To become a decoration of your home or office, the aquarium must shine clean. And the fish in such an aquarium are better, they are more active, they get sick less and live longer. Keeping an artificial reservoir clean is not so difficult, but still there are some subtleties in this business that newcomers should be aware of. Consider the basic issues of cleaning the aquarium at home.
How often should this be done?
Planned cleaning of the aquarium with the replacement of part of the water is usually carried out once or twice a week, depending on its size, population density, the presence of vegetation.
In each case, the question of the frequency of cleaning and water changes should be decided on the basis of
- the health of the fish,
- aquarium test scores
- and, of course, the appearance of the aquarium.
Conversely, in a crystal-clear aquarium, concentrations of nitrogen compounds can go off-scale and, accordingly, fish suffer. And this is also a reason for urgent cleaning.
What does aquarium cleaning include?
The cleaning algorithm is usually the following:
- we clean the walls of algal plaque,
- if necessary, we clean the scenery: stones, grottoes,
- if there are plants in the aquarium, we weed and trim them,
- ground siphon (this procedure is not always performed),
- pour out of the aquarium of the water - it can be done during the siphon or specially,
- if required, wash the filter equipment,
- Pour clean water.
And now about everything in more detail.
Even in the most prosperous aquarium, algal plaque forms on the walls, which makes the glass dull and untidy. Therefore, algae must be regularly removed. This can be done with:
- metal blade scraper (it can be replaced with a stationery knife blade),
- magnetic scraper,
- economic washcloths.
First option - long handle scraper or, to a lesser extent, the stationery knife is convenient and well removes algae and other contaminants, but is not suitable for Plexiglas aquariums, since it can leave scratches on their walls.
Magnetic scraper indispensable for deep tanks, as well as aquariums, which are restricted from above, or plexiglass tanks. It does not scratch the walls (with the exception of those cases when a grain of sand or a small piece of soil falls between its parts) and makes it possible not to put your hands in the water. Minus - it is difficult for them to clean the corners of the aquarium and the lower edge of the glass near the ground.
The economic washcloth option is the most economical, but it is not suitable for plexiglass and is the least convenient, since you have to reach everywhere with your hand.
Cleaning the scenery
If you do not like the dark film of algae on the scenery, they can also be cleaned. This is done with a washcloth or a hard brush inside the aquarium or outside if you remove the jewelry. Detergents and cleaning products are not used.
In order for the algae on the walls and decorations to be less, you can get algae fish, they will help in the fight for cleanliness.
And if the algae are growing too fast, they are brown in color or resemble tassels in shape, then the situation in the aquarium is not completely safe, and measures must be taken to combat these representatives of lower plants.
The task of this treatment is to remove the leaves damaged by fish and snails (as well as overgrown with algae), to trim or remove too overgrown shoots. Plants should not block the light of each other and interfere with fish.
In shrimp aquariums, especially with capricious species, and in general in nano aquariums, pruning and weeding should be carried out as rarely as possible and as carefully as possible so that the minimum amount of sludge and plant sap falls into the water.
Ground siphon and water drain
After cleaning the walls of the aquarium and weeding underwater plantations, we usually lift a lot of mud and dirt into the water. Now this dirty water needs to be drained. This is done with a hose or aquarium siphon.
With the end of the hose or a siphon tube we drive near the bottom, starting from the most polluted places, and pour the dirty water into a bucket or basin (it’s better that they are white, then we can notice a shrimp or fish accidentally tightened in the water).
At one time, it usually changes from 15% to 50% of water, depending on the conditions of a particular aquarium. Matter
- filter power
- population density,
- demanding of animals to clean water
- the presence of live plants or fitofilter.
In order to find out how often and in what volume it is necessary to make replacements, it is best to use tests for nitrate - the content of this substance in the aquarium should not exceed 20-30 mg / l for undemanding fish and 5-10 mg / l for the fastidious and loving clean water. Such a concentration must be achieved with the help of substitutions.
No need to replace the water completely! This will not be cleaning, but restarting the aquarium. Such a procedure is carried out only in the most extreme cases, for example, after an epidemic.
If necessary, during the routine cleaning, you can siphon the soil to remove excess organic contamination.
In aquariums with large fish and without live plants, it is recommended to do this at least weekly, but the more plants and the smaller the density of the fish population, the less often there is a need for this procedure.
Soil in herbalists and shrimp cooks, as a rule, do not siphon at all, so as not to damage the roots of plants, not to reduce the nutritional and biofiltration properties of the soil and not to injure small animals.
When cleaning the filter, it is important to remove mechanical impurities from it without damaging the colony of microorganisms that live in sponges or other porous fillers and participate in biofiltration.
Therefore, wash the filter filling carefully, without undue enthusiasm, using only the water drained from the aquarium. It is better, of course, to take relatively clean water without turbidity, and not the one that was leaked during the siphon of the soil.
Internal filters with sponges are washed every one to two weeks, depending on the rate of contamination (the fact that the filter is contaminated can be seen by weakening its jet). The sponges of internal filters with several compartments for different fillers and external filter canisters are washed with approximately the same frequency.
Porous biofiltration material (ceramic rings, balls, etc.) are washed much less frequently, once every two or three months, if necessary, carrying out a partial replacement of this filler.
The rotary head of the filter can be washed with plain water without detergent, using a cotton swab.
Aquarium is poured over at least 24-hour water with the same temperature as the fusion. Water is poured with a hose, bucket or watering can, depending on the size of the aquarium.
After that, they turn on the filter and the rest of the equipment, check its operation and the health of the fish. After a while, when a small turbidity settles (and it almost inevitably arises), your aquarium will shine with purity.
Such a clean aquarium will please not only you, but also fish that will feel comfortable. And this is a guarantee of their health, longevity and lively, interesting behavior.
Video: Aquarium cleaning steps with examples.
So, for a start, let's think about how to choose a new aquarium and properly equip it.
The most suitable volume for home conditions is 50 liters, but it's worth noting that it all depends on how many and the types of fish you inhabit.
Please note that the stones and algae with which you will decorate the reservoir occupy a certain part of the space, and there must also be a special soil at the bottom of the artificial reservoir.
From the equipment, an aquarium with fish should be equipped with the following vital attributes:
- pump or filter for aquarium
- water heater
Water for the aquarium plays an equally important role. Do not neglect its quality, it depends on a good habitat for your fish.
To begin, let us explain how the cleaning of the aquarium.
Periodic maintenance of an artificial reservoir is an emotional excitement for its inhabitants, therefore try not to frighten ornamental fish with sharp hand movements.
The question arises: how often to clean your aquarium, so as not to harm the fish too much anxiety?
On average, they are taken care of once or twice a week, depending on the volume, as well as the population density.
When conducting this procedure, you should adhere to the following recommendations:
- wash off the walls of green plaque
- we carefully process decorative stones
- we carry out trimming of water plants (if any)
- we clean the primer with a siphon
- drain some of the water
We clean the walls
First of all, let's look at how to clean the walls of the aquarium.
Absolutely in any aquarium over time a raid forms, both lime water from poor quality water and green water in the presence of algae. It is with such not very pleasant factors that we will face sooner or later. Internal pollution make glass and water muddy, and as a result - unsuitable for the lives of your pets.
First you should thoroughly wash the aquarium glass.
What you need to do
First of all, you need to learn how to properly clean the aquarium, because the appearance of the fish house depends entirely on this.
This can be done using the following devices:
- special scrapers with a metal blade
- nylon washcloths
- ordinary kitchen sponges
Make it a rule, at least once a week to wipe the glass of the aquarium, even if at first glance they seem to be clean. This procedure is much easier than washing turbid glass two or three weeks old.
- If you decide to clean the walls of the aquarium without removing its inhabitants, the use of any detergents is strictly prohibited.
- If you have planned a planned cleaning with the relocation of its inhabitants, then you can use a special washing sample of potassium permanganate solution.
It is with the help of these rules that you can easily wash off a raid of almost any complexity.
Bottom care in the aquarium
Next, we shall understand how to clean the bottom of the aquarium, namely: to clean the soil from the remnants of food and excrement. After all, this is where all the waste that we need to get rid of accumulates.
Such a procedure as cleaning the soil in the aquarium, is not always carried out, but plays one of the important roles.
- First, it should be slightly twisted, but if particles and bubbles begin to rise, the soil is supersaturated with carbon dioxide, and therefore this procedure is appropriate.
We do this with a hose or a special siphon. With the end of the hose or the siphon tube we drive along the bottom, occasionally penetrating into the ground. Through the other end of the hose will come out all unnecessary pollution. Be very careful, because without noticing, you can accidentally tighten any living creature into the cleaning siphon. Most often, this procedure is carried out in the presence of fish, while the water may remain slightly turbid.
In this case, the natural question ripens: how to clean the soil in the aquarium to get crystal clear water?
- To begin with, we will need to temporarily relocate the fish, after which we take out all the soil and carefully wash it under running water, without using any means.
This procedure is repeated twice.
- Next, take the cleaned soil and place it on the bottom of the fish house.
The process is quite time consuming, but you only have to resort to such cleaning once or twice a year.
Most aquariums are equipped with a special filtration system. In order for the device to work without interruption, it is necessary to study in detail how to clean the aquarium filter without damaging its integrity.
In the process of working with the filter you need to understand how to clean the internal filter material.
Inside it is a special "sponge", which provides biofiltration of water.
- Since it is necessary to wash it very carefully, it is not recommended to use excessive enthusiasm in this matter.
This procedure is performed once every two to three months. If the water in the aquarium swings with interruptions, then cleaning the filter, we facilitate its saturation with oxygen.
- As for the external parts, they can easily be washed with a conventional toothbrush.
Since cleaning the filter in the aquarium with chemical detergents is not the best idea, we recommend using ordinary running water or, as a last resort, warm and boiled water.
After clearing all the details of the artificial reservoir, we begin to fill it with water.
Pour water into the aquarium, at the bottom of which is already present in the ground, not so easy.
- To simplify this process will help you a flat plate, having laid that, we will protect the soil from deformation,
- Water is poured slowly, in a thin stream.
- From time to time it is worth pouring the separated water into the aquarium, as it tends to evaporate.
After filling the aquarium with water, install all the necessary equipment and connect it to the network.
Fish - helpers
In nature, there are species of fish, which not only have a bright color, but really benefit - it is the orderlies of the aquarium. The group of such unique fish includes the swordtails, guppies and platies.
Nature has endowed the unusual inhabitants of the aquatic environment with a special structure of the mouth. The lower part of the jaw is interestingly arranged and resembles the shape of a scraper. It is thanks to its jaw that the fish can clean the walls of the aquarium.
A distinctive feature of the fish called antsistrusy and armored catfish, is their mouthpiece, which resembles a sucker. With the help of the mouth, the fish attach themselves to the walls of their home and naturally clean it.
Such residents will become wonderful assistants in the care of the built environment.
Now you know exactly how to properly clean the tank without causing absolutely no harm to its inhabitants.
A clean aquarium is a prerequisite for the well-being and longevity of your fish, so do not neglect timely care.
Why do you need to clean the aquarium
The appearance of fish, food, dead animals and plants in the aquarium provokes deterioration of water quality and turbidity (algae), which are formed on the walls of the aquarium and in the aquatic space. Turbidity is a raid on the glass and substrate. This factor directly affects the fish, affecting their health and comfort.
Now various filters and other equipment for cleaning are popular, and mollusks, snails, fish that eat the waste described above are allowed into the aquarium, but they cannot cope with pollution on their own, so cleaning with an aquascaper is necessary.
Causes of Aquarium Pollution
A raid on the glasses and substrate may appear for the following reasons:
- Aquarium overpopulation. For each pet requires a certain amount of fluid at the rate of 1.5-2 liters. If the fish has less water, then water turbidity cannot be avoided.
- Overfeeding. Fish do not always eat food intended for one-time feeding. Its subsidence on the substrate contributes to the decomposition and the appearance of algae.
- Stagnant water. In an aquarist, any owner of a domestic pond takes responsibility for pet care and water change. If it was made at the wrong time, then the process of turbidity of the liquid begins, which is able to spread to the new water.
- Bright lighting. With plenty of light, the liquid begins to bloom. This leads to a rapid turbidity of the water, which provokes the appearance of algae.
How often do I need to clean the aquarium
The number of aquarium cleanings depends on several factors: the capacity of the tank, the number of pets and vegetation. Based on these indicators, the owner makes cleaning 1-2 times a week.
Secondary, but important indications for cleaning:
- if deterioration in fish health is noticeable,
- aquarium tests show reduced water quality,
- the appearance of the tank begins to deteriorate, and the water becomes cloudy.
If, however, the aquarium type is spoiled but not cleaned, you can see the dirt with your own eyes. To do this, you should watch the fish and, when it sails from the bottom, rippling water, a small mud cloud rises from the substrate. This suggests an urgent cleaning, because the dirt can not only spoil the health of swimming inhabitants, but also lead to death.
However, if the aquarium is perfectly clean, you should regularly monitor the presence of concentrated nitrogen compounds. They also lead to death, and require urgent elimination.
What is included in the cleaning of the aquarium
- Disposal of glass from turbidity (plaque).
- Cleaning the scenery.
- Trimming and weeding aquarium vegetation.
- If necessary, conduct a bottom siphon.
- Fluid replacement.
- Cleaning filter apparatus.
- Pouring water into the aquarium.
Before you start cleaning, you will need to disconnect from the power grid all aquarium appliances, except for external filters.
With the appearance of algae in the aquarium, on its walls a scurf is formed, spoiling the appearance. To eliminate this drawback, you will need to use 1 of these tools:
- скребок с металлическим лезвием (или лезвием от канцелярского ножа),
- мочалка (новая),
- скребок магнитного происхождения.
Скребок с металлическим лезвием легко приобрести в специализированных магазинах. Он прекрасно избавляет стёкла от налёта, но не применим в аквариумах из оргстекла. This is due to the hardness of the metal, which leaves scratches on such a surface.
Bast - the cheapest way to clean. Its disadvantages: you need to get everywhere with your hand and is not suitable for containers made of plexiglass. Do not use the old sponge! It can carry bacteria inside the aquarium and cause the fish to become sick.
Magnetic scraper It is used for cleaning surfaces from plexiglass, tanks, where it is impossible to clean from above or too deep aquariums. Its advantages: does not scratch the glass, does not require lowering the limbs in the water. Disadvantages: cleaning the corners and the bottom glass edge is problematic.
Algae, peeled when cleaning glasses do not need to try to catch. Further in the process, most of them will go along with the replacement of water, and the rest will serve as food for the fish.
If the water decorations are covered with bloom or muddy, then they can be cleaned with a brush of increased rigidity or washcloth inside the aquarium (if the item can be removed, then it can be washed outside the tank, but in aquarium water!). Do not use cleaning products or detergents for cleaning, as well as return the clean and wet accessory to the container.
Algae fish are also fighting algae. They will not be able to 100% clean the aquarium from them, but will be able to slightly thin out the regularity of cleaning.
Vegetation is important in an aquarium, but if it is overgrown with algae, its overgrown shoots are too thick, the grasses close each other's lighting, interfere with aquarium pets, die and decompose, then they cause damage and lead to increased pollution of the water area.
When plant processing should be weeded out plants, however, weeding root species should not raise bottom murk.
You can see how to clean artificial aquarium plants:
If snails, mollusks, shrimps and other similar living creatures live in the water space, then it is worth reducing the number of weeds, because vegetable juice and sludge are harmful to the health of arthropods.
After the above procedures, a lot of dirt and turbidity rises to the surface of the water to eliminate bottom contaminants, most often a siphon or hose is used.
Before the procedure is to prepare and take a white bucket (if the siphon will tighten the fish or arthropod, then it can be immediately seen and returned to the aquarium). Next, lower the device into the water and drive it near the bottom, so that it sucks in the dirt, along with the bottom fluid.
If only large fish live in an aquarium, then the aquascaper end of the siphon is placed immediately down the drain.
When cleaning the aquarium every time there is a water change. One-time replace 15-50%, starting from the degree of pollution and the conditions created:
- the presence or amount of fitofilter and plants
- population density
- the whimsicalness of pets to cleanliness,
- filter power,
Water change is required to establish a normal balance of concentrated nitrates in water. Clean and dirty aquariums are checked for this item with the help of special tests. The level of indicators should be:
- for unpretentious: 20-30 mg / l,
- for whimsical 5-10 mg / l.
When cleaning do not need to change the water in 100% of the amount. This is not called a substitution, but a restart, it is carried out only after a fish epidemic. After the restart, it is required that the aquarium matured for 14 days, without pets living in it.
If there is no vegetation in the water space and large species of fish live, then replacement requires 1-2 p / week, but otherwise, regular replacement of water is practically not needed.
An important nuance when cleaning the filter is to remove only mechanical impurities. Inside the filter lives a colony of microorganisms useful for small fish participating in biofiltration. It is necessary to make cleaning of porous fillers and sponges very carefully, to leave them intact.
So that the cleaning goes well and without loss of microorganisms, it is worth using more or less pure aquarium water, and not from a tap or siphon.
Sponge filters with compartments for fillers, external canister prefilters, etc., are cleaned once every 7-14 days. To make sure that the equipment is contaminated, you will need to pay attention to the stream flowing from it. If it is weakened, then the filter needs a procedure.
Porous filter parts: balls, rings, etc. cleaned about 1 time in 2-3 months. During the procedure will need to replace worn parts.
The rotor head of the equipment is washed out with ordinary water without chemicals. To improve the quality of cleaning, it is recommended to use a cotton swab.
In the home pond it is necessary to fill only the separated water, with the same temperature as the fusion of the aquarium. Depending on the aquarium volume, it is filled with a watering can, a hose, or a bucket.
Do not pour liquid directly onto the substrate in order not to compromise its integrity. For this it is recommended to use a grotto or saucer.
Next, you need to populate the fish there, connect the filtering equipment, evaluate its work and the condition of the pets, and after settling the remaining turbidity, the aquarium will be unrecognizable clean.
You can learn some more useful tips from the video:
Clean aquarium plays an important role in creating the interior, and in the well-being of its inhabitants. In order not to upset the balance of beauty and health of small fish, it will be necessary to take a thorough approach to cleaning, to do it correctly and regularly.
Some factors indicate that it is time to clean the aquarium. For this, water quality is tested (nitrates, ammonia). If the indicators exceed the norm, time to change the water. When the fishes raise a cloud of dirt when moving, it's time to rinse the ground. The walls of the aquarium were covered with green bloom - this is a signal to wash the glass. Hence the conclusion: cleaning is carried out on external factors, tests.
Every aquarist has a tool that they clean. Conventionally, it is divided into standard and individually-specific set.
The first includes the necessary things: sponges, buckets, scrapers, hoses, siphons.
The second set includes additional tools: tweezers, indicator of acidity, feeders, aquarium tests.
Just collect liquid from the tap can not. It must meet certain parameters in which the fish will feel comfortable.
The indicator checks the pH acidity, the norm is the indicator - 7. To increase the use of soda, a decrease - peat.
The smell of chlorine is excluded. Water defend 3 days. If this does not help, use a dechlorinating agent.
Distilled liquid is undesirable for freshwater fish, as it is considered “dead” water.
Recommended upper layers of water from old aquariums, they have established biological equilibrium.
In order not to run your hand while cleaning the glass inside the aquarium, it is convenient to use magnetic scrapers.
Algae can be cleaned with a scraper that has a metal blade. Just need to be extremely careful not to hook on the silicone sealant (wall connector), scratch the acrylic.
If you regularly wash the glass, at least once every 7 days, an ordinary kitchen sponge will do. Only need to use a new instance, without food residue, fat.
While cleaning sand, pebbles, water is drained, garbage. Therefore, we must have a large bucket to collect.
A large bucket will also be required to settle the water. It is desirable to choose the material neutral - inert plastic, enamel. All other materials: zinc, aluminum, copper exclude. From the reaction of elements, harmful substances are formed that cause an imbalance and the death of hydrobionts.
Remove limescale from the glass will help a special tool for cleaning the glass aquarium, but if it is not at hand, use wine vinegar. Take a glass of water, add a tablespoon of vinegar. Process the solution with glass. Acid does not leave stains, quickly copes with a touch.
Some scrapers have a blade. Material can be plastic, metal. When working with scrapers it is necessary to be careful, for example, acrylic aquariums are easily scratched.
Some models of scrapers have a combined filling. The blade is replaced with a sponge and vice versa.
Other necessary things
During the cleaning of the aquarium will need at least the necessary things:
- nets of different sizes
- long tweezers to plant plants and lift various parts from the bottom,
- fixing material - suckers,
- liquid measuring container
- syringe, long needle for handling algae.
In stock should be the necessary substitutes: thermometer, heater, compressor. In case of failure of the main elements.
Rules for surface cleaning of the aquarium
When carrying out routine or surface cleaning of an aquarium, follow some rules and procedures:
- Unplug electrical appliances. External filters leave,
- clean the glass with a scraper or sponge,
- if decorations are covered with bloom, remove them, rinse with hot water. Use any detergent, but rinse thoroughly,
- cut living plants, weeding,
- as needed siphon the primer,
- empty the water (if you clean the bottom, it will be done automatically),
- rinse the filter as necessary
- fill the clear water.
After the water has settled, brush the scenery and shake off the raid.
Rules deep cleaning aquarium
Deep cleaning means a complete restart of the aquarium. The death of the fish, the disease of plants, the construction has given a leak, the design has bothered them to such actions.
The algorithm of work is carried out the same as during scheduled cleaning. The only differences are total disinfection.
Fish prepare house. If suitable aquarium water, dial. In case of an epidemic, this should not be done, prepare the separated water for several days, and heat it up before settling.
Plants pull out. It is important not to damage the root system. In case of illness, land new samples. If they are dear to you, treat with penicillin. Connect 10 liters of water, 50 mg of the drug. The course of treatment is seven days. Temperature stand 25 degrees.
Then, pull out the ground. Conduct heat treatment.
Prepare the salt solution for decoration.
50% of the water from the aquarium leave for a quick restart, if the cause is not an infection, a virus.
Start cleaning the aquarium.
In case of mycobacteriosis, fill the container with detergent at the rate of 400 g of the mixture per 60 l of water. Inventory all boiled.
Dry the aquarium for several days, at least a day.
Fill with water to check for leaks, hold for 2 hours, if everything is good, drain the liquid, start restarting.
Actions are carried out in reverse order.
Before removing the walls of the aquarium, arm yourself with the necessary scraper. Do not eat used sponges from the kitchen.
Act carefully, near the bottom. Sand that has risen from the bottom will scratch the glass.
Algae washed from the walls, do not remove. Part of the fish will eat, the remnants will remove during the change of fluid.
Treat the algae with special preparations, for example, Easy Clean, Algicide or sidex.
Easy Clean - pour into the aquarium. It is relevant without live vegetation.
Algicide or sidex - kills algae, stimulates plant growth. For 50 liters of liquid, add 2 mg of the drug.
Treat affected surfaces with a syringe. Dead algae will eat algae.
Cleaning decorative items
Artificial plants, decorative elements are washed inside the aquarium, outside. In the first version, brush off the deposits. If this does not help, pull out the decorations, process them in the following ways:
- type boiling water and lower the decorative elements, hold for 10-15 minutes. High temperatures will help get rid of algae,
- bleach. Combine some water, bleach, in a ratio of 9: 1. Lower the scenery, hold for 10 minutes. Wash thoroughly under running water. Not all elements are cleaned in this way, for example, artificial snags, corals,
- iodized salt + lemon. Cook gruel of two components. Apply the mixture with a toothbrush. The method is suitable for silk decorations.
After processing, put everything in its place.
Replacing the filter cartridge (how to clean the filter in the aquarium)
Filter sponges perform two functions: clean the liquid, accumulate beneficial microorganisms. Do not disturb the balance, carefully remove mechanical impurities. Use liquid only from the aquarium.
Replacing the internal filter is carried out as pollution. The replacement signal is poor water flow, loss of shape. It happens once a year or more. In the internal filter the washcloth consists of several parts. Change only one. After two weeks, when the microorganisms fill the sponge, replace the next part.
Elements of porous material: rings, balls, change 1 time in 3 months.
Rinse the head with a cotton swab. Do not use detergents.
Use a siphon or hose to drain the water. Combine the descent with cleaning the bottom, the ground. Lower the tube inwards to remove polluted places. Collect the contents in a bucket. If the vessel is filled with large fish, feel free to lower the other end of the hoses into the sewer. Provided that the ground is pebble.
Partial replacement of water is done from 15 to 50%. It depends on some factors:
- population density
- filter power,
- plant availability
- fish size and clean water.
Full replacement of water is required in extreme cases - an epidemic.
How to clean the aquarium siphon
The components of the siphon are the pump, the tube. One piece goes down inside the aquarium. Pumping up a pomp, suck up dirt. To do this, a tip is inserted into the tube, shaking the primer, and sewage is chosen.
Lower the end of the siphon with a special nozzle into the aquarium, and slightly raise the ground. Clicking on the pump, trash from the bottom will go through the tube, the rest of the soil will fall. Do not touch the areas with plants, so as not to disturb the root system.
Otherwise sand is cleaned. It uses a hose. Lower one end to the sand, the other end into the bucket. Collecting increment from the surface, sand falls. After cleaning, rinse it under running water and return to the aquarium.
Live plants do not grow without a substrate. Therefore, the bottom is covered with a layer of soil. The next layer is sand or pebbles. The soil is cleaned during general cleaning. The substrate is heat treated or changed.
If plants are decorative, under the ground means sand, quartz, pebbles. Clean once a week with a hose or siphon.
How to clean the aquarium without draining water
If you use the net to clean the aquarium, the water will remain at the same level. Get the tool in the sand. He will successfully sift, and get enough sleep down, and the pollution will be in the net.
The walls are washed with a magnetic scraper water from the aquarium.
Decorative items pulled out, washed.
Procedure for catching fish from an aquarium tank
To trap fish, prepare a trap yourself. Take a plastic bottle, cut the neck. Make a hot nail holes across the surface to the product sank. In the middle lay the load, fish food. Turn the bottle inside the bottle. Thread the rope through the holes to raise the trap. Lower the product into the aquarium, expect the catch.
Features of the use of aquarium salt
Sea salt, unsuitable for food has found use in aquariums. Problems related to the health of fish are solved with the help of salt:
- use in stressful situations.
- during transportation
- the effect of salt affects osmoregulation.
Salt changes the quality of water.
Terms of care for saltwater aquariums
For the preparation of sea water using liquid distilled or double cleaning. Just to defend will not be enough.
- measure parameters every day
- using a pump to imitate the flow
- weekly partially change the water,
- cleaning the walls once a week,
- monitor equipment
- regularly test water quality,
- weekly cleaned from food debris, excrement.
Works globally do not differ freshwater aquarium.
Disposal of pests and excess organics, restoration of aquarium balance
In the vessel, beneficial microelements and harmful algae develop. Biobalance required. At a deviation resort to various methods:
- the launch of cleaners (snails, shrimps, fish),
- mechanical cleaning
- reduction of daylight hours to 8 hours
- adjusting the number of fish
- vessel restart,
- artificial and live sera filters,
- commercial preparations for the fight against algae.
Before applying any method, identify the cause of the disturbance of the biobalance.
Biological organisms, cleaning aquariums
Toxic products (excrement, leftover food, plant waste) are neutralized, broken down by beneficial bacteria to form suitable for plant nutrition.
The waste products of bacteria are absorbed by filters or removed by changing water.
Plants purify water, absorb carbon dioxide, emit oxygen. The most active are floating plants.
Among the biological organisms are mollusks. Они переводят кальций в нерастворимое состояние, доводят остатки пищи до нужной консистенции, бактерии легко их могут обрабатывать в дальнейшем.
Амёбы предпочитают питаться водорослями, органическими остатками. Тем самым дают пищу бактериям.
The appearance of bryozoans in the vessel, says about a safe balance. Since they live only in clean water with a sufficient dose of oxygen.
All flora and fauna are involved in the biological equilibrium of the aquarium, but their significance is unequal.
Active fighters with algae among snails:
- Javanese Corbicula,
- Black ear
- Porcelain Septaria
The temperature content in the range of 22-27 degrees.
In the vessel, the cochlea does not breed, except for the “black ear” type. Caviar can be seen on the glass walls.
Up to 5 years, the horned snail Neritina Gliton lives among the fish. The uniqueness of the form - miniature size of 1-1.5 cm.
In freshwater aquariums, fish-cleaners benefit:
- Siamese algae,
The main food of fish are algae. The temperature content of 23-26 degrees.
Shrimps are popular among aquarists:
Shrimps destroy algae, rotted leaves of plants.
Causes of pathogenic algae growth
There are many types of algae, the causes can be:
- violation of biobalance (bacteria, fungi, mollusks, etc.),
- lack or excess of daylight,
- dead organic matter.
Poisons accumulate in the aquarium, which give rise to the appearance of algae and have a destructive effect on all life.
Basic rules for daily care of an aquarium
- Checking parameters.
- Feeding fish
- Monitor the operation of the equipment (sanctification, filtration, aeration, heating devices).
- Look at the condition of the fish - whether all are healthy. If you identify a patient specimen, urgently otsadite in a separate container.
We are preparing the aquarium to launch the fish at home
From the first minute of the appearance of the glass house you need to know how often wall cleaning is required, as well as the correctness of the procedure. There is only one correct way of preparation, it needs to be remembered:
- Put the container "breathe" open at room temperature. This is required for the complete disappearance of the aroma of silicone. If the aquarium was purchased in winter, then it is worth leaving the dishes for the night so that the walls do not burst when cleaning.
- Regular baking soda and sponge - with their help, wash the walls outside and inside to clean the glass from any infections. Water use only warm, thorough flushing is required.
- Pour half of the desired amount of water, settled for 24 hours. Water immediately from the tap can not be poured!
- Lay out at the bottom of the "rocks", living pebbles, "natural" caves and other interior required for convenient location of pets.
Tip! Very often, fish of a certain type require regular pebbles both on the bottom and fixed on the walls. It is best to use a special glue that perfectly fastens the stones and does not poison the fish.
- After a full day, add all the water, retreating 5-7 cm from the edge of the aquarium.
- Run the fishes.
- If the water does not "run away", then after 3-5 days it is drained, replacing it with a new one. Do not forget about the mandatory sludge fluid.
Tip! After replacing water for the first time for 1.5-2 months, water is not completely changed at all! Such a measure is necessary to create a natural biological balance. At the same time, it is necessary to frequently remove yellowed or rotted leaves of algae. But do not forget to follow the behavior of the fish - it will show how comfortable the pets are in the new environment. Guppies are considered the best for beginners - these representatives do not require much care and quickly adapt to any conditions.
How to wash the aquarium without catching fish
The so-called normal cleaning of the aquarium is required to remove green deposits from the walls and with some water pollution. The procedure is carried out as needed, but not often, about once every 2-4 weeks. What should be done:
- Get the turbine pump and wash it with a brush (you can take a small toothbrush),
- Use a scraper for aquariums to clean the walls of plaque,
- Drain a third of the water and replace the settled,
- Turn on the pump, aerator, light, install clean, washed equipment.
Remember that this cleaning aquarium does not require the removal of fish from the water. And a little advice: to guess that you need to clean the aquarium is simple - a weak flow of water signals that the filter is clogged, it is time to wash it!
Restarting is called partial or complete replacement of plants, thorough cleaning of the walls. The procedure should be carried out only in the presence of infections, full water pollution or if you got the "water world" from a careless owner and you need to completely clear all the consequences of such "care."
- Catch fish and put in a temporary dwelling,
- Drain all the water, catch and rinse using baking soda or special solutions “interior” of the aquarium,
- Remove and clean the soil fractions contaminated with excrement, rotten plants and other debris. This is done under a stream of water, in parts (preferably using a strainer), and with very noticeable dirt, the ground is completely changed. By the way, a good result is provided by cleaning with a siphon or a hose with a watering can at the end: open the water, run the watering can into the ground and rinse it turns out perfectly. If an infection has started in the ground, then it must be boiled in water. Usually, the soil is cleaned every 3-4 weeks,
- Washing the walls of the aquarium is the next stage of work. Glass needs to be washed completely. To do this, use a nylon sponge for washing dishes, scrapers (for removing plaque) and other improvised means. It is important not to scratch the walls of the aquarium, otherwise it is in these scratches that all the dirt will collect. Disinfection of the tank is done by boiling water, then the glass is cooled,
- Pour water on a third of the volume
- Lay the primer and put back all the washed accessories (without plants),
- Let the water stand for about a week and you can plant plants that have survived in normal form, supplementing with new algae,
- Another 3-4 days and you can run the fish, topping up with water to the desired volume.
It takes time and some money to complete a full cleaning of the aquarium, but this is not all: before filling the tank with fish, it is necessary to conduct water samples.
How often is the aquarium cleaned:
- Half of the fluid needs to be replaced every 7 days,
- Tanks with a volume of more than 200 liters must be cleaned every 15 days,
- If the aquarium is less than 150 liters, then care is required every 7-10 days.
Remember that cleaning the aquarium depends on filling it with fish. Numerous inhabitants quickly foul water, soil. Also, the garbage remains after feeding, and here it is important to choose the optimal dose so that the feed particles that remain in the ground do not remain.
Tips from experienced aquarists - this is useful, but do not follow them blindly, because if you clean often, the natural balance is disturbed. The real state of affairs will show the inhabitants of your "water world", and how to clean the aquarium, you already know.
Video how to clean the aquarium: