The Russian-European husky (REL) is a hunting breed of dog that hunters consider to be one of the most versatile, as it shows excellent results in working on many species of game: a fur-bearing animal (squirrel, raccoon, badger), bird, wild boar and bear. Huskies are one of the most ancient groups of breeds on earth, because they have been used to serving and helping people for centuries.
Russian-European husky appeared thanks to the many years of breeding and breeding dog handlers. To obtain such a beautiful breed, representatives of the Arkhangelsk, Komi ASSR (Zyryan), Karelian, Voyatsk, Vogul, Khanty (West Siberian), Kirov, Kostroma, Mari and other Likhoid individuals were used.
The standard of the breed Russo-European Laika was recognized and approved by the International Canine Federation in 1980.
Russian-European husky will be a good helper for hunters and people leading an active lifestyle. This smart and hardy breed will make you an excellent company on fishing, during a walk on a bicycle or during a long hike. It is not suitable as a companion for the elderly or busy people.
Russian-European husky breed description and standard IFF
Country of origin: Russia.
Purpose: hunting dog with versatile abilities.
FCI classification: Group 5. Spitz and primitive types of dogs. Section 2. Northern hunting dogs. With working tests.
Important proportions: the format of the dog is almost square, the format of the bitch is slightly stretched.
- Format index (height / length): dogs 100 / 100-103, bitches 100 / 100-105.
- The height at the withers of males can exceed the height at the sacrum by 1-2 cm, in females almost equal or more by 1 cm.
- The length of the muzzle is slightly less than half the length of the head.
- The distance from the ground to the elbows is slightly larger than the distance from the withers to the elbows.
General appearance: Russian-European Laika (REL) of medium size, strong build with dry well-developed muscles. Sexual dimorphism is clearly pronounced.
Type of constitution: strong, dry.
Format: square (body length measured from the shoulder-blade joints to the ischial tubercles is almost equal to the height at the withers).
Behavior / Temperament: balanced, agile, Russian-European husky on a hunt shows excitement, because it has a well-developed sense of smell and is able to quickly find prey. The level of orientation is high, peculiar to breeds with a wide search.
Head: dry, when viewed from above wedge-shaped, longer than wide.
Occiput: Well defined.
Stop (transition from forehead to nose): pronounced, but slightly protruding eyebrows create the impression of a pronounced transition.
Nose: Medium sized, black nose with well open nostrils.
Muzzle: dry, pointed. The length of the muzzle is slightly less than half the length of the head. The upper line of the muzzle and the skull are parallel.
Lips: dry, tight, without flakes.
Cheekbones: well developed. Zygomatic arches and muscles pronounced.
Jaws / Teeth: Strong jaws, regular scissor bite. Teeth large, white, strong, developed. There is a complete dental formula 42 teeth.
Eyes: oval, medium size, slightly oblique. Planted not deep, but not protruding. The expression of the eyes is lively, intelligent. Eye color is dark brown or brown in all colors.
Ears: small, erect, set high, V-shaped, pointed ends.
Neck: dry, muscular, neck length equal to the length of the head.
Withers: pronounced, especially in males.
Back: straight, strong, muscular, moderately broad.
Loin: short, wide, slightly convex.
Croup: Wide, moderately long, slightly sloping.
Chest: oval, wide and deep, reaching elbows.
Abdomen: moderately tucked up.
Bottom line: from the chest towards the abdomen well tucked.
Tail: curled ring or sickle, thrown back or pressed to the thigh. At length, the tail of the REL reaches the hock.
Russian-European like photo with a fixed look
Forelegs: dry, muscular, straight when viewed from the front, set apart moderately widely, parallel to each other. The height from the elbows to the ground is slightly more than half the height of the dog at the withers.
Shoulders: Long, well laid back.
Shoulders: The humerus is long, well sloping, muscular. The angles of the shoulder-blade joints are well pronounced.
Elbows: tightly pressed to the body, directed strictly back, should not be turned neither in nor out.
Forearm: Straight, dry, muscular, oval in cross section, viewed from the front parallel, set moderately wide.
Pasterns: Short, slightly oblique when viewed from the side.
Front feet: oval, arched, toes gathered in a lump. The claws are strong.
HINDQUARTERS: Muscular, with well defined corners of all joints. Seen from behind, the limbs are straight, parallel.
Thighs: moderately long, sure set.
Knees: with good angles.
Lower thigh: Moderately long, sloping.
Hocks: set almost vertically. When viewed from the side, the perpendicular dropped from the sciatic bump to the ground should pass close to the front side of the tarsus.
Hind feet: oval, arched, toes gathered in a lump. Fingers (fifth) fingers on the hind limbs are undesirable.
Skin: skin is dense, elastic.
Coat: guard hair thick, coarse and straight. The undercoat is well developed, soft, plentiful and fluffy. The hair on the head and ears is short and dense. The hair on the shoulders and neck is longer than on the body and forms a collar, at the junction with the hair growing behind the cheekbones, forms tanks. Males have longer hair on withers.
The limbs are densely covered with a short, dense coat; on the back of the forelegs, the coat is slightly longer. On the back side of the hind limbs, the wool forms pants, but without feathering.
Between the fingers is a protective coat that looks like a brush.
The tail is abundantly covered with straight, thick hair, which on the underside is slightly longer, but without dewlap.
Disadvantages / Defects: Any deviation from the above should be considered as a disadvantage / defect, and the seriousness with which a given deficiency / defect should be evaluated should be proportionate to its degree and its effect on the health, well-being and working qualities of the dog.
- Insufficiently expressed sexual dimorphism.
- Apple head, prominent forehead, poorly developed cheekbones.
- Too pronounced eyebrows.
- Partial depigmentation of the nose, lips and eyelids.
- Hanging lips.
- Straight bite, small, damaged or sparse teeth, the absence of more than one PM1 and PM2.
- The eyes are large, small, rounded, not obliquely set, deep set or protruding, of a light color.
- The back is soft, narrow or arched.
- The loin is long, narrow, or convex.
- The croup is flat, narrow or sloping.
- The chest is narrow, flat, barrel-shaped, small.
- Straight pasterns, weak pasterns.
- Cat's paw, hare's paw, loose paw.
- Related movements.
- Too thick or loose skin, folds and wrinkles.
- Rare undercoat, no collar and sideburns.
- Gray hair, specks and specks on the head and limbs of the same color as the main color.
- Height 2 cm above the standard.
- Pronounced deviations from the sexual type.
- Light or heavy bones, very massive body.
- Obesity or thinness.
- Head too long, stop smooth or overly pronounced.
- Muzzle upturned, too long or rough.
- Depigmentation of the nose, lips or eyelids.
- The absence of more than 4 premolars, including PM1.
- The ears are large, set low, fixed.
- Ears with rounded tips, overdeveloped earlobes.
- Small breasts.
- Paws turned inward or outward, clubfoot or curved front.
- Straight or overly sloping shoulders.
- Narrow-set hind limbs with knees turned outward, excessive or straightened corners of the hind limbs.
- Heavy movements, stilting step.
- Long hair on the back of the forelimbs, flared hair.
- Long, wavy or curly coat.
- Spots of tan (red) on the head and legs, different from the main color.
- Aggressiveness, cowardice.
- Any Russian-European laika clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities will be disqualified.
- Abnormal bite, “bulldog” bite, absence of teeth (except PM1 and M3), including direct bite until the age of 6 years.
- Corneal opacity, blotches or eyes of a different color.
- Hanging ears or semi-erect.
- A naturally short tail, saber-like or otter tail.
- Shorthair / Longhair or tail with suspension.
- Any colors not acceptable standard (brown, brindle colors)
Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Russian-European Like character
The character of the Russian European husky is unique and interesting. This is a very intelligent, loyal, courageous, inquisitive and active breed. She will be an indispensable helper for the master hunter and an excellent pet. She is friendly, affectionate and loyal to her master, but she is very wary of behaving with strangers.
Russian-European likes need early socialization and mandatory training of basic teams, as the untrained likes can be stubborn and disobedient. Russian-European like working breed and must obey and execute all commands of the owner.
The small size of the REL makes it possible to keep it in the apartment, although after a short period of time you will see for yourself that this breed is created for living in an aviary and regularly visiting the nature (forest, field). She needs an active way of life, and the hunt is her direct purpose, therefore, she will strive to fulfill it everywhere, be it birds in the city park or a neighbor's cat in the yard. So on a walk in the city is not recommended to let her off the leash. By the way, with the master cats she is a Russian-European like, gets on very well, especially if she grows with them. But someone else's cat on the street turns into a prey for her. Therefore, any attempt should be stopped the first time.
Another feature of the breed is Russo-European Laika - she loves and will bark loudly, especially if she stays in the apartment alone. Of course, a loud voice for a dog-hunter is compulsory, since it is the barking of the Russian-European like that informs the owner about the prey, but there may be problems with the neighbors if you live in a high-rise building. A loud voice will be heard by all.
Photo Russian-European husky black color with white socks
Laika needs work, she has to throw out energy (physically and emotionally) so if you close the dog alone in the apartment for the whole day, an unpleasant surprise will await you in the evening: torn wallpaper, eaten slippers, a torn garbage bin and spoiled things to which it will reach. Of course, you can lock it in a cage, but if you do not have time for it and you intend to do it all the time, this is not the way out. Think, probably, other less active breed will suit you. Russian-European husky should not be bored, and if you are not a hunter try to get her interested in sports for dogs (agility, obidiens, frisbee, etc.). But believe me, none of these sports can satisfy her hunting instinct.
REL loves the children of the owner, protects and takes care of them as their own. Laika will never harm a child, she controls her actions and actions. Russian-European Like on a subconscious level protects the baby. But, despite the fact that she is ready to endure many pranks of children, you must teach your child to respect the husky and its territory.
The nature of the Russian European husky is evident from puppyhood, they are curious, independent and self-confident. Therefore, from the first days of the appearance of a puppy in your home, teach him to obey and obey the master. Russian European Like should understand - the main person in the house.
Russian-like European huskies start to be set on the beast from 4-6 months, because at this age they already have a hunting instinct. If you do not have experience in training hunting breeds, be sure to contact professional dog trainers who will help you to unlock the full potential. For Rel. It is vital to take a course on behavior in a forest with a beast, as its health and life during a meeting with a wild animal directly depend on the skills acquired during training. The owner must responsibly approach this issue and be sure to teach likes basic knowledge, and the rest will be prompted by her hunting instinct.
Training a puppy to be conducted in a playful way, without shouting and assault. For example, if the Russian-European husky refuses to enter the water, try to interest him, but never use force, because the bitter experience during training can negatively affect the unformed puppy psyche, which will later manifest itself in cowardice or disobedience of the dog.
Always praise likes for executing commands and treat them to snacks. Your dissatisfaction with the husky's behavior should be manifested only in voice and intonation. The main thing is never beat the dog. Only your patience and love will make your pet trust you and obey.
Russian European like care and maintenance
Happy REL - photo in a private courtyard
Caring for a Russian European husky is not difficult but mandatory. The breed has a thick coat with a soft and dense undercoat. Wool sheds, moult seasonal spring-autumn, plentiful. A big plus breed - REL wool is odorless (with proper care and state of health). When keeping Russian European husky in a room with dry and warm air, molting will be constant. But if you notice that the wool is dry, it crawls in shreds, bald spots appear, the skin is dry and redness appears, be sure to review your diet (perhaps these are signs of allergies) or change shampoo and other hygiene products. If symptoms persist, consult a veterinarian.
Combing wool REL 1-2 times a week with a brush with long teeth. During the period of molting, wool is combed out every day by a pukherker or furminator for long-haired breeds in order to accelerate the loss of dead wool.
Inspect the ears regularly, remove sulfur and dust with a cotton pad dipped in warm water. If the ear is clean it is better not to touch it. If you notice redness, excess sulfur, an unpleasant smell or liquid, be sure to show the husky to the vet.
Eyes healthy husky clean, brilliant, look alive. Small gray lumps in the corners of the eyes in the morning are permissible, since the breed is active, runs a lot, and the eyes are thus cleared of dust. To prevent souring, wash your eyes 1 time a week with chamomile decoction. Each eye is rubbed with a separate piece of soft rag without a nap. Do not let your pet out on the street until his eyes dry out.
To brush teeth 1-2 times a week with toothpaste for dogs with a toothbrush or a fingertip nozzle. Believe me, the dog needs to brush the teeth in order to prevent the appearance of tartar and to protect from dental problems. Include solid food, fresh tomatoes, cartilage, carrots in the diet of the Russian European husky.
The teeth of a Russian-European husky puppy are cleaned with a piece of bandage wrapped around a finger.
There are also special toys for brushing your teeth and massaging the gums of durable rubber or rubber.
Claws trimmed 1 time per month with a large nail clipper.
Paws after walking (especially after the hunt) to inspect for injuries, splinters and cuts. Treat all found wounds with an antiseptic. When keeping a husky in an apartment, wipe the paws with a damp cloth.
Ticks and fleas: be sure to treat your pet with an ectoparasite remedy, as the Russian-European husky (like any hunting breed) is most often attacked by these small but very dangerous insects. Wool REL is very thick with a dense undercoat, so finding the parasite is problematic.
Fleas cause itching, discomfort, allergies and can cause the appearance of worms when biting these bugs.
Ticks, in particular ixodic ticks, are carriers of the deadly disease piroplasmosis (babesiosis). They are particularly active in the period March-June and September-November until the first frost. Therefore, keep a processing calendar and do not forget to treat the surface with flea and tick agent.
Today, there are several types of tools:
- Drops on withers (applied 1 time in 3 weeks)
- Spray (applied before the walk), when infected with fleas also process all things dogs: lounger, clothing.
- Tablets (allowed to give only healthy individuals after consulting a veterinarian)
- Collar (effective with constant wear)
If, after a walk or a hunt, you find a tick on the dog's skin, do not panic. Wear rubber gloves, carefully look at how the bug holds, and use tweezers to unscrew the tick from the skin in circular motions.
Место укуса осмотрите, не осталось ли в ранке частей жучка, и обязательно обработайте укус антисептиком.
Следующие несколько дней следите за состоянием здоровья лайки. Если она активная и кушает с аппетитом все в порядке, клещ был не заразный. But having noticed the following symptoms, immediately seek help from a veterinarian, as the health and life of the Russian-European husky depends on it.
Symptoms of piroplasmosis (babesiosis):
- Sluggish, does not show interest
- High body temperature (above 39 degrees)
- Refusal from food and drink
- Denied hind legs, can not rise
- Urine becomes red-brown color
- The whites of the eyes turn yellow.
Place for a dog: when you keep the REL in the aviary, you must provide it with a cozy booth with a comfortable bedding (straw). Enclosed aviary with a roof and wooden floor. Despite the fact that the husky will be on the street all day, you are obliged to walk with her 1–2 hours a day, so that she develops instincts and strengthens her muscles while running.
When keeping a Russian European husky in an apartment, give her a cozy corner not on the aisle, away from drafts and batteries, provide a comfortable bed and toys.
If you are afraid of the defeat in the house and unpleasant surprises after coming home, from puppyhood, teach the Russian-European husky to the cage and an adult pet will calmly take it during your absence.
Russian European Like food
Nutrition Russian European husky should be balanced and rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals. If it is difficult for you to decide what exactly to feed the REL, be sure to consult with the breeder from whom you take the dog to what food the puppy is used to. To make your pet grow healthy, active and full of energy, follow its diet and completely eliminate prohibited foods from its diet.
Russian European like with kind and faithful eyes - photo from above
- A puppy from 1-2 months should eat 5 to 6 times a day
- In 2-5 months they feed 4 times a day.
- In 6 - 10 months - fed three times a day.
- After 10 months and adult dog fed 2 times a day, twice a day
- The dog must have constant access to clean water.
Useful products for REL:
- The meat is not fat: beef, turkey, rabbit (raw, boiled or scalded with boiling water) If you are a supporter of raw meat but are afraid of infection with helminths, you can pre-freeze the meat. Hunter dogs often eat meat from caught game, so be sure to follow the calendar for treating dogs against worms.
- Cereals (buckwheat, rice, brown rice in particular, goes well with raw meat and vegetables), but the main ingredient should be meat.
- Fermented milk products (kefir, low-fat cottage cheese, yogurt without additives)
- Vegetables (carrots, pumpkin, zucchini) raw and stewed
- 1 tea of vegetable oil per day (olive, sea buckthorn, linseed, etc.) with regular use of vegetable oil, the wool becomes shiny and elastic.
- Seasonal fruits
- Raw scar
- Boneless sea fish
- Eggs (better quail) 1 time per week
- Cranberries (likes her just adore)
Prohibited products for REL:
- Fat meat (pork, lamb)
- Smoked meat
- fried food
- Excess salt
- Raisins, grapes
- Nuts (particularly macadamia)
- Caffeinated products
- River fish
- Pastry baking
Regardless of the variety, all likes have a number of common characteristics. Experts believe that the main features of the breed are independence and love of hunting. However, despite the love of freedom, huskies remain loyal to their masters. The animal shows a mild, docile nature, but in contentious situations it may still show displeasure. European husky dog is notable for heightened curiosity. This circumstance should be taken into account when going for a walk. In pursuit of prey, the dog can run a fair distance. Small prey likes just presses down and brings the owner. Larger beast - barks and delays.
Huskies are quite good-natured to people. Representatives of this breed can show aggression to humans only in an exceptional situation. They get along well with children and do not rush to outsiders. A separate advantage can be called the fact that huskies are amenable to training.
Maintenance and care
So, what is necessary to know about it? The European husky breed is distinguished by thick fur, thanks to which the animal tolerates low temperatures perfectly. But in hot weather, the dog will be more comfortable on the street. Huskies are very active, they require long walks in the fresh air. Walking the dog better in open space, located far from the roadway. If this is not possible, then the animal must be kept on a leash.
Huskies are fairly clean dogs. It is recommended to bathe them only when necessary. But the animal's coat should be combed regularly. This will avoid the appearance of mats.
The animal is unpretentious in food, but this does not mean that the husky can be fed with scraps. A dog needs a high-quality, balanced diet that provides the body with all the necessary vitamins and nutrients. If you decide to feed your pet naturalka, then the set of products should be varied. The dog's diet must include meat, river fish, cereals, vegetables and dairy products. It is also recommended to add special mineral supplements to the food. Adults are usually fed 1-2 times a day.
As for the amount of food, huskies are not greedy. They can go without food for quite some time. If the food of the dog mainly consists of dry food, then preference should be given to compounds characterized by a high content of fats and proteins. To compensate for the lack of mineral salts and strengthen the teeth, the animal is recommended to give tendons and bones. Laika can not be fed with minced meat, sweet and flour products. Beans of all kinds are strictly prohibited. The use of these products can negatively affect the state of the gastrointestinal tract of the animal.
Try to regularly inspect the eyes and ears of your pet. If necessary, they should be cleaned. Also after a walk, you must check the dog's paws for splinters and abrasions.
Likes with proper care live 10-14 years. However, there are cases when the dogs of this breed pleased their owners and up to 18 years. The main condition for a pet's long life is long walks, good food and the love of the owners.
East European Like has many features beneficial to the owners. Keep breed simple enough. Huskies are playful and friendly towards a person; they are notable for their attractive appearance and good health. In addition, these dogs are passionate hunters. It is for this reason that many prefer to breed this particular breed. On the hunt the animal takes the lead. Laika herself decides when it is necessary to perform one or another action. Pet distracts the prey's attention to itself, which allows the owner to make an accurate shot in time. It is also important that the dog does not hunt for itself. She works for a person and, in case of unforeseen danger, can hesitate to sacrifice her life without hesitation.
What are the disadvantages of the content of a European husky? The animal has too thick hair and sheds all year round, which can cause some inconvenience to the owners. In addition, to keep them in an apartment is quite difficult: likes are very mobile and active. They need daily long walks in open space. Getting such a dog, it is worth remembering that this is not a sofa toy. In a closed space, the dog will be unhappy. In addition, huskies can not stand loneliness, they are extremely touchy and hard to tolerate separation from loved ones. The dog is also offended by injustice, and they will not tolerate it even from the owner.
Western European Laika has good health. These are very hardy individuals. This is largely due to the peculiarities of artificial selection: only physically strong and healthy dogs could benefit from hunting. However, there are a number of diseases that are typical for representatives of this breed. These include:
- renal failure
- retinal atrophy,
- dysplasia of the hip joints,
Training and education
East European husky is smart and quick-witted. However, representatives of this breed do not like to study. Because of this, problems often arise in the process of training. Occupations will be successful only in the event that the dog recognizes the leader in the owner. Only then will she agree to carry out his commands.
Some think huskies are extremely capricious. Only inexperienced breeders can say that. The complexity of the training is not due to stupidity or laziness of animals. Huskies have a highly developed self-esteem and are very independent. To train a representative of this breed will require patience and certain skills. Training should take a lot of time. Canine experts also recommend alternating classes with promotions and games.
Likes perfectly catch differences in intonation. If you constantly raise the voice of an animal, it may perceive it as an insult. It is impossible to use force and punish a pet: likes do not tolerate ill-treatment. The rude attitude of the owners can form in the dog anger and aggression towards the person.
It is important to begin training from an early age. A puppy must understand the simplest commands, know where its place is, what is possible and what is not. Only proper education will help you find a faithful and reliable friend.
So, what should you read first? Many today are interested in such a breed as the East European Like. Photos of these puppies can not leave anyone indifferent. However, it should be borne in mind that the choice of a pet is an extremely difficult task. First of all, you need to decide why you start a dog. If the owner is most importantly an attractive exterior of the animal, then choose a pet should, taking into account its external characteristics.
If you need a European husky for hunting, then here you cannot do with just one look. Without a thorough knowledge of the breed’s characteristics and dog skills, it will not be easy to manage a husky. These animals are characterized by independence and strong character. Lovers of silence and homebody, this breed is absolutely not suitable.
There are situations when a person already gets an adult dog. Russian-European Laika does not tolerate a change of scenery. Representatives of this breed are monogamous. They can remain faithful to the first owner until the end of life. Most likely, they will simply not obey the new owner.
It is best to ask for advice on choosing a puppy in the nursery. There, the future owner will show the documents, as well as diplomas and certificates that deserved their parents. The deciding factor when choosing a pet should be its character - it is better to choose cheerful and playful puppies. The hunter is recommended to buy medium-sized individuals. It will be possible to take a puppy to a new home when it reaches 1.5 months of age.
Prices for dogs of the European husky breed are quite democratic. This aspect should be given special importance. Purebred animals can be purchased at a cost lower than other hunting breeds. Buy puppies are recommended only from a trusted breeder.
As a rule, puppies without metrics and pedigree sell for 5-7 thousand rubles. If you do not plan to professionally breed a breed and take part in international exhibitions, this option would be ideal.
For a pedigree animal of the highest class usually ask for from 10 thousand rubles. Such a high cost is formed not only from the exterior and purity of the pedigree, but also from the degree of fame of the nursery and the merits of the manufacturer.
Many are interested in how much an adult Russian-European husky costs. Photos of such animals can often be seen in ads for sale. The cost in this case depends on the size of the beast that the dog is capable of hunting. "Belchatnitsy" usually cost from 5 to 7 thousand rubles. Price "sobolyatnits" can reach up to 9 thousand rubles. Hunters for large animals are more expensive. Their cost starts from 10 thousand rubles.
Kennels usually sell healthy and vaccinated puppies with pedigree. There are actually not very many breeders specializing in breeding huskies.
In this review, we examined in detail such an amazing breed of dogs as a European husky. Photos of these animals in many cause affection. However, before deciding to have such a dog, you need to carefully weigh the pros and cons. Huskies are very independent and difficult to train. In addition, they require long walks in the fresh air. If you are not ready to spend a lot of time with your pet, then this dog is not for you. However, if you need a real hunter, as well as a devoted friend and companion, then the likes will be an excellent pet. With proper care and observance of conditions of detention the dog will delight you every day.
Brief description of the breed Russian-European Like
- Other possible dog names: Russo-European Laika, Russko-Evropeiskaya Laika.
- Adult dog height: 50-53 cm males, 49-55 cm bitches.
- Weight: 17-22 kg.
- Characteristic color: combines black and white in different proportions. One color should prevail, occupying at least of the body surface. A monochromatic color with a single black or white spot is possible.
- Wool length: short, dense, shiny coat with thick undercoat.
- Lifespan: 12-14 years.
- Breed advantages: calm, strong, confident dog. Good to learn, unpretentious, great hunter.
- The complexity of the breed: independent, prone to dominance. Needs from early socialization.
- Average price: You can buy a Russian-European husky puppy from $ 150. Litter dogs champions is much more expensive.
The history of the origin of the Russian-European likes
Russian-European likes bred for hunting. In the process of selection, different breeds of huskies were crossed: Finnish, Kostorm, Voyat, Komi, Arkhangelsk. The breed was registered in the USSR in the 60s of the last century.
The uniqueness of the Russian-European likes in its versatility. The dog can be trained on any game.from birds and squirrels to wild boars and bears.
Purpose and character of Russian-European likes
Russian-European husky - smart, lively and self-confident dog that will become great friend and reliable hunting partner. The indefatigable dog loves long walks, boldly engages in battle with any beast, and, if necessary, is able to protect the owner from danger.
Russian-European huskies bred to hunt for forest, field and tundra game. Can hunt in adverse weather conditions. Fit for keeping in a private house, live without problems in the aviary. Laika can be a good companion for hunters, travelers and just active people, often in nature.
Among the character traits, which are most often noted dog handlers: self-confidence, a tendency to lead, passion, friendliness, autonomy, liveliness, attachment to the owner, distrust of strangers.
The history of the breed
The breed of Russian-European huskies is considered very young: it officially recognized her in the 49th year of the last century. Also, the Huskies removal process was incredibly operational: it took about twenty years to carry out all the selective and crossing manipulations with the highest quality. Therefore, with a certain degree of confidence one can call such laika conveyor belts. The main forces for the breeding of dogs were applied by the VNIIO employees - Kunu and Shereshevsky.
The first ancestors of modern huskies were two dogs - Pomka and Putik. They were born from the husky of western Siberia and a hybrid with a black and white coat color. Since then, several champions among the breeds have been the starting points for the five breeding lines, and their number has only steadily increased every year.
By 1975, for the first time, it was a question of a fairly large volume, which was becoming a worthy and impressive gene pool. Now there is a justified opportunity to make the standards for the breed more stringent. The demand for huskies, as the dogs accompanying the hunter, began to subside by the 80th year of the last century, and over the decade the breed faced a crisis. At that time, the families began to start as compact dogs. But by now, the popularity of Russian-European likes begins to increase again.
Dog breed description
These dogs have a strong and strong physique, have medium size growth, agility and high activity, developed muscles.
- Males reach height of 59 cm, and females usually not more than 56 cm,
- average husky weight - 22 kg,
- the bone is narrow, slightly dry, the complexion is strong and strong, it looks proportionate,
- the muzzle is characterized by the shape of a triangle, pointed,
- the skull resembles a wolfish, rather dryish,
- cheekbones are sharp,
- lips are closed very tightly
- the eyes are lively, slightly braced, the look is very expressive,
- the pigmentation of the eyeballs is only brown,
- limbs parallel to each other, straight,
- the tail is bent into a ring, can sometimes be slightly lowered or lowered to the back,
- окрас пестрый, непременно должны быть пятна, отличные от общего окраса,
- шерсть грубоватая, подшерсток мягкий, имеется специфичный воротник.
Interestingly, initially there were more Russian-European huskies, which had a white coat with spots of a different color. And only due to the "hunters of cities" there was a bias in the breed in the direction of individuals with black color. This is due to the fact that life in large cities is too cruel to the snow-white fur of pets, this color becomes impractical. It is harder to care for it, trying to keep the whiteness of the coat. And dogs with black color of wool are universal for life in urban conditions.
It is preferable for hunters to get a husky with snow-white wool, since the game and the bird are easier and closer can let white individuals to themselves than the same huskies that have a black color.
Characteristics of the huskies
Laika has a unique and unique character. These dogs can easily help hunters, work to protect the home, to assist in the detention of criminals. A rather simple task is to train a husky to track specific wild animals or search for certain things. Often the dog is involved in the hunt for a variety of game. The Russian-European husky shows itself well in the hunt for ducks, small animals, can help in baiting bears, as evidenced by many photos. Laika at such moments shows real courage and anger, the so-called “dog's ingenuity”, the ability to make independent decisions and take into account the circumstances.
Tracking down a game, the husky does not stop barking, showing pressure, while being extremely careful and tidy. Trying not to miss the prey, can pursue it for a day. Russian-European huskies respond well to training and education if you approach this process correctly. And by the age of the year, the dog will be able to take up his duties.
How to care for Russian-European husky
The correct process of grooming a pet does not require the application of tremendous efforts and the formation of special habitats. These dogs are especially fond of the forest and experience maximum comfort living in a house outside the city, but they can also live in a city apartment.
- The wool of the Russian-European husky is extremely thick, and therefore you need to comb it up to three times in one week. In this case, if the animal began to shed, then the procedure will be required much more often to avoid scattered woolen tufts and make shedding faster.
- For a pet's well-being when living in the city, it is necessary to regularly walk the pet, preferably in a park or forest area. If this is difficult, then you will need to use a leash.
Russian-European husky puppies can often be stubborn to the process of upbringing and dog training, and even after growing up they continue to love open space and freedom, trying to escape to the will. And nature laid down an instinct that requires the pursuit of game from dogs, is not lost anywhere, even in urban environments. If you do not use a leash, darling can get carried away with something and get lost.
Huskies have a special cleanliness:
- Subject to water procedures pet extremely rarely.
- Periodically inspect the ears and eyes of a pet.
- If you walked in the forest area, after walking you need to examine the neck and the husky head for the presence of ticks.
Feeding Russian-European huskies
Many owners and dog owners are of the opinion that these huskies are unpretentious in terms of eating. But the food from the master's table and any food familiar to man is not suitable for these animals.
The diet of the husky must necessarily consist of meat and fish products (excluding, if possible, river fish), dairy products, cereals, vegetables, or some fruits. The food must be balanced so that the health of the husky remains strong.
For example, you must carefully consider the preparation of a diet for puppies, when they just crossed the threshold of your home. Initially, you must follow the same menu that was provided for feeding the puppy from the breeder. Depending on the age of the individual, the meal pattern should vary.
- Up to two months of feed is offered up to six times per day.
- Up to five months a puppy is fed four times a day.
- From 5 to 10 months - three meals.
- Puppies over 10 months old take food twice a day.
It is not recommended to offer Russian-European husky fat pork meat and poultry bones. Otherwise, bone fragments can injure the intestines, and fatty pork will result in digestive difficulties.
Genetic characteristics of this breed allow us to conclude that dogs are very unpretentious to food. But, despite the dog's strong digestive tract, it is not recommended to make the dog's diet monotonous, and puppies should not be offered raw meat. Or, before offering such products to your pet, you should scald the meat with boiling water, which will get rid of worms.
Best suited for eating Husky beef, as pork is not recommended to offer because of the fat content. If sea fish is introduced into the diet, you will first need to remove the bones. At the same time, beef bones are useful for huskies, and they love to gnaw at them, strengthening their own teeth.
It is recommended to give food to an adult husky in the morning and evening. In this case, the portion should be calculated immediately on the daily rate and then be divided into two parts: one third for the morning of the total volume and two thirds for the evening. The pet must maintain its shape, be active and have a healthy appearance. Drawing attention to what is the condition of the coat, it can be concluded about the correctness of the choice of food.
Education and training pet
It is usually quite problematic to train representatives of Russian-European huskies. It will be necessary to ensure that the dog has learned the main commands. Dogs of this breed have exorbitant stubbornness, some may completely refuse to learn and continue to execute commands. It will be required, avoiding unjustified punishment and the use of force, to stop this trait in the first stages of training. But remember, the husky perfectly remembers any rude act or injustice, and will try to revenge if the opportunity arises.
In the process of walking through the forest or park areas, you should keep your pet with you, not letting it go extremely far. Otherwise, it can lead to serious problems when the dog is too keen on exploring the surroundings and stop listening to the call, running farther and farther.
Certainly the pet needs sincere praise for any team he performs correctly, and in this case, the process of training and education of Russian-European likes will be greatly facilitated.
It is necessary to start learning and raising a pet immediately from the moment when the puppy has appeared in the apartment or house. It is important for a dog to get used to adulthood, to a certain obedience and respect for the owner. Laika needs to make it clear who is the owner in the territory where she lives. At the same time it is important that the pet does not encounter serious pressure or stressful situations, he felt safe in the apartment.
The list of main commands should include the following: “quiet”, “near”, “to me”, “voice” or “sit”. In order for the Russian-European Laika to accustom itself everywhere to follow the owner, a long and durable leash is used. It is desirable that he had a mechanism that allows you to conveniently shorten its length in hand. It can be used to give the dog commands, ordinary words or a whistle. The process of training is desirable to produce in such a way that the place of the dog was to the left of the owner. As an example, in order for a dog to master the “near” command, it is important after the instruction to pull the pet to the side on the left, moving together. Over time, the leash can be pulled all the weaker, and if the dog acts correctly, you must encourage him to treat with a treat or stroke. Slowly but surely you will need to train the dog not only to walk alongside or along a straight path, but also to turn.
Of course, the Russian-European likes will be able to train a number of other teams. The dog will feel sincere delight and pleasure if you throw him a ball or a stick, which he will bring back to the owner. The instincts demand such behavior from him, therefore, the pet will be as happy as possible. If the season is consistent, and stable hot weather is established, then the husky can easily jump into the pond, taking out the object thrown to her. Based on this, you need to choose for training and gameplay with your favorite secluded areas in the park or forest, where your pet will not be able to scare the people around you or spray them.
Each team must learn and practice slowly, gradually, and always repeat them together with the dog. It is not recommended to throw training or get upset if your pet begins to stubborn and act up. You will need to find the strength to firmly resist the pet and show character. In this case, the beautiful dog of this breed will turn into a real pride of the family.