The clever dog is a dream of any person. Choosing a four-way friend, everyone asks the question: "Which dogs are the smartest and loyal?" It should be noted that all animals are smart enough, but some breeds cope with certain tasks better than others. In our article we want to find out which dogs are the most trained and reliable. What is the intelligence rating of dogs?
According to the largest organization of dog breeders in the United States, which made the intelligence rating of dogs, the first place was taken by the Border Collie breed, bred in the UK. These animals possess serious mental abilities and a burden to serving the person. According to many independent polls, it is this breed that leads the lists.
She was bred in England by breeding shepherd dogs. We selected the best specimens from which we received new puppies. Border Collie had to feed the animals, so the dogs were taught to be hardy and unpretentious in food, attentive, able to learn quickly, remembering everything new on the fly. Officially, the breed was registered in 1915, although they were already known about it in the 18th century.
Border Collie is very wary of strangers, but does not show aggression. But with the owners it is playful, sensitive and attentive. The collie dog, which we describe in our article, is obedient, which means that it is very easy to train. Puppies begin to train with eight months. And after a year or two, the dog will easily fulfill all your commands. Probably for this reason, the border collie is recognized as the best dog for all competitions. It is enough to simply prepare it for the exhibition, agility, freestyle, and flyball. Obedience provides an opportunity to use representatives of this breed to help rescue groups.
The habits of the smartest dogs
Border Collie has a rare hard work. She likes an active lifestyle. Dogs are willing to speak at exhibitions, they can graze sheep. Because of such a thirst for activity, the Border Collies are not recommended to be kept in an apartment, since she constantly needs to engage in physical and mental labor.
Dogs of this breed are very playful and fun, from a very young age they need society, and therefore they need to devote enough time. They can be wary of strangers, until they make friends. But to their relatives sometimes may show some aggressiveness, but only at first.
As for mental abilities, the Border Collie tops the intelligence rating of dogs. At a young age, animals can indulge in self-indulgence, having matured, they behave like intelligent calm creatures. Therefore, they are excellent companions.
In general, thinking about what breed of dog to start, by all means think about a border collie. Friendly, active, fun, intelligent animal will be the most beautiful friend of the whole family. Since the dog loves communication, you will not be bored with it. She will not sit still, looking for all the new fun and work. In addition, the Border Collie is distinguished by a committed attitude to his owners.
Representatives of this breed can have both long and short wool of medium hardness. It protects the animal well from the weather and almost does not absorb bad odors. Therefore, contrary to the opinion of many people, caring for animals is not as difficult as it may seem. The dog just needs to be combed several times a week. But the training should be approached with the utmost seriousness, starting it as soon as possible.
The intelligence dogs rating can surprise inexperienced dog breeders with their representatives. Who do you think takes second place in it? Very unexpected, but it's a poodle. It turns out that these are very smart dogs. They are able not only to perform with circus programs (although this is not subject to all dogs), but also to many other actions. For example, poodles are excellent swimmers, they can save a drowning person. There are many species of breed: there are small and large. There are even hunting poodles that help the owners during the hunt for birds. Therefore, it should be noted that it was not by chance that they were in the ranking in second place.
Since childhood, we have become accustomed to the fact that a poodle is such a curly funny baby. And in fact, large representatives of the breed are excellent defenders of their owners, so you should not treat them dismissively.
There is an opinion that the poodle is a female dog, but this is not quite so. This is a beautiful, athletic, active animal, proud and strong. This breed has become one of the most popular in the world. Meanwhile, poodles have a long history. Although they are the national breed of France, their roots go back to Northern Europe. Once they were exclusively hunting dogs.
Poodles come in four sizes. The largest representatives are able to protect their owner, but you should not take such a dog as a guard, because poodles are very good-natured creatures and they themselves will never attack the enemy. In addition, the animal needs to pay a lot of attention, it needs your praise and affection.
The Great Poodle must take a dog training course, its exceptional abilities will be worthy of use. Even dwarf breeds do not want to just sit on their hands. They need active leisure. They love long walks. For them, it is important that the owner is next to them. Poodles are always ready to fool around and play. If you practice a dog and give it due attention, it will bring a lot of joy and fun to your family.
Continuing to discuss the intelligence rating of dogs, it should be noted that the third place is occupied by the German Shepherd. There are many guesses about the origin of this breed, but the truth has been lost somewhere in the depth of the centuries. However, it is known for certain that in the seventh century AD such a dog already existed in Germany.
Representatives of the breed are very intelligent and loyal to man, so they rightfully took a worthy place in the list of the most intelligent dogs. Sheepdogs are great for the role of guards, unlike soft and good-natured poodles. Not without reason, the police use this breed of dogs as assistants.
It should be noted that on the territory of the USSR there was not a simple dog in the service of internal organs and border guards - the East European Shepherd. It was bred in the thirties specifically as a service breed for the army and the needs of the national economy. The progenitor of the breed was a German shepherd, imported from Germany.
In general, these animals are among the most trained and intelligent, but they need to be engaged without fail. The beginning of the training of the German Shepherd should be at a very young age. This is not an easy process, but you cannot do without it. It will take tremendous patience and firmness. However, in no case is cruelty, otherwise the dog may become disobedient.
Regarding the sheepdogs there was a stereotype of aggressiveness But this is a wrong judgment. Such behavior in an animal can be formed under the influence of improper upbringing. The German Shepherd will certainly defend its owners and be distrustful of strangers, but by its nature it is non-aggressive.
Distributing breeds of dogs on the intellect, experts have given the honorable fourth place to the golden retriever.
He has a calm, sometimes even too imposing character. The nature of the animal perfectly combines such features as sensitivity, calmness, the ability to easily learn new knowledge and skills. In the process of training dogs show exceptional diligence and efficiency. The animal is always ready to come to the rescue, gets along well with children. In addition, the golden retriever is completely non-aggressive towards strangers and animals.
Very often, representatives of this breed are used as guides for blind people and for medicinal purposes. Remarkably, this dog is suitable for children with psychological problems. Training a retriever usually causes absolutely no problems. Dogs are excellent swimmers and at the same time love the water. They are well acclimatized both in apartments and in private houses. Life expectancy is from twelve to fourteen years.
Dobermans, short-haired service dogs that were bred in Germany, rank fifth in the ranking of the most intelligent dogs.
Representatives of the breed are outstanding individuals who need not only good care, but also the healthy climate of the family. They can reveal all their potential abilities only in patient and intelligent hands. Dobermans are very smart, but they need good training, otherwise they can simply become uncontrollable. Training is a mandatory element of education, otherwise the remarkable mind can work only in the direction of leprosy and tricks. This breed of dog can, if necessary, protect its owner.
Scottish Sheepdog, or sheltie
Among the huge variety of shepherd dogs (Belgian Shepherd Tervuren, Malinois, Groenendael) I want to highlight the sheltie. In fact, this is a miniature collie. Those who have long wanted a collie and did not dare to start it because of its size, you should think about a Scottish shepherd. It should be noted that the animal is not only very beautiful, but also capable. Sheltie with distrust refers to strangers, she does not like the obsessive desire to scratch her behind the ear. Scottish Sheepdog is well trained.
Sometimes people mistakenly believe that the breed of dogs Labrador and Retriever are two completely different species. In fact, this is the same animal. Bred breed was for hunting. However, the creature turned out to be playful, perky, loving. And because the representatives of the breed have become the ideal family dogs around the world. Labrador retrievers love walking, playing and frolicking. Active entertainment, they are ready to do all day. Such a dog is suitable for any family, the only condition for keeping is sufficient time for walking. The nature of the Labrador is so flexible that even a child of ten years will cope with his upbringing.
Eighth place in the list of smartest dogs is papillon. This breed has a royal history, since the ancestors of the modern species were favorites at the royal court. Not every breed can boast of such a past.
Papillon is a descendant of a spaniel. Breed arose in the fourteenth century, and France and Belgium are considered as the homeland. A distinctive feature of this species is beautiful ears, similar to the wings of butterflies. The breed owes its bright past at court primarily to its mind.
Rottweiler is rightfully ranked ninth among the smartest animals. Dogs of this breed are distinguished not only by their power and strength, but also by their balanced temperament.
Rottweilers are very hardy, they love to work, they are always energetic and full of energy. They are loyal advocates of their masters. As a rule, dogs tend to establish very close relationships with only one member of the family.
Rottweilers are courageous and self-confident. But a timid person will not suit them at all as a master, because firmness and confidence will be needed in raising an animal. With a good coach, rottweilers very quickly learn everything they need, but they definitely need training and firm discipline. They need a large space for games, because they have great energy. An important quality of the Rottweiler is the ability to get along with even the smallest children.
Closes the ten most intelligent dogs Australian Shepherd. It was removed by artificial means in America in the twentieth century. It is not precisely determined what breeds of rocks happened, however, the experiments were so successful that, at present, people all over the world enjoy the company of a faithful and reliable friend.
Continuing the list of the smartest dogs
Next on the list of the smartest dogs are sixteen more representatives. All of them have good performance. Training for different teams occurs in five to fifteen repetitions. Dogs quickly memorize everything new, but only practical exercises can improve results. So, the list continues with the following breeds:
- Welsh Corgi Pemborok.
- Miniature Schnauzer.
- Springer Spaniel (English).
- Belgian Shepherd Tervuren.
- Kurzhaar - dog-hunter and companion.
- Cocker Spaniel (English).
- Epanol Breton.
- American Cocker Spaniel.
- Weimar Pointer.
- Belgian Shepherd Malinois.
- Pomeranian Spitz.
- Irish Spaniel.
- Hungarian Pointer.
- Welsh Corgi Cardigan.
Perhaps all the breeds listed by us are distinguished by excellent mental abilities. No wonder many of them have gained popularity all over the world. Of course, many breeds have long lost their true purpose, such as the Belgian Shepherd Malinois and many others, and are now simply wonderful pets and just friends of man.
Each breed has its own history, and some species have been formed over the centuries, gaining the best performance. However, it should be noted that the times are changing, the requirements for dogs are changing. If, for example, previously strong, hardy animals were valued, like a kurtshaar - a dog is hardy and athletic, then absolutely miniature parlor dogs have come into vogue, demanding increased attention to themselves.
Perhaps many will disagree with the presented rating of the most intelligent dogs and will be right, because for each owner his four-legged friend is the most intelligent and talented.
And those who are just thinking of having an animal should definitely think about which dog you want to see next. It is no secret that everyone wants to get a smart pet, who will become a real member of the family. However, it should be understood that any dog will require a lot of attention from you. In order for an animal to show all its abilities, it is necessary to regularly train it and surround it with care.
The smartest dog breeds. Top 26 (with photos)
In 1994, Stanley Koren (born 1942), professor of psychology at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver (Canada), published the book Intelligence of Dogs. This book has become a bestseller, it has already withstood 16 editions and has been translated into 26 languages (there is no translation into Russian yet).
In his book, the author examines three aspects of the intelligence of dogs: instinctive intelligence, obedience intelligence and adaptive intelligence. Instinctive intelligence allows the dog to perform functions that have already been genetically defined, for example, shepherd or guard. Adaptive intelligence manifests itself when performing tasks using its own forces. The intellect of obedience is the ability of a dog to learn how to execute a person’s commands. It was the intellect of obedience that formed the basis of the ranking of the smartest dog breeds that Stanley Coren presented in his book. Data on the ability of dogs to perform various teams Koren received by interviewing judges on the training of dogs in the United States and Canada. The author himself recognizes the limitations of his approach to determining the intelligence of a particular breed, since riding or hunting breeds of dogs must have a significant degree of independence in order to successfully accomplish their tasks, for this reason they are less inclined to execute commands than domestic dogs. Therefore, despite the fact that riding or hunting breeds of dogs are in the rating much lower than domestic breeds, this does not always mean that domestic breeds are definitely smarter. In addition, the author notes in his study that the relatively recently bred dog breeds are more trainable than the ancient dog breeds, whose genotype is closer to the wild wolf genotype, not by chance the Afghan hound, one of the oldest dog breeds, occupies the last place in the ranking.
Stanley Koren divided the dogs in the ranking into groups based on their ability to master and execute commands. AT group with the lowest learning abilities (the development of a new team requires from 80 to 100 repetitions, the percentage of the team’s performance from the first time is 25% of cases and above) the following dog breeds were included: Afghan hound, Basenji, English Bulldog, Chow Chow, Russian Hound, Bloodhound, Pekingese , beagle, mastiff, basset hound, shih tzu. Dogs of this group took place in the ranking from the 80th to the 70th.
The next group is dogs with training abilities below averagex (mastering a new team - from 40 to 80 repetitions, command execution from the first time - in 30% of cases and more). В группу вошли бульмастиф, лхаса апсо, чихуахуа, бультерьер, сенбернар, скотч-терьер, пиренейская горная собака, бобтейл, лейкленд-терьер, японский хин, тибетский терьер, вандейский бассет-гриффон, денди-динмонт-терьер, китайская хохлатая собака, левретка, мальтийская болонка, брюссельский гриффон, французский бульдог, мопс, силихем-терьер, норфолк терьер, скай терьер. Собаки этой группы заняли в рейтинге места с 69-го по 55-е.
Места с 54-е по 40-е заняли породы со средними способностями к дрессировке (mastering a new team - from 25 to 40 repetitions, executing the command from the first time - in 50% of cases and above), this is Akita Inu, Boston Terrier, Irish Terrier, Welsh Terrier, Ivisi dog, Rhodesian Ridgeback, Wire-haired Fox Terrier, Shar Pei , Whippet, Alaskan Malamute, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, Dachshund, Great Dane, Boxer, Scottish Dirhound, West Highland White Terrier, Griffon Cortals, Greyhound, Otterhound, American Foxhound, English Foxhound, Tibetan Spaniel, King Charles Spart, Keante, English Kingfound, English Foxhound, Tibetan Spaniel, King Charles Sparthe, Quet, Quest, English Foxhound, Tibetan Spaniel, King Charles Sparthe, Quet, Quest, English Foxhound, Tibetan Spaniel, King Charles Spart, Quet, Quet Herald american cue Water Spaniel, chornopodpaly kunhaund, drathaar, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Pointer, Finnish Spitz, saluki, Australian shepherd, Kuvasz, Irish Wolfhound, Curly Coated Retriever, Irish Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier, Fox Terrier, Bedlington Terrier.
Places from 39th to 27th place occupied breeds with above-average training skills (mastering a new team - from 15 to 25 repetitions, executing the command from the first time - in 70% of cases and above), this is a Dalmatian, Norwich Terrier, Clamber Spaniel, Pharaoh Hound, English Setter, Miniature Pinscher, Australian Silky Terrier, Affenpinscher, Norwegian Elkhound, Irish Setter, Kerry Blue Terrier, Cairn Terrier, Bearded Collie, Gordon Setter, American Staffordshire Terrier, Australian Terrier, Newfoundland, Field Spaniel, Samoyed Dog, Manchester Terrier, Welsh Springer Spaniel, Breeder, Broomstick Flanders Bouvier Airedale Terrier, Giant Schnauzer, Yorkshire Terrier, Bullets, Chesapeake Bay Retriever.
Places from the 26th to the 11th occupied breeds of dogs with excellent ability to traine (mastering a new team - from 5 to 15 repetitions, executing the command from the first time - in 85% of cases and above):