Outwardly similar to the beagle, the Estonian hound is indeed a descendant of this breed. However, there are some differences in her appearance, and besides, “Estonian” possesses several other working qualities. The future owners of dogs of this breed should know - this is, first of all, a hunting dog, and even if you take a puppy from parents who are not used for such activity, it will have a number of specific qualities at the level of genes.
The Estonian Hound is a relatively new breed, and people started breeding it when a ban on hunting roe deer was introduced in Estonia. Then he was supported by a ban on the use in such an event of large dogs capable of scaring these timid animals. The law indicated the following sizes of dogs suitable for participation - the height at the withers should not exceed 45 cm.
Such a legislative initiative encouraged Estonian breeders to work with existing hunting breeds. As a result, in the late 60s of the 20th century, the Estonian hound turned out - the result of crossing the beagle with the hounds - Russian and Swiss, and Foxhound's blood also mixed in.
The resulting dogs were successful in the hunt for the fox and the hare, they are perfectly adapted to the Estonian climate and the requirements of the law. The harmonization of the standard with the International Kennel Federation took place back in 1998, but so far the breed has not received recognition at this level, which does not interfere with its successful breeding.
Breed description Estonian Hound
Growth representatives of the breed are below average, they are strong animals with a lean type of constitution. Height Male - vyzhletsa, varies within 45-52 cm, vyzhlovki (females) - 3 cm below. According to the standard, the dog must comply with the following indicators:
- Head. The skull is rounded, medium width. The muzzle is elongated, with straight lines, well-pronounced brow ridges, a smooth transition from the frontal region. Lips do not droop, dry, tight fitting snout. The bulb is enlarged, with pigmentation of black color, exceptions are individuals with yellow-spotted coat, in which it may have a brown tone. Auricles you can’t call them fat, they are elongated, with a low fit and a tight fit to the head. The ends of the ears are rounded, the dog covering them is short. Eyes medium sized, slightly slanting, with a dark edging of the eyelids and a dark brown iris.
- Torso. The “Estonian” has a dry neck with no wrinkles, the shape is rounded, there is a developed musculature. Thorax wide, barrel-shaped, elongated, of decent depth. The withers are clearly visible, the lumbar region is shortened, widened, with a noticeable bulge. The croup is also short, extended, with a slight slope.
- Limbs. The anterior and posterior are straight, parallel-set, lean, well-boned and well muscled. The forearm is oval, the elbows are sent back, the pasterns are set almost vertically.
The extremities end in oval, arched paws, the fingers are compressed into a strong lump.
Wool coat and colors
Estonian hounds are covered with even, tough, shiny dog hair, with poorly developed undercoat. On the tail it is thicker, somewhat shortened by the end.
There are several colors of the Estonian hound, dogs of black and piebald color with rouge most often occur. Less commonly - brown-piebald in rouge, crimson-piebald and black-necked. The standard does not limit the size of the spots.
The nature of the breed
“Estonians” are quite obedient pets and even during the rut of the game they are able to respond to the call of the owner, immediately calming down. They have excellent physical qualities that are necessary for work: a keen sense of smell, strength, endurance. The dogs of this breed are used for hunting not only small but also fairly large game, for example, wild boar.
Today, more and more people start hounds, including Estonian, as companions, without further use for hunting. Of course, the offspring of such parents loses some of the skills, and the lack of specific training and work affects the characteristics. But still “Estonian”, in fact, remains a hunting dog.
Among the positive qualities that make such a dog an excellent family pet, we can note the following:
- the dog is very attached to the owner and family members,
- always finds a common language with children, during joint games any mistake and inadvertent rudeness to the child will be forgiven,
- aggressive attitude towards people is unacceptable, breeders necessarily discard such individuals,
- like other hounds, Estonians used to be kept in packs, because of this they get on well with other similar individuals and get along well with them.
Unlike other hounds, dogs of this breed have some wariness towards strangers. Such behavior requires mandatory early socialization, but a plus can be called the fact that the dog is capable of performing the work of a watchman. In addition, the dog must necessarily display in public places, otherwise, it may grow cowardly and shy.
How to train Estonian?
Hounds are specific dogs due to their narrow orientation. In the hunt, it is difficult for them to find equal, but traditional training, especially for novice dog breeders, can cause some difficulties.
Estonian easily assimilates the basic skills, and during the assimilation of a more complex program, the dog may become obstinate - she dislikes changes and accepts them only when she considers them to be inevitable. So, the owner may need not only a lot of patience, but also the help of a professional who knows the approach to representatives of such breeds.
Another nuance, to raise such a pet is easier if it is contained in more suitable conditions. With the same hound, the dog will be much more than with his aviary fellow. Especially if the puppy was acquired for future use in hunting - the dog needs a surge and the conditions for the development of certain skills.
The rest of the Estonian hound can be called a cultural dog, which quickly understands the main team, gets acquainted with a place to relax and eat. An adult dog only needs two runs a day.
Naturally, a pet kept in an apartment and receiving constant attention from the owner and the household will be more helpful and accommodating than the dog from the hunting possessions.
If you are going to have a dog as a companion, it is recommended to acquire a 1.5-2.5-month-old puppy and train him yourself. This will allow to correct the behavior of the freedom-loving doggie and develop the necessary qualities.
If a hunter dog is required, then it is best to get it grown up, and when training, do not forget about regular field trips so that the animal becomes familiar with the terrain and its features. The correct charge leads to the fact that the puppy's paws are getting stronger, and this is an important aspect for his further work. The dog should not be afraid of the sounds of shooting - this is a prerequisite for all breeds intended for hunting.
The basic course includes a number of basic commands: “Sit!”, “Come to me!”, “Foo!”, Etc. As soon as the puppy crossed the threshold of the house, it should be introduced to the basic rules of living with a person:
- the pet must know its place
- being banned on sofas and other sleeping places of people,
- during the game, the pet should not bite, even if it does not do it from evil,
- the taboo concerns begging - the owner, the household and guests are warned - it is absolutely impossible to feed the puppy even if it makes very sad “hungry” eyes.
Several tasks are set before the workers' hounds: the dog takes a trail, picks up the beast and drives him to the hunter. However, the Estonian hound is in some cases capable of taking the animal itself. “Estonian” shows justified anger during the hunt for the beast, loudly notifies the hunter, but behaves quietly at home.
Care and health features of the hound from Estonia
A harrier is a dog that needs good physical condition, which means it needs daily, at least one-hour, walking. Because of the strong hunting instincts, for the safety of the pet itself and past the running animals, it is recommended to drive the dog on a leash. Having sensed the probable prey, the dog can suddenly drift in an unknown direction, without reacting to the owner's shouts. This is not a defect in training, but a characteristic feature of all dogs intended for hunting.
Estonian hounds have a short coat that does not require complex care. It is enough to brush it out every 3-5 days with a stiff brush suitable for this type of wool. Owners who want to take such a puppy into the house should consider the tendency of the hounds to strong seasonal molting. During these periods, the combing procedure is best done more often. But the hounds are rarely bathed, only when the dog has become very dirty and cannot be washed without washing.
Long ears of hounds deserve special attention - sulfur and dirt are actively accumulated in them, which must be removed every 3-4 days using a cotton swab dipped in warm water, chamomile broth or a special antiseptic. Also during regular examinations, it is possible to detect ear diseases, including ticks, in a timely manner.
Hounds are more likely than other dogs to contact other animals, even if the dog is not involved in the hunt. And as you know, wild animals can be sources of various dangerous diseases, including rabies. Therefore, the owner of "Estonian" should take care of full vaccination.
It is believed that the Estonian Hound has excellent health. In part, this is true - the relatively low prevalence contributes to the purity of the blood and the physical strength of the representatives of the breed, but these figures are not 100%.
Among the hereditary ailments of Estonian hounds, there are mainly diseases called senile:
- articular dysplasia
- retinal atrophy,
Violations of the diet and feeding and lack of activity can cause the development of hypothyroidism. In individuals with bright iris, congenital deafness or eye disease may occur.
Mode and diet feeding
Food of any dog must be balanced and of high quality. In addition, compliance with the regime is obligatory - the pet must receive food strictly at the same time, of course, small errors are allowed.
An adult Estonian hound is fed twice a day - in the morning and evening. There are several rules that should be followed by the owners of dogs of this breed:
- the best way to feed such a pet is a slightly warmed meal,
- It is desirable to include raw meat in the menu,
- large chicken bones are not recommended for the dog,
- In the diet of the dog must be present fish - flounder raw,
- vegetables are another mandatory item; dogs are given raw and boiled potatoes, carrots, zucchini, beets, greens,
- oatmeal, barley and barley are useful cereals, they are allowed to be given steamed,
- scraps from the table are not useful for the dog, which means that they should not fall into her bowl.
The owner can choose another option - feed your pet production rations. This should be a quality product, which includes all the necessary substances and trace elements. With any type of food in an animal should always be a cup with fresh drinking water, this is especially important when feeding the dog with dry food.
Where is better to get a puppy?
Before looking for a place to buy an Estonian hound puppy - an experienced breeder or a nursery, the owner determines whether he needs a dog only as a companion or helper for hunting. In the first case, it is enough to buy a puppy that will be healthy, have documents and meet the standard. In the second, attention should be paid to offspring from working dogs, which successfully show themselves in work, have good performance.
The breed is rather rare, therefore there are very few kennels that breed it, especially if we talk about single-breed organizations. But there are many private breeders who offer to reserve and sell Estonian hound puppies.
First of all, it is worth knowing about the reputation of those and others. Clarify in more detail whether breeders are engaged in pumping dogs involved in breeding, or the breeding process pursues a purely commercial purpose. Buying from random sellers, including those on the market, is fraught with risks - at best, the baby will turn out to be of a different breed or half breed, at worst - it may be sick.
For hunting, it is recommended to acquire an older puppy, however, given the low prevalence of the breed, puppies from litter are often dismantled by the 2nd month. The cost of the Estonian hound puppies with documents varies from 10,000-40000 rubles. Without a pedigree, the price may be slightly lower.
In Moscow, you can buy a puppy in the nursery "Nazoro" http://sobaki.pro/index.php?m=Poroda&page=Poroda/Pitomniki&id=Esto&pit=2749.
The Estonian Hound is a new, rare breed of hounds, distinguished by excellent hunting qualities and a good temper in everyday life. In addition to hunting, it is also a great caretaker, loyal friend and loyal friend.
In the period between the First and Second World Wars, in the homeland of the breed, in Estonia, a large population of roe lived. The increase in the number of wild animals was encouraged by the state and strictly controlled. For the protection of nature and protection from poachers, a law was issued prohibiting the use of fellow dogs above 45 cm in the withers. In addition, the territory of Estonia has been (and remains) stripped of freeways, which excludes horse hunting.
It is interesting! The Estonian Hound was tailored to the requirements of the state - small growth, adequacy, focus on one goal, adaptation to different pace of work (including foot).
The description of the breed relevant today can be called a blurry and this is understandable. In the postwar years, the delivery of purebred dogs cost a lot of money. Zootechnics sculpted a new breed from what was available - Finnish hounds, Anglo-Russian and other randomly formed gun dogs, Bigley and Foxhound (the last two breeds were considered very rare). At the next stage, the newly-minted breed was actively knitted with Swiss hounds, from which modern representatives inherited cracks.
In such a stormy breeding work, various types of livestock were bred, which belonged to the same breed. For more than 10 years, breeders have fought for the uniformity of dogs and, by and large, the result has been achieved. Today, among the Estonian hounds, there are so-called old-type dogs with a suspension around the neck and elongated hind legs.
Note! The Estonian Hound is recognized at home, in Russia and some countries of the former CIS, FCI does not recognize the breed. As soon as the ban on the use of dogs above 45 cm at the withers was lifted, the development of the breed at the state level was suspended.
Tips for choosing a puppy
The Estonian Hound has a breed standard, but is not recognized by the FCI (International Canine Federation). This feature somewhat unleashes the hands of dishonest breeders, besides, the breed is rare and few people (except professionals) will be able to determine by eye purebred or not Estonian hound puppies.
Are you going to breed dogs or buy a pet for the soul? In the second version, the subtleties are not so important, the main thing is that you should not be deceived by selling a purebred animal. The price of puppies varies greatly depending on the club where puppies are registered. It is advisable to give preference to the RKF (Russian Canine Federation) or fast (Union of canine organizations of Russia).
Important! If you are ready to shelter a dog regardless of its pedigree value, you should not pay money for it and encourage cheaters. You can take a quadruped from a shelter, save lives, ignore the “businessmen” and support true breeders who invest strength and soul in the improvement of breed blood.
Dishonest sellers often talk about imported dogs and the lack of documents due to their high cost. You need to know that:
- The imported dog must have documents, copies of which remain with the breeder after paying for the binding.
- Documents (puppies) cost a little, that is, the cost can not serve as an argument for their absence.
Why is it necessary to buy a puppy from a breeder, and not from a breeder? First, the breeder always deceives the buyer by selling a purebred dog, and secondly, each breed has its own specifics. Feeding puppies at the age of a month plays a huge role in their future health, and will an unclean businessman spend extra money and reduce his potential profit? Hound puppy rearing requires certain skills that are rarely available to service dog owners. You will need advice and advice that can be obtained only from an experienced person, that is, a breeder.
Another nuance is отличия Эстонской гончей и Бигля, которых попросту не обнаружить в щенячьем возрасте. Вы не отличите помесь эстонца и Бигля или…одного из них с беспородной, но «гончеподобной» собакой. Единственное, но что вы можете опираться – это документы, в которых указана порода будущего питомца.
Совет: If you decide to buy a puppy Estonian hound, study the breed forums. There are not many such sites, but those units that really understand "their" breed have gathered at them.
Character and training
Characteristics of the breed corresponds to the image of the working hound - balanced, thoughtful, temperamental, mobile type. Behind standard phrases (as always) lies a little more than just “active”. The character of Estonian hounds can be called omnipresent, wherever you go, the four-legged will wish to follow. Tailed very faithful to the owner and their work.
Gonchak often becomes crowded in urban environments, and they accumulate their ardor. As soon as the four-legged enters the field or to the cottage, the accumulated energy is used for any convenient purpose. Strong, inherited from the Beagle paws, digging under the fences under the fences and breaking free, and there ... cats, neighboring dogs, unsuspecting animals ...
Note! Estonian hounds swim well even without training and long practice. Watch your pet near water, as the object of hunting may be a beaver, otter, nutria or snake.
Estonian Hound very smart and often acts intuitively. At the level of instincts, the four-legged determines the weakness of the opponent and necessarily uses them. In relation to other animals, the dog can show aggression, and even attack. By the way, Estonian hounds count their strength and rarely attack too strong opponents.
Important! Estonian hounds are not aggressive towards people, but they successfully use people's weaknesses.
When deciding to have a cat or another pet, it is necessary to weigh the pros and cons, as the hound can perceive a neighbor as an opponent. The owners of the polls complain about problems in relations between the wards, but note that with gradual schooling, all problems can be overcome.
In the family, four-legged are harmless, but not too docile. Children should not be engaged in the education of such a sly and clever dog, but joint walks (on a leash) will not harm.
The training of the Estonian Hound rests on the shoulders of one person (owner), and the depth of training depends on the requirements. When buying a pet for exhibitions, be prepared for the need for field tests. If the four-legged one does not claim a career, the City Dog Obedience Course (KGS) and the General Training Course (OKD) will suffice.
Note! The Estonian Hound is not suitable for homebodies and people who prefer a measured lifestyle. Tailed remain active until old age, so sensibly assess their strengths and plans for the future.
Hunting with an Estonian hound is spectacular, thanks to the excitement and viciousness of the dog. Noticing the goal, the four-legged literally transforms, turns into an arrow, in front of which there are no obstacles. Against the background of hunting excitement, the dog remains completely indifferent and non-aggressive towards humans.
Estonian hounds are often present at hunting exhibitions, hunters comment on their preferences in different ways, but there are a number of points in which everyone agrees:
- Estonian hounds are gambling and passionate, which is inherent only in a certain "caste" of dogs.
- From ancestors, representatives of the breed inherited control and ability to work in groups.
- Dogs have clear, loud and clear voices, which is very important for fishing.
- Despite the anger, the hounds remain obedient and helpful during work.
- Representatives of the breed are very hardy.
Note! Only breeding dogs that have passed working tests (that is, trained in additional, trade skills) are allowed to hunt.
Maintenance and care
Estonian hounds are not typical content in the apartment, but if this issue is approached wisely, everything is possible. Representatives of the breed should not be perceived as sports, that is, to start for jogging or just walking. If you are not ready to work with the dog, take the time for its walks and loads, you should choose another breed. When staying in a private house, an Estonian hound may be contained in aviary (in summer) with mandatory walking outside the yard.
Note! Estonian hounds can be trained in mobile sports, but training does not remove the issue of a long walk.
The four-footed do not see anything supernatural in a long run through puddles, skating in the mud and digging the earth. That temperament forms the main disadvantages of the breed, while maintaining the apartment. It’s not every owner who decides to bathe a pet after each walk, and there is no health benefit to it. Living in a private house, after walking the dog dries out, shakes off and looks "acceptable clean." When kept in an apartment, the only way to maintain cleanliness is to purchase raincoats and anthers.
Hard wool and a modest undercoat greatly simplify the care of a dog. Cleaning and bathing fur coat is carried out as needed (not often). During seasonal molting, the caudate must be combed out with a stiff bristle brush or furminator for short-haired dogs.
Properly shaped and raised dogs do not have eye or dental health problems. For the purposes of prophylaxis, a pet should be examined for injuries, parasites and inflammations, but specific care is not needed. After 5 years, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the teeth, and when a stone appears, contact a veterinarian.
Note! The claws of the Estonian Hound are bent to the ground and usually wear off naturally. If you hear a dog clearly knocking claws on the floor with a quiet step, you should get a guillotine claw cutter and increase the duration of walks.
Large, contiguous ears have representatives of the breed to otitis. In winter, the dog must be worn in a scarf clutch (will protect from hypothermia). After bathing in the bathroom or pond, the pet's ears need to inspect and wipe. In order to prevent, the ears of the Estonian hound are cleaned with antibacterial solutions 1–2 times a month.
The metabolism of hunting dogs is a priori more active than that of service or decorative dogs. A full diet, enriched with vitamins and trace elements - this is not a luxury, but the norm for the content of active quadrupeds. In addition, active metabolism involves the development of a clear schedule of feeding and walking. The daily routine is set not for the convenience of the owner, but to maintain the normal speed of the dog's metabolic processes.
Most breeders are inclined to believe that it is necessary to feed an Estonian hound to a naturalk — meat, vegetables, cereals, fruits, milk, etc. Large bones with a small amount of meat are considered as a toy (except for chicken and sharp). Ocean fish in small quantities serves sources of omega acids and trace elements.
If you are not ready to look for quality home-made products, make sure that your dog receives vitamins in the form of supplements. Baits are produced in the form of tablets, drops or powders that are added to food. In porridge, you can add fish oil and bone meal.
Important! Tips on feeding eggshell eggshells have long been outdated. In fact, such an additive can be a health hazard, especially at a young age. To compensate for the need for calcium, dogs are given vitamin complexes, calcined cottage cheese and other dairy products.
Not all owners have enough time to cook quality food at home. The alternative is premium or higher quality industrial feed. Pay attention to the composition, because not all classes of feed are fully fortified. Super premium products and holistic classes should contain a full range of necessary substances, that is, vitamin supplements will be superfluous.
Important! When feeding with dry food, make sure that the pet has a bulk and always full drinking water.
The Estonian Hound breed of dogs is very agile, it requires a long walk, during which it can collide with wild animals and without your knowledge. A hunting dog needs a more serious approach to the prevention of viral diseases. Do not ignore vaccination, as foxes, hedgehogs, squirrels, bats, rats (which can be found in or near the city) can be carriers of rabies.
Leptospirosis is already (!) Considered to be a rare ailment, but in combination with “normal” risks for the hound, it may be an unexpected surprise. The same can be said about parainfluenza, viral hepatitis, adenovirus, plague carnivorous and enteritis, which mutates every year.
Note! Pyroplasmosis is a deadly virus carried by pasture mites. In addition to viruses common to dogs, the parasite can carry Lyme virus and encephalitis.
It is believed that the Estonian Hound is not terrible disease. The low prevalence of the breed made it possible to preserve the purity of blood and physical strength ... with a few exceptions. The average life expectancy of the caudate is 12–14 years, but with proper care, the dogs live longer. The hereditary illnesses of the breed include the so-called age-related diseases:
- Joint dysplasia and arthritis.
- Atrophy of the retina and cataracts.
- Hypothyroidism with improper feeding or lack of activity.
- Congenital deafness and vision problems in dogs with bright eyes.
It is fair to note that the majority of the diseases of the Estonian hounds are associated with parasites - worms, fleas, ticks and lashes. The chance to pick up the neighbors is very high, and arrogant owners who know that their pets are pathologically healthy often ignore prevention. The problem is that walks in the fields and near reservoirs threaten to acquire exotic neighbors, from which standard preparations do not help. Thus, the owner carries out prevention, which does not affect already parasitic neighbors.
Important! Do not self-treat for skin diseases of the pet, take time and bring the dog to the clinic for skin scraping. Given the potential range of parasites, you can lose valuable time and run the ailment.
Carefully monitor the condition of the dog and contact your doctor if there are incomprehensible symptoms. At the hospital, ask for a complete blood count from the dog and focus on it. Visually, the four-legged can be healthy, but if he feeds someone other than himself, it will be visible by the state of the blood.
In Estonia, there was no population of local dogs, on the basis of which it was possible to create a new breed.
In the first years after the war, the number of hunting dogs rapidly decreased. Dogs exceeding 45 cm at the withers were banned for use in hunting, as the law on the conservation of roe deer contained such a clause.
Breeders faced an insoluble task. On the one hand, it must be a completely new breed, but at the same time, so that its growth does not exceed the permissible norms.
Breeders began experimenting with local breeds, but over time they realized that they could not do without import. Dogs from all over Europe were brought to the republic. Basically, they were dachshunds and bigley. First, they fit perfectly in size, and second, the hunters were wonderful. The Swiss laufhund also took part in the creation of the breed. In addition to growth and excellent working qualities, he was distinguished by the ability to tolerate low temperatures easily.
In 1954, the first breed standard was published and immediately approved.
The Estonian Hound quickly gained popularity in its homeland and at the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union was the most sought-after breed.
After the republic left the USSR, the local cynological club became a member of the FCI, but the breed did not receive full recognition from the International Cynological Federation.
The Estonian hound is also little known in other countries, several individuals have fallen to Lithuania, Russia and Latvia, but the main population lives in Estonia.
The Estonian Hound breed is visually similar to a beagle, but has a larger size and narrowed face, its movements are more graceful and elegant.
- The wedge-shaped head is considerably narrowed to the muzzle, the transition from the nose bridge to the forehead is poorly pronounced. The skull is rounded, with a slightly developed occipital protuberance. The length of the muzzle and the skull 1 to 1
- The nose is well fashioned, with well open nostrils. Color lobes can be black, brown or yellow-red.
- Jaws with a full set of strong and even teeth are powerful and well-shaped. Bite - scissors.
- The almond-shaped brown eyes are set wide apart, slightly slanted.
- Hanging ears, moderately large, with rounded tips tightly pressed to the cheekbones.
- The neck is wide, muscular, without folds and suspensions.
- The body is well developed, with a strong back, pronounced musculature and strong loins.
- The chest is voluminous, deep, goes down to the elbow joint.
- The belly is lean.
- The saber tail is wide at the base and tapers towards the tip.
- Limbs are strong, strong should be set in parallel and be 0.5 of the height of the withers.
The dog's coat is short, closely adjacent to the skin. Ostev hair thick and elastic. Undercoat sparse. The coat on the tail creates a false impression of volume.
The Estonian Hound may have a tricolor, black and piebald, white-red color. The size of the black spots is not limited, and the shade of red can vary from yellow to chestnut. White markings are found on the neck, the tip of the tail, on the limbs, head and chest.
Interesting! Hound breed dogs do not have the concept of a dog and a bitch, they are called vyzhla and vyzhlets.
Estonian Hound Character
The Estonian Hound has a balanced temperament, which is quite consistent with the image of a working dog. Such a pet will follow the owner everywhere, it is a faithful, devoted companion on the hunt and cycling. It often happens that the potter does not have enough space in a city apartment, and they accumulate their energy. But having appeared on open space, they seek to throw out the heat in any available way. The hunting instinct does not allow them to quietly run and play with their relatives, they constantly “follow the trail,” chasing cats, birds and other living creatures.
The dog loves water and swims superbly. It is impossible to walk past the lake with her, she will definitely want to swim, despite the weather and the purity of the reservoir.
Like most hunting dogs, it intuitively identifies the weaknesses of the enemy and skillfully uses it. For unfamiliar animals, the hound can be aggressive. But the ability to correctly calculate their own strength saves her from fights with a stronger rival. They don’t feel aggression towards people, but they take great advantage of their weaknesses.
Animals living in the same territory will be tolerated only if they grew up together or the dog appeared later. Otherwise, perceives a neighbor as a competitor and opponent.
In the family, the Estonian Hound is tolerant, but not too malleable. Therefore, a knowledgeable person should be engaged in upbringing, and a child can be trusted to walk with a dog on a leash.
Interesting! Pets intended for hunting are usually called sonorous names, such as “Thunder”, “Lightning”, “Wind”. But, the choice always remains for the owner of the puppy, he can reduce the name or change it altogether.
Estonian Hound Training
The Estonian Hound is a well-trained dog, it is cultured by nature. The upbringing of the baby begins immediately upon arrival at the new home. The initial stage of training includes the schooling of the nickname, place and mode of the day. In establishing the hierarchy will help strict adherence to the rules:
- The dog eats only after the owner.
- Do not step over the pet lying in the aisle, to ensure that he gave way.
- The first to enter the door (out) the owner.
- The sofa and bed are inaccessible to the dog, he can soak in there if a person invites him.
Initially, the following commands are worked out: “fu”, “place”, “to me”. After their assimilation, you can proceed to more complex orders: "next", "stand." All family members must give orders in the same way, in an even, firm voice and seek unquestioning fulfillment.
Raising the working qualities of a dog - requires a lot of time and patience. Regular exits to the field are needed, where he meets smells and trains his paws.
In the field, the team "to me" is replaced by the sound of a horn. To develop the right reflex, you need to use food motivation. Before you put the bowl with food, you need to give a signal, then the sound of the horn will be associated with pleasant moments, and the dog will gladly run at his call.
As soon as possible, you need to introduce your baby to different animals. To do this, you can go to the village, where they keep cattle. Passing by the herd, the owner must remain calm and encourage the dog with the right behavior.
The hunting dog must be taught not to be afraid of high thickets. If you get carried away by smells, it will go far and be confused, you must sign the horn. Pet must be sure that the owner will wait for him and be interested in his work.
How to choose a puppy
Buying a puppy should begin with the selection of litter. To do this, study all offers to sell, look for information and reviews about breeders on the Internet.
Choosing a suitable nursery, you need to get acquainted with the parents of the future hunter, learn about the diplomas, grades for field trials, as well as explore the pedigree.
Принимая в расчет заслуги предков и их достижения, можно выбрать щенка, максимально отвечающего запросам.
Считается, что получив в наследство окрас деда, щенок наследует и его рабочие качества а также темперамент.
It is better to take a dog for hunting at the age of 5.5 - 6.5 months, but puppies of the Estonian hound rarely stay up to that age. Usually they are ready to move to a new home in 1.5 - 2 months.
In order not to be mistaken when choosing a baby, you should pay attention to the following points:
- Bite. It is not necessary to hope that the snack or undershot will return to normal after changing teeth. This suggests a degeneration of breed qualities, with age the situation will only get worse.
- Tail. Too long, it says about the wrong structure of the spine. Ideally, it should not reach the hock.
- Eyes. Darker iris is not subject to change and meets the standard of the breed.
- Nose. Should not be pink or marble. Small specks will darken with time, but large marks are a marriage.
Having rejected kids with obvious defects, you can look at the rest. The most active puppy is selected from them with strong, strong legs and the shortest tail.
A kid with shiny hair, an excellent appetite and in good physical condition is considered conditionally healthy.
You should not choose a puppy with a seal on the ribs and twisted paws, this is the first sign of rickets.
Estonian hound puppies from working parents can cost up to 40,000 rubles.
Content feeding and care
The Estonian Hound does not require painstaking care and is fairly simple to maintain. If the dog does not participate in the hunt, it is necessary 2-3 times a week to bring it to the nearest forest park, or out of town, so that the pet can rush in and satisfy its hunting instincts.
- It is enough to comb the wool with a rubber mitten 2 times a week. During the molt, the manipulation is carried out daily. You can bathe your dog no more than once a month using a special shampoo. After the bath, the pet must be wiped with a soft towel and left to dry away from drafts.
- Pet teeth should be cleaned 1-2 times a week. The formation of stone leads to the destruction of enamel and infection of the mucous mouth.
- The gonchuk’s ears are cleaned weekly, and they are also inspected and, if necessary, removed the dirt after each attack on the nature.
- Eyes are wiped daily with boiled water and examined after hunting for the presence of specks and insects.
- Claws are trimmed as they grow.
An Estonian Hound dog can eat both natural food and industrial feed. When choosing a ready meal, you should prefer the highest quality feed from proven manufacturers. Such feeding is good because the composition is fully balanced and does not require additional vitamin supplements.
Some owners prefer natural feeding. In this case, it is worth considering that a pet requires a large amount of protein (beef, lamb, horse meat), not less than 50% of the dog's daily ration to maintain a good physical form. The natural menu is supplemented with cereals (rice, buckwheat) -20% and vegetables (cabbage, carrots, zucchini) -30%.
It must be remembered that the dog requires dairy products. Kefir, yogurt and cottage cheese are given in the morning feeding, adding an egg to them once a week.
With natural feeding, you need to give your pet vitamins and trace elements that can be purchased at a vet pharmacy.
Estonian Hound Hunting
The Estonian Hound primarily specializes in hares, but can also drive a fox. Preparation for the hunting season begins in advance. Good physical training dogs - the key to a successful hunt.
2 months before the event, you need to revise the pet menu. A complete dog to reduce the consumption of proteins and carbohydrates, "planting" on a milk-vegetable diet. For an underweight animal, on the contrary, to improve the ration at the expense of cereals and meat protein. Change the food should be a little bit, because abrupt change can harm the digestive system.
The hunting season for the fur animal opens in early November. The productivity of hare mining is directly affected by weather conditions. On a dry, cloudless day, the hound is difficult to work, it badly feels the trail. But frosts also have a negative effect, and the gusty wind drowns out the rut in a relatively small area. Ideal days for hunting are wet, windless, even minor rain. In this weather, the trace lasts for 35-45 minutes. A suitable temperature for hare rut is + 4-8 degrees.
Hunting with hounds is complicated by the “motley path”, when the first snow is partially washed away by rain. Smells on the cooled soil and snow cover are felt differently, so the dog has to adapt. Affects the work of the hound and soil cover. So on the fallen leaves, moss and dry grass, the footprint feels better than on sand or arable land.
Hunting at a temperature of -20 is also useless, since the trail is frozen. The best winter conditions are shallow snow, lack of crust, ice and mild, comfortable temperature.
Interesting! Despite the innate aggressiveness of the beast, the dog remains affectionate and helpful to the person.
Health and Disease
The Estonian Hound has good health, its life span is 11-13 years. But because of its restless nature, it needs a serious approach to preventive vaccinations. Often the hound’s prey is a carrier of rabies.
Seasonal treatment of ticks is vital for a hunting dog, because piroplasmosis is a fatal disease.
It is extremely rare, but this breed is still prone to genetic diseases.
- Hip dysplasia and arthritis. Characterized by the destruction of the cartilage tissue of the joint and the loss of physical activity. If in the first case, the disease is incurable, then arthritis is successfully treated with special diets and anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts. It is characterized by corneal detachment and lens opacity. With timely diagnosis successfully treated.
- Congenital blurred vision and deafness in blue-eyed individuals.
Important! Parasitic and infectious diseases can be determined by blood analysis.
The origin of the breed
The dog Estonian Hound is the result of crossing hounds with Foxhounds and Bigleas. From bigley breed received strong paws, perseverance in achieving goal. The breed owes its appearance to roe deer, since it was the ban on hunting them that made it necessary to obtain small-size hunting dogs in Estonia. According to the law adopted in the republic, the growth of hunting dogs should not exceed 45 centimeters. All existing breeds did not meet this requirement, and in the 30s of the last century, breeding work began on the breeding of a new breed.
Beagles, purchased in the UK, began to interbreed with Swiss hounds, Foxhawns and Russian hounds. The result of the work was the appearance in 1959 of a new breed of hunting dogs, named Estonian Hound.
The resulting breed was distinguished by its endurance, excellent sense of smell, and irrepressible energy, expressed by the hunter's instinct. The Estonian Hound standard was agreed with FCI in 1998, but the dog has not received full recognition even now. Despite this circumstance, the Estonian Hound is the most popular breed in its homeland. It is there that a large breed population is concentrated, the Estonian hound is little known outside the country.
Breed description, appearance, photos
According to the description, the Estonian Hound breed has many similarities with one of the ancestors, the beagle. The main difference is a larger size. Dogs weight ranges from 15 to 20 kilograms. In withers, the growth of the Estonian hound reaches 53 centimeters in males, 50 centimeters in females.
- Head elongated, proportional to body size. The muzzle is long, almost equal to the skull in size. The skull is domed, with a smooth stop.
- Nose big, black or brown. Lips tight.
- Ears long, thin, rounded at the ends, low-slung.
- Eyes almond-shaped, dark brown, medium size.
- Neck muscular, medium length, without folds.
- Body strong, muscular, with powerful bones. The back is straight, wide, with short loin. The croup is slightly sloping, wide.
- Chest wide, barrel-shaped. The ribs are well developed.
- Limbs dry, muscular, with strong bones, long. Forearm oval, joints pointing back. Paws are oval, arched, with tightly pressed fingers.
- Tail thick at the base, tapering towards the end, saber-like. The length reaches the hock.
- Small or too tall.
- Highly chill.
- Heavy or too easy addition.
- Hunchback, bright nose.
- Long ears with a low or too high fit.
- Narrow or sloping croup.
- Too long or short tail. The lack of a tapered end of the tail, insufficient or excessive coat with hair.
The difference between the Estonian hound and Beagle
Inexperienced breeders confuse an Estonian hound with a beagle. Despite the common genes, they are two different dogs.
The photo shows a beagle (left) and an Estonian hound (right).
The beagle and the Estonian hound differ in the following parameters:
- Height - the beagle is squat, with short paws, the extremities of the Estonian hound make up 50% of its height at the withers.
- The muzzle is pronouncedly wide for the beagle, the graceful face of the hound.
- The stature of the Estonian hound is more graceful and slim.
Color and coat options
The characteristic standard color of the Estonian hound is black-piebald or brown-piebald. It is also allowed to have a black or purplish color. Excessive spotting is considered a disadvantage.
The coat of the breed is hard, even over the whole body, tight to the skin. Undercoat is weak. Any abnormality (long or too short hair) is considered a breed defect.
As a hunter, the Estonian Hound possesses good working qualities: excitement, courage, a sharp mind, perseverance in achieving the goal, nastiness towards the beast. At home, the dog becomes affectionate, calm and gentle. The Estonian Hound is known for its unlimited loyalty to the host and family members. There is a lot of stubbornness and waywardness in the character of a dog, but these qualities can be corrected by proper upbringing.
Estonian children are tolerant and enjoy playing outdoor games with them. Aggression to humans and other animals do not show. The breed can be kept in the house together with other dogs, cats, but only they must grow together.
Estonian hounds are active and gambling dogs, they are friendly to all people and very rarely show aggression.
In relation to outsiders, Estonian women are very friendly, they have absolutely no concept of “alien”, they calmly treat the caress of any person. Therefore, as a guard or watchman in the yard, this breed should not be started. She will calmly let anyone into the house, even waving a tail in front of him in greeting, and she will be barking only as a greeting.
Training and education
The training of the Estonian hound does not amount to special difficulties, since it learns all the commands quickly, performs them willingly. Active testing of working qualities begins in 6-7 months. It is advisable to practice working skills of a dog with a specialist or an experienced hunter. For proper coaching, a special horn is used, to which the dog must respond. Scent training is held in the morning on the fresh tracks of the beast.
If a dog lives in a city apartment, its socialization is important from an early age. To do this, they walk the dog in public places, meet new people, and train other dogs to walk together.
IMPORTANT. It is impossible to accustom a dog to small rodents or stray cats, so when walking you need to take this moment into account.
To teach a dog obedience in open areas need with the help of rewards. When walking a dog called every time in a certain place and give a treat. When charging in the forest, the dog is taught to pass through the most difficult areas. Estonians are taught not to be afraid of overgrowths, ponds. If during the first walks the dog loses the owner, call it with the help of a hunting horn. It is impossible to release a hound without a leash in an urban setting; it can get hit by a car or get lost.
Estonian hounds are not distinguished by fastidiousness in eating, so there will be no problems with the organization of their food. Intense physical activity requires the inclusion in the diet of a large amount of meat and dairy products to form strong bones and build muscle.
In the diet should also include cereals, vegetables. Be sure to add in the menu of vitamin-mineral complexes for active dogs, such as phyto-calceum. To improve digestion in food daily add a tablespoon of vegetable oil.
In the diet of the Estonian hound should be a lot of meat, as these dogs spend a lot of energy.
Dry feed can be used as an alternative to natural feeding. You need to choose the brand of feed specially created for hunting or active dogs. Special lines of such feed contain brands Hills, Eukanuba, Flatazor.
IMPORTANT. Estonian hounds are characterized by greed and unlimited eating habits. Therefore, the size of the portions must be strictly metered so that the dog does not become fat. It is impossible in the intervals between feeding to treat the dog with food from the master's table.
Estonian Hound Health
Estonian hounds live on average 10-12 years.
They have good health, but they have a tendency to some diseases:
- Otitis This is understandable, because of hanging ears, which can get water and dirt.
- Arthritis, due to increased mobility and stress on the joints.
In addition to hereditary diseases, the following ailments can become dangerous for Estonian hounds:
- Rabies. As a fox hunter, Estonians can easily suffer from this dangerous disease, so they need compulsory vaccination.
- Piroplasmosis. During walks in the forest, a dog can attack Ixodes ticks - carriers of a dangerous disease. If the pet suddenly has a fever, lethargy, yellowness of the mucous membranes appeared, an urgent appeal to the doctor is necessary. Timely antiparasitic treatment will help protect the dog.
Choosing a puppy: the basic rules
It is possible to acquire and pick up Estonian hound puppies from a mother already at one month old. You need to choose an active, well-fed baby with clean eyes and nose, shiny hair. If the dog is acquired directly for hunting, it is worth asking the working qualities of the parents.
Be sure to conduct a test on the scare puppy. To do this, on the floor suddenly throw some object that makes a loud sound (a bunch of keys, coins, a bell). The puppy must show curiosity and approach the subject. If he is huddled in a corner and does not try to smell the abandoned person on the floor, it is better to refuse such a puppy.
Nature of dogs
According to the descriptions of the breed, the Estonian hound differs in a rather appeasable character. These doggies are very obedient and even during the rut of the game, she clearly responds to the call of her master and immediately calms down with his team.
Above all, they are distinguished by the amazing physique that is so necessary during a hunt, as well as a keen sense of smell, endurance, and also strength. It is thanks to these characteristics that these dogs are used not only for hunting small game, but also for large game, for example, when walking on a wild boar.
Currently, Estonian hound puppies are very popular. They are turned on both for hunting and as companions. Even in this case, this species exhibits characteristic features at the genetic level.
The Estonian Hound differs in rather appeasable character.
The representatives of this breed are the following positive qualities:
- affection - a dog is imbued with kindred feelings not only for his master, but also for all members of his family,
- love for children - these dogs will always be able to find common language with children, even missteps and unintentional rudeness made by a child during the game will be forgiven by the dog,
- the inadmissibility of aggression - representatives of this breed will never allow aggressive behavior towards people, and if such inclinations do occur, these dogs are rejected by the breeders without fail,
- Relationships with similar individuals in these dogs are simply beautiful, they can easily get along with both dogs and cats.
Among other things, Estonian hounds compared to the other identical breeds are especially wary of strangers. That is why the behavior of this species requires only early socialization, plus the advantage of this manifestation is that, if desired, the owner of the dog can perfectly serve as a guard. When acquiring such a dog, one should also take into account the fact that it must be brought to public places, because otherwise the animal may grow fearful and cowardly.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantages of this species are considered to be a very good sense of smell, as well as endurance, due to which a hound can pursue prey for a long time. In addition, if you professionally approach the process of training and begin training as early as possible, then in this case they begin to work, even before reaching one year.
В домашних условиях этот пес отличается спокойным и уравновешенным характером, именно поэтому его можно содержать даже в квартирных условиях.
Уход и питание
Так как эстонские гончие являются охотничьей разновидностью, то они прекрасно себя чувствуют, когда им создаются большие просторы для движения. Theoretically, these dogs can live in a private household with the condition that there is a large and spacious yard. It is possible, of course, to get oneself such a pet while living in an apartment, but in this case you need to be prepared for the fact that you will have to walk with the dog at least twice a day for one hour. In this case, you should be prepared for the fact that these will be not only walks, but active games with elements of training.
As for the care of the representatives of the species, then combing the dog will be enough once a week, since their coat is smooth and short. During the shedding, you should brush more often, so you can significantly improve the condition of the coat and ensure the cleanliness of your carpet. The rest of the representatives of the Estonian breed are fairly clean. But at the same time, it will still be necessary to clean their ears, eyes, teeth, and also to cut their nails. These dogs do not need any other procedures.
Estonian hounds feel great when they have large spaces for movement
In that case, if you plan to use your four-legged friend for hunting, then it is recommended to feed him only after the pet has come running to the sound of the horn. This skill is also great help during the hunt. Since Estonian pets do not eat much, they need to be fed two rage per day, this should be done twice a day, preferably after walking.
The ration of Estonian hounds must include the following foods:
- non-greasy mead
- fillet of sea fish,
- various cereals, which are best cooked in meat broth,
- vegetables and greens.
In addition to porridge, these dogs are allowed to give boiled potatoes, but as for dairy products, it is best to refuse it or to give such products with extreme caution, as there is a chance to provoke an upset stomach.
The Estonian Hound has been living for about thirteen years with proper maintenance and is in quite good health. But despite this, since this species is characterized by excessive mobility, then preventive vaccinations for the dog must be done systematically.
In some cases, representatives of this breed may be subject to the following diseases:
- progressive retinal atrophy,
- congenital deafness,
- hip dysplasia.
The cost of puppies and features of their acquisition
If you decided to buy yourself a puppy Estonian hound, then this can be done in the hunting community or kennel, as this breed is quite rare and known only in particularly narrow circles of people who are engaged in hunting.
The cost of puppies of this breed starts from about $ 150. It is recommended to acquire a puppy only if he is one month old. In this case, it is imperative to fully ensure that the dog is healthy and agile, and its wool is clean and shiny.
It is also necessary for breeders to clarify whether they have been given all the vaccinations necessary for their age, and also need to be asked to submit all available documents to the puppy.
If you plan to use the dog further for hunting, it is recommended to give preference only to those puppies that were born from working parents, otherwise the skills may be lost. For example, there are very often situations when puppies from non-working parents have a poorly developed sense of smell, which in turn negatively affects the hunting qualities of the animal.
If you decide to buy an Estonian hound puppy, you can do it in the hunting community or kennel.
Note! The hunting dog's sense of smell must be monitored throughout life, so they are strictly forbidden to give hot food, as well as seasoned food, and avoid staying indoors with sharp-smelling substances, such as perfume or gasoline, as all these factors negatively affect dog scent.
At the same time it is necessary to know that in the process of life it is possible to significantly improve the scent of a dog. For this, it is recommended to spend as much time as possible with the dog in the open air, where he can feel only natural smells and learn to distinguish them. That is why it is recommended to take the dog to the nature more often and, if possible, to the forest.
Choosing a puppy, you also need to pay close attention to his timidity. Check a puppy in such a situation is very simple. For this you need to throw a bunch of keys or coins in front of the dogs. They should not be afraid of sounds and at the same time it is considered a normal reaction that the puppy should calmly approach the abandoned object and find out what fell there. Those puppies who are frightened of these sounds should not be taken, since it is absolutely impossible to break their character and raise a real guard and hunter out of it.