Ramirezi's apistogram - One of the most common, small in size cichlids. The attention of aquarists chromis-butterfly attracts, first of all, its bright color and non-standard appearance. The size of this aquarium fish is 5-7 cm, which allows it to be kept even in small aquariums. For the first time, 1948 of the butterfly chromis became known.
In one of the US aquarium magazines, a fish from South America appeared under the name Apistogramma ramirezi. Why precisely Ramirezi? Everything is simple, it was named on behalf of Manuel Ramirez - a well-known importer of aquarium fish at that time. Since then, a large number of artificially derived apistograms have appeared.
Such species as the Ramisti Apistogram appeared, appeared golden, gold (gold), albino, blue, balloon (with a round body shape). But the brightest of all bred species is the electric electric blue neon apistogram. In addition, of all breeding species, electric blue neon is also the strongest in health, which does not differ, for example, gold and albino. Apistograms with a body shape balloon, even under good conditions, may die due to congenital deformities of internal organs. In my opinion, aquarists should not purchase cylinders. But the rest of the diversity of species deserves, at a minimum, the attention of aquarists. After all, the butterfly cichlid is one of the brightest aquarium fish with interesting behavior!
Chromis butterfly, or Ramirezi's Apistogram, is one of the most beautiful and elegant species of dwarf cichlids. Due to its appearance and habits, this fish has earned the recognition of a wide range of aquarists of all stripes from all countries of the world. The maximum size of an apistorama does not exceed 7 centimeters.
The main color of her body is yellowish-brown, and in front of the body you can see a reddish-orange tide. During spawning this outflow in males takes on a bright red hue. Bluish sequins can also be seen all over the body. In females, the belly is colored crimson. The female's dorsal and ventral fin is slightly shorter, unlike the males.
Habitats in nature
The chromis butterfly, with the scientific name microphagus ramiresi, was first seen in the Amazon. The dwarf cichlid lives in the lakes and rivers of Venezuela and Colombia, which are part of the Amazon. The fish chooses places with stagnant water, sand or silt at the bottom and with an average amount of vegetation. In it, the butterfly cichlid is looking for food in the form of plant particles and small insects.
Maintenance and care in the aquarium
Chromis butterfly is the most common shallow cichlid in a freshwater aquarium. These fish live about 4 years. That is quite a lot for small fish. Compared to other cichlids, Ramirezi’s apistogram is fairly calm and non-aggressive, but territorially moderate.
Steam Ramirezi recommend about 30 liters of water. It is not necessary to wind up two pairs in a volume of up to 50 liters, as the males will begin to fight for the territory and females. Despite the fact that butterfly Cichlids can scare fish from its territory, they will not cause serious harm even to such peaceful fish as swordtails or the collection of a heteromorph. Still, apistogramma can offend only shrimp.
Comfortable temperature for these beautiful fish is 24-28 ° C. Water pH: 6.0-7.5, hardness 6 - 14 °
Apistogram-Butterfly not the most difficult fish in the content, but in order to avoid problems and difficulties in the content, you need to follow a few rules:
- Various food in small portions, 2 times a day
- Stable water performance. The fish is very sensitive to differences in various parameters: temperature, hardness, acidity.
- Water change is desirable once or twice a week in small volumes. Since the fish lives at the bottom of the ground siphon should be carried out regularly.
- In the aquarium mandatory shelter in the idea of grottoes or plants.
- It is advisable to regularly test for ammonia and nitrates when changing water.
The most common problem is that the apistogram of the ramires has darkened and is not eating.
This happens either because of stress, for example, they just started a fish in an aquarium, or because of the wrong content of this wonderful fish.
If you follow the rules mentioned above, you will have no difficulties with apistograms.
Propagation of Ramirezi's Apistogram
The peculiarity of the representatives of Cichlians is that they form fairly stable pairs. Ramirezi becomes ready to breed at the age of 5-6 months, when her body length reaches 3 cm. The spawning volume should be at least 15 liters. During spawning, the water in the spawn should be several degrees higher than in the general aquarium. The stimulus to breeding is the regular addition to the spawning aquarium of small amounts of fresh and soft water.
Spawning occurs on an open surface (flat stone, flower pot or sheet of an aquarium plant). Often, young parents eat their offspring in the stage of eggs, that is, if the spawning took place in a separate jar. If spawning proceeded in the general aquarium, then neighbors can eat caviar. Two parents take care of offspring, but the male dominates in this pair.
The incubation period of caviar is 2-4 days, after which fry appear from the eggs. After the fry in the aquarium, it is necessary to begin a gradual decrease in the temperature of the water. During the first five days of life, the male protects the offspring in pre-prepared pits in the ground. At this time, the female is desirable to remove from the aquarium. Food for fry: ciliates, nauplii of Artemia and Cyclops.
Apistogram ramirezi fish that loves to eat various feeds. You can feed both live food, pre-rinsing and disinfecting them, and frozen. For variety, you can give in small quantities and vegetable dry food. Chromis butterfly is a modest fish that loves to eat in small portions, so make sure that the fish have time to eat for the rest of the neighbors-swallows. This type of food also applies to selective forms of apistograms, such as electric blue neon, albinos or gold.
How to distinguish the female from the male?
In rasirez's apistogram, sexual differences are very pronounced. Males are larger, brighter, have a long, pointed fin. The female from the male at Ramirezi's apistogram can be distinguished by a brighter abdomen, in her it is either orange or scarlet. The male is larger and has a more pointed dorsal fin. The female butterfly apistogram, in turn, is smaller and slightly paler, a short dorsal fin and a crimson belly.
What should be the water
When buying Venezuelan butterflies at a pet store, you should definitely ask the seller about the conditions in which they were kept. If young ramisise apistograms are even less easily tolerated by changing the composition of water, then adults, with significant differences, can hardly acclimatize. In particular, this applies to such an indicator as water hardness.
Fish grown in the soft should be the same and contained (and vice versa). The recommended indicators of water for ramiresi apistograms are the following: hardness - up to 12 dGH, acidity - pH 5.5-7.5, temperature - 28-32 g. When buying fish, you should ask the seller for more of the water in which they lived. At home, new conditions of butterflies are taught gradually, by the drip method.
As already mentioned, ramiresi apistogram differs from other cichlids primarily in peace-loving. Keep it allowed at the same time with almost any other types of aquarium inhabitants. These dwarf cichlids are neither bullied fishes, nor iris, nor neons. They get along fine with nimble barbs, and with scalars, and cockerels. Some hold them without any problems, even with gupyashki. A ramirezi apistogram planted in an aquarium will not eat up or pull out plants and will not start digging holes in the ground.
In general, it is very compliant, not a hooligan fish. It is because of her peacefulness that experienced aquarists do not advise keeping her with other large or very aggressive cichlid species. Also, you can not plant a butterfly with fish that prefer cold water. As a resident of the tropics, she is more accustomed to heat. In cold water, the apistograms feel very bad, get sick and even die.
Description of fish
Apistogramma ramrezi butterfly - small fish - 5-7 cm
Its body is taller than other cichlids, slightly elongated, and oblate at its sides. Back fin high. Small head.
The color depends on the variety, but more often it is blue with violet and golden hues. The forehead and the surface of the head to the mouth are red.
There are dark spots on the head and back, forming several small stripes. Often one of them passes through the eye. On the body and fins are spot-points of a bluish color.
Photo apistogram ramiresi demonstrates the diversity and beauty of natural and deduced species:
The balloon has a rounded torso, color is blue with a yellowish tint, pink with a red fringing of the fins and pronounced black stripes.
Apistogram ramirezi electric bluedifferent bright bluewhich turns to orange at the head, and purple at the stomach. Fish are miniature, rarely grow more than 2.5 cm.
Gold has a bright lemon color with blue spots on the tail and sides. In males, the fin is colored orange.
Veil apistogramma ramiresi different number of colors: soft pink, yellowish, blue, orange, purple, olive, blue shades intricately intertwined on her body and fins. This iridescent color is complemented by dots of dark color and pale blue.
The contents of apistogram ramirezi
In nature, they inhabit shallow fresh tropical water. Keeping and breeding ramiresi apistograms in an aquarium rarely causes problems: small cichlids are quite unpretentious, peaceful and omnivores. For a comfortable existence, the main thing is to maintain water quality.
Fishes are thermophilic, but at water temperatures from 27 ° C, they live up to three years, and in cooler (at 25 ° C) up to four. Keeping in colder conditions can cause illness and serious discomfort..
A couple of fish will need an aquarium not less than 30 liters. It is not recommended to plant one butterfly chromis, because they feel much more comfortable when there are at least two of them.
Mandatory requirement - good aeration and filtration.
Once a week you need to do a water change in the amount of up to 25%.
There is no need to cover the aquarium.
Apistogram ramirezi do not need shelters, so they can be placed a little and only for decoration.
Plants are desirable. You can choose any.
Be sure to leave enough space for swimming, because the fish are active.
There are no requirements for lighting, but some aquarists recommend installing a lamp that enhances the color so that the ramiresi apistograms look even more spectacular.
The apistogramm is omnivorous. It can be given dry, live and frozen food.
Food is eaten mainly near the surface, but it can also finish feeding on the bottom.
Compatibility of ramisise apistogram with other fish
Despite the fact that cichlids are famous for fairly aggressive behavior, apistogrammy ramirezi peacefully coexist with almost all the fish, they do not even offend the live beetle.
Not worth keeping ramirezi with turquoise akara, catfish, boesman melanotenias and other large fish. Aggressive fish and the whole family of gold are not suitable for living together.
Suitable neighbors: neons, tetras, gardner's afiosemion, danios, lyalius fish, red swordtails, angelfish, discus, parrots and terntion.
Apistogram ramirezi do not harm not only other inhabitants of the aquarium, but also to plants, therefore suitable for herbalists.
As with other cichlids, aggression within the species is possible, but such skirmishes are indicative and do not have serious consequences.
What difficulties can owners face?
Ramirezi's apistogram does not require any complex care, it is enough to provide it with suitable conditions and appropriate nutrition. It is necessary to take care of stable indicators of water: apistograms are very sensitive to temperature changes, hardness, acidity.
Most often, the owners are faced with the fact that these fish darken and stop eating. This may be a reaction to stress, for example, when a butterfly chromis enters a new reservoir, or due to keeping it in inappropriate conditions. If you take into account all the nuances, no difficulties and troubles with the wards will happen.
How and what to feed the fish butterflies
Like all cichlids, Ramirezi's apistograms are almost omnivorous and have an excellent appetite. They can eat dry, live food, as well as substitutes. Very small fish like live food: bloodworm, artemia, coretre, cyclop, daphnia.
Cichlids feed from the surface and thicker, but more often they "scour" on the bottom, collecting all that remains and has time to settle during feeding. It is important not to overfeed pets, give them a varied, balanced meal. Another nuance - the pieces should not be large, if they are larger than the jaw chromis apparatus, the fish will not be able to eat it.
Owners can purchase granular rations intended for discus. Pellets feed when settling on the ground do not dissolve immediately, and the fish have time to eat, collecting them from the bottom. If the reservoir contains only chromis-butterflies, then they can be given any suitable rations.
With a general aquarium, it is advisable to feed them separately with sinking food, otherwise the other inhabitants will eat the food before it reaches the lower water layers. When feeding frozen foods, it is advisable to serve them before thawing and then offer them to pets.
Features aquarium content
Aquarists who have experience in keeping and breeding apistograms of other species - agassica, cockatoo, high-fledged, etc., will have no questions. Ramirezi need almost the same care and conditions. Beginners should get acquainted with the features of these unusually beautiful cichlids and their requirements:
- Butterfly fish are small and peaceful, so they can live in a small 25-35-liter aquarium, and a couple of chromis can be planted with other small and non-conflict residents,
- they feed this miniature cichlid twice a day in small portions,
- experts recommend changing the water twice a week in small amounts, about a quarter of the total,
- chromis-butterflies are calm, not prone to jumping out of the reservoir, so the cover for the aquarium is optional, but if there are other pets encroaching on the aquarium inhabitants, it is better to install it,
- dwarf cichlids live in the bottom area and the ground siphon is a mandatory procedure,
- Apistograms require a variety of shelters - grottoes, caves, large stones, plants, snags, etc.,
- dwarf cichlids love to swim - when arranging a tank and installing various decorations, it is important that there is free space for the free movement of inhabitants,
- experienced aquarists recommend testing for ammonia and nitrate levels when changing water,
- water indicators should be as follows: temperature from +22 to + 28 ° С, hardness - 12dGH, pH - 5.5–7.5.
During the acquisition of dwarf cichlids, it is necessary to ask about the conditions in which the fish are kept. After all, if the young of this breed is able to adapt to new environmental conditions, adults can do it extremely rarely. Quite often, fish die when faced with differences in performance.
Professionals in the aquarium case share a secret: when acquiring Ramirezi's apistograms, it is recommended to take some water with you from the tank in which the fish were. This will facilitate their adaptation to new conditions.
Chromis do not require bright lighting, but if natural light penetrates them little, you should think about artificial lighting of the aquarium. In addition, if the tank is provided with a special light fixture, the “butterflies” will literally shimmer under its rays, their coloring will noticeably increase.
Who do Ramirezi's apistograms get on with?
As experience shows, the most complex relationships of these tiny cichlids are lined up with fellows. Males protect their territory from other males, which is especially pronounced during spawning - fights break out periodically. With other small fish, they coexist without conflicts:
- red swordtails
- veil guppies,
- by terration,
- by neon
- rass collections
- non-aggressive little catfish,
- parrot cichlid
- small barbs and discus.
It is undesirable to settle the veil butterflies with aggressive, predatory fish that have a high territoriality. Larger inhabitants may consider small cichlids as food.
Различить среди взрослых особей хромис-бабочек самцов и самок несложно. У самцов удлиненный спинной плавник с заметным заострением, при этом они обладают крупными габаритами. Females have a rounded tummy, brightly colored in orange or crimson color, the main color of them is more modest, and the dorsal fin is much shorter than that of males.