Animals

How to detect a vole on a plot and fight it

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If you are the owner of a summer cottage, then it is unlikely that you could avoid acquaintance with a mouse-vole. Vole is a small rodent, the length of the body, which does not exceed 12 cm. The weight of this mouse reaches 30 grams. The rodent has a rather long tail, covered with scales with sparse hairs. The vole's skin has a reddish-brown hue, and white color predominates on the abdomen. As a rule, a dark stripe runs along the spine.

The main difference between a field mouse and a house gray mouse is the more modest vole size, as well as the shorter tail and coat color.

The field mouse is very cautious and swift, as soon as it feels in danger — it hides into cover with lightning speed. Moreover, this species is nocturnal - during the day the animals rest, and at night they are active.

This rodent lives almost everywhere, except for the northern regions. At the dacha of the mouse choose a place with high grass. In the summer, mice make their nests in the grass and shrubs and raise offspring. In winter, rodents move to homes, where they can spend the winter warm.

Signs of vole appearance

In general, the appearance of rodents can be detected by the burrows and the tracks of their vital activity. Also, mice everywhere leave traces of their teeth. Like most rodents, teeth

voles grow throughout life, so mice have a constant need to nibble something. Voles can cause great damage to the garden, as they destroy the roots of shrubs and trees, and flower bulbs are not neglected. In just one day, the animal can eat different foods as much as it weighs itself. Such voracity is fraught with the death of trees and shrubs in the garden. In addition, voles love to stockpile food, for this purpose, in their minks are equipped with special "luggage". Thus, for the season one individual is able to eat up to 10 kg of feed.

Another problem is the high fecundity of rodents. For the year, the female can bring up to 4 litters, up to 8 mice at a time. Little mice reach sexual maturity by the age of two months. The lifespan of a field mouse can reach up to 7 years, but in the wild, mice usually live for a year or two. Now imagine how fast rodents can breed in just one summer season, full of warmth and abundance of food.

During the winter period, voles do not hibernate, therefore, in search of food, they go to human housing or gnaw the bark on the lower part of trees and shrubs.

As you already understood, field mice are not at all harmless and can cause great damage to the garden and the crop. Therefore, it is worth starting the fight against mice as soon as possible, as soon as you notice their appearance on your territory. Otherwise, you may encounter a real invasion of rodents, which will not be so easy to get rid of.

How to get rid of a field mouse

For a start, it is better to turn to more humane methods of struggle, simply scare away and drive away the uninvited guests. Mice have a good sense of smell, respectively, there are smells that mice do not like. For these purposes, you can use plants such as:

  • Garlic,
  • Hazel grouse is imperial,
  • Chernokoreny,
  • Elder went

To get rid of rodents, it is enough to make an infusion of garlic or grouse and pour it directly into the hole. For these purposes, you can use sprigs of thuja or elderberry, cloves of garlic and other plants with a strong smell.

There are also chemicals that are unpleasant for voles. These include ammonia or kerosene. A cotton wool moistened with a chemical is placed in a mink, and a vole will leave its dwelling forever.

Scientists have found that rodents are afraid of vibrations and shaking of the soil. This property can be used. To make a repeller, it is enough to dig wooden pegs next to the burrows and hang tins on them. In windy weather, banks will emit sound and vibration, which will undoubtedly frighten mice.

Manufacturers also offer ultrasonic repellers, which you can buy in a specialized store. It is worth considering when choosing this device, where you will use it. If it is necessary to drive out voles at the site, then it is necessary to choose a device that works from batteries, and not from the network. If the voles ran into a shed or other room of up to 200 m2, a budget "Tornado-200". There is nothing superfluous in it - only constantly jumping frequency of ultrasound. It is these jumps and confuse voles, forcing to run away.

The above methods are absolutely safe for human health and your pets. But if you can’t cope with voles, it’s worth resorting to “heavy artillery”.

When mice do not want to voluntarily leave their home, you can resort to using mousetraps. Pitfalls are also widely represented in specialty stores. There you will find all sorts of pesticides. If you decide to resort to poisoning, you should carefully study the instructions for use and strictly observe it, because In addition to mice, your pets and family members may be harmed.

Some theory

Voles are small rodents, also called field or meadow mice, because of their resemblance. Two types of voles are widespread in North America: steppe and meadow. The habitat of the former is prairie, while the latter live absolutely everywhere, therefore they are more numerous. They are very similar to each other, and the methods of control and control are almost the same.

These, at first glance, cute rodents can cause significant damage to your garden. Do not confuse them with mice that do not cause such damage. Voles are happy to eat a variety of plants, as well as the bark of some trees. If you find that your landing has been attacked, by all means conduct an inspection to identify unwanted guests. Read how to deal with moles?

How to identify a vole

A vole can be distinguished by round ears, which are often hidden by wool, small eyes and a short tail. These are small squat rodents, similar to field mice. Thick fur is usually light brown or gray. Animals love fields rich in weeds and ground cover plants. They are active both day and night, especially in the early hours and twilight.

You will immediately recognize voles by snake-like tunnels laid in all corners of the garden. They are most active in the spring, and then their maniacal urge to dig dies out. Rodents love to undermine the roots and bulbs through the holes, and then methodically gnaw them. If you began to detect half-eaten carrots and potatoes, then a vole started in your garden. Pests love to build their nests at the base of trees and shrubs, which can harm the roots, especially because these rodents love to chew bark.

How to get rid of voles

The following are some effective ways to deal with small rodents. Some of them will work exactly in your case.

Try to install humane traps near holes and nesting places in the bushes area. Place peanut butter baits in the early evening when voles are particularly active and rearrange the traps as much as you need to get rid of them. Take prisoners away from the site and release in the field.

In this case, patience and perseverance will be the key to success.

If the problem has reached its apogee, you can roast the rodents with rodenticide. Consult a horticultural management to select an effective and approved drug.

To scare away the vole from chewing the bulbs, add gravel to the hole at the time of planting. You can also moisten the roots with a fungicide to ward off pests. In addition, there are varieties of onions resistant to rodents.

Planting onions in the fall will be a good way.

Preventive measures

In order to discourage the voles from invading your garden early on, there are several simple ways. Preferring a dense protective vegetation of weeds and mulch, which provides food and protects against predators, rodents react negatively to active weeding and trimming of bushes. Make your yard inhospitable for voles, creating a maximum of clean space.

Fortunately, these noxious animals are not the best climbers. Therefore, to protect the planting of vegetables from rodents, surround them with a metal grid, at least 30 cm high, and dig it in the ground to the same depth.

Of course, the best guard will be the street cat, which effectively fights all types of mice pests.

Most of the ways that you can use to get rid of mice can be applied to voles. Always remember about humane ways of struggle, leaving animals unscathed, if there is no urgent need to use chemical agents.

Field Mouse Description

The field mouse has many varieties. Among her close relatives there are:

  • common - the most common type
  • red - inhabitant mostly hot steppes of Asia,
  • forest, preferring forest-steppe zones of the Eurasian and North American continent,
  • underground - a resident of urban communications and house territories.

Despite the diversity, they all belong to the genus of voles, the family of hamsters, the order of rodents and the class of mammals.

The appearance of the field mouse

All types of voles have an elongated sharp little muzzle, dark beady eyes (black or deep brown), pointed ears and a long tail, leaving about ¾ of body length. This is a miniature rodent with a maximum length of up to 13 cm, usually up to 10 cm, not counting the tail. Weight vole about 15 g. On the high cheekbones of the mouse have pterygoid plates, why it seems as if they have dimples on their cheeks. Paws are small, with a foot about 1.5-2 cm. Claws are short, blunt from constant digging.

The hair of the animal on the back is colored brownish-ocher color. It is not soft, but rather somewhat rough, short; in old specimens it even turns into “soft needles”, like in a blackjack. A distinctive feature of voles is a dark stripe along the spine. On the abdomen is a wool of light gray color.

It is interesting! Color intensity is related to the age of the mouse. More respectable individuals are lighter than their younger brethren, and even gray hairs are found among the hairs.

Male vole looks almost no different from the female. In order not to confuse the field mouse with its cousin, the brownie, pay attention to their differences.

Field mice can quite live in the house and in a garden-garden, and house - in the wild nature.

Lifestyle vole

Field mice in their way of life somewhat resemble mini-moles: they dig holes close to the surface of the earth and move along them. When digging, the mice throw out the earth on their side, therefore the mound is flat on one side, and the “entrance” to it is not from above, like a mole, but on the side. In winter, they move under the snow cover.

Important! The voles do not have a period of winter hibernation, even in the cold they need to move actively and look for food. In this case, the mice use the stocked up from the summer in the nests-pantries.

They live in minks or suitable shelters: under branches, straw hacks, in barns, etc. If the mouse builds a hole for itself, it makes it extensive and branched out. At a depth of 5 to 35 cm there is a labyrinth from 4 to 25 m long with several storage rooms and a sleeping nest, as well as several emergency exits, one of which leads to the source of drinking water.

In the daytime, field mice prefer to hide under the ground and sleep, and during the day they become active.. They crawl out to the surface and look for food, gnawing almost everything that will meet on the way: plant roots, flower bulbs, tubers, bark at the bottom of trees. In search of suitable feeding, they can make real migrations.

Mice quickly run, moving "jumping" gait. They know how to swim, but prefer to avoid it. Often settled in colonies, often numerous: 1 or several female relatives and several generations of their offspring.

Habitat

This rodent can be found almost all over the world, except the hottest places:

  • on the European continent, including in Finland and Denmark,
  • in Siberia and the Urals,
  • in the North American forest-steppe zones (up to the latitude of Guatemala),
  • They are found in Asia - China, Mongolia, Taiwan,
  • from the south, their range is limited to Libya (North Africa) and northern India,

Despite the name, voles rarely settle directly in the fields. For them, a large amount of grass is preferable, so they choose meadows, forest edges, cuttings, and also places near human habitation: cellars, greenhouses, sheds, comfortable shelters in the garden. Voles can even get into the house and settle under the roof, under the wall cladding, in the ventilation, in the layer of insulation.

It is interesting! If the terrain is damp and swampy, an intelligent rodent will not build a hole, but a nest will be made of a grass ball that will be located on a high branch of a bush.

During the flood, during periods of prolonged rainfall, winter thaws of the mink, the animals are flooded with water, and many mice die.

Field mouse diet

Vole - herbivorous rodent. Since she belongs to the hamster family, her teeth grow throughout life, so the instinct provides for their constant grinding. This explains the fact that almost always the mouse nibbles something. During the day, the adult vole must eat an amount of food equal to her own weight.

The mouse eats almost everything that can be found from the vegetation:

  • herbs and their seeds,
  • berries
  • nuts, including from cones,
  • grain,
  • tubers, roots, bulbs, roots,
  • buds and flowers of various bushes,
  • tender bark of young trees.

Winter stocks in the field mouse storage rooms can reach a mass of 3 kg.

Reproduction and offspring

With the onset of spring heat and to the very autumn cold of the mouse, vole mice actively reproduce. Pregnancy in a mouse lasts 21-23 days. For the season, the female is able to give up to 8 litters, usually 3-4, in each of which bring 5-6 pups. This means that if initially 5 pairs of voles settled on the site, by the end of the warm season the number of mice can reach 8-9 thousand.

Mice are born completely helpless, their eyes are blind. But their development is extremely fast:

  • Vision appears on day 12-14
  • in 20 days they can already survive without a mother
  • in 3 months and even earlier they are able to produce offspring themselves.

It is interesting! There are cases when female voles become pregnant on the 13th day of their life and bring viable offspring at 33 days old.

Natural enemies

Such fertility is due to the fact that in nature there are many enemies in mice that limit their population. The most important vole hunters are birds of prey: owls, hawks, red-footed cocks, etc. One owl can eat more than 1000 mice per year. For some animals - foxes, weasels, martens, trochees - mice are the main, almost exclusive food. The ferret will catch and eat 10-12 mice per day.

Weasel is dangerous for rodents by the fact that it has a flexible and narrow body, with which it is easy for it to penetrate into the nests and eat the cubs there. With pleasure, hedgehog, a snake and, of course, a cat will eat vole.

Population and species status

Mice voles are extremely diverse. Scientists have found that there are more than 60 species and subspecies. Outwardly, it is difficult to distinguish them, only the method of gene analysis is suitable for identification.

It is interesting! The mice themselves perfectly distinguish the congeners from another population and never mate with them. How they reveal interspecific differences has not yet been clarified.

The vole mouse genome is a scientific mystery: genetic material is located without visible logic, and most of the information is concentrated in the sex chromosomes. The number of chromosomes is from 17 to 64, and in males and females they either coincide or differ, that is, there is no sexual dependence. In one litter, all mice are genetic clones.

Another unique property of the field mouse population is the “self-transplant” of genes into the nucleus from other cell organs (mitochondria). Scientists' minds have so far been struggling in vain over a gene transplant in humans, whereas in voles it has been working for more than one thousand years. The only explanation of scientists - a sharp evolutionary jump in the population of field mice over the past million years.

Since the mouse is a fertile animal, its population strongly depends on the year and season.. We noticed that bursts of growth and “demographic pits” of voles alternate after about 3-5 years. The maximum number of animals in the population was approximately 2000 mice per 1 hectare of area, and the smallest, 100 animals per hectare. The family of rodents, in addition to mice, include lemmings and muskrats.

Thunderstorm gardens, fields and gardens

In the years when breeding is most active, the damage that a vole does to plants is strongly felt:

  • gnaws underground parts, causing the death of a plant on the vine,
  • spoils the roots and melons,
  • sharpens stocks of grain and seeds,
  • nibbles the bark of young shrubs and trees.

Voles eat vegetable farming products not only on the ground, but also in storage facilities, on elevators, in ricks and stacks, and cellars.

Important! Понять, что на вашем участке обосновалось семейство полевок, несложно: колонию выдадут так называемые «взлетно-посадочные полосы» – следы, оставленные на поверхности от рытья подземных нор-дорожек.

Опасная переносчица

A vole mouse can be a carrier of extremely serious diseases, many of whose pathogens can cause death in humans. Cute and funny animals, especially in the mass, can cause:

  • typhoid
  • leptospirosis,
  • tularemia
  • erysipelas,
  • toxoplasmosis,
  • salmonellosis and others

They gained notoriety due to the fact that they are practically the only natural carrier of the plague in the Transcaucasian region.

How to deal with vole

Due to the danger to agriculture, as well as to human health and life, one should strive to limit the number of vole mice. To do this, apply two areas of struggle:

  • passive-prophylactic - scaring mice from the places of residence of people and objects of agriculture,
  • active - measures aimed at the direct extermination of rodents.

Scare field mice

Within the framework of scaring, it is effective to use plants for planting and unfolding, the smell of which the mice do not like. Among them are garlic, black root, calendula, mint, wormwood, tansy and other strongly smelling herbs and fruits. It is possible to use not the plants themselves, but essential oils, laying out the cotton wool pieces soaked in them near the intended place of settlement of the mice. Sometimes for the same purpose used kerosene, ammonia. Mice avoid loose ash.

Another humane option of repelling is ultrasound or vibration devices that create uncomfortable conditions for the mice to stay in the area of ​​coverage. They can be purchased in stores. The “home” version of such a repeller is a tilted bottle dug into the ground that will buzz and vibrate in windy weather. Tin cans on poles along the perimeter of the plot and even “wind music” hanging on trees (ringing sticks or bells) will act in the same way. A colony of mice is unlikely to settle at the site and in the house, which is "patrolled" by the natural mouse enemy - the cat.

Destruction of voles

"In war" all means are good. When crops and plantings are threatened with irreparable harm, extreme measures may be warranted. Arsenal of folk and industrial methods offers the following options for fighting with voles for life and death:

  • "Gypsum Thrombus" - mix salted wheat flour with lime or gypsum. A rodent who has consumed such bait will die from a blood clot in the stomach.
  • Poison bait - in specialized stores you can buy ready-made poisons for rodents in the form of wax tablets or pellets. When laying out it is impossible to take them with bare hands, otherwise smart mice will not touch them. Some types of poisons have a delayed effect, and poisoned rodents have time to infect their fellows.

Important! Do not use this method if a cat or a dog can eat dead mice - this can be fatal to the life of a pet.

  • Physical destroyers - all kinds of mousetraps. Not effective if the population of mice is large.
  • Pitfalls - farmers come up with various options, from a can put on a coin, which the mouse drops when it is under it, to a bottle dug into the ground with a small amount of sunflower oil. Sold and ready traps. Another option is a board with a special glue applied on it, on which the mouse will adhere securely.

According to recent data, as a bait for voles, not traditional cheese is more attractive than nuts, chocolate, a piece of meat, bread with sunflower oil. Another unpleasant moment associated with all punitive methods, is that you have to regularly clean up and dispose of dead mice.

Why it is impossible to destroy voles completely

Like any species on our planet, voles occupy their place in the ecological niche. Eating grass seeds, they limit the growth of grass cover, which does not allow young trees to make their way to the light, thereby preserving the forests. In addition, their role in the food chain is very important for the population of birds of prey and many fur animals. In those years when there are few mice, the number of foxes, owls, and other animals that feed on voles falls. Some types of voles are rare and endangered and are protected:

  • Evronskaya,
  • Mui
  • Baluchistan,
  • mexican
  • Japanese red
  • Taiwanese
  • Central Kashmir.

Preventive measures

To reduce the likelihood of vole settling on your plot, you can:

  • have a cat or a dog
  • do not drive away the natural enemies of mice, especially owls,
  • not to allow the site to be littered with inventory, firewood, defective furniture, etc.,
  • constantly loosen the ground, destroying the "grooves" of field mice,
  • timely get rid of pruned branches, leaves, weeds and other garden garbage.

To combat voles, it is necessary to apply an integrated approach, combining prevention, creating an environment that is uncomfortable for rodents and physical destruction.

Special features

Vole is a species of rodents, differing in small size. The adult individual is about 13 cm long. At the same time, most of it is the tail (70%), and the rest is the body. The mouse has a pointed muzzle and small brown eyes. Her ears are bent to the head and slightly tilted forward. They are located at the top. The length of the ears is from 9 to 14 mm.

Cute brisk animal brings a lot of harm to man

The coat of this animal species is coarse and hard. In most cases, it is gray, brown or beige. On the spine you can see a dark strip. The rodent's belly is painted white.

Coloring the mouse depends on its age. Older individuals have lighter fur, and vice versa, younger ones have darker ones. In old animals appear gray hairs.

Left in the winter on the field of hay or straw in a stack can be an excellent house for voles

The field mouse is common in Europe. However, it can be found in other localities, for example, in Korea, Taiwan and Mongolia. The animal does not like forests and steppe. She likes meadows, arable land, the edges of deciduous forests and vegetable gardens. Sometimes it settles in greenhouses, cellars and even where people live. With the onset of winter, the mice begin to seek shelter. Most often these are haystacks and stubs of straw.

The reproduction period of voles lasts from spring to autumn. During this time, they lead an average of four offspring. In one brood - from 5 to 7 mice.

Most actively these rodents behave in the evening and at night. In autumn and winter, they are active throughout the day. It is noteworthy that voles do not hibernate during the cold season.

Mice live in natural shelters or in their own dug burrows. Burrows have a length of about 4 m. One of 4 outlets invariably leads to a watering. Usually a burrow consists of several “rooms”: 1 nesting chamber and 3 cameras for storing supplies. The latter are located at a depth of about 1 m. Those voles who live in swamps, build dwellings on tall bushes.

This species of rodents has several obvious differences from their fellows:

  1. Voles are divided into two types: western and eastern. They have different colors and sizes.
  2. The main difference is the strip along the spine.
  3. By the sizes it is a little more than usual mice.
  4. Voles are very similar to Dahuri hamsters. The only thing that distinguishes them is the long tail.
  5. Unlike other species, have a longer period of puberty. On average, it is 100 days.
  6. Field mice are characterized by feeding movements.
  7. Unlike other species, they can live in swampy areas.

Signs of the presence of a rodent

The main signs are waste products and mink. They also leave marks from their teeth everywhere. This is due to the fact that their teeth grow throughout life. The animal just needs to constantly chew on something. In winter, voles can be found along the bark of bark at the lower part of trees and bushes.

Ways to fight

The field mouse lives in places hidden from human eyes. It is difficult to catch or poison it, which is why it is first of all necessary to find and destroy its dwelling.

In case of danger, the rodent hides in the hole, so the first thing to do is to destroy the hole.

Chase the voles

This is not so easy to do. Here are some ways:

  • Animals make holes in grassy places. Therefore, you need to mow high grass, pluck out all the weeds and remove dry foliage. It will not be superfluous to remove piles of garbage and branches, which are an ideal place to create mouse nests.
  • It is necessary to remove all the fruits that fell from the trees and bushes, because they are the most accessible source of food.
  • It is recommended to regularly dig up the site. In this way, underground mouse passages and even burrows can be damaged or completely destroyed.

Destroying burrows voles, you can completely drive them away from the site

  • If small gravel is added to the ground, the rodents will not be able to build a home for themselves.
  • Trunks of trees can be wrapped in a grid with cells no more than 5 mm. It is desirable that it enter the ground at a depth of about 30 cm. The height of the grid should be at least 40 cm. For prevention, you can enclose the entire area with the same grid.

We use a mousetrap

If there is no scarer, you can use a normal mousetrap. This method is the most proven and quite effective. Experts recommend installing them either at the beginning of spring, or at the end of autumn. Why at this particular time? Voles reproduce most actively during these periods.

Mouse traps are disposable and reusable. Each of them involves the use of bait. For her, fruit, oatmeal or peanut butter. It is advisable to cover the trap with a box, otherwise it may attract other animals.

Mousetraps need to be placed near the entrance to the mouse hole and inside the tunnels.

We use poisons

Before using poisons, you must carefully read the instructions and strictly adhere to them.

The most effective in the fight against voles is poison. Applying it, you need to be as careful as possible, because most of the tools are dangerous for rodents, and for people. The best time to use is the end of winter and the beginning of spring. At this time, animals are not so picky about food choices.

In order for the poison to be effective and not to harm the household and pets, it must be placed in the holes themselves. The bait is better to put in special containers.

What if the mouse bred in the house?

The fight at home is carried out in traditional ways

  1. You can use mousetraps. At the same time it is necessary to strictly observe all security measures, otherwise children and pets may suffer.
  2. Repellers will help to get rid of voles. They are safe for people and pets. But on mice have a negative impact.
  3. If the above methods were powerless, you can use the poison. However, you need to follow safety precautions.
  4. No matter how simple it may sound, the most proven and affordable way to deal with mice is a cat. To be a hunter is her natural vocation.

It is quite possible to get rid of voles on a plot or in a house. We need to find their habitat, create unbearable conditions for life and then destroy it. In order for the situation not to repeat, preventive measures will be needed: timely collection of garbage and food residues.

Rodent description and characteristics

A field mouse is a small animal that has a brown or gray back color and a light gray belly. The red vole has rather large ears, and there is a dark stripe along its back. The family of voles is characterized by a small body size (up to 15 centimeters), and the tail can be longer than the body. Field mice live in large families containing up to 10 nests each. Within a month, the pest processes and throws to the surface up to 60 kilograms of soil.

Despite the diminutiveness of the forest voles, like rats, bring a lot of trouble to the owners. Common vole - the enemy of bumblebees. It destroys their homes, eats insect larvae and honey made by it. This brings significant damage to beekeepers and can completely discard insects from the site.

Almost all year round, the main food of animals is the leaves, stems, and seeds of wild herbaceous plants. Also, the bank vole eats berries and grain during its growth. Gray voles eat insects, their larvae and some invertebrates.

Lifestyle

The lifestyle of rodents is subject to the principle of seasonality. Also, the biorhythms of animals are dependent on the length of daylight. The temperature and, accordingly, the time of the year have a significant impact on the lifestyle.

In summer and spring, forest voles are active in the afternoon: at night. And how do they live in the winter? In winter and autumn, gray voles and rats are active in the middle of the day. In hibernation in winter, the animal does not fall. E mink during this period - natural shelters or passages under the ground.

Minks are gray voles, like rats "line up" up to 4 meters high. They are usually equipped with several exits, one of which leads to the water. The mouse lives in a house with a specially equipped camera. In winter, it stores food stocks.

It is worth noting that the water vole living near the marshes does not dig holes. She lives in a spherical house, created mainly from grass. The dwelling is located at a height on a bush.

Distribution and reproduction

Rats and forest voles inhabit the territory of the former Soviet Union, in Siberia, Kazakhstan, and in the Far East. In Ukraine, rodents live in the Carpathian region, the Azov and Black Sea region, where the water vole is found. The red-backed vole feels uncomfortable in the dry steppes near Sivash, and therefore does not live there.

Forest voles prefer to live in forest-steppe forests. Rodents are most commonly found on cultivated fields or hills, rising almost half a mile above sea level.

The red-backed vole loves wet areas, so you can meet her in grassy fields and fields. With a great desire, the red-gray vole settles in the vineyards, gardens, valleys, which is very harmful to gardeners.

An underground vole places its dwellings among the roots of plants. When the cold comes, the pests easily hide in the straw ricks and heaps of fallen leaves. Sometimes a field mouse sneaks into human dwellings or grain stores, which in no way pleases farmers.

Red-backed vole actively breeds in spring. Rodent cubs appear in specially equipped cells, the bottom of which is covered with dry grass. From this part of the house are several paths that come to the surface. For the year, the female, on average, gives 4 offspring of 5-8 young. Pregnancy lasts 22 days.

The interval between offspring is about two months. The little mouse is born naked and blind. He is absolutely helpless. Next, the mouse is covered with a gun, it grows and develops. After 10 days, it is no different from an adult. Three-week babies are looking for food on an equal footing with other mice. A couple of months later, the field mouse is already able to multiply.

Despite its diminutive and cute appearance, mammals have little use in the household. They exist, by and large, due to the fact that they have time to steal from gardeners, farmers or gardeners.

Mice and rats, settling in apartments, warehouses or at the cottage bring irreparable harm. They eat the bark of trees, the green parts of plants, and gardeners, including grain. Red vole is the cause of significant losses, and when the population of rodents becomes huge, it is impossible to estimate losses from spoiled crops. Therefore, in the interests of the gardeners themselves to prevent the increase of the mouse family.

Naturally, the red-gray vole has many enemies: foxes, weasels, birds of prey, especially owls. Therefore, the prevention of the appearance of parasites on the site is to attract natural enemies. It is worth remembering that foxes are not averse to stealing chickens and other poultry. In this regard, attract better owls.

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