One of the most common problems of poultry farming is diseases of invasive naturethat are called parasites that enter the body through contaminated litter or feed. Without appropriate treatment, they can cause very great economic damage, both to private farms and farms. One of the means to combat this disease is metronidazole, with instructions for use of which can be found below.
For which diseases metronidazole is used
Metronidazole is an antiparasitic drug. with a pronounced antibacterial effect. It is effective against most protozoa and anaerobic microorganisms. In poultry farming it is widely used for the treatment and prevention of such common diseases like:
After taking the drug is very quickly absorbed from the digestive system and is distributed in the tissues and organs of poultry. Metronidazole has the ability to penetrate from the circulatory system into the nervous system and accumulate in the liver. From the body excreted within 2 days with urine and feces.
When growing broiler chickens This antibiotic can be used both for the purpose of prophylaxis and directly for treatment of coccidiosis or histomoniasis. These diseases affect the digestive system of the young in the first days of life and cause focal inflammation, which, without appropriate treatment, will lead to complete damage to the liver. As a result, the cost of feeding increases or there comes a partial or complete loss of livestock.
Symptoms of coccidiosis:
- Strong reduced appetite.
- Very young drinks a lot.
- Chickens inactive, heap in heaps.
- The bird tries to settle down as much as possible. closer to heat.
- Chickens are sitting chuckling and ruffling plumage.
- Present diarrhea with blood.
- Can sometimes be observed full or partial paralysis.
Prophylactic treatment of young broilers spend every 2 weeks until the age of 1.5 months. The drug is laid in the feed at a dose of 20-25 mg per kg of live weight of the bird for 5 days. Adding powder to water is not advisable and ineffective, since it practically does not dissolve in it and settles at the bottom of the drinkers.
When growing turkey poults Metronidazole is used as a prophylactic and therapeutic agent for the treatment of such a dangerous disease as histomonosis. This young age is subject to this disease, starting at 2 weeks of age. After infection, the birds begin to develop inflammation in the liver and cecum, which progress without appropriate treatment and further lead to severe exhaustion and death.
Poults eat from the feeder
The main symptoms of histomoniasis:
- Appetite reducedand in severe cases it may be completely absent.
- The bird is in a depressed state, inactive.
- Wings lowered, and plumage dirty and disheveled.
- Observed frothy diarrhea bright yellow.
- Sometimes observed blue skin on the head, for which the disease and received the second name "black head".
The drug can be given to turkey poults, both for the purpose of prevention and directly for treatment. The dosage in these cases will vary. For prophylaxis powder of metronidazole tablets is added to the feed at the rate of 20 mg per kg of live weight of the bird for 3-5 days. Therapeutic dose for turkeys will be more, and will be 25 mg per kg of weight, it will be necessary to give it within a week.
When growing goslings Metronidazole is used both as a prophylactic and directly for the treatment of diseases. For example, such as, trichomoniasis or gistomonoz. For these diseases are characteristic severe damage to the digestive and respiratory systemswhich ultimately lead to death from exhaustion or choking.
Goslings drink water
The main symptoms of trichomonase:
- In the sick bird in the throat can be seen yellowish bloom.
- Elevated temperature.
- Goslings refuse to eatGeneral condition is depressed.
- Present diarrhea yellowish gray with offensive odor.
- Goiter increases.
- Observed labored breathingaccompanied by discharge from the nose and eyes.
The disease can last up to 2 weeks. The death of goslings can from it can reach 90%. For the treatment of diseased birds the drug is added to the feed at the rate of 25 mg per kg of body weight for 10 days.
How to give for the treatment of adult birds: ducks, geese and turkeys
In the process of raising poultry, it is often necessary to treat adult herds. This is especially necessary for waterfowl species, such as geese or ducks, for example. Also very often metronidazole is used to treat adult turkeys.
Poultry in the household yard
Dose of the drug during treatment is 1.5 grams of active ingredient per kilogram of feed. Giving it is necessary for 10 days.
Such treatment, carried out with the aim of prophylaxis or treatment, further allows to obtain strong and healthy offspring from the breeding stock.
Metronidazole 500 mg
Metronidazole has a devastating effect on most protozoan parasites: Trichomonas, gistomonad, amoebae and a number of others. It is also effective against common anaerobic bacteria. After ingestion, it enters the digestive system, from where it spreads very quickly to all tissues of the organs. He also has the ability to accumulate in the liver.
Release form, dosage
Metronidazole is produced in pill form. with a mass of 0.5 grams. The content of the active substance in them can be 0.25 or 0.125 g. Tablets can be packaged in plastic cans or cardboard boxes of 250 or 1000 pieces.
Metronidazole in a can of 1000 tablets
Metronidazole is a drug, so before using it, it is advisable to consult with a veterinarian. He can accurately diagnose a diseased bird, choose the right dose of the drug and determine the duration of treatment.
Focus of action
Metronidazole is used both in veterinary medicine and in conventional medicine to remove the simplest parasites and anaerobic microorganisms from the body. In the case of poultry, this remedy helps to heal and prevent such diseases, as:
The instructions for use must indicate that the active ingredient of the drug can accumulate in the liver. It enters the body through the digestive system, from where it spreads rapidly throughout the body. Metronidazole is completely eliminated only two days after the last dose with feces and urine.
Instructions for use for birds
Given that different types of animals are prone to different diseases, then a single dosage for all does not exist. At a certain age and for each case, there are rules that should be strictly followed.
Broiler chicken chickens are prone to diseases such as coccidiosis and histomoniasis. With the help of metronidazole, they can be prevented or cured in the early stages of livestock damage. It affects young disease in the first days of life, so it is recommended to feed off chickens with antibiotics immediately after purchase.
Ignoring prophylaxis may lead to the livestock die or due to the affected liver does not gain the necessary mass. At the same time, feed consumption will be within the normal range, which means that all cultivation will lead the owner “to the minus”. To prevent such consequences, the behavior of chickens should be monitored closely and measures should be taken immediately at the first signs of disease. Symptoms include:
- poor appetite
- strong thirst
- reduced bird activity
- churning under heat sources
- disheveled plumage
- diarrhea with blood
- sometimes paralysis.
With the appearance of at least a few, it is necessary to urgently carry out the processing of livestock. The dosage for broilers is 20-25 mg of the drug per kg of live weight of the bird. It should be applied for 5 days every 2 weeks up to the age of six weeks. Since the powder tablets practically does not dissolve in water, then pour it into the feed, uniformly mixing the daily dose with the required amount of food.
In the private farmstead and in farms turkeys are prone to histopathomy. This disease leads to severe exhaustion of the bird, and subsequently to death. It can also be treated with metronidazole, but it is better to use as a prophylactic agent. The first signs of disease can be detected in turkey poults from two weeks of age, since it is during this period that they are prone to the disease. Symptoms include:
- decreased appetite
- depressed, sedentary state,
- disheveled plumage
- bright yellow frothy diarrhea,
- sometimes the skin is blue on the head.
The last sign gave the disease a second name - "blue head", but it does not always appear.
The dosage of the preparation for poults depends on the purpose. As a prophylactic for healthy young animals, it is necessary to add 20 mg of medicine per feed per kg of live weight of the bird. Use the tool should within 3-5 days. To treat a disease already present in animals, 25 mg of the drug should be added to the food. The course duration at the same time increases to 1 week.
The use of metronidazole in waterfowl is also possible for the treatment of existing diseases and their prevention. Most often goslings and ducklings susceptible to histology and trichomoniasis, which in a state of neglect leads to depletion and death of livestock. Determine the disease in an animal by the following symptoms:
- decreased appetite
- enlarged goiter
- yellow bloom in the throat,
- high temperature
- yellowish gray diarrhea,
- labored breathing,
- discharge from the eyes and nose.
Birds can live with these symptoms for up to 2 weeks, after which the mortality of the livestock is 90%. The use of metronidazole for treatment is carried out for 10 days. Add to the goose feed should be 25 mg of the drug per kg of live weight of birds. As a prophylactic medication, it is used only to prevent hististonase. In order for the birds not to be affected by trichomonasis, it is necessary to follow sanitary rules and the mode of feeding animals.
Apply metronidazole can be for other species of birds. The dosage for them is calculated for each kg of weight by 20 mg. Thus you can treat pigeons, hens, quail. It is important to know that a bird can only be started on the milk after 5 days have passed since the last dose of the drug.
Treatment of adults
Sometimes, even after preventive measures at a younger age, adult animals can get sick. Most often such situations arise with waterfowl species. The use of metronidazole for adults is also allowed, but the dosage is already 1.5 g of the drug per kg of live weight of the population. Course duration is increased to 10 days.
Similar course of admission can be carried out as a prophylactic agent in order to obtain in the future strong offspring from the existing livestock. It is possible to eat eggs from treated birds no earlier than 5 days after the last intake.
Metronidazole is a strong antiparasitic drug, so its independent use for animals is not desirable. For an accurate diagnosis is recommended to seek the advice of a specialist.
A ban on the use of the drug can only be intolerance to its active ingredient, which happens very rarely. With regards to side effects, it is necessary to highlight the appearance of allergic reactions, but their risk is minimized with respect to the recommended dosage of the drug.
In veterinary medicine, metronidazole is offered in packs of 250 and 1000 tablets, but doctors can sell them individually. The dosage of the drug is 0.25 or 0.125 mg of the substance.
In which diseases is metronidazole effective?
The drug fights well with anaerobes, but does not cure aerobic and fungal diseases.. Anaerobic bacteria cause coccidiosis and histomoniasis in broiler chickens. These diseases affect the digestive tract in the first days of life. Inflammation caused by coccidiosis or histomoniasis without the necessary treatment leads to damage to the liver, which means death of the animal.
- decreased appetite
- increased thirst
- diarrhea with blood clots,
- the chicken’s aspiration is away from other individuals
- the location of the bird near the heat source,
- less paralysis.
The drug is given in a dose of 0.1 g of the basic substance per kg of the individual mass (if in tablets 0.125 g of the basic substance, then 1 tablet per 5 kg of chicken weight, if in tablets 0.5 g of the basic substance, then one tablet per ten kg of mass body). The required amount of powder or tablets is completely dissolved in water. The chicken is injected into the beak with a syringe or pipette. Metronidazole is given three times a day for 1.5 weeks.
There is a way when metronidazole is given not with water, but with food. The crushed tablets or powder is mixed with poultry food at a dosage of 150 mg per kg of food. Give for ten days.
- loss of appetite,
- yellow frothy diarrhea,
- wing overhang
- the chicken’s aspiration is away from other individuals
- feather pollution.
- Blue skin on the bird's head.
The disease is more common in chickens from 20 to 90 days of life. Adults develop histomonosis in rare cases.
Every two weeks for broiler chickens with feed mix metronidazole at a dosage of 0.2-0.25 g of the drug per 1 kg of chicken weight for five days. Preventive measures against coccidiosis spend up to 1.5 months.
- loss of appetite,
- yellow frothy diarrhea,
- wing overhang
- the chicken’s aspiration is away from other individuals
- feather pollution.
- Blue skin on the bird's head.
The disease is more common in chickens from 20 to 90 days of life. Adults develop histomonosis in rare cases.
For treatment, 0.25 g per kg of mass is dissolved in water and injected through a syringe or dripped from a pipette 7 days three times a day.
The crushed tablets or powder is added to food in a dosage of 4.5 g per kg of feed divided into 3 doses. Give ten days.
For prophylaxis, the powder is mixed with food in the amount of 20 mg per kg of bird weight in the period from three to five days. The break between courses is at least 10 days.
What are the symptoms of Newcastle Bolzen and is it possible to cure chickens from it? Find out about it by reading our article.
Is a runny nose dangerous for chicken and what is it talking about? Read here.
Contraindications and side effects
In poultry farming, the only contraindication is intolerance to the main component of tablets, but such cases are very rare.
If it is correct to dose metronidazole and give it the desired period, then allergic reactions, which are the only side effect, are not found. But in case of their occurrence, it is necessary to cancel the drug and contact a veterinarian. He will select a drug of similar effect.
Thus, with timely treatment, coccidiosis and histomoniasis are not terrible to broiler chickens. And preventive measures will allow livestock not to get sick, which means - to quickly gain weight.
Metronidazole for animals and birds: instructions for use
The most common problem of the poultry industry is invasive diseases caused by parasites that enter the body of birds through feed or dirty litter.
Without appropriate measures and the necessary therapy, parasites can cause significant damage to the health and economy of both private farms and farms. One of the most effective and common means to combat this disease is metronidazole, the instructions for use of which will be described in detail a little below.
Metronidazole is an effective antiparasitic agent that has a bright antibacterial effect. It works great for most anaerobic microorganisms and protozoan parasites. In poultry farming it is widely used for the prevention and treatment of the following common diseases as:
After taking the medicine is extremely quickly absorbed by the body and optimally distributed in the tissues and organs of diseased birds. The capabilities of metronidazole have the ability to penetrate from the circulatory system into the nervous tissue and be absorbed in the liver. Excreted from the body within 48 hours with urine and feces.
Выдача метронидазола для лечения взрослых особей: уток, гусей, индюков
Growing a bird, be it ducks, geese, turkey poults, breeders often face the need to use drugs in the treatment of not only young but also adult herds.
In particular, it is very necessary for waterfowl species, for example, such as ducks or geese.
Metronidazole is also regularly used as a preparation for turkeys, treating their adult livestock.
In the treatment, the dose of the drug should be at least 1.5 grams of active medicine for each kilogram of feed. The course of treatment must be carried out within 10 days.
Such a treatment, which was carried out according to all the rules for prevention or treatment, will help in the future to get healthy and strong offspring from the breeding stock.
Not less often this drug is used to treat animals. In these cases, there is also a positive effect. Animals show a speedy recovery. They can be given the drug as a powder for food, as well as whole tablets or halves. According to statistics, animals recover sometimes later birds.
If you use metronidazole, without violating the instructions of the instructions, do not change the recommended figures in the dosage and deadlines for use, then the risk of unwanted side effects is reduced to the minimum marks.
Also, rarely when using medications allergic reactions are observed.
If it starts, then work with the drug must be completed and immediately contact the veterinarian so that he correctly assesses the situation, takes into account all the factors and selects the most appropriate medicinal analogues.
Contraindications to the use of metronidazole
Contraindications to the use of the drug in both animals and birds is only individual intolerance or hypersensitivity to the chemical composition. But, fortunately, this happens extremely rarely.
Metronidazole for animals used in other schemes. It is necessary to familiarize with conditions of application specially.
Instructions for the use of metronidazole in veterinary medicine
Preparations for animals and birds
One of the most well-known problems in veterinary medicine are diseases of an invasive nature, which are caused by parasites that accidentally enter the body of a bird or animal through dirty litter or food.
In the absence of proper treatment, they can cause very substantial economic harm to both individual and farm farms.
One of the effective means to combat this disease is Metronidazole, with guidelines for the use of which you need to get acquainted with before applying.
Metronidazole is considered an antiparasitic substance with a proven antibacterial effect. It is effective against many simple parasites and anaerobic bacteria. It is effective in the use of calves, pigs, dogs, cats. In poultry farming it is widely used for the treatment and prevention of diseases such as:
Metronidazole is a white or slightly greenish crystalline powder. It is slightly soluble in water, it is difficult - in alcohol. Tablets contain 0.25 and 0.5 g of metronidazole.
After taking the drug is well absorbed from the digestive system, then distributed in the body of the bird. Metronidazole leaks from the circulatory system into the nervous system and accumulates in the liver. Excretion from the body occurs within 2 days in the urine and feces.
When growing broiler chickens, this preparation can be used both for the purpose of prophylaxis and directly to cure coccidiosis or histomonosis.
Prophylactic processing of young broiler chickens is carried out every 2 weeks up to the age of one and a half months. The drug is added to feed 20-25 mg per kilogram body weight of the bird for 5 days. Adding powder to water is irrational and inefficient, since it is almost insoluble in it and sits on the bottom of the drinkers.
When growing turkeys, Metronidazole is used as a preventive and therapeutic agent for the treatment of such an unsafe disease as histomonosis.
The drug is given to poults for both prevention and directly for treatment. Dosing in these options will be different.
For the purpose of prevention, the powder from the available tablets Metronidazole is added to the feed at the rate of 20 mg per kilogram of the active weight of the bird for 3-5 days.
Therapeutic portion for turkeys more, is 25 mg per kilogram of weight, it should be given within a week.
At the time of growing the goslings, Metronidazole is used both as a preventive agent and for the treatment of diseases such as trichomoniasis or gistomonoz. To cure a sick bird, the drug is added to the feed at the rate of 25 mg per kilogram of weight for 10 days.
With trichomoniasis, metronidazole is not used for preventive purposes. In order to avoid the appearance of the disease, sanitary and hygienic requirements and proper nutrition should be observed.
Metronidazole can be used to treat pigeons, quails, guinea fowls and their chicks. The dose of the drug in this case will be 20 mg per kilogram of weight.
After using the substance, slaughter of poultry for meat is possible no earlier than five days after completion of the application. Meat obtained earlier this time is not suitable for use in food and is only suitable for processing into meat and bone meal.
During the cultivation of poultry there is a need to heal the older population. In particular, it is necessary for waterfowl species such as geese or ducks. Quite often, metronidazole is used to treat older turkeys.
The dosage of the substance during treatment is 1.5 grams per kilogram of feed. It should be given within 10 days.
Eggs after this kind of processing can be applied to food no earlier than 5 days after the completion of the use of the drug.
To cure rabbits, a remedy is prescribed for septicemia, salmonellosis, colibacteriosis, enteritis, giardiasis, and other diseases. The agent is administered orally (intramuscularly, orally) and as external (flushing of the vagina, the prepuction area).
For rabbits, the drug must be diluted with water, the dosage and duration of treatment prescribed by the veterinarian. The use of the pharmaceutical form for rabbits is carried out by making a solution.
When treating rabbits and other animals, it is not recommended to combine the use of Metronidazole with other medical devices, especially it is necessary to carefully consider the composition of concomitant medications (there should be no alcohol).
This drug is contraindicated to the reception in the presence of an allergy to it and its components.
If you use Metronidazole according to the instructions, do not exceed the recommended dose and timing of use, in this case, the threat of side effects is reduced to the minimum amount. Extremely rarely, when using a substance, allergic reactions can occur.
In this case, the reception should be interrupted and contact the veterinary doctor, who will select other drugs with similar effects.
Metronidazole is considered a pharmaceutical agent, for this reason it is preferable to consult a veterinary doctor before using it. He will be able to specifically establish the diagnosis of the diseased bird, choose the right dose of the substance and determine the duration of treatment. Another efficacy in veterinary medicine has such a drug as Furazolidone, produced in vials.
Antibiotics for broilers: what to give, the names of drugs
Home> Broilers> Antibiotics for broilers: what to give, the names of drugs
In order to grow healthy broilers, they need to create the appropriate conditions, follow all the rules of feeding and provide proper medical care.
Infectious diseases, the development of which is provoked by viruses, fungi and bacteria, are a great danger for chickens of these breeds. At the same time, there is an increased mortality rate among livestock, and, accordingly, poultry farmers incur considerable losses.
It is for this reason that farmers, even on small farms, use antibiotics for broilers.
When antibiotics are needed
Not always antibiotics have a beneficial effect on the health of birds. Often they lead to disruption of the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract.
That is why they should be used only for the purpose of suppressing the activity of pathogenic microorganisms and strictly observing the dosage.
In case of abuse of these drugs, broilers get used to them, and accordingly, at the right moment, the desired effect will not be achieved.
The digestive system of chicks in the first days of life is still poorly developed. Chicks have a reduced acidity and lack of an adequate amount of enzymes.
Chicks are not able to independently regulate body temperature and are most vulnerable to any external influences.
For the same, so that harmful microorganisms do not attach to the walls of their intestines, there is nothing left but to solder the broilers with antibiotics from the very first days. Only in this way will it be possible to prevent the development of a number of diseases.
What medicines are better?
Not all poultry farmers are positive about the use of antibiotics in the process of fattening broilers.
However, in certain situations, the disease progresses so quickly that the farmer does not even have time to adequately assess the situation and take appropriate measures.
As a result of this development, the breeder may lose some of their pets. That is why antibiotics are strongly recommended for prophylaxis and therapeutic purposes.
Antibiotics for chickens
Among farmers engaged in growing broilers at home, the drugs of the tetracycline group have gained immense popularity. These antibiotics are used to prevent and treat a variety of diseases.
However, there are these drugs for a long time. Recently, the majority of microorganisms that provoke the development of the disease, mutated and developed immunity to such drugs.
For this reason, they are not recommended for use at the initial stage of development of chicks.
To date, increasingly resorting to the use of furasolidone. This drug does not have toxic effects. It is given to chicks from the eighth day of life. At the same time, it is possible to prevent the reproduction of microorganisms that provoke the development of such diseases as colibacteriosis and salmonellosis. The dosage of the drug is only three grams per kilogram of body weight of the chick.
Not only furazolidone can be used for the prevention of diseases and their treatment. Such medications as Streptomycin, Chlortetracycline and Levomycetin are also used. Nevertheless, Furazolidone shows the maximum efficiency.
Now the veterinary branch of medicine is actively developing and new-generation drugs are emerging that are effective in combating a huge number of viruses and diseases. For example, Enrofloxacin, which is sold both in pure form and is included in a number of other drugs:
In the case of the use of these antibiotics from the very first days of the life of chicks, it is possible to prevent the development of salmonellosis, mycoplasmosis, pasteurellosis, colibacillosis and many other diseases to which chicks are more susceptible. With these drugs, chicks are drunk for five days. To this end, add just one milliliter of antibiotics to a liter of water.
A particular danger for the entire livestock is a disease such as coccidiosis. The disease affects the gastrointestinal tract, and against the background of this marked depression of the immune system. For the purpose of both prevention and treatment of this serious disease, it is recommended to use Monlar, Koktsisan or Tsigro.
Antibiotics for older birds
Growing broilers for too long is impractical. That is why they are often sent for slaughter at the age of one and a half or two months. Birds that live to three months are already rightfully considered long-livers.
Apply antibiotics at this age with an interval of fourteen days. More frequent use can cause serious damage to the health of broilers.
It is recommended to give birds a broad-spectrum drugs, the same as Biomitsin, Penicillin and Streptomycin. Most often resort to the use of the same drugs as in the case of young.
Only their dosage is changed. Naturally, it becomes a little more.
When broilers reach the age of one month, they begin to give Trichopolus or Metronidazole, but only if they are suspected of developing a disease such as histomonas.
This is due to the fact that the use of antibiotics is an incredible stress for the avian organism, especially in cases when it is not about prevention, but about intensive therapy. With the help of probiotics, it will be possible to normalize the gastrointestinal microflora and help birds cope with stress much easier and faster.
The course of antibiotics
Naturally, any antibiotics need to take a strictly defined period of time. It directly depends on the age of birds and their individual characteristics.
From the moment of birth, thus chickens are given exclusively vitamin complexes.
At the same time, they make up the right diet, contributing to the activation of protective functions, strengthening the immune system and the formation of healthy internal microflora.
All antibiotic preparations for birds are given a course that lasts only three days. After that, a break of seven days is made. Then within five days in the diet of birds include vitamin preparations. Only after this, the course of antibiotics is repeated.
The older the bird becomes, the longer the interval between antibiotic courses can be. Over time, the interval between them is extended to two weeks.
In the same cases when an epidemic broke out in the hen house or the livestock was affected by an infectious disease, the veterinarian prescribes an unscheduled intake of antibiotic drugs.
Regardless of the regimen, drugs no longer apply a couple of weeks before slaughter.
How to avoid undesirable consequences
It's no secret that taking antibiotics has a negative effect on the intestinal microflora of broilers. For the same, in order to quickly cleanse their body of the remnants of the drug, you need to follow these recommendations:
- give cottage cheese, ryazhenka and special probiotics to birds, which contribute to the normalization of intestinal microflora,
- chicks should always drink. They should not under any circumstances be short of fluid,
- ensure that the water in the drinkers is always clean,
- give pets access to green food and fresh air,
- include cabbage and carrots in the ration
- Enrich the feed mixture with meat and bone meal and all the necessary vitamins.
Antibiotic for broilers name
In order to grow a healthy, meat broiler, it is necessary to adhere to a number of rules for keeping, nursing, feeding and medication services. All these conditions must be combined in a single complex. Only in this case, you can achieve success.
The newly hatched chicks, the first 24 hours have digestive problems, as this system is still underdeveloped. They cannot regulate body temperature either, so they need additional heat supply.
Therefore, in order to prevent possible complications, before placing the birds in the allotted place for keeping, the room must be heated to 32-34 degrees. Everything in the placement should be heated. This air and litter and drinking water. Water temperature should be about 25 degrees.
At the same time, ascorbic acid and glucose are added to it in order to avoid putrefaction processes in the intestines.
It must be remembered that large doses and long-term use of antibiotics can be toxic to birds. Therefore, in the case of the use of these serious means you need to be extremely careful, and carefully calculate the dosage.
To help in the development of weak broilers, they are added vitamin-mineral complexes. Probiotics are increasingly being used to optimize digestive problems. Diseases of broiler chickens can be very different. For example, such as ascites, hydropericarditis, and pulmonary edema, these pathologies occur when there is a shortage of oxygen in the air.
Such pathologies as: spawns, growth retardation, fluffy heads, pale chickens, poor absorption of nutrients, helicopters, brittle bones are possible. They arise from adverse environmental conditions, plus various pathogens. Treatment of broiler chickens with these diseases occurs through the use of antibiotics.
Additional vitaminization is also needed. This complex leads to a good effect. Chickens can also have health problems such as: bruising, namin and other defects. Avoiding them will help the proper placement and maintenance of chickens. Not rarely manifest and viral diseases. This is bronchitis, bursal disease.
Поэтому для избежания этих заболеваний проводят вакцинацию выводка. Для того, чтобы избежать серьезных бактериальных инфекций у бройлеров необходимо иметь профилактические лекарства.
Аптечка для цыплят бройлеров должна содержать следующие препараты, которые используются как для лечения, так и для профилактических мероприятий: Белкоcпира ораль, Байтрил, Энрофлокc, Энрокcил, Гентамицин, Коливет, Колимицин, Имеквил, Флюмекина, Флубактин, Эриприм, Тетрациклины, Левомицитин, Неомицин, Тилан.
If there is a floor content of chicks, a disease such as coccidiosis often appears. For treatment use coccidiostatics. Nowadays, the following drugs are widely used: Avatek, Koktsisan, Aviaks, Monlar, Amprolium, Tsigro, Baykoks, Vetakoks, Koktsidiovit, Klinakoks.
If the infection of a bird takes an epidemiological character, then antibiotics should be used. Antibiotics for broiler chickens should be used only after consulting a veterinarian. Late application can lead to total death. Calculate the dose based on the mass.
Antibiotics are divided into different groups: chlortetracycline (it is better to administer intramuscularly). penicillin (oral or intramuscular). oxytetracycline is used most often, chlormicetin (intramuscular injection is not recommended). erythromycin. tylosinate (often added to water). sulfathiazole.
Disease poultry is a destructive phenomenon for the economy. In this case, you must carefully monitor the condition of broiler chickens. The sooner the disease is detected, the easier and without special consequences it can be eliminated.
The so-called organic food that does not contain extraneous chemicals, are very popular among a certain part of the population around the world. A company from the United States in the cultivation of chickens uses spices instead of antibiotics
The idea of extending human life with the help of bioproducts (this is the scientific name for food, which is usually called "organic") began to gain wide popularity in the 1970s.
And although the cost of "organic" food can be several times higher than the price for the same, but normal, similar products are in stable demand.
About 30 years ago, standards for organic products were approved, in the production of which no chemicals should be used - fertilizers and remedies should not be used in the cultivation of crops, and the use of growth hormones and any drugs are prohibited in animals and poultry. And cattle and poultry should also be fed with "organic", that is, food free from chemicals.
However, it is very difficult to raise, for example, broiler chickens without the use of antibiotics - the death of young animals from various diseases in crowded conditions on chicken farms will be very large.
Specialists from the small American company Bell Evans, which specializes in the production of broiler meat, have been successfully using cinnamon and oregano in the process of growing chickens over the past few years. The last spice, which is a variety of marjoram, is now known among us.
On the farms of the company located in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania), instead of the usual smell of feathers and chicken manure, there is a pleasant aroma of spices.
The price of 1 kg of chicken meat from poultry farms Bell Evans is 4-5 times higher than for ordinary chicken meat - however, the demand for such meat is high and the company's business is booming.
Regularly conducted control tests show the complete absence of antibiotics in breasts, hips and wings of “organic” broilers, which grow well without drugs due to the antibacterial properties of spices.
In order to preserve youthful skin and beautiful appearance as long as possible, we need an integrated approach that combines many components. In addition to a healthy lifestyle, nutrition and beauty care, the use of antioxidants plays a significant role.
Good day. Pregnancy 28 weeks. on obstetric ultrasound 27 weeks. 0 d. Received the following fetometry data: BPR 66 mm, OG 241 mm, OJ 228 mm, DBC (left, right) 45 mm, dl. bones of the calf 41.3mm, lo. humerus 43.3 mm, dl. forearm bones 39mm, # 0133,
1 ml of solution contains 100 mg of enrofloxacin. In appearance is a clear yellow solution. Available in bottles of 100 and 1000 ml.
Doses and method of use.
The drug is prescribed to the bird at a dose of 10 mg per 1 kg of weight per day and is given with drinking water at the rate of: for broilers, meat turkeys, parent broiler herds at the age of 1-3 weeks - 50 ml / 100 l of water for 24-hour watering, 100 ml / 100 l of water at 12-hour watering, 200 ml / 100 l of water at 6-hour watering, 400 ml / 100 l of water at 3-hour watering. The treatment is carried out for 3 - 5 days in a row. For salmonellosis, mixed infections, and the chronic course of the disease in broilers, meat turkeys and parent broiler stock from 1 to 3 weeks of life 100 ml per 100 liters of drinking water - at least 5 days. During the treatment period, the bird should receive only water containing baitril. If within 2 - 3 days there is no noticeable clinical improvement, it is recommended to re-conduct a test for sensitivity of microorganisms to fluoroquinolones or replace baytril with another antibacterial drug.
Baytril 10% oral solution is used for the treatment of colibacillosis, salmonellosis, necrotizing enteritis, streptococcosis, hemophilia, campylobacterium hepatitis, mycoplasmosis, as well as mixed infections and secondary infections in viral diseases in broilers, and I have to use the same settings, I already have and I already have 5, I already have 5, I, I) I) I am using the 15-in-1
Do not apply to laying hens, due to the release of enrofloxacin with the egg.
Slaughter of poultry for meat is allowed 11 days after the last use of the drug. Poultry meat, killed before the deadline, can be used for feeding carnivores or for the production of meat and bone meal.
Metronidazole For Chickens Instruction
METROFULIN »LLC Firm. Metrofulin (Metrofulinum). A complex preparation containing metronidazole, oxytetracycline hydrochloride and furazolidone as active substances. 1 g of the drug contains 1.
The drug is a light yellow powder. The drug is released 0.5 and 1.0 kg in double bags of plastic film, plastic bags or plastic containers.
Store with precaution (list B) in a dry place protected from light at a temperature of plus 4.
Instructions for use of metronidazole for broilers, turkey poults, goslings and other species of birds. One of the means to combat this disease is metronidazole, the instructions for use of which can be found below.
- All antibiotics, used in accordance with the instructions for use for broiler chickens, Baytril - too. For chickens, the powder is added to feed or water, according to the instructions.
Metronidazole has a wide spectrum of action against the simplest and causative agents of anaerbic infections. It is rapidly absorbed and accumulates in the blood, then enters the liver and with bile is secreted into the small intestine, where it is again absorbed and enters the blood. Partially excreted in urine.
Oxytetracycline hydrochloride is active against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, treanem, leptospir, rickettsiae and major viruses. The basis of the mechanism of antibacterial action is the suppression of the microbial protein biosynthesis. When taken orally, it is quickly absorbed and relatively long persists in the body.
In breeding poultry has its own nuances. Birds need to provide the necessary nutrition for growth, a warm and dry room. But it happens that there is an incomprehensible death of birds.
Therefore, novice poultry farmers should know what medicines should be given for diseases. Metronidazole for poults instruction.
The main reason for the occurrence of the disease - poor quality disinfection of premises for livestock.
Excreted mainly through the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys. Easily penetrates the placental barrier. Furazolidone has a wide range of action, is effective against a number of microbes resistant to antibiotics and sulfonamides. Pathogens of dysentery and salmonellosis are especially sensitive to it.
Resistance of microorganisms to it develops slowly. The compounding ingredients of the drug are well compatible and mutually enhance the antimicrobial effect. Bacteriostatic concentrations, on the background of the recommended doses, are retained in the serum for 1.
Metronidazole and furazolidone also have an antimicrobial effect in the gastrointestinal tract. The order of use of the drug.
The drug is used in piglets as a therapeutic and prophylactic agent for colibacillosis, salmonellosis, dysentery, bacterial enterocolitis, as well as for the treatment of chickens suffering from colibacillosis and salmonellosis.
Other types of animals can not prescribe the drug. Piglets are prescribed in the morning and evening feeding for 5-7 days. In their treatment, the rate of input in the feed is 5 kg per ton.
For prophylactic purposes, Metrofulin is administered at the rate of 2 kg per ton of feed. Chickens Metrofulin normalized at the rate of 2 kg per ton of feed in 5-7 days. The drug is contraindicated in case of increased sensitivity of animals and birds to its composite components.
Caution should be used in diseases of the liver and kidneys.
Side effects are not observed, but in some cases can cause digestion of the digestive system, changes in the mucous membranes, skin allergic reactions. Slaughter of pigs and chickens for meat is allowed no earlier than 4. In the case of forced slaughter earlier, it can be fed to carnivores. Personal preventive measures 4.
During the use of the drug should observe personal hygiene and safety regulations. After completing work with the product, wash your hands and face with warm water and soap.
Claims filing procedure.
In case of complications after the use of the drug, its use is stopped, and the consumer turns to the State Veterinary Institution, in the territory of which it is located.
Veterinary specialists of this institution study compliance with all rules on the use of the drug in accordance with the instructions.
When confirming the detection of a negative effect of the drug on the animal's body, veterinary specialists take samples in the required amount for laboratory testing, write the act of sampling and send it to the State Institution to confirm compliance with regulatory documents.
Composition and release form
Available in the form of granules and tablets. Granulate 25% is a white or white granulate with a greenish or yellowish tinge, slightly soluble in water and alcohol. One gram of granulate contains 250 mg of active ingredient. Metronidazole tablets contain 25% or 50% of the active substance, flat, white or white with a greenish or yellowish tinge, with an average weight of 0.25 g, 0.5 g, 1.0 g. Packed 25% of the granulate in 0.025, 0.5 , 1 kg in plastic bags and cans. Tablets - 100, 250 and 1000 each in cardboard boxes or cans.
Metronidazole has a wide range of destructive effects on many protozoa, including trichomonads, Giardia, balantidia, amoebas, gistomonad and others. After internal use, the drug is well absorbed from the digestive tract, penetrates organs and tissues, passes through the placenta and the blood-brain barrier, accumulates in the liver. Excreted from the body after 1 - 2 days after administration. Mainly excreted in the urine in unchanged form and in the form of metabolites, partially excreted in the feces.
Trichomoniasis of cattle, balantidiasis and dysentery of pigs, histomonosis of geese and ducks.
Doses and method of use
For the treatment of trichomoniasis of cows and bulls, the drug is administered orally for 3 to 4 days in a row, twice a day at a dose of 10 mg per 1 kg of animal mass for the active substance. For local treatment, use 1% metronidazole suspension (DV) on saline. The drug is poorly soluble in water, so the obtained suspension of metronidazole immediately before use is thoroughly shaken and washed the vagina or prepuce of sick animals 2-4 times with an interval of 24 hours, spending 25-50 ml of suspension. For the treatment of balantidiasis in pigs, metronidazole is prescribed orally at a dose of 10 mg per 1 kg of animal weight (according to the active substance) 2 times a day (in the morning and in the evening) for three consecutive days. If necessary, repeat the treatment after 7–10 days. For the treatment of histomoniasis of turkeys and geese, the drug is given at the rate of 10 mg (for the active substance) per 1 kg of bird weight 3 times a day for 10 consecutive days, or once a day at a dose of 1.5 g (for the active substance) per 1 kg of feed. within 10 days.
The use of milk in food is not allowed within 36 hours after the last use of the drug. Milk obtained within 36 hours after oral administration of metronidazole should be boiled for 30 minutes and fed to animals. Slaughter of animals and poultry for meat is allowed 5 days after the drug is discontinued. Meat of animals and poultry, forced killed before the expiration of the specified period, is processed into meat and bone meal.