Birds

Nightingale bird photo

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


All species of nightingales are attributed to the thrush family. Females and males outwardly do not differ from each other. The common nightingale is a small bird, slightly larger than a sparrow. Its color is also inconspicuous, mostly monophonic, brown-olive. Part of the abdomen and neck of the bird in white. The sides and breast color is a bit darker than the main color. The top of the tail has a faint reddish tint. The color of nightingales practically does not change all year round.

Young individuals can be distinguished by their scaly color below and light mottled from the upper side. Round eyes seem almost black. The length of the nightingale does not exceed 20 cm, and its weight is on average 25 grams. The wings of the bird are about 9 cm, and the span can be 29 cm. These birds have a straight tail. But there are individuals with curves at the end. When the nightingale is sitting, the tail rises and falls.

Habitats

But where do the nightingales live, returning after wintering to their homeland? Since they are moisture-loving birds, they choose succulent areas, such as marshy thickets, shrub plantings in parks and gardens. They also love the forest edges, which are found in forest and forest-steppe areas. Some individuals may live in arid places, but usually they will not return to these sites for the next year.

Lifestyle

From the wintering place, this bird is in no hurry to return. A nightingale arrives in the spring, when the trees are already covered with greenery, and insects lead a stormy life, as they feed these birds. Usually this time falls on the end of April until mid-May. Experienced singers usually come back first. A few days later yearling birds catch up. With their arrival, life changes. Young matured individuals strive to live nearby experienced, old nightingales. They are trying to conquer part of the territory of those males who live here from year to year. But he actively protects this area. The old nightingale vehemently tries to chase away all envious people and only gives up positions to some, yielding a part of its territory. But at the same time he decides whom to concede, as if he chooses with whom he wants to adjoin. Matched young nightingales are becoming new neighbors; old ones will never be able to occupy foreign territory.

Thus a hierarchy is formed from a small number of nightingales. The head is the oldest male, there are also from 1 to 3 adults, and the rest, the youngest, are lower, obeying the leader. All of them can create families and live at a distance of 15-30 meters, sometimes the neighboring nest is only five meters away. In such cases, the old and young nightingales can sit on one branch and sing. At the same time, the youngest bird strictly observes its turn to begin singing. It happens that an inexperienced male is fascinated and starts singing earlier, then the old bird attacks and drives the intruder away or starts singing as loud as the young one does not know, thereby forcing him to silence.

If males live apart from each other a few meters away, each of them is given time to sing. This is usually observed in especially nesting-friendly places. There may not be a leader among adult males. Also eastern nightingales, which are only a year old, can be grouped and live separately in settlements. These birds sing ineptly, with wheezes and blots or overly hard, with "fervor."

In other areas, usually to the north, separate couples lodge from each other at a distance of several hundred meters.

More about singing

Among this family of birds, the western common nightingale is the best singer. The bird begins its songs only three to five days after it returns from wintering. His song starts around 10 pm and lasts all night until dawn. But the first weeks after he arrives, the song of the feathered can be heard during the day. He poured all the time, silencing only a couple of hours at lunch.

The nightingale sings his song on a branch that grows low from the ground. At this time, he is a little hunched and lowers the wings. In ordinary times, the nightingale is practically impossible to notice, since the character of this Maltz is secretive and cautious. But during the singing, he may be so forgotten that some managed to get very close and look at the enthusiastic performer.

The songs of the nightingale are very characteristic, they are filled with whistling, rumbling and clicking sounds. But in his “dictionary” there are a lot of signals that he uses not only for singing. But he uses these sounds only for a specific purpose, so it is very rare. For example, a nightingale applies several different signals to indicate an impending alarm.

Nightingale songs can be gradually improved as the birds learn this art gradually. Young males listen to more adults and imitate them. If an experienced performer wound up in the district, soon all the nightingales here will pull up their singing. It is known that in places where good singers are caught, the next generation will not perform well in their tunes until they are taught.

The description of the nightingale, or rather his song, will not convey the beauty of this extraordinary event, so it is better to set aside a day to go for a walk in nature, and maybe you will be lucky enough to hear the tunes of this famous singer.

Pair creation

Females on the territory of males arrive in the evening and quietly wait until the morning. At dawn, they begin to whistle softly to draw attention to themselves. Often at this moment they jump along the branches of a bush or on the ground. The male, in turn, begins to squirm, taking different poses, lowers the wings, hunches and opens the tail. So a pair is formed. The female takes off, and the male sets off behind her, making raspy sounds. So he chases his darling.

A few days later, when the female settles on the male's nesting site, she finds a good place to build a nest.

Nesting

Favorite places for building nests in nightingales are thickets and roots of shrubs, tree growth, groves, gardens nearby. Usually these places are located near wet areas, for example, near water bodies or wetlands. The nest is usually built on the ground, and sometimes on a pile of dry leaves. The place is hidden by branches or roots. For the construction of the house, they do not dimple, but only slightly delve into the forest floor. The sides of the nest remain at the level of dry leaves. So, its diameter is 110-130 mm, height - up to 100 mm. The tray itself is inside the slot with a diameter of 7-8 cm, and the depth is 5-7 cm.

The common nightingale builds roughly. At the bottom lining several layers of last year’s leaves. The edges of the tray, in rare cases, and the walls of the nest, lined with grass stalks and sedge. Also the bottom of the tray is covered with small particles of cereals and even horsehair. The new nest is in a hidden place, so that the nightingale goes on foot. A female is building such a dwelling. Up to 6 days are spent on her.

Bird offspring

After arranging the nest, the female makes a clutch in which 4-5 eggs are olive or olive-brown in color. This time falls on the end of May and the beginning of June. Only female incubates. At this time, "dad" sings and protects the territory and the female with a nest. Already after 13-14 days the offspring appears. Feeding lasts up to 12 days, and the father helps in this female. At about the 19th day, the chicks begin to fly, and the father stops his singing. Another two weeks, parents feed the young. By the end of June all the nightingales stop singing, and the broods scatter. Birds begin the usual solitary life. The common nightingale flies away from the nesting site at the end of July.

Common Nightingale

Nightingale is a migratory bird. Nightingale is a songbird July 26, 2014

Slender little bird with a wonderful clear clear voice for a long time for a long time fell in love with lovers of voiced trills. Not everyone wakes up with the first roosters. Someone was lucky to meet the morning under the cheerful song of the nightingale. Lucky people also belong to the Kursk people. They have their own "family" vocalist. And, although such a species does not exist, numerous fans are convinced that the Kursk nightingale is different from other tribesmen.

And then there is the whistler, the red-faced warakushka. And they all belong to the nightingale family. Vocal data of feathered artists were glorified in their works by poets of past eras. In Homer's Odyssey, one of the heroines of the myth magically turns into such a feathered one.

Nightingale - the songbird: description

Closer to the hero of this presentation was the great Russian writer Nikolai Nekrasov. In his poem, dedicated to the universal favorite, he noted that "our Kursk nightingale is in the price ...".

Glorified him, of course, first of all singing. After all, if you look from the outside, then the appearance of this winged phenomenon is completely unremarkable. Many have heard, but, truth, they have seen less and know who the nightingale is - the bird, the description of which you will read, and you will not find it at the meeting. The sprout is small, only seventeen centimeters, the legs are long, the eyes are dark, the color is brown, only the tail has a redhead.

Habitat

Ptah is quartered, which belongs to the eastern subspecies, almost throughout the European part of our vast country, to the Caucasus and the Crimea, to Altai and the Yenisei. You can meet her in East Germany and in Poland, and she doesn’t fly past the Baltic. And there is also a western representative living in Ukraine, in Southern and Central Europe, Asia Minor. Persian and African subspecies nest in Kazakhstan and Transcaucasia. In general, it lives almost everywhere, does not hurt, it is friendly with sparrows, since it belongs to this order. And the families they are flycatcher and thrush.

Breeding

It drags literally everything for its home: dry foliage, stalks, and straws. If you are lucky to pick up a piece of wool somewhere, the bottom of the nest will be soft and warm. The posterity of feathered singers appears in this cozy apartment. Only the female incubates the eggs.

They are a little more than twenty millimeters long, the colors perfectly merge with dried leaves. So, for thirteen days, which are necessary for hatching chicks, it is unlikely that someone will accidentally see them and be able to harm. Moreover, all this period, the future mother and her offspring reliably protect and feed, like a real man, the head of a friendly family.

The nightingale is a migratory bird, so it does not go anywhere over the winter, but to Africa. Also loves fragile bones in the sun to warm. It does not forget, however, to return in time to sing the spring and the heat. This happens in early May, when the weather is already settled, and the sun is warming like a summer. In the southern regions, they celebrate their early return, back in April.

Some poets claim that winged vocalists sing only at night. But this is completely wrong. Trills can be heard at other times of the day, but only by the males. That is how they render signs of attention to their girlfriends, care for them. Probably, the knights, peeping at the birds at the time, began to play serenades under the windows of their beloveds.

Just in singing, the Russians always have the famous Kursk nightingale in the first place. For connoisseurs and connoisseurs, their vocal art has become a whole science. Solo is distinguished by a large number of so-called "knees", in an approximate translation into the human language - verses. These features are reflected in the winged phrases. And who do you think is "throwing out the prick"? Folk talents study the nightingale style of performance and try to imitate it, competing with each other in skill, like those very birds.

All sorts of "songs"

Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev understood the habits of feathered choir singers. He even described in detail the ten "couplets" in his message to a friend-hunter. Bullet bullets, Kly-Kly, Plen-Plen, go-go-go-that ... Here and yulina dullness, and peal, leseva pipe and kukushkin flight. Connoisseurs are credited with singing up to twenty-four knees, especially noting the peculiar construction of them in each locality. Kursk singing "couplets" more than others, for which they have always received increased attention, even during major fairs a few centuries ago.

Gathered here from all over Russia, bought nightingales. In the middle of the nineteenth century, 150 rubles were a rather big amount. It was so much, and even more, that they paid for the local dogs. For this money, it was then possible to acquire a pair of horses, and add a couple of cows to the barnyard. As indicated in the statement for 1836, 420 birds were sold at the Native Fair by local residents that year.

Catching singing lands of Kursk was profitable at that time. No wonder they said that they "sing arshin." Happy owners were ready to lay out a tidy sum, then to be touched daily and admire the ringing trills. Considerable profit was also brought by the training of small dogs in vocal art. Nestlings were specially placed next to adult males, so that the youth would listen and repeat the tribes of "professionals." Kursk tune could be heard in St. Petersburg, because the Imperial Court also had a weakness for this sound.

The nightingale has not lost its popularity today - the bird, whose singing is heard at dawn and at sunset from spring to autumn. Now at home, unlike parrots and kenars, these dogs are not kept. Is that only enthusiastic ornithologists. But in Kursk several years ago, a museum was opened, which is dedicated to the life and phenomenon of feathered singers. More than 500 exhibits, historical data, literary works, sayings and signs. Here everything that the Kursk nightingale can tell about himself is collected, photographs and clay figures of birds from local artists evoke constant interest and every day attract hundreds of young and old visitors to the museum.

Vocalists' competitions, festivals of bard songs named after the proud birdie are held on the territory of the region and beyond its borders. And from Kursk to the white stone can be reached "nightingale" train.

Kursk Nightingale

Famous stage voices received this resounding nickname: singer Nadezhda Plevitskaya in tsarist Russia, tenor Ivan Surzhikov in the forties of the last century, now so called a favorite of the public, People's Artist of the Russian Federation Lev Leshchenko.

Surprising is the fact that with all the veneration and pride of the local "feathered stars" on the coat of arms of the Kursk region they are not.

But there are three flying partridges. This is how they avoided the main symbol of the region.

Unlike the end of the nineteenth century, when the bird fishery in the Kursk province threatened the “pevs” with extinction, nowadays there is no need to add them to the Red Book. Only in the region there are about two thousand pairs. But this does not mean that they do not need protection, like all living things around us. It is nice to meet and see off the day with pure singing, which gives a feeling of peace and brings a smile.

Conclusion

We hope you understand what a nightingale is - a bird, the description of which we told you. Now you can share your knowledge with loved ones.

News and Society
The nightingale is a singing bird ... Or not really?

Among all the feathered singers there is one most vocal. His trills loudly stand out from the rest. Guess who it is? True, about the nightingale. Most people associate these birds with the best of the best,…

News and Society
Migratory birds: names for children, description, list. Photos of migratory birds with names for children

When the environment or feeding conditions change, many birds fly away to warm regions. This may be due to the peculiarities of their reproduction. These living creatures have a high level of mobility, which is not available else…

News and Society
Linnet: songbird, early bird

She is valued, above all, for great singing. Among the granivorous birds, it is considered the best song. In her voiced songs there are trills of a lark, and chaffinch whistling, and chirping of titmouse. Who is she? Of course, …

News and Society
Wagtail: migratory bird or not? We learn for sure!

A small and funny wagtail bird is known to almost everyone. You can see it almost all year round. The area of ​​its habitat is huge, stretching almost from the Arctic deserts to the Asian. She even meets ...

News and Society
Goldfinch - a songbird

Goldfinch is a small bird, but unusually bright and beautiful. The colorful plumage of a songbird, which is difficult to confuse with any other birds, cannot but attract attention. Description of the bird ...

News and Society
Wildlife: siskin - songbird!

Siskin is a forest bird. This amusing creature was chosen both by coniferous forests of forests and mountain forests. You can meet them in the central, northern and eastern parts of Europe, in Eastern Siberia and in Asia Minor.

Hobby
Woodpecker migratory bird or not? We are looking for the answer to these and other questions.

Each of us had the opportunity to hear the sound of a woodpecker. When you watch this brisk multi-colored bird, you wonder how in such a small body you have enough strength to hammer at such speed and diligence a tree. What the ...

Hobby
Migratory birds

Migratory and wintering birds are warm-blooded creatures with an average body temperature of about 41 ° C. In the autumn season, you can observe how some birds are grouped into flocks, according to…

Travels
Гостиница "Восход", Комсомольск-на-Амуре: описание, адрес, отзывы, как добраться?

Если вы ищете оптимальный вариант размещения в Комсомольске-на-Амуре, гостиница "Восход" наверняка вам понравится. Доброжелательный персонал, комфортные условия размещения и масса дополнительных услуг сделают ваш отды…

Духовное развитие
Trigon Luna-Pluto in the natal chart

Trigon Luna-Pluto in the natal chart gives its owner a rich emotional life and deep relationships. You feel something more than others, and this applies to both everyday things and relationships. You also feel ...

Nightingale ordinary

The nightingale is common to the genus of nightingales and forms a separate species nesting in the forest and forest-steppe regions of the European part of Russia, as well as in the southern zone of Siberia, up to the Yenisei River. In winter, the bird flies to North Africa, Eastern Mediterranean and Southern Europe. Habitat - deciduous forests with dense bushes, groves, as well as urban parks. A prerequisite is the presence near the reservoir. Ideal places for a bird are the river, along the banks of which tall grass meadows and dense thickets of bushes stretch.

Appearance

The size of the bird is small. The body length is 18–20 cm. The wing is 9–10 cm. The wingspan is 29 cm. The tail is 7–8 cm long. The weight of a small bird reaches 25 g. The eyes are large and black. Beak and legs of the same color — brown. From above plumage is light brown. Bottom is dark gray. The tail is rounded in shape and matches the color of the back. On the ground, a small bird moves by jumping.

Bird Nightingale ordinary. A photo.

Nestlings appear helpless, naked and blind. Both parents feed them. Young people grow rapidly and leave the nest 2 weeks after birth. The chicks begin to learn to fly, get feeding from their parents and hiding in the tall grass. On the wing, young birds become one month after birth and gather in flocks. Nesting sites representatives of the species leave in early September. In the wild, the nightingale ordinary lives 8-10 years, some individuals live to 12 years.

Behavior and nutrition

The bird feeds on insects. These are ants, caterpillars, beetles, spiders, flies. In the autumn period with pleasure eats a berry. Outside the nesting period, nightingales lead solitary lives. This species is distinguished by secrecy and caution. To find it in dense thickets of a bush is very difficult. In addition, the song of the pevun is faded, and the look is homely. Looking at him, and you will not say that this is one of the best and tireless singers among all the birds.

Back to article: Snow petrel

Types of nightingales

Nightingales are divided into two types: ordinary and southern. Ordinary prefer for nesting land of Siberia and Europe. In contrast to its relative, the nightingale is limited to lowlands and avoids arid areas. Southern representatives of the species settle closer to the warm southern regions.

Both birds settle in the forest near the water, and they look very similar. Their voices are difficult to distinguish, but the song of the southern nightingale is more universal, it contains less harsh sounds, but is weaker than that of its relative. The western common representative has a lighter abdomen than its relative. There are still taut nightingales that live in the majority in the South Caucasus and Asia. But they sing much worse than the above representatives.

Character and way of life

Unlike most birds, they are asocial and prefer solitude. The ideal habitat for the nightingale should include dense forests or light forest. Large thickets and plenty of sunshine are ideal conditions for a nightingale bird. They prefer to be away from human settlements. Nightingales are migratory birds that can cover any distance in search of ideal climatic and territorial conditions.

It is interesting! A quiet version of the song is intended for a specific female, in the immediate period of courtship.

Their song changes depending on the season and circumstances. They are the most vocally gifted representatives of the avian world. Nightingales males sing the loudest at the end of spring at night, when they return from wintering grounds. They do this in order to attract a female and announce to all relatives that this territory is now his. During the day, his songs are less varied and are delivered to the public in shorter bursts.

Habitat

Nightingale, due to the large distribution in England, is considered an English bird. These singers are commonplace in the forest, parks and playgrounds. Nightingales also live in other countries such as Portugal, Spain, Persia, Arabia, Austria, Hungary and Africa. Nest in Europe, North-West Africa, the Balkans and the south-western part of Central Asia, wintering south of the Sahara, from West Africa to Uganda. This singing bird is the title of the national symbol of Iran.

Nightingale prefers low, matted thickets of deciduous forests. Thickets of shrubs and all sorts of hedges - suitable place of residence for the nightingale. But to a greater extent, the nightingale is a lowland bird.

Nightingales inhabit many areas near rivers or basins, although they can live on dry hillsides in low-growing shrubs among coastal sand dunes. When singing during the day, the nightingale often changes location, but night songs are usually set from the same positions. He sings in two three-hour arias at night. The first aria ends around midnight, and the second begins in the early morning hours.

Nightingale Diet

Like many other birds, the nightingale diet consists of fruits, plants, seeds, and nuts. When food is scarce, they can migrate to insects. Especially often this happens during the breeding season. At this time, their menu consists of all kinds of insects and invertebrates. Layers of fallen leaves - the favorite place of hunting nightingale. There he searches for ants, maggots and beetles. If there are none, he eats caterpillars, spiders and earthworms.

A nightingale can attack prey, gathering from low branches, or get food from the bark while sitting on a tree. In rare cases, it catches in the air and eats winged insects, such as moths and small butterflies.

It is interesting! At the end of summer, the bird adds berries to the menu. Autumn brings many new nutritional opportunities, and the nightingale sets off to find wild cherries, elderberries, thorns and currants.

In captivity, they are fed with flour worms, maggots, grated carrots, or ready-made mixtures designed specifically for insectivorous birds. Although, domestication of the nightingale at home, unfortunately - a rarity. Seeing him is a matter of great luck, not to mention catching and taming. Taming a wild nightingale requires a silly endurance, composure and tenderness. Closed in captivity, he can beat his whole body on the bars of a cage for days, until he weakens or disappears altogether. Up to the 19th century, domesticated nightingales in the Russian provinces were considered a fashionable wonder, which is why they were almost on the verge of extinction.

Population and species status

Fascinating voice of the nightingale will not leave anyone indifferent. Voiced singing with overflows is a natural anti-depressant that can heal wounded hearts. Despite this, the facts show that they, along with other birds, were on the verge of extinction. For a long time no one paid attention to their rapidly diminishing numbers.

Nightingale migratory bird in nature and in captivity

Songs of the nightingale have heard everything. This low-key bird looks like a sparrow. If it were not for her amazing trills, she would be interested in more ornithologists and passionate birdwatchers, rather than “the general public”. Determine the location of the cautious and secretive nightingale is difficult when he does not sing. At the moment of singing the bird forgets about danger. She lowers her wings and completely surrenders to singing.

Nightingale. Photo from Wikipedia

Nightingale is a migratory bird

Nightingales belong to the squad Sparrows. it migratory birdsthat fly for the winter towards North Africa. They return to us in the spring.

The very first - by mid-April, most - after the appearance of insects, when young leaves begin to bloom on trees and shrubs.

Nightingales settle on forest edges, in thickets of bushes along river banks, in parks and gardens.

In spring, other birds sing: charges (robins) and chaffinch. Sometimes their ringing melodious trills are confused with the songs of nightingales.

Nightingale weight is about 25 g. Common (Eastern) the nightingale is larger and darker south (west). The color of the plumage is brownish-gray, on the throat and chest a little brighter.

The abdomen (especially in young birds) is variegated. The eyes are large, dark. Straight tail may be rounded at the end. If the nightingale is sitting, it often raises and lowers him.

A nightingale leaps on the ground, twitching his tail and bowing.

On the territory of most of Russia (including the south of Western Siberia) and in Eastern Europe, they hear the characteristic ringing singing Nightingale ordinary (eastern), which is characterized by a sharp change of rhythm, rolling, whistles, trills and clicks.

In the European part of Russia (western and southern) is found southern (western) nightingale. It is lighter than the common (eastern) nightingale. In flight, this bird is given out reddish nadkhvoste and tail. The singing is sonorous. In a long ringing song can be more than ten tribes.

There are other types of nightingale. In Siberia and the Far East lives Red Nightingale with a bright red throat at the male. This species nests in Russia in the Urals, on the coasts of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk and the Sea of ​​Japan.

Blue nightingale smaller than a sparrow, his song is a loud trill. The species is found from the Ob basin to the coast of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk and the Sea of ​​Japan.

For nightingale whistler characterized by a short whistling trill. Its habitat in Russia is the southern part of Siberia, the territory before Sakhalin and Kamchatka.

There are other types.

Nightingales feed on mostly insects. They are happy to eat peck bugs and spiders. The diet includes ants and worms. From the end of the summer can taste the berries and fruits.

Nightingale songs

The song of the nightingale, we often hear in the spring and early summer. As soon as the bird arrives in our region, it masters in a few days, and then makes calls. Ornithologists describe these short songs as fuyit-trr and fu.

About two weeks the song of the nightingale is audible round the clock with a short break in the middle of the day. Then sonorous singing begins at sunset, more often at dusk. It lasts all night until dawn, less often resumes during the day. Nightingale songs can be enjoyed until the end of June.

If you disturb the nightingale, it will emit a low whistle.

There are no analogs to nightingale singing. It is said that every nightingale has its own timbre, fullness of sounds and unique melody. Sometimes nightingales imitate other birds. They can insert into their song different sounds they heard.

This ability to imitate is pronounced in young birds who take singing lessons from their elders.
In the songs near Moscow nightingales are usually up to ten tribes.

In some areas, birds are heard, in the long songs of which you can count up to 40 tribes!

Connoisseurs of birds distinguish calls, singing and the songs themselves.

Take care of the nightingale!

Nightingales are vulnerable. Not only at the time of selfless singing, but also during the nesting period. Birds build a bowl nests (diameter up to 10 cm) on the ground or on the lower branches of the shrub.

ATend of may Olive-brown eggs are already in the nest. Each pair of nightingales accounts for 4 to 6 testicles. June - the time of appearance of chicks.

They grow quickly and are able to fly along with adult birds to warm countries already from late August or in September.

This happens only when the bird and its offspring did not become food for other animals or the victim of accidents. Often, well-fed domestic cats destroy vocal nightingales.

It is so easy to prevent if you teach a cat to a thin collar with a bell! A friend of mine, in whom the dodger-cat had destroyed several nightingales singing nearby for a few days, began to buy him special bells. The cat often lost them, so they had to hang new ones.

Sold and finished collars with bells and miniature bells. It is all inexpensive.

Nightingale in captivity

Nightingales can live in captivity. In pre-revolutionary Russia, the nightingale industry was widely developed. At the end of the XIX century, he even had to fight at the legislative level.

In some provinces, complete or partial bans were imposed on catching nightingales. Catching birds was allowed only at the very beginning of their arrival before the formation of pairs.

For nightingales specially made cells with wooden rods.

Nowadays, lovers of songbirds keep nightingales at home. They are usually caught in the spring. Caught birds bound wings and accustomed to captivity. The nightingale who has ceased to fight and has begun to feed in captivity sings. At first timidly, then bolder.

Birds quickly get used to the cage, but they do not finally become tame. To contain them is troublesome, but with proper care, nightingales can live five to seven years, less often longer. The cage must be large, with high walls and a cloth top (a prerequisite for the first time). Better if an aviary is made. In a close cage in the nightingale there will certainly be dangerous obesity.

The first days the bird fights, risking injury. Therefore, the cell (especially the upper part) is covered with a soft cloth and covered with a translucent fabric. While singing, it is advisable to cover the cage with a white cloth. Shy solovyov better most of the time to keep under such a shelter.

This insect-eating bird is fed three times a day. Mealyworms (at least 8 pieces per day), formic eggs and chopped chicken eggs.

Gradually, grated carrots, lettuce leaves, and germinated grains are introduced into the diet and give very little ground crackers (only from white bread). It is advised to give chopped boiled meat.

Gradually nightingales transferred to the finished feed mixture with the addition of vitamins and mineral water.

Some lovers of nightingale singing at home could not stand for long. They did not regularly get enough sleep, because the whole night the melodious "alarm clock" rang loudly next to their ear. Households also protested, because could only sleep with earplugs in their ears.

In captivity, singing lasts up to eight weeks. Sometimes the nightingale is then released into the wild. It is bad if in the "stone jungle" with dot building. That's right, if taken to the park or the park area.

To keep abreast of all the news site, subscribe to our channel Telegram. And we have Instagram with beautiful pictures.

© "Moscow Region", 2012-2018. Copying texts and photos from the site moskvje.com is prohibited. All rights reserved. ♦ Rubric: Animals.

Photo of nightingale

The common or eastern nightingale (lat. Luscinia luscinia) is a species of songbird of the new-class subclass, a spider-shaped detachment, a fly-catcher family, a genus of nightingales.

According to one of the versions, the bird got its name due to the coloring of the plumage: in the old days in Russia the yellow-gray tint was called “solovy”. Other scientists are of the opinion that the word “nightingale” is derived from the old Russian “Slavia”, which means a bird with a magnificent voice.

Nightingale has a slim and frail physique. A nondescript bird, the size of a sparrow, grows in length up to 15-19 cm with a body weight of about 25 g. Females do not differ in any way from males. The color of an adult bird is dominated by an olive-gray or brownish color with a redhead, the breast is colored brighter than the back, the belly is buffed with mottling.

On a small head, large, bead-like, almost black-colored eyes stand out brightly. Medium-sized tail nightingales keep straight. When they sit on a branch, thin legs are widely placed, and the tail is raised up. While singing, the nightingales jerk their tail and constantly bow.

Nightingale in flight. Nightingale on the branch. Nightingale on the branch.

Nightingales secretive and cautious birds, it is quite difficult to look at them close by. A nightingale loses vigilance when he begins his original song - gentle, melodic or sharp and jerky.

The song of the nightingale is a set of repetitive sounds - the knees, consisting of a variety of elements. A sonorous and pure whistle, a prolonged rumble, deaf rumbles, a characteristic click, “clack”, “tangling”, as well as croaking, squealing and roaring with a crane. In case of danger, the nightingale snaps snoring.

Among the old males there are singers of exceptional excellence, setting the tone for the whole forest choir. The unusual singing of the nightingale can only be heard at night, when night singers perform their best repertoire.

The males begin to sing from the beginning of May, a few days after the flight, and fall silent only by mid-June.

The singing nightingale. The singing nightingale. The singing nightingale. The singing nightingale.

Common nightingales are typical migratory birds. The nesting area runs from the western territory of Russia to the Yenisei. The southern boundary of the range passes through the Caucasus and the semi-desert of Kazakhstan. North covers the Ural taiga and the territory of the Krasnoyarsk Territory.

Nightingales prefer to settle in humid and lowland forests of mixed type, especially in forest oak forests, in wetlands near rivers and streams. Nests are located in shady and wet thickets of alder, elder, bird cherry, honeysuckle and in a dense herbage.

Nightingale also attracts urban landscapes: squares and forest parks, with lakes, ponds and dense thickets of lilac and willow.

For wintering, nightingales migrate to North and East Africa, Saudi Arabia and Southern Iran.

Nightingale while swimming in a forest spring, Ukrainian national reserve "Khortytsya". The first bathing of the young nightingale.

The basis of the nightingale diet is animal food: caterpillars, ants, centipedes, spiders, ground beetles, flies, snails and other terrestrial insects, including pests.

In the fall, berries and plant seeds appear on the menu. Nestlings are fed by small caterpillars.

Сразу по прилету в места гнездования самцы начинают свою песню. Первыми прилетают старые особи, занимают лучшие территории и расселяются на расстоянии 200-300 м друг от друга. Соловьиная песня привлекает самок и оповещает возможных конкурентов, что место занято.

The female builds a nest in the grass or shrubs, not higher than 1.5 m above the ground. The walls of the nest are woven from grass stalks and thin twigs, the bottom is laid out with poplar down, wool, last year's foliage. The diameter of the nest is 11-13 cm, height –7-10 cm.

At the end of spring, the female lays from 3 to 7 beautiful, brown-olive or dark chocolate eggs, 2x1.5 cm in size. Hatching lasts for 2 weeks, all the while the female feeds the male.

After the appearance of chicks, the males cease to give concerts and fully devote themselves to the care of the family. Motley chicks spend about 2 weeks in the nest, the whole time both parents feed them.

Having not yet learned to fly, the youngsters get out of the nest and deftly take off on the ground in the grass thickets, still under the care of their parents.

In early August, families break up and spend the rest of the summer, roaming along forest edges and river floodplains. In central Russia, nightingales disappear in early September, quietly and imperceptibly flying to winter apartments.

Slot of an ordinary nightingale. Nightingale disheveled. The young nightingale.

The average life of an ordinary nightingale is 10 years.

The nightingale bird: lifestyle, feeding and breeding, where the bird winters

Nightingale is considered the bird with the most beautiful singing. In his song you can simultaneously hear the clicking, whistling and rumble, which, merging, form a wonderful melody. Nightingale song is difficult to confuse with any other. But outwardly the bird is completely inconspicuous.

How this wonderful bird lives, what it feeds on and what features it holds in itself, this article will tell.

Nightingale belongs to the birds of the Drozdov family. When a person hears the song of this bird, he believes that the nightingale looks as beautiful as it sings.

In fact, the bird looks rather inconspicuous and it does not have bright plumage. The nightingale is small in size. The bird runs on small, thin legs.

At the end of each finger paw has a claw, helping the bird to hold on to the branches. Eyes, like beads, black and big.

Color depends on the type of bird. The common nightingale has mostly monotonous plumage, brown-olive or brown. A small part of the throat and abdomen are painted white. The sides and breast are painted in a color that is slightly darker than the base color.

The tail has a red tint, and the shape is straight. But there are also individuals that have a rounded tail shape at the end. Some species in the chest area have feathers of blue, orange or black. For example, the nightingale - red-bellied has a red neck.

The bird almost does not change the color of its plumage throughout the year.

Females and males are almost the same in appearance. It is possible to distinguish the sex only by the brighter color of the male.

Juveniles are spotted or scaly in color, which helps inexperienced birds to merge with the environment and hide from predators.

The bird's weight is small and amounts to 25 grams, and the adult grows to a length of 20 cm. The wingspan is 29 cm, with a length of only 9 cm.

Nightingale species and habitat

Depending on the type of nightingale, it can be found in different parts of the globe.

  • The common nightingale lives in Europe and Siberia in the warm season.
  • The red nightingale nightingale lives in Siberia and the Far East.
  • The blue species lives in the region of the Ob basin, as well as on the shores of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk and the Sea of ​​Japan.
  • The whistling nightingale is distinguished by shorter singing and lives in the southern part of Siberia, as well as in the territory from Kamchatka to Sakhalin.

All species that live in places with a cold winter go for the period from Russia to warm countries.

Nightingale can be found in the forests, as well as on the edges with dense, shrub vegetation. Birds are attracted to parks where willows and lilacs grow, which are located near water bodies.

If the bird likes the habitat, then you can hear a wonderful melody at a distance of 10-15 meters from its home.

Birdsong

If the nests are nearby, then the young and the old nightingale should sing in turns. In the forest you can often hear the choir of nightingales, which has more than 40 individuals. In this case, only an experienced singer has the right to begin his melody.

If a young nightingale begins to sing, the more experienced one chases him away or starts singing louder. If the neighbors live far away from each other, then everyone has their time for a song.

Young individuals sing ineptly, gradually learning this art from more experienced representatives of this bird.

The bird is considered very secretive and often plays hide and seek. If you're lucky, you can see it high on a tree with its beak wide open while singing. Nightingale loves to sing round the clock.

Particularly distinct melody of the bird can be heard at night., due to the absence of extraneous noise. In the song of the nightingale there are also certain signals.

If he combines several signals into one song, it will mean the highest alarm.

It is believed that the common nightingale has more melodic singing, but songs of other kinds affect the soul and heart as much.

Family Education and Reproduction

These birds live in pairs. The first days after the flight, they rest and get used to the new habitat, and then go in search of their second half. The male begins to sing day and night to attract the female, only occasionally coming off to eat.

To attract females, the male representative takes various poses, opens the tail, lowers his wings, is hunched. In turn, the female begins to whistle at dawn so that the male will pay attention to her.

As soon as the representatives of the opposite sex have chosen each other, the female takes off, and the male plays with her in pursuit, making sounds that look like creaks.

When the pair is formed, the female begins to build a nest, and the male continues to sing. Thus, he notifies the other nightingales that this is his territory and the female.

For the construction of the nest female chooses the place near the reservoirs. Nightingales build nests on bushes with a height of 1 meter, but in most cases on the ground or on dry leaves.

The hole of the bird is not pulled out, but only slightly deepen into the forest litter, raking leaves. The sides of the nest are at the level of dry leaves, and its diameter is 11–13 cm and its height is about 10 cm. The nest is rough.

Leaves spread to the bottom, the edges of the nest are lined with sedge and grass stems. It takes about a week for a bird to build a nest.

Then the female lays and incubates the eggs, and the male continues to sing. The number of eggs usually does not exceed 4-6 pieces. The eggs are olive-brown. Hatching eggs future mom for about 2 weeks.

Termination of a male's song means that the chicks have hatched, and he no longer wants to attract attention. The male is a caring father, because he helps the female to nurse the chicks.

He goes in search of food for kids.

About chicks parents care for 2 weeks, because the kids still can not fly and provide themselves with food. Chicks are moving with the help of their feet, not leaving far from the nest, and taking special care. Toward the end of August, the wings of the babies become strong, and they fly away with their parents to the warm edges.

On average, the life of a nightingale is 3-4 years. In captivity, birds live much longer and can live up to 7 years under good conditions.

In the diet of the nightingale includes:

  • Small insects such as spiders, ants, caterpillars, beetles.
  • In a small amount of cereals.
  • The pulp of ripe berries and fruits.

Nightingales in captivity

These wonderful birds can exist in an unnatural environment for them. Earlier fishing for nightingales was even prohibited by law. They catch the common nightingale in the spring in a barbaric way. The caught bird is tied in the area of ​​the wings and they begin to teach them to live in captivity. At first, the bird refuses to sing, but then a little, having become comfortable and refreshed, begins his song.

The bird gets used to the cells quickly, but make it completely manual fails. To contain the nightingale, it is necessary to show a lot of effort. The cage should be spacious. But in order to prevent bird obesity, it is best to keep it in aviaries.

In the first days after being caught, the nightingale tries to escape and fights against the cage. Therefore, to prevent injuries, cage in the early days is covered with a cloth. Shy individuals will sing only in a cage covered with white cloth.

Food in captivity

Birds in captivity eat:

  • Mealy worms about 8 pieces per day.
  • Ant eggs.
  • Chopped chicken eggs.

Then gently injected into the diet: salad, grated carrots, boiled meat in a shredded form. As soon as the nightingale is used to living in captivity, it is transferred to ready-made food with vitamins and minerals.

Who ever heard the song of the nightingale, they fall in love with her for life. But do not lock these wonderful birds in the cage. If you really want to enjoy the great melody of the nightingale, it is better to set aside a day and go into the forest to hear the singing of this wonderful bird.

Nightingale: birds with inconspicuous appearance, but singing talent

View: Southern Nightingale - Luscinia megarhynchos and Common Nightingale - Luscinia luscinia
Family: Drozdovye, flycatchers
Squad: Sparrows
Class: Birds
Type of: Chord
Subtype: Vertebrates
Lifespan: 8 - 12 years

Nightingale does not appeal to external data, but amazes his singing skills

Currently, there are 13 species of nightingales in nature, of which two are most popular: the southern (dwells in Africa, Asia and Europe) and the common or eastern nightingale (its habitat is Eastern Europe and western Siberia). In the photo - the nightingale ordinary

Perhaps no bird is devoted to so many poems and works like a nightingale. And for good reason. His singing amazes with a variety of repertoire, power of sound and voice.

At the same time, it is absolutely amazing to see this nondescript artist after hearing a wonderful performance. Nightingale does not appeal to external data, but amazes his singing skills.

In addition, the nightingale songs herald the arrival of spring and the flowering of nature around, from which it becomes warmer in the soul.

Southern nightingale, bird. Large photo shows this representative. It differs from the usual slightly brighter color and habitat.

Habitat

Currently, there are 13 species of nightingales in nature, of which two are most popular: the southern (dwells in Africa, Asia and Europe) and the common or eastern nightingale (its habitat is Eastern Europe and western Siberia). Nightingales are migratory birds.

In the winter they fly away from home, somewhere to the north of Africa, southern Iran, Arabia. They come back in mid-April when leaves start to appear on the trees and insects crawl out. If someone does not know what a nightingale bird looks like - photos give an idea of ​​it.

Interesting! Males return home before females. Having found a suitable territory, the nightingale announces this with the help of a resounding song.

Plain appearance allows you to successfully hide in dense thickets. Nightingale used to live alone, he is secretive and cautious

Characteristic

The nightingale bird, the photo and description of which speak of a nondescript appearance, but stunning singing qualities, has the following characteristics:

  • The mass of the nightingale reaches 25 g, and dimensions - 18 cm in length. He is only a little larger than the sparrow.
  • Looking at the nightingale, you never think that this is one of the best bird singers. Its plumage is most often chocolate brown in color with elements of gray. But stand out big black eyes.
  • Plain appearance allows you to successfully hide in dense thickets. Nightingale used to live alone, he is reserved and cautious.

The repertoire of the nightingale is quite extensive. In his arsenal, there are 12 tribes (i.e., elements of a song) that can be repeated and interchanged

  • Nightingale became famous for his extraordinary singing skill. He begins to sing a few days after returning home, and sings all night long.
  • The repertoire of the nightingale is quite extensive. In his arsenal, there are 12 tribes (i.e., elements of a song) that can be repeated and interchanged. Depending on the mood or the weather, the song of the nightingale can be sad or fun. With his singing, he also warns of the coming danger, sounds the alarm.
  • The concert of the nightingale lasts for hours, so the bird takes a comfortable posture: it sits on a low twig, hunches a little, hangs its wings, lifts its tail a little and starts to pour.

Interesting! Young nightingales adopt singing skills from their elders, imitating their performance. Therefore, it is often not far from one nightingale that another settles, and then a third one. And the nightingale trills begin.

The nightlife of the nightingale is devoted to singing, and the daytime - to the search for food. He runs on the ground, raking leaves and a pile, gets caterpillars, bugs, worms, spiders, larvae and other living creatures. The nightingale is an agile bird, so it can catch prey on the fly

The nightlife of the nightingale is devoted to singing, and the daytime - to the search for food. He runs on the ground, raking leaves and a pile, gets caterpillars, bugs, worms, spiders, larvae and other living creatures. The nightingale is an agile bird, so it can catch prey on the fly. In summer, the ptah’s diet is replenished with ripe berries and fruits, especially the nightingale elder.

By the fall, the nightingale feeding becomes more intense, so the bird tries to stock up on fat for a long flight to winter.

Interesting! Nightingale feeds on insect pests that harm foliage and trees, so it saves plants from death by doing a great service to all of humanity.

Bird Nightingale. Photo singing does not convey, but at the end of the article there is a video with a beautiful performance of the nightingale

at home

The hunt for nightingales in Russia from the past centuries was very popular, so at the end of the 19th century even the law prohibiting spring birds came into effect. Now this lesson is not so common, but still there are lovers who keep these little singers at home.

It is necessary to catch a nightingale in the first days of its arrival at home, no later than the first week of May. By this time they will not have time to form a pair.

The nightingale is a free bird, not accustomed to life in captivity, therefore it is very frightened by a new house. The first time he can fight in a cage.

The cage at the nightingale must be special - not with iron, but with wooden rods, with a cloth top, so that the hermit does not harm himself. It is also recommended to cover the home with a light cloth so that people do not scare the bird.

Gradually, the bird becomes accustomed to captivity and remembers singing abilities. Already on the second - third day, you can hear nightingale trills coming from your apartment. At home, the nightingale, as in the wild, sings until July.

Some amateur ornithologists prefer to keep nightingales for only a couple of months - while they are singing, and in the middle of summer they are set free.

In the wild, a nightingale can live up to 12 years, and at home - only 2 - 3 years

As a food the nightingale will like flour worms and ant eggs. If you plan to keep a nightingale all year round, in the autumn it is time to switch to a special food - a mixture for insect-eating birds. Also, his diet should include grated carrots with ground white breadcrumbs, and his favorite ant eggs as a main course.

With proper maintenance and care, by December, the nightingale will take up singing again, at first quietly, and with the first spring days - in full force. A good host in captivity nightingale can live for several years.

What does a nightingale look like?

Nightingale has a slim and frail physique. Dull bird, the size of a sparrow, grows in length up to 15-19 cm with a body weight of about 25 g. Females are no different from males. The color of an adult bird is dominated by an olive-gray or brownish color with a redhead, the breast is colored brighter than the back, the belly is buffed with mottling.

On a small head, large, bead-like, almost black-colored eyes stand out brightly. Medium-sized tail nightingales keep straight. When they sit on a branch, thin legs are widely placed, and the tail is raised up. While singing, the nightingales jerk their tail and constantly bow.

Nightingale in flight. Nightingale on the branch. Nightingale on the branch.

Nightingale habits and singing

Nightingales secretive and cautious birds, it is quite difficult to look at them close by. A nightingale loses vigilance when he begins his original song - gentle, melodic or sharp and jerky.

The song of the nightingale is a set of repetitive sounds - the knees, consisting of a variety of elements. A sonorous and pure whistle, prolonged roar, deaf rumbles, a characteristic click, "clack", "tangling", as well as croaking, squealing and roaring with a crane. In case of danger, the nightingale snaps snoring.

Among the old males there are singers of exceptional excellence, setting the tone for the whole forest choir. The unusual singing of the nightingale can only be heard at night, when night singers perform their best repertoire.

The males begin to sing from the beginning of May, a few days after the flight, and fall silent only by mid-June.

The singing nightingale. The singing nightingale. The singing nightingale. The singing nightingale.

Where does the nightingale dwell

Common nightingales are typical migratory birds. The nesting area runs from the western territory of Russia to the Yenisei. The southern boundary of the range passes through the Caucasus and the semi-desert of Kazakhstan. North covers the Ural taiga and the territory of the Krasnoyarsk Territory.

Nightingales prefer to settle in humid and lowland forests of mixed type, especially in forest oak forests, in wetlands near rivers and streams. Гнездовья располагаются в тенистых и влажных зарослях ольшаника, бузины, черемухи, жимолости и в густом травостое.

Также соловья привлекают городские ландшафты: скверы и лесопарки, с озерами, прудами и густыми зарослями сирени и ивняка.

For wintering, nightingales migrate to North and East Africa, Saudi Arabia and Southern Iran.

Nightingale while swimming in a forest spring, Ukrainian national reserve "Khortytsya". The first bathing of the young nightingale.

What nightingales eat

The basis of the nightingale diet is animal food: caterpillars, ants, centipedes, spiders, ground beetles, flies, snails and other terrestrial insects, including pests.

In the fall, berries and plant seeds appear on the menu. Nestlings are fed by small caterpillars.

Nightingale and berry. Nightingale with prey. Nightingale with prey. Nightingale with prey. Nightingale and berry. Nightingale and flying fly: eat or not eat.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send

zoo-club-org