The appearance of an animal in the house is not an ordinary event. Any living thing needs caress, care and proper care. Little pets require special attention. Unfortunately, many of us, trying to revive their home with the presence of a kitten, do not even think about how comfortable the baby will feel in unfamiliar conditions.
In addition, not knowing when the kittens begin to eat themselves, you can cause tremendous harm to the body of a small creature. It is important to take care of the proper diet of the pet from the very first days, to know how and what to pamper him with.
Just want to note that in their development kittens go through almost the same stages as our children. They are born completely helpless. The first weeks mother-cat takes care of the newborn babies. But this time passes, and fluffy fidgets already run and play with pleasure. This is exactly the period when the kitten begins to eat itself: first, milk, and a little later - more serious food. The owner must teach the baby to eat on their own, foster proper behavior, provide a full diet.
Although kittens can eat mother's milk for up to two months, by the end of the third week such a limited menu does not suit them. They show interest in the contents of the mother plate. Kittens are trying to taste adult food. Of course, at first the kids do not get anything. Therefore, a person is obliged to help his pet in the initial stage. In the first days, when the kitten begins to eat itself, it is best to give him a completely liquid gruel, cooked in milk.
With the advent of the first milk teeth, and this happens at two months of age, you can gradually accustom the baby to solid food. When the kitten is two and a half months old, it will be able to eat any food. At the same time, he will gradually stop weaning his mother’s milk.
How to feed a newborn kitten?
Often the baby, just born, loses maternal care. To save the kitten from imminent death, the owner must put a lot of work and patience. In such a situation, first of all you need to contact a veterinarian. The specialist will tell you when the kittens start to eat themselves, explain how to replace cat's milk, help you to create a diet for the newborn.
The first month of the pet should be fed about eight times a day. Replace the mother's milk should be cow, give it warm. Since the baby still does not know how, it is advisable to use a pipette for feeding. In the future, all the foods should be introduced slowly. It is very important. First, add to the diet unsweetened semolina, boiled in diluted 1: 2 milk. After the normalization of the chair, you can diversify the favorite menu of rice, Hercules or buckwheat. In the case when the kittens begin to eat the proposed dishes themselves, you can diversify their food with a small amount of low-fat cottage cheese.
Meals after 1.5 months
Later, closer to two months, you can give the meat and fish in boiled form. Fresh pet fish to pamper is also worth it, but only occasionally. Be sure to ensure that the product does not come across large bones. It is recommended to give food in small pieces, it is permissible to mix meat or fish with any porridge cooked in water. The best food option for a little kitten is ready-made canned food that can be easily purchased at any supermarket. True, it is worthwhile to clarify in advance how many kittens begin to eat such food themselves.
Eating from your own saucer
Day after day you watch your pet grow up. He likes to run and frolic, so he needs a strong diet. It is time to accustom him to independent living. So that he is not confused from the first difficulties, he needs help again. It has already been said above that interest in a bowl or saucer in kittens appears at a rather early age — about three weeks.
This is the most convenient time to teach your baby good manners, that is, to eat from your own plate. At first, when the kittens start to eat themselves, they still do not understand what they have to do to have a tasty meal. Therefore, first pour a little milk in a shallow bowl. Then dip your finger and let it lick the cat. When the baby feels the taste of milk, put him closer to the saucer and gently dunk his muzzle. From fear, the animal will back up, shake and lick themselves hard. And then he remembers the taste of milk, which he was given to lick with a finger and the contents of the saucer would be attractive for him. Remember, when kittens start to eat from a bowl themselves, not all of them work smoothly: they snort and sneeze, blow milk bubbles. This happens because fluffy creatures have not yet learned to lap up.
Often kids paws try to climb into the dishes. Such manners should be stopped immediately. To teach your pet proper behavior, pull it out of the bowl, wipe the paws with a napkin, put it again near the container with food. If the prankster wants to repeat the unsightly act once again, hold it. Thus, consistently and patiently, you will teach your baby the main rule: paws are not supposed to be in food!
Some useful tips
Experienced people advise that when a kitten begins to eat from a saucer itself, you should not give him potatoes, bread or dry foods right away. A small body should get used to the new food. Let the adaptation period for him be comfortable.
Do not forget to pour pure water on a kitten who begins to eat independently. Do not be upset if he will drink a little. The fact is that the necessary amount of liquid animals get along with food. Many owners complain that when the kittens start to eat themselves, they cannot determine whether they have enough food. Understand this is easy, assessing the condition of the tray: if the baby visits him regularly, it means that he receives a sufficient amount of feed.
This is also interesting!
Any mother by nature is endowed with a wonderful instinct of care for the offspring. Helpless babies will not survive without a reverent maternal relationship. And if in the human world, mother care does not have an expiration date, after three weeks the cats are ready to let the babies go from the heart. In the wild, the young immediately learn to get their own food, but the kittens living in the apartment, it remains to hope for the owner. Inexperienced owners have no idea whether to allow a kitten to eat independently, and what to include in the diet. This crumb is so small and fragile that mistakes are unacceptable. So, how to organize self-nutrition fluffy usatika?
Age nuances of the cat "table"
Cats early let their children into an independent life, but are willing to provide them with dairy food for up to 2 months, if there is a need. Domestic kittens are usually ready to be lured after 3 weeks of life. In addition, the kids are growing rapidly, and the mother cat is harder to feed this horde.
At the age of 1-1.5 months, the kitten should receive warm liquid food 5-6 times a day. On the cat's "table" you can put the following dishes:
- baby meat and vegetable puree,
- semolina on milk without sugar,
- mashed boiled yolk (some)
- low fat curd.
By the age of 2 months, when the first milk teeth are bite, the cat's children are ready to try solid foods. But you should not exclude liquid food, since it is useful for digestion. Do not forget: the kitten is growing rapidly, developing, and every day his need for nutrients increases. The better food is “invested” in a baby at this age, the stronger his health will be in the end. The following products will fit the table:
- low-fat boiled meat
- cottage cheese,
- cereals (oatmeal, buckwheat, rice),
- chicken yolk,
- dairy products and milk,
- low-fat, salt-free cheese,
- natural yogurts.
By 3 months the baby can be transferred to dry cat food. Do not save on the health of your pet. Economy class fodder is often made up of meat and bone waste, they will not be able to fully saturate the cat's body with necessary substances. It is better to buy food for kittens super premium. A three-month-old baby can use such delicacies from the host refrigerator as:
- low-fat boiled meat, cut into pieces,
- offal (beef heart / liver),
- sea boiled fish,
- dairy cuisine,
- wiped vegetables and fruits,
- salad of chopped greens and olive oil,
- chicken yolk,
- cereals (rice, buckwheat, millet, rolled oats),
- natural yoghurt.
So that in the future the cat will not be capricious, you need to teach him to the correct table since childhood. It is not uncommon for cats to “sit down” on a certain type of food and refuse others - no less useful. One permanent dish can not contain all the vitamins that a cat needs. And if you want your pet to be omnivorous, from an early age teach it to fruits, vegetables and cereals.
Newborn without mom
It happens that for some reason newborn babies are left without mother's milk. Then the owner is facing a real test that takes a lot of time and effort, but will save a little cat life. Participation of the veterinarian in this feat is necessary. The specialist will help you choose food and explain all the nuances of replacing cat milk with cow milk.
Up to 3-4 weeks, babies are fed 8 times a day with a pipette. Milk must necessarily be warm (but not above 37 degrees). If you drop them on the back of your hand, you can determine the temperature. The skin should not be hot. From 1 to 2 months, you can continue to feed the kitten with milk using a nipple. After feeding, experts recommend gently massage the cat's tummy so that the digestive system works correctly.
The most important thing in feeding newborn kittens is not to overfeed the baby. An excess of milk is extremely detrimental to the fragile health of the crumbs. In a sense, it is better to underfeed the baby than to risk his condition. The vet will help determine the dosage of the food. An overly hungry kitten will announce his desire to eat with a loud, shrill squeak. He will crawl and bustle with his face everywhere, as if searching for his mom-cat.
How to teach the little one to eat
As often happens this: the little kitten was brought to the new house, where he was already equipped with all the furniture and dining facilities, but the crumb refused to eat. For babies, early weaned from the mother, this condition is natural. The kitten did not even think that there was any other food besides my mother’s milk. Even being hungry, he does not know how to eat himself and does not understand why the owner demands the impossible from him. We'll have to try to train the kitten on their own.
The best way to start with milk is the only food that the little one knows at the moment. Warm cow's milk should be heated to a comfortable temperature and fill the bowl with it. Be patient! Fluffy toddler can wander around for a long time around the bowl, sniffing the contents incredulously and periodically backing back. Help the baby. You can wet your fingers in milk, then hold them on the face of a kitten, or slightly poke him with a nose in a bowl. The neat cub will immediately start licking and sniffing, but at the same time he will enjoy the taste of warm milk. Not immediately, but after several such frauds, the kid will understand how great it is to eat himself.
It will be harder to teach a kitten to eat if the bowl is uncomfortable or not too clean, containing foreign odors. The ideal cat's plate should smell like fresh, warm food, do not slide on the floor and not force the pet to take an uncomfortable body position.
As soon as the fluffy wreck learns to drink the milk itself, it will be possible to transfer it to cereals and baby food. A good delicacy will be meat pate for kittens, but not all kids will immediately begin to taste it. Some kids need time to tune in to get acquainted with a new food.
The owners use different tricks to make the pet eat new delicacies. Sometimes they add innovations to familiar foods, and the kitten, unknowingly, learns to different unfamiliar dishes. You can bring a new food on your finger to the face of a kitten. Sometimes the fussy gets the courage and tries what the owner has suggested.
Every happy owner should know these little things:
- A kitten of any age should always have access to clean water. Change the contents of a bowl of water should be 2-3 times a day. Sometimes wool and food residues get into the water, which is why an animal can stop drinking and suffer from thirst.
- Kittens with paws can climb into the bowl, you can not blame them for it. So kids enjoy delicious food, which gave the beloved owner. If a person scolds a pet, the fear associated with food is fixed in the cat, and this then affects the upbringing of the baby.
- If the kid regularly fulfills the need, it means that he gets enough food.
And the most important thing: no need to worry much. There are no cats who would prefer to keep their whole life on milk. Sooner or later, the pet will stop its frills and begin to try new things.
How does a cat feed its offspring?
If a kitten is raised by an adult cat, then it quickly becomes independent. About two months, the kittens eat mother's milk, but if their development and adaptation occurs confidently, the cat wean the kittens from milk much earlier. At the age of 3-4 months, kittens are able to eat independently, separately from the mother.
Normally, kittens can suck a cat up to 6-8 weeks, and in this case it is important to monitor the cat itself. She should receive good nutrition and rest so that all the kittens have enough milk, and it does not lose its beneficial properties. If the cat does not receive all that is necessary, she is quickly exhausted and can get sick, at such moments the maternal instinct of the cats works, and the instinct of self-preservation takes second place. The cat must be temporarily taken away from the kittens, monitor its nutrition, inject vitamins into food, or make calcium injections.
If the kitten is left without cat care
Cat milk can be replaced with cow's milk, preheated to 37 degrees. Until the kitten is 2 weeks old, it needs to be fed 8 times a day, the usual medical pipette will make the feeding process more convenient for both the owner and the animal. The pipette can be replaced with a special small bottle with a dummy, it can be purchased at a veterinary pharmacy. When a kitten is hungry, it is easy to recognize, it will squeak and nudge in search of milk.
How to help a kitten eat independently?
At the age of 1.5 months, the kittens are not smart, and sometimes this is an obstacle to learning self-feeding. When a kitten is brought up by a cat, she shows him by example how to eat properly, pushes him to the bowl, gives the necessary calmness and safety. Curious kittens sniff the cat and her face after she drinks milk, and can even lick her. This serves as a signal that the kitten is ready to eat independently - he is not afraid of new events and changes.
A motherless kitten is more restless and cautious, he will be afraid to approach the bowl. Initially, you need to caress and calm the animal, to make it clear that nothing threatens it. The next step: you need to show the animal that there is a treat in the bowl, which he will like. You can soak a finger in the milk from the bowl and smear the kitten's mouth, then gently send the muzzle to the bowl. Bowl should be comfortable for a kitten, suitable for its growth.
At what age can a kitten be given complementary foods?
A kitten that grows without a cat, most often by the age of 3 weeks is ready to eat on its own. First you need to check. In a small saucer you need to pour warm milk of no more than a tablespoon; if the kitten is ready to eat himself, he will start drinking it. Of course, the first independent meal will be accompanied by a loud snort, dirty muzzle, but this is how the kitten learns to eat without the help of a pipette.
A few days later, you can add a little infant formula to the milk so that the body can get all the necessary vitamins and trace elements. Complementary foods will provide good nutrition and development necessary for the growth and good health of the animal.
If the milk supply is successful, by 6-8 weeks you can enter the feed in the form of canned meat, chicken broth or specialized food for kittens. Initially portions of complementary foods should be small, they need to be increased gradually.
Nutrition kittens, appropriate to their age
Most owners of cute kittens believe that as soon as the animal begins to eat on its own, it is not necessary to follow the diet. But this opinion is wrong, improper diet, which does not correspond to the age of the animal, can cause serious problems with digestion.
Basic rules that are important to consider:
- When the kitten is one month old, its food should still be liquid, since it does not yet have teeth. В этом периоде идеально подойдут детские смеси, жидкая манная каша, желток сваренный всмятку. Мясные и рыбные пюре разрешены, но только в виде жидкого пюре.
- В возрасте двух месяцев котенок полностью и без посторонней помощи способен питаться, даже, если он был воспитан человеком, а не кошкой. У животного появляются молочные зубы, благодаря которым в рацион можно включить более жесткую пищу. But for a comfortable and proper digestion, liquid food is not excluded. At this age, you can add a well-cooked chicken meat, cottage cheese, buckwheat or rice groats to the kitten’s menu. It is possible to offer hard-boiled yolk, fermented milk products.
- By three months you can try to introduce dry food for cats, it should be selected based on the breed and age of the cat. No need to save on feed, it is better to choose premium feed. Cheap food made from bone and meat waste, they can not provide good nutrition kitten.
- In addition to food, the kitten can taste pitted fish, offal and vegetables. It is important that the nutrition of the animal was varied, having become accustomed to one food; in adulthood, cats refuse to eat other foods.
If the owner of the animal doubts what kind of food is better to choose, you can visit the veterinarian. He, in addition to recommendations regarding nutrition, will give advice on the care and schooling of a kitten to new food.
Kittens early become independent, but it is important to provide them with all the necessary conditions for development and surround them with love.
How to teach a kitten to eat yourself?
First you need to teach the kitten to the saucer so that he can eat from it himself. First, the baby can walk in circles around the bowl, smelling the familiar smell. Help him determine where he is coming from. Poke pet muzzle in saucer. If he did not immediately understand what to do, but showed interest in food, try again several times. After some time, the pet will begin to eat independently.
To teach a kitten to eat independently, you need to take into account such rules:
- To begin with, give the pet its usual food - milk. New products are introduced into his diet gradually.
- When the kitten starts to eat the milk itself, you can experiment with the density of the food and give it the semolina.
- Next to the food should always be water, updated as pollution.
- Do not overfeed pet. If the kitten is hungry, he will loudly meow, try to find the cat.
To teach a kitten to eat from a bowl, it will take several weeks. Only after that you need to take the following steps to train the baby.
What to feed the kitten?
Just feeding the kitten with milk is not enough. He should receive with food all the necessary micronutrients and vitamins for normal development. The diet of the baby, when he is ready to eat on his own, should look like this:
- Liquid cereals with milk (semolina, ground buckwheat).
- Milk products.
- Boiled chicken or turkey, divided into small pieces.
- Thin slices of meat, treated with boiling water.
- Small pieces of boiled fish. The bones are previously removed.
The kitten should not be given fatty meat, sweet, flour, raw fish, smoked products. They can harm his health.
In the first months of life the kitten can eat up to 7 times. At the same time, he eats up to 10 milliliters of milk or a couple of pieces of other food with each approach. Gradually the portions grow, and the number of meals can remain the same or decrease.
How to teach a kitten to a new feed?
If you want your baby to eat natural food, diversify its menu. Teaching a kitten is a new feed is a fairly simple process, if you follow these recommendations:
- New food is introduced gradually.
- Small portions of new food are added to the one that has become familiar to the kitten.
- If the baby has not tasted a new treat, you can try to feed him with a finger.
- Starting to eat independently, your pet can refuse the offered food. In this case, it is better to try to introduce something else into the diet.
The same scheme is valid for the transition to dry food. It is impossible to mix natural food and factory feed, but if you want to transfer your pet, who begins to eat independently, to dry food, you will have to deviate from this rule for a while.
In order for the baby to begin to eat its own dry food, you need to mix a small amount of it in crushed form with the main pet food.
Gradually, the amount of finished feed increases, replacing natural food completely. Do not forget that in this case, the animal needs more water.
Why can a kitten refuse to eat?
Sometimes the kitten refuses to eat independently. This may be due to the fact that you started teaching him too early. In this case, it is better to return to feeding from a pipette or with the help of a cat. After some time, you can return to the science of independent nutrition.
The baby will not be able to start eating on its own if the bowl is too uncomfortable. It may be large or glide over the floor. Buy for him a bowl that will fit his size. and be stable on the floor. Then the little animal will feel comfortable and more willing to start eating.
The baby may not like the food if it is too hot or cold. It is better to feed him food at room temperature. In addition, the animal may have health problems due to which it cannot eat on its own. At the first sign indicating this, contact your veterinarian.
A few more rules ...
There are quite a few opinions about what is best for a small pet and how to begin its training for self-feeding. But there are rules that need to be considered in any case:
- The bowl should be clean and comfortable.
- There should always be water near the food.
- Feed the animal according to its age and needs. If necessary, you can give him vitamins. But first consult your veterinarian.
- If the baby goes to the toilet regularly, it means he has enough food.
- Do not force to eat.
- Do not mix dry food and natural food (unless it is necessary to switch from one food to another).
- After eating your pet, you can massage the tummy to start the mechanism of digestion of unusual food.
- A clear separation between the game and feeding zones is required.
Compliance with these rules will help your pet develop normally and grow healthy. Teaching a kitten to eat alone is not always easy.
You must be patient with this process and notice all the changes that are happening to it. This will help you competently make a diet and in time to introduce a new food in the menu.
If you have something wrong, you can always contact your veterinarian. He will tell you when the animal will be ready for independent feeding and will help you choose the right food that will saturate its body with essential vitamins.