Almost in every family, people try to have a pet, and a huge preference, of course, is given to dogs and cats. Cats, like people, are not immune from disease. One such disease is the plague. Although the people say that the cat has 9 lives, this circumstance absolutely cannot help the animal to avoid the sad outcome of this disease. It is necessary to understand what kind of disease it is, what are the signs of the disease plague, how to protect their pets from such a disaster.
What is the distemper of cats?
Panleukopenia ("cat distemper") is a viral disease of cats that is very difficult to cure. Even with proper care, in most cases, it turns out that the vet simply can relieve the pain of the animal. In 90% of cases, this disease leads to the death of a pet in the absence of proper treatment. No one can guarantee a successful outcome.
This virus is extremely dangerous for the cat. It infects brain cells, blood and the gastrointestinal tract, as well as stem cells. If the cat is pregnant at the time of infection with the distemper, the disease can easily penetrate into the developing organism of kittens. Kittens and lactating animals suffer the most severe disease, their immunity is severely weakened, and the body simply cannot cope with the pathology on its own.
Ways to infect a cat
Cats that live in the house and do not go out on the street are completely immune from infection with this disease. This, of course, reduces the risk of developing the disease, but cannot reduce them to zero. The virus itself is very tenacious and can roam on the clothes of the host if it is somewhere on the street in contact with an infected animal or its secretions.
This virus is mainly transmitted by:
- Upon contact of the animal with fluids infected with a virus. These may include drooling, animal excretions, blood, urine, etc.
- It is also possible infection from fleas, ticks, mosquitoes.
- In utero. If at the time of pregnancy the mother was sick with distemper, the kittens will get the virus too. The consequences will be noticeable. Kittens can be born underdeveloped.
- By contact, when the owner brought the virus on clothes.
Full and quick recovery does not happen immediately. The virus in the body of an adult animal remains 2-3 months, and kittens - up to 1 year. Animal immunity suffers for life, it remains weak.
Let's analyze the main symptoms of distemper in cats and signs of this disease. They usually develop quickly. After infection with the virus after about 2 days, the first signs of the distemper in the cat begin to manifest. They will point to the sickness of the animal.
These days it is important that the owners notice these first signs of distemper in cats for the timely treatment of the animal. After all, a positive result of therapy depends on the timely start of treatment of the animal. Consider the first signs of distemper in cats:
- The passivity of the cat.
- Temperature increase to 41 degrees.
- Lack of appetite.
- Cats stop caring for themselves.
Increased temperature lasts about 2-3 days, after which it may fall. And this is extremely dangerous, since it means that the animal’s body has ceased to fight the virus itself. After that, the animal begins profuse diarrhea, in appearance that resembles water. With diarrhea, dehydration only increases, all the mucous membranes become dry.
If you did not notice the first symptoms and signs of distemper in cats, then the complication of the disease and the manifestation of new symptoms are not far away:
- There is an unpleasant smell from animal feces.
- Cats become harder to breathe due to pulmonary edema.
- There are bloody discharge.
These symptoms are hard not to notice in an animal living with you in the house. Therefore, most often people go to a veterinary clinic just after the appearance of these signs of distemper in a cat.
How does the development of the disease in cats?
Panleukopenia, or "cat distemper" is somewhat similar to a dog. These viruses come from the same family, but have different subtypes. In dogs, the nervous system suffers in most cases, and in cats, the intestines are affected.
First of all, the virus itself enters the body. It can get in two ways:
- Orally - through food or drink
- Respiratory when the animal has inhaled the virus.
The virus eventually enters the bloodstream of the animal, spreads throughout the body. First of all, the bone marrow cells and lymphoid tissue are affected. With a strong defeat of the body by the virus, the process of leukocyte production is suspended, as a result of which the body is unable to fight the pathology itself.
After that, nothing prevents the virus from multiplying inside the body of an animal and capturing more and more territories, striking and killing more cells. This process lasts from the first to the third day of the disease. At this point, and you can see the first signs of distemper. After the leukocytes ceased to be produced in the body, the virus quietly keeps its way to the cat's intestines, as a result of which the intestinal inflammation in the cats begins - enteritis.
Stages of development of distemper
When a virus enters the body, signs of distemper in cats begin to manifest, symptoms develop one after another. Like many diseases, the stages and speed of development of the pathology may differ. Feline distemper has three stages of development:
- Subacute stage. This stage can develop in vaccinated animals, but the risk of getting sick is very small. Mainly adult cats with good immunity are subject to the disease. In the subacute stage of development, the same set of symptoms is manifested as in the acute stage, they only occur in a form that is easier for the animal. Such animals can count on a positive result of treatment in most cases.
- Acute stage. This stage occurs in adult cats. To the main signs of the disease is added redness of the eyes, strong wheezing with cough. In cats, there is a constant desire to drink, but because of the pain when swallowing and getting into the body, they simply cannot quench that thirst. Possible damage to the tissues of the heart, it can lead to the development of heart failure. To cure the disease without the intervention of doctors is almost unreal. But there are also miracles. If an adult animal managed to recover from the disease, then it acquires immunity. In the case when you applied on the third day after the cat infection, you can count on a positive result of treatment.
- Super Sharp Stage. This stage is most common in small kittens, as their bodies are not yet fully developed. With the defeat of the virus, the kitten's body becomes weakened, and with every minute and hour his condition worsens greatly. At this stage, the kittens may suffer the nervous system. They become more fearful, afraid of light, start to run from side to side. In addition, the infected kittens quickly become dirty wool, it sticks together in different places. Also, the appearance of vomiting in the form of a yellow foam. At this stage, it is necessary to consult a doctor in the first hours, as sometimes kittens cannot live for a day with this pathology.
Absolutely at any stage a cat needs urgent treatment. Therefore, without delay, if you see signs of cat distemper in your pet, go to the veterinary clinic. There are also cases when the disease does not manifest itself and flows in a closed form. Then sharply the cat becomes ill, she dies within a day. Such cases are rare, but they can not be excluded.
The best prevention of such diseases is the vaccination of a pet. The first vaccination falls on the kitten at about eight weeks of age, the next vaccination is done after 4 weeks. In the future, vaccination should be carried out once a year. Modern vaccination, of course, protects the animal for much longer than one year, but doctors reinsure themselves and recommend still to be vaccinated every year.
By vaccinating your pet as it should be, you will certainly save your money and time for its treatment in case of illness. This is a very painful disease, so it is better not to risk the health of your pet, but to carry out all preventive measures on time.
The cost of vaccination depends on what kind of medicine you plan to inject. Imported vaccine will cost a little more expensive than domestic. Also the price varies from the place where you live. Similarly, it is cheaper to vaccinate in a clinic than to call a doctor for this at home.
If you observe that your pet has started to behave strangely, has become less active and refuses to eat, this can sometimes indicate the first signs of distemper in cats. First of all, you can measure your pet's temperature at home. To do this, you must have a thermometer and a regular glove. In order not to soil the thermometer, we cut off one finger from the glove and put it on the thermometer head. Himself thermometer insert into the anus cat. If the temperature is 40-41 degrees, it means that you should consult a doctor.
You can also try to check the cat's belly. If you start to slightly press it, then the pet will cause discomfort and pain. This is because the intestine is infected and all the tissues inside are inflamed.
Each doctor at the first visit to the veterinary clinic collects the history of your pet: what are his vaccinations, whether the animal is allergic to drugs. Upon visual inspection, if the doctor suspects signs of distemper in a cat, he needs to find out with whom the cat has been in contact.
In the veterinary clinic, the doctor must conduct a comprehensive inspection of the pet, be sure to take blood for tests to determine what problem is present in your pet. Even if you turned at the first signs of distemper in cats, you still need to pass tests. Blood will show a reduced number of leukocytes in the blood. This means that the blood is infected with a virus. You will also need to pass a stool test. This analysis shows the maximum number of pathogens approximately on the third day.
Treatment of distemper
To date, there is no specific and standard treatment for cat litter. Therefore, it is not recommended to treat a sick cat at home. As soon as you notice signs of distemper in a cat, go to the veterinarian. The doctor, after a survey, is oriented in the treatment of the animal. This is mainly the support and assistance to the body in the fight against the virus. Therefore, the first thing the doctor prescribes a course of broad-spectrum antibiotics. Further, it is necessary and important to give a serum to stimulate the immune system.
If the animal is severely dehydrated, it will be necessary to put an IV. It is also recommended to use products with a high content of glucose and vitamins, it is great to help strengthen the immune system of the animal. Depending on the situation, some doctors prescribe antibiotics and antiviral drugs.
All treatment should be strictly under the supervision of a physician, so that when new signs of discomfort appear, the physician can correct the therapy. Such treatment can last from 5 days to 3 weeks, it all depends on the state of the cat in which she was taken to the hospital. It is difficult to cure an animal from a cat's plague, but this is possible with the timely response of the owner and the good work of the veterinarian. In no case can you treat the animal yourself. If you do not have a medical education, you can only aggravate the disease.
Host action in pet disease
The first and most important thing is, of course, to recognize the signs of distemper in cats in time. If you notice that the cat refuses to eat, you do not need to push it into it by force, you must immediately measure the temperature. At temperatures above 40 degrees, you must take the animal to the doctor.
The doctor will begin treating your pet. But you should also know the simple rules by which your pet will certainly strive for recovery:
- Obligatory airing of the room where your pet is. At the time of airing the room the cat must be moved to another place so as not to aggravate the disease.
- Immediately get rid of all cat feces. She should not be close to them, as they contain infection.
- Since a cat's eyes may have a little eye bleeding and foam may form in the mouth area, it is necessary to wipe these discharges so that they do not give the sick animal any extra discomfort.
- Proper nutrition. This is an important point on the road to recovery of your pet. Food needs to be adjusted under the state of the cat. Fruits, vegetables, herbs are forbidden to give during the period of illness. They are also not recommended to give after an illness for 3 months. Food should be served to the animal in a puree form, it should be warm and easily digestible. It is also not recommended to impose large portions, the cat at the time of illness will not eat much. Therefore, serve food in small portions, you can increase the number of feedings up to five times.
- It is necessary to carry out wet cleaning of the room every day. And it is desirable to maintain the average temperature in the room.
Effects of treatment
With a positive treatment of the disease, of course, leaves its mark in the subsequent life of the cat. Main consequences:
- Violations of the proper functioning of the body of the animal.
- Undermined immunity.
- Perhaps in an animal the disease will turn into a chronic disease.
If you summarize all of the above, it will become clear that your pet certainly needs the help of an experienced veterinarian, what signs of plague would not be there. The most important thing that you can do to protect your pet from such a misfortune is to conduct vaccination on time. This will help your cat stay healthy.
Remember that if your pet is at home, it is not immune to the disease plague. You may not see signs of a distemper on a cat on the street, stroke it and return to your pet with a virus. Take care of your pets and respond to changes in the behavior of the animal in a timely manner. Do not miss the symptoms and signs of distemper in cats.
Such a terrible disease claimed many lives of four-legged, as long as there is no specific treatment, it will take pets. But after a while, doctors must find a cure for cat discomfort.
Many people are faced with such misfortune as the distemper of cats. They say that the animal stopped eating, became lethargic. In the veterinary clinic, the doctor examined the cat, took tests. Since the owners reacted on time, the treatment helped - the animal was saved.
Other people treated the cat for almost 2.5 weeks. But most importantly, the doctor chose the right treatment and was able to help the cat. They claim that the cat caught the virus while walking on the street.
Clinically healthy cats less than six years old are the least at risk of infection. This is evidenced by statistics.
With age, the protective functions of the body are depleted, so cats from six to eight years old are most at risk of developing the disease. This group also includes juveniles (up to a year). During this period, the kitten's body is not yet fully grown. He can not resist the virus of the disease in question.
Ill cat during pregnancy brings non-viable offspring. Panleukopenia can cause miscarriage, mummification and resorption of the fetus.
How is the distemper of cats transmitted?
Any cat, regardless of age, gender, breed, conditions and place of detention, is at risk. A carrier of the virus can be a person himself. No, he will not be sick himself. For example, will bring infection on shoes with soil particles. At the same time for humans, the virus poses no danger. If the cat walks down the street, the risk of contracting this disease increases.
The cats that have had a distemper have been carrying the virus for some time. A healthy animal may become infected through contact with carrier saliva. For example, it is enough to drink from one vessel or smell the feces of an infected pet. Even passing through the grass or soil, where the virus carrier was walking before, the cat has a high risk of getting sick.
So, now it becomes clear that it is not necessary to have close contact with an animal in order to become infected.
In the room where the sick cat lived or was, the virus persists from six months to a year. Therefore, in the case of the death of the animal, you can start another pet after the specified period. Unfortunately, it is impossible to kill the distemper virus with any disinfecting agents.
How is the distemper in cats?
This happens very quickly. Panleukopenia disease has several different forms.
1. Lightning fast (super sharp).
Most often lightning develops in young individuals plague. In cats, symptoms are mainly expressed in weakness. С каждой минутой она лишь увеличивается. Тело котенка начинает дрожать, а само животное отказывается от еды и питья. Шерсть питомца моментально загрязняется и слипается. Если вирусом поражается нервная система, то котенок начинает метаться по сторонам. Он прячется и боится света. Возникает ощущение, что его поразил вирус бешенства.Without reacting to any stimuli, the kitten spends almost all the time lying down. These are the first signs of distemper. In cats, in severe cases of leaking, this disease causes vomiting with yellow foam, fetid bloody diarrhea. The fulminant form of leakage requires an immediate appeal to the veterinarian in the first few hours.
Acute virus flow
The acute course of a disease such as distemper in cats (the symptoms are quite pronounced) is typical for adults. At the first stages, the animal does not eat anything, almost all the time it lies, sleeps and does not react to the world around it. Occurs yellow or green vomiting, light shades of diarrhea. Body temperature can drop to 37 or rise to 41 degrees. After a couple of days, vomiting may contain bleeding. If the disease gives complications to the cardiovascular system, then a dry cough, wheezing in the chest occurs. The cat will start breathing with its mouth open. There may be discharge from the nose and eyes. At the same time, the eyes become red and the nose is hot. On the skin appear purple spots, and sometimes purulent formations. The animal will be thirsty, but will not be able to quench it due to spasms in the larynx.
It is almost impossible to get sick with the plague without going to the veterinarian. But if a miracle happened, then the cat develops immunity for several years. If the animal lasted three or four days, the chances of recovery are very high.
There are cases when the distemper is asymptomatic and the pet dies on the second or third day. Therefore, you should not wait for miraculous healing, but you should immediately contact the veterinary clinic for help. Otherwise, the animal may die.
Subacute virus pattern
The subacute form of the disease is typical for adult cats with strong immunity, in exceptional cases for vaccinated animals and for clinically healthy elderly individuals. Although of all the rules there are exceptions.
In the subacute form of distemper in cats (the symptoms are almost the same as in the acute course of the disease) lasts from one to three weeks. At the same time, the signs of infection are not so pronounced, and the percentage of favorable outcome, recovery, is very high.
Treatment of ailment
Currently, almost every pet is threatened with a disease such as plague. In cats, the treatment is aimed at helping the animal. So that it can cope with the disease itself. There is no special miracle drug. Therefore, treatment of the distemper can be prescribed exclusively by a veterinarian and only after a thorough examination of the animal. Given the severity of the disease caused by the symptoms, the doctor will select an individual course of therapy. Without a special education, you should not engage in treatment yourself, relying on information from various sources. This can cause a backlash. In addition, the treatment of panleukopenia requires the introduction of medication through an IV.
From dehydration, intoxication and to restore cellular balance, drugs are used, which are based on salt, high glucose products, various vitamins, antibiotics. Anesthesia, support of the heart and blood vessels caused by antihistamine drugs. Also use drugs to stimulate the immune system. There are cases when gastric lavage helps to overcome the disease.
Therapy lasts from seven to fourteen days. The duration of treatment depends on the condition of the cat. You must complete the entire course prescribed by a veterinarian, even if the animal has recovered at first glance. The treatment process should take place under the supervision of a specialist, so that if necessary, you can make adjustments in a timely manner.
How to behave during treatment?
During the period of treatment, it is necessary to air the room periodically. And at this time it is recommended to clean the cat in another room. You also need to disinfect the room with an ultraviolet lamp or sodium hypochlorite solution, do not scold the animal for uncontrolled feces and vomiting, but clean everything up immediately. If necessary, you will have to clean your eyes, nose and face from infectious secretions with a gauze pad soaked in a preparation recommended by a veterinarian. The temperature in the room where the sick animal is located should not be too low and not very high. Simply put, the room should be warm. It is advisable to do wet cleaning regularly and avoid direct sunlight.
It is impossible to force-feed or water the animal. The cat itself will begin to eat when the body goes to recovery. Food during the period of treatment is recommended to give light. Do not attempt to burden the animal with heavy food. Feed in small portions four or five times a day. You can offer cat sour milk, cottage cheese or lean meat broth. A couple of days allowed to give her dietary meat, which is cut into small pieces, and white sea fish. Kashi, greens and vegetables to give the cat is strictly prohibited. Food should be at room temperature.
After the final recovery, it is recommended to feed the animal with dietary products for three months.
Since the world has not yet invented the drug for distemper, the main goal of treatment is to prevent a sharp drop in immunity. The doctor tries to prevent the reproduction of the virus, the accession of bacterial infections. Fighting dehydration with droppers, maintaining electrolyte balance is an equally important task. The treatment is based on antibiotics and drugs to maintain immunity.
How to prevent the appearance of the disease?
How to treat distemper in cats? How to behave and take care of the animal? So that these questions do not bother you, it will be easiest to prevent the appearance of the disease. This will help a special drug, which extends over a year and protects the animal from many infectious diseases. Then repeated revaccination is required.
Especially kittens are in need of protection against infectious diseases, since their immunity is not strong enough. Young individuals are recommended to vaccinate twice a year in the first year of life, starting at two months of age. The first vaccination is advised to do in two months, and the second - in three. It is important that no more than 21 days pass between them.
For an adult cat, one year old is enough for one year old. There are complex vaccines from imported and domestic producers. The owner of the cat chooses the most appropriate drug.
It is important not to forget that before inoculation it is necessary to carry out deworming, that is, treatment from worms and other parasites living in the body of the animal. Since the animal is weak in the presence of parasites, it can cause undesirable effects from vaccination. De-worming is carried out once (in exceptional cases two). Please note that this should occur no later than 14 days before the cat is vaccinated.
During the illness of an animal, weakening the body, state of stress, feeding the offspring or carrying them, vaccination is not recommended.
The vaccine is safe. Every loving owner takes care in advance so that the distemper of cats does not occur. Symptoms, treatment, and a high risk of death are all preventable.
Effects of the virus
Plague in cats whose treatment has had a positive effect can still cause undesirable effects. An animal that has suffered the ailment in question, being a kitten or at a more mature age, may suffer. This is manifested in the undermining of the immune system and the functionality of the whole organism. For example, various chronic diseases can occur. Some animals have to eat whole life diet food.
So, you should not risk the health of your beloved pet, your time and nerves. Disease better warn. Therefore, the vaccine is the most effective way. Moreover, it also prevents the appearance of many other infectious diseases in cats.
There is a popular method of treatment of the disease in question when the first symptoms appear. It is important to correctly identify the symptoms of distemper in cats and not to be confused with another disease. It is better when the veterinarian himself diagnoses "panleukopenia". Simply put, there are other ailments that may cause suspicions that your pet has a distemper. In cats, the treatment of vodka of this disease is not prescribed in any veterinary clinic. Although among the people this method is very common. Judging by the reviews, this technique has a positive effect.
Contact a veterinarian or treat a cat with vodka? To decide the owner of the animal. It is recommended not to engage in self-treatment. It would be better to consult a specialist. After all, it is not entirely clear what the consequences of such experiments are. Moreover, you can make a mistake with the diagnosis and treat a cat from the wrong disease.
1. To prevent infectious diseases, it is recommended that the cat be vaccinated every year.
2. It is desirable to be vaccinated against rabies.
3. In the case of the death of the animal is not recommended to start another cat, if it is not vaccinated.
4. If there are several individuals in the house at the same time, then in case of illness of one pet it is necessary to vaccinate the others to avoid infection.
5. The symptoms of distemper in cats may be similar to other diseases, so it is not recommended to establish the diagnosis yourself.
6. You can not engage in self-treatment and hope for recovery of the cat without any intervention. You need to immediately contact a specialist.
Two cats got sick with me: they became sluggish, stopped eating and then drinking. Through the Internet with horror I learned that it is distemper. Moreover, earlier with such symptoms, my cat and two teenage kittens died. I read all the tips that people gave and began their treatment. That's what I did.
Several times a day, forcibly poured in (1 1/2 disposable syringe 5 ml, i.e. 2.5 ml) (for each cat I had my own syringe) rosehip infusion (poured boiling water into a thermos for the night) - I drink it myself every day in the winter. I added a little salt (no dehydration) and holy water of baptism to this brew (I crossed the water 3 times and spoke, "I love and thank you, the spirits of Holy water. You strengthen the immunity of cats and kill infections, viruses, microbes" three times. Rosehip is also better to baptize and speak. I made an aqueous solution of eucalyptus (I added a little alcoholic eucalyptus tincture to the water) and twice a day with 1/3 syringe 5 ml poured in. Once a day I wiped the whole body and ears with 96% alcohol. The eyes and nose were wiped off (that is, still warm) with urine - in the middle part - about mornings and evenings. Hands from head to tail took off the illness and threw it into an imaginary (on the floor represented a pink circle-pond of love) pink circle. Baptized cats, said that I love them. Mentally imagined what I was giving them injections with pink water love in the neck and thighs. Gained from an imaginary capsule with the inscription “Antidote against distemper, any infections, viruses and microbes.” Every day, twice a day, in a bowl, I changed drinking water, also spelled and baptized. Splashed on cats Epiphany water. Somewhere in three days they began to drink and get up on their own (and before that, everyone lay and slept). By the way, I forgot to say that they are brothers, they are two years old. And every day they go out for a walk and go to the toilet - apparently there they caught the disease. A week later began to eat. Now they are sweeping everything.
I feed them in the morning "wet" food, sometimes with boiled oatmeal. Then fresh fish, sometimes boiled. Then I give a little dry food and milk. Water always stands in the corridor - I change it twice a day. Milk is fresh, then yogurt. Hours in 2-3 days I give fresh chicken livers and beef cut into small pieces. Beef take trim at 200 rubles (for stew). In the evening, if asked, I give liver sausage. And if they go for a walk till the night and come back late - in the evening there is 1 more feed. Food and dry and in packs my cats prefer to eat "Friskas" - duck, chicken. These are yellow bags. Sometimes, instead of meat, I buy chicken breasts. For a change, sometimes I take chicken heads, legs and wings - I buy them on the market. Head cook, crush, or fresh smash to smithereens. Wings, legs give fresh, cut.
If cats have constipation, then I pour in 1/5 5 ml - a syringe of sunflower oil. If diarrhea or poisoned - 1/3 syringe on a weak solution of manganese. If you have a cold ½ syringe infusion of oregano and 1/3 water syringe with alcohol eucalyptus tincture. I do not give any pills. Now, after an illness, every day I pour in (for prophylaxis) 1/2 syringe of rosehip infusion. Believe it or not, wool has become thicker and better. So we overcame this filth, called "distemper." True, I do not know - forever or not. (already more than a month, how healthy)
Symptoms of panleukopenia (distemper) in cats
The main signs of distemper in cats are yellow vomiting, diarrhea with blood, shivering, high fever, and a desire to hide from the light.
This cat disease develops in three forms:
- supersharp, or lightning,
Characteristic and dangerous for kittens up to a year.
- refusal to eat and drink,
- the kitten does not respond to the mother cat,
- hiding from the light,
- afraid of loud sounds,
- hiding in a remote dark place,
- the kitten is weak and inactive,
With the progression of the disease, there is severe vomiting of yellow foam, diarrhea with blood and a strong odor.
Acute distemper (panleukopenia)
Characteristic of adult young animals with good immunity.
- high temperature (41 degrees),
- vomiting yellow foam or liquid, after 1.5-2 days in the vomit mass visible blood,
- fetid watery diarrhea with blood.
- wheezing when breathing (if respiratory organs are affected),
- purulent wounds on the lips, nose.
- The animal reaches for the water, but does not drink - because of the pain in the throat and stomach.
If the temperature drops below 37 degrees, this is an alarming signal - the animal dies.
How to care for a cat during distemper and how to feed
Ventilate the room where the animal is often located. Wash the floors with disinfectants, wash the bedding every day, wipe the eyes and nose from pus every 2 hours.
The first two or three days, give chicken broth or fish low-fat. Then you can feed baby meat food. If the animal refuses to eat - do not force it. At 4-5 days you can give a boiled egg.
A week later, try to return the cat to the normal habitual food.
Consequences of the disease
The plague depletes the cat. At least six months, he will need vitamin therapy. Required drugs to restore the gastrointestinal tract bacteria. For kittens it is important to give vitamins for bones. Often, the pet does not return to normal life, it requires a lifelong diet. It happens that chronic heart failure and diseases of the central nervous system develops.
From our article, you learned the symptoms and treatment of a terrible disease for cats. Keep in the phone book the number of the veterinary clinic to urgently react and begin treatment. Our recommendations and qualified assistance will allow your pet to enter the 10% of surviving cats.
What is dangerous panleukopenia or viral enteritis
Viral enteritis is a contagious disease that affects all members of the feline family. The disease is most often diagnosed in the spring-summer period. Mortality among small kittens can reach 100%. For humans, the pathogen is not dangerous.
The plague pathogen is a DNA virus of the genus Pavoviridae. A feature of parvovirus is the high resistance of the virus particle to environmental factors.
The causative agent of panleukopenia can retain its virulence throughout the year, which contributes to the wide spread of the disease among animals.
Feline distemper virus is not afraid of most disinfectants, is resistant to sunlight for a long time, and is not susceptible to the action of many enzymes. The high resistance of the pathogen complicates preventive measures and infection control.
The danger of the disease is due to several factors. First of all, panleukopenia is a highly contagious disease. This term specialists refer to rapidly spreading acute infections. Viral enteritis is often widespread, causing great problems not only for breeders, but also for individual owners of domestic cats.
Feline distemper is dangerous with a high mortality rate among diseased animals. According to statistics from veterinary experts, death in the case of the disease is 90 - 92%. Young animals and pregnant females are especially susceptible to the panleukopenia virus.
Ways of infection plague
Methods of infection with viral enteritis are well studied by modern veterinary medicine. The source of a dangerous illness are sick cats, as well as virus carriers. Virus isolation occurs with saliva and feces: urine, feces.
Infection often occurs through shoes, clothing, personal belongings of the owner in contact with the animal carrier.
Also important is the question of the owners of whether the cat can become infected with the dog. Особенно в тех случаях, когда уже выявлен случай заболевания одного из питомцев, проживающих на одной территории. Несмотря на созвучность диагнозов, речь идет о двух разных заболеваниях. Вирусы, вызывающие опасные болезни у кошек и собак, совершенно различны. Именно поэтому больная чумкой собака не является источником заражения для пушистой питомицы.
Кошки из группы риска
Panleukopenia virus is common among almost all members of the feline family: leopards, tigers, cheetahs. Among domestic cats, distemper is one of the widespread viral ailments that pose a threat to the life of the animal.
Veterinarians note that domestic cats at a young age up to a year are most susceptible to viral enteritis, as well as fluffy pets older than 6 to 8 years.
The risk group includes primarily unvaccinated animals under the age of 1 year. Young animals are predisposed to illness due to undeveloped own immunity, and older animals lose their ability to resist infections with age, their body’s immune properties weaken.
Dangerous panleukopenia is dangerous for an adult pregnant cat, as well as small kittens. Chances of cat getting sick with kittens after 2 weeks are increasing. This is due to the fact that maternal immunity has weakened, and the body’s own immune system strength is not enough to withstand the dangerous virus.
As for the breed predisposition, the British cats, Maine-coons, Persian and Siamese representatives are most susceptible to feline distemper.
Fulminant disease is characteristic of young individuals. The disease develops within a few hours after the pathogen enters the pet. This form of clinical illness can resemble the symptoms of deadly rabies.
The distemper in domestic cats in the super-acute form often ends with a lesion of the nervous system. The animal has a clonic-tonic type of convulsions, body tremors, paralysis. Sick cat may be afraid, there is a nervous overexcitement.
In the acute form of the disease, the incubation period is 1 to 2 days. Such a cat's distemper is typical for adult animals. Patients at the beginning of the disease refuse to eat and water, all the time lie, exhausted and apathetic. Following these signs, the owner observes vomiting of green or yellow color, with the development of the pathological process and blood in the vomit is found.
In addition to vomiting, a sick animal develops diarrhea. Fecal masses become light, with impurities of blood and mucus. Pet belly becomes painful, there is a rumbling. The cat takes a tense posture due to pain in the abdominal cavity.
The animal quickly develops dehydration and intoxication. The lack of water in the body indicates a dry and dull coat, recession of the third century. In the acute form of the disease, the owner may mark a feverish state in a cat. A low temperature of 37 C is abruptly replaced by a high one - up to 41 C. At the moment of an increase in temperature, pets are looking for cool places.
Experiencing strong thirst, the animal, however, can not drink water due to spasms of the muscles of the larynx. A sick cat also has tearing. On the body of the animal there are purple spots prone to suppuration.
In the acute course of the disease, sick individuals often have wheezing, heavy breathing, and frequent coughing. The pet develops conjunctivitis, rhinitis, inflammation and laryngeal edema. The heart system also reacts to the panleukopenia virus: tachycardia and signs of heart failure develop.
By affecting the blood leukocytes of an animal, a generalized infection affects the lymphatic system. A sick cat has inflammation of almost all lymph nodes.
Subacute form of the disease
In adult animals with strong immunity, panleukopenia often occurs in subacute form. The incubation period in this case will last up to several weeks. The clinical signs of distemper in cats with this form are not as pronounced as in the acute stage of the disease. With a high level of immune system, complete recovery of the pet is possible.
Unfortunately, at the moment there is no specific drug aimed at the destruction of a particular parvovirus. In this regard, the treatment of distemper in cats is symptomatic and aimed at alleviating the condition of the pet.
First of all, infusion therapy is prescribed to a sick animal to eliminate the phenomenon of dehydration. For this purpose, apply physiological solutions, solutions of glucose and Ringer-Locke.
These drugs, administered intravenously or subcutaneously, replenish the reserves of fluid in the body, normalize electrolyte balance. The number and frequency of administration of solutions is determined by the attending physician based on the severity of the disease.
Veterinary specialists assign a special role in the treatment of panleukopenia to strengthening the immune system. A sick animal is prescribed a course of immunomodulators and vitamin preparations. Effective with viral infections such means as fosprenil, gamavit, roncoleukin, glycopin, ribotan. Often used human immunoglobulin, as well as interferon, timogen, anandin.
As vitamin supplements, vitamin A is useful for viral enteritis, which has a regenerative effect on the intestinal epithelium. Ascorbic acid will be useful for enhancing immunity, as well as B vitamins for the nervous system of the body. Cardiac activity support cordiamine, caffeine.
If a secondary complication of the disease with a bacterial infection is suspected, the animal is given a course of antibiotic therapy. The choice of antimicrobial agent depends on the clinical picture in a particular case. As a rule, these drugs are administered parenterally.
In the event that the disease is defeated, the cats after distemper do not require any additional treatment and rehabilitation measures.
For panleukopenia in cats, see this video:
Rules for caring for a cat during treatment
The pledge of successful treatment of a sick distemper cat is competent care for the animal. From the first hours of diagnosis, a fluffy pet should be placed in a separate warm and dry room without drafts. At the time of treatment, the habitat should be shaded so that sunlight does not irritate the sick animal.
To feed the cat should be warm boiled water. On the recommendation of the attending physician, it is possible to give broths of medicinal herbs with anti-inflammatory action as a drink or add ascorbic acid to water.
In the first days of illness, warm meat broths are given to the animal. Then rice, buckwheat porridge is introduced into the menu. Gradually begin to give low-fat cottage cheese, chicken, lean beef. Feed should be in small portions 5 - 6 times a day. As the animal recovers, it is transferred to its usual diet.
The attending physician may recommend for a quick recovery to put the animal cleansing enemas based on the infusion of herbs, antiseptics.
At the time of treatment, as well as within 4 months after recovery, the pet should be kept in isolation from other individuals. For several months, even a clinically healthy animal is a potential source of infection for other members of the feline family.
As a rule, the effects of distemper in cats after the complete recovery of the animal are not observed. This is due to the fact that the virus, localized in the leukocytes and intestinal epithelium, is removed from the body, and the damaged cells are quickly restored. As a rule, the ill individuals do not require further vaccination, since they acquire a stable immunity to the panleukopenia virus.
Which cats are at risk
The least exposed to this highly contagious disease is an adult pet (up to 6 years old) with a strong immunity. An aging body loses its ability to resist diseases, including viral, which is why baleen in the range of 6 to 8 years automatically fall into the risk zone.
The second risk group consists of young kittens in the age range from 2 to 12 months. If panleukopenia is diagnosed in a pregnant cat, do not wait for the offspring: kittens will be born lifeless or the fetus will die in the womb (will dissolve, mummify, come out as a miscarriage).
Since infection does not require close contact with a carrier of a threatening virus, both a domestic cat and a domestic cat can pick it up.
The pathogen accumulates on the soil along with urine, feces and other physiological secrets of sick / recovering cats. A healthy animal becomes infected with the plague by drinking water from a common cup, as well as walking through the grass, where a sick cat wandered, or sniffing its feces.
The virus has other ways of entering the body:
- intrauterine (from mother to fetus),
- through breast milk,
- using flea bites,
- from the owner in contact with the sick animal and not washed his hands,
- through objects touched by an infected animal.
It is possible that the virus will be brought into the house along with the master's shoes and trousers for which it can “catch” on the street.
What are the symptoms of distemper cat
The main signs of infectious gastroenteritis or feline distemper will be:
- high (up to 41 degrees) temperature
- rejection of water and feed,
- sunken eyes,
- diarrhea and vomiting,
- dull coat
- dry skin.
Cats lose interest in the world and try to hide in secluded corners. An animal suffering from a fever, sits hunched up, or lies down on its stomach, pulling its limbs and throwing back its head.
Painful cramps do not give the cat overcome thirst to drink. The mucous membranes turn blue, she begins to breathe with her mouth open. A dry cough often appears due to heart problems. In the feces, as in the vomit, traces of blood are noticeable.
Often the death occurs after the first hours of the disease.
Forms of the disease
Parvovirus with a long Latin name Virus panleukopenia feline (FPV) is to blame for the occurrence of feline distemper. It is remarkable for its remarkable vitality, being unchanged in the external environment for up to one year.. It is the sustainability and long life of the pathogen that allows him to easily find new victims.
Important! Virus panleukopenia feline does not respond to changes in acidity from pH 3.0 to pH 9.0, does not decompose when heated to 60 ° C for an hour, withstands frost, is not affected by trypsin, pepsin, and chloroform and diethyl ether.
Like most viral infections, feline distemper can take one of three typical forms:
- supersharp (lightning fast),
First, the pathogen penetrates into the small intestine, bone marrow and lymphatic system, and later occupies almost the entire body.
It is more common in kittens under the age of 12 months and is characterized by the following features:
- lethargy and apathy,
- trembling limbs
- unwillingness to move,
- barely audible squealing,
- untidy (sticky) type of wool,
- refusal to eat / drink
- lack of reaction to your mother.
When the nervous system is damaged, symptoms similar to those of rabies are added to the above: a pet is frightened by any extraneous sounds, it crawls into distant hidden corners, is afraid of the sun's rays and light in general.
After a while, the symptoms are supplemented by vomitus with a yellowish foam and liquid stools (diarrhea) with a specific fetid odor. In some cases, feces are mixed with blood.
Through it, as a rule, cats with a strong immune system. In such animals, the disease is manifested as:
- temperature jumps to 41 degrees,
- interest in what is happening,
- the cat lies almost all the time
- she breathes heavily and refuses food
- the cat vomits green / yellow foam, where later (after 36-48 hours) blood particles are observed,
- watery diarrhea appears.
After some time, the temperature drops to 37 degrees: lower rates usually foreshadow an early death. Heart failure may develop. If respiratory organs are affected, the following symptoms are added:
- copious nasal discharge
- tearing and redness of the eyes,
- listening to wheezing in the chest,
- hot nose,
- foci of inflammation on the epidermis, gradually filled with pus (rarely).
The cat is very eager, but can not drink because of cramps in the larynx and pain in the abdomen.
Important! If the treatment of infectious gastroenteritis does not start on time, from the first signs to the death of the sick cat it takes less than a week. An animal that has survived retains acquired immunity to feline distemper for several years.
Given the prognosis of recovery, this is the most favorable form of a viral disease, in which all the key markers of plague are noticeable, but with their noticeably smoothed manifestations.
Through this form of the disease are the most resistant animals, vaccinated or having iron health by nature. With proper treatment, panleukopenia costs minor consequences, and quadrupeds quickly go on the mend.
In the clinic, you will need to tell your doctor all the visible signs of feline malaise, after which he will take nasal secrets, blood and feces of a sick cat for laboratory tests.
One of the defining indicators will be a sharp decrease in the number of leukocytes (white blood cells). A blood test plus a virological test coupled with general symptoms will give the correct picture for diagnosis. The more he, the more effective the battle with the disease will be.
A universal medicine to combat panleukopenia (due to the extreme survivability of the virus) has not yet been invented. Comprehensive measures help to cope with the plague: first, the use of etiotropic drugs for the destruction of FPV, and, second, the use of medicines that control the main symptoms.
Veterinarians often prefer fosprenil (antiviral agent), administered intramuscularly for two weeks.
Important! In the first days, the animal is entitled to at least 4 injections per day, but gradually their number is adjusted to 1 injection per day. The dose is calculated by the weight of the patient: 0.2 ml is administered to a cat weighing up to 1 kg, 0.5 ml with a weight of 1 to 5 kg.
In parallel, once a day (during the week), the cat receives an enterostat: 20 mg per 1 kg of weight.
Symptomatic therapy is designed to calm all the exhausting manifestations of ailments. In the fight against dehydration rely on calcium chloride. Rigger or rehydron helps to stop vomiting and cope with intoxication: sometimes powders are diluted with glucose, adding also some baking soda. During the day, the caudate patient is obliged to drink liquid at the rate of 50 ml / kg.
In order to remove accumulated toxins, they turn to traditional medicine using diuretic plants, for example, lingonberry leaves, bearberry and horsetail, from which decoctions are prepared. Do not forget about vitamin supplements and drugs that compensate for the lack of iron (Ursoferran or ferrodextran).
To start the metabolic processes used catosal (not less than 7 days). No-spa and dibazol are in demand for reducing pain and relieving spasms. In order to prevent secondary bacterial infection, antibiotics must be given during the full course of treatment.
It is carried out using zhavel's water (p-ra sodium hypochlorite) and a UV lamp. Also, for the disinfection of rooms, cat beds and bowls, you can use gaseous formaldehyde and soda ash mixed in water (1 part soda per 20 parts water).
Do not do without wet cleaning of the room where the sick animal is lying (up to several times a day). Do not forget about regular airing, during which the patient is transferred to another room.
Create a comfortable air temperature in the “ward” of the convalescent, promptly remove vomit and feces. Make sure that the cat does not fall into direct sunlight. Rinse her eyes in time, removing pus with a swab dipped in medicinal fluid.
As soon as the appetite returns to the pet, it is prescribed a diet table consisting of a small amount of carbohydrate food with a gradual increase in the protein component. On the first day, the cat is given a teaspoon of food, gradually increasing the portion (every day - 2 times).
Products recommended for an amendment animals:
- dairy products (yogurt, low-fat cottage cheese, kefir),
- meat broth of small fat content + soaked white rusk,
- Boiled shredded beef and fish fillets (not earlier than on the third day).
It is not forbidden to buy ready-made dietary feed, designed for cats with disorders of the digestive organs. In the early days, cat food should be light (preferably rubbed) and warm. Feed the mustache more often than usual: 5-6 times a day.
Important! The list of prohibited provisions includes any raw food, including vegetables, herbs and fruits. After the final recovery, these products should not appear in the cat's diet for at least a month (but two is better).
Vaccination is intended to protect the animal from infection by the plague. You can not vaccinate the weak, sick, pregnant and lactating cats. Since the most unprotected category is kittens, they are given vaccinations, starting at 2 months of age. Re-vaccination is prescribed for 21 days. The doctor uses one of the poly- or monovalent vaccines, for example, nobivac, multifel, quadricatom, feliniff and the like.
Половозрелое животное прививают каждый год, предварительно проведя дегельминтизацию (примерно за 14 дней до вакцинации). Это нужно для того, чтобы убрать гельминтов, подтачивающих кошачий организм, и добиться от прививки максимального результата.
К превентивным мерам относится и уничтожение предметов, соприкасавшихся с зараженной кошкой. If your pet has died of panleukopenia, do not bring a new one into the house for at least another year.
The effects of distemper cat
Often, the seemingly cured disease leaves its traces in the cat's body, which can be chronic malfunctions in the work of the heart muscle, the respiratory system and the central nervous system. Individual cats until the end of their lives are forced to follow a sparing diet.
Danger to humans
The only positive quality of cat distemper is its safety for humans. True, the latter can act as carriers of the virus on their things, including shoes and outerwear.
Owners of several cats should be especially careful: if one of them gets infectious gastroenteritis, it is isolated and strict quarantine is observed.