In the article I will talk about the relevance of castration of pets. I will explain how the procedure of castration is conducted and at what age the dog needs it, the pros and cons of the procedure, why and why sterilization is needed, how much it costs. I'll tell you how to care for animals in the postoperative period.
Do I need to neutered dog, veterinary advice
Dogs that do not participate in breeding breeding need to be castrated for a number of reasons.
Accidental relations of the dog due to an oversight of the owner bear the sad consequences in the form of useless puppies who are doomed to spend their lives on the street.
The pet is dissatisfied with sexual desire, which may entail aggression and harassment towards people, furniture and household items.
Diseases of the prostate and external genital organs are the cause of chronic dissatisfaction with the dog.
Dog castration is recommended to prevent unwanted offspring.
Suitable age for castration
Carefully observing the behavior of a growing dog, the risks of missing the moment of castration are small. The period most favorable for the operation - the beginning of puberty. The animal's body has already been built, and problems with desire have not yet appeared.
In this short period, the dog is not yet aware that he is ready for viscous and does not mark corners, does not jump on the owner, does not show aggression. After casting a pet as early as possible, there is a chance to avoid such problems in adulthood.
Puberty in dogs depends on the breed, however, the average figure of the beginning of maturation is 8-12 months.
Unwanted age for surgery:
- Early castration of a non-mature puppy will incur consequences in the form of an abnormal development of the reproductive system or an incorrectly calculated dose of anesthesia. Both in the first and in the second case there is a direct threat to the life of the dog.
- Late castration, when the pet's age has passed for 7 years, can be carried out only if the vet considers the health of the dog to be sufficiently strong. Such dogs need castration for the same reasons as young animals, so it is highly undesirable to avoid it.
But animals older than 7-8 years old are usually operated for medical reasons, since the old pet does not tolerate the effects of anesthesia and is restored longer after surgery.
List of required procedures:
- Treat the dog for parasites (fleas, ticks, worms) is important even as a preventive measure. The dog must be fully vaccinated no earlier than a month before the castration.
- Visit the doctor for an examination. After examining the dog and taking the necessary tests, the vet will tell you about the risks of the operation or their absence. Blood tests, urine tests, examinations and examinations, cardiologist's advice will help you decide which type of castration to use, and at what time it will be safest for a pet.
How to castrate
The operation to remove the testes from a dog can be of several types:
- Surgical intervention means dissecting the scrotum and extracting the contents.
- Scrototomy - removal of the entire scrotum.
- Vasectomy - cutting channels that are responsible for removing the seed.
- Chemical castration - a temporary action through the introduction of the drug.
The most reliable and simple method - surgical. No risk of developing oncology. Three days before the operation, the dog should consume light food. As a preparation, a pet needs to starve before the procedure for 8 hours and not drink water for 6 hours. After the introduction of the dog anesthesia, the operation takes 10-20 minutes.
Scrototomy is used for older dogs, but the risk of edema and injury is high. Scrototomy is recommended when the dog develops diseases involving the scrotum. Price: 3000 rubles.
Vasectomy deprives the dog of the opportunity to have offspring, but does not relieve the desire to breed. The procedure is the only way out if it is impossible to perform a surgical intervention. On average, the price of the procedure: 2000 rubles.
Castration takes place under general anesthesia and requires some preparation and rehabilitation.
Chemical provides infertility dog for a period of six months to 7 months. A drug with a high level of ingredients that inhibit testosterone production is injected under the skin. This type of castration is used to improve or preserve the guard qualities of dogs, which, due to age or illness, cannot be surgically castrated. The price of one implant: 12-30 rubles.
Pros and cons of castration stala
- Calm dog behavior, improving character traits.
- Reducing the risk of developing oncology.
- Reducing the risk of diseases of the genitourinary system.
- Possible disappearance of the habit of tagging.
- The risk of obesity.
- Lack of hormones and the possible development of related diseases.
- The risk of developing heart disease.
- The risk of developing bone cancer.
Vasectomy, for example, is similar to a contraceptive that will leave hormones at the same level. This procedure is undesirable for domestic dogs, the risk of malignant tumors and the development of pathologies of the urogenital system is high. A chemical threatens with side effects in the form of edema at the site of the implant, allergies, complications in the reproductive system.
Hematoma after the castration procedure
Postoperative care for a dog
In the postoperative period, urinary incontinence is not uncommon. Under the pet it is necessary to lay an oilcloth and keep its place clean. Sutures must be treated with healing ointments, and a veterinarian may prescribe a short course of antibiotics to restore the body. Until the dog moves away from the anesthesia, it is impossible to give him a sharp move, get up, jump.
A castrated dog will relieve his master of many problems, and he will live peacefully. It is necessary to approach the procedure extremely responsibly and to consult with the doctor at each of the stages (preparation, operation, postoperative period).
Sterilization and castration - are there any differences?
Of course, there are differences between castration and sterilization. But, this does not mean that sterilization is intended only for individuals of the female sex, and only dogs are castrated.
The essence of sterilization - overlap of seminal streams or fallopian tubes. No genitals are removed, sterilization cannot affect sexual desire, mating is possible, as before the operation, but the dog will not have any offspring.
The essence of castration - removal of organs that are responsible for reproduction. In the male, the testes are removed, and in the bitches, either the ovaries alone, or the ovaries with the uterus. Of course, about any mating and sexual desire after the operation and the speech can not be.
Castration and sterilization of males
Both operations can be performed only under general anesthesia. After the fur in the operative field is removed, two small incisions are made, after which the spermatic cord is ligated, or the testes are removed. Typically, the operational process is about seven minutes. The wounds are treated with a special postoperative powder to prevent complications. Stitches do not need to be removed.
A few cons of castration:
- the risk of prostate cancer and urinary tract cancer increases significantly
- the risk of obesity increases significantly,
- castration up to 1 year increases the risk of acquiring bone cancer (osteosarcoma),
- significantly increases the risk of hemangiosarcoma of the heart (a tumor inside the vessels),
- increases the risk of hypothyroidism (due to lack of thyroid hormones),
- other less significant risks.
Significant advantages of castration:
- improving the character of the pet, calm,
- the risk of testicular cancer and death from it disappears,
- reducing the risk of urinary tract and prostate diseases,
- decreases the risk of perianal fistulas,
- the disappearance of the need to tag,
- reducing the risk of diabetes.
Possible negative effects after sterilization:
- aggressive behavior,
- risk of the urinary system,
- frequent mood swings and stress
- loss of appetite.
Advantages of sterilization:
- preservation of all sexual functions except procreation.
Castration and knot sterilization
Such operations last about thirty minutes. They are held strictly under general anesthesia. During castration, the ovaries are removed from the uterus, and when sterilized, the fallopian tubes are ligated. After suturing, a bandage is secured, which protects the seam from damage. Concerning pros, cons and age recommendations for sterilization in this case, they are the same as in the cases with dogs.
Cons castration (ovarigysterectomy) bitches:
- in dogs up to 1 year, the risk of bone cancer increases significantly,
- the risk of spleen and heart hemangiosarcoma (a tumor inside the vessels),
- the risk of hypothyroidism increases significantly,
- the risk of obesity increases significantly,
- a significant percentage of bitches develop urinary incontinence,
- significant risk of infectious diseases and urinary tract tumors,
- other less significant risks.
Advantages of ovarihysterectomy in bitches:
- sterilization up to three years, significantly reduces the risk of breast cancer,
- the risk of pyometra disease, which affects a quarter of non-sterilized bitches, almost completely disappears,
- decreases the risk of acquiring perianal fistulas,
- eliminates the risk of developing cancer of the uterus, cervix and ovaries.
Preparing a dog for surgery
Main condition - the animal should not eat any food no less than six hours before the process begins. It is extremely not recommended to use liquid for four hours. If you ignore these rules, the pet's well-being may change for the worse.
The animal must be completely healthy. Also, it is desirable to get rid of worms and vaccinate before surgery.
The operations in question considered simple enough. Therefore, complications, most often, occur only when the operation was performed in bad faith or incorrectly. An undesirable reaction to anesthesia, hemorrhage, infection and inflammation may occur.
Consultation before surgery - This is an extremely important step that should not be ignored. If you ignore this stage, the operation can extremely adversely affect the body, since it was undesirable to carry it out.
Castration of dogs for and against
With a high level of testosterone and the absence of sex, the male becomes aggressive. On the street, rushes to strangers and stray dogs who do not have any difficulty in mating with females. Dogs mark their territory, not disdaining even their own housing, the walls of which eats a sharp smell of urine. Jumping up on its feet, causes him a lot of discomfort, and from the children there are unnecessary questions about the action of the dog.
The male becomes uncontrollable when the current bitch appears. For the sake of getting it, he is ready to rush into battle, with yard dogs, ignoring any commands of his master.
Given these factors, there is a need to remove the testicles as recommended by the doctor. Veterinarians, most often faced with the formation of cancerous tumors in the genital organs of the male and with inflammatory processes in the testes.
Castration dogs pros
Among the positive aspects of castration of a pet include the following:
- Male becomes less aggressive, ceases to throw on the feet of the household and mark all objects in a row,
- Castrated male, however, like the sterilized female is more suitable for living in an apartment surrounded by children,
- The mating instinct with the opposite sex fades away with time,
- There is no need to get involved in the fight for a bitch, without attracting more belligerent dogs,
- Pet no longer runs away from home for days on end, waiting for the current bitch,
- Cancers of males in old age, as well as sexually transmitted diseases are excluded.
Castration of dogs postoperative period due to good appetite, an interest in provocative games, a better sleep. Male ceases to whine and worry about the lack of sex life. If there were prerequisites to win leadership in the house, with time this feeling goes out, preferring to peacefully fulfill the commands of its own owner. Castration can reassure the nature of the free dog, but for more noticeable changes, it is necessary to engage the pet, teaching him new teams .
Castration of dogs cons
Like any operation, castration has a number of side effects:
- In connection with the brutal appetite, castrated males are more susceptible to gaining extra pounds. As you know, obesity leads to diseases of the cardiovascular system,
- There are abnormalities caused by a marked decrease in thyroid function,
- Having studied the statistics of diseases, neutered males are more susceptible to bone cancer,
- Deterioration of the coat. Due to the lack of testosterone, the dog's coat becomes soft, more like a puppy's coat,
- In the aged, a sharp change in behavior is observed in neutered males compared to natural dogs.
Castration of dogs as occurs
Removal of the sex glands, after which the development of the hormone responsible for sexual desire stops in the dog's body. The intervention is performed surgically. The operation lasts 20 - 40 minutes. Castration is considered one of the easiest and safest operations, after which the negative consequences are extremely rare.
Surgical manipulation is performed only under general anesthesia. It is important to accurately calculate the dose of anesthesia to exclude the possibility of an early awakening or too long sleep of the animal, which later may be affected by heart problems. Before the operation, the male is placed on a sterile table, the wool is removed from the area to be operated on, anesthesia is administered and the incision site is disinfected. A veterinarian makes an incision in the scrotum, pulls the spermatic cord and removes the testicles. The open surface of the wound is sprinkled with tricillin, a special disinfectant.
The question of the need to remove the reproductive organs of a dog is up to you. Castration dogs pro and con, The doctors' forum recommends a surgical intervention in order to eliminate cancer and return the pet to a normal life as soon as possible, not obsessed with pairing with the bitch.
Sterilization and castration - what's the difference
Most people who are ignorant of these matters believe that castration is used exclusively for males, and sterilization - for females. However, this is not quite true.
When sterilizing females, fallopian tubes are tied, males are tied up the seminal ducts. The medical name for the operation is vasectomy. In this case, the animal retains all the genitals, they continue their activity in the production of hormones. Pets have sexual desire, and they can mate, but they will not have offspring.
Castration is a more radical procedure, during which the animal loses its reproductive organs. In females, the uterus and ovaries are removed, or the ovaries alone. Male dogs amputate both testicles.
That is, in the first case there is a violation of sexual functions, in the second - their complete deprivation.
Why castrate dogs
If we consider female pets, then everything is obvious. The dog will not attract flocks of excited males, will not indulge in “grave”, endangering himself.
There will be no leakage, which means that uncontrolled conception and the receipt of unnecessary offspring will not occur. The owner will not need to attach or get rid of puppies (besides not always humane ways). Yes, and it is likely that the puppy-metis from good hands will fall on the street, joining the ranks of stray dogs.
As for males, for them a high level of hormones in the absence of mating becomes the root cause of aggressive behavior. They mark the whole territory, not excluding household things, and cause inconvenience, jumping on people, including children.
They become uncontrollable during walks, attack other males and selflessly, to fanaticism, chasing the current bitches, literally, spend the night under their doors. And if females, sooner or later, estrus ends, in males this state is year-round.
In addition to these factors, there is a need for castration for medical reasons. The cause can be an inflammatory process in the genitals (in males, the testes are most often affected) or the formation of cancerous tumors.
Positive aspects of castration
Among the advantages of castration of dogs are the following:
- a dog of any sex becomes more suitable for keeping in an apartment,
- males calm down, cease to show aggression towards others and in 50% of cases mark everything around,
- кобель не только отказывается от завязывания драк, но и становится неинтересен для других воинственно настроенных самцов,
- половое влечение со временем снижается, и интерес к противоположному полу исчезает,
- у собак пропадает склонность к побегам и скитаниям,
- кастрация предупреждает раковые заболевания половых органов в преклонном возрасте,
- in females, uterus pyometra most often occurs, therefore, they recommend castration of the ovaries together with the uterus,
- the operation will protect the animal from genital infections.
The animal stops worrying, it increases its appetite and improves sleep, there is a great desire to play and play pranks. If he had attempts to win leadership in the house, then they gradually disappear.
Of course, castration can not completely affect the character of the pet, but only partially corrects it. For more obvious changes, you need training, enough exercise and training. In some cases, the animal becomes balanced only with age.
There is a myth that castration reduces the guarding qualities of dogs, but in reality there is no connection. If the dog was an excellent watchman, then after the operation it will remain with them.
Disadvantages of castration of dogs
Like any other surgery, castration has possible side effects and complications. Among the main disadvantages of castration of dogs can be noted a violation of hormonal balance, which can not but affect the health of the animal.
An operation can cause the following conditions:
- The development of hypothyroidism is a disease caused by a decrease in the functionality of the thyroid gland and a decrease in the level of hormones it produces.
- Bone cancer - statistically, castrated males most often suffer from malignant lesions in bone tissue.
- Obesity - an increase in appetite after castration is often the cause of weight gain, and an obese animal is more susceptible to cardiovascular diseases.
- Behavioral abnormalities - they can be observed in aged, castrated males.
- Changing coat - lack of a male hormone affects the state of wool, it becomes softer, similar in structure to a puppy.
Owners of a dog should also know that animals are harder than people who suffer anesthesia. The veterinarians themselves assess its danger higher than from surgical intervention. In this case, it all depends on the correct calculation of the dosage. With a small dose, the dog may wake up before the end of the procedure. When dosage is exceeded, there is a high risk of cardiac arrest.
Today, a number of veterinarians oppose castration, as it can still adversely affect the health of the dog.
How is the operation?
General anesthesia is used for castration. Preparatory activities include the following:
- the location of the animal on a sterile surface,
- removal of wool from the place of future operation,
- disinfection of the cut area.
In males, the veterinarian makes incisions on the scrotum, pulls the spermatic cord and amputates the testes.
The resulting small wounds are covered with a special powder - Tricillin, which helps to avoid complications. Duration of the procedure is about five minutes; removal of sutures after the operation is not required.
In female dogs, the operation is more complicated as it penetrates the internal cavity of the body. The doctor cuts the groin and removes the organs (ovaries alone, or with the uterus). The procedure takes about half an hour. After stitching, bandages are put on the animal, sometimes a special blanket is used so that the dog does not scratch or lick the damaged area.
Suitable age for castration
As for males, there are age restrictions. They are castrated not earlier than six months, otherwise the dog may stop growing and physical development.
Female dogs are subjected to surgery before the start of the first heat, this period varies in the range of 6-9 months. If everything is done on time and correctly, then the bitch will be protected from the appearance of tumors in the mammary glands.
Price castration of dogs
In any clinic, the cost of castration of dogs varies, based primarily on the size of the animal and gender. In addition, prices vary in private and state veterinary clinics.
As a rule, in any case, castration of bitches will cost more. The cost of the procedure also includes the price of drugs, anesthetics and materials used:
- up to 5 kg - 2000-2500 rubles.
- from 5 to 15 kg - 2500-3000 rubles.
- from 15 to 25 kg - 3000-3500 rubles.
- from 25 to 35 kg - 3500-4000 rubles.
- from 35 to 45 kg - 4000-5000 rubles.
- from 46 kg and more - 5000-7000 rub.
It is possible to call a specialist at home, in this case, the cost of the operation increases within 1000 rubles. Also more expensive castration will cost at night and in the presence of related complications.
Postoperative care for animals
While under the influence of anesthesia, all life processes in the dog's body slow down, including heat transfer. Therefore, you need to cover the animal with a light veil or flannel diaper.
A dog after castration, even before it comes to itself or during a weakness after waking up, can urinate more than once. It is necessary to take care in advance of absorbing disposable diapers for transportation and home. At home, you can use oilcloth.
Once at home, the dog is placed in a suitable warm place, but it is not recommended to put it near the battery, by the windows, in a draft.
Until the animal has come to its senses, it is necessary to constantly monitor its state:
- pulse - it may be weaker, but even,
- breathing - it should also be smooth, without delay,
- mucous membranes - pallor and cyanosis indicate that not everything is in order with the pet.
Every half hour pet must be turned from one side to another. Replacing wet litter should be done immediately, otherwise the risk of pet freezing increases.
Food is allowed to be given only after the beloved pet is completely in itself. Food should be light.
If the veterinarian has prescribed postoperative drugs, then the animal’s response to them should be monitored. In case of negative reactions - vomiting, diarrhea, skin allergies, you should contact your veterinarian.
It is imperative to monitor the condition of the wound and change the dressing material in a timely manner.
Caring for a dog after castration and sterilization
If you have male pet, be aware that urinary incontinence may occur in a dog after castration and sterilization. Therefore, you will need oilcloth, under which the blanket spreads, on which the pet will move away from anesthesia. Keep an eye on him, make sure that he does not perform any maneuvers associated with the ascent, if he has not yet fully recovered from the effects of anesthesia. May need suture treatment and antibiotics.
If you have female dogTen days after surgery, the sutures need to be removed. All these days, do not forget to handle them and take preventive measures against damage to the seams, which can cause dog. For example, you can use a special collar. Also, it may be prescribed to prick an antibiotic.
In both cases, food intake in animals is carried out only after the pet is completely away from anesthesia.
Is surgery necessary?
The main reason for which the owners refuse the procedure - its alleged cruelty and unnaturalness. People are sure that after it the pet's life will not be able to be full - it will not be able to mate and will suffer. Castration is considered a physical and psychological trauma for an animal.
However, it is important to remember that dogs are gregarious animals. Reproduction in the pack is not intended for everyone, but only for the strongest and most developed males. Zoopsychologists claim that selectively conducting this operation does not pose a threat to the psyche and physical health of the dog. Lack of matings will not affect his condition.
Important: castration has no effect on the dog, except for reducing sexual activity and related behavioral aspects.
An un-neutered male is under stress if his sex drive is not satisfied. The dog may develop prostatitis or diseases of the external genital organs. But the satisfaction of sexual instinct can be dangerous. Due to mating with homeless bitches, venereal sarcoma occurs.
Veterinarians strongly recommend the procedure for high levels of sex hormones, when the dog:
- permanently in an excited state
- constantly marks the territory (typical of small decorative and hunting breeds),
- running away from home
- makes the cages,
- aggressive towards other males or your family members (children).
In this case, after performing the operation, the character and behavior of the dog improve, become calmer. However, if aggressive behavior is not associated with a high hormonal level, but with ordinary bad manners, castration will not help.
Castration is recommended for males with elevated levels of sex hormones.
Also males are castrated for medical reasons. - with injuries or neoplasms of the genitals (testes, scrotum).
At what age is it best to castrate a dog?
The most appropriate moment - at the beginning of puberty. At this time, the body was already formed, but sexual desire has not yet prevailed. The dog still does not leave a tag, and it is better to have an operation before he has this habit. Otherwise, it will be difficult to get rid of it later.
But adult castration is a normal procedure. Sometimes the owners deliberately postpone the operation, expecting that the dog's behavior will change after the end of puberty.
Important: Most veterinarians argue that the main condition - is the state of health, and not the age of a dog. It is safer to castrate a healthy older dog than a young and sick one. However, remember that an elderly animal has already experienced age-related changes, and it is necessary to consult a doctor.
It is much more dangerous to castrate an animal at a too young age. Early castration has advantages - the body will recover faster, the puppy does not remember stress for as long as an adult. However, the risks are greater:
- it’s harder to calculate anesthesia correctly,
- subsequently, defects in the reproductive system and the development of urolithiasis,
- The reactions of a growing and changing organism are unpredictable.
The operation time depends on the breed:
- small breeds - 7 months,
- gigantic - from year to year and a half.
Pros castration dogs
The advantages of the manipulation are smoother behavioral responses.
- less sick
- do not cages and do not mark everything around,
- rarely run away, fall under the car,
- less likely to engage in fights with other males.
In addition to having a positive effect on restless behavior, castration is an excellent preventive measure against a number of diseases, which arise due to high hormonal levels:
- cancer and cardiovascular diseases,
- problems with the thyroid gland, kidneys and adrenal glands,
- dysfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract,
- less risk of diabetes.
If the procedure is indicated due to diseases of the genital organs (scrotum, seminiferous tubules), then the dog will recover.
Important: The indications for the operation do not depend on the breed, it is necessary to be guided by the individual behavior of the male dog.
Cons castration of dogs
After the operation increases the risk of some diseases - osteosarcoma (bone cancer) and hemangiosarcoma (heart disease), hypothyroidism (dysfunction of the thyroid gland). According to studies, the risk of developing prostate cancer also increases fourfold and urinary tract cancer doubles.
Important: Many of the "cons" castration fictional. For example, it is argued that working qualities are reduced in a castrated dog. This is not the case, which confirms the example of castrated harbor huskies in the North, which are active and of the same size as the leaders of the pack.
Another "minus" that some owners say is a change in the character of the pet. Affirmed that neutered males become passive, sleepy, move a little and are in a state of depression. In fact, the nature of the animal remains the same, leaving only the aggression and desire to mate.
Most of the cons of castration of dogs, invented by the owners.
Cost of operation
The price of the operation depends on several factors:
- place (at the client’s home or in the hospital),
- dog size
- additional service in the pre-and postoperative periods.
In the capital, the cost of castration is from three to eight thousand rubles. In other cities - from one and a half thousand.
Important: the maintenance of cryptorchid males (with one testicle not sunk into the scrotum) is more expensive because the testes and the testicles themselves are removed.
First of all, you need to take care of vaccination. The dog should be vaccinated at least a month before the operation, and better - before.
Before castrating a dog, it must be vaccinated and ingested.
In preparation for castration, the dog is rid of worms and parasites. 14 days before the procedure, the pet is given an anthelmintic, in 10 days they are treated for ticks and other insects.
Important: Do not trust the vet, who only examines the animal. Be sure to thorough examination - general and biochemical blood and urine tests, heart check.
Sometimes doctors prescribe a patient for antibiotics SchSD, Mexidol 48 hours before the procedure. For 3 days, the dog is given light food to avoid problems with defecation.
Immediately before the operation, the dog is limited to:
- in food - for 10 hours,
- in drink - for 6 hours.
With you need to take:
- disposable diapers,
- a blanket,
- stretcher, if the dog is large.
And remember that in the postoperative period the puppy will need rest and attention.
Possible complications after the support
Geriatric cognitive disorders may occur. The dog will cease to orient in the house or not open space, it will disturb sleep, it will lose the acquired skills.
Negative consequences may occur if the procedure is performed too early, at the age of 3 months. Such a puppy may grow less strong and larger than his littermates (however, this does not always happen). If the manipulation was carried out in time, before the start of puberty, then this does not affect the physical parameters of the dog.
Care after castration - the first hours
After the introduction of anesthesia, the skin is incised, and the testes are removed. Sutures are applied to the wound, which are removed a week or one and a half after the operation
After castration, the dog needs to rest, just do not water it and do not feed it until it passes the effect of anesthesia.
On the way home, cover the dog with a blanket, spread a diaper or oilcloth in case of voluntary urination. At home, put it in a prepared place, monitor the state of the pulse, temperature and mucous membranes. While the animal is asleep, turn it over once every half hour to the other side. Do not feed or water until the anesthesia has passed completely.
Departure after castration - further action
During the recovery period, follow the instructions of the doctor, give your pet prescribed by a veterinarian, check the bandage so that it is not too tight, and change it in time. Treat seams with antiseptic. For several days, possible swelling of the genitals. If discharge occurs, bleeding occurs, or nausea begins, contact your veterinarian immediately.
After castration, you must monitor the dog's diet, you can not overfeed.
Pay attention to the pet's diet. In no case can not overfeed. Due to the decrease in the hormonal background of the male, the current bitches are less disturbed, he moves less in search of an object for mating and spends less energy.
Important: If a dog has a phlegmatic nature from nature, then after manipulation it can give the impression of being passive, sedentary. It is necessary to spend more time with her, to stimulate action, to try to get interested in new games.
When making a choice - to castrate a dog or not - it is first necessary to take into account the individual characteristics of the dog (health condition, age, behavior, and so on). This operation is not shown in all cases, and consultation with a veterinarian and a dog handler is obligatory before it is performed.
Reviews of owners who have done their dogs a surgery
Marina. Our tsverg constantly ran away from home, threw on other dogs, did not obey. After castration, the dog is still active, but has become more friendly, calm. Shoots stopped.
Alexey. The dog had an enlarged prostate gland. After surgery, everything returned to normal. We go to the vet less often, and the character has become less aggressive.
In the end, watch and video material on this issue.