In the article I will talk about this disease of dogs, like mycoplasmosis. I will list the causes of the disease, give the route of transmission. I'll tell you who is at risk and how the disease manifests itself. I will list the methods of diagnosis, treatment and prevention. I will say whether the dog is dangerous for humans.
Risk group, ways of transmission and causes of mycoplasma
Mycoplasmosis in dogs is caused by pathogenic microorganisms - mycoplasmas. They belong to bacteria, do not have a rigid cell wall, and are able to grow actively on many nutrient media.
At risk are weak animals of any gender and age. Also, the disease is more prone to dogs with tumors and calculi in the bladder or kidneys.
Viruses enter the body of an animal through food, water, contact with carriers (most often they are cats). Bacteria are usually located on the oral mucosa, in the vagina (in bitches) or in the urethra (in males), in the intestines or stomach. The virus can be sexually transmitted.
Mycoplasmosis is transmitted to a weakened animal through water, food and on contact with other animals.
Symptoms of mycoplasmosis in dogs
The disease can be recognized by the following symptoms:
- Eye damage. A clear sign of mycoplasmosis is the development of conjunctivitis, unilateral or bilateral. The discharge from the eye is transparent at first, and then may become purulent. Conjunctiva swells and reddens.
- Damage to the respiratory system. The development of rhinitis or rhinitis is also a symptom of the disease. The discharge from the nose is clear, not mucous.
- Diseases of the genitourinary system. Often, diseases such as urethritis, prostatitis, vaginitis, etc., develop additionally.
- Damage to the joints. The dog begins to limp. Joints swell, become hot to the touch. When viewed and palpation, the dog experiences discomfort. Muscles may also be affected.
- The appearance of small abscesses under the skin.
- In pregnant females with mycoplasmosis, miscarriages can occur, or the offspring appear weakened. Also, the disease often causes infertility.
How to diagnose and treat mycoplasmosis
The most significant diagnostic method is polymer chain reaction or PCR. The veterinarian takes a few swabs from the mucous membranes: from the eyes, genitals, nose. They also take blood from the pet for carrying out bakposev. With its help it is determined which antibiotics mycoplasmas are sensitive to.
Mycoplasmosis treatment is carried out according to the following scheme:
- The dog is prescribed antibiotics, to which mycoplasmas are sensitive. Such drugs include Erythromycin, Tetracycline, Tylosin.
- Together with antibiotics, antimicrobial medicines are prescribed: Levomycetin, Doxycycline, etc.
- After a course of antibiotics, probiotics must be given a course (Vetom 1.1, Bifidumbakterin, Linex, etc.).
- Immunostimulants must be prescribed. Usually use drugs such as Anandin, Gamavit, Maxidine, Roncoleukin, Ribotan.
- Also, the veterinarian prescribes local treatment of conjunctivitis, rhinitis, inflammation of the joints. To do this, use ointments, gels or drops with antibiotics. You can not use steroid drugs.
Without prior baccosev, antibiotics cannot be prescribed, since the mycoplasma of a particular dog may not be sensitive to certain drugs. As a result, the treatment will not bring any effect, and the condition of the animal will only worsen.
Diagnose a disease based on blood tests of a sick dog.
Sick animal care
A sick dog must be isolated from healthy animals. Patient pet is transferred to a full and balanced diet. It is very important to comply with all appointments of a veterinarian and regularly donate blood for tests. Treatment of the disease is long, often animals remain carriers for life.
Is dog mycoplasmosis dangerous for humans?
It is not known for sure whether the dog's mycoplasma is dangerous for humans, therefore veterinarians advise to carry out all animal treatments with gloves and a mask. At the time of treatment, it is better to exclude the pet's contact with young children and family members whose immunity is weakened.
It is not yet known whether the dog mycoplasmosis is transmitted to humans.
To do this, the dog should be fed with balanced high quality feeds, regularly carried out parasite treatments and vaccinations. You can not allow hypothermia pet. Before viscous, both a dog and a bitch should be checked for the presence of pathogenic bacteria.
Mycoplasmosis - the disease is not fatal, but very unpleasant. The treatment lasts a long time, and at the same time the animal can remain a carrier of bacteria. When therapy is started on time, the prognosis is favorable.
Ways of transmitting mycoplasmosis in dogs
The main carriers of mycoplasmas are cats and wild rats.
Wild rats are carriers of mycoplasmas.
It is from cats that the dogs catch Mollicutes cynos. At the same time, in cats there are 2 types of mycoplasmas, characteristic for them: Mollicutes felis and Mollicutes gatae , and Mollicutes cynos for cats is not a threat, but getting into a weakened dog's body, begins its destructive activity.
- There are several opportunities to become infected. Mycoplasmas in the body inhabit mucous membranes. This may be the upper airways, therefore, you can get airborne droplets. Gastrointestinal mucosa and genital organs are suitable for microorganisms, and the infection, genital and genital activities are the pathways of infection.
- The presence of mycoplasma in the body is not a sign of illness. Only 10% of the total mass of mycoplasma carriers (about 80% of dogs) are affected. The protective function of the body is reduced during serious illness, with cancer and immunodeficiency, in pregnant bitches.
Is it transmitted to man?
Personal care should be taken.
Many are interested in the question: "Is mycoplasmosis transmitted from dog to man?" You can not get infected with a pet , as mycoplasma inhabiting a person is of a completely different type. But personal and household hygiene should be followed. This will quickly cure the four-legged pet.
Diagnosis and treatment
Unfortunately, all the signs of this disease are blurry and uncharacteristic, similar to the manifestations of many other diseases. According to the stories, photos, and absentee consultations, based on the results of the examination (even if the veterinarian is the most experienced), it is impossible to make a diagnosis. Moreover, it is impossible to prescribe therapy without conducting a comprehensive analysis of mycoplasmosis in dogs: the number of parasites, their activity, the reaction to antibiotics, the resistance of the organism. A simple confirmation of the presence of mycoplasmas is not enough - these cellular "tenants" do not always cause harm to the wearer. According to veterinarians, mycoplasmas are found in analyzes of about 70% of all dogs, only 10% of them suffer from mycoplasmosis. But the test is still necessary (otherwise the dog can be treated for years from cystitis or another disease, without removing its cause - increased activity of mycoplasma).
So, first of all, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics - tylosin, erythromycin, doxycycline, minocycline, chloramphenicol, etc. Since mycoplasmas quickly adapt and develop resistance, two drugs are usually used at once. In order not to destroy the liver, be sure to prescribe hepatoprotectors.
The use of immunostimulants or modulators is shown to help the body cope with the infection on its own. Against the background of reduced immunity, antibiotics are not effective, and immunity is already difficult - he “sees” the affected cells, but cannot “understand” the cause of the changes and eliminate it. Therefore, without third-party support in any way. Symptomatic therapy - individually: drops and ointments for the eyes with conjunctivitis, anti-inflammatory and painkillers for arthritis, etc.
How does mycoplasma infection occur?
To understand the treatment regimen, you need to know in which part of the body these microbes are located and lead to dysfunction. These microbes are located in the mucosa of the dog, in the gastrointestinal tract, in the genitals. They are especially dangerous because they attach to the cells of the animal and feed at their expense. Thus, the dog loses its vitality, and the body is depleted and can not cope with the disease.
The main pathogens are cats, rats, so you need to carefully monitor the location in which the pet walks. Accordingly, these microbes can be transmitted by airborne droplets, as well as during sexual relations between individuals.
A distinctive feature of mycoplasmosis in dogs is that despite the presence in the body of these viruses, 10% of dogs still suffer from the disease. In the remaining 80% of those infected, the symptoms may not appear, which is a particular danger. Not shown signs can lead to a sharp deterioration of the pet and the progress of the disease.
Signs of a Mycoplasmosis in Dogs
To understand whether a dog suffers from mycoplasmosis, you need to carefully consider the signs. The main symptoms of mycoplasmosis in dogs in most cases are pronounced, for example:
- fever, signs of fever,
- feeling sick in a dog
- unwillingness to make contact with the owner, ignoring affection,
- lack of appetite, diarrhea, severe stomach pain, colic,
- inflammation of the eyes, eyelids, accompanied by purulent discharge,
- rashes or spots on the dog’s skin are particularly noticeable and the coat at the site of injury may be absent,
- runny nose, cold symptoms that can develop into inflammations of the lungs and bronchi,
- lameness, which occurs due to the deterioration of the joints,
- rhinitis or inflammation of the nasal cavity
- prostatitis, signs of cystitis.
In order for the disease not to worsen and not lead to irreversible consequences, you must carefully consider the symptoms and consult a veterinarian. The doctor will set up a survey, and only after that will prescribe treatment. To identify the disease, you must first check the blood, urine, then the airways are examined, the eyes are checked.
After mycoplasmas will be revealed, it is necessary to establish their stability and approximate quantity. Such indicators will give an idea about the disease, the characteristics and at what stage the disease is. To achieve the result and effective treatment, you need to contact a veterinarian in time and follow all the instructions.
No one except the veterinarian will be able to accurately determine the cause of the disease and how to treat it. Sometimes, the symptoms may indicate mycoplasmosis, and the results of the tests will reveal another disease.
Treatment of infection in dogs
Treatment with mycoplasmosis in dogs should be complex, from several stages. This treatment is prescribed by a veterinarian on the basis of various indicators and analysis results:
- pet's age, the older the dog, the weaker the immunity, as well as the ability to resist diseases,
- general state,
- what stage is the disease
- the mass of the dog.
The owner of the pet should know about the features of mycoplasmosis and its manifestations, so antibiotics are an important thing during treatment. Antibiotics should be of several types, since microbes can quickly become accustomed to these drugs when using one type of antibiotics may be ineffective. These types of antibiotics include the following drugs:
- Doxycycline is the strongest antimicrobial drug that destroys mycoplasma at an early stage of the disease,
- Levometsitin - used to weaken the action of microbes,
- Tylosin is used to block the foci of inflammation,
- Erythromycin is also used to curb the development of infectious diseases of the mucous membranes.
In order not to harm the liver due to drugs, the veterinarian prescribes heteroprotectors that support the most important organ. These drugs have a good effect on the liver, by neutralizing harmful substances. These main drugs include:
- Phosphogliv is prescribed in violation of the integrity of the cells, since the active substance, which is part of this drug, restores destroyed cells,
- Essliver restores the functionality of the liver, but as an independent drug does not apply,
- Essentiale is used to repair damaged liver cells,
Phosphontsiale restores impaired metabolism, is also used for the prevention of liver diseases.
It is necessary to check for the presence of allergies in the dog and, if found, the veterinarian will replace these drugs with natural ones. Herbal medicines help to eliminate problems without causing allergies, and they are also not addictive. The number and the list of drugs depends on the situation and the degree of neglect of the disease.
Prevention of mycoplasma infection
For cystitis and inflammation of the urinary system, anti-inflammatory medications are used. In case of eye inflammation, both ointments and drops are used. The treatment may take an indefinite amount of time, so be prepared for this. To prevent the disease from progressing and not to touch the pet, it is necessary to take preventive measures:
- regular visit of the vet, mandatory preventive vaccinations,
- you need to buy only high-quality food, rich in vitamins and minerals, because immunocompromised dogs suffer from the disease more often than others,
- a restriction in communicating with other animals, since during the infection of a healthy dog these manifestations may be imperceptible for a long time,
- during pregnancy, you need careful control over the state of the pet, as mycoplasmosis is inherited.
Mycoplasmosis in dogs is a dangerous disease, in the case of which progress is observed the emergence of new diseases such as plague and enteritis. These diseases are severe and often result in irreversible consequences for the animal. Pregnant dogs are particularly vulnerable in this regard, therefore there are almost no chances of giving birth to healthy offspring. Mycoplasmosis in a pregnant female can lead to miscarriage, difficult childbirth and irreversible effects.
And the most important rule - never self-medicate, as this can only worsen the situation and speed up the disease. And even after improving well-being and the absence of symptoms does not mean complete recovery, since the disease can turn into a chronic condition.
The chronic stage of the disease is more dangerous, since the symptoms do not appear but destroy the pet. Attentive and careful attitude to your pet is a guarantee of health and well-being. Remember that the pet's health is in the hands of the owner, and the caring owner is the dog's best friend.
Signs and symptoms
Mycoplasmosis is similar in its symptoms to other infectious diseases.
A long and asymptomatic course of the disease leads to late diagnosis. Symptoms of mycoplasmosis are similar to signs of other diseases.
We can assume that the dog has a cold or conjunctivitis, but in reality the body suffers from mycoplasmosis. The organ that has chosen mycoplasma can be ill. Therefore, some treat their pets with arthritis, arthrosis, kidney and urinary diseases, but the results of treatment are of minor importance.
Consider the main symptoms that may be signs of mycoplasmosis:
- Sluggish pet condition . He refuses to play, trying to lie down and rest. When you try to measure the temperature, it turns out that it is elevated. Fever causes thirst.
- Refusal to eat with nausea and vomiting, diarrhea is possible.
- Inflammatory diseases of the eye : conjunctivitis, swelling and inflammation of the eyelids, discharge in the form of pus, constant tearing.
- Diseases of the respiratory system : cold, cough, runny nose.
- Skin problems : allergies, dermatitis, eczema.
- Mycoplasmosis is often similar to signs of arthritis or arthrosis. . Under the action of mycoplasmas, the articular cartilages are destroyed, which causes lameness in the animal. The dog becomes inactive, it is difficult for it to walk and step on its paws.
- The organs of the genitourinary system suffer . Signs of cystitis, urethritis, prostatitis appear. In females, vaginal discharge is possible.
The sluggish condition of the dog - the main symptom of the disease.
Detection of mycoplasmosis
To make a diagnosis, the animal will need to undergo a full examination. A sample list of studies that will appoint a veterinarian:
- urine and blood tests
- tests for conjunctivitis,
- study of the superficial contents of the bronchi and mucous genital organs.
To detect mycoplasmosis should pass a urinalysis.
Identified mycoplasmas are checked for viability and activity, their number is calculated.
To prescribe an effective therapy, a study is conducted on the resistance of mycoplasmas to individual drugs. After all diagnostic measures and diagnosis, the vet will be able to prescribe treatment. It will be long, so you will need to exactly follow all the requirements of a specialist.
To rid the pet of mycoplasmosis, it is necessary to fight in a complex.
Эритромицин применяется для лечения микоплазмоза.
An approximate treatment regimen will look like this, but an expert should appoint the exact dosage and a certain type of drugs, it will take into account the weight and age of the dog, its general condition, the severity of the disease:
- Without antibiotics, mycoplasmosis cannot be treated. . This type of microorganism very quickly gets used to one type of antibiotics, and the treatment becomes ineffective. To prevent addiction, it is necessary to use two different types of antibiotics at once, as well as their replacement with other drugs. The following drugs may be prescribed from antibiotics: Erythromycin, Levomycetin, Doxycycline, Tylosin. The tetracycline antibiotics, macrolides and fluoroquinolones showed the highest efficacy. Penicillin preparations are ineffective due to mycoplasma insensitivity to them.
- The liver suffers from such powerful therapy, therefore use of hepatoprotectors necessarily .
- Improving immunity - the first priority . Therefore, it is necessary to use immunostimulants. This will help the body independently begin to fight alien microorganisms.
- If a dog has conjunctivitis , use drops and ointments to eliminate the inflammatory process. Expectorants, antitussives will help relieve symptoms of respiratory mycoplasmosis.
- For pain in the joints prescribe painkillers.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs will need with cystitis, urethritis .
It is necessary to monitor the quality of food dogs.
Healthy and active pets do not suffer from mycoplasmosis. Therefore, prevention should be aimed at improving the health and improving the living conditions of the dog. To preventive measures include:
- Quality control of the four-legged friend.
- Limiting contact with stray dogs and wild stray animals.
- Watching the animals for a walk. It is necessary to prevent the animal from trying to pick up food from the ground or trashcan.
- It is necessary to observe the vaccination schedule in order to protect the dog from dangerous diseases that deteriorate health and undermine immunity.
- If a dog is pregnant, it is necessary to visit a veterinarian before mating and to undergo diagnosis for mycoplasmosis. In this case, the tests must pass and the dog and bitch. Mycoplasmosis is transmitted during childbirth, so it is very dangerous for future offspring. Due to the presence of active mycoplasma in a pregnant dog, miscarriages are possible, the emergence of stillborn or disabled puppies.
Danger of mycoplasmosis in dogs
Mycoplasmosis causes other diseases. It weakens the protective functions of the body, which can lead to the development of diseases such as enteritis. chumka .
Mycoplasmosis in a dog can develop into a distemper.