Urolithiasis in cats and cats


A pet is not only a good and fun time, comfort in the house and a true friend. Cats become the object of care and care, because they themselves are not always able to take care of themselves, especially when it comes to their health. Therefore, urolithiasis in cats is a rather dangerous moment in the life of some animals that you need to know, as well as understand what are the treatment options for the disease and its prevention.

Urolithiasis, also called urolithiasis, can be interpreted as the formation and accumulation of sand or stones (large sediment) in the kidneys or in the bladder. These accumulations are concentrated in the urethra or ureters, resulting in urolithiasis. Due to the movement of sand in the body, blood is released into the urine.. This disease is inherent in almost 25 percent of cats.

What animals are more vulnerable

First of all, the symptoms of ICD manifest as a result of metabolic disorders in the cat's body, which mainly causes the formation and accumulation of sand. However, analyzing the articles of scientists who studied these processes, it can be noted that Some groups of cats become victims of the inflammatory process more often. These include:

  • cats, because the diameter of their urethra is smaller
  • non-sterilized cats or neutered cats,
  • animals aged two to six years
  • cats belonging to the breed with long hair,
  • overweight felines.

Causes of Cat Disease

All the reasons that serve as a trigger relative to the beginning of such an inflammatory process can be divided into internal and external. If the second group includes such factors as nutrition, climate and biochemistry, then the first one can include a much larger list of undesirable factors. All of them depend individually on the cat's physiology, its genetics and developmental features, and one or another cause of urolithiasis in cats cannot be defined as common for all representatives. These usually include such circumstances of the disease.:

  1. hormonal failure when the cat's parathyroid glands are disrupted
  2. special anatomy of a cat when there is a certain deviation of the structure of the urethra
  3. pathological diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
  4. the tendency to urolithiasis, as a feature, is inherited,
  5. microorganisms that act as pathogens.

The first symptoms of urolithiasis

These symptoms of urolithiasis in a cat are those that appear in the first stage. They are mostly quite difficult to identify, and they may be inherent in another disease. However, it is important to remember that the sooner we see them, the greater the likelihood that it will be easier for the cat to ease the suffering.

The first symptom can be considered frequent, long and painful urination of the animal, and as a result of its constant licking under the tail. Equally important is the fact that the cat goes to the toilet in the wrong place.

Mostly we perceive such cases as misconduct of an animal. With the manifestation of the disease, the general behavior of the cat will be somewhat different - the pet will become painful, sad and wilted.

More severe symptoms

If the owner of the cat did not notice the mentioned symptoms in the early stages and the treatment of urolithiasis in cats did not start on time, more serious and severe symptoms begin to appear. To them vets carry such as:

  • the cat starts to go to the toilet more often,
  • the animal practically ceases to be able to restrain its urges,
  • more blood begins to pour into the urine,
  • The cat loses weight significantly.

Manifestations of a critical condition

If the treatment of ICD in cats has not yet begun, the animal begins to experience the most difficult stage of urolithiasis. It is not recommended to start the process before such a difficult stage, because it is not only harmful to the state of health, but also the life of the animal as a whole. In such a situation, the cat stops going to the toilet altogether, she begins to have bouts of vomiting and loss of consciousness. Periodically, seizures can occur, which as a result, in the absence of decisive and instantly taken actions, can lead to a fatal end.

Diagnosis of the disease in the cat

Quite often, supporters of home treatment and opponents of special institutions for the treatment and diagnosis of the health of their pets choose a false and useless method for diagnosing urolithiasis. It is worth remembering that just put a jar of urine on the window sill and wait a few days - an unsuccessful and deceptive way. To identify the disease in a cat in time and make the correct diagnosis of the disease, you need to contact a professional..

In order to accurately examine the animal for the presence of urolithiasis, the specialist operates a variety of tools and procedures. Among which are palpation, urine test of the animal and ultrasound, normal or contrast X-ray of the body. In extreme cases, surgery is used, which can be used for diagnosis or treatment.

Basic treatment rules

After the symptoms of urolithiasis have been discovered in a cat with its own resources at home, it is necessary to provide the animal with first aid and remove an acute inflammatory attack of the disease. To do this, the usual hot water bottle, which should be applied to the stomach and crotch pet. It is strictly forbidden to massage the stomach, as this may worsen the overall situation. All further actions cannot be carried out independently, since only an experienced specialist knows all the nuances of the course of urolithiasis.

Further treatment is carried out according to the following scheme in compliance with certain standard steps.:

  • the relief of severe stage
  • restoration of impaired urine flow (a catheter is installed on a cat for urolithiasis, if the flow was stopped),
  • infusion form of therapy with droppers to combat dehydration,
  • anti-inflammatory therapy of urolithiasis,
  • choice of treatment method (conservative or surgical).

Conservative treatment

It is strictly forbidden to decide how to treat a cat for urolithiasis at home, since only a veterinarian is able to find the right method of treatment and the appropriate drugs. With this method, attention is paid to the removal of symptoms with special preparations and antispasmodics, and the stones are trying to be dissolved with the help of an appropriate diet. The advantage of this method lies in its lighter consequences and lesser severity for the animal, however, it does not fully guarantee the dissolution of the stones.

Surgical treatment of urolithiasis

This method of dealing with urolithiasis is that specialists inject a cat under general anesthesia and try to remove all stones from the animal’s body as carefully as possible. In addition, they must take this coarse sand for analysis in order to accurately determine the cause of the disease and fight it. In the presence of fine sand, the organs are rinsed through a dedicated catheter. This method, although tolerated by animals more difficult, however, is more accurate.

Used drugs for urolithiasis

All veterinarians use the general prescribed principle of treatment of urolithiasis, therefore, the drugs they use are mostly identical. It should be noted that the most popular are:

  • Stop Cystitis - relieves crystallization and pain,
  • Furinaide - forms a film on the mucous membrane of the bubble,
  • Urotropin - increases membrane permeability,
  • Coterwin - removes salt and dissolves stones
  • Actovegin - accelerates metabolism,
  • Nitroxoline - destroys microbes and viruses.

However, to use each of them or not, the specialist himself decides, since there may be an allergic reaction in the animal. In addition, not every drug is suitable for use at any stage of urolithiasis.

Prevention of urolithiasis

The main goal of preventive measures is to prevent the formation and development of the disease, and in our case - urolithiasis. That is why it is worth knowing about a number of ways to prevent your pet from illness and extend the period of a happy and carefree existence of a cat. Prevention of urolithiasis in cats consists of such rules:

  • you need to give your pet to drink more fluids,
  • the weight of the animal should be maintained and not allowed to lose weight,
  • for consulting a doctor, you should choose the right diet for the animal,
  • take appropriate measures to establish the work of the gastrointestinal tract,
  • necessary to maintain a constant and optimal temperature where the animal lives.

It is worth remembering that not everyone can take care of themselves on their own. If we can visit the doctor ourselves, our pets need our support. Therefore, it depends on one animal owner how the struggle with urolithiasis will occur.

Causes of urolithiasis in a cat

The reasons why stones are formed and deposited in the urethra, bladder, renal tubules and in the renal pelvis, are external (exogenous) and internal (endogenous).

The first, external, are:

If the apartment is overheated, the cat's urine becomes more concentrated due to the fact that the quality of the filtration of the primary urine decreases.

The composition of the soil, air and, especially, water also directly affects the health of the cat. See which chain looms: water saturated with lime salts leads to a decrease in urine pH, and this in turn leads to the accumulation of excess calcium salts and here they are, kidney stones in a cat!

- the more protein in your pet's bowl, the more concentrated the urea in his urine. But the lack of protein does lead to the same urolithiasis. In matters of nutrition, you need to stick to the golden mean, and we will describe this below.

- vitamin hunger. Lack of vitamins, in particular, vitamin A (vegetable oil, carrots, liver, yolk, greens) adversely affects the epithelial cells of the urinary system.

Internal factors leading to the development of diseases of the genitourinary system in cats:

If the function of the parathyroid glands is impaired, the level of calcium in the blood will be unstable and its concentration in the blood and in the urine will increase.

  • cat's own anatomy

It often happens that a particular animal has a special anatomy of the structure of the urethral canal, because of which inhibition of urine occurs.

  • pathology of the gastrointestinal tract

Disruption of the digestive process leads to colitis and gastro problems. Because of these diseases, the pH of the body changes and calcium is not excreted from the intestines. The result - yes, urolithiasis.

  • genetic predisposition
  • microorganisms and viruses

Infection from the outside or from the intestines or genitals becomes the nucleus for sticking crystals and future structural changes.

  • struvites. Phosphate stones are found in 80% of cases of urolithiasis.
  • oxalates (salts of calcium and oxalic acid). Oxalates are more common in older animals.

Signs of urolithiasis in cats

In order to understand that the disease is beginning to manifest pay attention to the symptoms.

The first symptoms (light) urolithiasis:

  • frequent licking under the tail,
  • frequent urination,
  • long urination,
  • hint of blood in the urine,
  • complaints of the cat when going to the toilet,
  • urine flows like a thin stream
  • the cat goes to the toilet in the wrong places,
  • changing cat behavior.

  • painful and frequent urination;
  • urinary incontinence,
  • blood in the urine
  • cat depression
  • obvious weight loss.

  • the cat does not go to the toilet for a little at all,
  • loss of consciousness,
  • vomiting
  • convulsions.

Treatment of urolithiasis in cats

If you notice the first symptoms of urolithiasis in a cat, then even before going to the veterinarian you can render first aid to an animal and relieve an acute attack.

To do this, put a warm heating pad on the belly and crotch of your pet.

In no case do not massage the stomach, so as not to worsen the condition of the cat and not to provoke complications.

Home treatment is excluded. Consider, if you delay the trip to the doctor, the animal may die in two or three days.

  • relief of acute phase
  • recovery of urine outflow (removal of a stone or sand with a catheter, sometimes it is an operation),
  • infusion therapy. Droppers put to relieve intoxication and in order to remove dehydration,
  • anti-inflammatory therapy,
  • anti-infective therapy.

Depending on the size and number of stones, surgical (surgery) or conservative treatment may be suggested.

Surgery ICD in cats involves the introduction of an animal into general anesthesia and allows not only to remove the stones as much as possible, but also to take them for analysis in order to determine the cause and exclude the possibility of re-formation. In the presence of sand, the doctor may suggest washing the bladder through the catheter with special antibacterial solutions - this procedure is also performed under general anesthesia.

Conservative method treatment of urolithiasis in cats is to relieve the symptoms of painkillers, antispasmodics and an attempt to dissolve the stones with a special diet, drugs. This method is more gentle than surgery, but there is a risk that the stones will not dissolve.

What method can be preferred only by a doctor based on the general condition of your cat, the type of stones that have been formed, their number and other factors.

At home, you should strictly adhere to the regime and recommendations of the doctor to avoid deterioration and relapse. Most likely, you will be given a course of antibiotics, will be told about a special diet, and will be prescribed to retake urine and blood for analysis.

After the cat's urolithiasis has receded, the doctor must prescribe a diet and schedule a follow-up.

Preparations for treating ICD in a cat

Of course, veterinarians use the main protocols for the treatment of ICD in cats, but we are sure that in each of the protocols there are such therapeutic drugs:

Bio-suspension reduces crystallization due to its composition: lingonberry leaves, nettle, barberry, licorice root. By the way, this drug can also serve as anesthetic.

The drug, which is often prescribed concomitant with antibiotic therapy, because it contains benzoic acid, which enhances the action of antibiotics.

The diuretic effect of "urotropin" and its ability to increase the permeability of cell membranes accelerates the process of elimination of toxins.

The feed additive reduces the acidification of the body and helps the cat to recover more quickly after treatment.

Gel drops form a protective film on the bladder mucosa.

The components of this drug bind phosphates, which the cat receives from food and reduces their availability.

The homeopathic remedy works both as an anti-inflammatory, and as an antispasmodic, and as a diuretic.

Water extraction of medicinal plants has a salt and cum-dissolving effects.

The composition of natural bee milk and biologically active substances.

The drug shows itself well in the late stages of the development of ICD in cats, while it improves the functioning of the digestive system.

An Indian remedy that copes well with cystitis, has shown itself to be a duet with antibiotics.

Often this drug is prescribed when persistent dysuria is observed.

This synthetic agent has an antimicrobial effect.

Injections of this strong drug activate cellular metabolism, and therefore, the metabolic processes are enhanced.

How to feed a cat with oxalate

When oxalate stones need to monitor the intake of oxalic acid into the cat's body. This means that you need to give less pet by-products (liver, kidney), less to offer calcium-containing food (cheese, cottage cheese, milk).

But beets, cauliflower, rice - products are useful in this case.

Ready-made cat food with oxalate urolithiasis:

  • Hill’s Prescription Diet Feline X / D
  • Eukanuba Oxalate Urinary Formula
  • Royal Canin URINARY S / O LP34

Read about quality feeds:

Diet with struvite

With phosphate stones, it is important to translate the alkaline urine into acidic. Therefore, egg yolk, cheese, cottage cheese, and milk are banned. Recommended: egg white, oatmeal, rice, liver, beef, boiled veal.

  • Hills Prescription Diet Feline S / D
  • Hill’s Prescription Diet C / D
  • Eukanuba Struvite Urinary Formula

IMPORTANT! All ready-made food is not suitable for everyone, so even a ready-made meal is prescribed by a veterinarian.


IMPORTANT TWO! Forget about cheap feed. The consequences of such a savings - the loss of an animal!

And further. Do not harbor illusions - your cat is sick. Even if doctors pulled him out of the acute phase, urolithiasis never goes away. Но она может очень долго не проявлять себя (а то и никогда больше), если вы поймете, что диета отныне – это образ жизни вашего животного и не будете так же забывать про регулярную диспансеризацию.

Питание профилактическое

Что делать, чтобы никогда не столкнуться с такой проблемой, как мочекаменная болезнь кошки или кота?

Гарантировать, что ваше животное избежит МКБ не может никто (смотри главу выше «Причины возникновения мочекаменной болезни у кошек»). Но можно сделать все от себя зависящее, чтобы перекрыть этой болезни доступы к питомцу. Итак, что касается питания:

  1. Следите за количеством питья – его должно быть много
  2. Watch the quality of the drink - the water should be clean and soft
  3. Change diet more often. Monotonous foods rich in salts (fish, seafood) - disturber of the feline organism
  4. Reduce calorie meal
  5. Vitamins should be on the menu necessarily
  6. If you practice feeding with ready-made feeds, then choose diets specialized for neutered cats, spayed cats and diets designed for the prevention of ICD.

Health to you and your pet!

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What cats are at risk

According to statistics, cats most often suffer from urolithiasis in 5 years.

The risk group includes:

  • males,
  • age category 2 - 6 years,
  • obese animals
  • long-haired breeds
  • males after sterilization,

Urolithiasis is considered to be a disease of cats. In females, the width of the urethra is greater, so the risk of the appearance of pathology is reduced.

The disease has genetic roots, is chronic, with acute relapses.

Hidden flow can last up to 2 years, after which an aggravation occurs and it is difficult to do without an operation.

Factors of urolithiasis

On this ultrasound, you can see urolithiasis in the cat. Although cats are much less likely to suffer from this disease than cats.

The appearance of sand and stones in the pelvic organs depends on several components. These components, in turn, are divided into external and internal.

External factors

Water quality plays a direct role in the development of urolithiasis in cats.

The list of external factors include:

  • climatic conditions - on how hot it is in the house, the urine becomes more concentrated and its filtration through the kidneys becomes impossible,
  • fluid quality - the presence of salts in water leads to the accumulation of salts in the urine and, as a consequence, the formation of stones,
  • nutrition - excess or lack of proteins in food leads to accelerated concentration of urine,
  • vitamin deficiency, vitamin deficiency - lack of vitamins provokes the lack of nutrition of the epithelium, accelerating its destruction.

Internal factors

Predisposition to urolithiasis can be transmitted genetically.

Factors acting from within the body are called internal or endogenous. These include:

  • hormonal disorders,
  • anatomy feature
  • gastrointestinal disorder,
  • heredity,
  • infections, viruses.

Causes of urolithiasis in cats

Formed stones of two types: struvite and oxalate.

Struvites were removed after surgery to treat urolithiasis.

The most common cause of urolithiasis is a metabolic disorder.

Minerals entering the cat's body react with slags. Dying bladder cells become foci for the appearance of crystals. Passing through the urinary canals, the crystals injure their mucous membranes. An excessive amount of such crystals is the cause of the blockage of the lumen, a hindrance to the exit of the urine. The kidneys continue to produce urine, but it accumulates in the lumen, which causes poisoning of the whole organism, leading to severe intoxication.

The peak of the disease occurs in autumn and spring. The presence of inflammatory processes in the kidneys, liver, gastrointestinal tract has a significant role in the appearance of pathology. The consequence of these processes may be the formation of crystals.. Individual predisposition is also a significant factor in the development of the disease.

Features of the anatomy - too narrow the lumen of the urethra, which complicates the withdrawal of fluid, forming a "congestion".

Symptoms and diagnosis

Symptoms of urolithiasis.

Diagnose the presence of stones or sand in the laboratory, but at home you can make a preliminary diagnosis on some grounds.

  1. The cat often urinates, sometimes uncontrollably, sometimes with difficulty and in small portions.
  2. During urination behaves restlessly.
  3. Urine darkens, gets a reddish tint, or there is blood in it.
  4. The animal tries to move less, refuses to feed, water.
  5. Due to the small waste of urine belly becomes larger.
  6. Intoxication of the body occurs, vomiting begins.
  7. The temperature rises to 39-40 degrees. It is aggravated with convulsions, trembling of the whole body.

Such symptoms indicate a long-term illness for at least 1–2 years. It is important to avoid severe forms, constantly undergo a veterinary inspection, otherwise death rate is 80% . With timely diagnosis and treatment, the prognosis is favorable. A full clinical picture is a veterinarian on the basis of visual inspection and laboratory tests.

Treatment and diet for cat

Therapy of urolithiasis is carried out comprehensively, using radical methods in the form of surgical removal of stones and cleansing the urogenital tract from the sand.

Entering the catheter through the ducts into the bladder under general anesthesia.

The period of treatment is difficult and long, requires considerable effort on the part of the attending physician and the owner of the cat. The first emergency aid is the possibility of free urine output. A catheter is inserted through the ducts into the bladder, under general anesthesia. Difficulty entering a catheter - an indication for immediate surgery, during which the catheter is inserted and left for 1-2 weeks.

Intensive treatment involves the use of symptomatic therapy: analgesic drugs, antispasmodics. Anti-inflammatory, antibiotics, immunostimulants, diet. Along with the use of drugs of a narrow focus, drugs that support the work of the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal tract are shown. Using a dropper to compensate for the lack of fluid and blood.



Drugs commonly used in the treatment of ICD with the possibility of urine patency: nitroxoline tablets, Healthy Kidney phytoelite, phytolysin solution, neurovital tablets, baralgin injections.

In more complex cases, with surgical treatment, therapy is indicated: amoxicin and baralgin injections. Inside - phytoelite "Healthy kidneys", phytolysin. Catheterization is carried out with the use of an anesthetic duet in the form of drugs xylazine, ketamine.

To clean and prevent infection, metragil solution with saline is injected into the catheter. During the rehabilitation period, fortifying therapy is required. Used cotterwin, nefrokat, renal powder, suspension or tablets "Stop Cystitis" tablets "Urinari tract support."

What to feed the cat with urolithiasis at home

The purpose of the diet in urolithiasis depends on the type of stones in the urogenital system of the animal.

The presence of oxalates prevents oxalic acid from entering the body. It is found in the liver, kidney, tea. Calcium-containing foods are restricted: dairy, dairy products.

In veterinary clinics sell special food for cats that have urolithiasis.

Recommended saturate the body with alkali which is contained in beets, legumes, cauliflower. Showing products, magnesium rich : peas, boiled meat, fish, rice, other types of cereals. Exclude completely dry food, use meat and fish canned food.

Struvite Damage

Struvite damage involves the elimination of food saturated with calcium and its compounds. This group includes: dairy and fermented milk products, egg yolk.

Recommended: boiled beef, egg white. In the diet you can include: boiled young veal, rice, carrots.

Special food for cats and cats with urolithiasis.

It is allowed to dilute: oatmeal, liver, cabbage. Use canned meat and fish food. Dry food - only medicinal, with the presence of useful additives for the cat. The diet should be coordinated with the doctor and strictly adhere to the regime and norms of feeding.

Throughout the rehabilitation periodically exercise urine laboratory test , exercise strict control of the animal's well-being. Combining ready-made dry or canned food in the same container with homemade food is strictly prohibited.

The first days after surgery

We specially picked up such a picture. Quarantine after surgery must be strictly observed!

The first few weeks after surgery require strict quarantine of the animal. Balanced diet, prohibition of leaving the house, contact with other animals. Do not allow "accidental" food, food outside the regime. Do not skip the mandatory medication indicated for rehabilitation.

As for me, in most cases, this problem occurs in animals whose owners improperly care for their pets. If you feed a good meal, constantly pour some water and monitor the change in the state of the cat, then the problems will be much less.

Strongly disagree! I picked a mongrel cat outside and donated a British kitten. At the age of three months, he collected urine for analysis (among other tests, because he did not like the condition of the mucous membranes). Bottom line: struvity +. I fed only super-premium food! He drinks enough water (there are bowls in all corners), once a month - an examination by a veterinarian. Transferred to a more expensive food for the prevention of urolithiasis. Imported, bought directly from the manufacturer (I often go abroad), medicines and food additives - everything was there! Bottom line: struvity ++++. The answer of veterinarians in St. Petersburg and in Moscow: the anatomy of this.

We do not give our cat dry food at all. It seems to me that all problems are from them. We feed him only natural food, the one that we eat. Well, of course, taking into account his body.

This is the right decision, and we have ruined our pet with premium dry food because the veterinarians advised

And I, too, fed only natural food, as a result, the ureter and the operation were megasorptionally clogged. Now it is moving away, and there are no predictions either. They pulled out a pile of stones lined up in the ureter one after another. So feed is not the reason for everything. My adored softly poppies — here and the result. A pile of protein and magnesium

on the street, cats heal themselves - they find the grass they need and cure for it, besides insect food and other animals are also good for them! Alas, in urban conditions, cats are deprived of this, and therefore suffer!

on the street, cats just die and that's all.

And then - the cat is gone. Not lost, but died somewhere. Street - there is a street. No one cuts off his fate. and even more so than he is "treated" there.

My cat is half home, half street. he does not like the tray and he goes to the toilet outside, often he asks to take a walk. he is an “earthen” cat, homemade carpets do not suit him. feeds at home, on the street of birds, catches insects. as a result, an operation has now taken place. Therefore, I do not think that its habitat plays such an important role.

Well, who to believe? Every vet speaks differently. If premium dry food kills our family members, so why do vet doctors themselves recommend them. Now our cat is suffering from ICD, and about our condition, I generally keep quiet. I did everything that was recommended. Food, diet, etc. and etc. Once in half a year, visit for a medical examination. So what! Now he has stones, a urinary catheter and a bunch of drugs that he has to prick. I find only one answer. We are simply “milked” in veterinary clinics and a week of tests and so on and so on lie. It is terrible that among veterinarians come across ... ..

Buy in a regular pharmacy KANEFRON N and the first 3 days, let's take 1 tab. 3 times a day, then 1 tab. 2 times a day, at least 2 weeks. He will start writing and sand will be released with urine. Plant for a month only for Urinar feed, and later you can give other feed, but urinari should always be in the diet for prevention. Be healthy.

My Kitty was treated, with a catheter and antibiotics, but he did not feel better. I translate it for medicinal food, refuses to eat it. I do not know what to do

If you give, what did you write help?

How to give? The food will not have me for sure.

Natalia, thank you so much for recommending Canefron! Thanks to your recommendation, I pulled the cat from the "other world". The cat was almost already dying: he did not eat, did not drink, blood appeared on the places where the cat was sitting, lay for a day on the balcony with almost no movement. As soon as I read about the drug, I immediately bought and started to drink. Watered him by force. Today is the fifth day. The cat began to drink until it eats, began to go to the toilet, became more active and I know that everything will be fine now. Thank you very much!

After Uriariy you need to gradually introduce another feed. Five days before the end of the course, URINARIUM enter 10% for a new one, that is, subtract 10% from the UNR rate and enter a new 10%. Otherwise, a sharp transition from feed to feed may again lead to a relapse of the CMB. And this is again the painful urination of a cat, and preparations of injections. And it also happens that the old food that the pet used to feed on will also now cause relapse. Therefore, constant monitoring of the cat's reaction to food. She herself treated the cat for 3 courses in a row, until she realized that switching to the old feed after treatment leads to a new aggravation. Now, after the urinaria, which periodically still needs to be given, we introduce feed for sterilized and neuter (we have been neutered). Our ICD started after cystitis, lay in a draft. It is necessary to analyze what stones, the treatment is just the opposite and diet (some stones from alkali arise, others from acid). Nutrition plays an important role in the treatment. And even Kanefron did not help us, on the contrary, the cat shouted, constantly sat down everywhere, not reaching the pot, wrote drop by drop. Before this drug, the cat drop by drop but walked, a new tray. I also tried 2 times in the treatment, then I realized that it made him even worse, terrible attacks. I canceled and only Kothervin, 3 ml 2 times a day, I treated two packs (3 pieces) for the first 3 days 1 r / d, Papaverina injection 2 r / d. Furagin also helped a little. Because of the return to the old poop, I had to start everything on a new one. And if from the very beginning of the treatment, after the veterinary examination and analysis, only Uinariy and Kothervin were given, one was cured very quickly, and here, primary cystitis was confused, I had to treat it, and then its consequence ICD. Health to all of our and free animals. I cured the cat, yesterday the analysis gave satisfactory results.

I read your comment yesterday, I also started to drink a cannephron cat, I don’t know whether it will go away or not ... I can see that I want to eat and drink ... It will approach the cup, bend, then sit down and sit near the cup ... It wants to go to the toilet, but it can’t go ... put, but read that and it may not help ... Let's see how the cannephron will go away or not ..

Is it even possible to distinguish a cat from urolithiasis,

We somehow drank the canephron in drops, but I don’t remember the dose. You don’t know what the flow is, if in the drops? I remember I helped, I wanted to buy and I don’t know how to dilute

It is necessary to buy Canephron. Kitty got sick, uzi showed sand in the bladder. I treat as doctors prescribed. There is no improvement yet. I feed urinari.

I agree with the opinion there is no where the truth for everyone would like to make money to make money God will judge them

Three years ago there were ICD problems, the condition of the cat was very poor, they watered both drops and tablets from the ICD and injections of antibiotics and antispasmodics, the condition was terrible if the cat decided to give Dixmethasone injection, it had a weight of 5 kg, a urologist had 0.6 ml three days it became easier and everything returned to normal, but after three years it began again, I sing now with nefroket and prick ceftriaxone 1ml, I think again it is impossible to do without harmon

Hello, I want to know, I have a sphinx, how better and than to use fleas and ticks for these cats

Buy him a collar, drops from fleas, well, and an overalls with impregnation antibloshinoy. So surely! And in January flea cats hunt bald cats very much. Take care of the poor man!

Lavender oil in half with water, at the withers))))

Drinking gel aloe vera from the company LR helps percent, if the cat ICD to drink the gel constantly for prevention, and there will be no problems.

Good day. I picked up the cat. Apparently BM-sterilized and brought up ... just a miracle. Grafted, processed. Six months later, an attack of ICD. The veterinarian immediately appointed KotErvin-drank three (!) Packages in a row (pipette saw, tail angel). It seems to let go. Now we drink it on a bottle every month for prevention. In nutrition, capriciousness is very much not so buried and is removed with an offended look. Usually the Heifer eats boiled chicken or turkey breast with boiled carrots or beets (they need to be moistened with a little wean-Brit), anti-wool gel is sometimes JimCetUrinari (recommended by K. Fedin in the clinic) and thermostat yogurt 1.5% (sometimes we replace 1-3% with yogurt ). In the bowl always defended water. I read on the talk forum and am very afraid for the tail. And in clinics and doctors there is inconsistency ....

Can you please tell me the ICD cat, recommend taking a picture and after that prescribe treatment, how to be in this situation for the first time

Hello…. my cat has MBK ... I walked with a catheter for 5 days .... I almost did not get up ... I received treatment with antibiotics ... ..olex and cotterwin ... the catheter was removed, but now the cat urinates anywhere ........ tell me what to do.

Если нужна помощь профессионального диетолога в подборе ветеринарной диеты при МКБ в Санкт-Петербурге, рекомендую обращаться в Клинику ветеринарной стоматологии и пластической хирургии доктора Гиль на проспекте Энергетиков, в которой работает хороший ветеринарный диетолог Беломытцева Н. В.

У нас мочился на подушки,да да!там оказывается мягко-они думают значит и не больно!поменяли лоток на очень большой и наполнитель вместо гранул древесных,насыпали меленький комкующийся песок.

Коту мейн-кун примерно 7 месяцев (купили у алкаша, поэтому не знаю точный возраст) обнаружили МКБ, не кастрирован. A therapeutic diet was prescribed (dropper, injections, etc., among others), and so, the cat for two days of treatment was happy to eat medical food with Monge Urinari wet pate. Today is the third day of treatment and the cat categorically refuses this medicinal meal. How to make a cat eat medical food? Forced infusion through a syringe does not fit. Cat large (4 kg), do not hold. Persuading does not help either. On the Internet, I read everything ... Maybe someone will tell?


Urolithiasis in cats is a chronic pathology in which a fluffy pet develops salt deposits in the form of stones or sand in one or both of the kidneys, urinary ducts or bladder. For a time, the formation of salts may not manifest itself, but over time they increase in size. The moment comes and the stone moves away from the wall of the organ and begins to move with the flow of urine. A small pebble can cause mechanical damage during the passage, causing pain in the four-legged friend. A large salt formation can clog the urinary duct, which leads to stagnant fluids, severe pain and intoxication of the animal. In this case, the lack of emergency assistance often leads to death.

It is impossible to identify the main source of the appearance of pathology. Experts have identified many factors that result in urolithiasis in cats. The causes of this pathology are mainly associated with unhealthy diet, lifestyle, care, heredity.

Most often the disease is caused by:

  • genetic predisposition
  • congenital abnormalities in the development of the urogenital system and anatomical features (too thin or long, as well as a curved urethra),
  • poor quality drinking water containing many minerals, for example, from a tap,
  • a diet with a low amount of fluid intake,
  • disorders leading to reduced metabolism,
  • dysfunction in the digestive tract,
  • mixing or alternating natural and industrial dishes (dry snacks, canned food) during the day or in one feeding most often provokes the appearance of metabolic disorders, as a result of which there is urolithiasis in cats,
  • an excessive amount of minerals in the diet, for example, with a large number of fish food or fatty foods,
  • low-quality cheap feed,
  • overfeeding leading to obesity
  • inactivity
  • infections (streptococcus, staphylococcus), injuries of the pelvic bones, inflammatory processes and neoplasms in the urinary organs.


It is quite difficult to diagnose the disease, when the pet has just started urolithiasis. Symptoms in cats and cats at the primary stage are hardly noticeable to the host. The animal simply becomes sluggish, shows less activity, eats worse and feels discomfort when urinating - these signs can not always be compared with the ICD. During this period, only urine testing will help to recognize the disease.

The number and size of formations are increasing. In the end, they begin to move, so they can partially or completely block the urinary duct. At this stage, the urolithiasis is easily diagnosed in the pet. Symptoms in cats or cats are obvious:

  • due to acute pain when urinating (dysuria), the animal meows on the tray,
  • often runs to the toilet, because he feels the constant urge (pollakiuria),
  • the filler in the tray has reddish-pink hues instead of yellowish due to the presence of blood particles in the urine (hematuria),
  • perhaps a complete cessation of urination - the animal unsuccessfully tsuzhitsya, sometimes with this there are cases of prolapse of the rectum,
  • palpation can feel that the stomach has become taut and painful,
  • uncharacteristic for an educated pet urination in an inappropriate place,
  • the symptoms of urolithiasis in cats are manifested in behavior: a furry friend behaves aggressively and fussily, trying to draw the attention of the owner, or, on the contrary, clogs into a corner and cannot jump to a height,
  • loss of appetite, rapid breathing.

Types of treatment

If the diagnosis is confirmed, the specialist prescribes a course of procedures aimed at alleviating the acute condition that causes urolithiasis in cats. He selects the treatment individually, taking into account the degree of damage, neglect of the disease, age, sex and general condition of the patient. Today there are a number of special comprehensive measures that effectively relieve from this disease and its consequences. There are two ways to solve the problem: conservative and operational.

Depending on the course of the disease and the degree of severity, a specialist can prescribe the removal of stones using a catheter (catheterization) or their surgical removal under general anesthesia. Catheterization is carried out under the action of anesthesia. First, sand or stone is removed from the urethra using a catheter, then the urethral lumen is treated with antiseptics.

Conservative treatment

Therapeutic procedures are prescribed to restore urinary outflow and relieve the inflammatory process that causes urolithiasis in cats. Treatment should not only eliminate pain, but also be aimed at prevention, excluding relapses and complications.

Obturation most often occurs due to muscle spasm, which is caused by irritation and mechanical damage to the mucous membrane of the urinary ducts. The animal is prescribed a medication course that eliminates urinary stagnation and restores the patency of the ureters. For this purpose, sedative medications and antispasmodics (baralgin, antispasmodic, atropine, and others), as well as antibiotics and homeopathy (magnesia, cantharis, apis, and others) are used. Thus, an attack of urolithiasis in the cat is stopped, and the patient's condition is improved. In combination with drugs used lumbar procaine blockade and heat.

Surgical removal of stones is the leading method of healing. Violations of the outflow of urinary fluid and kidney function, leading to hydronephrotic transformation and acute pyelonephritis attacks, hematuria, and severe pain — such complications are caused by urolithiasis in cats. The operation in most such cases is a must.

Depending on the type of formations, the veterinarian selects urethrostomy or cystotamia. In the first case, an artificial channel is created for the output, reaching the area of ​​obstruction. Cystotamia is considered a more complex abdominal surgery. It is used when the size of large urolithic formations exceeds the diameter of the urethra.

After operative measures, the outflow of urine is restored, but the animal needs an additional course of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory therapy.

Natural nutrition

Incorrect diet is one of the common causes of the onset or recurrence of ICD. The ideal option is to develop the nutrition of cats with urolithiasis with a specialist in this area. When feeding with natural dishes, vitamins A and B are additionally prescribed. For oxalate ICD, carrots, boiled eggs, white beets are recommended for pets, and cheese, cottage cheese, boiled meat and rice for struvitic ones. Food should be freshly prepared.

The use of pork, chicken, fish, sausages, canned goods and caviar should be excluded from the diet of a fluffy friend. Meals should be dietary, that is, non-acidic, low-fat, non-spicy and savory. They should not contain excess amounts of protein.


When using industrial products, it is better to feed a fluffy friend with special feeds. They have a special content of minerals, for example, phosphorus (not higher than 0.8%), magnesium (less than 0.1%). These minerals in a large number provoke the appearance of triplex phosphate stones, which are most often found in ICD. Prohibited cheap feed economy class. If the animal drinks little, it is better to soak dry snacks or refuse them in favor of special preserves for cats with urolithiasis.

There is a fairly common point of view - urolithiasis in castrated cats occurs more often than their counterparts with all sexual functions. Reliable scientific facts on this topic today do not exist, the opinions of scientists on this subject are contradictory. But you can track the connection between the ICD and the castrated animal.

Having removed the testes to his pet, the owner already puts him at risk. The fact is that after such an operation a hormonal background changes in a fluffy friend. He becomes calm, lazy, does not cry, does not mark, is not interested in cats. As you know, inactivity is one of the causes of this pathology.

In addition, the animal replaces the interest in individuals of the opposite sex addiction to food. Enhanced appetite in combination with passivity is a direct path to obesity. According to various sources, about 50–85% of overweight pets develop ICD.

The only and main way out is not to overfeed a fluffy friend. You can reduce the portion or go to low-calorie feed.

According to some scientists, neutered pets urinate less often, which causes problems in the urinary system organs. With early castration in some cats, the urethra remains narrow and stops developing. In any case, castrated animals are more prone to problems with the urinary organs.

Urolithiasis is quite an insidious and dangerous pet disease. It makes him suffer from pain, causes damage to health and in some cases even has a fatal outcome. Any suspicion of signs of urolithiasis in cats is a reason for immediate consultation with a veterinary doctor. Timely treatment, care, attention, proper nutrition and adherence to preventive rules enable a fluffy friend to continue a healthy life.

What you need to know about the ICD in cats

  • Urological syndrome (another name for urolithiasis) develops on the background of a metabolic disorder, in which various salts precipitate in the form of sand crystals or urinary stones in the feline body.
  • The risk group includes:
    • animals aged 2 to 6 years
    • cats that are overweight,
    • long-haired breeds
    • males suffer more often, because they have the urethra narrower than cats,
    • unsterilized cats that are regularly "empty" (estrus without mating and fertilization) and neutered cats.
  • The period of exacerbation of ICD in cats - in early autumn, as well as in the period from January to April.
  • The presence of sand and stones in the bladder is not necessarily the presence of kidney stones in a cat, although probably.
  • Depending on the type of precipitating salts, urinary stones in cats are most often found in the form of struvites and oxalates. Struvites are phosphate deposits and are formed more often in cats up to 6 years. They are loose, solid, appear in alkaline urine, and most often from improper and unbalanced feeding (with an excess of phosphorus and magnesium compounds). Oxalates are salts of oxalic acid. The main age of defeat is over 7 years old. More prone to Persian, Himalayan and Burmese breed. Loose, with sharp edges. The main cause of oxalate is acidification of urine with an excess of calcium.
  • It is sand and stones, passing through the ureter, irritate it, cause inflammation, pain and bleeding.

Exogenous causes:

  1. Violation of feeding conditions. With improper feeding of cats or lack of water, the metabolism is disturbed, the concentration of urine rises and its pH changes. Against this background, sand begins to form and form urinary stones of various natures.
  2. Climate and geochemical environment. Increased ambient temperature increases diuresis, and urine becomes much more concentrated than under normal conditions. If the water that cats drink is saturated with various salts, then the deposition of stones in the urine does not take long to wait.
  3. Vitamin A deficiency. This vitamin favorably affects the cells lining the bladder mucosa. In case of hypovitaminosis A, the condition of the mucous membrane worsens, which provokes ICD.

Endogenous factors:

  1. Violations in the hormonal background, which can disrupt mineral metabolism in the body with the formation of stones.
  2. Congenital features of the urinary tract anatomy.
  3. Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, in which the acid-base balance gets off and sand and stones appear in the bladder.
  4. Infections. Viruses and bacteria with their vital activity can provoke the development of the disease.
  5. Genetic predisposition. It has been proven that in cats, ICD can be inherited. More precisely, the predisposition to the disease is inherited, and any unfavorable conditions provoke pathology.
  6. Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle.
  7. Various urogenital diseases provoke signs of inflammation in the bladder, and then cystitis is complicated by stones.

How to determine that the cat is sick

If there are stones in the bladder that do not block the lumen of the ureter, and sand, the disease may be asymptomatic for a long time. When stones are already forming, the symptoms of urolithiasis in cats appear quite clearly. The intensity of the symptoms of ICD in cats can be divided into 3 degrees - the first (initial or mild) signs, symptoms are severe and critical.

  • Initial symptoms:
    • the cat very often and goes to the toilet for a long time, and can start to do it in completely wrong places (its tray just begins to be associated with pain and discomfort),
    • posture of stress during urination is noted,
    • Long licks himself under the tail,
    • urine becomes slightly pinkish,
    • sometimes when urinating a cat can meow, and it is at the end of the process,
    • the animal looks concerned.
  • Severe symptoms:
    • the urge to urinate is increasing and always painful,
    • urinary incontinence may be observed (the animal leaves wet marks where it was lying / sleeping, in long-haired cats, there may be droplets of urine with blood on the fur in the perineum),
    • the abdomen in the perineum bladder becomes painful,
    • blood is clearly visible in the urine or it is expelled in drops and a very dark color,
    • urine has a sharp concentrated odor,
    • the cat becomes depressed, lethargic, loses weight greatly, appetite is lost, is not played.
  • Critical situation:
    • the cat / cat ceases to go to the toilet on a small one at all (there are urges and they are clearly painful, attempts are made to urinate, but urine is not released),
    • the animal is constantly trembling,
    • the saliva becomes viscous, frothy, accumulates in the corners of the mouth,
    • the abdomen in the perineum becomes painful due to the strain of the bladder, from which the urine was not removed for several days,
    • vomiting from general intoxication of the body can be observed (the reabsorption of slag products from the urine begins in 24-36 hours in the absence of urination),
    • during intoxication, body temperature can fall below 37 ° C,
    • the animal loses consciousness, there can be spasms, urinary can burst.

With critical symptoms, time is spent on the clock in order to have time to save the animal's life, bringing it to a specialist.

If the main signs of urolithiasis were noticed, then it is not worth delaying with a visit to the veterinarian - with a certain course the cat / cat may die in 2-4 days. The only thing that the owner can immediately help is to eliminate spastic pain with the help of pricks to a cat no-shpa or papaverine (the dosage is the same: 1-2 mg / kg in pills or injections). Sometimes there is no time for that either.

In the clinic, the doctor first tries to empty the bladder. Next, pain medications are introduced, and a scheme is being developed on how to treat urolithiasis in a cat in this particular case. The full therapeutic course of eliminating urolithiasis in cats lasts 1-2 weeks without surgery and can take up to 3-4 weeks during surgery.

Surgery for urolithiasis is carried out according to strict indications, when it is not possible to remove stones with a catheter or with the help of conservative treatment, as well as when there is no access to laser therapy.

Algorithm of treatment of ICD by specialists:

  • anesthesia:
    • no-spa papaverine - the dosage is the same: 1-2 mg / kg in pill or intramuscular injections,
    • baralgin - 0.05 mg / kg intramuscularly (can provoke internal bleeding, therefore it cannot be abused).
  • recovery of urine outflow from the bladder, removal of stones:
    • catheterization with local or general anesthesia,
    • retrograde flushing, when the stones from the urethra are flushed into the cavity of the bladder, and the urine goes down freely,
    • surgical method (removal of stones through surgery - when the stones are large and their natural excretion is impossible),
    • a conservative method (dissolving stones and removing sand using dietary correction, special diets for cats and increasing diuresis, while simultaneously using only antispasmodics and painkillers - is used when urine flow is not difficult),
    • laser lithotripsy - laser operation involves crushing stones, which are amenable to this process, and their removal by natural means.
  • инфузионная терапия (увеличить выделение мочи (строго после восстановления акта мочеиспускания), снять интоксикацию из-за застоя мочи, восстановить животное на фоне обезвоживания):
    • глутаргин 4%+глюкоза 5% — 10 мл+5 мл дважды в сутки в течение 3-5 дней,
    • глюкоза 40%+раствор Рингера-Локка: 5 мл+50 мл капельно.
    • ветавит – по ½ саше-пакета растворить в теплой воде, молоке или смешать с едой, давать дважды в день в течение 1-2 недель.
  • антибиотикотерапия (при повышенной температуре и явных признаках бактериального заражения):
    • нитроксолин – 1/4-1/2 таб. трижды в день в течение 5- 7 дней,
    • фурадонин – суточная доза составляет 5-10 г/кг, которая разделяется на несколько приемов в сутки (2-4 раза) курсом 7-10 дней.
  • кровеостанавливающая терапия (при острой форме, когда в моче обнаруживается кровь):
    • etamzilat (dicine) - 10 mg / kg intramuscularly 1 time in 6 hours, until blood stops to appear in the urine (usually a day or two).
  • elimination of signs of the inflammatory process, treatment of urolithiasis directly (during the entire course of treatment of any of these drugs, it is important to drink enough cat):
      • Stop cystitis (100-165 rubles / pack.): 2 ml / 1 tab. Twice a day. (if the weight of the animal is up to 5 kg) or 3 ml / 2 tab. (weight more than 5 kg) within one week. Then in the same dosage, but only once a day for 5-7 days.
      • Uro-Ursi (about 150-180 rubles / 14 caps.): 1 caps. Daily for 2 weeks (1 pack per course).
      • Urotropin (about 30 rubles / fl.): 1.5-4 ml orally with water twice a day for 7-10 days.
      • Cistocour forte (about 1000 rubles / pack. 30 g): twice a day, 1 measuring spoon of the drug mixed with a wet food for 2-4 weeks, depending on the severity of the pathology.
      • Furinaide (up to 1800 rub./fl.): With any feed by two presses of the dispenser (2.5 ml) once a day for 2 weeks, then 1 press (1.25 ml) for the next 2 weeks.
      • Ipakitine (1200-1500 rub./fl.): In the morning and in the evening, 1 measuring spoon of powder (1 g) for every 5 kg of weight inwards with food or water for at least 3 months - a maximum of 6 months.
      • Kantaren (150-185 rubles / 10 ml or 50 tabl.): Inside of 1 tab. or 0.5–2 ml per muscle or subcutaneously once daily for 3–4 weeks, but not longer than 1 month. In severe conditions, the multiplicity can be increased up to 3 times a day.
      • Cotterwin (70-100 rubles / fl. 10 ml): twice a day, 2-4 ml inside during a week, then once a day at the same dosage. You can repeat the course after 3 months.
      • Nefrokat (about 250 rubles / 15 tablets): twice a day and 1 tab. / 10 kg of weight for 2 weeks. Once a quarter, the treatment course can be repeated.
      • Renal-Advance (up to 1250 rubles / fl. 40 g): 1 measured dose for every 2.5 kg of the cat’s body weight once a day by mouth with food for 1 month.
      • HIMALAYA Cystone (up to 300 rubles / flak. 60 tab.): Inside ½ or tablets twice a day at the same time for 4-6 months.
      • Urolex (180-260 rubles / fl. 20 ml): 3 times a day, 3 drops / kg of weight immediately to the root of the tongue or slightly diluted with water. Duration of admission should not exceed 1 month.
      • Phytoelite "Healthy kidneys" (about 100 rubles / pack): the first 2 days, 1 tablet every 2 hours, then three times a day, 1 tablet until the symptoms + 5-7 days pass.
      • Urological phytomines (up to 150 rubles): usually used in combination with any therapeutic drug from the ICD. 2 tablets twice a day for 10 days, depending on the severity of the disease. If necessary, the course is repeated after 7-14 days.
      • Urinari Tract Caliper (up to 800 rubles / pack. 60 tab.): At 2 tabl./day - immediately or at 1 tab. in the morning and in the evening along with the food or any favorite pet treat. Course 1-2 weeks or until persistent elimination of symptoms of the disease.

    Question answer:

    Yes, there are a number of industrial feed related to the category of treatment-and-prophylactic. It is important to remember that dry food in most cases is not suitable, because they always have a high salt content.

    If the disease is caused by oxalates, feed will do:

        • Hills Prescription Diet Feline X / D,
        • Eukanuba Oxalate Urinary Formula,
        • Royal Kannin Urinary S / O LP34.
        • Humorous urolithiasis:
        • Hill’s PD Feline K / D.

    With struvite stones:

        • Hills Prescription Diet Feline S / D,
        • Hill’s Prescription Diet C / D,
        • Royal Canin Urinary S / O High Dilution UMC34,
        • Eukanuba Struvite Urinary Formula,
        • Purina Pro Plan Veterinary Diets UR.

    For the prevention of urolithiasis feed:

        • Hill’s PD Feline C / D,
        • Royal Kannin Urinary S / O,
        • Club 4 paws Ph control,
        • Royal Kannin Urinary S / O Feline,
        • Cat Chow Special Care Urinary Tract Health,
        • Brekis Exel Cat Urinary Care,
        • Pet Time Feline Perfection.

    In general, it is necessary to exclude feeds belonging to the economy class, and use only premium (Natural Cheyz, Hills, Brit, Bozita, Happy Cat, Belkando, Gabby, Royal Canin,) and super premium (Profine Edelt Cat, Bossh Sanabel, Purina baths , Arden Grange, Kimiamo, PRO Holistic).

    If it is not possible to feed the cat with ready-made feed of industrial production, you will have to follow the diet yourself. In many ways, the nutrition of the cat with ICD will depend on what stones she had identified.

        1. It is important to limit / exclude the use of products containing calcium and its compounds - eggs and dairy products.
        2. The basis of the diet taken meat products with a minimum of vegetables, in which there is little or no calcium and alkali - Brussels sprouts, pumpkin.
        3. It is forbidden to mix ready-made industrial feed with ordinary natural food, and, both dry and wet.
        4. It is necessary to avoid monotony in natural food - do not give the same food for a long time.
        5. When detecting oxalate stones from the diet should be excluded liver, kidneys and other by-products, which contains oxalic acid.
        6. It is necessary to stimulate the pet's thirst state so that it drank a lot (to stimulate diuresis). The water in the bowl should be constantly changed to fresh, put it better away from the cup with food, organize a fountain at home (if your house).
        7. Any diet can be made from boiled beef, lamb, veal and chicken, oatmeal and rice, legumes, cauliflower, carrots and beets, lean fish with white meat.
        8. If urates were found, strong meat broths, offal, sausages (especially sausage from leaver), cheap dry food are removed from the diet.

    Important: if there is a history of urolithiasis, the diet for a cat becomes its lifelong companion! Even after the removal of the condition of exacerbation, the pathology remains and can manifest itself at any time if the preventive measures are not followed!

    At home, treating ICD is very risky! With the wrong approach and the presence of large stones may occur blockage of the ureter, which will significantly worsen the condition of the animal. The maximum safe help of the pet owner can only be anesthesia. After as soon as possible you need to take the cat / cat to the vet.

    To prevent the appearance of stones in the bladder, you must adhere to the following rules:

        • the cat must always have access to fresh, clean water,
        • monitor body weight to eliminate obesity,
        • monitor the balance of the diet, depending on the sex of the animal, age, physiological state,
        • eliminate hypothermia
        • If there is a history of ICD in the history, transfer the cat to a diet, depending on which stones were found, or start feeding with ready-made feeds.

    It is impossible to cure the whole ICD in a cat / cat with just some popular recipes. Moreover, there is a risk of improper selection of grass gatherings, that the existing stones will start their movement and be stuck in the narrow passages of the urethra or the cat's genitals, which will lead to serious consequences. At the same time, it is good to stimulate diuresis on the basis of the main treatment with herbal preparations.

        1. Mix 5 g of the following dry herbs: lavender, birch leaves, black currant leaves, hop cones, chamomile, red rose petals, plantain leaves. Add 20 g of rose hips and horsetail shoots. Take 5-7 g of the mixture and pour 380 ml of boiling water, insist 30 minutes in a water bath, strain and cool. Give 5-15 ml (depending on the size of the animal) of the resulting broth after each emptying of the bladder or attempts to do it (but at least 5 times a day). After removal of signs of exacerbation, the concentration of the decoction is reduced to 2.5 g of the mixture by 250 ml and given up to 3 times a day during the month.
        2. With a sudden kidney colic or pain in the bladder, you can try to give fresh parsley juice - ¼ tsp. in diluted with warm water and given up to 4 times a day.
        3. You can give juice of strawberries, strawberries or carrots - on an empty stomach for 1 tsp. 30 minutes before feeding (urine acidity changes).
        4. You can help the pet herbal bath with the addition of decoction of oregano, birch, chamomile, sage, dried cherries and lindens into the water (just take 1 g each, pour 500 ml of boiling water, wrap and wash for 2.5-3 hours and pour it into the container, where the cat will be dipped).

    It is enough to remember 3 main manifestations of pathology:

        • frequent, painful urination or lack of urination
        • the cat fulfills the need in the wrong place,
        • there is blood in the urine or its signs.