Detailed description and characteristics of dog breeds Bolognese or Italian lapdog


Bolognese is a breed of dogs that is unique in all respects. This also applies to an unusual appearance, and a mild, docile nature. A miniature pet from the Bichon group will become a true friend for both young children and for lonely elderly people.

Breed history

The Bolognese dog appeared in Italy, in the small town of Bologna, which gave the name to an unusual breed. The first mention of the existence of tiny snow-white pets, contained by the Italian aristocracy, dates back to the 12th century.

The peak of popularity of this breed falls on the period from the XII to the XVII century. The Italian lap-dog at this time often interbred with other small dogs of the Bichon group. At the end of the XVII century, interest in the breed began to fade, which immediately affected the number of animals.

The breed was saved only because it was interested in the middle class of Italians. In Europe, the Bolognese dog appeared at the beginning of the XVIII century. In Holland, France, Italy, these lovely crumbs were bred as pets, without working skills. At about the same time, Russian merchants brought Bolognaise to Russia, where charming dogs began to occupy rapidly the palaces and apartments of noble ladies.

Surprisingly, the breed was officially recognized only in 1955. From this moment on, extraordinary snow-white kids were allowed to enter international competitions and exhibitions, where they were always waiting for success.

Breed features

The Bolognese dog is famous for its fluffy snow-white wool, which needs compulsory care. There are individuals in which the white coat has small markings, but this is the exception rather than the rule. Bolognez loves cosmetic procedures. Probably, this passion likened him to the secular lionesses and ladies who regularly visit beauty salons.

Despite the seeming fragility, these babies have well-developed strong muscles, which are hidden by thick soft wool.

Bolognez (dog) - description

Friendly pet attracts lovers of decorative rocks primarily for its miniature size. Judge for yourself: the growth of adult animals does not exceed 30 cm (males) and 24.5 cm (bitches). According to the standard, the boy's weight should not be more than 4.0 kg, and girls - not more than 3.0 kg.

The bologna dog is characterized by a body with well-developed muscles, a tucked up belly and a straight back. Despite its small size, the Italian lap-dog (as it is called in Russia) have a long neck. The tail of this baby is small, covered with thick hair, usually located on the back. Like all tiny dogs, the legs are small, oval-shaped.

The head of the Italian bichon is round in shape, medium in size. The transition from the forehead to the square muzzle is quite sharp, which gives the appearance of an amazing similarity with a toy. The eyes, mouth and nose are black. Small ears hanging, set quite high.

Coat and color

Wool bolognese silky, soft, almost airy. This is due to the lack of undercoat. That it creates the effect of a dense coat. Often, under the coat you can see beige, black and even blue spots. This addition to color is not only allowed by the standard, but is also welcomed. Such puppies usually cost more.

The Bolognese Dog is a great companion, completely human-centered. This baby is very affectionate and affectionate, gets along well with children. With a lack of attention can fall into depression, needs constant communication with the person. But do not rush to start such a dog if your child is not yet six years old. Younger children do not always understand that they face a fragile, helpless creature and in the game can inadvertently injure him.

Bolognez - a dog whose content does not require physical exertion, long walks and runs, will be a wonderful friend for the elderly. These charming animals have, judging by the reviews of the owners, a shy character. In the company of strangers feel uncomfortable, trying to hide in a secluded corner.

A puppy of an Italian bichon needs early socialization, otherwise the isolation inherent in the breed can escalate into unmotivated aggression. Bolognez feels great as the only pet and instantly establishes contact with other inhabitants of the home. Doggie is endowed with the nature of the makings of a circus artist: he quickly and easily learns the lessons of dog training, with pleasure he learns various tricks.

Despite the glamor that the rock has been endowed with in recent years, the Bolognese does not require very complex care. Trips to beauty salons are rather the whims of the owners.

There is a breed standard that you must adhere to. This is the treatment of animal fleas and worms in the first place. The pledge of your pet's health depends on timely vaccinations and high-quality, balanced nutrition. If other decorative breeds have problems with nutrition, then these babies are not so scrupulous in this matter.

But care for wool should be given special attention. From a very young age, a puppy should be taught to comb, different brushes, long combing and washing. Although it is better not to abuse bathing, it is necessary to do this only before the show or if your pet gets very dirty.

Exhibition animals are not sheared, but if you do not plan to exhibit your pet, you can cut it several times a year. Options for "trendy" haircuts today, there are many.

We must not forget about the hygienic procedures - regular cleansing of the ears and eyes. They are rubbed with a cotton swab dipped in boiled water. The earlier a puppy is taught to these procedures, the less problems owners will have when their pet is older.

The owners of such beautiful animals can face another problem - diseases of the oral cavity and teeth. Italian lapdogs are prone to these diseases, so from the very young age of the child should be taught to brush your teeth.


Sometimes owners of decorative dogs confuse concepts such as training and education. These are two completely different processes that require a certain approach. Puppies are trained from the age of six months, and education should be dealt with from birth, more precisely, since the appearance of a fluffy pet in your home.

Many owners note that after visiting the nursery they got the impression that these babies were raised from birth. This statement is true, but only in part. Probably affects the aristocratic education of the ancestors of the Bologna. Modern representatives of the breed from the first time perfectly understand what is allowed and what should not be done under any circumstances. Therefore, it is quite enough once to scold the kid strictly for a mistake, and he will never repeat it again.

In the process of education should be completely abandon the screams and the method of "whip". You will achieve a better result if you praise the little one for her success.

How much does a bologna dog cost?

The average cost of these charming kids in Russia is 30 thousand rubles. The boy is a little cheaper - about 20 thousand rubles. In this case, in the nursery you will receive all the necessary documents: pedigree RKF, veterinary passport. In addition, the staff of the nurseries help, especially in the first months, in solving all emerging issues regarding the education of the puppy.

Owner reviews

Bolognez is a dog whose reviews are extremely positive. Owners can not name a single drawback of these kids. The four-legged pets are by nature endowed with a soft and docile character, not vindictive, always cheerful, easy to get along with all pets, smart, delicate feel the mood of the owner.

Perhaps the only drawback of Italian Bologna is the high price. But this question fades into the background as soon as you see these dogs in the kennel. No one can resist their charm. That is why all visitors to the nurseries come out with a fluffy white ball in their hands.

Breed description

The Bolognese is a breed of dog that became famous during the period of the Italian aristocracy. She is considered close to the Malteses. Puppies appeared in Bolonia. This is the name of the breed.

In the Middle Ages, the number of individuals decreased significantly. A new wave of popularity also came in Italy in the next century. However, now the bolognese has become popular with the middle class.

Italian lap-dog has a small size, snow-white wool and a compact body. To meet a breed standard, an animal must meet the following criteria:

  • Body length - from 25 to 30 cm.
  • Weight is between 2.5 and 4 kg.
  • Straight nose with black end.
  • The muzzle is square.
  • The bite is correct and resembles scissors.
  • The eyes are medium in size, dark and not bulging out.
  • Ears should be small in size and hanging.
  • Body length and leg height should visually form a square.
  • The coat is white, fluffy and soft to the touch. Only a slight shade of yellowness is allowed.

Rules of maintenance and care

The dog can easily be trained to the tray. It is enough to make two walks a week to maintain physical fitness. The dog needs a house that will protect it from external fuss. He may be afraid of children or new people.

Wool - the dignity of the breed. It is presented without undercoat, so the risk of entanglement increases. Preventing the situation will allow daily combing.

Removal of mats requires their treatment with an air conditioner or special cutting. Additionally, it is necessary to perform a hygienic haircut once a month.

Bathing is not more than once every two weeks. In the intervals between procedures it is allowed to treat the hair with dry shampoo.

There is always a long coat on the face of the bolognese. Against this background, the risk of getting it in the eyes increases. That is why they should be regularly cleaned with a tampon, which was previously wetted in a special liquid.

Inspection and cleaning of the ears, teeth should be done every week. Claws are clipped once every three weeks.

Italian lapdog is full-bodied with improper nutrition. Puppy needs to be fed often - the way once a day. Over time, the number of meals is reduced to two. For every 0.5 kg is given no more than 1 tbsp. l food.

The menu should contain meat, sea fish, offal, cottage cheese, egg white, cereal and steamed vegetables. It is also allowed to give seasonal fruits and berries.

Food may be dry. For example, Bologna love canned food. However, from such a food, their teeth begin to deteriorate. Dry food prevents the negative development of the situation.

The nature of Italian bichonas

Italian lapdogs feel great in a city apartment. They have a calm disposition and always behave in a balanced way. The dog quickly becomes attached to the owner. That is why it should not start if the lap dog will always be alone.

The breed has mobility and loves to actively play. She is ready to do everything so that the owner will give her attention and stroke. Bolognese is easy to train and can remember many commands.

Bolognese respond well to early socialization. Otherwise, they may become too shy. Constant loneliness also negatively affects their character. For example, a dog may begin to spoil the furniture or things of the owner.

Italian lap dog perfectly gets on with cats, rabbits, birds and even rodents. Due to this, she correctly goes through the process of socialization.

Breed differs in friendliness and easily meets new pets. She finds a common language even with large dogs. However, the owner must be mindful of the bolognese gullibility. She can play a trick on him.

Bolognese have a calm disposition and always behave in a balanced way.

All dogs can easily find common language with children. Experts recommend getting a dog if the kid is already eight years old. Otherwise, the crumb can harm any animal without malicious intent.


Bolognese is smart and always feels the mood of the owner. However, the team they manage to learn is not the first time. Dogs can be stubborn, because they don’t always like monotonous operations.

Bolognese require a delicate approach. They quickly understand the principle of the reward system and begin to fulfill any commands with pleasure. The owner must find the optimal system of trainings. Due to this, the dog will be able to perform not only basic commands, but also complex tricks.

Bolognese have excellent immunity, so they rarely get sick. They are also practically not subject to hereditary diseases. On average, the life span of an animal is 16 years. However, in this case, you will need to regularly visit the veterinarian in order to identify diseases at the first stage of their development.

Equally important is the process of cleansing the teeth from the stone. In lapdogs often manifested this disease.

The first vaccination is done in the period from 2 to 3 months. The next vaccination should be made in a month. If the dog regularly walks on the street or communicates with other animals, then additional wool is treated from parasites.

Preventive deworming is carried out once a month. Such a procedure should be performed 10 days before any vaccinations.

How much is a puppy

There are good breeders and nurseries in almost all major cities. Before choosing a puppy should pay attention to the study of the breed standard. If the puppy was well kept, then there would be no mats on his fur.

The breed is rare, so the price for it is appropriate. Show level puppies cost from 55 thousand rubles. However, if a person wants to purchase a pet class, it will cost him in the amount of more than 25 thousand rubles.

Breeding characteristics

Only breeding individuals with good grades are allowed to breed. In this case, you can be completely confident in accordance with the standard in the future. The process of pregnancy should be monitored by a veterinarian.

The Italian lap dog (Bichon Bolognese) is a loyal friend and companion. The breed has a gentle temperament and can live with the children. She is gentle, affectionate and loves the game. If the dog is accustomed to the tray, then it is not necessary to walk it every day.

Among the added benefits, you should cancel the unusual appearance and luxurious wool. The white lump is guaranteed to appeal to all animal lovers.

Health and nutrition

Italian lapdog is a healthy breed, pets rarely suffer from serious illnesses and live to 15 years, and sometimes live longer. Sometimes there can be diseases of the teeth, so it is better to teach dogs to clean them often from an early age. Eyes and eyes should be monitored regularly, cleaning them from dirt. Otherwise, there will be tearing, stains under the eyes.

Like all animals, the Bologna dog can not be overfed, accustom to eat from the table. The last condition is sometimes difficult to fulfill, as the pet will definitely be begging from the owners of the treat.

In this case, you need to show resistance to the health of the animal. Puppies need vitamins and mineral complexes, especially vitamin A, half of the feed injected is of animal origin.

Italian lapdog up to 5 months should eat 4 times a day, and an adult dog is recommended to be fed 2 times a day. The sharp bones of birds and fish are excluded.

For daily food pick up food that fits a particular dog. As a rule, seek advice from veterinarians or breeders who have experience in these matters. The dog is susceptible to allergies, so try to pick up food, focusing on the absence of allergens in it.

The lap-dog is a cute white fluffy crumb, which has practically no drawbacks - it is friendly and playful, livable with all family members, suitable for both a city apartment and a country house, does not require special care, brings joy, peace and wonderful mood to everyone house.


In the 11th century appeared Bolognese breed and its roots go to Italy. The love of aristocrats to dogs was exalted, and every owner showed his pet in public. With the peak of popularity Bolognese It was considered as an expensive acquisition, and a gift. Popularity quickly went over to Russia, and we simply call this breed "Bolonka". But for some unknown reason, the breed has practically disappeared. Let's understand the exclusivity of the breed, starting with its character.

Bologna character

Dog character as if it were split in two: it is noisy and active, on the other hand obedient and intelligent. These dogs are not only very smart, they are helpful, and believe me, they know what they are doing. To her peace of mind, she adds a funny look that makes the pet almost perfect. Along with the beautiful character bolognese, присутствует дружелюбность по отношению к другим домашним животным и любовь к детям, что уже делает породу исключительной. Собака привязывается ко всем членам семьи без исключения, и будет предана до последних своих дней. Нужно знать и о том, что порода очень чувствительна, она тяжко переносит одиночество, переезды, а о смене хозяина и говорить нечего. If you do not pay attention to her, or for a long time leave the dog alone at home, be prepared for a loud barking and pogrom in the house. But to scold the dog is not necessary, it is too shy, you need to do training, and how, we will tell you a little below.

Characteristics of the Bolognese

Body bolognese compact and sturdy.Growth 25-30 cm Weight 2-4 kg.

Limbs small, hind legs longer than the front.

Tail medium length, narrowed to the tip.

Head wedge-shaped with a prominent forehead and powerful jaws. Ears medium length, hanging down to the neck. Eyes almond-shaped, small, dark color.

Wool long, thick, soft, curly, covering the whole body of the dog.

Colors: exceptionally white.

Bolognese care

Due to thick wool Bolognese rather sheds, so wool must be combed daily to make life easier for your pet and save your furniture from flying lumps. But these are not the only reasons, because the dog's hair quickly rolls down, forming tangles, which are almost impossible to comb out, but only cut, which will spoil the hairstyle. After all, you have to consult a specialist every month to make a beautiful haircut, unless of course you yourself learn. Bathe your dog as needed, when eyes are dirty, wipe them with a warm extract of chamomile. Ears should be cleaned once a month, and the claws should be cut too.

Bolognese Health

About dog health problems It is not known, since the breed was practically ceased to be bred, and nothing was found from the old sources of the 11th century. In any case, initially it is necessary to choose the correct cattery and make sure not only the pedigree (that you did not sell the usual poodle, for example), but also the health of the puppy and its parents. Of course, you need to go back to the vet every six months, doing the vaccination and examination. Also, it is recommended to clean the worms. In addition, it is necessary to treat wool from pests. Lifespan Bolognese on average 12-14 years.

Nutrition Bolognese

You probably know what's right. nutrition a pledge of long life, and this concerns dogs! It is best to feed the dog balanced, i.e. and dry food and natural food. Dry food choose high-quality, because only it contains all the vitamins and trace elements, so necessary in the daily diet of your pet.From natural food choose not fatty meat (chicken, beef) in boiled form, cereal (buckwheat, rice), low-fat cottage cheese and natural yoghurt, and kefir with low fat content, fruits (apples, pears in priority), you should not give exotic, vegetables ( greens, zucchini, carrots, beets, cabbage), offal.

Breed standards

The bright, Italian representative of the breed - the Bolognese Bolognese has a luxurious coat, a uniform white color, a bright and lively face and proud posture. Moreover, her black eyes - buttons and eyelids add to her spectacularity.

Breed Bolognese has its own standards - it is for them that the body must conform in its constitution.

  1. The height at the withers is 30-32 cm., With a weight of up to 5 kg, when the difference in weight and height of the bitches and bitches does not exceed 200-400 grams and several centimeters in height.
  2. The head has a rounded shape and a somewhat flat skull, a straight nose and square features of the muzzle, and a large nose.
  3. The eyes are large, oval-shaped, dark, the ears are drooping, but at the same time they are set high on the head, oval-shaped, and the neck is quite sinewy and at the same time mobile.
  4. The body and the body itself are square, the neck is wiry and the chest is wide in its format. The limbs are widely set in their structure. The limbs are short.
  5. The tail is long and curled at the back, the wool is long, flat or with curls, white in color, without spots and blotches.

Bolognese breed origin

Bolognese is a breed of dog with a long and amazing history, which came from the northern outskirts of Italy, because it was here that the breeding began in the 12th century. And named breed in honor of the city of Italy - Bologna. It originally belongs to the Bichonian family - historians find a description of similar breeds of dogs in the annals dating back to the 5th century. BC, with all this, there are certain assumptions that the Maltese lap-dog was its progenitor. It was she who was considered the dog of the nobility, which was often given to a child - the peak of popularity falls on the 12-17 century, the Renaissance period. This dog is often depicted on their canvases by such famous artists as Goya and Goss, Titian.

At the beginning of the 19th century, during the revolution in France, the authority of the nobility fell, as did the interest in the breed itself. But over time, the popularity of the breed was restored and at the beginning of the 20th century around the world, it had a lot of fans. Officially, the cube of admirers of such a breed as the Bolognese dog received in 1955, and in America there is even a club of its admirers.

Temper Italian

The Bolognese dog breed is best suited for children whose age starts from 8-10 years old, and older, but young family members should not buy it, as they can harm a miniature animal. Among households, the Bolognese will not single out their leader - attachment to all family members will be a characteristic feature of his character.

By liking it is a shy and rather wary dog, but only in the presence of strangers, and in its company it is a cheerful, sociable and docile creature. Due to its innate vigilance - the Bolognese is a wonderful watchman, but with its dimensions, congenital aggression does not cause the offender to be afraid. According to one's liking, this is a small ball of happiness, friendly towards everyone and everyone, including pets, even cats.

Pet Care

In some special care, the wool of this breed of dogs is not demanding and it is enough to comb it every day, from time to time, if you want to cut it - in this case, comb it every 2 days. The presented breed does not fade and therefore does not require special attention. bathe it as the wool is contaminated, but the main attention should be paid to the care of the ears and eyes. It is enough to clean them with a cotton pad, tampons moistened in clean water - if the discharge comes with pus, it requires treatment with appropriate medication solutions.

The presented breed of dogs requires only indoor, home maintenance - such a dog will not live on the street and, accordingly, will simply die. She just loves regular walks in the fresh air - outdoor games and fresh air are just her element. Bolognese belongs to those breeds that are perfectly amenable to training, and therefore they are often involved in all sorts of performances and circus programs.

By itself, the breed does not require great physical exertion, and the most important thing for a dog is the attention of its owners. In all other respects, it will never cause any particular trouble in the apartment, but it will bring a lot of pleasure and affection.

Diseases of dog breed bolognaise

Diseases characteristic of this breed include such diseases as:

  • dislocations of the knee joints and pathology affecting the lacrimal ducts of the eyes,
  • dogs can be diagnosed and anatomically atypical growth of pet eyelashes and gum disease,
  • inflammation of the dog's cornea gas and food-type allergies.

Dog care

  1. The coat of a dog resembles in its structure a fur coat, but without a characteristic canine undercoat. But all this is even good - the dog practically does not shed, and care for its white and dazzling fur coat is practically minimal. Regular brushing and bathing as it gets soiled, mowing - on your own will - the set of procedures in this case is minimal.
  2. In the matter of hygiene - and then almost everything comes down to cleaning the ears with a cotton swab and keeping the eyes clean, you can clean the teeth of a pet once every few weeks with a toothbrush.
  3. Be sure to look and pet's claws - they should be cut regularly, and walking - at least half an hour a day.

Main food bolognese

A separate question is in the pet food - in this case, the Bolognese is unpretentious to food, but at the same time they are very, very sensitive to any change in diet, feed and natural, low-quality products.

So at the very beginning it is worth remembering that feeding a puppy is completely different from the mode and diet of an adult pet - Vitamins and minerals are essential for the initial development of the body. They are particularly important in the diet of vitamin A and products of animal and vegetable origin, constituting at least half of it.

With all that from an early age they masterfully know how to beg - you should not practice feeding them from the human table. It is not necessary to give a dog of this breed in any kind of bone, as well as sweets and feed the puppy at the age of 4 months - 4-5 times a day, then gradually reducing to 2 times, observing an equal period of time between feedings.

Pet training

In relation to dressure - bolognaise is very clever and intelligent, perfectly amenable to education, they can be taught even the most difficult tricks. But in this regard, it is worth remembering - this breed is classified as exhibition and therefore it is not worth long to torture them, but limit yourself to the minimum set of commands for obedience.

In their character, they are rarely obstinate, but at the same time the course of training must proceed from the position of affection and consistency, step by step. Bolognese are excellent companions and intelligent students and understand the team from the first time, and if you put everything on the basis of attention and trust to your pet, you can teach him any trick. But by their nature they are small children and diversity is important to them, as they are not tired of listening to their master when they are tired of monotony.

From the very first day of the appearance of this breed in the pet's house, this animal always strives to be close to people and these are true companions who know and feel their master. For a person, an important task is to stimulate and encourage your pet with the right skills. It is important to understand - it is worth socializing a puppy from the first day of its location in your home. It can be gradually introduced to all family members, on walks - with the outside world and other animals.

If you set the goal to participate in exhibitions with your pet - it is worth starting the appropriate course of training with a 5-6 month period. But if your pet is just a pet, then you can limit yourself to a minimum set of commands.

Choosing a puppy

When choosing and buying a Bolognese puppy, first of all you should pay attention to the conditions of its maintenance and the maintenance of its parents. Optimally - contact specialized kennels that are familiar with this breed and breeding puppies on a professional level.

Choosing a puppy - pay attention to some rules. First of all, the puppy should be not only mobile and cheerful, but also inquisitive by its habits. A puppy should not have discharge from the ears and eyes, it should be moderately plump.

The average cost is 1100-1200 in dollars, but if the puppy is sold without documents, the cost will be several orders of magnitude lower, as well as for those animals that come with stains in a pure white color, which is unacceptable by the standard of the breed. After buying a puppy - be sure to show it to the vet, get tested, and you will know for sure that the pet is completely healthy.