Fish and other aquatic creatures

Goby - relic fish


The Black and Azov Sea gave us more than twenty species of gobies. On stone and sand banks near the resort of Anapa, we find 4 types of underwater inhabitants. All varieties of a goby are very similar in body structure and differ either in color gamut or in length or number of fin rays.

The most common form of Anapa is round goby. Because of its stocky little body and wide-spread gill covers, this name was obtained. The body is completely covered with scales, up to the nape. Head with two close-set eyes; medium-sized mouth does not reach eye level. A characteristic sign of round timber is a noticeable black spot with a yellow range on the back of the first dorsal fin. Like all types of gobies, the round log has abdominal fins accrete, and form something like a sucker, which helps to stay on slippery stones. The body color of the round timber is gray or brown with dark spots on the sides, in the mating period it becomes dark sometimes black. The growth of this type is not more than 25 centimeters and weighing up to 250 grams.

It is found in Anapa and the largest type of gobies - whip or martovik. A record holder by weight can reach up to 500 grams of net weight with a length of 35 centimeters. This burly has its own kind and the largest head, which inflates with wide gills, which are constantly open at the bottom. The mouth is big and wide. Brown coloring with dark spots, during the spawning period closer to the black color.

Throughout the sandy beaches of Anapa can be found bull sandbox. This species of fish is lighter due to the external environment. In the wedding time turns blue. The head is not as big as in other species, the body is short. The sandpiper grows up to 20 centimeters with a weight of 150 grams.

Goby golovach with his big flattened head, for which he received his nickname, lives in the Black Sea. The mouth is wide with the upper lip set apart; the lower jaw is longer than the upper. The coloring is brown or reddish with clearly visible black spots, at the end of the tail a dark triangle is clearly visible.

Spawning in calves begins in April and lasts all summer. At this time, the males wear their dark coat and work the whole vacation. Females gobies, windy ladies and are engaged only in laying caviar, and then swim away from family worries. From the very beginning of spawning to take care of the nest, the bull father For the place of ripening of caviar, a depression in the sand or in stones, an old tin can or a pipe will be suitable; all this must first be cleaned of rubbish and sharp objects. Mummy came laying eggs and disappears, after which the bull is taken to take care of future offspring. His responsibilities include guarding the nest from predators and cousins, constant access of oxygen and water inflow, which is carried out by continuous waving of fins. Care must be taken to ensure that garbage does not fall on the garbage, which should be immediately removed, so as not to rub the shell of the larvae. During this period, the bull almost does not feed and loses much weight, but holds on well.

After a week or even a month of painstaking care, fry appear. After childbirth, the bull calves all maternal care, it begins to feed abundantly and is even ready to eat future offspring. Therefore, the fry should preferably stay away from adults and survive on their own.

The main ration of an adult bull are small fish, small crustaceans, and bottom worms. Goby does not like to strain and chasing prey, his favorite habits, is to wait, hiding in an ambush, or dig up a worm at the bottom. Even our heroes swim reluctantly. The bulls move along the bottom, passing water through the gills, helping themselves with pectoral fins. Movement obtained jerky and slowly.

Interesting Facts

It is noticed that the bull can stay on the air for a long time. It turns out that our fish has the ability to breathe skin. Therefore, many people observe that bulls bought on the market are showing extraordinary activity. Even after several hours spent in the air, once in the sea water, the bull comes to life and swims to the bottom.

The gobies have no swim bladder, but how do they live on the bottom? The secret was in the accrete pectoral fins, which eventually transformed into a kind of sucker. This tool serves as a good hold, bulls can be found even on steep stone ledges.

The female goby pays attention not only to the dark outfit of the future daddy, but also to his voice. It turns out that in the mating season, the males can make various sounds to attract the bride.

The popular canned gobies in a tomato, which the whole Soviet Union so adored, was made from our Black Sea goby or martovik bull. The size of the fish was optimal for a standard tin can, and the taste that our fathers and grandfathers remembered is still one of the vivid memories of past years.

Where to see in Anapa

Meet the bull can be on any beach in Anapa. To observe the life of a local celebrity, the initial set of a diver is enough - masks and flippers. The goby is a very remarkable animal, lets it close and lets you enjoy the moment of seeing its habits and even hunting.
To study the gastronomic qualities of a bull from Anapa, you must go to the resort markets. In the summer, the tourist will easily find his portion of dried, dried and even fried goby.

Sea goby

Sea bulls are ranked as coastal groundwater fish. They differ in large head with large eyes, have an elongated body. On the ridge 2 fin, below the fins have grown together and formed a sucker. On it they adhere to the stones.


Fish count more than twenty species. Marine scoops come from the Mediterranean to the Black Sea. The most famous in the Black Sea is the Zelenchak, which today is a commercial variety.

Fish have several varieties of which are as follows:

And what does a goby fish look like? The variety of appearance of the bullhead is due to their wide distribution. They come across in absolutely all the salty, warm waters of the most diverse. They are of small size, but the variation in the length of the body is large. As a rule, the mediocre length is 10-20 cm.

Peculiarities of behavior, diet

Gobie fish, not accustomed to migration, chooses to settle in one area. The only exception is the winter months, at this time the kids tend to sail further from the coast in search of the warmest waters. Small scoops do not tolerate changing weather conditions and in a bad weather they lose their dynamism, they can stop eating for a long period.

They feed mainly on living organisms, including:

  1. Shrimp
  2. Worms,
  3. Shellfish,
  4. Small fish
  5. Crustaceans.

The Azov bullhead, which feeds on fish, in case the family is large, is sometimes devoured by congeners without a twinge of conscience. In this case, only the strongest survive until spring - and larger specimens.

How to reproduce?

The bull-spawning fish spawns in the sea in spring until the end of summer in water of about 10 degrees. Males create nests in the stone where females are lured. They smear the stones with their own caviar. Males protect caviar until juveniles are released. Productivity up to 3000 eggs.

Fish lead a mode of existence sedentary. There is a black goby fish under stones, in grass, sinking in silt. They feel great weather changes, pressure and temperature fluctuations of water. With various changes, the podkamenchiki stop eating and in fact are not active.

How to catch a bull - a few secrets

Fishing on this fish is a simple procedure, however, without the required knowledge, you can remain without a long-awaited catch. Atmospheric conditions are of great importance - if the days are hot and the day is warm and clear, in this case the fish likes to hide in great depth. On cloudy days, on the contrary, it sticks closer to the surface.

Catching a bull in the Sea of ​​Azov has its own characteristics. The blooming of algae, which is especially violent here, can have an impact on the result of fishing - the plants consume a lot of air, which immediately affects the action of the fish, it becomes sluggish and indifferent, refusing to grab.

What tackle to choose for catching a bull? Experienced fishermen, when fishing from boats, use medium line thickness and not very large hooks. Tackles are supplemented with a small weight and some leashes. It will not be necessary, the thread is wound directly on the finger. Such a well-known device, perfect with your own hands, will please you with a multiple catch, only when catching, you should not forget to twitch with your fingers.

From the shore, the Black Sea version is caught by a float rod or a donk, it is allowed to use spinning. Fishing is a fascinating process, and if you take into account the flavoring properties of these crumbs, in this case, it is quite useful.

Successful fishing allows for a long time to make a stock of fish, from which there will be a great preservation, no doubt in the pan they look absolutely no worse than in tomato sauce. Including the lack of skill is not an obstacle in catching this species of fish, the process is so elementary, especially if you know the key habits and characteristics of the fish.

General information about goby fish.

Goby - One of the few fish awarded its own monument.
He erected a monument "Bull caller" in Ukraine in the city of Berdyansk and a meter-long sculpture "Bull-caller Tsar of the Sea of ​​Azov" in the center of the city of Yeisk.
Love goby residents of the Azov coast, and how not to love him, if thanks to this small fish, they fled from hunger in the difficult years of the Great Patriotic War.

Goby-coastal, bottom, fish of the family goby, order perciformes . Gobies, one of the largest families consisting of more than 200 genera and numbering about 2000 species.

In Russia and the CIS countries, about 30 species of them are known, most of them inhabit the warm seas of our country: the Black, Caspian, and Azov. Many refer to relict species that have lived since the time when the Black Sea was called Pontic and was connected to the Caspian Sea.

They easily tolerate changes in water salinity, and are able to live in fresh and salty environments. They are about 5 - 6 species, those that have moved from the sea to the mouths and lower reaches of the rivers flowing into them. Some even climbed high upstream, migrated to other waterways through tributaries and a system of small rivers, settling at a great distance from their native shores..

Thus, some species of calves migrated to the rivers of Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus, Kazakhstan and other countries adjacent to these seas.

The smallest gobies have a length of 2.5 cm, the largest are 40 cm. Most of the life span is 3–5 years, in some species up to 8 years. They spawn from the beginning of spring until the end of summer at T 10 ° - 18 ° C. plants. After spawning, the males guard the clutch adhering to the substrate, protecting it from being eaten by other fish.

The bulls owe their special name to their large head size and sedentary, sedentary lifestyle. The sluggishness of the fish is due to its lazy temper and the fact that it firmly sticks to the stones with abdominal fins accreted into the sucker and once again does not change its location, for fear of being beached ashore.

Many people confuse a bull with a similar to him Amur predatory fish of the Goleshkov family - the "Rotan", brought to St. Petersburg by aquarists in the early twentieth century. It is even called the “rotan bull” or “Amur bull”, although it has nothing in common with the goby family, but it also belongs to the perch-shaped order.

Today Rotan lives on most of the territory of Russia and European countries. It quickly spread in different directions from St. Petersburg, thanks to its endurance and excellent adaptive abilities, allowing it to survive in the most polluted reservoirs, and even return to life after freezing.

Its high fertility contributes to a sharp increase in the number, and in small reservoirs it is able to completely destroy other species of fish. Because of him and other fish, very similar to our hero, the impression was that the bull — a resident of the southern seas — is found everywhere and even in northern latitudes.

Large Black Sea and Azov gobies have been fishery objects, and for many years constitute the bulk of the total Russian fish in the Azov-Black Sea basin.

Types of gobies and their description.

River goby or goby - sandpiper - Ponto Caspian relict species, refers to the malakofagam - animal feeding on mollusks, most often found in rivers. Size from 7 cm to 20 cm.

Coloring is yellowish brown, with camouflage pattern in the form of dark spots. In the mating season, the males get black. The body is densely and densely covered with small scales, visible both on the occipital region of the head and on separate parts of the gill covers. The mouth of the upper, lower jaw dominates protruding slightly forward, the snout is pointed. There are bevel teeth in the mouth.

The Marmara Sea, the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea and the Sea of ​​Azov are considered to be a natural habitat; they are found in rivers flowing into them. He lives on the sandy bottom of the coastal zone, in minks or shelters of sunken objects (boxes, tires, boots, etc.). The diet includes: mollusks, crustaceans, sea and earthworms, scuds, juveniles and small individuals of their own species.

Goby - martovik he goby - whip or toad. Lives everywhere in the Black and Azov Sea and in the mouths of the rivers flowing into them. The largest view, its maximum size reaches 40 cm and weighs 600 grams. Fishermen’s catches often come up to 25 cm in size - 30 cm, with a weight of up to 350-400 g. The color is yellowish brown, similar to a sandpiper goby.

It is a predatory, commercial fish. Karaulit prey in ambush, while it may slightly change the skin color, masquerading as the environment. It feeds on young fish, small fish, fish caviar and their relatives, suitable in size. Lives up to 7 years.

More cold-loving species, spawns in March at T 10 ° С, which is why it got the name “martovik”. In the catches of anglers lovers, from all the bulls, whip It is considered the most desirable trophy, as it has a very tasty meat and large size.

On the coast, he is caught in various ways, while using all sorts of gadgets and gear. He takes the worm well, pieces of mussels, meat of relatives and other fish, shrimps and other baits. Sometimes it comes across spinning silicone bait, and very large specimens become the target of spearfishing.

Goby - messenger or gray grandma. It belongs to small species of the genus Babka living in fresh and brackish waters of the lower reaches and estuaries of the rivers of the Black Sea and Azov basins.

It has, like all gobies, two dorsal fins, in which there are, in the total number of 8 thorny rays and 14 soft, oblong round body tapering towards the tail. Color gray with a greenish tint, camouflage darkened transverse stripes and spots. The mouth is terminal with tiny teeth, the jaws are the same, the snout is rounded. The eyes are large, close to each other at the top of the head. The length of the body can be as high as 26 cm, on average in the fishermen’s catches of -15-18 cm. Spawning in shallow water at a temperature of 12 ° -14 ° C. Experts believe that the bull-goater is rapidly expanding its habitat.

It was first discovered at a great distance from the sea in 1997 in the Pripyat River, and has now reached the Austria Danube, and even managed to penetrate through the system of rivers and canals from the Dnieper into the r. Vistula. In early 2010, it was spotted in the Rhine River and in some rivers of the Baltic Sea basin. The messenger is found in separate river arteries of Georgia and Bulgaria. He is a long-time resident of the Taganrog Bay of the Sea of ​​Azov, and also lives in the Don, North Donets, Aksai. It feeds on small fish, mollusks, crustaceans, worms.

Bullhead - Zutsik or stupid marble - small fish does not exceed 7 cm -12 cm and weight of 30 g. In Russia, it inhabits the waters of the Caspian and Azov basins. Numerous in the lower reaches of the Volga, it is found as a migrant in its upper and central currents, as well as in reservoirs. In the same capacity, it was noticed in the Moscow River, in the middle Don and in many of its tributaries.

A distinctive feature of this species are the nasal openings rolled into small tubules and hanging above the upper lip in the form of antennae. The head is high, the forehead is narrow, the diameter of one eye is larger than the width of the forehead.

The mouth of the floor is lower, the jaws are almost the same, the blunt snout with dark spots on the sides. The scales on the body have a brown color with a gray tint, across the body are fuzzy, in places steep dark stripes, 5-6 pieces. During spawning, the coloring of the males becomes darker, and an orange edging appears at the edges of the pectoral and dorsal fins.

Leads a bottom life, prefers coastal areas with thickets. Питается бентосом - мелкими организмами обитающими на дне. Кроме этого, в желудке среди непереваренной пищи встречаются остатки мелкой рыбы, водные растения и детрит.

Бычок кругляк - длина тела от 15 см д о 27 см, весит до 270 г. Имеет внешнее сходство с предыдущими видами. Отличается небольшими размерами рта конечной формы и четким темным пятном на краю спинного плавника. The color varies from greyish-beige to dark brown and even black.

Habitat are considered Black Sea - Azov and Caspian basins. Can live in not salty water and enter the upper reaches of the rivers. He even managed to get to Moscow the river and the Baltic. Together with the water used as a ballast, he was accidentally migrated from Eurasia to North America, becoming an inhabitant of the Great Lakes.

Other types of gobies or do not go into fresh water at all: golovach, herbalist, Surman, lynx, etc., or are rare - endangered species listed in the Red Book: Paganel bull, bull Buccica and others.

Catching calves is a very exciting experience.

Catching gobies as simple as the perch and ruffs, it is not considered serious for many anglers, but in spite of this, it is a great pleasure for all, especially after a long period of large fish. So - as bulls live in the coastal zone, they are searched and caught not far from the coast, on a rocky bottom or on the ground covered with a shell rock.

Although the goby fish is small, but they bite quite strongly and confidently, which makes the anglers very happy. In addition, the meat of this big-headed fish is exceptionally tasty in any form. Especially good of her ear and her dried carcass.

Catch a bull from the shore and from the water with the help of boats, both float and bottom fishing tackle. There are no special requirements for gear. As bait, used worms, leeches, bloodworms, small pieces: bovine heart, mussels, snails, frozen or caught fish, insects and their larvae. The bait is lowered to the very bottom and from time to time the tackle is pulled or tightened so that the bait does not lie in one place and look mobile.

To catch a bull with a bottom fishing rod, you can use almost any rod with rings and a reel holder. It is better to take the coil inertia-free, the simplest medium size - "3000"with any gear ratio.

Tackle usual - bottom: a fixed load of 15–20 g (in marine conditions, it can be weighed down to -30–40 g) at the end of the main line, just above it - at a distance of 40–50 cm, a discharge lead with a length of 18–20 cm with a hook No. 6 PH with a long forearm, behind him at a distance of 30 cm the next, and you can leave one hook, so interesting. You should not put more than two hooks, this is not fishing anymore, but fishing. The leads can be knitted directly to the fishing line using a special knot or through triple swivels.

You can use a bell or an electronic signaling device or any other devices for signaling a bite, in any case, if the relic horror story bites, it won't go far from the hook. The mouth of a large-headed hermit is big and it bites very greedily, for fear of missing the bait, it does not stand on ceremony for a long time, so it is almost not observed to go off the hook, and the little hook swallows this "beast" so that it is impossible to remove it without surgery.

Very interesting and recklesscatch a bullhead on a micro jig ultra light spinning with appropriate accessories: 0.12 mm braid or 0.18 mm mono-wheel, miniature silicone lures - 2.5 cm -3 cm and light small ones - 2 g - 6 g jig heads.

Have questions? Feel free to ask in the comments, the form of which is located under the article. Best regards, good luck on fishing.

Fish goby Description

Fish got their name because of a large head that is disproportionate to the body. How does a goby fish look, can be seen in the above photo. The eyes are located on the top of the head close to each other. The body of an oblong shape reaches a length of forty centimeters. There are two spiny fins along the back. On the belly, the accreted fins are reborn into a suction cup, allowing attachment to the stones. Thanks to the suction cup, even strong waves are not dangerous to the bulls.


Most of the bull species live in the coastal zone, hiding among rocks and thickets, some burrow into the bottom soil. For feeding, they look for worms and mollusks in the ground; they do not shy away from small fish and crustaceans. In the cold season, the gobies make small migrations away from the coast, sinking into warmer waters. Under adverse weather conditions, freeze, stopping to eat.


When the water warms up to ten or twelve degrees in spring, the spawning season begins in the steers, which lasts all summer. Care of the eggs from the bulls takes the male. First, he prepares a hole under the stone. Then he “invites” females to their dwelling, which lay their eggs, attaching them to the stone inside the mink. The number of eggs in one female varies from two to three thousand. The more females visit the groom, the more eggs will be under his care. The male with its suction cup clings to the stone and begins to create a stream of water in the hole in the fins so that the eggs are washed by running water and do not die. So he protects his offspring until the fry hatch from the eggs.

Living conditions

As already mentioned, there are about two thousand species of gobies all over the world. These include jumper fish living in mango thickets, and a neon goby (cleaner), which relieves large fish from parasites. Some species differ from each other only in coloring, shades and scales.

We are talking about one of the many species of fish that inhabit the waters of the Black and Azov Seas. These gobies are a fish that lives in these seas since time immemorial, when the Black and Caspian seas were one. Note that in the Black Sea there are about ten species, and in the Sea of ​​Azov - about twenty.

Bullheads are divided into two main groups:

By brackish gobies are species that live in the Black Sea since time immemorial. They are perfectly adapted to life in the salty waters of estuaries with varying salinity. Marine species originally inhabited the Mediterranean. Fish goby sea greenfish moved from the Mediterranean waters in the Black Sea. It gradually adapted to the salinity of the water, and its number reached the commercial size.

The division into marine and river gobies is also conditional. For example, round gobies and sandpiper spread along the Dnieper, although they used to live only in the Black Sea. The river buzzard bull, whose habitat is Don, was found in small amounts in the Sea of ​​Marmara. And it should be noted that the salinity of water in it is two times higher than in the Black Sea. It was not to the liking of this species, and it began to inhabit the rivers that flow into the Sea of ​​Marmara.

Types of gobies

Let us tell you what bullheads look like (fish of the most common species).

  • Pesochnik got its name because of its habitat. He prefers the bottom with sand and shell rock and the color of his body has to match the sandy bottom - yellowish tones in combination with gray. Goby grows up to a maximum of twenty centimeters. In addition to the Black and Azov Seas, where it occurs in large numbers, it lives in estuaries and rivers flowing into the sea.

  • Kruglyak (kutsak) settles among the rocks and stones. It reaches the length of twenty-five centimeters, has a stocky body and an oblate tail. Colors can range from light gray to brown with darker spots. A characteristic feature of this species is a black spot in the region of the first fin on the back. Kruglyak is able to adapt to different degrees of salinity, therefore it lives in both sea water and river water. Among the fished gobies, this species constitutes the main quantity.
  • The whip (martovik) also lives on a rocky bottom. Compared with roundwood has larger sizes: up to thirty-five centimeters in length and weight to half a kilogram. The large head is distinguished by a large mouth. Body color brownish with black spots. It differs from other species by wide gills, spread out in different directions. Martovik feeds on small fish, including smaller relatives. Habitat are Black Sea, Azov and Caspian waters.

  • Zelenchak, who came from the Mediterranean, chose to live in the Black Sea estuaries. Also found in the western part of the sea, the Dnieper reservoirs, selects the bottom overgrown with grass. A bull-calf grows to a small size - no more than ten centimeters.
  • The bull zukik prefers to settle in the thickets of sea grass, settling in places with less salty water. Having the smallest size among the bulls of the Black Sea-Azov range (5-7 cm), it feeds on invertebrate inhabitants. A feature of this species are two processes on the front of the head, resembling a mustache. The body of sand color with a marble pattern differs little from the colors of other gobies.

Gobies and ecology

Despite the remarkable ability to adapt to changes in the environment, the number of bulls in the Black and Azov Seas has decreased dramatically in recent years. This is the fault of the deteriorating ecology and overfishing of fish. Gobies are unpretentious fish, so it remains only to hope that they will not disappear from our seas and rivers.

Features of fishing on the bull

Tackle on the bull differs a great variety. This is due to the various options and conditions for catching this fish. Goby is a predator. He eats fry. The main habitat of this fish are near-bottom areas of water bodies near the shore.

The bullhead is found in both salted and fresh water. Among experienced fishermen the presented type of fishing on the Azov and Black Sea is popular. In many rivers, you can also find different types of gobies.

Predator best bite in summer and spring. In the autumn period, the bull also shows activity. However, the choice of nozzles at this time of year is approached especially carefully. In winter, the bull goes to the depth. Therefore, it becomes quite difficult to catch him. In the Azov Sea, the bullhead season begins almost from the end of February. If the water is not frozen, you can go fishing. Success will depend on choosing the right gear.

Goby behavior

When choosing a tackle for a bullhead, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the behavior of this fish. Predator prefers coastal areas with an abundance of aquatic vegetation. He also likes to hide under the snags, stones, or in burrows in the sand, which the goby does on its own.

If the weather is windy or the current is strong enough, the predator goes deep. At this time fishing from the boat will be successful. But on windless sunny or cloudy days, the goby comes close to the coastline. Here he hunts flocks of fry. In this weather, it is recommended to catch a bullhead from the shore.

In complete calm biting may be absent altogether. The same situation is observed during the algal bloom. Plants block the access of oxygen. At this time, the bullhead here will be almost impossible to catch.

Big bite bull is determined in the morning with the onset of dawn. During the day, its activity decreases markedly. A few hours after lunch, you can again throw the gear into the pond. Nibble can not stop even at night.

Fishing conditions

The choice of gear depends on the conditions of fishing, time of year. It is also important to choose the right gear manufacturer. There are tackles for catching a bull from the shore or from a boat. The first option is a small lightweight fishing rods. The rigging must be done using a special technology. Otherwise, the bull can be frightened off.

In the summer, rods are used with a 0.3 mm fishing line. Hooks to the bull should be from 6 to 10 number. Lead pellet mounted on a fishing line should not be installed above them. This will cause the lack of biting. The pellet should be located right next to the hook.

In winter, the fishing rod should be short. The line may be smaller in diameter than it was used in summer. When choosing a snap it is necessary to take into account the style of fishing, as well as features of the rod. This will allow to choose all the components correctly.

Among experienced fishermen, fishing on the Azov bull is especially famous. Even the simplest types of tackle are suitable for sea fishing. Often, fishermen choose the most common float fishing rod.

The form should be easy in this case. To make the process of catching comfortable, it is recommended to select a rod with a length of 2.5 m or more. In this case, a blank with a slow build is optimal. This will make it easy to catch the voracious predator out of the water.

The size of the fishing line is not important. Most often for these purposes choose monofilnoy thread with a diameter of 0.8 mm. However, the hooks should pick up large. Otherwise, the fish swallows them completely. The float should be in the form of a pear. This ensures its good stability even with sea swell.

Experienced fishermen advise to attach two hooks to the rig at once. On the Azov Sea, it often turns out to get two fish from the water at once.

The best tackle for bulls on the Azov Sea and other bodies of water belongs to the bottom species. It can also be a quake. It requires about 15 m of fishing line. The thickness of the thread should be 0.7 mm. The hook must be attached to its end. Its size should be No. 10, 8.

After 20 cm it is necessary to secure the load. For these purposes, a lead plate is ideal. Its dimensions can be 3x3 cm. The plate is twisted into a tube. After another 20 cm, another leash and a second hook should be attached. The weight of the load depends on the thickness of the fishing line.

According to the law, a fisherman can catch using two donocs at the same time. They can have up to 3 hooks. Prozapas experienced fishermen take another 15-20 hooks with the number 6-7.

The rod should be strong enough to provide a good casting distance.

Catching a bull from the shore can be done using spinning. In this case, it will be possible to make long casts. Tackle on a bull from the shore should be about 2.5 m long. If fishing is done from a boat, it is recommended to use a form up to 2 m long. The choice also depends on the growth of the fisherman and his preferences.

Spinning will catch a fairly large area from the shore. Targeted casts will allow to deliver the bait directly to the bullhead. With the help of spinning, you can carry out bottom fishing or wiring on a motor boat.

The test rod should be 5-10 g. The thickness of the line can be from 0.3 to 0.5 mm. Leads must be made of thin monofilament or braids. Their thickness may be about 0.2 mm. To perform the wiring, you can use vibro tails.

A tackle for catching the Azov bull will be useless without the right choice of bait. Especially in the autumn, the predator does not recognize the bait. It will be necessary to prepare various baits. Their most popular varieties are the earthworm or dung worm. Nibble in this case will be strong.

Sea fishing can be carried out with the bait in the form of shrimp, mussels or other mollusks that inhabit the local waters. Also suitable pieces of fish, meat. They are cut into cubes. The size of all sides should be 1 cm. Then the bait is put on the hook. The sting should be a little out of the meat.

If you are fishing from a motorboat, you can use edible twisters. Vibro tails of neutral colors are also suitable. However, seasoned fishermen claim that the goby is especially good at pecking only on edible bait in the form of meat or fish.

You can also use other gear to catch a bull in the Sea of ​​Azov. Some fishermen prefer species such as fly fishing or skatulka. In the first case, a one-handed rod is used. Its length can be about 2.5-3 m.

The coil in this case must be special. She will provide balance tackle. If fishing is carried out in seawater, a special fishing line should be purchased. Such cords have a dense structure. For fishing using fly fishing, you will need to purchase about 10 m of such fishing line. To build the leads, you must purchase a nylon thread. Its thickness should be about 0.3 mm.

If the fisherman prefers to catch the bull on the skate, he will need to be highly active in this process. To collect such a tackle you will need to prepare a winter fishing pole, hooks number 5, and also monofilament with a diameter of 0.3 mm. You should also purchase a spinner of an oscillating type.

Tips from experienced fishermen

Tackles for catching a bull must be selected according to the season and place of fishing. Experienced fishermen are ready to share their experience in this matter. It is believed that catching a bull from a boat is most convenient with a catch. If fishing is carried out from the coast, it is better to give preference to spinning. This gear is also chosen in the presence of a silt bottom in a reservoir. For a river with a shallow depth or subject to fishing on the seashore, you can choose a float fishing rod.

In winter, it is best to catch a bullhead on a spinning or skatulka. The fish at this time sinks deep. With the help of the presented gear you can provide a high bite. The weight of such gear should be quite heavy. It is preferable that their shape is round. The line should be of medium thickness.

In the spring it is best to catch a bull for a float fishing rod. With the advent of heat, the fish rises from the depths, dwelling in coastal areas with shallow depths. In the summer and in the autumn the bottom tackle or a zakondushka perfectly will approach.

Having considered what features different tackle on the bull, you can correctly choose the bait for catching this predatory fish in various reservoirs. At the same time it is necessary to take into account the conditions of the terrain, as well as the season. In this case, the catch will be abundant, and the time spent on the pond will leave a lot of good impressions about you.