Animals

Suriname Pipa

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Pipa Suriname is a frog that lives in South America and is predominantly nocturnal. It can be found in Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Suriname, Brazil or Colombia. The frog spends most of its life in water bodies, only occasionally appearing on land during heavy rains, then it moves very awkwardly through a flooded tropical forest. It is noteworthy that even during a severe drought, it does not come out of the water, preferring to wait out the heat in small and almost dried puddles.

Despite the fact that this amphibian has a coarse keratinized skin and well-developed lungs - signs of a terrestrial form of existence, it does not like land. This frog prefers natural ponds with muddy bottom and muddy water. Pipa Suriname is most commonly found in slow-flow ponds and rivers belonging to the Amazon Basin. Sometimes it can be seen in the irrigation ditches of plantations.

Appearance

Many people do not like and even fear ordinary frogs. But pipa suriname has a distinct appearance. Fans can say that this frog looks like it fell under a skating rink. She is in fact very puny. Gray or brown, almost flat body with a triangular head, fixed eyes and a pair of tentacles at the mouth. The abdomen is light, sometimes with a black stripe or several white spots. At length, the adult frog can reach 20 cm.

The forelegs are almost without membranes with long fingers, on the tips of which one can see very sensitive star-shaped appendages. Because of them, the frog is called the starfinger. Another interesting anatomical feature of this animal is the absence of tongue and teeth. Pipa Surinamese usually seeks food at the bottom, turning over the front paws of the silt. The back ones are long and strong, their fingers are connected by membranes, which allows the frog to move beautifully in the water. It should be noted that in addition to such an ugly appearance, pipa has a sharp, very unpleasant smell, resembling sulfuric. Nevertheless, many amphibian lovers prefer to keep this exotic animal at home in an aquarium. What caused such a desire?

Pairing

Pipa Suriname is a beautiful mother, and it’s very interesting to watch her carry babies. Mating occurs only during the rainy season. It all starts with a mating dance. The male makes a metallic clicking sound, invoking the female. Soon, she begins to throw eggs, and the male fertilize them and press them with the help of the breast and hind legs to the female's back, painstakingly distributing the eggs to the cells. It is there that small pips will live and develop for two and a half months.

The cells themselves are deep - about 1.5 cm, and the size of the egg is up to 7 mm. Cell walls contain a huge number of blood vessels. The protruding part of each egg is covered with a dense horny layer. Mating can last a day, then the male considers his mission accomplished and leaves. Tadpoles for 11-12 weeks will be in such a "kindergarten", where everything is provided - protection, food and the ideal temperature.

Breeding

The Suriname pipa, whose reproduction is much different from spawning other frogs, can lay more than 100 eggs and then carry them all on itself for about 85 days. The total weight of egg-laying is approximately 385 grams.

For a frog, this is a pretty big figure. At the end of the term, fully formed young pips leave their cells. The remains of the skin of the frog removes. For this, she rubs her back against plants or stones. Shortly after molting, a new skin appears.

Homemade content

To get this miracle of nature at home, you need to carefully prepare. For this frog you need an aquarium with a volume of at least 100 liters, but it is better to buy 200-300 liters. The next step is to select a filter. The water in the aquarium should be warm (about 26 degrees) and well aerated.

At the bottom you can pour fine gravel, and decorate the aquarium itself with live or artificial algae. Feed the Suriname pipa easy. Moth, earthworms and small fish are perfect for this purpose. Lovers who want to breed such unusual animals, you should know that puberty in these frogs comes at the age of 6 years.

Conclusion

Once, when he saw for the first time, the Suriname pipa in an extraordinary way taking care of his offspring, Boris Zakhoder wrote a beautiful poem dedicated to her motherly feeling. So this frog became famous.

Many admire the maternal instincts of a cat or dog, but nature not only rewarded them with excellent parental qualities. And let the male of Suriname pipa not take care of her offspring, like a listolaz frog, for example, the female does an excellent job alone, providing her children with all the most necessary things.

In the end, I would like to note, no matter how mommy looks - beautiful or ugly, for her children, she still remains the most wonderful and beloved.

Suriname pipa - description, structure and photo.

The appearance of the Suriname pipa is quite unusual. An almost quadrangular body has a length of 12–20 cm and is so flattened that it often resembles a piece of parchment or a broken leaf of a tree. Moreover, males are smaller than females and have a more flattened body. The head of the Suriname pipa is triangular in shape and is also strongly flattened. Bulging eyes very tiny, devoid of eyelids, located almost near the mouth.

Author photo: Sahaquiel9102

Suriname pipa differs from its close relatives, spur frogs, by the complete absence of teeth. The tongue of pipa is also not observed. Before the eyes and in the corners of the mouth, this amphibian has skin patches slightly resembling tentacles. A distinctive feature of males of Suriname pipa is a characteristic triangular bone box in the pharynx area.

The body of the Suriname pipa is covered with a rough, wrinkled skin of yellowish, gray or blackish-brown color. The amphibian belly is colored somewhat lighter, sometimes decorated with white spots or a black stripe running along the abdomen. The skin on the back of an adult pip is wrinkled and wrinkled, and in old females it may have a cellular surface.

Taken from the site: animals.sandiegozoo.org

The forepaws of the Suriname pipa are distinguished by four long fingers, devoid of claws and membranes. At the end of each finger, appendages that look like asterisks grow, and therefore pipa is often called the star-finger. This structure of the front limbs allows the animal to cleverly rake the muddy bottom and get something edible out. The hind legs of the pipa, like most frogs or toads, are very strong, much thicker than the front ones and endowed with swimming membranes.

Photo by: Christophe cagé

Suriname pipas also produce an unpleasant odor resembling hydrogen sulfide vapor.

Where does Suriname pipa live?

Suriname pipa is a natural wonder that prefers muddy water and lives exclusively in slow-flowing rivers, as well as in lakes, irrigation canals and artificial reservoirs in South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Brazil, Guyana, French Guiana, the Republic of Suriname , Ecuador, Peru. Also, individuals are found in the southern and eastern part of the island of Trinidad.

The respiratory system of the Suriname pipa is well developed, but in spite of this the animals are almost completely aquatic: they dry out in half dried puddles, and with the onset of the rainy season they enjoy traveling through the flooded jungles of the Amazon Basin.

Photo by: Marie F.

Suriname pipa: reproduction.

Of reproductive age, these amphibians reach 6 years. The breeding season of the Suriname pipa is usually timed to the rainy season. In search of female, male specimens make characteristic clicking sounds, similar to the ticking of a clock with a light metallic touch. Often competitors fight among themselves, pushing with long front paws.

Reproduction of the Suriname pipa is the most interesting, unusual and distinctive feature of these amphibians. The mating games occur in the muddy water, and the male, like all tailless amphibians, makes several test captures of the female. The male immediately releases to mating. Mature female from such embraces immediately falls into a stupor, and her body covers a shiver. After such a signal, the male thoroughly covers the female from above with the forelimbs, and in such a state the couple can stay a day away.

Before the act of copulation, the partners turn sharply upwards with their bellies, being in close proximity to the surface of the water, and the male of the Suriname pipa turns out to be below, just under the back of the female. Spawning is performed in portions, and the male presses on the egg-laying of the female, located on the back: first from the cloaca of the pipa, from 6 to 12 yellowish eggs, 6-7 mm in diameter, appear. Under the influence of gravity, the eggs descend to the belly of the male, who fertilizes them. Then the pair turns over to the normal position, the female swims down, the eggs slowly settle on her back, and the male imprints the eggs into the back of the female with her body and hind legs.

Author photo: Lubomír Klátil

If the female of the Suriname pipa becomes the mother for the first time, then a six-sided cell 1-1.5 cm deep with a valve from the egg shell is formed from irritation of the skin around each egg - a kind of incubator for future offspring. The septa that separate the cells are very thin and rich in blood vessels. What is interesting: after the first fertilization, the back of the female Suriname pipa remains cellular for life.

Pipa spawning occurs 10-12 hours, with an interval of 10-15 minutes, and here the male has to work conscientiously. With its hind legs, the male collects the calf from the sides of the female and lays it in even, precise, vertical and horizontal rows without a single pass. The development and viability of the future young Suriname pip depends on how successfully the laying of the calf in the back of the female is.

The male does not have time to pick up a certain amount of Suriname pipa roe, and it falls to the bottom or sticks to aquatic plants. Unfortunately, without special conditions created only on the back of the mother, the caviar cannot develop and therefore dies.

When the last portion of caviar is swept and laid, the clutch can be from 40 to 144 eggs. After completing its mission, the male of the Suriname pipa swims away, and the female is expected to have 11-12 weeks of incubation, during which the offspring develop in ideal conditions on the back of the mother. After a few hours, a spongy gray mass is formed on the female's back, which swells so much during the day that all the eggs are completely immersed in this substance, leaving the tops on the surface.

Photo by: Daderot

During the incubation period, a young Suriname pipa develops inside each egg. As the young grow, the cavities of the cells increase. Eggs of pipa are rich in yolk and reach a diameter of 6-7 mm. At the beginning of its development, each egg weighs about 2.95 g, by the end of development the weight increases to 3.37 g. After about 80 days, the fully formed pipa first carefully looks out from under the lid of its cell, and then crawls out carefully, completely ready for independent of life. Freed from offspring, the mother cleans the remains of the egg membranes on the stones and plant stems, sheds and acquires new skin until the next mating season.

Photo by: Alisha

Suriname pips at home, photo.

Despite the not too beautiful appearance and sharp smell, connoisseurs of exotic contain Suriname pip as a pet. Indeed, it is quite interesting to observe the life of these amazing representatives of the fauna. In order for the Suriname pipa to feel as comfortable as possible, it will be necessary to acquire a large aquarium, because the content of one individual requires at least 90-100 liters of water.

Photo by: Christophe cagé

Care must be taken to ensure perfect aeration of the water, as well as carefully monitor the temperature in the aquarium: the temperature should not exceed 28 degrees or fall below 24 degrees. The bottom of the dwelling house of the Suriname pipa is lined with sand and fine gravel, planted with algae or decorated with an aquarium with artificial plants.

Photo by: Christophe cagé

Unpretentious in nutrition, Surinamese pipa is fed with dry fodder for amphibians, which can be purchased from specialized pet stores. However, it is better to use small pieces of fresh fish or small fish, bloodworms, earthworms and insect larvae as feed.

Content in an aquarium

For a comfortable life of a pair of toads in captivity, you need a large aquarium. From 100 to 300 liters. The bottom of the aquarium is covered with small pebbles, although they are well managed without it. As decoration, you can use plants and living and artificial.

The aquarium should have a powerful filter. Pips need warm water, the temperature of which is not lower than + 27С. Feed these strange animals can be live food for large fish and small fish.

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The Suriname Pipa is a very unusual frog, which is mainly found in South America in the waters of the Amazon River. Suriname pipa belongs to the class of amphibians, and the family - pipovyh. This unique toad, can, for three months to bear its offspring, on its own back.

Features and description of Suriname pipa

The first difference from other amphibians is its physique. When you first saw such a frog, you might think that the rink moved several times. Her body is very thin and flattened, it is very similar to a large, old sheet of a tree, and even pripuste that it is a resident of a tropical river with warm water is very difficult.

The head of the Suriname toad has a triangular shape and is as flat as the whole body of a frog. Eyes located on top of the facethey have no eyelids and are very small. It is worth noting that these frogs have no teeth and no tongue. Instead, the toad has skin patches that are located at the corners of the mouth and are very similar to tentacles.

Anterior paws of an amphibian without membranes and ending with long fingers that do not have claws, this is one more difference from other frogs. And on the hind limbs there are skin folds, they are very powerful and are located between the fingers. These folds enable the frog to feel confident under water.

The body of a not very big frog does not exceed twelve centimeters, but there are special giants, their length can reach twenty centimeters. The skin of this unusual animal is very rough and wrinkled, sometimes you can see black specks on the back.

The color of the Suriname pipa is dull. Mostly they have gray-brown skin and a light belly. A dark strip may also be present, which approaches the throat and covers the neck of the toad, forming a border on it. In addition, and so is not very attractive animal has a strong smell, which resembles the smell of hydrogen sulfide.

Frog lifestyle and nutrition

Halo habitat of this frog is ponds with warm and muddy water, which do not have a strong current. ATshe and near people, near plantations in irrigation canals. She likes the muddy bottom very much, it is the medium of pipa's food.

With her long fingers, which are on the front paws, she loosens the ground and searches for food, then pulls it in her mouth. Helpers in this are growths on the paws, which are very similar to asterisks, through this the frog is called "starfinger".

Suriname frog nutrition, are organic debris that are buried in the ground at the bottom of the reservoir. It can be:

  • pieces of fish
  • worms
  • insects rich in protein.

Pipa frogs almost never appear on the surface, although they have all the signs of a land animal:

  1. very rough skin
  2. strong lungs.

The exceptions are those periods when heavy rain falls in Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and other cities of South America. When it happens Suriname Toad appear on the shore and migrate hundreds of kilometers to find warm and dirty pools near the rainforests, where they warm themselves and bask in the sun.

Lifespan and reproduction

The breeding season for Suriname frogs begins when the rainy season begins. These toads are of the same sex though to distinguish where the female is, and where the male is not an easy task. To conquer the female, the male must begin a mating dance, which the song should follow.

In order for the female to understand that the male is ready to mate, he begins to emit a shrill click. Female, after picking the male, approaches it and throws unfertilized eggs into the water, and the male instantly starts producing sperm on them, in order to give life to the future offspring.

After some time, the female descends to the bottom to catch eggs, which the male has impregnated, she catches them on her back. And the male at this time should evenly distribute the eggs on the back, the future mother.

He makes small cells on the back of the female, pressing each egg separately, he helps himself with his hind legs and belly. After several hours of such work, the frog's back can be confused with the honeycomb. После проделанной работы, самец покидает своих будущих детей и самку и в их жизни больше никогда не появляется.

Вынашивать своё потомство суринамская пипа будет приблизительно восемьдесят дней. Лягушка за один помет, может произвести около ста лягушонков, которые одновременно появляются на свет. Багаж, который находится на спине самки weighs about 385 grams, for pipa, it is not easy at all. After all the eggs are in place, they are covered by a protective membrane, it is very strong and protects future offspring. The depth of the cells in which the caviar is located reaches two millimeters.

Being in the body of the mother, the embryos take all the nutrients that are necessary for their development from her body. Partitions that separate them from each other, have many blood vessels, through them and receive oxygen and food, germs.

Twelve weeks later, young frogs break through the protective film of their house and swim into the unknown water world. From birth, they are very independent and can lead a normal life alone, without the help of an adult.

This appearance of new small individuals is not considered a live birth, although frogs appear from the body of the female. The process of development of eggs, just like other amphibians, the only difference is the place where they develop.

When a new generation is born, the back of a Suriname frog needs to be updated immediately. To do this pipa rubs his back about different algae and stones and this allows her to get rid of the place where the embryos developed.

Until the next mating season, the frog can enjoy life and not worry about nothing. Young frogs will be able to multiply on their own when they are six years old.

Suriname pipa at home

People who are fond of exotic animals breed these miracle frogs at home, and their not very attractive appearance and smell of hydrogen sulfide, does not scare them. It is very interesting to watch how the female bears larvae and how they then emerge into the world.

If you decide to start a pipa at home, then you will need a large aquarium. If you have one frog, he should hold no less than one hundred liters of water, and if two or three, then calculate that the same number falls on each individual, that is, three a frogs need an aquarium for three hundred liters of water.

Water should be well saturated with oxygen, so you need to think about it in advance. And also it is necessary to carefully monitor the temperature regime. The temperature should not exceed twenty-eight degrees and be less than twenty-four.

At the bottom of the aquarium should be poured sand with fine gravel. And also it should have different living algae, it will help Suriname frog feel comfortable. It is necessary to feed them with different feeds for amphibians, and also they will not give up earthworms, larvae and small pieces of live fish.

Suriname pipa toad. Suriname pipa’s lifestyle and habitat

Suriname Pipa - Toad, which can be found in the waters of the Amazon River basin in South America. This species belongs to the pipov family, an amphibian class. A unique frog is capable of bearing offspring for almost three months right on its back.

Description and structure of the Surinamese pipa

A distinctive feature of an amphibian is the structure of its body. If you look at photo of Suriname pipa, You might think that the frog accidentally landed under the rink. A thin, flattened body is more like a dead tree leaf than a living inhabitant of the warm waters of a tropical river.

The head is triangular in shape and as flat as the body. Tiny eyes, devoid of eyelids, located at the top of the muzzle. It is noteworthy that Suriname pipa frogs missing tongue and teeth. Instead, there are skin patches resembling tentacles in the corners of the mouth of a toad.

The front legs end with four long, claw-free fingers that do not have membranes, as is the case with ordinary frogs. But the rear limbs are equipped with powerful skin folds between the fingers. This allows the unusual animal to feel confident under water.

The body of an average individual does not exceed 12 cm, but there are also giants, whose length can reach 20 cm. The skin of the Suriname pip is rough, wrinkled, sometimes with black spots on the back.

The color does not differ in bright colors, usually it is a gray-brown skin with a lighter belly, often with a longitudinal dark stripe suitable for the throat and encircling the frog's neck.

In addition to the very lacking external data, the pipa is "rewarded" by nature with a strong odor resembling the odor of hydrogen sulfide.

Suriname pipa lifestyle and nutrition

Dwells Suriname pipa in warm turbid waters, without a strong current. There is an American pipa and in the neighborhood with people - in irrigation canals of plantations. The favorite muddy bottom serves as a feeding medium for the toad.

With long fingers, the frog loosens its viscous soil, dragging food into its mouth. Special skin growths on the front paws in the form of asterisks help her in this, which is why pipa is often called the starfire.

Suriname pipa feeds organic residues that digs in the ground. These can be pieces of fish, worms and other insects rich in protein.

Despite the fact that the frog is quite developed characteristic features of terrestrial animals (rough skin and strong lungs), pips practically do not appear on the surface.

Exceptions are periods of heavy rainfall in areas of Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia and other territories of South America. Then flat toads awkwardly crawl out of the water and embark on a journey hundreds of meters from the house, basking in the warm, muddy pools of tropical forests.

Thanks to maternal skin, all Pipa offspring always survive

Reproduction and life expectancy of Suriname pipa

The onset of seasonal rains serves as a signal for the onset of the period breeding. Suriname Pips heterosexual, although outwardly it is rather difficult to distinguish the male from the female. The mating dance begins with a male "songs."

Emitting a metallic click, the gentleman makes it clear to the female that he is ready for mating. Having approached the chosen one, the female begins to throw unfertilized eggs directly into the water.

The male immediately releases the sperm, giving rise to a new life.

After that, the expectant mother sinks to the bottom and catches ready-to-develop eggs right on her back. The male in this action plays an important role, evenly distributing the eggs on the back of the female.

With the abdomen and hind legs, he presses each egg into the skin, thus forming a semblance of a cell. After a few hours, the entire back of the frog becomes like a honeycomb. Having finished his work, the negligent father leaves the female along with the future offspring. This is where his role as head of the family ends.

In the photo are pip eggs attached to her back.

For the next 80 days, the pipa will bear eggs on its back, resembling a kind of mobile kindergarten. For one litter the Suriname toad produces up to 100 small frogs. All offspring, located on the back of the expectant mother, weighs about 385 grams. Agree, not an easy burden for such a puny amphibian.

When each egg has settled in its place, its outer part is covered with a strong membrane that performs a protective function. The depth of the cell reaches 2 mm.

Being in the mother's body, the embryos receive all the nutrients necessary for development from the body. Partitions "honeycomb" abundantly supplied with blood vessels that deliver food and oxygen.

After 11-12 weeks of maternal care, young pips break through the film of their personal cell and break out into a huge water world. They are completely independent in order to lead a way of life as close as possible to the way of life of an adult individual.

In the photo, young pips leave their cells.

Although babies are born from the mother’s body that has been formed, this phenomenon is not considered a “live birth” in its true meaning. Eggs develop in the same way as other amphibians, the only difference is the place of development of the new generation.

Freed from young frogs, back of suriname pipa requires update. For this, the toad rubs its skin on stones and algae, thereby throwing off its “childish place”.

Until the next rainy season, the peep frog can live happily. Juveniles will be able to reproduce on their own only after reaching the age of 6 years.

In the photo the back of the pipa after the birth of small toads

Breeding Suriname pipa at home

Neither the appearance nor the sharp smell does not stop the lovers of the exotic to breed this amazing animal at home. Watching the process of grubbing the larvae and the birth of small frogs is exciting not only for children but also for adults.

In order for pipa to feel comfortable, you need a large aquarium. One frog needs at least 100 liters of water. If you plan to purchase two or three individuals, add each for the same amount.

Water should be well aerated, so take care in advance of a similar system of oxygen saturation of the aquarium. Temperature conditions need to be carefully monitored. The mark should not be higher than 28 С and lower than 24 С heat.

At the bottom is usually poured fine gravel with sand. Artificial or live seaweed will help Suriname toad feel at home. In food pips are not whimsical. For them, dry food for amphibians, as well as larvae, earthworms and small pieces of live fish are suitable.

Admiring the maternal instinct for the amphibians that is surprisingly strong, the children's writer (and part-time biologist) Boris Zakhoder dedicated one of his poems to Suriname pipa. So far and little-known frog became famous not only in South America, but also in Russia.

Description and structure of the Surinamese pipa

PipsSurinamese this toads belonging to the amphibian tailless family Pipov. South America, Brazil, Peru, Suriname - all these countries, places habitatSurinamepips.

She settles in lakes and rivers. It can also be found on farm plantations in the irrigation canal. And nothing in this life can force the frogs to get out of the water.

Even during periods of great drought, it is somewhere, but it will find a dirty, small, silted puddle and will wait in it until the onset of more favorable conditions for its life.

And with the onset of the rainy season, she begins a new life full of travels. From a puddle to a puddle, from the reservoir to the reservoir, she will wander her way through the streams. And so the traveler’s toad will freely sweep the entire surrounding perimeter along and across.

But, in spite of her unearthly love of water, she can lead a terrestrial way of life without any harm to her health. Light frogs are well developed, as she has rather coarse skin, which allows you to be freely even in the sun.

Look at photo of suriname pipa the frog itself is an obvious incredible animal. From afar it can be confused with some kind of leaf or piece of paper.

It is like a fifteen centimeter flat quadrilateral, which ends at one end of triangles, with an acute angle. It turns out that the acute angle is the head of the frog itself, imperceptibly emerging from the body.

The amphibian's eyes are located far from each other, on both sides of the head, and look upwards. This animal has no tongue, and near the corners of the mouth hang scraps of skin resembling tentacles.

The front paws of an animal are not at all similar to the paws of their relatives, there are no membranes between its four fingers, with the help of which frogs swim. With her forelimbs, she gets food by raking kilos of sludge, which is why she has long strong phalanxes.

At the very edges of the fingers, small, star-shaped processes grew in the form of warts. Therefore, they are familiar to many as Star-toe Suriname Pips.

The hind limbs are larger than the front, there are membranes between the fingers. With their help, pipa swims well, especially during their travels.

The color of the frog is right to say camouflage, to the tone of the dirt in which it picks, the toli are dark gray, the toli are dirty brown. Its abdomen is slightly lighter, and some, along its entire length, have a dark stripe.

But what distinguishes Suriname pipa from all the other frogs is its hyper motherhood. The thing is that Suriname pipa he carries his children on his own back. There, on the back, by nature, there are special grooves, suitable for the development of tadpoles.

This frog has one drawback, its terrible-smelling “scent” of the body. Perhaps nature and here came to her aid, first such a predator could not stand such a smell, who wished to eat pipa.

Secondly, the amphibian notifies of its presence with its smell, as it is not very noticeable due to its appearance. And hiding in a drought, in a small muddy puddle, it can easily be crushed, simply not seeing, but because of the stench, it is impossible not to smell.

Suriname pipa lifestyle and nutrition

Living all its life in water among algae, mud, and rotted snags, pipa leads a fishy lifestyle and feels comfortable. Her eyelids, sky and tongue are completely atrophied.

However, by chance getting outside, the Suriname pipa turns into a sloth. She clumsily, slowly tries to crawl somewhere, and having reached the nearest swamp, she no longer leaves it, until it dries completely.

If the frog crawls to the river, then it selects the places where there is no current. Feeds onSurinamesepipa mainly in the dark. They find their food at the bottom of the reservoir in which they have settled.

With their long, four-fingered forelimbs, the pips loosen the sludge that has got in the way, and with the help of the star-shaped wart processes they look for food. All that pops up, mostly it's small fish, worms, bloodworms, the Suriname frog drags itself into his mouth.

Breeding Suriname pipa at home

For lovers of the exotic and those who want to have such a toad, you need to know that it needs space. Therefore, the aquarium should be at least one hundred liters. If you lodge your unusual pet in a three hundred liter house, the toad will only be glad.

In no case do not sit down to the frogs of aquarium fish, the predator of pipa must eat them. The upper surface of the aquarium is covered with a net or a lid with holes, otherwise pips, suddenly bored at night, can get out of it and die.

The water temperature should be room temperature twenty to twenty five degrees. You can take well-settled tap water. Also, it should not be salty, and well saturated with oxygen. The bottom of the aquarium can be covered with beautiful gravel, any vegetation for beauty should be placed there, the frog will not eat it anyway.

Well, you need to feed it with a large moth, small fish, earthworm, daphnia, hamarus. You can not give large pieces of raw meat. Pipa is a very voracious amphibian, she will eat as much as she is offered.

Therefore, in order to avoid obesity, control the amount of feed. If obesity begins at a young age, the vertebrae are deformed in a frog and an ugly hump grows on its back.

It is important to know that the Surinamese pips are fearful; in no case do you have to knock on the glass of the aquarium. In fright, she will rush about and can break strongly against its walls.

Frog, Suriname pipa, toad's lifestyle and its reproduction

The Suriname Pipa is a very unusual frog, which is mainly found in South America in the waters of the Amazon River. Suriname pipa belongs to the class of amphibians, and the family - pipovyh. This unique toad, can, for three months to bear its offspring, on its own back.

The first difference from other amphibians is its physique. When you first saw such a frog, you might think that the rink moved several times. Her body is very thin and flattened, it is very similar to a large, old sheet of a tree, and even pripuste that it is a resident of a tropical river with warm water is very difficult.

The head of the Suriname toad has a triangular shape and is as flat as the whole body of a frog. Eyes located on top of the facethey have no eyelids and are very small. It is worth noting that these frogs have no teeth and no tongue. Instead, the toad has skin patches that are located at the corners of the mouth and are very similar to tentacles.

Anterior paws of an amphibian without membranes and ending with long fingers that do not have claws, this is one more difference from other frogs. And on the hind limbs there are skin folds, they are very powerful and are located between the fingers. These folds enable the frog to feel confident under water.

The body of a not very big frog does not exceed twelve centimeters, but there are special giants, their length can reach twenty centimeters. The skin of this unusual animal is very rough and wrinkled, sometimes you can see black specks on the back.

The color of the Suriname pipa is dull. Mostly they have gray-brown skin and a light belly. A dark strip may also be present, which approaches the throat and covers the neck of the toad, forming a border on it. In addition, and so is not very attractive animal has a strong smell, which resembles the smell of hydrogen sulfide.

Frog lifestyle and nutrition

Halo habitat of this frog is ponds with warm and muddy water, which do not have a strong current. ATshe and near people, near plantations in irrigation canals. Ей очень нравится илистое дно, оно и есть средой питания пипы.

Своими длинными пальцами, которые находятся на передних лапах она перерыхляет грунт и ищет еду, потом подтаскивает её в рот. Помощниками в этом есть наросты на лапках, которые очень похожи на звёздочки, через это лягушку называют «звездопалой».

Суринамской лягушке питанием, являются органические остатки, которые находятся закопаны в грунте, на дне водоёма. It can be:

  • pieces of fish
  • worms
  • insects rich in protein.

Pipa frogs almost never appear on the surface, although they have all the signs of a land animal:

  1. very rough skin
  2. strong lungs.

The exceptions are those periods when heavy rain falls in Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and other cities of South America. When it happens Suriname Toad appear on the shore and migrate hundreds of kilometers to find warm and dirty pools near the rainforests, where they warm themselves and bask in the sun.

Lifespan and reproduction

The breeding season for Suriname frogs begins when the rainy season begins. These toads are of the same sex though to distinguish where the female is, and where the male is not an easy task. To conquer the female, the male must begin a mating dance, which the song should follow.

In order for the female to understand that the male is ready to mate, he begins to emit a shrill click. Female, after picking the male, approaches it and throws unfertilized eggs into the water, and the male instantly starts producing sperm on them, in order to give life to the future offspring.

After some time, the female descends to the bottom to catch eggs, which the male has impregnated, she catches them on her back. And the male at this time should evenly distribute the eggs on the back, the future mother.

He makes small cells on the back of the female, pressing each egg separately, he helps himself with his hind legs and belly. After several hours of such work, the frog's back can be confused with the honeycomb. After the work done, the male leaves his future children and the female and never again appears in their lives.

Suriname pipa will take approximately eighty days to bear its offspring. Frog for one litter, can produce about a hundred frogs, which are simultaneously born.

Luggage that is on the back of the female weighs about 385 grams, for pipa, it is not easy at all. After all the eggs are in place, they are covered by a protective membrane, it is very strong and protects future offspring.

The depth of the cells in which the caviar is located reaches two millimeters.

Being in the body of the mother, the embryos take all the nutrients that are necessary for their development from her body. Partitions that separate them from each other, have many blood vessels, through them and receive oxygen and food, germs.

Twelve weeks later, young frogs break through the protective film of their house and swim into the unknown water world. From birth, they are very independent and can lead a normal life alone, without the help of an adult.

This appearance of new small individuals is not considered a live birth, although frogs appear from the body of the female. The process of development of eggs, just like other amphibians, the only difference is the place where they develop.

When a new generation is born, the back of a Suriname frog needs to be updated immediately. To do this pipa rubs his back about different algae and stones and this allows her to get rid of the place where the embryos developed.

Until the next mating season, the frog can enjoy life and not worry about nothing. Young frogs will be able to multiply on their own when they are six years old.

Suriname pipa at home

People who are fond of exotic animals breed these miracle frogs at home, and their not very attractive appearance and smell of hydrogen sulfide, does not scare them. It is very interesting to watch how the female bears larvae and how they then emerge into the world.

If you decide to start a pipa at home, then you will need a large aquarium. If you have one frog, he should hold no less than one hundred liters of water, and if two or three, then calculate that the same number falls on each individual, that is, three a frogs need an aquarium for three hundred liters of water.

Water should be well saturated with oxygen, so you need to think about it in advance. And also it is necessary to carefully monitor the temperature regime. The temperature should not exceed twenty-eight degrees and be less than twenty-four.

At the bottom of the aquarium should be poured sand with fine gravel. And also it should have different living algae, it will help Suriname frog feel comfortable. It is necessary to feed them with different feeds for amphibians, and also they will not give up earthworms, larvae and small pieces of live fish.

Pipa toad suriname in aquarium

Suriname pipa toad is an interesting inhabitant of the aquarium! An aquarium in a house is both an attractive piece of furniture and a unique opportunity to observe the world in which underwater inhabitants live. In the homes of people are more common freshwater aquariums, in which they live bright tropical fish.

Less often you can see sea aquariums with amazing inhabitants of warm seas.

Of course, watching the fish is interesting, but they do not do anything special. And the aquarium becomes commonplace, no longer surprising. Everything can be changed if you have an unusual inhabitant, for whom it will be interesting to watch.

Instead of fish, it is possible to place a pipa toad in an aquarium, which is rarely contained by Russian aquarists.

The Suriname pipa is a toad that lives in small reservoirs in Ecuador, Bolivia, Suriname, Peru and Brazil. She lives in the water, on land moves slowly and awkwardly.

Meet - Pipa Suriname 🙂

Pipa Surinamese (Pipa pipa) is distinguished by an ugly, almost quadrangular and flat body, triangular, to the face with a pointed head, which is not separated from the body, and thin front legs.

The toes on the end have several processes, which is why pipa was called “star-eye” (Asterodactylus), the hind legs are thicker and rather long, with long, sharp toes connected by full swimming membranes, in old animals the skin on the back is folded and in old females even cellular, before eyes, one or two pairs of tentacles are seen on the sides of the upper jaw, and another pair hangs near the corners of the mouth.

I propose to get acquainted with this miracle closer, it's worth it.

Distributed in South America. The area covers Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil. Leads a water way of life, settling, as a rule, in small natural reservoirs or in irrigation canals on plantations. Rod pip has 7 species. His representatives do not leave the water throughout life.

There are no membranes on the front paws, but there are long thin fingers - just like a musician! True, with their help, pipa does not play the piano, but loosens the bottom sludge, extracting something edible from there. At the tips of the fingers are leathery star-shaped appendages, for which the Suriname pip is often called spider-fingered.

Strong hind legs with normal frog membranes serve them for movement in water. The color of the flattened adult body of an adult pip varies from blackish-brown to gray. The belly is light, but sometimes a dark band passes along it.

Peak frogs (lat. Pipidae) - a family of tailless amphibians. Pipovoy feature - the lack of language.

Suriname pip can be found not only in ponds and rivers, but also in irrigation canals on plantations. Even a prolonged drought cannot force them to get out on firm ground - pips prefer to sit in half-dry puddles. But in the rainy season, they take away the soul, traveling through forests flooded with heavy rains.

Such a strong love for water is amazing, because the Suriname pip has well-developed lungs and rough, horny skin, which is typical of land animals. Their body looks like a small flat quadrangular leaf with sharp corners on the sides. The head of a triangular shape smoothly passes into a puny torso. The eyes are turned upwards; near the corners of the mouth are tentacle-shaped skin patches.

When harvesting food, the pipa uses the scavenger strategy. With her forelimbs, she digs up the ground, stirs up the mud, and snatches food particles from it. Can use for food and fixed objects. For the maintenance pip use spacious aquariums.

The volume should not be less than 100 liters per pair, but better than 200 - 300. Fine gravel can be poured at the bottom, although pipes can be dispensed with without soil. The aquarium can be decorated with live and artificial plants, good water filtration is necessary. The optimum temperature is 26 degrees.

Food - large bloodworm, earthworms, small fish.

If you want to have this miracle of nature in your apartment, you will have to purchase a spacious aquarium for 100, or better for 200 or 300 liters, decorate it with living or artificial plants and put small gravel on the bottom. The water in it should be warm (about 26 degrees) and well aerated. You can feed Suriname pip with bloodworms, earthworms and small fish.

Former travelers say that pipa lives in dark forest swamps, slowly and awkwardly creeps on the ground and spreads a piercing smell, similar to the smell of burning sulfur.

Observers for the most part describe a strange way of breeding pips, confirming the information reported by Sibilla Merian, and refuting only her erroneous assumption that young pips are born on the back of the mother.

Pip frogs and toads live almost entirely in the aquatic environment. To do this, they have flattened organs and relatively large membranes on the paws compared to the rest of the body.

Many reptiles developed along a completely unique evolutionary path in a relatively small geographical area.

There are several different types of Suriname toads. The species Common pipa is better known as the Suriname common toad.

Unlike other non-speaking toads, Suriname toads have sensitive areas on the tips of their front paws. They have no claws, and they are mostly nocturnal.

When people first saw what was happening with Suriname pipa, they did not believe their own eyes: the kids at pipa appeared right out of the back.

And not some, but well formed. And not one or two, but several dozen. An excellent connoisseur of nature and animals, the English naturalist D. Darrell, who once observed the birth of pipa cubs, wrote: Already before this, I had to be a witness to the greatest variety of the most varied births. But only in rare cases, what I saw absorbed and amazed me, like that night ..

Of course, the appearance of children from a pipa’s back is not at all child-bearing in the true sense of the word. Eggs and pipa larvae develop, as do the eggs and larvae of all other amphibians. Only it happens in an unusual place.

As soon as the female lays an egg, the male picks it up and gently lays it on the back of the female, in a special cell. He does the same with the second, and the third, and the fourth, and with all the other eggs. To keep them better presses them more and breast.

The cells in which the eggs are laid become deeper every day and acquire a six-sided, honeycomb-like shape, and the eggs grow into the back of the female. At the same time, the upper part of each egg dries out, forming a translucent dome.

It is there, in these combs, under the translucent domes-caps that everything happens that happens to happen.

First, embryos develop, then tadpole larvae appear, they also develop and turn into tiny butterflies.

Moisture in such cells-cells is sufficient; the embryos and larvae receive food through the walls of the cells from the mother's body.

Having formed, tiny creatures raise the dome-caps, survey the unfamiliar world and, having gathered their courage, get out of their cradles. Near the mother, but soon leave her and begin an independent life.

A pipa can lay up to 114 eggs and carry this burden on itself for 80-85 days. If one egg in the initial stage weighs 2.97 grams, and at the end - 3.37 grams, we multiply this by 114. And as a result we get, she carries around 384.16 grams. Not a little.

In a cell, the frogs are almost completely formed and crawl out from there ready for life. When the kids have already completely abandoned this “mobile kindergarten,” pipa rubs against stones or plants and wipes off the remnants of skin. After molting, it is covered with new skin.

Surinamian PipaSurinamskaya Pipa! You are no doubt familiar with her? A stranger? How is that? That's how it is! Ah-ah-ah! I blush for you! You can not know Panda, Tuataru, or White-headed Sip - But you can't but know What for the beast

Although she lives in a remote country - in Suriname, therefore rarely, poor thing, She meets us, Although she is ugly (Only her modesty decorates her!), Although she is from the frog family

Very, very does not interfere!

... There, In the shadow of the algarrba, quebracho, and other exotic flora, in the evenings frogs and toads, incessant choirs lead in.

In frogs, family feelings, as a rule, are weak. About offspring, Usually Not too sad Toads. And she is This modest daughter of Suriname, -Hot and toad, But

Exceptionally gentle mom!

Yes, she does not throw a mosquito: horns: eggs: all eggs lie on her back, like on a soft feather bed. To the mother's body (and the heart!) They grow, and, not knowing worries

Tadpoles grow up in them

Slowly grow up ... Until the deadlines are fulfilled, the Children pull, and pull, and pull Juices from their mother ... And then run away, jumping and completely forgetting about mom. (It happens, according to rumors,

Not only in Suriname ...)

This is how Surinam pipa lives. Now I hope I dare - You would like in part to get to know her! If they ask you: "What kind of Surinam pipa beast?" - Answer: "This is a toad,

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