Cat hair consists of two tiers - a short downy undercoat and longer elastic hairs that we see outside.
Seasonal moult is a perfectly normal, necessary natural process. First, each hair has a certain lifespan and disappears after its expiration. In its place grows new. Secondly - twice a year, cats change wool due to climate restructuring.
In the spring, the cat loses its hair in order to get rid of its inner fluff. In the summer it is not necessary, because it is so warm outside.
In the autumn, the old, dried-up wool over the summer also gives way to a new, more fluffy, healthy one, in order to provide the animal with warmth and protection.
Thus, a seasonal reset of wool is the norm. It usually lasts no more than 1 month, sometimes a little longer. In the process of seasonal moulting, the cat doesn’t have any piercing on the body.
If the pet began to fade suddenly and abundantly, there is most likely a problem behind this.
1. Children's molt
If a very young cat began to shed heavily and suddenly, then it was time for her to drop a child's fur coat. At the age of 6-7 months, the animal gets rid of soft fur. It is replaced by a more rigid, resilient, glossy wool, the color becomes more saturated.
The whole process of molting can take 3-4 months. Wool ceases to climb on its own and in such cases do not need to do anything. We'll have to be patient and wait.
2. Pregnancy, childbirth
This factor applies only to cats. Many women know that after pregnancy, hair begins to climb hard. The same thing happens in animals - they begin to molt. During the period of gestation of kittens and after their birth, hormonal changes take place in the cat-mother’s body, which is reflected in the coat.
Sometimes the cat constantly sheds if it gives birth two or more times a year. Usually, the problem is faced by those who keep a nursery in the house.
3. Improper nutrition
Unbalanced, unhealthy diet is a frequent reason why cats have wool. Food from the family table is absolutely not suitable for cats. Pets living in apartments and not going out on the street need special food at all. Today, there are many good feeds designed specifically for homemade four-legged friends, taking into account the needs of their body. There is also feed specifically for wool, containing an increased rate of vitamins. Very often, the problem of pathological molting is precisely the lack of vital substances. Proper diet will favorably affect the general condition of the animal.
If a cat has tufts of wool, think, and not if your pet lives in stress. After all, these creatures, like people, may experience fear, pain, joy, and anxiety. Your cat may fade if: you often beat and scold her, there are children in the house who constantly squeeze it, there is a repair in the apartment, another animal or a newborn child appears in the house. Of course, there are more reasons for stress, these are only the most likely.
5. Domestic Cat Syndrome
Cats living on the street, well feel the change of seasons of the year. But home "fluffy", not leaving the walls of the apartment, lose their connection with nature. They are constantly in heat, and their body mistakenly perceives such an atmosphere over the summer. And once around the summer, it means that thick wool is not needed. Therefore, if a cat sheds heavily all the time and for no apparent reason, it is possible that he often needs to be in the fresh air.
Loss of hair can occur due to illness. Some diseases are almost asymptomatic and the host may not notice the problem for a long time.
Diseases for which cats can shed:
- Gastritis, dysbacteriosis, stomach ulcer.
- Fungal infections.
- Viral infections.
- Allergic reactions.
What to do
To understand why the cat began to shed, and this process was delayed, it is necessary with the help of a veterinarian. Self-medication can harm. Perhaps the cat grabs vitamins, and maybe the whole thing in too dry and warm air in the apartment - a lot of options. It is necessary to undergo an examination in a veterinary clinic, and on the basis of analyzes, receive appointments and recommendations from a specialist.
What is molt?
Every owner of a beautiful fluffy cat faced with such a process as hair loss. In principle, there is nothing terrible in this, since any animal that has hair, periodically sheds. The process of changing wool must occur twice a year. Before preparing for winter, lightweight hair is replaced by a more dense and warm. This is necessary in order for the animal to be able to tolerate frost. Also, the molting process begins in early spring. At this time, the pet throws off its warm undercoat, replacing it with a lighter one. As a rule, the molting period itself lasts from 1 to 2 months.
In order to accelerate the loss of wool, you must use a special comb for cats. With it, you can quickly comb out the remnants of hair. There are situations when the process of molting is delayed. This can be observed in animals permanently living in the room. Also at risk are those pets who do not receive proper care. They molt can last up to 4 months.
The reasons for the strong molt
To understand why an animal has abundant hair fall, it is necessary to understand the main reasons. These include:
- Unbalanced nutrition. By mistake, many owners believe that if a cat eats a lot, it gets all the vitamins necessary for the body. However, it is not. If you pick the wrong food, the lack of minerals and other substances can lead to the destruction of the hair follicles.
- Weakened immunity. It can often be noted that the animal, after suffering a serious illness, begins to shed heavily. As a rule, wool becomes very faded. Such unpleasant consequences leads to a weakening of the immune system. It is restored with the help of special mineral supplements and vitamins.
- Allergic reactions. Certain factors in a cat's body can cause a disorder. As a rule, over a period of time, substances that cause severe allergies accumulate in her blood. It can be both food and other elements in the external environment. The disease does not appear immediately, so it is not always immediately possible to determine why the cat sheds heavily.
- Fungal diseases. If the animal's hair begins to fall in certain places, then it is imperative to conduct a special examination. Any animal can become infected with fungus. Microsporia and trichophytia affect hair the most.
- Skin parasites. If the pet after the walk behaves very excitedly, itches constantly and licks its fur, then this may indicate that it has become infected with fleas or other parasites. They cause abundant hair loss. Also need to be tested for subcutaneous mites.
- Hormonal changes. When a mating phase occurs in an animal, and the owner is not going to engage in offspring, he gives his pet special pills or drops. These drugs reduce craving, but adversely affect the body as a whole. It is recommended in such situations to give preference to sterilization, since the frequent use of pills can cause oncological diseases in the animal. Also, hormonal changes may be in those pets who are overweight. As a rule, they disrupt the work of the pancreas and the endocrine system, which leads to abundant molting.
Before you start a cat, you need to learn in detail about the features of a particular breed. For example, proper grooming is necessary for British, Siberian, and Persian pets. They have a thick undercoat that causes a lot of trouble to the owners. With such breeds, you must be prepared for the fact that wool will accumulate in every corner of the room. If the owner is not pleased with such prospects, it is recommended to pay attention to the American Curl, sacred Burma, Somali or hangar. They are soft and fluffy, but they do not shed so much.
Those who like Siamese breeds of cats, can not worry about the fact that their wool will remain on upholstered furniture and other places. As a rule, these animals practically do not shed, as they have no undercoat.
The owners of such breeds as the Bombay, Egyptian Mau, Singaporean, Burmese and Bengal cats do not recognize problems with molting. Their wool does not fall out intensively, but, most importantly, in small quantities. And finally, we note that there are such breeds of cats that have no hairline at all.
If the cat sheds heavily, what to do? In this situation, owners are advised to purchase a furminator. With it you can easily and quickly cope with a thick undercoat during seasonal molting. It is also important especially the representatives of fluffy rocks daily combing. Thanks to proper care, no mats will form on the body of the animal.
If the molt is abundant, you can use special conditioners and shampoos. With the right choice, they will moisturize the skin, restore hair follicles. Due to this, the coat becomes shiny and thick.
However, in this matter it is necessary to take into account one nuance. With the help of cosmetics and furminator, you can only eliminate the consequences of a strong hair loss. But it is always necessary to look for the root cause that led to such problems. They are different, so if the molt lasts more than 2 months, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian.
Owners will encounter the first molt at the age of 6 months. It is during this period in the kitten that the fur changes. You can even notice it by touch. Adult hair is more coarse. Also, after the first molt, the color changes to a more saturated one, and the pattern becomes pronounced.
Doctors recommend in this period to pay attention to nutrition. It must be properly balanced. If a kitten gets all the necessary vitamins and minerals, then the process of molting will be much faster.
A healthy animal sheds twice a year: in winter and spring. In order to quickly survive this period, it is best to purchase a special comb for cats. According to the owners, with its help the undercoat is combed out very quickly. This is especially true for very fluffy breeds. Their undercoat is so thick that they can get rid of it all summer. Shedding in short-haired cats lasts from several weeks to 2 months.
Let's talk about nutrition
If a cat climbs wool, then the first thing to do is pay attention to its nutrition. Those owners who prefer to feed the pet with all that they eat themselves, cause him irreparable harm. As a rule, food for people is seasoned with spices and salt. And after all, they cause food allergies, kidney and liver diseases in cats. A sick animal begins to loose hair, and also becomes very nervous.
It is possible to choose the right nutrition only after consulting with a veterinarian. That he will help identify foods that cause allergies. In addition to the appointment of a diet, a special vitamin complex will be recommended, which will not only help to bring six animals in order, but also improve their health.
Why does a cat shed heavily? This question is often asked by owners who have not yet had experience with animals. From the very first days the kitten is taught healthy food. In addition to special food, it is necessary to introduce vegetables, fruits and cottage cheese into the diet.
Domestic cat sheds heavily - what to do?
How to determine the cause of intensive molting in a pet that does not leave the apartment? Most often, these animals do not feel the change of seasons. They may be affected by ambient temperature. This is especially noticeable in the winter season when the heating is on. Due to the dry air in the room, the cats begin to loose hair heavily. In order to correct this situation, you must use a humidifier. Also recommended to pick up your pet vitamins. In this matter, only the vet will help.
Let's talk about vitamins
Is your cat shedding heavily? What do you do not know? You must contact the veterinary clinic. There, doctors will conduct an examination. If they do not find any serious diseases, then in this situation a special vitamin complex will be recommended.
Many animals that do not have enough vitamins of group B, begins to fall heavily wool. As a rule, in cats, B2 and B5 are responsible for the thickness of the scalp. If the latter is not enough, then, in addition to intensive molting, dermatitis may occur. Pet is often in a nervous state. With a lack of B2, the animal can become completely bald in the area of the back, chest and eyes. His cornea becomes cloudy, there are small cracks in the corners of the mouth. His body becomes very weak.
Vitamins for cats from hair loss are sold in tablets. They may include not only elements of group B, but also iodine, biotin, seaweed extract, and sulfur.
It is advisable not to be limited to only vitamins, it is better to purchase complexes, which also include minerals.
In order to never face the diseases of wool in their pets, the owner must comply with all the rules of care. First of all, you need to daily brush the animal. For this special combs are sold. It is equally important to provide your pet with balanced nutrition. It should include vegetables, meat and fish. In no case is it allowed to give food from the common table. It is also recommended not to increase the portions yourself, since overeating can lead to hair loss and other diseases. If you follow all the rules, as well as introduce vitamins for cats from hair loss into the diet, then the molting process will be quick and almost invisible to the owners.
Shedding in different breeds of cats
Hairs fall out in all animals. This is a natural process, and avoid it will not work. But the intensity of molting is highly dependent on the breed of the cat. Often on the forums of animal lovers there is a question: “The British cat sheds heavily. What to do? ”After all, problems with moulting are often expected from long-haired breeds, and not from short-haired British. But this approach is wrong, since it is the down that falls out the most.
British, Persian, Siberian cats and Maine Coons have a thick fluffy fur coat with a rich undercoat, which causes so much trouble to the owners. Often the Scottish cat sheds heavily. What to do in such cases, you will learn from this article.
If you like longhair cats, but the prospect of spending a lot of time cleaning furniture is scary, then pay attention to sacred Burma, Turkish Angora, Somali, American Curl.
Beskopoit you that Siamese cat sheds heavily? What to do in this case? This situation should alert you, as the Siamese have no undercoat, and the guard hairs normally fall out in small quantities. Less intense molting takes place in the Egyptian Mau, Burmese, Abyssinian, Bengal, Bombay, Singaporean cats.
Of course, there will be no problems with moulting at Cornish and Devon Rex, sphinxes.
How to reduce the amount of wool?
It so happens that the cat sheds very much. What to do in this case, how to reduce the amount of hair falling out? The first assistant to the owner of a molting cat with a thick undercoat - furminator. To prevent the formation of tangles and gently get rid of the loose fluff, cats with long hair should be combed daily.
The use of special shampoos and conditioners will also help. They moisturize the skin and restore damaged hair. It should be noted that the furminator and cosmetics only eliminate the effects of excessive molting. And for the optimal elimination of this trouble you need to find out the reason for its occurrence. Let us see why the cat sheds heavily on what to do to solve this problem.
Causes and Problem Solving: Season
At the age of about six months, the kitten's fur is completely replaced by an adult. Shedding can last up to two months. Soft baby hair is replaced by a coarser constant. Drawing on wool becomes brighter, richer. During this period, the animal especially needs a proper balanced diet. A well-groomed and healthy kitten molts faster, and a new fur will be better.
Normally, a cat sheds twice a year. With the arrival of spring, a light summer coat replaces the lush winter one. Fluffy cats can continue shedding all summer, getting rid of excess undercoat, by the autumn this process stops. Shorthair cats lose their hair equally in spring and autumn. Seasonal moulting can last from a few weeks to two months. To speed up the process, the animal must be combed.
Shedding can also cause health problems. Changes in hormonal levels may result in hair loss. Cats molt after childbirth, and this is normal. Но изменения может вызвать и близость животного другого пола. Даже если предполагаемый партнер живет в соседнем подъезде, кот или кошка могут чувствовать его запах. Неспособность удовлетворить половой инстинкт или, наоборот, истощение от частых спариваний или родов могут вызвать линьку.Veterinarians recommend sterilizing animals that are not intended for breeding. This allows you to avoid hormonal surges, reduces the likelihood of tumor diseases.
The reasons for molting can be various diseases. Strong hair loss can be an alarming symptom along with unpleasant smell from the mouth, coughing, scratching, lethargy, etc. The veterinarian should understand what a sick pet is and prescribe treatment. Shedding caused by the disease, will pass only after the recovery of the animal.
It often happens that a cat that never leaves an apartment sheds little by little all year round. She does not feel the change of seasons. The problem intensifies in the winter when the heating strongly dries the air. Low humidity is harmful not only for the cat, but also for its owner. Air conditioners, humidifiers, aquariums without a lid will help raise it to a normal level. For a domestic cat you need to choose the right diet, take care of the coat with the help of special tools. Vitamins from molting will also help, but courses can be given no more than twice a year.
Even under ideal keeping conditions, hair loss can be caused by constant stress. The cat may be attacked by a child, another animal at home or on the street. In such a situation, you need to try to remove the source of stress. In advanced cases, the veterinarian may prescribe a mild sedative.
Care and feeding
Your cat sheds heavily. What if she is healthy and calm, but the wool continues to crumble? Pay attention to the quality of shampoos and balms for the care of the fur coat. Cheap low-quality cosmetics can cause molting. In addition, shampoos should be used according to the instructions, properly dilute the concentrate. Combing out not only helps to get rid of the fallen out hair, but also improves blood circulation and nourishment of hairs.
Cat sheds heavily. What to do? Finally, one of the most common causes of hair loss is poor diet. Cheap dry food can not provide a fluffy darling with all necessary. Choose quality products from reputable manufacturers. And natural food should be balanced, the menu - varied. It is wrong to feed the cat with food from your table or chicken breast alone. She needs lean meat, fish, offal, eggs, raw vegetables, fruits, greens.
In conclusion, a few tips:
- comb your darling, avoiding combs with sharp teeth,
- wash your cat only with high-quality shampoo,
- use vitamin supplements for natural feeding,
- Get special cat wool conditioners.
And a little about the secrets.
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