This animal leads a nomadic lifestyle, and the herd has up to 12 members. This can be both the family - the female and the young, as well as individuals fastened by friendly ties. Interestingly, animals live by the rules of matriarchy, that is, they follow the oldest female. At the slightest alarm, she assesses the level of danger and determines the strategy of the herd. Males do not take part in social life, preferring company loneliness.
As for the female leader, there are no special signs of respect for her, but her authority is unshakable. She powerfully marches ahead, occasionally upsetting her dislocating kinsmen with her trunk. Therefore, each member of the group closely watches its actions, as if “reading” its reaction to events occurring around. She, surprisingly, knows that the roar of a lioness is not a cause for concern, because the male lions are much more dangerous. Studies have shown that the elephant begins to show signs of anxiety only when it hears a growl of more than 3 predators.
Lifespan of elephants
Until recently, there were 4 species of these giants. Before disappearing, the North African elephant managed to contribute to the history of mankind - representatives of the species accompanied the troops of Hannibal during the crossing of the Alps. He died out in the III century, and therefore there are only 3 species left, each of which is characterized by a certain lifespan:
- Asian elephant - up to 50 years,
- Savannaya - up to 70 years,
- Forest - up to 65 years.
It should be noted that, quite recently, the last two species were considered one - savana, but DNA analysis showed a significant difference at the gene level.
The forest elephant does not like open spaces, and therefore lives in tropical forests of Africa. By the way, one curious fact is connected with this - the young leave the herd much earlier, which is due to the absence of dangerous predators in the savannah.
I never liked going to the circus. In the arena, the majestic animals look miserable. I especially feel sorry for the elephants. Such huge, but completely subject to man.
How long do elephants live?
An elephant of any subspecies can live a maximum of 70 years. But to achieve such an honorable age and die a little less than half the elephant population, unfortunately. And all because the duration of their life is influenced by such factors:
- place of residence
- condition of teeth
- nutritional conditions.
Under the place of residence means an elephant lives in captivity or in the wild. But, alas, none of these places guarantees the elephant that he will meet old age.
While living in zoos, elephants do not have the space that they need so much for constant movement. The expression "Movement - life" is the best way to describe the lifestyle of elephants.
Elephants - nomads. They need to move a lot for mental balance and physical health.
In addition, these bulletproof-looking animals have a fine mental organization. They are characterized by such emotions as: joy, delight, longing. Therefore, when they are locked up, they suffer. All this reduces the life of elephants in captivity for dozens of years.
In the wild, elephants live happily. However, here they are pursued by other difficulties: enemies and diseases.
How the state of the teeth affects the life of elephants
Incredibly, often elephants do not give their teeth to old age. Or rather their absence. Over the years, the elephant's teeth are erased from the constant chewing of twigs and foliage. The renewal of the teeth ends by the age of 50, and if at this moment the last row of teeth has worn out, then we can assume that the elephant begins to die. This is very terrible: there is plenty of food around, but there is nothing to eat. A lot of elephants died so agonizing starvation.
Individuals are rarely found in nature, which by nature have strong teeth that remain intact for up to 70 years.
What do elephants die from
Often elephants die from such diseases:
Males in nature are much smaller, as they are being hunted for their tusks.
Having been in Thailand, I learned a lot of new and interesting things about their patrons, elephants. It is in this country that they are treated better than people. For comparison, I will give an example elephants have a pension, on which the animals go out with 60 years, but the people, local residents, it is not. Also, the working day of elephants should not exceed 8 hours. Otherwise, its owner can be severely punished for mockery.
How many live Thai elephants
Visually, these elephants have many differences with all other animals. The very first thing that catches your eye is size. Yes, Thai animals are relatively small, but they can be called long-livers. Their average age reaches 80 years. A lot, agree ?! Where to get closer Meet elephants in Thailand:
- Ao Nang,
- Koh Chang
If you are going to ride, keep in mind, it will be more comfortable and safer on the chair. Once swept around his neck, in general, pleasure is not received. And all because the size of the neck is huge and does not allow you to sit comfortably. The elephant driver drove the entire route and said that it was necessary to relax, but I did not succeed. One pleases, beautiful photos turn out, really exotic.
Little about elephants and children
Elephants are one of the few animals that excellent friends. So, for example, going on a hunt (in the wild), mothers of elephant, can safely leave the children for one elephant, as they say, for a nanny. Data about moms and kids:
- Babies are born atweight only 100 kg.
- Already 30 minutes after birth they can stand.
- Eats mother's milk for 2 years.
- Independent is considered animal aged 5 years.
- Up to 2 years, mother reliably protects the baby. and does not even let the driver to him.
- The elephant can carry and give birth every 4 years.
In addition to walking elephants can feed. They just love bananas. I recommend stock them on the market. Keep and not buy food still will not work. And if you compare the cost, then in places where you can feed the elephants, bananas are 2 times more expensive.
How much does an elephant weigh?
The clear mind and excellent memory of elephants made them a symbol of wisdom in Asian countries. At the same time, these majestic animals are on the verge of extinction and are listed in the Red Book: fewer than 690 thousand of them remain on the planet. What threatens the elephant family, how they live in captivity, and how many years the elephant lives in natural conditions - learn from the article.
How many years live elephants in nature
The duration of the life of an elephant depends on the characteristics of the habitat. The elephant has been carrying the baby for almost 2 years, after giving birth for another 2–3 years to breastfeed him with milk, and then he switches to plant foods. If the mother dies or the cub for other reasons is separated from her, this negatively affects his health and future life expectancy.
and separated from their large family only in search of food. They may experience emotions and stress, sad, laughing, and even hugging with a trunk in a fit of joy. Up to 8–10 years old, elephants are not able to defend themselves from predators and may die from their canines. For grown-up elephants, only droughts and humans are dangerous: in the pursuit of profit, poacher hunters kill animals, extracting valuable tusks.
Under natural conditions, animals live on average to 60–70 years. Most of the time they spend on food: 16 hours a day, absorbing 300–500 kilograms of plant food and 100–300 liters of water daily. Sleep takes only 2-4 hours.
Elephants are not picky about their food, but for chewing vegetable food, the state of their teeth is important. Up to 40 years, they are replaced by the animal several times. When the last grown teeth are exhausted, the elephant dies from exhaustion.
Lifespan in captivity
Tame elephants began in the second half of the XX century. The freedom-loving African elephants did not succumb, and the Indian turned out to be more compliant and “allowed” to use themselves as vehicles and heavy vehicles on the farm.
Lifestyle changes and hard work shorten the elephant age. However, with proper care, the long-eared giants live a long time: the Taiwanese elephant is known for fighting in the Sino-Japanese War and has reached the age of 86 years.
In zoos of animals, hypodynamia lurks due to the loss of habitual habitat. They become clumsy and clumsy. Elephants can suffer from inappropriate climate and food and experience the stress of being separated from the herd. The lack of an example affects the reproduction: the birth rate is reduced, the elephant calf dies in childbirth or is born very weak, and the elephant does not know how to bring them up.
At the same time, in conditions close to the natural environment — in nature reserves and national parks — elephant populations successfully develop and, when fed with soft food, they can live even longer than in the wild, up to 75–80 years old.
How many elephants live?
Elephants are listed in the International Red Book, as even nowadays there are poachers who hunt for elephants tusks in the habitats of these animals. These animals live in savannah and rainforest Africa and Asia.
Elephants are social animals and special importance attached to tactical contact. It is known that elephants also have a certain ritual associated with the death of their relatives. Animals show interest in the skulls of elephants of their own species, regardless of the degree of kinship, and also express increased care and attention to the dying or dead elephant.
An elephant spends about 16 hours a day eating. Per day this animal can absorb about 300 kg grass and leaves. Depending on the air temperature, an elephant can drink up to 300 liters of water per day.
The average lifespan of elephants is about 60-70 years old. Once a case was recorded when the elephant lived to be 86 years old. But the life expectancy of this animal is affected by many factors, including its environment. It is known that the elephant is separated from the herd only to find food. Like all ruminants, after the elephant loses the last pair of teeth, it dies of starvation. In captivity, elephants live significantly less. More than 80% of elephants kept in captivity die at a fairly young age (about 25 years), as experiencing stress due to new living conditions.
On the life span of an elephant affects and feeding period. For example, an elephant feeds her cub with milk for about three years, but if you tear a baby elephant from a mother earlier, it will negatively affect his health.
Cubs of these giants are often in danger of being eaten by predators. Elephants who survived the childhood period have no natural enemies, with the exception of man. If an animal can survive several long droughts throughout its life and find six hundred kilograms of greenery and two hundred liters of water for itself, if it does not become a prey for poachers, then the average elephant life will be about seventy years.
Features of large animals
They are picky about food. But the life of an elephant depends on the condition of the teeth - after their abrasion, the animal dies from exhaustion. Roads change six times, the last - in forty years. After that, they are gradually destroyed and by the age of 50 the animals are not able to chew food.
The weight of an adult giant reaches 3-4 tons. The elephant bears a cub of 22 months. The newborn baby weighs almost 90 kg. For three years he eats his mother's milk, so for 36 months this couple is inseparable.
Elephants are smart, kind, calm, but they are also bad, evil, aggressive. By the way, if an animal has become attached to one person, then only his will obey his whole life.
Giants in captivity
The life of an elephant at the zoo is significantly lower. There are only a few cases where animals died at 80 years, and then in Thailand. But whatever the right feeding and proper care, elephants are social animals, they need their own kind.
In their natural environment, they live in groups - families. The male from birth to fifteen years of age is located next to the mother. The female remains with female relatives until death. Daily exercise reaches tens of kilometers. In zoos the conditions are completely different. Here physical, social and psychological needs are not satisfied as much as is possible in the wild. For normal life of elephants, zoos do not have enough territories. In addition, they are often separated, given away for breeding in other zoos. Therefore, giants in captivity are sick, and the life of an elephant is only 18-20 years.
Why is the zoo bad
As a result of research and observations of five thousand animals, the following conclusions were made:
- Elephants often indisposed. Being kept in inappropriate conditions leads to arthritis and other diseases of the extremities. Indeed, in nature, they daily pass up to 50 km, moving 18 hours each. Animals take mud baths, dust themselves, dig. Even in the best zoo, the life of an elephant is short. It resides on a solid surface, stands for a long time, often in its own waste. Consequently, infections penetrate the legs of animals, which leads to diseases.
- The nature of giants in captivity becomes hysterical. This is manifested in nodding and constant shaking of the head. The constant use of force and coercion, the content on the chain does not extend the life of elephants.
- Animals live in unsuitable climatic conditions. In winter, live in close enclosures. They add antidepressants to their food so that the animals appear happy.
- The mortality of calves is much higher than in nature.
- Zoos reduce the population of elephants, selecting them from wild families.
Giants life in national parks
Here is the longest life expectancy of an elephant. They live practically in the wild, but are under the supervision and protection of the state. They are not afraid of poachers and hunters. Animals are periodically examined and in case of any diseases or injuries provide medical care. If it is noticed that an elephant cannot feed itself or the elephant is left without a mother, they will be placed in a nursery. There, the adult giant will be looked after until death, and the little one will be released into the park when he grows up.
Giants in Thailand
For many centuries in this country, elephants have enjoyed love, respect and reverence among the inhabitants. In the monasteries are their bronze sculptures and statues. The local population is confident that the animal figures are made from real prototypes that served in ancient times at the Siamese court. They did some work of carrying loads for the construction of fortresses and city fortifications. Fierce fighting elephants during the war were able to turn the enemy troops.
With their help, the rulers of Southeast Asia, the famous duels on elephants, found out the relationship. Albino animals have always been considered a symbol of victory and luck in Thailand. Since there are very few of them in nature, the possession of a white elephant became a cherished goal for monarchs. States owning such animals were considered very powerful. Because of them, even war broke out.
Today, poachers have reduced the number of elephants in Thailand from 20,000 (1976) to 5,000. Massive deforestation also affected the number of animals.
If you think about it, it’s not so important how many years the elephant lives. The main thing is that it should exist freely and without threat to health.
Thin spiritual organization of elephants
With all the strictest bans on hunting and exporting ivory, the number of these giants is steadily declining. The reason lies in the impossibility of breeding elephants in the wild. They do not maintain modern conditions of being. Animals "understand" that the offspring will not be able to survive in the conditions of bad air and cutting down the jungle.
In the north of Thailand there are special nurseries for the breeding and maintenance of elephants. Food here they get in the form of bananas and bamboo from tourists, for which they perform breathtaking stunts. They begin to wanna teach them almost from birth. Under natural conditions, they would be taught by elephants to completely different tricks - how to get food with their trunks, how to dust themselves and water them.
Good giants are very emotional and loyal animals. They may be sad and cry, but they may laugh. They have a great memory. Elephants bury their relatives - they fall asleep their bodies with earth, cover them with branches. They also bury those whom they killed defending their young. Independent males, who left the herd, will help the former relatives, on occasion, always give the trunk.
The elephants, with their impressive external data, remain creatures with a fine mental organization. These trembling giants need to be protected by the whole world.
The average lifespan of an elephant
The average life expectancy of mammals belonging to the order of proboscis, will always vary depending not only on the species, but also taking into account such important factors as habitat, age and feeding conditions. Despite the fact that elephant hatchlings often become the prey of the largest and strongest predators, adult mammals can regard only human and adverse natural factors as the main and only natural enemies.
According to the latest estimates, in the wild, only about 500-600 thousand African elephants are left, which, with favorable factors, live to about 60-70 years old, and continue to grow slowly throughout their lives. Популяция африканских слонов также не слишком большая, а сокращение численности связано с опустыниванием всех земель, истреблением животных ради получения слоновой кости и вытеснением людьми.
The elephant is not picky in the choice of food, but the duration of his life depends on the state and degree of abrasion of teeth. As soon as the animal ceases to use its teeth, inevitable death occurs as a result of severe depletion. As a rule, closer to the age of fifty years, irreversible changes occur in the chewing process, the teeth are destroyed, and the mammal slowly dies of starvation.
How many live elephants in captivity
As the statistics show, the life expectancy of the elephants kept in captivity is significantly lower than the animals living in natural conditions. For example, African and Kenyan elephants living in captivity, die, will not reach the age of twenty years, and individuals belonging to the Kenyan species, are able to survive in nature to fifty years. Among other things, the mortality rate among those born in captivity of elephants is much higher than in natural conditions.
Important! Despite the fact that zoos and nurseries create the most favorable conditions for keeping wild animals, the life of captive elephant life is about three times shorter than the average lifespan of a mammal in nature.
Scientists explain this phenomenon by the very subtle mental organization of this sensual and faithful animal. Elephants can grieve and cry, but can also be happy and laugh. They have a very good memory. As long-term observations show, elephants are very responsible for the diseases of their relatives and surround the sick with attention and care, and after death they carry out a whole funeral ritual, covering the body with earth and covering it with branches.
Key aspects of life expectancy of elephants
In order to maintain their health, elephants, regardless of species, need to move a lot. Elephants, as a rule, lead the so-called nomadic way of life, and a herd may consist of eight or more animals that belong to the same family or are united thanks to friendly ties. The duration and direction of each route for the herd is chosen by the most active and wise female.
It is interesting! As shown by numerous observations of scientists, the elephants inhabiting wooded areas are quite different in their behavior from the majority of their brethren who live in lowland areas.
In zoos and nurseries, the elephant is supplied with food, and it completely eliminates the need to maintain natural locomotor activity. Among other things, no nursery or zoo can afford to allocate sufficient space for the elephant’s maintenance, its walks and bathing, therefore, in captivity, the animal dies much earlier than its relatives living in the wild.
A particularly sharp reduction in the distribution area and the number of wild elephants has been observed in recent decades, which is associated with a significant expansion of the territories allocated for agricultural land and eucalyptus plantations. Raw materials collected from such plantations are highly valued in the paper and pulp industries of Southeast Asia.
Despite the fact that there are legislation on the protection of elephants, this animal is increasingly destroyed as a malicious pest of agriculture.. Among other things, developed trade elephant tusks. For example, females of the Asiatic elephant are practically not destroyed by poachers, which is due to the absence of tusks, and hunting for males is very common and associated with highly paid prey of ivory. As a result, an insufficient number of males became the main cause of a strong bias in the sexual proportion, which negatively affected not only demography, but also the genetics of elephants.