According to many experts, this breed is a true treasure of domestic cynology. She is still very young, but loved by admirers of decorative dogs. The Russian toy terrier is a long-haired, whose photo you see in this article is a charming creature. These tiny creatures miraculously combine a touching and sweet appearance, “pocket size”, sociability, peacefulness and excellent health.
From the history of the breed
The very first Russian long-haired toy terrier (it is sometimes called Moscow) appeared in 1957. The usual smooth-haired one became the father of the child, and the mother's hair was slightly elongated. The newborn was named Chikki, he had unusual for breed fluffs on the ears and on the paws. Next to his sleek brothers puppy looked very impressive. Therefore, the Moscow team of dog handlers, headed by the breeder Zharova, started breeding and improving the breed. Later, he was mated to a bitch, which differed slightly elongated fur and black and red color. The result pleased specialists. In 1964, these dogs were first presented at the exhibition.
The long-haired toy terrier is a benevolent and cheerful animal. He easily finds a common language with all members of the family. Affectionate, sociable and affectionate dog will not leave anyone indifferent. This explains the fact that every year more and more people choose this miniature animal. According to experts, the basis for the creation of the Russian Toy Terrier breed was the Toi English, who were very much loved in pre-revolutionary Russia. After the war, this breed almost disappeared from the territory of Russia. But in the fifties, fans of small decorative dogs happily saw a new object for adoration, and his name was the long-haired Russian toy terrier.
Varieties and standards
The modern long-haired toy terrier, the photo of which is presented in all dog collections, is a miniature dog with a square body, a small head and a deep chest. Its height does not exceed twenty eight centimeters, weight - about three kilograms. A characteristic feature is a pointed muzzle, bulging, usually black eyes, erect big ears and tall, graceful legs. They can be divided into shorthair and longhair.
In the second case, the body of the animal is covered with straight, long hair. The head is covered by a shorter fur. Paws should have a slight fleece, and on the ears - fringe. Argued that there are mini-toy terriers. But you must clearly understand that these are just dwarfs, which are not allowed at exhibitions and are forbidden to breeding: the breed is already rather fragile, which makes it necessary to be very attentive to mating, and it is strongly not recommended to knit dwarfs.
Longhair Toy Terrier: puppies
If you are sure that you absolutely need the one that you need this dog, find out how to choose the right puppy. Remember the main rule - you can not buy a baby in the bird market. Excessive heat or cold is detrimental to such a crumb, and on the market it will be in such conditions. From private ads (including in specialized publications) is also better to give up - you can meet a second-hand dealer, and eventually get a sick dog. It is more correct and more reliable to buy a dog in specialized kennels. You can do this from private breeders. In this case, you must very carefully look at the conditions in which the animal is contained, to get acquainted with the puppy's mother, it is advisable to see the photo of the father. Puppy should not be acquired before the age of three months.
Content, health, care
Sometimes this breed is called the Moscow long-haired toy terrier. In our article we will call it long-haired. These animals feel great even in the smallest apartment. This crumbs for the comfort and sheer happiness most needed the attention and love of his master, proper and complete nutrition and regular outlets.
Despite their fragility, these dogs can very dexterously exterminate rats, possess convincing and loud barking. If you have a puppy from a good nursery, you can be calm - he will have no health problems, but you should not forget about the annual vaccinations and the examination of the veterinarian.
Clubs and Nurseries
Like all breeds, the long-haired toy terrier has its own national club. There are several large nurseries that sometimes develop their own breed lines, as well as breeders who closely cooperate with nurseries. Nowadays, the breed continues to actively develop, for this reason, while its standard is recognized as temporary by the International Cynological Association. Experts believe that official recognition can be expected no earlier than 2016.
In addition, it should be noted that today the name “Moscow (Russian) Longhair Toy Terrier” is outdated. According to the RKF, the modern name is Russian that long-haired.
Why Russian toy terriers were on the verge of destruction
In the early nineties, the breed was practically on the verge of destruction. But why? During these years, several breeds of decorative dogs were brought from abroad. Due to too aggressive advertising, new breeds have been squeezed out of the market, and their number in the country has decreased dramatically. Despite this, thanks to the efforts of several breeders, the breed was revived, and interest in them increased again. True, the process was too slow - because the toy terriers are not very fertile.
Currently, Russian long-haired are especially popular in St. Petersburg, Moscow, Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk and other major cities. In addition, they are bred in Finland, the Czech Republic, Germany, Poland, the United States.
History of origin
The history of the Russian toy terrier began on the shores of medieval England. Polluted with sewage, the city was swarming with hordes of rats that carried dangerous diseases. Little brave rat-catchers fought the invasion, causing love and gratitude of the inhabitants. Gradually, the streets of the cities became cleaner, and the need for rat dogs disappeared. And small cute toy terriers moved into the boudoirs of the ladies, as companions and living flea-heads.
The English toy terrier got to Russia in the middle of the 19th century and was provided by their wealthy ladies, and after the revolution, many of the favorites of the “white bone” wandered and interbred with curs. Only in the mid-twentieth century, domestic dog breeders began breeding decorative breeds, including tiny toychikov.
Pedigree manufacturers were not imported into our country from abroad, and the factory owners had to work with the existing material. The toy terrier was “created” anew and turned out to be very far from the progenitor on the exterior. In 1957, a descendant, Chicky, appeared from a pair of sleek-haired mini terriers with a pedigree. The puppy was longer than the standard, the wool and it was recorded in the culled.
By chance he gets to Zharova E.F. and here, in the Moscow nursery, selection work began on the breeding of the long-haired breed of toy terriers. The Moscow dog breeders fixed the advantageous external difference, and gradually the Russian toy terrier found a pretty fringe on the ears and legs.
These differences were so weighty that the new breed got its own name, and it also required the creation and approval of a new standard for little Russian toychikas. Thanks to ef Zharova was able to achieve recognition of the breed and the adoption of standards in 1966.
By 1969, 300 pedigrees were issued, which, given the smallness of dogs, is impressive. But Yevgeny Fominichna was removed from the leadership of the Moscow City Society of Decorative Dog Breeding, and work on the breed stopped, the popularity of dogs began to fall, especially since the fall of the “curtain” poured a stream of representatives of various decorative breeds into the country.
Only at the end of the twentieth century. Moscow breed toy terrier literally bit by bit managed to recover. Already in the 90s, the cost of puppies has increased dramatically, and the queue for the purchase lasted for several years.
Description of breed Russian toy terrier
Russian toy is a miniature dog, growth in the withers of which does not exceed 20-28 cm, and weight bodies - no more than 3 kg. These parameters are much smaller than the English counterpart. Russian toya has long hair - about 5 cm, and on the edge of the ears and on the extremities there are towing - long adorning hair.
In addition to long-haired there are short-haired representatives. Their coat is short, dense, without undercoat. The body of this tiny dog is oval, dry with a tense back, falling to the tail and pronounced withers. The tail, as a rule, is stopped, but natural is allowed. Purity of the breed, according to the generally accepted standard, is characterized by the following data:
- chest medium width, oval, in-depth,
- the skull is round with a high convex frontal part and a noticeable transition to the nose,
- muzzle pointed, with thin cheeks,
- the nose mirror is small, pigmented black or in color tone,
- jaws quite tight with scissor bite,
- lips tightly closed along the entire length
- eyes expressive, widely spaced, somewhat convex. The color of the iris is dark,
- triangular ears large, stand-up,
- long, elegant neck has a bend, set high,
- belly without pronounced underbelly, picked up and lean,
- limbs slender, straight,
- arched paws oval with tightly closed toes. Hind limbs set slightly wider than the front.
The dog moves freely, the direction keeps confidently. The overall impression of the appearance of the Moscow mini-terrier is a miniature, agile, harmoniously folded dog.
Toy Terriers were originally black and tan or brown and tan. Today, pedigree standards allow, in addition to those listed, to have a pet blue and tan, as well as a single red color with black, brown bloom or without it. It is preferable that the coat color is saturated. Disqualifying are such colorings:
- white spots and white color of various sizes,
- black, brown, blue, black coat color,
- very large scorch marks, too rich,
- zoning color.
Also disqualifying signs are:
- the presence of large areas of rare coat in sleek-haired individuals,
- excessively elongated or curly hair in longhair.
Despite the fact that the pet looks very subtle, he has the brave heart of a true terrier.
The breed was specially bred as decorative, therefore such character traits as absence of aggression, friendliness, and appeasability were welcomed. This is the character that Russian toychik possesses. But, despite the toy appearance, the dog is very courageous, active and always ready to protect its owner.
A delicate ear allows you to notice the danger, and the loudly resounding, burly barking - to notify your master, to whom the dog is completely devoted, about her. Fully implement the quality of the guard terrier does not allow its size. But the fearlessness and desire to protect in this tiny heart is enough for a huge dog.
The baby is very friendly and gets along well with all the inhabitants of the house. Cheerful disposition, mobility, sense of humor make it an excellent companion of children's games. He is considered an excellent companion by socialites and elderly ladies. Representatives of this breed do not create problems in public transport or in the hotel, where they are allowed to freely.
The toy terrier is very affectionate and loves when he is paid attention. The dog has a natural acumen and is easy to train even for a teenager of 12-15 years old. But, despite appeasability and lack of leadership qualities, the dog needs control and attention, otherwise the temperamental animal will look for a way out of boiling energy, which will lead not only to property damage, but may also cause the development of aggressiveness.
Thanks to the ingenuity of the training of a toy terrier does not cause much difficulty. With perseverance, consistency and goodwill, the pet quickly masters the main teams and with particular zeal and desire fulfills the requirements. Teaching to execute commands is recommended not only at home, but also on the runs, so that the animal does not have an association, that it is necessary to obey commands only in the space of an apartment.
In order for the little one to listen attentively to the requirements and react adequately to the training, it is necessary to realize the activity and boiling energy of the animal while walking, then it will be easier to control. From puppy age, it is necessary to teach children not only to bed, bowl, tray, but also to the norms of behavior in the apartment and on the street.
It is necessary to immediately make it clear to the puppy who is the owner of the house, wean the habit of biting during the games, throwing arms and other “puppy” pranks in a fit of joy, otherwise it will be much more difficult to raise a dog. Ease of care and training makes representatives of this breed suitable for maintenance and education, even by inexperienced owners.
Health and Care
Moscow toy terriers are distinguished by excellent health and a rather long lifespan - 12-15 years. But toy terriers have diseases genetically determined by the characteristics of the mini-breed. These include:
- progressive retinal atrophy,
- dislocation (subluxation) of the knee,
- breaking teeth,
- Legg-Calvet-Perthes disease or aseptic form of necrosis of the femoral head,
- atlantoaxial instability,
Do not be afraid of seeing such an impressive list of diseases. They are characteristic of all mini-breeds. Naturally, when breeding babies, some systems suffer, but the Russian toy terrier wins against the background of other dwarf breeds and is more resistant to genetic pathologies. Obviously, the influx of "outbred" blood and the recent beginning of breeding.
In addition to the hereditary, these babies may have pathologies, primarily due to the anatomical structure and characteristics of the immune system, for example:
- Follicular conjunctivitis.
- Allergy is a very common disease in toy terriers. The representatives of this breed noted: food allergies, allergies to waste products and saliva of blood-sucking insects, in particular fleas, atopic dermatitis caused by allergies to pollen, mold, dust, household chemicals and other types of allergens.
Proper care and regular visits to the veterinary clinic will help prevent the occurrence of many pathologies. Babies need vaccinations, care for the ears and eyes, prevention of dental pathologies.
Little dog care does not require. Smooth toy Terrier enough to bathe once a month, and long-haired once every 2-3 weeks. It is necessary to comb longhair every day, if the owner wants the dog to look well-groomed. Shorthair enough once a week to “smooth out” a special brush or mitten. Since the dogs practically do not shed, there are no problems with the fallen out hair in the apartment.
It takes a regular, once every 1.5-2 months, care for the little dog's claws. The light weight and subtlety of the toy terrier do not allow the claws to grind off in a natural way, so they need to be cut. If the owner does not know how to do this or is afraid to hurt his pet, you can contact the veterinary clinic or special salons serving pets.
Miniature size, lack of a cusp cause thermal sensitivity of mini terriers. Therefore, when walking in cool weather, the dog requires warm clothing. In hot weather, it should also be protected from overheating - moisten with water, give more to drink, less be in direct sunlight.
Buying a puppy and the best kennels
Regardless of the purpose of the acquisition, the puppy is best to buy in the nursery. If a breeder is known and values his reputation, then he guarantees health, mental balance, necessary vaccinations and the correct maintenance of a puppy. Moreover, the idea of the character and behavior of the pet can be made by observing the nature of the parents and the socialization of puppies in the litter.
Buying a puppy "from the hands", no guarantees can be obtained, and instead of a cute, funny baby, you can buy a sick, neurasthenic or aggressive, uncontrollable mini-monster. The most famous breeders of Russian toy terriers in Moscow are:
- Dog Club, http://www.101dog.ru/toi_terer,
- "Sunny Alexi" https://toy-york2.jimdo.com/,
- "Bravo Heat" http://russtoy.ru/,
- “Tiyanna” http://tiyanna.umi.ru,
- "Liliputi dog world" http://www.hochusobaku.ru/kennel/882/, etc.
In Kiev, puppies of a Russian toy terrier can be purchased at kennels:
- “Pocket happiness” https://karm-schastye.jimdo.com/,
- “From the House of Tchaikovsky” http://kiev.link.ua/profile/9799/
- "Kiev Courage" (Fci-KSU), https://www.ss.ua/msg/ru/animals/dogs/russkiy-toy-dlinosh/bppdb.html, etc.
Русский той-терьер – прекрасный выбор для любителей небольших пород собак. Кроме своих миниатюрных размеров, питомцу достался отличный характер, который позволит ему заслужить любовь и уважение всех членов семейства.
These miniature dogs are descended from the black and tan Manchester terriers used to hunt rodents. Over time, the breed was divided into species that differed from each other in size. Smaller dogs were called English toy terriers.
In the 19th century, Russian aristocrats became seriously interested in them and began to bring them into their homeland. After the 1917 revolution, the population of miniature dogs declined sharply. It was possible to save part of the existing livestock only thanks to the efforts of a few enthusiasts. Due to the isolation of the USSR, the gene pool could not be replenished with British dogs. Because after some time they acquired distinctive features and turned into a separate breed - the Russian toy terrier. Tiny dogs quickly gained popularity not only in their homeland, but also far beyond its borders.
The long-haired toy terrier is a small decorative dog. Depending on the floor, its height varies between 20-28 cm, and its mass is 1.3-3 kg. He gives the impression of an elegant animal with a light bone and well developed muscles. On a wide, wedge-shaped head with a prominent forehead, a poorly pronounced occipital protuberance, and an embossed foot, there are huge dark eyes and high moving, thin ears that visually resemble an isosceles triangle.
The beautiful elongated, gracefully curving neck smoothly transforms into a barely visible withers, a strong back, a rounded loin and a slightly sloping croup, ending with a base of a thin long tail. Under a square body with a fitted abdomen, a deep oval chest, and moderately elongated ribs are straight limbs with developed hocks, elongated shins and straight forearms.
Wool and color
The entire body of the dog is covered with a long shiny awn, forming a brush on the tips of the ears. She doesn't have any undercoat at all. Straight five-centimeter hair fits tightly to the body of the animal, clearly repeating its contours. It is shorter on the head, and long on the paws. There are tows on the back surfaces of the limbs.
As for the color, the long-haired toy terrier, the description of which cannot convey all its beauty, can be red, brown or fawn. Black, blue and isabella individuals with bright, well-defined burns are also common.
Representatives of this breed are extremely active and energetic. By character, they are somewhat reminiscent of Jack Russell Terriers. Long-haired toi is very impulsive and temperamental. They have a loud ringing voice and give it for any reason. They are almost impossible to wean from the constant barking. These playful and affectionate animals are very devoted to their owners and get along well with other pets. However, tiny dogs have a moving psyche. They are very impressionable, fearful and subject to stress. We must not forget that the obsessive attention from a person can provoke problems with nerves in a dog.
Despite the fact that the Russian long-haired toy terrier is friendly with respect to other pets, he will not refuse to drive around the yard of an alien cat or birds. And he does it so passionately that he does not hear the host teams. It remains playful throughout life and even in old age will gladly run after the ball. Tiny sizes do not interfere with the suspicion of strangers and challenging larger dogs. Because the owners of snooty representatives of this breed need to be very careful while walking.
Maintenance and care
The miniature Moscow long-haired toy terrier is ideally suited for living in city apartments. It does not take up much space and does not require complex care. It is necessary to bathe them at least twice a month with the help of special shampoos. In the process of washing it is important to ensure that water does not get into the ears of the animal. Comb out the dog preferably every other day. It is best to care for silky smooth hair suitable for a special brush, which can be bought at any pet store.
Also, owners of miniature dogs should not forget about regular grooming claws and wiping the ears of their pets. Walking long-haired toy terriers is only necessary in the daytime, away from larger dogs and busy motorways. And in the autumn and winter, before going out on the street, the crumb will have to be dressed up in a warm jumpsuit, reliably protecting from the cold. If you wish, you can teach a puppy to a tray or diaper, so that in the cold it does not take him to the yard.
Training and training
Some owners mistakenly believe that small dogs do not need to do. As a result, they bring up ill-bred animals, climbing on couches, growling at passers-by, jumping on strangers and constantly barking at trifles. To prevent this from happening to your dog, you need to deal with it from the first days of its appearance in the house.
Of course, a long-haired toy terrier, a photo of which can be viewed in today's publication, does not necessarily have to complete the full course of dog training. For comfortable living together enough that he unquestioningly carried out several basic commands, including “Ko me”, “Place”, “Fu”, Sit ”and“ Lie ”. If desired, a tiny dog can be trained in several circus tricks. In order for the training process to bring pleasure to you and the dog, it must take place in a playful way.
These small unpretentious dogs can eat and industrial, and natural food. If you decide to give your pet so-called "drying", then it is advisable to stop the choice on quality products from proven manufacturers. In many large cities, like Moscow, a long-haired toy terrier can easily find good food, which will not include corn, wheat, dyes and preservatives.
If you belong to supporters of natural nutrition, then try to remember that the basis of the dog's diet is meat (beef, chicken, turkey or lamb). Also, the menu must be supplemented with buckwheat, rice, eggs, cottage cheese, kefir, offal, vegetables and lean sea fish. In the diet of a miniature dog categorically there should not be sweets, chocolate, smoked meats and pickles. You can not treat animals with muffin, river fish, tubular bones, legumes, spicy and fried food.
Long-haired toy terriers (mini and standard) are quite good health. But, like any other living thing, they sometimes get sick. Due to their miniature size, they are easily injured. Therefore it is impossible to allow the toi to jump from a height. Otherwise, the thin fragile bones of the animal may not withstand such a load. For the same reasons, they cannot be left alone with young children, who may accidentally harm a tiny dog.
Many representatives of this breed are prone to allergies to household chemicals and food. The disease can manifest as edema and wet eczema on the skin. They also have an excellent appetite, which means they are prone to obesity. Because the owners must carefully monitor the diet of their little wards and not overfeeding them.
Puppies of a long-haired toy terrier often have problems with changing teeth. It happens that the milk series does not fall out on its own and has to be removed from the veterinarian. If this is not done, then the dog will deteriorate the bite and have problems with digestion.
As a rule, professional breeders sell fully vaccinated puppies. But sometimes it happens that this has to deal with the newly minted owners. It is necessary to vaccinate a long-haired toy terrier only after he is six or eight weeks old. This is done by complex vaccines that provide reliable protection against viral hepatitis, plague, leptospirosis, enteritis, parainfluenza and rabies.
Two weeks before the proposed vaccination, the puppy must be treated for worms. Within several days after vaccination, it is necessary to carefully monitor the general condition of the puppy. It is extremely important to observe post-vaccination quarantine. For this, for two weeks after the injection, the dog should not be allowed to contact other animals.
How to choose a puppy?
Having made a firm decision to acquire such a dog, it is better to immediately abandon the campaign on the bird market. To buy a truly pedigree dog, you need to contact a professional kennel for long-haired toy terriers. Because only so you will be sure of the authenticity of all documents attached to the puppy.
Choosing your breeder, you need to pay attention to the exterior of the proposed animals. Breed puppies should have long limbs, slightly bulging eyes, a deep chest, a flat back and a square body. It is important to make sure that there are no bald patches on the body of your favorite. The puppy should not have dirt under the tail and heavy discharge from the nose and eyes.
It is better to take a little toya to a new home after he turns three months old. By this age, the puppy will be accustomed to independence and will receive all the necessary vaccinations.
Summing up, I would like to note that the long-haired Russian toy is a beautiful decorative dog, ideally suited for living in small-sized city apartments. However, due to its miniature size and overly active temperament, this doggie is not recommended for older people and families who have small children.
For the same reason, owners of dogs of this breed will have to pay special attention to ensuring their safety. In order for the crumbs not to be electrocuted, it is necessary to insulate all the electrical wires in a special box. So that the dog does not climb under the furniture, you should close all the cracks in the house. To an energetic and tireless toy terrier did not slip and did not dislocate their paws, it is advisable to cover the floor in the apartment with carpet. Due to the complete absence of undercoat, in the cold season, before going out on the street, a dog is recommended to dress up in warm clothes.
Characteristics of the breed Russian toy terrier
Russian Toy Terrier room - decorative, small breed of dogs. It looks like a small toy, even the name “toy” itself, in translation it means a toy.
They are short-haired and long-haired.
Bred this breed in the Middle Ages in England, with the aim of extermination of rats and mice. In those days, the dog was larger and more powerful than the current Toya.
Do not be alarmed when your pet brings you a mouse or a small bird during a walk, because it has a hunter's soul. Even Peter I, did not remain indifferent to these lovely creatures, loved and appreciated this breed.
In the 20 - 50 years of the terrier was on the verge of extinction. Russian dog handlers engaged in breeding and were able to bring a more graceful and elegant dog.
That terrier, is listed in the Guinness Book of Records, in the nomination the smallest weight - 681 grams.
Now she, like most small dogs, has acquired the status of "glamorous", they are literally not let go of her hands, forgetting that terriers love to move a lot.
Russian toy terrier description and standard ICF (FCI)
Russian toy terrier puppy photo black and tan color
FCI Classification: Group 9 Companion Dogs, Section 9 Continental Toy Spaniels and Russian Toy. Without workers test.
General appearance: a small, high-legged dog with thin bones and lean muscles. Elegant, cheerful.
Sexual type: weakly expressed, but clearly visible in the behavior.
Important proportions: the height in the elbows is slightly more than half the height at the withers. The chest is deep enough.
Behavior / Character: active, cheerful, not cowardly or aggressive. Behavior is significantly different between males and bitches.
Head: small in relation to the body.
Skull: high, but not wide (width at the level of the zygomatic arches does not exceed the depth of the skull). The height of the skull is greater than its width. When viewed from above, the head is wedge-shaped, with no pronounced cheekbones and a wide skull. When viewed from the side, the transition between the cranial and facial parts is clearly visible.
Stop (going from nose to nose): well defined.
Nose: small, shiny, black or according to the type of color.
Muzzle: dry, pointed, slightly shorter in length than the skull. Should not be lowered or upturned.
Lips: thin, dry, tight, black or in tonal color.
Jaws / Teeth: Scissor bite correct, upper jaw tightly overlaps lower jaw. Teeth small, even, white. A complete dental kit is welcome. No more than 2 incisors in each jaw are allowed.
Cheekbones: slightly pronounced.
Eyes: dark, large, rounded, slightly protruding, widely set, looking straight. Eyelids dark or in tone, tight. That terriers should not be cross-eyed.
Ears: large, isosceles-shaped triangles, standing, thin, set high. Auricle well open.
Neck: long, dry, set high, slightly curved, without dewlap.
Topline: flowing smoothly from withers to the base of the tail.
Withers: Slightly pronounced.
Back: strong, straight.
Loin: short, slightly arched.
Croup: somewhat rounded and slightly sloping.
Chest: deep, not wide, oval. The lower part of the chest is at the level of the elbows.
Abdomen: taut, groin matched, forms a smooth and beautifully curved line from chest to groin.
Tail: docked shortly (leave 2-3 vertebrae), holds up cheerfully. The standard allows for an uncropped, crescent-shaped tail that is not held below the back line. In motion, holds the tail above the level of the back, obliquely, the tip is directed forward or almost up.
In the long-haired Russian toy terriers, the tail is densely covered with long hair, which forms a plume-style decorating tail.
Forelegs: flat with thin bones, dry.
Shoulder: Moderate length, not too inclined.
Shoulders: Almost equal to shoulder blades.
Elbows: look strictly back.
Forearm: Long, straight.
Pasterns: almost sheer.
Paws: small, oval, arched, fingers gathered in a ball. The claws are black, the paw pads are elastic, black.
Hindquarters: viewed from the rear, straight and parallel, set slightly wider than the front. All angles of joints are well defined.
Upper thighs: with dry and well-developed musculature.
Lower thighs: equal in length to thighs.
Hock: with sufficient angles.
Hocks: set vertically to the ground.
Feet: Small, arched, a little already front with elastic pads in black or according to the color of the dog. Fingers gathered in a ball. Claws are black or in tone color.
Movement: easy, free, fast.
Skin: thin, dry, tight to the body, without folds.
Coat: wool terrier is of two types:
In long-haired toychik the body is covered with long (3–5 cm) straight or slightly wavy tight-fitting coat, which does not hide the natural contours of the body. The undercoat is weak or absent. On the head, on the front side of the limbs, the coat is short and tight. There are tows on the back of the limbs. On the paws the hair is elongated, silky, completely hides the claws.
Ears are covered with thick and long hair, forming a fringe. In dogs older than three years, the fringe should completely hide the outer edges and tips of the ears.
Russian toy terrier color
- Black and Tan
- Brown - Tan
- Blue - Tan
- Lilac and tan
- Ginger color is acceptable in any shades from very dark red to very light yellow without any preference for one or another tonality.
- Redhead with brown tan
- Red and Blue
- Auburn with Lilac
- Pale yellow (nose black or asphalt)
- Cream (brown or purple nose)
Extremely undesirable, but acceptable standard:
In all colors, more saturated colors are preferred. Extremely undesirable white marks on the body.
Any deviation from the above characteristics is considered a flaw or defect depending on the severity.
- The colors are completely black, brown, blue and mauve, and black and zoned.
- Excessive size of burnings, blurry or darkened burns.
- Straight bite or alveolar inclination of incisors.
- Prickly ears. If this is caused by a long-haired variety, weighting them with wool, then this is acceptable, but not desirable.
- Low set tail.
- Presence of bald patches in short-haired individuals.
- Excessively long or too short hair on the body of long-haired individuals.
- Small white markings on the chest and fingers.
- The colors are black, brown, blue, an excessive magnitude of the scorch marks, as well as darkened scorches.
- Height at withers is greater than 28 cm.
- Cowardly behavior.
- Non-standard colors
- With tiger
- White spots on the head, stomach, above the metacarpus, large white spots on the chest and throat
- Aggressiveness, cowardice
- Overshot, pronounced overshot, absence of canine or more than two incisors in each of the jaws
- Hanging ears
- Short leg
- In short-haired individuals there are a lot of hairs
- In the long-haired individuals - the absence of adorning hair on the ears, curly
- Height at withers more than 30 cm
P.S. Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Русский той - терьер характер
Характер той терьера, добрый, ласковый, энергичный, веселый, уверенный в себе. Этот умный и смышленый малыш безгранично предан хозяину и обожает всех членов семьи, в которой живет.
Маленький той - терьер своим звонким голоском напоминает колокольчик или звоночек. У них отлично развито обоняние и слух, и о приходе чужого всегда подадут сигнал. This active, energetic and very playful dog will be an excellent companion for a responsible and loving person. She gets along well with others, but if she feels danger, she is ready to protect her master.
Well amenable to training, although they often show cunning.
Not suitable for families with small children, easily exposed to stress, and the baby can harm the dog, stand on the foot or drop it.
With children from 6-7 years old, it is safe to start a toy, at this age the child already feels responsible and can take care of the pet.
Not bad get on with other pets, love the company and do not want to be alone for a long time.
Let the toy terrier not deceive you, that terrier has the character of a real terrier, serious and temperamental. Some individuals are in need of training and education, otherwise the character will prevail, and toychik can grow an angry and disobedient pet.
Russian toy terrier care and maintenance
Taking care of a Russian toy terrier will not take much time and will not be difficult and troublesome.
Shedding takes place twice a year, especially noticeable in the spring - autumn, with strong excitement. Bitch shed before estrus and after birth babies.
Living in an apartment where the air is dry and warm, the dog moults all year round.
Shorthair and long-haired one that does not need a haircut, wool combed with a soft brush from natural bristles, a special mitten or cloth. This procedure improves blood circulation, removes dead hair and makes a pleasant massage to the pet.
Bathe as contaminated, or at intervals of 1 time in 10 days.
Examine eyes regularly, for prophylaxis, wipe once a week with a soft cloth or a cotton swab dipped in a weak tea brew.
Ears should be inspected regularly, a large amount of sulfur should not accumulate in the auricle, and there should not be an unpleasant smell. Once a month, wipe the ear with a cotton swab dipped in warm water. You can clean only the visible part of the ear, do not try to brush the depth of the auricle, you can damage the hearing of the dog.
Paws of that terrier after walks wipe with a damp cloth, wash them especially thoroughly in winter, when the streets are sprinkled with reagent. Take care that the dog would not lick the paws, otherwise poison chemistry.
The claws are cut once a month with a nail clipper, the sharp ends are smoothed with a nail file. If your pet walks a little, claws do not wear off, and can grow long and curled, which will cause discomfort to the dog. Always remember about the fifth profitable finger, a big claw on it, more often than others it causes a pet inconvenience.
Watch carefully for the anal glands. When that terrier begins to scratch its backside on a sofa, carpet, fidget on the floor, it means that the glands are filled with odorous liquid. You need to clear the anal glands from the accumulated secret. You can do it yourself, for this you need to gently push your thumb and forefinger from the bottom and sides of the anus.
If you have never done a similar procedure, be sure to contact your veterinarian for help, so as not to harm the baby.
Once a month, treat the toy terrier with a remedy for parasites, ticks, fleas, etc. (Advantiks, frontline). Which drug is right for you, may advise your veterinarian.
Photo of a toy terrier with long hair and black and fawn color
De-worming is carried out twice a year (prevention of worms). The drug is sold in different forms:
Easily accustomed to the tray, or diaper. But walks 2 times a day, still need, however, in the cold season, walking at a temperature of minus 10 degrees can be just a few minutes.
In winter, when he walks a little outside, one should well ventilate the room and regularly do wet cleaning.
In the summer, they love to walk, they love to run and frolic, bring a ball or a small wand.
Inspect the teeth and once a week, brush with a special paste with a fingertip or a small toothbrush.
Place for a puppy toy terrier
Place for that terrier must be prepared in advance.
Arrange a sun bed in a cozy corner without drafts with good lighting.
Buy toys, balls, bed diapers, or a special dog toilet (there are two types for boys and for girls), and place food and food bowls in a convenient place.
Having wires easily accessible to the dog or small things is dangerous for his life.
In no case, no matter how mournfully the puppy looks at you with his big eyes, and neither howled, do not let him on the sofa in a thin voice.
- First, he will immediately get used to, and will constantly be asked to take him to bed.
- Secondly, for such a baby jumping from any height is very dangerous, he can simply break his paw.
In cold and frosty weather that terrier easily freezes. Having no undercoat, the wool does not warm it. In winter and autumn, the toy terrier is better to wear in warm overalls. But some representatives are great walking and without clothes.
Toy Terrier Diet
You need to reckon with the character and preferences of your pet, and do not forget what is best for his health. You can feed dry food premium class, and naturally cooked food. Ensure that there is enough clean water in the bowl.
AT The dog's diet should include:
- Cereals (rice, buckwheat)
- Meat (veal, chicken)
- Sea fish
- Seasonal vegetables and fruits
- Dairy products (low-fat cottage cheese, kefir)
Do not forget that everything should be in moderation, try not to overfeed your pet, otherwise you will get a bun on “matches”.
Forbidden products for that terrier:
- Smoked meat
- Spicy, fatty, fried foods
Historical information about the breed
From the beginning of the 19th century, the toy terrier in Russia became a symbol of the status of its owner and served as a living decoration of the house. The historical roots of the breed go back to the Middle Ages. In those distant times in England, the terriers used in hunting rats and burrow game were popular.
Once on the territory of Russia, by the 20th century, English terriers became the ancestors of the breed of long-haired dogs, which were named Moscow Toy Terriers. Russian toi stood out in a separate population.
Before the 1917 revolution, the country had a large population of representatives of the breed that had an external resemblance to the modern Russian toy terriers. Many photographs of famous personalities with miniature dogs were kept in their hands. But along with the intelligentsia, the revolution took up the destruction of the dogs that belonged to them. Cabin toy terriers almost disappeared from the territory of Soviet Russia.
In the 50s of the 20th century, the restoration of the breed began. At this time, the sections of the decorative dogs began to open in the Service Dog Clubs. The Russian toy terrier was created on the basis of captured mongrel dogs imported into the country, resembling English toi on the exterior.
Imported dogs did not have pedigrees and did not meet the existing breed standards, therefore a new standard was formed under the newly received specimens, radically different from English. A new breed of lapdog was born, named Russian Toy Terrier.
In 2005, the Russian toy terrier breed was recognized by the international organization FCI.
Until 1956, the breed standard was established only for short-haired terriers. Thanks to the famous breeder EF Zharovoi, in the litters of which there appeared puppies with red eyed ears and paws, a variety of long-haired toy terriers appeared. It was decided to fix the features of the fur of new dogs as a type of breed. So by 1965 there was a separate breed line, which received official recognition.
In 2005, the Russian toy terrier breed was recognized by the international organization FCI. The breed continued its development in all major cities of Russia and in many European countries.
Description of appearance and breed standard, photos
Russian toy terrier is an elegant, high-legged dog with thin bones and dry muscles. Breed differs in the tiny sizes: height is 20-28 centimeters, weight is up to 3 kilograms.
- Head harmonious size, rounded shape. The forehead is convex, with moderately pronounced orbits and slightly filled cheeks. The transition from skull to muzzle sharp.
- Nose small, black or matching main color.
- Bite correct, the teeth are set vertically, even.
- Ears vertically set, triangular, thin, with elastic cartilages.
- Body square shape. Thorax deep, oval, with springy ribs. The neck is long, with a pronounced bend, dry muscles. The withers are mild. The back, falling to the rump, round loin. The croup is sloping, rounded.
- Limbs smooth, with developed muscles. The blades are weak, short. Elbows retracted. Sheer wrists and pasterns. Hind limbs set wider than croup lines. Thighs developed, wide, with mild joints. The hands of the paws are oval, with bent toes, collected. The claws are colored the color of the coat or nose.
- Tail crescent, the length of the hock, is located above the line of the spine. Docked up to 2-3 vertebrae.
- Sexual dimorphism outwardly expressed, is manifested only in behavior.
The disadvantages of the breed are:
Hanging ears, short legs and height above 30 cm are disqualifying defects.
- Straight bite.
- Prickly ears.
- White markings on the fingers and chest.
- Height above 28 cm.
- Hanging ears.
- Bald spots
- Short legs.
- In long-haired: the absence of long hair on the ears, curly hair.
- Height over 30 cm.
- White spots on the head, stomach, throat.
- Aggression and cowardice.
Type of coat and color
By type of coat, Russian Toy Terriers are divided into two groups:
- Smooth-haired - shiny, tight to the skin, short hair.
- Longhair - slightly wavy or straight hair, 3-5 centimeters long. The ears, hind limbs of the species are decorated with an extended fringe.
The standard establishes the following colors of toy terrier:
- red with black, brown, blue, lilac,
- brown and tan
- black and tan
- bluish tan
Acceptable, but reducing assessment colors:
Marble is disqualifying.
- the black,
Russian Toy Terrier and Prague Rat: similarities and differences
The Russian toy terrier is often confused with other representatives of the group: the English toy terrier and the Prague ratman. English is taller and taller than mass. In addition, the English toy terrier has a more restrained character.
Prague rat is easily distinguished from the Russian Toy Terrier outwardly. Ratsar more powerful physique, he has a larger head and more pronounced muscles. At the same time, the growth of the Prague Ranger is much less - no more than 22 centimeters, and weighing up to 2.8 kilograms.
Character traits and training
Russian toy terrier - affectionate, energetic, self-confident dog. This baby is infinitely loyal to the owner and the whole family in which he lives. Toya loves to kiss, that is, to lick the face of the owner, so he expresses unlimited love and trust in a person. To some, this action will seem unhygienic, but it is almost impossible to wean the little dog from this action.
Russian toy terrier gets along well with children and other pets.
Toev has a well-developed sense of smell and hearing. With their ringing voice, reminiscent of a bell, they notify the owner of the appearance of a person outside the door. The character of a toy terrier is absolutely devoid of aggression towards strangers, but if the dog feels the danger coming from a stranger, he boldly rises to the defense of the owner: growls and snaps like a real watchdog.
Russian toy terrier gets along well with children and other pets. But young children do not communicate with these dogs. The fragile body of the dog may suffer from mistreatment, as the baby may drop the dog or step on its paw. Therefore, a toy terrier can be started in a family where there are children over 6-7 years old.
The basic rules of education toya
Toy appearance does not negate the need for education and training of the dog. Toya has a fairly high level of intelligence and a lot of tricks. The dog instantly assesses the situation and takes advantage of the weakness of the owner, so from an early age it must be taught to order.
First of all, a toy terrier should learn a set of basic commands: sit, lie, stand, fu. As a rule, dogs quickly learn these commands, if you use the method of promotion.
Toy terriers quickly remember the commands, if you use the method of promotion.
Russian toy terrier can be accustomed to the toilet, so that there is no need to take him outside in the cold or extreme heat. To train a toy terrier to a tray or diaper is necessary so that he does not have to endure it before going out. This will prevent the dog from developing kidney or bladder disease.
Despite the external harmlessness, toy terriers are distinguished by rebelliousness and a penchant for disobedience.
In their education it is necessary to adhere to the following rules:
- Do not allow the dog to growl for any reason. This behavior is stopped by the team, given a sharp voice.
- The dog enters all the doors after the owner. This rule allows you to suppress the instinct of the leader, laid by nature.
- A dog is allowed to sleep only in the place reserved for it.
- On long journeys the dog is in a carrying bag.
Walking with a toy terrier
For walks Russian toy terrier, you must purchase clothes for all seasons. In frosty and rainy weather, you will also need shoes.
IMPORTANT. After walks, the clothes must be removed, and the dog's hair wiped with wet wipes to remove static electricity generated from friction.
On walks, the Russian toy terrier is led out on a leash, which is attached to a harness. The dog loves to sit on the hands of the owner, but, given the not very small weight, it is always quite difficult to carry the pet. The problem is solved with the help of a special bag-carrying, which will relieve the load.
The toy terrier needs clothes for all seasons: a warm jumpsuit for the winter, a light T-shirt for the summer.
Care for hair, eyes, ears and claws
Caring for a dog consists in combing once a week with a comb with frequent teeth and bathing with a special shampoo once every two weeks. Long-haired terriers are combed twice a week. Once a month, the dog's coat is treated for parasites.
The Russian Toy Terrier smooth-haired does not need a haircut. A long-haired toy terrier needs a shortening of tow, groin and hair on the ears.
Once a week, wipe the dog’s eyes with a cotton pad dipped in strong brewed tea. Ears free from excess sulfur, rubbing their inner surface with a damp cotton pad.
The terrier's claws are trimmed once a month with a special tool, then eaten away with a nail file. Paws after walking rubbed with a damp cloth. In winter, the feet must be washed, so that the reagent does not remain on them.
IMPORTANT. It is impossible to penetrate deep into the ear, as it is possible to damage the eardrum. If there is an unpleasant smell from the ears, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Anal gland cleaning and parasite treatment
The anal glands of the Russian toy terrier require special care, as the secret can accumulate in them. If the dog begins to fidget on the floor, itch his back on pieces of furniture, it is necessary to clean the anal glands from fluid accumulations.
To do this, press the sides of the anus with your thumb and forefinger. The first time it is better to entrust the procedure to the veterinarian and observe his actions so as not to damage the pet with inept movements.
The toy terrier needs to periodically brush his teeth with a soft brush.
Every six months, it is necessary to treat the intestines of the dog from worms. Pet teeth brush with a special brush and toothpaste weekly.
What to feed a toy terrier
Like all dwarf breeds, the Russian toy terrier has a sensitive digestion, so the question of how to feed a pet must be approached responsibly.
Fully balanced diet and obtaining all the elements necessary for the growth and development of the pet can be provided by the organization of food with dry food of super premium brands - Hills, Origen, Belkando, Brit.
However, relying only on the name of the manufacturer is not worth it. The intestine of a toy terrier is quite problematic, therefore the food is selected taking into account its preferences and under the control of the reaction to food.
Feeding that natural food
The natural diet of a Russian toy terrier should consist of a third of meat and sea fish. Meat is given to a dog in scalded or boiled form, fish boiled or frozen. The chicken is given to the dog only in boiled form, boneless. To maintain the bone system, the dog can be given cartilage.
IMPORTANT. The bones of a toy terrier are strictly prohibited.
The pet's meat ration is supplemented with cereals (rice, oatmeal, buckwheat) in the form of semi-liquid cereals, vegetables in stewed or raw. Twice a week, the baby is given a raw or boiled yolk. Puppies can also be given milk.
Per kilogram of animal weight is given 50-80 grams of food per day, divided into 2-3 feedings.
It is not recommended to give milk to adult dogs, as it can cause indigestion. Для взрослых тоев молоко заменяется кефиром, ряженкой, творогом. Кисломолочные продукты должны быть жирностью не более 3%.
Расчёт порции определяется весом собаки. На килограмм веса животного даётся 50-80 граммов пищи в день, разделённые на 2-3 кормления. Натуральную пищу нужно немного подогревать. Натуральное питание обязательно дополняется специальными витаминно-минеральными добавками.
Russian toy terrier is forbidden to give the following products:
- fatty meats (pork, lamb),
- egg white,
- sour cream,
- pastries and white bread,
- smoked products
Health and life expectancy
Dwarf breeds have rather poor health, therefore they require careful observance of conditions of detention. The main danger for the Russian toy terrier is injuries, hypothermia and viral infections.
Russian toy terriers are easily injured and fractured limbs, so we should not allow them to jump from a height.
The most common problems are:
- Dislocations and fractures. Occur when a dog falls from a height of more than 50 centimeters or carelessly handling a pet.
- Colds. In cold weather, the dog must be dressed. The apartment should not be drafts. Neglecting walks and overheating of the dog also leads to colds. The dog can not be muffled and kept constantly in the apartment. Such a “greenhouse” pet will get sick much faster than a seasoned dog.
- Allergic reactions to food and insect bites.
- Nervous system disorders.
The life span of a Russian toy terrier is 10-15 years. The term of life is affected by compliance with the rules of the animal and timely access to a veterinarian in case of the first signs of illness. Minor ailments in the form of digestive disorders, overwork can be cured on their own by balancing the food, ensuring the rest of the pet.
Vaccinations as disease prevention
Vaccination of a toy terrier begins at three weeks of age, usually used for this vaccine Nobivac.
The first vaccinations to Russian toy terrier are done by the breeder:
The first vaccinations to the Russian toy terrier are done by the breeder.
- In 3 weeks - borderellosis and parainfluenza.
- In 4 weeks - plague and parvovirus enteritis.
- In 8-10 weeks - viral hepatitis, leptospirosis.
- In 11-13 weeks again from the plague, viral hepatitis, rabies.
The vaccination card must always ask the breeder during the purchase of a puppy.
Further vaccinations are carried out on an individual plan annually from the following ailments:
You should not neglect vaccination, even if the pet is always in the apartment and walks solely on the balcony. The owner can bring any infection to the house from the street on clothes or shoes.
During vaccination, the following rules should be followed:
- Limit pet contact with other animals before vaccination.
- Before vaccination, in about 2 weeks, it is necessary to carry out treatment against worms, as well as insect parasites.
- Within 2 weeks after vaccination, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the pet: control the temperature, the dog's stool. If shortness of breath, increased drooling, skin rash appears, you must provide medical care to your pet.
Here are some effective drugs that can be used for de-worming toy terriers:
Knitting Russian toy terrier
Breed suitable for breeding at the age of 1.5 years. Willingness to mate in females can be determined by swelling of the genital organs and bleeding from them. The behavior of the female is also changing: a change of mood, flirting with female dogs, characteristic of sitting down.
The female and the dog should fit each other in size.
An important factor is the selection of partners for mating. The female and the dog should fit each other in size. It is desirable that one of the partners mating was not the first.
The first meeting with an individual of the opposite sex is always stress, so the task of the owner is to create maximum comfort during the process. It would be ideal if the mating will take place under the supervision of a cynological club specialist or a veterinarian. Knitting should occur in a room where there are no distractions. You should not force things, it is better to get used to each other.
Puppy selection rules
Having decided to purchase a puppy of a Russian toy terrier, you should immediately abandon the idea of buying it in the bird market. Cold and heat are detrimental to these gentle creatures, and the baby is likely to get sick and may even die in the first days after the acquisition.
You can buy a purebred puppy with a good pedigree in a specialized nursery of cities:
- Moscow is priced from $ 300 (http://blueberrynights.ru/, https://toychiki.jimdo.com/, http://toichih.narod.ru/).
- St. Petersburg - at a price of $ 250 (https://rustoy-garem.jimdo.com/, http://terrier-toy.ru/, http://www.toyks.ru/).
- Exterior of the dog. A puppy must have long legs. Deep chest. A body that fits into a square shape. If the baby has short legs, do not listen to the seller, who assures. That they grow up. The length of the legs will not change.
- Color Colors that do not conform to standards, despite the seller’s claims of exclusivity, speak of a tribal marriage.
- Eyes. A purebred puppy has slightly protruding, rather than strongly bulging eyes. If a puppy has bulging eyes, it means that he has increased intracranial pressure.
- Back. The ass of the puppy should be located below the withers, and the back is allowed only flat, without deflection.
- The condition of the dog. A puppy should not have bald patches, increased discharge from the eyes and nose, or dirt under the tail.
It is recommended to pick up a puppy from the mother not earlier than 3-4 months. By this time, the baby has already received all the necessary vaccinations and has a sufficiently developed immunity to move it to a new environment.
Before you read the reviews of the owners of the breed Russian toy terrier, we suggest to watch a small film dedicated to these miniature dogs.
Breed Owner Reviews
Aelita. My toe is Terry. This is a cheerful, kind, affectionate dog, reluctantly walking on the street. When I bring for a walk, all the time pulls home. House walks in the tray. Never once shat by or elsewhere. He eats almost everything willingly, loves grapes and apples very much. The only inappropriate behavior was during pregnancy. When the puppies began to move, she ran around the room with hatched eyes. She was very nervous until the puppies were distributed. Then everything returned to normal.
Svetlana Russian toy terrier - affectionate, gentle, cute dog. It feeds on boiled meat: chicken breast, veal. I only give rice from cereals - she is allergic to the rest. Very poor health. We have already been poisoned, we have broken our legs, we have had a cold many times. In general, the toy terrier is a small child in the house for all his dog's life.