Birds

Oryol hens: peculiarities of keeping and breeding Russian breed

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There are several versions about the origin of this breed. It is not known exactly where such a name appeared - Oryol. Some researchers believe that it went from the same city. Others are sure that this bird received the name Oryol by the name of the first breeder. Presumably, he was Orlov-Chesmensky - a favorite of Catherine II. With high probability we can assume that the Malay and Ukrainian Long-eared became the parent for this breed of hens. The first, most likely, was once brought to the Carpathian region of Gilan. The fact is that even at exhibitions Oryol chicken in Tsarist Russia was often called Gilan.

The standard for this breed was established in 1914. In large quantities it was bred in the vicinity of Tula, Moscow and Orel. Unfortunately, after the Great Patriotic War, the Oryol breed almost completely disappeared. Only German breeders were able to partially restore livestock. They carried out numerous crosses of Oryol and Malay chickens. In 1949, 127 individuals were brought to one of the exhibitions.

In the 70s, attempts were made to restore the breed in Russia. At this time, the domestic poultry farmer M. N. Vinokurov brought several Oryol chickens from the GDR. These individuals played a huge role in the restoration of the breed in our country. However, nowadays in large quantities these chickens are bred only in the village of Pavlovskoye in the Moscow region. However, poultry breeders of this breed say that many farmers show great interest in the young they sell.

Breed description

Orlovsky chickens are bred mainly as meat and egg. However, the decorative characteristics of this breed are very high. Previously, Orlovsky cockerels were used, among other things, as fighting ones. The main distinctive features of this breed are:

  • High torso. In males, it is placed almost vertically, which looks very impressive.
  • Strong legs.
  • Very well developed eyebrows.
  • Strongly curved (more than any other breed) short beak.
  • Crimson small comb with feathers.
  • Brilliant dense plumage.
  • Huge height and weight.

Color Oryol chicken is very beautiful. The most common varieties are scarlet, black, white, mahogany and calico. The latter type of color is valued most by modern poultry farmers. The legs of these chickens must be yellow and thick. Serves as a sign of the breed and lemon shade beak, as well as amber eyes.

Bird productivity

Meat from chicken Oryol breed can get a lot. Adult cock weighs about 3.5-4 kg. Chickens a little smaller - 2.5-3 kg. Very good performance representatives of this breed differ in terms of egg production. For the year, one chicken can bring up to 140-150 pcs. Eggs are distinguished by the white color of the shell and rather large size - 60 g.

What should be the house

How to properly maintain such a bird as Oryol chicken? This breed of hens is very unpretentious. However, good conditions for her to create, of course, necessary. The house for Orlov chickens should be spacious enough and at the same time light. Otherwise, the chickens will reduce productivity in terms of egg production.

This breed is cold-resistant, so it is not necessary to equip a shed heating system in winter. But in cold weather, in the very cold weather, it is worthwhile to install a heater in the hen house, or at least hang a few incandescent bulbs, near which the bird can warm up.

The floor in the shed for the winter should fall asleep with a thick layer of sawdust. Such a litter will subsequently play the role of a kind of biological heater, since fermentation and rotting processes will start to occur in it with the release of heat. In the spring room of the coop should be carefully cleaned. The litter, along with other debris, is placed in the compost pile.

Feeding features

Developing a well-balanced diet is also what the Oryol chicken requires. The breed of chickens in relation to the "menu" is not too demanding. They feed the Oryol bird in the same way as any other meat-and-egg direction of productivity. That is, the diet of chickens can be dry wet or a combination. The last way for this bird is best suited. Dry method involves high feeding costs. Indeed, in this case, the owners of the home farm will have to buy a lot of grain, feed and bran. Such feeds are quite expensive.

The wet method allows you to save on the maintenance of chickens and to achieve quite high rates of productivity. Not too good for the Oryol breed, it is suitable primarily because of the physiological characteristics of this bird. The fact is that these cockerels and hens have a very well-developed beard. At the same time, representatives of the Oryol breed love to peck from the neighbors in the barn with the remnants of mash. With prolonged feeding with wet mixes, most chickens lose their spectacular appearance. Agree, trimmed beard does not look too aesthetically pleasing.

Therefore, mash, which should include ingredients such as grated carrots, potatoes and beets, carved cabbage and herbs (nettle, tops of root crops, quinoa, etc.), must be combined with dry food. Along with the wet form, the hens should be given wheat and bran. Bags can be filled with obrat or meat broth (from waste). Chalk and vitamin supplements are also helpful.

Content Features

Oryol chicken (photos clearly demonstrate its powerful constitution) - the breed, as already mentioned, is fighting. And although this bird has not been used in competitions for more than a century, it has completely retained its aggressive character. Therefore, to keep such chickens and cockerels should be separated from representatives of other breeds.

The rest of the technology of care for this bird is similar to the method of breeding any other domestic chickens. Most Orlovskih contain the usual floor method. Since this bird is quite active and large, it will feel extremely uncomfortable in the cage. Walking is also what the Oryol chicken needs. The maintenance of this breed in the presence of a fenced area next to the barn will be much more successful. Walks, including in winter, contribute to the better development of the young and partially solve the problem of vitamin D deficiency.

Chickens of Oryol breed

Of course, buying the young or the eggs of this bird to update the livestock each time will be very expensive. After all, until now the Oryol breed in our country is considered to be quite rare. Consequently, such a bird is expensive. Therefore, many owners of private farms prefer to breed it independently.

Incubation of Orlov chicken eggs is carried out as usual. But caring for young animals is somewhat different from the methods of keeping chicks of other breeds. The fact is that Orlov chickens are developing quite slowly. The disadvantage of the Oryol breed is late maturity. The chicks do not fledge for a long time and love to eat a lot. But they hatch strong and healthy. Lunge among orlovskih chickens is usually very small.

Selection work

Many farm owners, in addition to the actual keeping of Orlov chicken for meat and egg, also pay great attention to the preservation and improvement of this breed. Those who are really not indifferent to this domestic variety, it is worth observing certain rules when breeding it. Manufacturers must be:

  • massive,
  • leggy
  • with well developed comb,
  • with as hooked beak as possible,
  • yellow-footed.

Another sign to which attention should be paid when breeding such a bird as the Oryol hen is color. For variegated varieties recommended as even as possible color. Of course, you can not use for breeding is not yet fully formed bird.

Oryol chicken: reviews of farmers

Since this breed is very productive, farmers have a very good opinion about it. Mainly lovers of varieties of domestic breeding contain this bird. In our country, even created a club of fans of this particular breed. Its members care about its preservation and about increasing its popularity among Russian farmers.

Oryol chicken - one of the best old domestic breeds. And although this bird has certain drawbacks, such as, for example, late ripeness and aggressiveness, it certainly deserves the attention of Russian farmers. It is possible to breed this bird both directly general economic, and just as decorative.

The origin of the breed

Oryol breed of chickens was bred in the estate of Count Orlov-Chesmensky, by whose name and received the name. Work on the removal of the most productive hens with decorative appearance, was carried out for many years. The basis of the new breed laid the genes of the Malay fighting chickens and Persian chickens. From the last orlovtsy received motley color and characteristic developed beard.

Interest in the breed developed in waves. The heyday of the popularity of chickens fell on the beginning of the 19th century. But since the 70s, the number of chickens bred in the country has decreased dramatically. Thanks to the efforts of I.Abozin, 14 copies of eagles were presented at the first International Exhibition of Birds.

Interest in the breed began to gradually recover. At the second International Exhibition, held in Milan, calico and white Oryol chickens were presented. At the exhibition in Turin, the breed was awarded 11 gold medals.

Successes breed aroused her interest abroad. In Germany and England even clubs of fans of Oryol breed were established. The breed standard was adopted in 1914.

Orlov chickens were bred in large quantities in Russia. However, in Russia, the interest in orlovki did not last long, and during the Great Patriotic War the breed was almost completely lost. Partial restoration of livestock was possible, thanks to breeders from Germany, who again crossed the remaining specimens of Oryol hens with Malay breed.

The breed standard was adopted in 1914.

127 exhibition copies of Oryol hens were brought to the exhibition in 1949. Attempts to fully restore the breed were undertaken in the 70s of the last century by Russian breeders. Poultry breeder M.N. Vinokurov brought several orlovskih chickens from Germany. Since they began to restore the population in our country.

But at the present time breeding of the breed is practiced only in the Moscow region village of Pavlovskoye and in private farms. Although interest in the Oryol breed of chickens is gradually recovering. Representatives of the breed are regulars of special agricultural exhibitions. At the exhibition Ryabushka 20092, the rooster of the Orlov breed received a gold medal.

Description and characteristics of the breed, photos

Oryol hens attract attention with a special body structure. Their strong, elongated body with broad shoulders is located almost vertically, so with their appearance they resemble royals, slowly strolling around the courtyard. The appearance of these chickens is quite extravagant, due to the combination of the body structure with the presence of tanks and beard, as well as unusual plumage.

The most popular color of the breed is calico, combining red, black and white feathers. The Oryol calico chicken is registered by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation as a subspecies of the Oryol breed. A characteristic feature of calico coloring is the presence of white spots on the body.

White feathers also have a white ending. The tail of the roosters is black with a white border on the braids. Chick print chickens are somewhat lighter than roosters. On their feather there are more white spots, outlined by black stripes.

Oryol hens also have the following colors:

  • Scarlet hazelnut brown,
  • scarlet monstrous,
  • black
  • white
  • striped,
  • mahogany bilohrudaya and Black-breasted,
  • spotted: white and red,
  • clayey

Crimson-colored chickens have a black beard on the background of a red neck. Their head is red-brown, the back, body and chest are black. Black and white chickens monochrome.

One of the hallmarks of the breed is tall. Orlovsky cock grows up to 60 centimeters. Rooster weight is 4.5-5 kilograms. Chicken weighs 3.5-4 kilograms.

The most popular color breed - calico.

Breed standards:

  • Raised, extended body on high limbs. The rooster's body is almost vertical, about 45 degrees in chickens relative to the limbs.
  • Long, curved neck.
  • The back is wide, with the tail lowered down.
  • Chest round, medium width.
  • Head with a characteristic flat and wide occipital bone. The head is also decorated with tanks and a magnificent beard. And the chicken beard much more magnificent than the roosters.
  • The bill is short, curved.
  • Comb low, raspberry-shaped, overgrown with small setae.
  • The eyes are of a reddish-amber color with overhanging arches.
  • Plumage is dense, tight to the body. On the neck and nape the feather forms a ball.

Breed deficiencies resulting in culling from breeding:

  • Small height and weight.
  • Back with a pronounced hump.
  • Spindle-shaped, straight body.
  • Narrow back and chest.
  • Not curved or long beak.
  • Feathers and feet.
  • Non-standard color of paws and plus.
  • Black beard.
  • A rare feather on the head.
Feathered legs and feet are a lack of exterior.

The German breed line has some differences from the Russian. The body of the rooster is wider and shorter, height - 50-55 centimeters. The German line of Oryol hens has longer shins and thick metatarsus, as well as more pronounced brow ridges, which makes them similar to the birds of prey. Representatives of the German line have greater productivity and survival of young.

German breeders also bred a dwarf variety of Oryol hens. Rooster weight - up to 1 kg, chicken - up to 0.7 kg. Orlov dwarf small eggs weighing about 39 grams up to 100 pieces per year.

We offer to get acquainted with other Russian breeds of chickens:

Productive qualities

The breed belongs to the meat and egg direction, however, the productivity of meat is much higher than its egg production. Growth of a bird proceeds practically till 2 years, and the weight of a carcass of a rooster reaches 4-4,5 kilograms, hens 3 kilograms.

Maturation occurs slowly. The first eggs Oryol pullets begin to give after 7-8 months. In the first year, the hen can produce up to 180 eggs, but from the second year the number drops sharply.

Oryol breed refers to the meat and egg direction.

On average, an adult chicken produces not more than 140 eggs per year. Eggs are large, dots 60 grams, with a thick shell of cream or pale pink color. Chickpea colored chickens carry pale pink eggs.

How to choose a purebred bird

Choosing Oryol hens, you need to pay attention to the following characteristics of the breed:

  • Corresponding to breed indicators growth and structure of the body. An underdeveloped, insufficiently long body is considered to be a breed marriage.
  • The comb should resemble a raspberry cut.
  • Legs long, muscular, without feather, strictly yellow.
  • Be sure to have a developed nape.

Acceptable deficiencies are a slight defect of the ridge or deviations in color. Such deficiencies are eliminated easily, and the ability to breed pure breed exists.

Pros and cons of breed

The advantages of the breed are:

  • Decorative, extraordinary appearance.
  • High vitality.
  • Meat productivity, due to the large body mass.

At the same time, the breed has significant drawbacks:

  • Late maturation of layers.
  • The difficulty of nursing chickens.
  • Low egg production.
  • Demanding on feed.
Unusual decorative appearance - one of the main advantages of the breed.

Feeding and Diet Required

Oryol chickens are unpretentious in food and will be satisfied with any feed composition. However, for proper growth of the bird and maintaining immunity, the breed must be varied. Feed orlovtsev only grain is not permissible. The diet of chickens should be combined. The menu includes cereal mixtures, feed, bran, vegetables (carrots, beets, potatoes, cabbage). In summer, hens are given cut grass, nettles.

Oryol chickens are unpretentious in food and will be satisfied with any feed composition.

Grain mix for Orlov chickens is made from wheat and barley (30% each), buckwheat (5-10%), millet and seeds (10%), corn (10%).

Oryol hens with pleasure eat mash on skunk or meat broth. Blender consists of boiled potatoes, steamed barley with the addition of fish waste and meat and bone meal. Chalk, vitamin and mineral mixtures are regularly added to food.

Important. To preserve the appearance of chickens (beard purity), wet food is mixed with grain.

Cultivation and cultivation

The instinct of chicks in the hens of the Orlov breed is completely absent, so they throw eggs, even if they are laid. Breeding of the breed is possible only with the use of an incubator. Для разведения орловской особи можно использовать яйца, снесённые молодками со второго года жизни. Более молодые особи полноценного яйца не дают. Инкубация яиц не отличается от других пород, но дальнейший уход требует некоторых особенных условий.

Important.During the chicks hatching in the incubator, the temperature should not rise above 41.5 degrees. If this temperature will last at least a day. Brood will decrease by 4-5 times.

Chicks Oryol breed must have enough space for movement.

Chicks of Orlov chickens grow slowly and do not fledge for a long time, so they need careful care, especially in the first month after hatching.

One of the main conditions is enough space for chickens to move. They must run to develop musculature correctly. If there is no place to run, chickens develop a weak leg. Rapid growth and proper development is ensured by walks of orlovtsev chickens in the fresh air. From 2 months of age in warm weather, chickens can spend the whole day outside.

Since the feather in chickens begins to grow rather late, it is necessary to keep them in the first two months in a dry, heated room. Humidity litter when growing chickens is not valid.

Feeding chicks is organized according to the following scheme:

  • 1-5 days - chopped boiled egg or cottage cheese with corn flour or boiled millet.
  • 5-10 days - wet mash on the back. The basis of the mash is special feed, wheat bran, finely chopped greens, boiled carrots.
  • From 1 to 10 day feeding is carried out 6-7 times in knocks.
  • From 10 to 30 days - 4 - 5 times.
  • From the 30th day - 3 times.
The first two months of chickens kept in a dry, heated room.

Poultry farmers reviews

Natalia. I got myself Orlovtsev three years ago and I am very pleased. Birds are stately, beautiful, steadily rushing. Rooster important, proud. In a fight just does not climb, but their chickens in the offense would not give. Chickens are just tame. Even purring like a cat.

Lydia I have 3 hens and 1 rooster of Oryol breed. 3 chickens give 2 eggs daily. I do not agree with the opinion about the impossibility of keeping them with other chickens. I live in a crowd, the rooster does not attack anyone. True strangers other roosters to their ladies do not admit.

Stepan. Breeding Oryol chickens gives a lot of problems. It is difficult to maintain breed traits and ensure the proper development of chickens. The meat is rougher after 8-9 months, so I do not advise cocks to grow to adulthood. Eggs are small, despite the size of the chickens themselves.

We offer to view a video review of the breed of hens Orlovskaya. Enjoy your viewing!

History and appearance

Oryol breed often met in the nineteenth century on the territory of Russia. Bred interesting, colorful birds in all areas. It is not known exactly which species were involved in breeding, but scientists assume the participation of Persian, Malayan fighting, Brugge chickens and Russian earflaps. The result was birds, which abroad began to be called Russian.

The first description was found in the notes of the notorious graph Orlov-Chesmensky (1737-1807), who apparently financially helped the development of the breed. But official recognition and standard orlovtsy received only in 1914.

At present, the pure breed has practically disappeared, but many subspecies have appeared. Only in the VNITIP collection a clean line has been preserved.

Chickens look like this:

  1. Birds with outstanding muscles and a strong skeleton. Height up to 60 cm.
  2. Legs are tall, strong.
  3. The neck is long, covered with thick plumage.
  4. The head is small with a flat nape.
  5. The beak is short, wide, slightly curved.
  6. The comb is small, red in color, covered with pimples, which makes it look like half a raspberry. Located "decoration" on the front of the head, almost above the nostrils.
  7. The eyes are deeply hidden under the overhanging brow ridges, which makes the representatives of the breed look aggressive.

White to dark red plumage. Individuals with variegated attire are separated into a separate subspecies and are called “calico”. There is a dwarf form. The birds have exactly the same appearance and habits, but small sizes.

Attention! After the Great Patriotic War, German breeders took up the disappearing breed. Now there are 2 independent branches: Russian and German.

Breed features

Orlovtsy unpretentious and can adapt to any climatic conditions. Roosters are aggressive, so if there are several males in the henhouse, fights are inevitable. Chickens are smaller in size. Begin to rush late. Up to 80 eggs are brought in a year. The hens are none, therefore they breed the breed with the help of incubators.

Chickens are hard to grow. Young animals require a lot of attention and special conditions of housing. In the offspring such deviation as crookedness is often encountered. The young growth is slowly growing and late fledge. Full development of the representatives of the breed reach the age of two. At this time, individuals appear in all its glory. Adults are distinguished by their stamina, unpretentiousness to food and maintenance.

Professionals distinguish the following external features of the breed:

  1. Lush feather cover on the head, resembling a mane.
  2. Wide frontal bone.
  3. Torso with developed muscles.
  4. Little comb

Maintenance and care

Although the Orlov chickens are considered to be unpretentious breed, it is necessary to create comfortable living conditions for them. The correct content increases the decorativeness of the bird and supports health at the proper level.

The breed appeared in the cool climate of Russia, therefore, resistant to frost. However, the chicken coop is required warmed, without drafts. Placing orlovtsev in the house should take into account the aggressive nature of the birds. It is better to keep in a separate room, but if this option is not possible, you need to divide the chicken coop. The place where chickens live is regularly cleaned and treated with disinfectants. This minimizes the spread of disease. Much attention is paid to young. Before the first molt, birds are very vulnerable.

The representatives of the breed are well developed wings, so they spend the night on perches located at a height of 1 m from the floor. At the same level equip nests for layers.

Attention! Dwarf species reach maturity faster and easier to keep, but as aggressive as their major relatives.

What to feed the breed

To food orlovskie chickens unassuming. The diet includes foods, as well as for other varieties. The basis of the menu consists of: root vegetables, fruits and vegetables, grain. Dairy products (whey, yogurt, cottage cheese) give the bird. Of these products are prepared mash, which are well absorbed.

In summer, cocks and chickens should consume greens, and in winter hay. Bird like insects and worms. Orlovtsy with pleasure eat May beetles and earthworms, but you should not abuse “live” food - obesity develops.

In addition to the products listed, chickens need vitamin and mineral supplements. They are given chalk, fish, meat and bone meal, calcium supplements. Some lovers feed the bird with combined feed, which includes all the necessary elements. Young animals require more attention and a different diet. Chickens are fed boiled eggs and semolina. The menu is gradually expanded and, by several months, the older generation is being transferred to adult food.

Oryol hens - a unique breed that will suit lovers of rare birds. The species requires special attention, but over time, the "maned" individuals with colorful feathers will be the pride of the owner of the house.

External characteristic of the Oryol calico

The special fighting structure of the body and beard is the first thing that catches the eye in the exterior of the hens of this breed. Such a remarkable feature could not be overlooked by professional judges of ornamental chickens. Therefore, this breed of birds can often be found at various exhibitions and shows.

These are birds with a strong, slightly elongated body, thick plumage and massive shoulders. They are very tall (about 60 centimeters), have strong bones and developed muscles. Oryol hens create a predatory species with their appearance. But still, these are very friendly and calm birds.

The brightest external features:

  • well developed frontal part
  • raised neck,
  • long erect neck
  • wide sloping back
  • upstand short tail,
  • round chest
  • "Beard" and well developed tanks,
  • exterior color

Breed traits Oryol calico chickens refers variety of color their feathers. Most often it is a red-motley color, having white or black spots-pearls on a brown background. Sometimes black individuals or birds with white, nutty, black and motley, scarlet black-breasted coat color can meet.

Natural deficiencies of calico hens, leading to their culling

  1. Small stature.
  2. Narrow, horizontally set body.
  3. Hunchbacked back.
  4. Not enough weight.
  5. Thin, long and straight beak.
  6. Narrow back or chest.
  7. Underdeveloped head plumage.
  8. Black beard
  9. The other color is plus and beak.
  10. Residual plumage on the hind legs and fingers.
  11. The main color is red-brown.

Productive characteristics

The average weight of birds reaches 3.6 kilograms. They are great laying henwho are already one year old able to give up to one hundred and sixty eggs, fifty-five grams each.

Owners of chickens of this breed are very appreciate their fertilityas well as their attachment to the nest and the house. Even if you let them go for a walk, they will still return home. Unfortunately, Oryol chickens can not be called good mothers. They can throw their eggs, since the incubation instinct they have developed is very bad.

Oryol calico - very large birds, giving a large yield of tasty dietary meat.

Optimum conditions of detention

One of the advantages of this old Russian breed of chickens is their unpretentiousness and endurance. They do not require a special diet or any special conditions of detention. Any amateur poultry breeder will be able to cope with the breeding of Oryol calico.

Chickens of this breed of chickens develop slowly and often suffer from weak-footedness and cryopathy.

Due to the fact that their plumage appears rather late, they are prone to colds during cold or wet weather. Due to such characteristics, chicks should be kept on dry and warm bedding.

Youngsters need to run, develop muscles, so more space should be allocated for them. This is especially important for breeds of fighting type.

If it is warm enough outside, then chickens should start walking from 1–2 months of age, as they grow worse in cramped rooms.

Natural conditions of detention are the best for Oryol calico hens. Most of the time they have to spend on the street. In any weather, they feel great, and they are not afraid of either frost or rain.

Breeders with experience in maintaining this breed build premises for them, in which there is no heating and light, but there is an open-air cage with free access.

For hens, nests are made at a height of about one meter from the floor level.

What to feed high-species

There are no special dietary requirements for the Oryol calico print. For them fit:

  • Grain mix from the store.
  • Mixes prepared independently: 30% barley and wheat and 5% seeds, millet, unrefined buckwheat, corn.
  • Compound feed for farm birds, which contain vitamin supplements, proteins, minerals.
  • Different wet mash: boiled potatoes with the addition of steamed barley, meat and bone meal, fish waste.

Supplement to the main feed:

  1. From August to October oats should be added.
  2. For the development of muscles and increase egg production chickens need iron. Therefore, unpeeled buckwheat is added to their basic diet.
  3. In summer, chickens need juicy young grass (nettle is best suited).
  4. Added vegetables (carrots, cabbage, beets), seeds, hay.
  5. Required chickens and sources of protein contained in soybean meal and cake (up to 20%).

It is worth noting that the feeders should be Free access. Given the small size of the beak, there must be appropriate water and feed facilities.

Breeding breed

It is very difficult to get representatives of this breed of hens. In the industry, Oryol hens are not bred, despite the excellent indicators of meat productivity. You can meet them at poultry breeders, or in special breeding collections.

A farmer who decides to plant this rare exotic bird will have to prepare for the difficulties of raising chickens and young stock.

But, despite the many difficulties that lie in wait for the breeders of this old Russian breed of hens, the Oryol calico is sure will decorate the farm and will be a reason for pride.

External characteristics

The appearance of the hens can not fail to fascinate. Since their distant ancestors belonged to the fighting category, from them they inherited a stately build, a proud camp, and a beautiful, abundant plumage.

A more detailed description of the external signs below.

  1. Roosters have a typical torso structure. Vertical setting, elongated and well developed body. Pronounced musculature and a well-formed skeleton.
  2. Ladies are slightly inferior to roosters in terms of physique. The case is horizontal. The body is not so elongated, with soft, rounded shapes, but the muscles are still pronounced. The shape of the body they have more consistent meat and egg category.
  3. Paws of roosters are rather long, well-formed tarsus. In females, the paws are slightly shorter and thinner, with pronounced shins and thick, wide hips. The bird has 4 fingers, the tarsus is yellow or wheat-colored.
  4. The plumage is dense, adjacent to the body with a large number of heel. Such warm feathery coats allow them to easily endure all the harsh Russian winter, even in the coldest regions.
  5. The feather cover features a long, fluffy tail, in roosters with curled, sickle-shaped kosits. The females have a vertical tail. The abundance of feather is observed in the area of ​​the neck and the saddle. Zest - a beautiful, neat beard and tanks.
  6. In Klush and roosters small head with a miniature red scallop and the same ear lobes. There are bristle patches on the face.
  7. The maximum weight of an adult rooster is up to 3.5-4 kg, and the chickens weigh a maximum of 2.5-3. The average body weight is from 2.2 kg to 3.1 kg.

Birds are presented in a variety of colors, among which the following are popular:

  • red with brown or black breast,
  • white,
  • the black,
  • calico,
  • clayey,
  • red and white.

In addition to the main breed, the efforts of breeders succeeded in obtaining a dwarf copy of winged beauties. Dwarfs differ only in terms of weight and miniature size.

Based on the genetic characteristics, it can be assumed that the “eagles” have a sharp temper, since fighting blood flows in their veins. But it is not so. Roosters are a bit aggressive, but they do not attack for no reason and quite tolerably coexist within their species.

The Oryol breed of chickens is not suitable for sharing with representatives of other species, because it can lead to various conflicts and even losses. In general, winged beauties are very active, noisy and restless. The ears lead a more measured lifestyle, are malleable and obedient.

Hatching instinct

Layers are independent and responsible moms, who have a well-developed incubation instinct. They do an excellent job of incubating and produce healthy, viable offspring.

In order to settle the eggs, it is necessary to collect the hatching eggs in advance, check them and provide Mommy with suitable, comfortable conditions for the time of incubation.

Egg production

The variety is considered as meat-egg, that is equally productive in both directions. These ears are well carried, however, they start laying late, they ripen by about 7-8 months, and sometimes later, if the diet is not balanced or there are errors in the care.

The Oryol breed of chickens has an average number of eggs in the first year of laying - up to 180 pieces. With each subsequent year, the number gradually decreases.

Above mentioned excellent maternal qualities of chickens. Oryol moms do well with motherhood and hatch chicks on their own. Chickens are born viable, the percentage of mortality during the first three weeks is no more than 4%.

The basic principles of feeding are traditional.

  1. It is necessary for the first week to feed the offspring with eggs, cottage cheese, greens and small grains.
  2. From the second week of life, it is advisable to switch to a full-fledged starting diet.
  3. Use high-protein feed - industrial or home production.
  4. It is important that the food is balanced and meets all the requirements of feeding meat and egg chicks.
  5. Regularly in the diet you must enter the greens and vegetables, but this should be done gradually.
  6. Already a month after the birth, chicks enter a phase of intensive growth. Not only the volume of food consumed increases gradually, but also the need for proteins, calcium, fats for healthy growth.
  7. Chickens are fed according to the standard mode. This means that the first weeks you need the maximum number of meals, which is gradually reduced to three feedings per day.

In addition to food, chickens should always have water - clean, settled or purified using a filter. Chickens can be replaced in part by water with not strong black tea, infusion of pharmacy chamomile, fermented milk drinks.

В случае обнаружения заболевших в стаде детенышей, необходимо срочно произвести изоляцию, продезинфицировать все, с чем контактировала больная особь и в целях профилактики пропоить остальных курсом антибиотика.

Кормление взрослого стада

Взрослое семейство выкармливается по традиционной схеме. For feathered herds, you need the use of balanced feed according to age, greenery and vegetables.

Be sure to periodically appear in the feeder of the adult family of products that contain animal proteins - dairy products, meat and fish trimmings. Without this, it will not be possible to maintain the decorativeness and beauty of the plumage. Feeding tips:

  • it is desirable to use only dry food,
  • in the daily diet must be present fats,
  • in the winter it is recommended to introduce additional food in the evening
  • use germinated grain,
  • periodically add feathery baker's yeast to the menu,
  • during the period of active masonry supplement the menu with premixes or mineral additives.

Oryol hens should not be hungry for too long - it affects egg laying and appearance. The optimal interval between meals is 5-6 hours. In the summer, it is desirable to organize a good range, where the herd will be able to find greens and pasture.

Frequent diseases

Oryol chickens are not prone to disease at all, but there are preventive rules that must be followed. The fluffy plumage of hens is under threat, therefore it is necessary to protect it from parasites especially carefully. The most dangerous pests are ticks and lice. Pukhoyedy almost instantly deprive the animals of the main dignity - their feathers.

Ticks carry dangerous infectious diseases that may become epidemic in nature. In addition, the herd needs standard preventive vaccinations against common infectious diseases of chickens.

Like most chickens, feathered "eagles" are subject to shedding - seasonal renewal of plumage. The only difference is that the process is slightly delayed due to the very abundant feather cover. Rules of care and feeding in the season of molting:

  • It is important to reduce the length of daylight hours.
  • provide warmth for molting individuals,
  • add in the diet of healthy fats,
  • increase the nutritional value of the diet, enrich it with proteins,
  • supplement with vitamins and minerals daily menu.

The Oryol breed of chickens molts for about 30–40 days and at this time stops laying. During this period there is an increased risk of the spread of viral and bacterial infections, so it is important to carefully monitor the family and, if necessary, isolate the diseased in time. In addition, it is important that the poultry farmer is able to distinguish seasonal moulting from parasitic infections and other diseases accompanied by loss of feathers.

Planned stock replacement

You can update the population of the house every 3 years. For breeding select the largest and freshest eggs, check them with special devices. As a hen it is better to attract older quicks, which are already practically not rushing - such individuals best cope with the task of motherhood.

Advantages and disadvantages

It is only possible to compare the advantages and disadvantages of the species under consideration. Of course, against the background of highly productive cross-countries, the feathered “eagles” lose, but they have other advantages besides productivity:

  • good health,
  • attractive appearance
  • cold resistance
  • high vitality
  • unpretentiousness.

Among the shortcomings can be noted a bit complicated care due to the specific appearance and relatively low productivity in the laying of eggs. As for the rest, the Oryol breed of chickens is excellent and excellent for both small private farms and for keeping on farms.

That's all that you can tell about Oryol Kvochkah. Share the read material with your friends and like-minded people - it will be interesting to them too.

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