A good-natured, loyal, calm dog of rather large size - Newfoundland. The second name of this dog breed is a diver. They are considered among the largest in the world. But with their impressive dimensions do not show aggression. And at the same time, they can guard the house. Diver dog called no joke for. In some countries, these animals continue to serve in shore rescue teams.
Back to the ages
When exactly the breed appeared on the islands of Newfoundland, it is not known for certain. On the west coast of the island two thousand years ago the Indians lived. And some sources claim that these tribes had similar dogs.
The ancestors of the dogs of divers were Molossians, distinguished by their endurance, working qualities, strength and courage. The first records of the Newfoundlands date back to 1639. In the seventeenth century, they began to "mix" dogs, visitors from Europe. Already in the eighteenth century, Newfies were taken out to the Old World. The British engaged in the cultural selection of this breed. Finally, it was approved after participation in the exhibition in 1860 in the city of Birmingham. The Ministry of Defense of the Soviet Union adopted the Newfoundlands under Stalin. Later they began to appear in the cities. It was at that time that the popular name of the breed - the dog diver - spread and firmly entrenched in the open spaces of the Union.
Newfoundlands inspired poets, writers and artists with their appearance and character. The famous British artist Landseer painted a picture where you can see white in the black spots of Newfoundland. And this canvas, he called "A worthy member of human society."
Despite all the positive qualities, the breed is going through hard times. Newfowers are getting smaller, mostly breed enthusiasts.
Like all the Molossians, the Newfoundland is a rather large dog. The height at the withers in males reaches a maximum of 74 cm, in females - from 63 to 69 cm. With such growth in breed dogs, the diver corresponds to the size and weight, which is 60-68 kg in males, and bitches - 45-54 kg. The dog is proportionally folded, has a strong backbone. The head is round, large, with a wide muzzle. Many compare Newfishes with bears. In addition to the impressive size, this similarity is attached to them by small ears that fit snugly to the head.
The coat is long, thick, coarse, with a developed undercoat that does not get wet in the water. If you brush it out in the wrong direction, it should return to its original position. Short hair only on the head.
Newfoundlands come in four colors. The business card, as it appears in the description of the dogs of the divers, is the coal-black color of the coat. There are also dark brown representatives, black with a hint of mahogany and brown color. Small white markings are allowed on the fingers, the tip of the tail and the chest. Often the undercoat is gray or brown. There are newfoundlands of black and white at the same time, they are also called Landseer. At exhibitions they are evaluated separately.
Among the advantages of the Newfoundlands is their outstanding character. They can be safely called loving, with a great store of patience and calm. In the characteristic of a diver's dog always enter the mind and obedience, as well as the willingness to protect the family. In addition, the Newfoundland is ready to take on any business that the owner will charge him.
Newfoundlands are also called non-creeks. Just look at the photos of dogs breed diver, to make sure that one appearance is enough to dare outsiders. They are also very dedicated dogs, which can be a nuisance for long breaks. And they can miss not only the person, but also the animals living in the family. With such a pet, you can safely get other dogs, they will easily get along. Newfoundlands are so calm that cats sleep on them, curled up. Still, when new pets appear, you need to give the dog time for socialization.
They are clever and amenable to learning. But their sensitive nature does not tolerate rude, "kersey" treatment. They can not apply the methods of training with a rough increase in voice and punishment. Despite the calm and patience, they have a sense of self-worth. They can show independence if they are treated inappropriately.
In a family with children, they serve as real nannies. They will suffer all attacks from the smallest children. With older, they will be the best partners in outdoor games and long walks. Also, these animals are well established as an accompanying, observers for the safety of children.
They love water very much. You can find a lot of photos of dogs divers, demonstrating the skills of animals: dogs are involved in swims on the river or the sea, as well as in rescue operations on the shore.
What a dog looks like a diver, you can understand by looking at the photos attached to the article. It can be assumed that these animals simply puff health and strength. But, like many large dogs, Newfoundlands are prone to the development of hip dysplasia. Also, according to the description of the breed, the dog diver is prone to bloating due to the twisting of the intestines. Heat shots from the owners oversight are also not uncommon. Care must be taken that dogs do not overheat in summer. Representatives of the breed have eye diseases: cataracts, volvulus.
Newfoundland needs space, like any large dog. There is even a comic statement that there is not a lot of Newfie, there is little space. An ideal home for a diver will be a private house with a large courtyard, where he can freely lie down where he wishes. His wool is warm and has a natural lubricant, which makes it moisture resistant, which gives him the opportunity to literally go dry out of the water. It is enough just to shake things up. And at the same time in the summer a thick fur coat becomes a heavy burden for the dog. Care should be taken to ensure that the dog does not stay under the hot sunshine for a long time.
It is contraindicated to keep Newfoundland on a chain or in a close aviary. Such a balanced, intelligent dog does not deserve such a fate. The unobtrusiveness and delicacy of the Newfoundland makes his stay in the house almost imperceptible, he is not capable of getting under his feet, irritating him with his annoying presence. And at the same time, he needs the company of family members. Newf is a good listener, he can pour out his soul and in the expression of large open eyes to catch participation and response to changes in timbre and intonation in his voice.
Newfoundland content is not cheap. One meal results in a round sum. Added more spending on care, paying bills vet clinics. The family must have the necessary funds so that the cost coverage is not a heavy burden for the budget.
Newfoundland puppies are quite expensive, especially if they are potential winners at shows and are suitable for breeding. There are no more than five kennels in Moscow and the region, where puppies can be obtained by prior appointment at a reasonable price (starting at 14 thousand rubles). Champion puppies will not cost less than 50 thousand rubles.
In addition to the ever-climbing wool, the droplets can be counted among the disadvantages of the breed. Newfighters practically do not part with a special cloth or towel for wiping their hands. If you do not do this, it is difficult to catch the moment when the dog shakes his head and the saliva will scatter around the room. This liquid dries out, and washing the traces of the presence of a large pet is quite difficult.
Today there is no reliable description of the information about how exactly Newfoundland breed dogs occurred. Only the fact that its representatives appeared on the island of the same name in Canada is known. Well, animals were brought to Europe only in the XIX century, after which the breed became very popular. Newfoundland puppies were in demand on many noble estates.
Immediately it is worth noting that otherwise the dogs are called Divers rather because of the presence of membranes on their paws and the excellent ability to swim. Historically, the owners of these animals were mostly those who were associated with water by craft or lifestyle. Most often, the fishermen became the owners of the Newfoundlands, instructing their furry pets to catch nets and fallen objects from the water.
Externally, the Diver is similar to a huge shaggy wolf or even a bear. A long soft coat covers his whole body, through her on a large rectangular face you can see dark eyes. The bite can be scissor-like or straight. The tail with a very wide girth is slightly bent and lowered, serves as a rudder when swimming a dog.
Judging by the description of the standard, Newf's limbs are well developed, the elbows of the front paws are pressed to the body, the rib cage is wide, muscular. The neck is strong, of medium length, provides a deep fit of the head. Ears in the form of a triangle, soft to the touch, covered with short hair, reach to the inner corners of the eyes. Dogs of this breed, despite the size, have an impeccable noble posture.
Newfoundland puppies can be born in all three colors. Most often you can find a bright black color of wool, which is considered traditional. Also, brown puppies of a light or darker shade are often born. The most rare and special black and white color is considered, which is also recognized for the description of standards by the world organization FCI.
The characteristic of the standard states that the color of the eyes of Newfi can only be light or dark brown, which is directly dependent on the main coat color. The wide nose is also colored with a dark pigment, the claws may be white or horn colored.
The growth of animals of this breed is impressive: males reach a height of 70 cm from withers to the ground, and females reach 65 cm. The weight of adult animals is 68 and 54 kg, respectively. The length from the withers to the base of the tail should, according to the standard, be equal to the distance from the withers to the ground. Reviews of different owners agree that walking such a dog is better for an adult than a child.
Training and education
Newfoundland puppies already at an early age show good inclinations of intelligence and solid character, living in an apartment or house. Adult animals are able to make decisions in critical situations on their own, sometimes not paying attention to the reaction of their owner. In general, these are obedient and very intelligent dogs with strong character, capable of performing many commands. This is evidenced by reviews about the care of Newfami from people familiar with this breed.
In no case is it recommended to show aggression or to use punishment when training your Diver. They are very sensitive to manifestations of criticism, which can be misunderstood. Be patient, and you will certainly gain understanding with your dog. To assess the situation, take your classes on video, then review and draw conclusions.
We make the perfect diet
All Newfoundlands are unpretentious in the diet, but they require care like all pedigreed dogs. They can eat both natural food and dry food, regardless of appearance and character. Both the first and the second option will not deliver difficulties to the owner.
The fact is that Newf eats only once or twice a day and no longer asks. At the same time, it is important to regularly change the water in a bowl to quench your thirst. If you decide to choose a dry food, then you should purchase only premium food and super premium class food.
In the natural nutrition of the pet of this breed should contain the following ingredients:
- lean meat (beef, chicken, turkey),
- sea fish,
- superspot (liver, lungs, kidneys),
- vegetables, vegetable oil.
Character and intelligence
It’s hard to find a dog like Newfoundland by nature. This big shaggy “monster” loves to play, frolic and always takes on the role of a lifeguard, a nanny. It is safe to leave children without worrying about their safety. Newf is more likely to die on his own than substitute you or condemn your baby to danger. Dogs of this breed are not afraid of anything, including fire, traffic and thunderstorms.
The video demonstrates in practice the behavior of an adult diver.
Diver - a great pet for the soul, for the house, but not to protect the territory. A diver is called to be always with a person, otherwise he will yearn. At the same time, this silent is not happy with tantrums and almost never barks in the apartment. It also allows cats to sleep on their own and is able to protect even small kittens. About Newfach online you can find only positive reviews.
Despite the surprisingly high intelligence, this breed still has its disadvantages in the care and education. Although for someone like, but still: the dog often makes the decision on his own, and he does it with lightning speed. You still do not have time to gasp as the pet has already responded to this or that situation.
Moreover, the point is not at all in aggression or the manifestation of character harshness towards others. The fact is that the pet of this breed is a born defender and a mustache nurses prone to self-sacrifice. Are you ready for such a turn? It all depends on what set of qualities you would like to see in your pet.
The appearance of the breed
The ancestors of modern divers were mastiff-shaped European dogs. They appeared on the island of Newfoundland. This name subsequently became the name of the breed.
In the 16th century, mastiff-like and Indian dogs were bred. New breed lived on the island for almost 3 centuries. At the end of the 19th century, the first descendants of the diver were brought to France. Here, the breed was unpopular due to the large size and formidable type of dog, but the English Newfoundlands liked. Local scientists engaged in improving the gene pool, so that the first standard was derived, which until now has not changed.
The appearance of a diver
The dog is distinguished by its powerful body, beautiful posture and kind eyes. Males are quite large. Their height is 71 cm, and weight - 75 kg. Bitches lighter by 10 kg and lower by 6 cm. All members of this breed have well-developed muscles and excellent coordination.
- Pure black, brown or gray. White spots may be observed on the tip of the tail, chest, paws and chin.
- Bronze shades on a brown, black or gray color.
- Landseer, that is, black and white colors.
In general, the diver’s coat is very thick and rather long, so it needs regular, proper care. So, you must carefully comb your pet and use special shampoos.
- The breed is characterized by the presence of a large head and a short square muzzle with soft fur. Although there are no folds on the skin, the corners of the mouth are clearly visible.
- Big nose has a pronounced brown or black tint.
- Small eyes dogs are usually brown.
- Because of the large head, the triangular ears seem small, however, if you gently pull them forward, they will touch the inner corner of the eye.
- Differences in the breed are strong jaws and a straight bite.
- Powerful dog bodywhile her back is very wide.
- The diver has large, flat paws with developed muscles.
- The tail at the base, wide at rest, is lowered down, and while moving or experiencing strong emotions, it twists slightly at the end.
Representatives of this breed patient, calm and very smart. They are always ready to protect their master. Such a dog practically does not bark. Despite this, she scares strangers due to its size.
The animal is very devoted to the family, because of which the long parting with the owners become quite painful. Moreover, a pet may long for deceased family members or other pets. It is worth noting that with enough attention the animal tolerates a short separation well.
Newfoundland is ideal for families with small children. Pet makes even the most hyperactive kids. The animal often plays with grown children, making it considered an excellent companion who monitors the safety of adolescents.
Breed Representatives get along well with different pets, including small and large dogs. Divers even adapt to cats due to their calm nature. Moreover, cats often sleep on the back of a dog.
It must be remembered that the Newfoundlands love to swim, so it is unlikely that they can easily walk around the lake. In addition, representatives of the breed love to travel. They are absolutely not afraid to drive in a car.
- Divers shed heavily throughout the year, so they need to be regularly combed. So that the dense undercoat does not become confused, experienced breeders recommend combing the animal at least 4 times a week, using a stiff brush for this purpose. If this is not done, mats will begin to form. Они вызывают зуд и тянут кожу, что доставляет дискомфорт животному.
- Необходимо учитывать, что у водолазов имеется природная смазка. По этой причине не стоит слишком часто мыть водолаза. Лучше всего использовать специальные сухие шампуни при необходимости.
- Чтобы избежать инфекций, следует регулярно осматривать уши собаки и ее глаза.
- A diver is considered a calm dog, which has a penchant for a passive lifestyle. In company with other animals, she will surely play and run, but alone the Newfoundland usually lies down to rest in the shade. Because of this, representatives of the breed may suffer from obesity, so they need regular exercise, which will help avoid obesity and other health problems. Best of all for these purposes a long slow run or an active walk on a not too hot day will do. Adult divers prefer short-lived games.
It is worth noting that representatives of the breed diver excellently understand the situation and react correctly. They do not give in to provocations, since they easily distinguish a real threat from an artificial danger. Therefore, the usual training will be ineffective.
It should be understood that the Newfoundland is not a bodyguard. This animal saves people in trouble, cares for them and is constantly nearby. In the presence of a serious threat, a calm diver turns into a decidedly formidable dog.
Newfoundland is well trained and educated. This animal has an excellent memory. It is enough to gently ask your pet to execute any command.
Generally Newfoundland learns easily. He is so attached to his master that he wants to please and is constantly trying to guess the still unsigned team. Because of this sensitivity, divers should not be criticized or raised their voice. Experts recommend to avoid punishment or tough training. If you start shouting at a dog or hit it, it will take offense for a long time.
For representatives of the Newfoundland breed, ready-made feeds belonging to the super premium class are ideal. If you want to feed your pet with natural food, you should pay attention to the amount and proportion of food. So, half of the diet is meat, namely beef, veal or goat meat. Pork or poultry should not be given. Of the by-products, beef liver should be preferred, and of the cereals, oat flakes and buckwheat. From rice and potatoes should be abandoned.
Puppies are fed 4 times a day., and adults - 2 times. The portion size for young active dogs can exceed the norm, and pets older than 4-5 years should in no case be overfed, as this leads to obesity.
The diver is a great dog, a smart companion, a devoted friend and a caring nurse who can be trusted with a child. Naturally, representatives of this breed need to be raised. If the owner will behave correctly and pay attention to the dog, then all the positive qualities of the breed will be preserved.
These dogs come from the Canadian sea province, island Newfoundland.
There is no clarity about their origin, there are only various hypotheses, which have both adherents and critics.
The first documentary evidence of the breed as such dates from the eighteenth century, and descriptions of the standards are made in 1886It was from this moment that the history of the Newfoundland breed began.
Newfoundlands are massive, hardy, muscular animals with thick, long hair. Categorized working dogs.
Newfoundland has an innate instinct for saving people who are drowning or just caught up in the water; they have a soft, good-natured character.
About breed diver
Newfoundland breed dogs are often not too legitimately called divers: it is more correct to refer to breeds bred in the USSR as divers.
In the USSR, they tried to develop a slightly different, new breed of dogs, which would have a number of Newfoundland properties (strength, cold resistance, endurance in general), but at the same time - severalimproved, In terms of breeders, character and temperament.
It was supposed to be service breed, with well-developed guard and guard qualities.
In the USSR, these dogs were quite popular for some time, however, in 1985, by the decision of the All-Union Federation of Service Dog Breeding, the breed was declared unpromising.
Newfoundland breed standards adopted:
Skull - wide, with a slightly convex arch and a strongly developed occipital protuberance. Well defined stop, smooth.
Muzzle square shape. The coat on the face is short and soft. There are no skin folds on the face. The characteristic bite is either scissor or straight.
Eyes relatively small, rather small, deep-set, wide apart.
Eye color - from dark brown to slightly lighter. Ears small, triangular in shape, rounded at the ends, tight-fitting.
Neck - strong and muscular, well set.
Housing - deep, strong, with a wide back and chest. Backbone massive.
Strong and muscular loin. Pelvis strong and wide, hips muscular.
Limbs - straight and parallel forelimbs, paws large, rounded. The presence of well-marked membranes between the fingers.
Impressive, proportional hind limbs. The tibiae are strong and rather long.
Tail - wide and powerful at the base.
Dimensions - The growth of adult males on average is 71 cm, adult bitches - 66 cm. The average weight of adult males is 68 kg, bitches - 54 kg.
Wool - double, water-repellent, slight undulation is allowed. Margin hair long, straight. Undercoat soft to the touch, thick.
Color - black, white and black and brown.
Lifespan - 8 - 10 years.
Character Newfoundland was formed as a result of a long selection, aimed at creating a working dog - lifeguard, a strong and enduring helper, but by no means a hunter or a guard.
The extreme conditions in which the Newfoundlands had to exist led to the selection of smart dogs that are capable of making decisions on their own and quickly rather than waiting for a team.
The Newfoundlands may neglect the team they received if they consider it to be meaningless.
In a dangerous situation, the dog acts instantly and is able to protect the owner from any enemy.
Calmness, composure, and in some way stubbornness - this is also about the Newfoundlands.
Aggression is not at all peculiar to them, and this is also a direct result of many years of selection.
These dogs are extremely friendly and friendly with both humans and animals.
With children behave like nannies, they are allowed and endure many pranks patiently.
The Newfoundlands barking is not often heard, it is a reason to be wary: most likely, danger is near.
Despite its impressive appearance and, at first glance, good health, divers are prone to many diseases.
According to official data, Newfoundlands are subject to 46 (!) Diseaseshereditary:
- skeletal disorders (hip dysplasia),
- diseases of the kidneys and urinary system (cystinuria),
- thyroid dysfunction (hypothyroidism),
- heart disease (cardiomyopathy, atrial septal defect, aortic stenosis).
In addition, inversion of the intestines, cataracts, other eye diseases, ectopia of the ureters are observed.
Currently, for Newfoundlands, however, as well as for dogs of other breeds, a lot of diagnostic methods are available, for example, radiography to exclude dysplasia of the hip and knee joints, genetic tests to exclude cystinuria, cardiac echodlerography.
It should be noted the tendency of these dogs to obesity.
How to build a cage for the Rottweiler and the diver described in this article.
In detail about all the tablets for worms for dogs, read the link http://kotovasia.net/vet/…html
The following standards are known for the Newfoundland breed:
- official - FCI (International Canine Federation),
- Canadian Kennel Club,
- American Kennel Club.
According to the official FCI standardsThree color variations are allowed: black, white and black and brown. Traditional for the breed is considered black.
The following spots are most characteristic of the white-black color: the head is black with a white stripe that goes down on the muzzle, a black saddle on the back, surrounding the base of the tail, other parts of the croup are white.
By Canadian Club Standards Dog breeding is allowed only two types of color - black and white-black.
By American Club Standards black, brown, gray and white-black types of colors are allowed.
Black color is controlled by the dominant gene.
Photos of divers
The main care of the Newfoundlands is the hassle for their thick coat.
In spring and autumn, they have a seasonal molt, the so-called "blowing off wool", That is, dropping a thick undercoat.
The number of shed hairs is so huge ...
Highly recommended at least 4 times a week combing wool dogs using a stiff brush, paying special attention to the places where mats have a habit of forming.
Eye care, ears, claws
You must constantly check the status eye dogs to prevent possible infection.
Ears also require regular inspection for infections and ear mites in dogs.
Claws mowing as needed, the frequency of this procedure, usually once a month.
Newfoundlands have a pronounced propensity to obesity because of the passive lifestyle. Nutrition should be balanced and not too high in calories.
Adult dogs are fed 2 times a day, and puppies - 4 times.
It is allowed to give meat - beef, veal, lamb.
Not recommended pork and poultry.
Meat in the diet should be at least 40 - 50%, limit foods such as rice and potatoes, it is better to give buckwheat and oatmeal. You can also use dry dog food.
Newfoundlands are absolutely essential physical exercise.
Walking should be regular, appropriate to the age and health of the dog.
Do not forget that the Newfoundland - water dogs and big swim lovers.
How to choose a newfoundland puppy
The choice of puppies should be taken seriously and responsibly:
- it is better to contact a reputable professional nursery,
- get as much information as possible about the puppy's parents, check the pedigree,
- estimate puppy health condition - its activity, mobility, appearance,
- obtain and examine the results of genetic testing of parents for the presence of hereditary diseases or their carrier state,
- check vaccination documents
- ask about the possibility of obtaining advice and advice breeder in the future.
A healthy puppy in a proven kennel costs more by an order of magnitude (approximately 40 - 60 thousand rubles), rather than from the hands of unknown people.
But it is much more guaranteed that you will not be deceived and disappointed in the future.
How to teach a dog to the toilet can be found in this article.
The life expectancy of the German Shepherd Dog is written here http://kotovasia.net/dogs/…german-shepherd
About the features of the Newfoundland dog breed, see the video: