Hisex Brown is a highly specialized hybrid of chickens, the so-called cross, featuring a strong build, but small in size.
The color of the feathers is bright brown, in rare cases white markings may appear on the tips of the feathers. The feather cover is dense, the feathers themselves are strong, about them you can easily cut yourself.
Comb - large, strong, well-defined. The legs are large, strong, fairly wide apart. The head of a medium-sized chicken, the color of the beak and legs can vary from light to bright yellow.
This breed of chickens is distinguished by its docile nature, a sufficient degree of plodding and livability, which allows keeping them together with other birds, be it ducks, geese, or chickens of other breeds.
Chickens are good to humans, aggression is not observed even from the roosters. Roosters and chickens are extremely active., they are constantly in motion and therefore need a large space.
Haysex Brown was initially raised on an industrial scale; the first chickens of this breed appeared on the farms of the Ukrainian SSR and Tyumen Oblast of Russia.
Very quickly, the breed came to the attention of farmers and chickens were bred in households. At this time, Hisex Brown - it is still more domestic than industrial hens, although they can be found in farms specializing in the sale of eggs.
Characteristics, description and photo
An adult chicken with the correct feeding mode is capable of reaching a weight of 2.5 kilograms, while the weight of the rooster varies between 2.8 and 3 kilograms.
Chickens and roosters become sexually mature by the 20th week of life, after which they are ready to mate and lay eggs.
Hisex Brown has a high egg production rate, in just 100 days, one chicken can carry up to 96 eggs, in the year from one hen you can get almost 363 eggs. In this case, the weight of one egg is not less than 70 grams.
To demolish one egg a chicken needs to eat about 0.128 grams of feed per day. The color of the egg shell is white or dark.
Breeding chickens Highsex Brown
The secret to growing healthy chickens with a good body weight is to create acceptable conditions for them. Hisex Brown is not picky about temperature and humidity conditions, it is allowed to dilute both at very low and at elevated temperatures.
When keeping chickens in a chicken coop, care must be taken to ensure that the temperature does not fall below 12 degrees, which can be achieved by warming the walls and floor of the room, or by providing artificial heating. As a litter it is best to use dry straw.
The room where chickens are kept, should be warm and well ventilated, chickens are afraid of drafts, therefore it is necessary to carefully monitor that all windows and doors are always closed.
Chickens and young chickens should be purchased exclusively from proven breeders, remembering that in Hisex Brown is a hybrid, which in industry is bred under the constant control of a veterinarian who tracks minimal fluctuations in temperature, light and feed.
When crossed with other breeds of chickens, Hisex Brown do not pass on to posterity their breed qualities, because they are not fixed at the genetic level, which leads to the need to constantly update the number of purebred chickens.
Content of chickens of this breed
Just bought young stock is afraid of cold, for normal growth and development of the chicken it is necessary that the temperature in the room does not fall below 22 degrees, if necessary you should install incandescent lamps and heaters.
Quite small daily and monthly chicks can be kept in the house, equipping for this purpose a separate well heated room. Care must be taken not only to ensure that the chicks do not freeze, but also so that they do not overheat.
Overheated chickens look tired and sleepy, they react poorly to movements, almost do not get up and gradually die.
Statistics show that Hisex Brown chick survival rate reaches 99%, but at home, to ensure such a high survival rate is almost impossible.
Practice shows that out of 100 chicks, maturity reaches just over 75-80 pieces. The remaining 20-25 chickens are dying from cold, overheating, poisoning, parasites, and an unfortunate set of circumstances.
How to start feeding
Small chickens should be fed with boiled eggs, finely chopped green sorrel, dandelion and other plants. Instead of water, fresh, slightly warmed milk should be poured into the chickens' watering bowl, and care should be taken to ensure that chicks do not drink prokishee milk, otherwise they may become ill.
Adult chickens and roosters should be fed balanced feed with a high content of vitamins and proteins. The food supply of adults should consist of green nettle, vegetables, legumes, chalk and coal.
When feeding chickens, it is necessary to observe the feeding regime, gradually transferring the young individuals to mixed feed.
Experienced farmers manage to reduce mortality among this hybrid chicken to almost the minimum, which is achieved through timely vaccination and helminthization.
Hisex Brown rarely gets sick, but when kept together with geese, ducks and birds of other breeds, they may well be attacked by lice, or helminths, be poisoned by poor-quality food, or fall victim to common avian diseases such as brucellosis, pullorosis, salmonella, and staphylococcus.
Most of these diseases are treated by the timely introduction of antibiotics into the daily diet of birds.
Symptoms of the disease are:
- weakness joints,
- the absence of appetite,
- absence or desire drink water,
- inflammation throat,
- cramps respiratory tract and muscles.
Sick birds must be isolated from healthy ones. After contact with them you should wash your hands and face with soap and rinse your mouth with alcohol.
The survival rate of chickens is high, but still cases of mass mortality are not considered an exception, because while breeding chickens, attention should be paid to the cleanliness of the litter, as well as the freshness of food and water consumed by birds.
Should do not allow other animals to drink and feed, especially cats and dogs.
For the normal content of Hisex Brown, it is necessary that the room always had boxes of sand mixture consisting of sand and wood ash. Chickens love to bathe in dust, sand helps birds maintain personal hygiene. In addition, this bath prevents the occurrence of parasites.
At home, it is preferable to keep the birds on the floor, providing the coop with the necessary number of perches. One chicken needs at least 25 centimeters of free space. When industrial breeding birds are usually kept in cages.
In the conditions of a small farm cellular content is meaningless because it involves not only a large number of expensive cells, but also artificial lighting, air conditioning, organization of the feeding system and cleaning.
In addition, Hisex Brown, as already stated above, does not tolerate a closed and cramped space, because in one cage can not be more than 2-3 chickens.
In this regard, simple floor maintenance is much more profitable, since it does not require taking care of the constant availability of electricity to ensure the operation of air conditioners and heaters.
The usual floor content has its advantages also in the fact that it is possible to let the birds out into the street, or into the pen without long fussing with the opening of many cages.
Breeding Hisex Brown at home is full of exceptional strengths, such as:
- high survivability the birds
- increased egg production,
- resilience to parasites and various diseases,
- unpretentiousness to the conditions of the contents
- ability to bear low temperatures for a long time.
- lack of instinct in many birds hatching,
- impossibility transferring egg qualities to offspring when crossed with birds of other breeds,
- exactingness to the spacious room and constant availability of free space,
- birds are demanding to food base, grow well and rush only by eating highly nutritious and high-quality feed,
- perfect results can only be achieved by crossing with birds of the Leggorn breed.
Breeding chickens and cockerels Hisex Brown have been doing recently. Externally, the birds look very cute, their character is calm and docile. They feed exclusively on feed.
The only minus noted by me - the lack of chicken Instinta laying eggs in the roost. I solved this problem by placing an ordinary cricket ball or some round ball on the bottom of the perch.
It is necessary to trace the chicken and at the moment when it is about to start laying, transplant it to the roost.
I don't particularly like an experienced farmer, because I prefer to raise birds for the sake of eggs. The real find in this regard was the highsex brown, bought by me at one of the agricultural exhibitions.
These birds are very small in size, but very very tenacious, out of 10 chickens bought by me, 9 survived, which I consider to be a very good indicator. I advise all farmers.
I had never been interested in birds before, but I retired and decided to start a few chickens for my own use. My neighbor advised me to buy Hisex Brown, assuring me that I could not find more beautiful, tenacious and profitable birds. This description is very interested.
Basically I was satisfied with the purchase, the only thing that does not suit is that chickens need high-quality feed, the cost of which is not always allowable for a pensioner’s wallet.
More reviews and tips on breeding Hisex Brown can be found on the poultry forums:
poultry farmers forum
So, Hisex Brown is one of the best egg-bearing hybrids, which can be maintained both in industrial and at home.
Externally, the birds are small, the maximum weight of roosters when feeding high-class feeds barely reaches 3 kilograms, which in principle is unimportant, since Hisex Brown is valued for a large number of eggs that can be obtained from each layer.
Birds have a high degree of survival, because the mistakes made in the content will be easy to fix.
Do not forget that Hisex Brown is a very freedom-loving birds, extremely fastidious to the free space, because the little hen houses with no windows and no exit to the pen, they are practically not suitable.
The breed of chickens Haysex was obtained in the Netherlands by the specialists of the company “Evribrid”. When it was bred, the breeders set themselves three main tasks:
reducing the weight of chickens, and, consequently, reducing the amount of feed they consume,
increase in the size of the eggs themselves.
And all these three goals were achieved by the specialists in full. White leggorn and New Hampshire were used as parent breeds for the new hybrid.
Hisex (breed of chickens): general description
What does this popular hybrid look like? There are only two main varieties of hesex chickens at the moment:
It is believed that the white Haysex crosses are more endurance. The young of such a bird is usually 100% preserved. Breed of chickens Hisex Brown in appearance is very similar to rhodonites well known to many summer residents. The number of young birds in such a bird is 90%.
The comb in all chickens Haysex has a rich red color and hangs to the side. When choosing such a bird on the market, owners of household plots should be as attentive as possible. Since the chickens are small, some vendors may give adult hesex breeds (2-3 years) as pullets. In order not to be mistaken with the choice, it is worth looking at the legs of the bird when buying. In pullets they are light yellow, and in adult chickens they are gray.
The breed of chickens Hisex, among other things, also has one interesting feature. It is possible to distinguish the cockerel of this hybrid from a hen at the age of one day. For homeowners, this is certainly a big plus. Chickens Hayseks covered with light yellow down, and chickens - beige.
The sizes of these chickens, as already mentioned, are very small. Weight they reach only about 1.4-1.8 kg. In brown browns, this indicator may in some cases be equal to 2 kg. The males of both species usually reach a weight of 2.3-2.6 kg.
Some farmers are interested in including how to distinguish leggorn chickens from highsex. The answer to this question is relatively simple. Leggorny is slightly larger than highsex. Chickens of this breed weigh about 2 kg, males - 3 kg. In addition, the birds of this breed are not so large scallops.
Mature age Hayseks of both species reach a little earlier than birds of almost any other breed - by 4-4.5 months. For the year, one Haysex chicken can carry up to 300 eggs. The weight of the latter, despite the small size of the hen itself, can vary between 65-70 grams. Some chickens of this breed carry enormous eggs at all - for 90 g. But owners of such a unique bird, unfortunately, in certain cases, may have problems with its content. In such a small chicken, a huge egg (almost duck in weight) can simply be stuck in the oviduct. To save the bird, it has to be operated. Which, in turn, strongly affects the productivity of individuals in the future.
Chicken eggs Haysex-White are not only large in size, but simply excellent taste. Farmers appreciate them, including low cholesterol. A large number of eggs laid during the year — this is why, among other things, the breed of chickens, Highsex Brown, deserved good feedback from farmers. The performance of this variety is slightly better in productivity than in the White bird. Brown chickens of this breed are about 20-30 pieces. In the year of eggs more white.
Compared with many other breeds, Haysexes, according to many farmers, have another important advantage. Unlike modern crosses, such chickens in the second and even third year practically do not reduce productivity.
The heisex breed of hens in farms can be kept by both cellular and outdoor methods. In any case, 4 individuals must have at least 1 m 3 of free space. In the shed for this breed, be sure to arrange good ventilation. Damp and stale air, these chickens do not like.
The cold highsexes suffer, unfortunately, much worse than most domestic breeds. Therefore, the floor in the barn should be covered with a layer of sawdust at least 15 cm thick. In winter, the room with chickens must be heated. Otherwise, the bird will not only cease to run, but may even completely freeze. The temperature in the barn must necessarily be above zero (about +12 o C).
Perches for these chickens are usually located at a height of 60 cm from the floor. In this case it will be convenient for the hens to climb on them. In addition, in winter the bird will not freeze. Laying nests are installed in the most secluded and dark places of the house. Experienced farmers are not advised to make them too low and deep. Otherwise, the bird will be worse to be carried.
Chickens of this breed are relatively demanding not only to heat, but also to light. There should be several windows in the house. In addition, sufficient bulbs should be placed inside the shed. Light day for this bird should last at least 17 hours a day (even in winter).
How to feed
The ration for these chickens is supposed to develop a little different from that for ordinary laying hens. They feed Hisex 2-3 times a day with mash and grain. In addition, the diet must include legumes and corn. Foods in the troughs of these chickens are poured as much as they can fully eat in 30 minutes. Of course, they should not sour the mash potatoes in the troughs.
In addition, universal premixes with a wide range of microelements in the composition should be mixed into the feed for these chickens. In particular, the highsex white breed of hens needs such additives. Without premix, this bird can greatly reduce productivity.
Water in drinking bowls at highsex should always be fresh. In order for chickens not to catch any infection, it is worth periodically adding a little potassium permanganate to it.
What problems might a farmer face?
Hisex Brown is a breed of chickens (its description was given above), in food, thus, is relatively unpretentious. For a variety of white ration should be made more closely. But unfortunately, quite often farmers growing this breed are faced with such a problem as slander back and paws. In order to exclude cases of cannibalism, when keeping these chickens, experienced poultry farmers advise to use red lamps in the shed. If pecking will still appear, they should be treated with brilliant green or iodine.
Sometimes hesex breeds also begin to pluck feathers from themselves or from neighbors in the barn. Чтобы такого не происходило, в еду птице нужно добавлять немного кормовой серы.
Как получить цыплят
Since Hisex is not a pure breed, but a cross, it is, of course, impossible to obtain qualitative offspring from it in the backyard conditions. Incubating an egg of such chickens is, in principle, possible. However, chickens reared in this way will not inherit the high productivity of their parents. Actually the hens of the Haysex breed never incubate. Their maternal instinct, unfortunately, is completely lost.
To get young stock of this breed at home, thus, it is possible only from the hatching eggs purchased from the breeding farm or at the poultry farm. Sell it for about 11 rubles apiece. Haysex eggs are incubated in the same way as any other laying eggs.
Thus, the highsex chicken breed is actually characterized by very high rates of productivity. This bird, and especially brown, however, is not well adapted to the climatic conditions of Russia. Some difficulties with its content from farmers sometimes still arise. Therefore, on the basis of this breed, Russian breeders also created a four-line cross dawn-17. The appearance of these chickens are exactly the same as highsexes. The same applies to performance indicators. The only difference between dawn-17 and highsex is insensitivity to low temperatures.
What do farmers think about the breed
So, this hybrid in terms of productivity is relatively good. The opinion of homeowners about these crosses has developed very positive. The main advantage of chickens of this breed, farmers believe, of course, is very high egg production rates. By productivity, highsexes are superior to most of today's popular breeds.
Also, the advantages of a hybrid is that it is carried very long. Chickens of Haysex Brown breed farmers in this regard do not deserve as good as wights. The white variety of this bird even on the third year of its laying lays its eggs almost daily. Brown, however, is well carried, unfortunately, mostly only in the first 2 years.
Of course, there are not only positive reviews about these chickens. According to the farmers, there are some disadvantages to highsex. The disadvantages of chickens in this breed include, for example, poor resistance to cold and a tendency to peck. White Crosses farm owners are also considered too shy. The Haysex Brown breed of chickens has a more even temper. However, representatives of both species often show aggressiveness towards another economic bird.
Many farmers believe the lack of self-preservation instinct to be a drawback of these chickens. For example, this bird can freely try to take food from a dog. That, most likely, will end badly for her.
Hisex is a young breed bred by breeders from Holland in 1970. These chickens are the cross, born by crossing White Leggorn and New Hampshire. From these breeds, the Hisexes inherited two variants of the color and were presented in two varieties: Hisex White and Hisex Brown.
In Russia, cross-Hisex first appeared in 1974, when it was decided to start breeding this breed in poultry farms of the Crimea. Initially, only one farm in the Ukrainian Union Republic was engaged in breeding the breed. The results impressed the agricultural leadership of the USSR, and the breed began to spread in the North Caucasus, the Urals, Siberia and the central part of Russia.
Cross Hisex received a high rating and gained immense popularity. By 1998, the breed has conquered the whole world.
When conducting breeding work by scientists of the company "Evribid" originally high white was obtained. The bird was distinguished by a large body weight and high fertility. Later, to increase egg production, another highly specialized hybrid was developed - Hisex Brown.
This bird was characterized by increased egg production. The resulting variety is also resistant to infectious diseases, so many farms ousted its white counterpart. The Haysex Brown Cross was based on the Leghorn, New Hampshire and Rhode Island genes.
Description and characteristics of the cross, photos
The appearance of chickens highsex is characterized by harmonious physique and graceful movements. This is a vigorous, active bird with a neat, right body. Breed characteristics of the cross depend on its variety.
The appearance of white highsex has many common characteristics with leggorn hens. The build of a bird is not too massive, rather elongated. The plumage is white with brown spots on the ends of some feathers. The bird's head is small, with a leaf-shaped comb of red color. Bird weight - 1.7-1.8 kg.
Subspecies Hisex Brown is a breed of egg direction. These chickens are slightly larger than whites' highsexes, their weight reaches 2.5 kilograms. The color of bird plumage is golden brown. On the tips of the feathers are white spots. The bird has a powerful torso, a bit narrowed to the tail. Legs are of medium length. The tail is magnificent. The head is small, decorated with bright red, hanging on its side with a comb.
Both species of the breed have a docile nature, livable with other birds. Goodsexes are good to man. Poultry farmers say that brown Hisex character is more relaxed than white. Even roosters do not show aggression towards strangers. The breed is active, so you need a large enough space for it.
The hens of Hisex breed have a large crest hanging on its side.
Conditions of detention and care
High productivity of hesex chickens can be achieved by creating good living conditions for them and proper feeding.
The internal space of the chicken coop must be equipped for a comfortable living of birds.
When setting up a chicken coop is to adhere to the following rules:
- The area of the premises is at least one square meter for 3-4 birds. Crampedness provokes fights in the henhouse and even cases of cannibalism (chickens start pecking at each other).
- No drafts and dampness. The coop must be ventilated, but without access to cold air.
- The temperature in the room is not lower than 12-13 degrees. It is necessary to warm the walls. A litter of 5-7 centimeters thick of straw, sawdust or peat is laid on the floor.
- Clean room. The litter changes regularly. Walls, nests, perches, feeders are disinfected 2-3 times a year.
- The internal space of the chicken coop must be equipped for a comfortable living of birds. Perches 4-5 centimeters wide are installed at a height of 60-70 centimeters from the floor. Nests are hung on walls to a height of 50-60 centimeters and covered with hay. The elongated feeders are located at a height of 30-40 centimeters from the floor. The length of the feeder should ensure that all the chickens are located around it at the same time. The calculation is made in such a way that there is at least 25 centimeters per head.
- Additionally, inside the chicken coop is installed capacity with sand and ash mixture. This "bath" is designed for self-rid chickens from insect parasites.
Chickens Hisex can be contained in the cells. But the possibility of walking under ultraviolet rays stimulates the production of vitamin in chickens.D, which greatly increases egg production.
Feeding organization and diet
Haysex chickens need a special menu. Food for them must be balanced and contain all the necessary components. There are two ways to organize feeding.
The first method is the use of ready-made specialized feed. This method is quite expensive, but the bird in this case is guaranteed to receive all the components necessary for the production of high-quality eggs.
Council Poultry farmers say that the best Haysex chickens eat food painted in blue from red or orange tanks.
The second method is the preparation of feed on its own. It should be guided by the following proportions: 40% for wheat and corn, 20% for legumes. This is the main composition of the feed that the hens should receive daily.
Supplement to the main food for any type of feeding are vegetables (pumpkin, carrots, zucchini), cake, meal, fish meal and fish. Useful supplements in the form of fresh grass in summer and grass granules or hay in winter.
Haysex hens are fed with specialized or homemade feed.
In the feed must periodically need to include vitamin and mineral supplements. As a source of calcium, chickens are given crushed chalk, shell rock, and ground egg shells.
Breeding breed Hisex
Hisex is a cross, not a pure breed, therefore breeding “in itself” in the conditions of a private farm is impossible. Incubation of eggs is in principle quite possible, and chicks will hatch from them. But the brood does not inherit the productive qualities of the highsex breed. It is worth noting that the hesex layers do not have maternal instincts. They do not make a special laying and do not sit on the eggs.
Haysex cross-breeding chickens can be obtained from eggs acquired in a special nursery. The process of incubating eggs is standard. Chickens hatch in 20-21 days.
Alternatively, you can purchase a daily chickens in the nursery. When buying, you should pay attention to the color of the down of babies: cockerels are much lighter than chickens, which already have a brownish tint a day.
Chickens of Hisex breed cannot be bred at home, they are bought at the poultry farm.
If the proposed chicks have their beaks bent like a parrot, they should be abandoned. This suggests that the bird is sick with micromelias. This disease develops from a lack of biotin and manganese. The nestling, sick with micromelium, will die within a month, as it will not be possible to cure it.
Baby birds begin to feed boiled eggs and corn porridge. Then wheat, barley cereals, boiled vegetables, sliced green onions are introduced into the menu. Experts recommend immediately begin feeding a special factory feed.
The number of feedings depends on the age of the chicks:
- up to 14 days - 6-7 times,
- from 14 days to 2 months - 4 times,
- after 2 months - 3 times.
Important. Chicks should always have clean bedding and fresh drinking water. To prevent the development of infections in the water, it is recommended to add several crystals of potassium permanganate.
Problems of keeping heisex hens and their characteristic diseases
The bird of this breed is distinguished by its remarkable vitality and strong immunity, therefore death from infections is rarely threatened.
Chicken Hisex have strong immunity, resistant to infections.
However, vaccination against incurable diseases Chickens Hisex needed. Chickens are vaccinated against Marek's disease, Newcastle disease, an infectious bursal disease. Birds also need protection from helminths and skin parasites (lice and fleas, puropeedy), which can also become a source of disease.
In contact with wild birds, cats, dogs or in unsanitary conditions, chickens can become infected with staphylococcus, brucellosis, salmonella. Signs of infection are weakness of the bird, lack of appetite, exhaustion, weakness of the joints. The sick bird is urgently separated from the herd and shown to the vet. Diseases are treated with antibiotics.
When breeding chickens Hisex, another problem may arise - damage to the oviduct pullets. Large or twin yolk eggs that form in the oviducts of young layers can get stuck on exit. When rupture may cause bleeding from which the chicken can die.
Poultry farmers often face such a problem as pecking backs and paws, cases of cannibalism. Solving the problem allows the observance of the norms of area for keeping chickens and the use of red lamps in the hen house.
Haysex hens may experience injury to the oviduct.
If Haysex chickens begin to pluck feathers from themselves or other chickens, you should start adding feed sulfur in food. The same supplement is needed during the molting of chickens to speed up the recovery process. During the shedding, you also need to reduce the light day: the lamps in the hen house are not included.
Breeders reviews about the breed
Ksyusha I keep the Hisex breed recently, but I have already managed to appreciate the advantages of the breed. Chickens are calm, docile, they carry a lot of eggs and with a short break in winter. I feed the feed with the addition of vegetables and herbs. One problem - rush anywhere, but not in the nests. Friends advised to put a tennis ball in each nest. I have not tried yet.
Daria. The breed does not suit meat at all: it is almost rubber and no taste. But the eggs are excellent, large, tasty and there are always a lot of them. Chickens Hisex small, but tenacious, practically do not get sick. I buy young stock on the poultry farm. Of the 50 pieces, approximately 45 survive. I feed the chickens only with special feed, which I buy with the chicks.
Eugene. He got two dozen chickens highsex, and very pleased with them. Rush regularly. One minus - they need special food, but for me it's a little expensive. At first, they did not perch. I had to go into the chicken coop when it gets dark and plant them on the poles. Now accustomed. I read the tips that chickens do not need a rooster, because they still can not be bred. I do not agree. Rooster chickens need for order. For 20 chickens one petit is enough.
We offer to watch a short video about layers of the Hisex breed. Enjoy your viewing!