hooper also likes to hunt the needletail swift. Interesting detail the hoop can catch a bird 3 times larger as prey, although the need for meat in this bird is only 30 grams per day.
Fourth place - Frigate
The genus of frigates includes 5 species of birds. It lives mainly in the tropics and subtropics. They love most of their time spending flying over water. The wingspan of the frigate reaches 244 cm, and 75-114 cm in length, and the body weight is only 500-1500 g. These indicators contribute to a strong impulse, which allows the frigate to pick up speed. Frigates take prey from other water birds, although they could perfectly get food on their own.
Therefore, the frigate and have the name of the bird thieves. They even build nests from stolen materials. In this case, the wings of the frigate have a structure that does not allow them to take off from the ground. Speed frigates develop up to 153 km / h.
The state of Naur frigates are their symbols, the locals use them to catch fish. In this case, the Polynesian people use frigates as mail for messaging, like pigeons. Tame frigates and teach various tricks. They can even water from the mouth.
Third Place - Pintail Swift
The swifttail is a representative of the swift family. In the diet only small insects. These birds live in South and Southeast Asia, in the Far East, they can be found in Siberia. At the same time for the winter they move to Australia. During his horizontal bird flight reaches a speed of 160 km / h. This is very surprising, because these birds develop such speed only at the expense of their own forces.
At the same time, the body weight of the swift is only 100-175 g, and reaches a length of 20 cm. The wingspan with these indicators reaches 50 cm. This bird is characterized by maneuverability, so it feeds right during the flight. It spends in flight almost the whole day, because the paws of the needletail have a special structure and are not at all adapted for movement on the surface. However, Swifts sometimes become prey to the sapsana, although they have high speed and maneuverability in the air.
Second place - Golden Eagle
The golden eagle is a member of the hawk family, it feeds on small and medium-sized rodents, the eagle can even choose a deer as a victim. Golden eagles live in the USA (in North America), in South Africa, in Europe, mostly in the mountainous terrain. Golden Eagle is also found in Russia. Enough aggressive and dangerous birds.
The maximum speed that can be gained during the free fall is 320 km / h, in general, the speed is calculated by weight, it is sufficient for the golden eagle, it is 2.8-6.7 kg, while the mass of females is greater than that of males.
Golden eagles, unlike peregrine falcons, cannot track their diving process at high speed; this does not even help them with a significant wingspan of 180-240 cm. Indeed, the proportion of wing area to mass is lower than that of the peregrine falcon. Golden eagles are honored and respected in many tribes and ancient cultures for their hunting qualities and skills.
Each eagle has its own hunting area, they nest 3-4 km from each other, keeping a distance. Nests are constructed from the branches of trees, so they are used for several years, the dwelling can reach 2 meters in diameter.
Golden eagles hatch eggs for 45 days, laying from 1 to 3 eggs. Both parents feed their nestlings, but in the first months the food production falls only on the father. The female during this period does not fly away from her cubs. Male and female Golden Eagle remain faithful to each other throughout their lives., at the same time build nests in the same place.
The fastest bird in the world
Sapsan - the fastest bird in the world. At the time of the dive picks up speed in the order of 322 km / h. Peregrine falcons belong to the falcon family; other small birds are used as food. They also hunt hares and squirrels. Habitat - forest and forest-steppe zone. You can meet the peregrine falcon on all continents except Antarctica, while they avoid meeting people, prefer to be located in the rocky terrain. The body length of the sapsana reaches 38-50 cm, and the wingspan varies from 83-113 cm, while females differ in size in a big way. They also manage to calculate the flight and airflow, as well as the speed of their strike with their victim.
During one of the flights Peregrine Falcon dive speed reached 389 km / htherefore, the Peregrine Falcons are considered to be high-speed representatives of the fauna on our planet.
The birds still fascinate and surprise us with the beauty of their “dance” during the flight, this is an amazing sight when we lift our heads up and watch them.