Shar Pei stands out from other breeds due to its unusual appearance. It seems that the dog's skin is “for growth”. Numerous folds of skin cover the entire body of puppies, as well as the muzzle and neck of adult dogs. Representatives of the breed are strong, majestic, full of restrained dignity, loyal to the family and home, able to become excellent companions and guards.
Brief characteristics of the breed
Lifespan: 10-12 years.
- Height at withers 49-51 cm
- Weight up to 35 kg
- Height at withers 44-51 cm
- Weight 18-25 kg
- Without class: about 3000-5000 rubles,
- PET class: from $ 200 to $ 250,
- BRID class: from $ 400 to $ 600,
- SHOW class: up to $ 1000 and more.
Characteristics and behavior
Characteristic of the Shar Pei breed affects not only the appearance, but also the behavior of the dog, focusing on the character. They are usually calm and sedate. The official standard states that the dog is noble, majestic, regal, arrogant, wary, but meanwhile very clever and devoted to the owner. Shar Pei will express even a sincere love for the owner with restraint, unobtrusive and very cultural.
This breed can be called universal and this is manifested in behavior. Often it is not necessary to teach the dog to guard the house or the owners, it is perfectly oriented as it is necessary to behave in different conditions. The dog's intuition is developed perfectly, that is why it will feel the owner's disorder, without a special reason will not bark and make noise, however, at the sight of a threat, the animal will surely give a voice. Shar Pei can serve as a guard home and a shepherd. The latter quality is pronounced in families where there are children or younger dogs. Defenseless members of the family animal, as a rule, takes custody, and to the harassment of children is tolerated and just go away if the attention of the child will be excessive.
There may be problems with cats and smaller animals, since hunting instincts are developed very strongly in this breed. Some individuals are able to catch mice and cause a lot of trouble to cats. On walks, they tend to hunt pigeons and also behave aggressively towards other dogs. An important aspect of Sharpei education is early socialization. If you teach your puppy to communicate with other animals since childhood, he will tolerate their presence.
It is believed that to train Shar Pei is useless. But this does not mean that the animal is not capable of learning. Dogs quickly enough seize the main commands, but whether they execute them or not depends on their mood. The owner is important to prevent slack and clearly show the dog who dominates. Otherwise, the dog will assume the role of leader and it will be almost impossible to listen to it.
Given the nature of the character, beginners will be difficult to cope with the training of representatives of this breed. When training, you must show firmness and perseverance, but do not allow aggression if the dog does not obey. It will not be superfluous to encourage your pet for your good behavior with your favorite delicacy.
Special attention deserves the cleanliness of the dog. Breeders say that puppies from 3–4 months of age start to go to the toilet outside and wait patiently for walking. At the age of 5-6 months, most puppies have enough walks 2 times a day.
Care and maintenance
Opinions breeders about the complexity of the content of the breed diverge. Some attribute the Shar-Pei to easy-care rocks, others - difficult. Difficulties are most often caused by the need to care for numerous skin folds, ears and eyes, as well as a tendency to food allergies. Most dogs also do not like to claw and swim.
Choosing a place for Shar Pei
When choosing a place for a couch or house animal, you must consider not only the features of the location, but also the nature of the pet. For litter it is better to choose natural materials, while the bed should not be very soft or hard. The litter should not be in the aisle or in the draft. The animal needs its own secluded corner, but at the same time it should be positioned so that the view to the front door and the maximum number of rooms opens. Strongly developed security qualities make the pet always remain on the alert, and if the cottage or the cot is located in a closed area of the apartment, the animal will be disturbed, since it will not be able to guard the dwelling.
Proper diet is the main component of the health of the dog. Most breeders recommend sharpei feed with high quality dry food. At the same time often change the diet is not worth it. When choosing food, special attention should be paid to the composition, as dogs are prone to allergies to some components of dry food. In cases where the food fits perfectly, try not to try other options. The main part of the diet should be as monotonous as possible.
It is forbidden to use feed containing:
- Animal fat,
- Meat and bone meal,
- Beet pulp,
Giving food and delicacies from the table is also prohibited, especially various types of smoked meats and sweets.
Some owners, when choosing how to feed a Shar-Pei, discard a preference for natural food. The best option would be boiled rice with low-fat raw meat (beef, veal, pork, chicken) or boneless fish.
It is worth noting that representatives of the breed are very sensitive to the composition and quality of food and may refuse to eat if they do not like the proposed food. Particular attention should be paid to the rationing of food, so as not to lead to overfeeding the dog. Puppies up to 6 months are fed 3 times a day, and then transferred to two meals a day. When gaining excess weight it is necessary to reduce the carbohydrate part of the diet.
Up to 1.5 years it is better to give preference to dry food with vitamins and minerals that will help the puppy to develop properly. Older dogs can be converted to natural food, but it is worth giving dry food, without broths. You can diversify the diet with fish, boiled eggs and kefir. It is important to understand that the proper feeding of the Shar-Pei is the main factor affecting the health of the pet.
To maintain the muscles in the tone of the dog requires a fairly intense exercise. Well, if you have the opportunity to devote time to active games. In addition, Shar Pei can be an excellent companion for jogging or cycling. It is necessary that the time of the walk was at least 1 hour per day, and the optimal duration of walking is 60 minutes in the morning and evening.
It is better to move summer walks for a cool time of day, since short hair does not protect dogs from overheating, and a pet can easily get a heat stroke. A long stay in the cold can also have a bad effect on a healthier dog.
Care for hair, skin and ears
The numerous folds of the skin look very cute and unusual, but require special attention from the owner. Therefore, the newly-minded owners often wonder how to care for Shar-Pei, given the peculiarities of the structure of the skin.
Often, with the right diet, there are no problems. The dog does not require frequent washing, and healthy skin does not smell like “dog” even when it is wet. However, if the maintenance regime is violated, this is immediately reflected in the integument and condition of the coat, and folds create additional problems of care.
After bathing it is especially important to remove all the water from the folds and, if necessary, to dry the dog with a hair dryer without heating. When combing the dog is recommended to straighten and inspect the folds and, if necessary, powder. It is best to use a special glove for combing, since this breed does not require short and intensive combing.
Sharpei ears require special attention. Small ears tightly pressed to the head are poorly ventilated, and quickly become inflamed when water enters. Frequent problem are also ear infections. To prevent inflammation and ear diseases, it is recommended to regularly inspect and clean.
Propensity to disease
In general, the Shar-Pei can be described as a breed with good health, especially if you follow the recommended diet and do not feed the animal off the table. However, there are a number of diseases that most Sharpei owners face.
The most common cause of allergies are food products, less common allergic reactions to various environmental factors.
Otitis and other ear diseases
Ears are one of the weak points of Shar Pei. Auricle care requires special attention, because even a small amount of water can lead to inflammation. Regular inspection and cleaning of the auricle helps prevent diseases.
In addition, sharpei often have episodic fever, hypothyroidism, amyloidosis, and joint diseases.
Choosing a puppy and features with growth
Choosing a puppy should be taken very seriously. First of all, it is necessary to determine why a dog is acquired: for the soul, participation in exhibitions or breeding. If pedigree attributes and compliance with the standard are important, it is better to contact a specialized nursery. They can not only get a good puppy, but also get tips on feeding, care and education. If the standards are important, other options can be considered.
What to look for when choosing a puppy?
- Parents. The external appearance of adult dogs can tell a lot about the condition of the puppies and the good faith of the breeder. If the parents are calm and well-groomed, then most likely, and puppies received the necessary care.
- General state . Kids, as a rule, are playful, active. Their eyes should be well open, the wool shine and be clean, and the puppies themselves should look healthy and fairly plump.
- Age Most nurseries and breeders wean puppies from their mother and transfer them to the new owner at the age of about 3 months. In this case, the puppies normally form the psyche, and the breeder has time to make the necessary vaccinations and quarantine. Weaning at a bitch at an earlier age can lead to future physical and mental health problems.
- Low price . Growing a healthy puppy, feeding, treatment from parasites and vaccinations require significant financial costs. Therefore, the puppy can not be cheap, and the low price is more a cause for concern than for joy.
- Willingness to conclude a contract of sale and the desire of the breeder to learn about future conditions of the dog. Conscientious breeders treat puppies as their own children, surrounding them with love and care, so they will always ask what conditions the baby will live in, if there are other pets and small children in the family, as well as experience in keeping animals. Such a breeder will always tell you how to raise and feed a puppy.
Breed description and standards
Shar Pei is characterized by medium height, strong muscular body of almost square format, with wide chest and muscular limbs. The dog is harmoniously folded. The head is large, the skull is wide and flat. Muzzle wide stupid. The palate, lips and tongue are blue-black, and the dilute colors are lavender. The tail is thick, tightly curled.
The coat at first glance seems soft, but this impression is deceptive. Hard pile, 1-2.5 cm long. Depending on the length of the coat, there are:
- Horse Short, hard hair no more than 1 cm,
- Brush. Coarse elastic brush-like wool up to 2.5 cm long,
- "Bear wool". Wavy and soft, more than 2, 5 cm. Considered non-standard.
Breed standards allow different coat color. In total, there are 14 types of coloring, which are usually divided into 2 groups: the main (with dark pigmentation in the form of a mask) and divide (the black color is completely absent).
The main, or group A, are colors:
- Red deer
- The black,
Group B, or single colors, include:
- Cream delout,
- Apricot delight,
- Red doyut,
- Chocolate delight,
- Isabella delut.
Special attention is given to non-standard colors, which are considered to be the culling of the breed:
Recently, spotted color is extremely popular in the United States. This color is called floral, and a group of enthusiasts is seeking recognition as a standard.
It is safe to say that this breed is one of the most ancient. Genetic analysis has shown that the age of the breed is about 3 thousand years, although it is quite difficult to trace the history and pedigree. It is believed that the progenitors of Shar Pei are the most ancient smooth-haired mastiffs and smooth-haired chow-chows.
China is considered the birthplace of the breed, but all the genealogical books that kept the secrets of Sharpey's origin were destroyed in 213 BC. e. by order of Emperor Qin Shi Huang. There are earlier evidence confirming the existence of these dogs. During the excavations found figurines depicting animals similar to Shar Pei. Relics dated to 220 BC. uh ..
Sharpei was extremely popular in China and was contained not only by the nobility, but also by commoners. It is believed that initially this breed was used as fighting. The numerous folds of the skin were natural armor, which helped protect the animal from bites and severe injuries. Dog fighting was one of the most popular entertainment among farmers, port workers, seafarers and other segments of the population. However, during the heyday of the Roman Empire, more massive mastiff-like rocks came to China, with which Shar Pei simply could not compete in a fight.
Gradually, the breed lost its fighting value and became universal. Peasants used it for hunting, home security and other tasks. Breed for several centuries, it became popular, then lost its position. This continued until the turn of the 20th century, when the greatest change occurred in the history of the breed. In the 1930s, the Shar-Pei were extremely popular and were kept in almost every second house, but in the 1940s, the Communist Party came to power, recognizing pets as luxury goods and imposing a significant tax. As a result, for 10 years the breed has practically disappeared, and only a few litters have remained in the whole country.
In 1965, managed to take out the first Shar Pei in the United States, and then within a few years, another 5 dogs of this breed. However, the real renaissance began in 1970, when the breeder Sharpey Mato Low, with the assistance of American dog breeders, began to search for all over China surviving dogs in order to prevent the extinction of the breed. For crossing, any individuals found were used, and also resorted to inbreeding. As a result, in 1976, the first breed standard was developed, and the first pedigree was issued. In 1078, Shar Pei fell into the Guinness Book of Records as the rarest breed.
Shar Pei, despite the fighting past, deserves the status of a companion dog. For this breed the most important thing is constant communication with the person, protection of the family and territory. External steadfastness and tranquility hide sincere devotion to the family, good disposition, sensitivity and high intelligence. Communicating with such a dog to deliver a lot of positive emotions, and the content in the apartment will be simple, due to the absence of undercoat and short hair, as well as amazing cleanliness of dogs.
As with other breeds that have a long history, the origin of the Sharpei is not all clear. Archeologists found many statuettes and images of dogs, outwardly very similar to the ancestors of modern representatives of the breed, at the location of the ruins of the imperial palaces of the Chinese Han dynasty.
Experts believe that earlier Sharpey kept peasants for protection and hunting. But in one, not a wonderful moment, the lovers of cruel fun drew the attention of the dogs, and for a while they became fighting dogs. At that time, their aggressive attitude towards other animals was greatly encouraged.
There are two versions of who became the ancestor of this breed. According to one of them, these were smooth-haired chow-chows (these two breeds have one trait that distinguishes them from other dogs — a blue tongue), on the other - mastiffs.
Description of the appearance of the Shar Pei breed
Appearance Sharpey causes people different emotions, as it is quite original. The main feature of these dogs - numerous folds, especially in the muzzle. It seems that their short hair resembles velor, but this is only an illusion. The coat of these dogs is pretty hard.
Not all people, seeing Shar-Pei for the first time, can believe that once they were used for fighting, however, even their skin “for growth” reminds of this. She really once protected dogs from serious damage. For the language of dark purple, lavender color, Shar-Pei is sometimes called "the dog that licked the sky."
If we talk about the standard of this exotic breed, then its representatives are referred to as molossnyh dogs with small size:
- Growth dogs varies from 44 to 51 cm, weight - from 18 to 35 kg. В среднем продолжительность жизни составляет 10 лет.
- Head у шарпея массивная, с большим количеством складок и широким плоским черепом. Мочка носа крупная, черного цвета. Пасть черно-синего оттенка. Челюсти мощные, с ножницеобразным прикусом. Глаза маленькие, миндалевидной формы с темной радужкой. Ушные раковины маленькие, мясистые.
- Шея крепкая, мощная, средней длины. Torso compact, strong, with developed muscles. In puppies, the whole body is covered with folds, but in adults it is only stored in the head and neck.
- Thorax deep, decent width. Back shortened, goes into a strong lower back.
- Tail plump, thrown on his back. Front and rear limbs strong, with good muscles.
According to the RKF 2005 standard, the following colors of dogs of this breed are allowed:
- The black. Dominates representatives of this breed, but the purity of this color is a rather rare phenomenon. More often the wool has a low tide - olive, dark brown, brownish, less often - blue-black.
- Oleny. It belongs to the oldest colors, as the name of the breed is translated as "dog with sand wool." There are several variations - golden and sandy shades, but without red reflux.
- Red. Quite often occurs in dogs of this breed. The palette of this color is quite wide - from light reddish tones to intense red. The most fashionable today are dogs with mahogany shades of a bright, juicy color.
- Red deer. In fact, the dogs of this suit have a coat of light red, unsaturated tone. It is more red-haired than reindeer, it is allowed "variegation", that is, whiteness in some areas.
- Cream. Varies from milky to caramel. Sometimes light dogs are mistakenly called white, but, in representatives of this breed, this color is unacceptable. Mandatory are the mask and black around the nose.
- Sable. The scientific name of this suit sounds like “zonar gray”, the wool of dogs has a gray coating that comes on the face and a little on the limbs.
- Blue. Shades range from smoky gray to dark gray. This color is weakened in black.
- Isabella. A complex shade, creamy pink with a bluish or grayish tint. There is a gray mask in the muzzle.
- Chocolate. A rich palette - from milk chocolate to "bitter shades."
- Apricot. Derived from the deer, complex shade of golden-reddish, characterized by warmth.
- Lilac. Treats rare colors, varies from a chocolate shade with a pink half tone to warm pinkish-blue and silvery-pink with a haze of tones. From the chocolate color it is distinguished by the presence of "gray" raid on the face.
The nature of the breed
Sharpei have a rather complex character. It is particularly surprised by the combination of high intelligence, goodwill with mistrust and even arrogance towards strangers. This makes dogs beautiful, incorruptible guards, devoid of blind aggression.
Most dogs of this breed are very attached to their owners, are friends with children and tolerate their pranks. Modern Sharpei temper has changed, and their natural "anger" manifests itself only in moments of danger. Most often this happens if the dog is provoked by another snooty dog.
Shar Pei is a great dog for the family and a great companion. Despite his modest dimensions, he is able to protect both himself and man. In addition, the Chinese dog is a true intellectual, unobtrusive and quiet.
He is not averse to always be with his family and feels good on trips. If people often travel and do not plan to take the dog with them, then you should not get such a pet. Such a dismissive attitude is bound to negatively affect the character of the Shar-Pei.
Buying a puppy of this breed, you should forget about his fighting past. You can not sharpei to provoke aggression towards other creatures, since this will not lead to anything good.
What is captivating in these dogs? Of course, their appearance is worth a lot, but it's not about her. Shar Pei quickly learn new information, they are sociable and intelligible. And, besides, they are excellent psychologists and quickly “tread” a path to a person’s heart.
Shar Pei breed training
Purebreds tend to dominate, and they are quite independent. That is what can be a problem in education and training. Sharpey needs a master with strong nerves and a strong spirit, otherwise the dog will quickly seize the initiative.
From the very first days it is important to show the puppy who is the owner of the house, only by accepting this as a given, the dog will obey and obey. Shar Pei is stubborn, and, as the owners say, “may include stupid,” in this case, the owner should be smarter and wiser. With the right approach, the dog will quickly learn the basic principles of living in the house, will not spoil things and get used to the street.
To facilitate the learning process will help a number of professional recommendations:
- Teaching your baby should be immediately, as soon as he got into the house, and the general course of dog training should begin with a pet from 3 months.
- For Shar Pei, early socialization is important, that is, a puppy needs to be introduced to other people, pets, change walking routes, etc.
- When training the owner must be restrained - aggressive behavior and cry are unacceptable.
- The dog is obliged to learn the basic set of commands, this will greatly facilitate further training and comfortable coexistence.
- You can not allow outsiders to bring up the dog.
If Shar Pei is not raised, he can grow aggressive and self-willed. To re-educate an adult dog is almost impossible.
How to care for sharpei
Representatives of this breed do not require complex care. It should be periodically brushed to get rid of dead wool and improve skin circulation. Particularly noteworthy, perhaps, the ears of dogs. Owners need to be careful when bathing a pet and not washing their heads, as water that has entered their ears immediately contributes to the development of various diseases, which is not observed in other dogs. This is due to the fact that Shar Pei have thin auditory channels.
Bathe dogs of this breed every month, during the procedure, you can use a rubber brush to speed up the process of replacing wool. Sharpei's skin is quite sensitive, so you should use special detergents. You need to gently wash all the folds in the animal, and after drying them with a hair dryer. This will save the pet from the risk of skin irritation.
Sharpies require significant physical exertion, and for this dog should be taken on long walks. The more the dog uses up energy in the street, the calmer he will behave at home.
These dogs are very sensitive to direct sunlight, and in the heat their head can overheat, so walking the dog is better in the morning and evening when the sun is not so active. They are more accustomed to the cold than the heat, but ideal for them are moderate climatic conditions.
How much is a Shar Pei puppy
Despite the specificity of dogs of this breed in terms of character and feeding, interest in them over the years only increases. Naturally, many people are interested in the question of the cost of Shar Pei puppies. Of course, it is impossible to answer this question unequivocally, since the price depends on many factors:
- 5500-10000 rubles - a puppy with hands that does not have a pedigree, of course, there is always a risk of buying a "half-breed", in addition, the likelihood of acquiring a sick animal or having mental abnormalities increases,
- 11000-14000 rubles - a puppy of a pet-class, with minor deviations from the standard, not affecting its health and appearance, but not allowing the dog to participate in matings and exhibitions,
- 20000-35000 rubles - a Breed class, a dog that is fully-fledged in all senses, capable of reproducing full-fledged offspring, but will not “miss the stars” at shows,
- over 35,000 rubles is a show class, in this case it is possible to determine the belonging of a puppy to this class only by half a year, when the dog has teeth replaced, and it will be formed. Younger offspring can relate to this class only conditionally.
When purchasing a pet-sharpei, it is important to determine for what purpose it is needed. If only as a pet, then it is quite possible to buy a baby pet class. In other cases, you will have to spend much more money. But in any case, the pet will require good care and nutrition.
Shar Pei is a serious dog in a funny appearance, and he is by no means a toy, not a decorative dog. Taking into the house a glorious boot with wrinkles, it is important not to forget that without training and education, a willful animal can grow out of it that can terrorize the whole district. Shar-Pei is recommended for people who have experience with dogs and who do not forget about responsibility.
Historical background of the breed's origin
Shar Pei is one of the oldest dog breeds originally from China. In antiquity, the breed was used in Tibet as participants in dog fighting. The unusual animal skin helped prevent injury to the body during the fight.
Reliable confirmation of the history of the origin of Shar Pei has not survived. According to some versions, Shar-Pei is descended from smooth-haired Chow Chows or from ancient mastiffs. Assumptions are based on the similarity of the appearance of these dogs with the appearance of a Shar Pei. The main argument in favor of the version is the fact that there is a characteristic blue language only in these breeds.
DNA analysis Sharpeev proves that the breed is not less than three millennia. According to historians, the breed existed during the Han dynasty (in 202-220 BC). Clay figurines of squat dogs with square bodies and a sullen expression of the muzzle were decorated with burial grounds of that time. However, it is not possible to accurately identify these sculptural images with the ancestors of Shar-Pei, since stylization of images is characteristic of Chinese art.
Addition of a Shar-Pei allows us to accurately assume that its ancestors were fighting dogs from Tai-Li. Historians claim that the peasants from this area loved dog fighting, turning them into gambling, and led out special dogs for these purposes. The number of Sharpei owners during the Han dynasty was great, but with the coming of the Ming dynasty, interest in the breed began to weaken.
The next blow to the size of the breed was inflicted at the time of the spread of communist ideas in China, when pets were declared a symbol of futility and began to be massively destroyed. By 1950, only a few Sharpei litters remained in Taiwan and Aomyn.
The Shar Pei dog breed is one of the oldest breeds from China.
The revival of the breed began in 1965, when the breeder S.M. Chen brought out Shar-Pei Lucky. A dog was purchased by a factory from the USA by A. G. Smith. In 1971, images of a rare breed were published in the journal Dogs, with a signature on the alleged possibility of extinction of the breed.
Breeder Matgo Low threw a cry to American breeders with a dog asking for help in reviving the Shar Pei breed. After that, a group of enthusiasts was formed, searching for the remaining specimens of the breed and forwarding them to Hong Kong. The population of Chinese Shar-Pei began to recover and spread throughout the world.
In 1971, the "Chinese fighting dog was registered in the United States, and in 1973 the breed received the name" Shar Pei. " The first breed standard was registered by FCI in 1976. At the same time, the first Sharpei pedigree was created. In 1985, the Chinese Shar Pei received recognition from the American Kennel Club. In Russia, the first representatives of the breed appeared in the early 90s of the last century.
Appearance and breed standard, photos
Shar Pei has a peculiar exterior. A strong, dense, short body and a square head are covered with deep folds. The specific muzzle with small ears makes the dog look like a hippo. Shar Pei is a medium-sized dog breed. In general, the dog looks somewhat asymmetric.
In appearance, Shar Pei have some similarities with mastiffs. Both breeds mobile skin with folds and a dull broad muzzle. However, the mastiffs are much larger.
- Growth Shar Pei in withers - from 46 to 51 centimeters. Weight Shar Pei - from 18 to 25 kilograms.
- Head massive in shape to the square. The skull is flat. Muzzle wide.
- Nose large, open-nosed, black
- Eyes almond-shaped, covered with clutches of skin, therefore, have a gloomy expression.
- Ears small, thick, triangular. Set high, pressed against the skull.
- Unusual coloring of the oral cavity - one of the features of the breed. Gums, palate and tongue Sharpey bluish-black or lavender color. In dogs of isabella and blue color, the tongue is covered with pink spots.
- Lips slightly swollen, thick.
- Bite scissor. The lower teeth are perpendicular to the jaw, the upper - overlap the lower row of teeth.
- Housing has a length almost equal to the height of the dog at the withers. The back is straight, wide. Topline slightly sunken in the lumbar region. Belly tucked up.
- Neck firmly planted on the shoulders, strong.
- Tail thick, cone-shaped, ring-shaped, high-set.
- Limbs muscular, parallel set, straight. Front - moderately spaced. Back - are arranged wider than the front, with moderate eversion of the joints.
Serious disadvantages are the following deviations from the standard:
Defects include deep and too frequent skin folds.
- Narrowing muzzle.
- Big ears.
- Long wool.
- Low set tail.
- Pink tongue.
- Bulging eyes.
- Erect ears.
- Hanging tail, or lack thereof.
- Deep and too frequent skin folds.
- Brindle or speckled color.
Type of coat and color options
A special feature of the breed is hypertrophied folding skin. The dog is covered from head to toe. The first folds appear already on the third day after birth, by the month of folds 6-7 pieces. In 2-3 months, Shar Pei turn into corrugated Hippo, but gradually part of the folds is smoothed.
Modern standards allow for folds only on the head, withers and in the area of the tail. The rest are not considered desirable. However, some experts do not agree with these requirements or are not at all familiar; therefore, the most folded copies often win at exhibitions.
Currently, there is a special type of Sharpey - "extreme sports". So called specimens with hypertrophied folds throughout the body. The skin of such sharpei literally hangs with tails all over the body, making the dog heavy and not mobile.
It looked like the first representatives of the breed, and in the civilized world such an increased folding is a disadvantage. Although for the sake of lovers of Sharpey "in the fold" breeders deliberately give birth to such specimens.
The skin is covered with short coat without undercoat. By the nature of the coat Shar Pei reminds a plush toy.
Shar pei can be of different colors: from cream to black, and some representatives of the breed have a dark mask on the face.
According to the type of wool Shar Pei are divided into three types:
- Horse - hair length up to 1 centimeter. The number of folds decreases as the puppy grows.
- Brush - 2.5 centimeters hair length. Folds decrease in the body, remain on the neck and face.
- Bear wool - hair length from 2.5 to 3.5 centimeters. Individuals with this type of wool are not recognized at the official exhibition breed level.
Also Shar Pei are classified by color.
The main color. Has additionally pigmentation in the form of a mask and a belt on the back. The main colors are:
- the black,
- red deer
- isabella (cream with a clear admixture of a pink shade of varying intensity),
- blue (all shades of gray belong to it),
Dilute color. Black color is completely absent. The group includes colors:
- cream (it also includes a cream shade),
- chocolate (all shades from milk to dark chocolate),
Rare, unusual colors are distinguished into a separate group:
- Spotted - with red, blue or chocolate spots on a white background.
- Black-backed with a bright tan.
Important. White color without stains is considered not valid. This is albinism or tribal marriage. All white dogs suffer from a mass of genetic diseases.
The appearance of Shar Pei suggests that it is a gloomy and closed dog, an incorrigible pessimist. But on close acquaintance, it turns out that the characteristic of a Shar-Pei has nothing to do with its sullen expression of its muzzle. These dogs are friendly and loving towards the owner and family members. Shar Pei is a kind, cheerful and tactful dog.
Despite the gloomy appearance, Shar Pei are very funny and inquisitive dogs.
Sharpay inherent self-sufficiency and stubbornness. Starting from 3-4 months puppies begin to study households, check their strength and observe the family hierarchy. Family members with low status (for example, children) they will not obey. The dog can be managed only by a strong-willed person with a strong character and qualities of a host.
To strangers in the house and on the street Shar Pei are incredulous and wary. Sensing a dog outside the door of an uninvited guest, the dog will not start heart-rendingly barking and worrying about his appearance in the apartment, but Shar Pei is ready to meet a stranger on the threshold and fight back in case of danger at any time. Moreover, the size of the opponent does not scare Sharpei. He is ready to fight with any, even the strongest dog.
При этом животных, выросших на одной с ним территории, шарпеи любят, и часто их связывают добрые отношения. Добродушие и благосклонность проявляет шарпей к детям, поэтому прекрасно с ними ладит, но обращению с собакой детей нужно учить, иначе могут возникнуть некоторые проблемы.
Собаку нельзя хватать за ноги, неожиданно класть на неё руку. Fearfulness is connected with the peculiarities of Sharpei vision: their peripheral vision is weak because of their large eyelids, and they are frightened by unexpected touches. If the puppy is constantly frightened, he will grow up aggressive and angry.
Another feature of Sharpey is the ability to change in the blink of an eye. While the owner is resting on the couch or busy with his business, Shar Pei will sleep peacefully next to him or on his own bedding. But it is worth picking up a leash and calling a pet for a walk, as he turns into a funny, playful dog, a real choleric person. Despite the seeming clumsiness, the dog moves actively and loves to play very much.
Shar-Pei is a tender dog, he likes to be scratched behind the ear, loves to lick his hands. The owner for him is the center of the universe, and the character of the pet will depend entirely on the character and lifestyle of its owner. He will adapt to any mode: he will be happy to make joint runs or sleep for a long time in the morning and wait patiently for a walk, have fun with his host at a country picnic or be sad with him looking out the window of a city apartment. If sadness is felt in the host’s voice, Shar Pei will not bother him with games, but pretend to be sad too.
Shar Pei adapts to the host mode: he can lie on the sofa all day with the owner or accompany him on a long walk.
A distinctive feature of Sharpey - high intelligence. They are able to instantly make the right decision in unusual situations. Due to his high intelligence, Shar Pei never loses his temper. He does not like loneliness, but if he remains in the apartment, he will patiently wait for the owner, he will not start behaving disgracefully, nibbling furniture and any things. Dogs living in country houses, walk strictly along the paths, never go to the beds or flower beds, it also speaks of their incredible ingenuity.
Socialization and training of Sharpei
Shar Pei show their best qualities of character exclusively with close people. Distrust of strangers can manifest itself in the form of aggression, especially if the stranger is intrusive or breaks the distance from the owner or dog.
The dog needs early socialization. Intentionally enter into conflicts with people and other animals Shar Pei is not inclined, but can be frightened by them, nervous at the approach of strangers. The owner is important to teach the dog to treat others calmly.
The model of correct behavior in the house and on the street should be demonstrated by Sharpey, from a very early age. Pet needs to show what can and should be done and what is unacceptable. From an early age, the puppy must learn who is the boss. With Sharpei, you need to establish a leadership position, otherwise he will take the role of a leader on himself, and it will be impossible to re-educate him. Accustoming Shar Pei to the teams and the rules of behavior, it is necessary to show confidence and perseverance.
For the execution of commands Shar-Pei should be encouraged delicacy or praise. Screaming, and even more to beat the dog is unacceptable. The dog is universal, so it can be raised as a guard, watchman, loyal friend.
The socialization of the Shar-Pei must begin immediately after the puppy has entered the house.
Maintenance and care
The ideal option for a dog that you can easily have in a city apartment is Shar Pei. The maintenance and care of Sharpey does not cause much trouble. The wool will not be poured from it abundantly, and the furniture will not suffer from the teeth of the pet who remained in the apartment alone. Sharpei puppies do not even need to wean the toilet only on the street, they will wait patiently for a walk to make "their own business."
In the apartment Sharpey is given a special place. You need to arrange it in such a way that the dog saw the owners, but was not in a draft. The dog should sleep on a spacious stowage bench of medium hardness made from natural materials.
Sharpei care consists of several activities.
Bathing and grooming, treatment of parasites
Bathing is carried out with pollution, on average, once every 3 months. Water Shar Pei do not like, and to teach them to the soul as soon as possible. For swimming, you need to use a special shampoo for short-haired dogs.
Sharpei human shampoo can not be used. Perfumes can cause severe allergic reactions. In addition, these tools are poorly washed off and the dog may be poisoned when licking. Frequent sharpei washing is not necessary, as they do not have the characteristic smell of dog meat. After a shower, the dog must be thoroughly wiped and dried, especially in the fold area.
Scrubbing is carried out once a week, and during a molt every other day. During molting, the falling out hair is removed with a stiff rubber mitt. Sharpei do not need a hairstyle. Trimming is also highly undesirable.
During the molt, the sharpei are combed out with a rubber mitten every 2 days.
Once a month, the skin is treated with antiparasitic agents. Lawyer, Advantix, Bars are effective.
Claw clipping, paw care
Claws are trimmed after they grow 1 mm. Sharpey claws cannot be clipped shortly, as there is a risk to damage blood vessels located close to the edge of the claw. It is impossible not to cut the claws at all, since they interfere with the formation of the paws, provoke dislocations.
Regularly inspect the paw pads. Wipe paws and lubricate them with a special cream after each walk.
Care for teeth, ears and eyes
Eyes and ears are weak points of the Shar-Pei: due to the peculiarities of the structure of the skin that covers them, the risk of developing inflammation is increased. Eyes should be wiped regularly with a wet disc.
Pieces of lemon, tomatoes, or special bones, which can be purchased at the pet store, help to rid the pet of tartar. Sometimes too much wool grows in the dog's ears, which impairs the circulation of air in them. Excess hairs need to be cut or plucked with fingers. It is very undesirable to hit the ears of water while swimming or swimming in the pond.
How to feed a Shar Pei - dry food or natural products - the owner decides. Premium or super premium dry food is an acceptable option. They contain natural ingredients, their composition is balanced, no need to spend time on cooking.
Sharpei can be fed dry food premium or super premium class.
When choosing a dry food for Shar Pei, it is advisable to consult with the breeders from whom the puppy was purchased. Abrupt change of puppy's diet or brand may cause indigestionI, therefore, better to stick to the usual menu.
When choosing food, pay attention to the amount of protein in it: as part of it, it should come first. The composition should not be animal fat, meat meal, by-products. Sharpey dyes, sweeteners are very harmful. Recommended brands: Origen, Akana, Go.
Important. When feeding it is necessary to strictly adhere to the recommendations on the package in terms of portions. Puppies are pre-soaked granules, an adult dog is given dry. But if an adult Shar Pei refuses to gnaw dry granules, it is acceptable to soak them.
Sharpei can not be overfed, because due to poor metabolism and lack of physical activity, these dogs are prone to obesity.
Feeding natural food is cheaper than dry food, but requires a certain amount of time. Balancing naturalka for Shar Pei is quite difficult.
In the main menu should include:
- Meat low-fat varieties scalded.
- Chicken necks, raw offal.
- Boiled rice.
- Sea fish stewed or scalded.
There should not be sweets, milk and bones in the menu of Shar Pei.
Experts prohibit the inclusion in the diet Sharpey the following products:
Sharpey should not be given soups and other liquid foods, which can lead to indigestion and kidney problems. To feed this breed you need only solid or thick food.
Health and life expectancy
The number of hereditary diseases in Sharpey is large enough.
The most common are:
The weakest organ of the Shar Pei is the eyes. A frequent occurrence is a sudden loss of vision. At first, eye problems manifest as abundant tearing, suppuration, redness of the mucosa and retina. A certain amount of pus and increased tearing is quite normal. It is enough to wipe your eyes with a damp cotton pad, you can add a decoction of chamomile.
If the formation of pus is abundant, or tears flowed in a stream - immediately to the veterinarian. This may be due to allergies, conjunctivitis, bloat of the century. Then urgent treatment or even surgery is necessary.
Another feature of Sharpei health is allergy. The source of an allergy can be products, cosmetics, drugs, insect parasites, and helminths. The dog starts itching, smell from the mouth, hair loss, runny nose, watery eyes.
Many shar-pei suffer from twisted eyelids, this problem is solved with surgery.
To help the dog, you need to urgently identify the allergen and eliminate its effects on the body. Without excluding contact with the product or substance that caused the allergy, the treatment is useless. After exclusion of the allergen, treatment is prescribed, eliminating the itch, removing toxins from the body. Dog selected therapeutic diet. To relieve symptoms, you can give your pet Suprastin or Tavegil. Selection of treatment must be made by a veterinarian.
Sharpei's health is most vulnerable at puppy age, while there is an active growth. Growing and growing Sharpei lasts up to 8-9 months, then he is considered a young dog. With proper care Shar Pei live 10-12 years.
From the age of 16 months, bitches are considered adults, their first heat starts. Duration of estrus from 21 to 28 days. Knitting a dog can be done with 3-4 estrus. Willingness to mating a young individual is determined by experts of canine clubs.
Puppy selection rules
Shar Pei is a fairly common breed, so there will be no problems with acquiring a puppy. The choice should be treated with maximum responsibility, as amateurs and unscrupulous breeders got involved in breeding the breed. As a result, the chances of buying a dog that does not meet the standards have increased.
Shar Pei - medium in size, strong and powerful dog of the molossoid type. Its distinguishing features are blue-black tongue and skin, which gathers in folds at the withers and on the head in adult dogs, and in puppies - all over the body. These are active and energetic dogs, intelligent, noble and majestic.
Shar Pepeys have a compact and sturdy physique. In males, the body has a square format, bitches may be slightly more stretched. Growth is 49-51 cm in males and 44-49 cm in females. These dogs weigh from 18 to 35 kg. The head is massive, rather large, but at the same time harmonious with respect to the body. The transition from the forehead to the wide and powerful face is noticeable, but not very pronounced. Ideally, the length of the muzzle should be equal to the length of the skull, but there are a lot of Shar-Pei, whose muzzle is slightly shortened.
On the forehead, as well as on the face and on the cheeks there are deep skin folds, turning into a suspension. Ears are small, triangular, set high above the eyes. Some Sharpei ears are so small that they barely close the ear canal. The nose is wide and large. Its color is black either in the tone of the main color or slightly darker. The upper lip is very thick, fleshy and saggy, almost completely covers the bottom, so that only the edge of the chin is visible.
The teeth must be complete and in the right scissor bite. The tongue and palate are bluish-black in dogs with basic colors and lavender in animals with a weak coat color. Eyes oval or almond shape, preferably as dark as possible brownish tint. Look calm and slightly wary. The neck is of moderate length, slightly curved, with a well-marked suspension, which at the same time should not impede freedom of movement or be too massive and heavy.
The chest is voluminous and deep, reaching to the elbow joints. The back is wide and strong, the loins are convex, turning into beveled croup. The belly is moderately taut, not forming a sharp bend, but not hanging down. Limbs strong and strong, but not massive. The front limbs are straight, straight and parallel. The posterior ones are well muscled, with lowered hocks and a rather wide set.
The tail is set high, thick and round at the base, gradually tapering. Three tail positions are permissible: tightly rolled into a single or double ring and hanging down to one side, rolled into an incomplete ring, bent, but not touching the back. The coat is hard, dense and rather short.
Important ! Two types of coat are allowed: horse - very short and hard guard hair up to 1 cm long and brush - wool from 1 to 2.5 cm, softer and more resilient. In addition, there are Shar Pei with a very long, so-called "bear" wool, which is considered a marriage of the breed.
The main sign of the breed is the folds, which are especially noticeable in puppies, as they cover their entire body. An adult dog must have folds on its forehead, as well as cheeks, face and neck, but on the body they are undesirable, although not too pronounced folds at the withers and near the base of the tail are considered a disadvantage. On the limbs, folds in adult Sharpei are unacceptable, but they are found in dogs of the so-called, extreme type, which is characterized by excessive folding, which the breed also calls skins.
Suppose any monochrome color except pure white. In Shar-Pei, colors are usually divided into two groups: basic and dilute. The former are characterized by the presence of black pigment and are easily recognizable by the black nose, black pigmentation of the lips, eyelids and paws, and often by blackout on the face. Dilute or weakened colors are characterized by the complete absence of black pigment and its replacement by brown. In such dogs, the nose is brownish or similar to the tone of the main color, the paw pads are pinkish or brown, and the eyelids and lips are weakly pigmented. If there is a darkening on the face, it is also a brown shade, not black.
- The main colors include: black, blue, isabella, deer, sable, red, cream.
- Dilute colors include: chocolate, apricot, cream dilute, purple, sable dilute, isabella dilite.
Important ! In dogs of basic colors, only black-blue, violet or bluish language is allowed, while in Shar-Pei with common colors, it has lighter, lavender pigmentation.
Sharpei is distinguished by appeasable and affectionate character, intelligence and wit. At home he is affectionate and playful, loves children very much and plays with them willingly. However, these dogs are characterized by such features as nobility, self-esteem, and even majesty. Alert and wary sharpei turn out to be great guards. But their increased mistrust towards outsiders and the aggressiveness that some members of this breed show towards other dogs can create certain difficulties in their upbringing and training.
Care and hygiene
The short hair of these dogs does not require complex care: you just need to brush them once a week with a brush. During the period of molting, you can use a special mitten for shedding dogs or a furminator: this will not only reduce the amount of wool in the house, but also help the dog avoid skin irritation, because the Sharpey hair is very prickly and, if not removed in time, it can cause your pet severe discomfort. Sharpeys are not bathed too often, it is enough to wash them several times a year, especially since not all of the representatives of this breed love water and willingly bathe.
Important! The hanging suspension and the folds on the face should be wiped with a soft towel from moisture after the dog has drunk and carefully remove the remnants of food from them after feeding. But to grease them with ointments or sprinkle with powders unnecessarily and without the recommendations of a veterinarian should not be.
The ears of these dogs should be cleaned with a cotton swab dipped in a special liquid for cleaning, which can be bought at a veterinary pharmacy. In case of contamination, the eyes should be cleaned with a cotton pad, removing the accumulated mucus from the corners of the dog's eyes. Shar-pei's teeth are usually cleaned themselves with the help of toys or treats, so the need for additional cleaning is not often necessary.
Dogs claws grind off during a walk, but if this does not happen, they need to be trimmed with a claw. As a rule, shar-pei can do very well without clothes, but in very cold weather, from -20 and more, you must always put your pet in warm overalls. The demi-season jumpsuit will not interfere in the autumn, thanks to which the animal will stay clean longer. And, of course, in winter, these dogs are allowed to be kept only in the house or in the apartment, as the Shar Pei do not tolerate a long stay in the cold.
Подобрать для собаки этой породы правильный рацион, порой, бывает непросто из-за того, что у многих шарпеев имеется непереносимость тех или иных продуктов. Поэтому, специалисты рекомендуют подбирать для них наиболее подходящий корм супер-премиум класса или холистик, постепенно добавляя его к привычному и наблюдая при этом за реакцией собаки.
When feeding with natural products, you need to consider that for the day the pet will need about 1 kg of food, of which about half should be lean meat, offal or fish. The second half of the ration mainly consists of buckwheat, oatmeal or rice cereal. It is also necessary to give the dog dairy products, seasonal vegetables and greens.
Important ! In the first days after the acquisition of a puppy, you need to feed him the food he ate in the breeder's house. And only after that you can gradually transfer the dog to a more convenient diet for the owner.
The frequency of feeding for small puppies is 5-6 times a day, gradually their number is reduced to two by the age of one. It is recommended to focus on the individual characteristics of the dog and remove the one from the feedings, which she herself began to refuse or eat while he is extremely reluctant.
Diseases and breed defects
Shar Pei has a predisposition for a variety of diseases, the most common of which are:
- Hereditary fever Sharpei.
- Allergy, mainly food.
- Tight lips syndrome.
- Inversion century.
Important! Most health problems can be avoided with a good choice of a pet and with proper feeding and keeping conditions.
Training and education
Due to the fact that Shar Pei are quite independent and independent in nature, they need early education and socialization. These dogs require respect for themselves, without which they simply will not reckon with the owner and will act in spite of him. If, however, Sharpey is treated well and acts when training this dog not with the help of brute force, but with conviction and affection, then the animal will quickly understand what the owner is seeking from him and will gladly carry out his commands.
Important! The slightest signs of aggression towards the owners, including food, should be immediately stopped, because otherwise it can become a habit.
Walking with Shar-Pei is only needed on a leash, as these dogs may show aggression towards other dogs or other animals. If you want the dog to walk in a society of its own kind, then it is better to take care of this in advance, while the pet is still relatively small and can be introduced to other, domestic, adult and calm dogs without the risk of possible fights.
With the right upbringing and training, a faithful, devoted and very sensitive dog grows out of a Shar-Pei puppy, friendly towards people and not showing aggression towards other animals.
What to look for
If you are going to buy a Shar-Pei, you need to decide on the floor of the future puppy, its quality (show, breed or pet-class), type of wool (horse or brush) and color. It is also very important to choose a dog originating from healthy lines that are not prone to hereditary diseases.
Important! Despite the fact that so far there is a fairly large number of good dogs of this breed and without documents, it is better to buy a Shar-Pei with a metric, which is a guarantee of its purebred origin and good quality of cultivation.
Choosing a puppy, you need to pay attention to his health and behavior. A good, healthy Shar-Pei should not have traces of combs on the skin or dried crusts, its eyes and nose are clean, without traces of discharge, and the stomach is not sunken, but not swollen. You also need to look into the mouth of the puppy in order to make sure that its tongue is black or lavender depending on the color, but not pink, which is a marriage of the breed.
Shar Pei breed standard
Shar Pei is a very ancient breed. Currently, there are several standards that describe the characteristics of the breed: American, English, Canadian, Chinese, etc. The first two are almost the same, in the Canadian version there are strong differences, for example, the height of the dog at withers below the norm by 7 cm, as well as a greater choice colors
General characteristics: calm dog with a strong and harmonious addition. It belongs to the Molossian group, to the subgroup: Molossian mastiform.
A remarkable feature of shar-pei is the skin, which exceeds the volume of the entire dog several times.
The nature and characteristics of Shar Pei
Standard specifies Shar Pei breed in this way:
- medium size, strong build, square, muscular, broad chest.
- The head is set high, a little large in relation to the body, covered with folds.
- eyes - small, dark color, deeply planted.
- muzzle wide. Feature - lips, tongue, mouth cavity of blue-black or lavender color.
- Ears - small, in the form of a triangle, adjacent to the head.
- wool - very tough, short in the “plush” type, without undercoat.
- The skin lies loosely, forming countless folds on the head and body.
- the tail has features characteristic of this breed: short, thick, tapered towards the end, set high, hooked over the back.
Character - friendly. By temperament - calm, independent.
The movement is free, balanced, while running there is a good reach and a strong push of the hind legs, as the speed increases, the legs converge towards the center line.
Among Sharpey breeders there is an opinion that a healthy food for a dog is high-quality ready-made dry food. The advantage of this method is that such food is balanced: meat, cereals, vegetables, additives, etc. are included in the right proportion.
However, some owners prefer natural food for their dogs: fresh meat, boiled cereals, vegetables. Among the prohibited foods: chocolate, sweets, smoked meats, nuts, tomatoes.
When choosing a puppy, you must clearly understand the purpose for which you are purchasing it. If it is a pet, you need a 2-3 month old healthy and cheerful baby. If for breeding, then necessarily need a pedigree and a veterinary conclusion. If, as a show dog, then the choice is better to do with a specialist breed.
Carefully inspect the puppy - due to the short hair, all the advantages and disadvantages of its physique are visible. There is an opinion that it is better to take a 6-month-old puppy, since it will be possible to determine the observance of all proportions. In a 3-month sharpei, the head is somewhat large, the paws are disproportionately long, the tail is only raised at the top, but not twisted. It is necessary to look so that the eyes are not too deeply planted, the ears would be directed towards the eyes, there would not be many folds on the buttocks and legs.
Shar Pei is a dog for experienced dog breeders. He, in an oriental way, is calm and stubborn. Easily remembering commands, you can simply refuse to carry them out. Therefore, education and socialization should begin from the moment the puppy appears in the house and do it patiently and persistently. In this case, growing up, the dog will gradually become responsive to the commands, obedient and faithful.
Training should begin in 3-4 months. Education at such an early age can soften the dominant character traits of the animal. To avoid problems in dealing with cats and other dogs, a small Shar Pei should be taught to play games with them. Also as much as possible to contact with people.
How to educate to overcome the dog's stubborn temper? - Good advice can be obtained from a dog handler. Sharpei needs a basic course of dog training and the basics of obedience. Mandatory commands that you should know: "To me!", "You can not!", "Location!". When training a dog, aggression and physical punishment are not allowed.
Interesting facts about the breed
- 1978 - Shar Pei, as the rarest breed, is listed in the Guinness Book of Records. At that time, the price of a puppy from the first pedigree reached 10,000 dollars.
- 1990 - Breeder Vladimir Markov brought several sharpeis from Europe to Russia, which became the first representatives of the breed in the country.
Prices for Sharpei puppies
Shar Pei is still a new breed for Russians. Nurseries and clubs appeared in the nineties. For breeding, titled animals from Europe and the USA are used. The cost of a puppy depends on its class. Before you buy a Shar-Pei, visit mono-exhibits, talk with the breeder, evaluate your capabilities.
The price of Sharpei puppies for Avito ranges from 10,000 to 25,000 rubles.
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