Deciding to have a pet, the owner should be aware that in addition to joy and positive emotions, he will have a lot of worries and troubles. Caring for a cat or a cat is a responsible matter. In order for the pet to remain healthy and cheerful, the owner must know what vaccinations the kitten will do.
If vaccination is not carried out, kittens may become victims of various viral diseases and die from diseases such as leukemia, panleukopenia and others. Complications after herpes or calcivirosis are no less dangerous. In addition, vaccinations protect against rabies, not only the animal, but also its owner, who may suffer from the bite of a sick pet.
To purchase a kitten should be treated as responsibly as possible. It is necessary not only to know what to feed him, how to water and where he will sleep, but also be able to take care of his health condition.
Before you buy a pet, you must carefully examine it. The easiest way to notice external defects: the abnormal structure of the spine, paws and head. If the skin has spots without hair, you need to consult a veterinarian. The kitten's eyes should be clear. Also worth exploring the ears, mucous membranes and oral cavity. The body temperature of a healthy kitten should be 38.0 - 39.0 degrees.
Every owner should know when to vaccinate a kitten. And remember the main rule: at the time of vaccination, the pet must be completely healthy. Some time before the procedure, it is necessary to carry out antihelminthic therapy. If you neglect this measure, vaccination may not have the desired effect. You can buy anthelmintic in a specialty store.
To protect the kitten from contact with the outside world in the first days after vaccination, it is more expedient to hold the latter at home.
When is the first vaccination done?
Inexperienced owners are often interested in when to first vaccinate a kitten. As a rule, vaccination is carried out when the pet is two months old. If the baby has the opportunity to spend all the time with the cat mother, you can perform the procedure three months after birth. Maternal antibodies that enter the body of a kitten with milk, can resist vaccination, which will reduce its effectiveness.
To strengthen the body's immune response, after the first one is carried out, the kitten needs to be vaccinated, that is, revaccination. Veterinarians recommend that the next vaccination be done only after the teeth are replaced. The third vaccination is carried out at the age of one. Further procedure is carried out every year.
What diseases will vaccination save?
To figure out which vaccinations a kitten needs, you need to understand what they can save your pet from.
To date, veterinarians distinguish four common infectious diseases.
- Herpesvirus. This disease is considered viral and is called rhinotracheitis. It affects the upper respiratory tract, and the kitten becomes infected by droplets, because the viruses "live" in the air. Most often they are sick kittens, at least - adult cats.
- Plague, or panleukopenia. It is quite easy to become infected with this disease, it is enough to have contact with a sick animal or with its marks. This can happen while walking.
- Calcivirosis. The virus infects the respiratory tract; both kittens and a pet at a young or more mature age can pick it up.
- Leptospirosis. You can become infected with this disease from mice and other rodents that are carriers. Cats love to catch them, so saving the animal from all contact is extremely difficult. The main symptoms of the disease are fever and hemorrhage, but the most dangerous is that the disease can pass in a latent form. Leptospirosis is transmitted to humans, it is very contagious.
How is immunity formed?
When you think about how much a kitten is to be vaccinated and how old it should be, you should not forget that in the first months of life, kittens get protection from their mother's milk, but by the third or fourth, she is significantly weaker. This period is considered critical to the health of the baby, as the animal is very susceptible to infections and viruses. Therefore, you need to know when to make the first vaccinations kitten.
After vaccination, the immunity is stable for the first two years of life, and then the owner needs to think about the further safety of his pet.
What to do next?
To determine further actions and understand when to vaccinate a kitten, you need to contact a veterinarian. The doctor will talk about the various methods of possible protection of the pet from viruses and other diseases. Kittens are encouraged to have a series of vaccinations that begin at the sixth week of life and are regularly repeated. The last vaccination is a kitten at the age of twenty weeks.
Veterinarians can use conventional injections as well as combine them with an intranasal technique. Conducting rabies vaccinations must comply with local legislation.
The answer to the question: "Do the kitten need vaccinations?" Is unequivocal. Of course, needed. The algorithm of their implementation should always be the same, then the effectiveness of vaccination will be maximum. Before the procedure, the doctor carefully examines the pet. And only after his permission can be vaccinated.
If there was a move to a new place of residence, the animal was subjected to overheating or overcooling, etc., then it is better to postpone the vaccination.
A veterinarian should know the age of the animal and other basic information: appetite, level of activity, frequency of urination, and so on. The doctor will tell you what vaccinations do the kitten in the first place. After the procedure, the animal should be under the supervision of a doctor for twenty minutes to eliminate possible allergic reactions. For a while, the kitten can be sluggish and sleepy, lose your appetite and sleep a lot. But the next day, his condition should return to normal.
Where to vaccinate kittens?
A caring owner should consider not only what vaccinations a kitten needs, but where it is better to vaccinate. The most ideal option is to call a doctor at home. Then the pet will be fenced he negative conditions and will not pick up any disease on the street. The probability of such an outcome is quite high, since the immunity after the procedure will be weakened.
The advantages of this option include time saving and relative calm of a pet, because it will be in a familiar, comfortable environment. In addition, it will be difficult for the doctor in the clinic to spend a lot of time on the kitten, because there are other visitors there. At home, the veterinarian will be able to leisurely examine the animal and prescribe an individual vaccination scheme.
Immunization of cats at a young age
It is very important not only to know what vaccinations to make a kitten, but also not to forget to vaccinate the cat before pregnancy, in order to protect the offspring. Only in this way will the immunity of future kittens respond adequately to deadly viral diseases. Vaccination is carried out starting from the twentieth week of life, and can last up to two years.
If the cat is older than two years, revaccination should be carried out in the first years after the birth of the offspring. The veterinarian will tell in detail about all the risks and benefits of annual vaccination.
Vaccinations for adult cats
Adult pet must be vaccinated annually. The difference between this procedure and vaccination of a kitten lies in the fact that there is no need for revaccination. Active immunity is developed only after ten days, so the contacts of the pet with the outside world should be reduced as much as possible.
Sometimes careless pet owners consider vaccinations optional, and therefore do not see the need to do them, explaining that the kitten is completely homemade. Therefore, it is worth knowing that certain types of vaccinations are required by law.
Why do I need a veterinary passport?
Every animal should have a veterinary passport, only this way it will be possible to travel with it. Rabies vaccines are especially important, as they are mandatory. In order for all marks to be made correctly, you should seek help from a veterinarian who has a kitten.
The passport will be assigned to the animal after the chipping procedure. In this case, an electronic microchip is inserted under the pet's skin. Quite small kittens can be carried without a passport, but with the appropriate certificate from the veterinarian.
What viruses must be vaccinated
There is a certain number of ailments to which cats are most susceptible. Among them are rabies, viral leukemia, infectious feline peritonitis.
Most often, cats die from these diseases, so it is important to decide when to vaccinate kittens.
Panleukopenia is the plague. It is worth paying special attention to it. The fact is that the disease is acute. In this case, cats are observed indigestion and heart failure. Most often, this ailment ends with the death of a beloved animal, if the first vaccinations for the kitten were not made on time. In addition, it should be borne in mind that the disease is very contagious, so it can be transmitted from one pet to another. Most often, animals with weak immunity, as well as young kittens, suffer from this disease.
Also pay attention to the disease called calcivirosis. This is a viral ailment with which a young cat can get infected from a person, or rather not from the owner himself, but from his clothes, in which he constantly goes to the street.
Viral leukemia is also very dangerous for pets. As soon as the virus of this disease enters the body of an animal, it immediately infects the bone marrow. The treatment of the disease is very painful and requires strengthening the pet's immune system. Also it is necessary to take into account that there are no ways to completely cure leukemia, therefore it is imperative that the first vaccination of the kitten be performed promptly.
Types of vaccines
Vaccinations for animals are of 2 types: live and inactivated, that is, dead. Experts can not yet say exactly which type of vaccination is the best.
Live vaccines imply the introduction of a small amount of a live virus, thanks to which cats develop quite strong and long-lasting immunity. However, in rare cases, such vaccination can cause prolonged progression of the disease, which in turn can lead to very unpleasant consequences.
If we talk about the first vaccination for a kitten of the inactivated type, the vaccine is a microorganism killed by a chemical or physical method of the virus. In this case, the effect will be less long. In addition, after such a vaccination, the liver and kidneys of the animal are complicated.
How to impart kittens
As a rule, the first vaccination is given to a kitten at 8 weeks. If a young cat was born from a cat that was vaccinated, then part of the antibodies were transferred to him along with the milk, respectively, such a baby can not be vaccinated until 12 weeks.
It is not recommended to make the first injection at an earlier age, since during this period the animal does not develop active immunity, respectively, any injections will be simply useless.
In order for the procedure to take place correctly, approximately 10-12 days before the date of vaccination, it is necessary to take some preventive measures. First of all, you need to give the kitten an anthelmintic drug. Its dose is calculated based on the weight of the baby. After this, it is necessary to make sure that the pet got rid of worms, respectively, for this it is necessary to periodically check the contents of the tray. If the kitten suffers from parasites, it is not recommended to vaccinate him. First you need to completely cure him of the existing disease. Only then can vaccination be performed.
If we talk about the first vaccinations for a kitten, they are made at the age of 2-3 months. As a rule, these are injections with drugs containing several viruses at once.
Repeated vaccination is carried out in a month. It uses the same components as the first time. The third time a vaccination needs to be done in a year At this time, the composition of the drug will be the same, only this time anti-rabies components will be added to it.
If the pet will often go to the street or attend exhibitions, then it is necessary to also vaccinate it from depriving.
When kittens get their first rabies vaccination
Many cat owners are seriously concerned about this disease. This is not surprising, because it is dangerous not only for animals, but also for people. It should be borne in mind that animals die from rabies in 100% of cases, so this vaccine is required.
In case the fluffy pet is constantly in contact with other animals, then the first vaccine for the kitten must be made at the age of 3 months. If the pet is sitting at home, where there are no other pets, then it can be vaccinated against rabies a little later, by 7-8 months, when the body of the young animal is fully strengthened. After that, vaccination is performed annually (it is desirable to do the procedure at the same time). Do not be afraid if the pet loses appetite after vaccination, it will look weak and sluggish. This is a normal reaction to this type of event.
Features vaccination of young animals
Earlier it was said when to vaccinate kittens. In this case, the doctor must make sure that the animals are absolutely healthy. Pet owners should also watch their pet. For a healthy kitten is characterized by a good appetite, normal body temperature, an active lifestyle. The animal should not sneeze and cough, also pay attention to the presence of discharge from the nose or eyes.
If there are any suspicions that the kitten is sick, then in any case it is impossible to give him injections.
It is also worth refusing vaccination, if the day before her pet contacted with some sick animals. If the little pet was operated on, the date of the first vaccination for the kitten is determined by the doctor. As a rule, injections are not placed for 3 weeks after surgery.
Also, experts do not recommend vaccinating kittens, which is the process of changing teeth.
Owners of fluffy lumps should know not only when the kittens are given the first vaccine, but also which drugs are used.
The manufacturer of this drug is the French company Merial. The vaccine contains active ingredients that are necessary for the animal to resist panleukopenia, calicivirosis, rabies and rhinotracheitis.
The first injection is made to the baby at the age of 8 weeks. When this is administered subcutaneously, "leucoforelin". At 12-13 weeks of the baby's life, they inject a dose of "Kvadrikat" and repeat this procedure when the kitten is 1 year old.
"Nobivak" (Tricat trio)
This drug is manufactured by Intervet. The vaccine includes three active ingredients: Triket, Nobivac, and Rabies. Thanks to this composition it is also possible to protect the animal from 4 illnesses at once.
At the age of 8 weeks, the kitten is subcutaneously injected with a “Triket”. At 12-13 weeks, the injection of the same drug is given, only in this case Rabies is added to it. The procedure is repeated when the kitten is 1 year old.
The drug is manufactured by the American company Fort Dodge. This vaccination contains a standard set of strains. However, in addition to the main diseases, this injection will prevent the development of chlamydia in the animal.
At the age of 8 weeks, the kitten is given a subcutaneous injection with Felovaks. At week 12, the vaccine is put again, but in this case, the composition additionally includes a drug against rabies.
After this procedure is repeated annually.
This drug is marketed by Merial. The vaccine contains components that are able to withstand the most dangerous feline diseases, including chlamydia and leukemia. However, the composition of the drug can be changed depending on the condition, breed and characteristics of a particular animal.
Vaccination is carried out according to a similar scheme. The first injection is done at 8 weeks and is repeated for 12 weeks with the addition of additional components.
All the above drugs are not recommended to use if the cat is pregnant. Therefore, before the injection it is imperative to sign up for a consultation with the veterinarian so that he can assess the condition of the animal. It is important to find a competent specialist. It is not recommended to put vaccinations at home, as the animal may experience an allergic reaction to any components of the drug. Therefore, it is better if there are experienced specialists nearby.
What vaccinations do
Before you make a schedule of vaccinations, the vet will definitely want to know in what conditions and where the kitten is to live, when and why his mother was vaccinated. If the area where you live is likely to become infected with infectious diseases, this will also be taken into account when scheduling.
Существуют общие рекомендации по проведению прививок:
- В 2-3 месяца вакцинируют от респираторных заболеваний и панлейкопении,
- В 3 месяца — от вируса бешенства,
- After 14-21 days, revaccination for respiratory diseases and panleukopenia is performed,
- After that, vaccinate once a year.
Before you take your pet to the first vaccine, you need to be sure to swallow it, and if he has fleas, get rid of them. A worming (this is the name of this procedure) is carried out no later than 10 days before vaccination.
Such measures are necessary in order not to weaken the kitten's immunity.
Rabies is one of the worst diseases. Unvaccinated the animal has no chance of salvation, in 100% of cases it leads to death. To avoid a fatal outcome, you must make the cat preventive vaccinations.
Since rabies vaccine is quite tough, kittens may feel unwell in the first days after vaccination. Do not worry about this, your pet will soon recover completely. But you will know for sure that now nothing threatens him, and you can be sure that communication with the kitten, especially those enjoying unlimited freedom, is safe for you and your loved ones. After all, the rabies virus is transmitted not only from animal to animal. They can get sick and people.
Depending on the vaccine used, a rabies vaccination is given once a year or three years.
Microsporia, or ringworm, is a disease with which a cat can infect its owner. To prevent this from happening, and also in order to avoid contamination from stray animals, it is necessary to vaccinate the kitten in a timely manner.
Vaccines against ringworm ("Polivak TM for cats", "Microderm", "Vakderm") are effective not only as a prophylactic. They also treat.
The first microsporia vaccination is given to kittens at six weeks, then repeated 10-14 days later. Two to three weeks after the first vaccination, a positive result will be noticeable.
When to the kitten to do the first vaccinations
The first vaccination is given to kittens at the age of eight to ten weeks. Before this period, vaccination does not make sense, since the babies retain the immunity they received from the vaccinated mother cat. After three to four weeks, re-vaccination takes place, after which the babies develop a strong immunity.
If for some reason you were not able to vaccinate during this period or the kitten came to you at the age of more than three months, you will have to wait with the vaccination until it has changed teeth. It is not necessary to subject to additional loads already weakened immunity of the baby.
The safest thing to do the first vaccination at home. Agree with the vet in advance. Unvaccinated kitten, especially older, during a visit to the veterinary clinic may become infected from other animals or their owners.
Get the vaccine that your doctor advises you at a well-established veterinary pharmacy. If you are going to be vaccinated at the clinic, you can buy the vaccine on the spot.
A kitten that has been operated on is not vaccinated for at least 2 months.
If he only has to be operated on, this event will have to be postponed for a couple of weeks until immunity is developed.
If the baby has taken antibiotics, vaccination can only be done 14 days after the end of treatment.
What is the first vaccination do kittens
The first vaccine is a comprehensive vaccination against calcivirosis, rhinotracheitis and panleukopenia. A veterinarian may also suggest that a kitten be vaccinated against a disease such as feline chlamydia.
Vaccinations kitten up to a year
An individual schedule of vaccinations for each particular kitten is developed by the doctor. When to vaccinate a baby depends on its general condition. If he was sick, underwent surgery, not on time progulirovana, the timing will change.
When a kitten turns 2-2.5 months old, it will be given the first vaccine, including vaccines against diseases such as distemper, calcivirosis and rhinotracheitis. Can additionally be vaccinated against chlamydia.
A month later, at the age of 12-13 weeks, revaccination is performed. The mandatory complex also includes rabies vaccine. The next vaccination against this disease is already a year.
A month and a half is the age when kittens are vaccinated against trichophytia and microsporia (ringworm). After 14 days, another microsporia vaccination is given.
Vaccination Scottish and British in 2 months
Small Scots and British at the age of two months are given a comprehensive vaccination, which will help babies avoid three such terrible diseases as rhinotracheitis, calcivirosis and panleukopenia.
After three to four weeks your pet should be done re-vaccination, which will be added to rabies vaccine. After this vaccination, the kitten is isolated from the society for a month. He should not be allowed to approach other animals and their owners. The ban enters the veterinary clinic. If necessary, a veterinarian is better to call the house.
Some veterinarians recommend revaccination of British and Scottish kittens not at 3, but at 6 months. The date of re-vaccination should be consulted with a doctor.
Behavior of a kitten after vaccination
A trip to the veterinary clinic, medical smells, strangers and, of course, the procedure itself is unpleasant - stress for the kitten, especially if he had never been away from home before.
Upon returning home, your baby may not feel very well - he will refuse to eat, will not want to play, will get stuck in a secluded a corner where no one will disturb him and fall asleep for a few hours. When he wakes up, offer him a small portion of his favorite food. If the kitten refuses to eat again, do not force it. Perhaps on the first day after vaccination, he will only drink. Make sure that there is enough fresh water in his bowl.
On the first day, two babies should be settled separately from other animals and refrain from airing: their immunity is slightly weakened, your pet can easily catch a cold.
If lethargy and malaise continue two days after vaccination, you must show the kitten to the doctor.
Occasionally, after vaccination, an allergic reaction to the vaccine may occur. It appears in the first 10–15 minutes after vaccination and expresses about abundant salivation, lacrimation, edema, and a sharp rise in temperature. A kid can be depressed or, on the contrary, excited and frightened.
A conscientious physician will necessarily monitor the animals during this period and, if necessary, will assist him. If The kitten has a violent reaction to some drug, be sure to write down its name: it will not work for re-vaccination.
After administration of the vaccine, a bulging seal may form at the injection site. After some time, it will pass by itself. Such seals may occur from the introduction of too cold drug. It should alert you. From frozen as well as from overheated drug will not be any good.
Vaccinate or not your pet - the owner decides. If we are talking about an expensive cat, which is to participate in exhibitions, compliance with the schedule of vaccinations is a must. If you are going to breed cats, especially pedigree, vaccination is also indispensable. For everyone else, this is a question of responsibility not only for the life and health of the pet, but also for their own family.
Preparing for the first vaccination
To ensure the correct result of vaccination and to avoid adverse reactions, you should follow the recommendations on preparing for vaccination.
What to look for and what to avoid before vaccinating a kitten:
- you should not be vaccinated if the kitten's teeth change,
- the vaccine should not be given, the pet took antibiotics less than two weeks before the planned vaccination,
- if the kitten has undergone surgery, the vaccination should be postponed for 2 months,
- after administration of the vaccine, the animal should not be subjected to surgery for 3 weeks,
- after contact with sick animals (cats, dogs and others) you should not vaccinate the animal for the next 2 months,
- do not bathe the animal or expose to other stresses before vaccination.
Basic rules that will help prepare a kitten for the first vaccination.:
- 10 days before the procedure it is necessary to de-worming, as well as remove fleas
- Before vaccination, you should carefully examine the pet for the presence of acquired or congenital diseases.
What vaccinations do you need?
Kittens should be given the first vaccinations when they are 8 weeks old. De-worming should be done 2 weeks before. The first vaccination is complex, and helps protect the body of a small pet from such dangerous for its life and health diseases:
Not all complex vaccines include protection against chlamydia.
When a kitten is vaccinated and it happens for the first time, then after 1 month revaccination is required - re-introduction of a complex vaccine. The drug must be the same as the first time. This will avoid unexpected negative reactions and side effects. Also, the repeated procedure is accompanied by the introduction of rabies vaccine. A similar scheme is recommended if the owners do not have information about the history of treatment and the fact of vaccination of a pet in the past.
Usually, veterinarians give such a recommendation regarding the schedule - kittens should be vaccinated for the first time at the age of 8 weeks and revaccination at the age of 12 weeks. However, the International Veterinary Association of Small Pets recommends revaccination twice - at 12 and at 16 weeks.
The cost of vaccination depends on many factors: the price of the drug, the cost of the doctor’s work, payment for leaving the house.
In addition to protection against major diseases, vaccination against which is mandatory, you can also vaccinate a pet against such diseases.:
To decide on the need for the introduction of a vaccine, should only be together with a veterinarian and based on real, objective need. Do not overload the body of the animal unnecessary stress.
The body of each kitten or puppy is individual, so the state after vaccination may be different. This will depend on the state of his immunity, the individual characteristics of the pet.
Immediately after the introduction of the vaccine for a pet should be observed for some time. When the procedure is performed in the clinic, the kitten may be left under observation for a while. This is usually not more than one hour. If the procedure was performed at home, then the veterinarian should wait 15-20 minutes to ensure that there is no negative reaction. This difference in observation time is explained by the difference in the degree of stress for the animal.
Many veterinarians recommend to vaccinate a kitten for the first time at home, that he was in the usual conditions for him, and his experiences did not affect the overall decrease in immunity.
During the first days of the pet may be a little more sluggish and sleepy than usual. This should not be a concern. Also, the kitten can hide immediately after the injection. For the first few hours, he may not be making contact. But cats quickly forget such “insults”. If the procedure was carried out in the morning, then in the evening the pet will return to its normal state. Veterinarians recommend that the owners of the kitten make the first vaccinations in the morning, so that there is enough time to observe his condition and not to miss the appearance of unwanted symptoms.
If the kitten remains sluggish for more than a day, and additional symptoms of ill health are added to this, then you should immediately contact a veterinarian.
- high body temperature,
- pain at the injection site,
- diarrhea and vomiting,
- refusal to eat
- hair loss
- changes in behavior
- anaphylactic shock.
Anaphylactic shock is a fairly rare reaction to a vaccine.. A sign of it is difficulty breathing due to swelling of the larynx. If this happens, you should immediately contact the doctor in charge of the kitten, or to the nearest veterinary clinic.
The individual reaction of the pet's body can also manifest itself in the appearance of tumors at the injection site. Therefore, you should periodically inspect and probe the skin of the animal. And in case of detection of seals, it is recommended to further examine the pet.