Strange as it may seem, there are worms everywhere: in the thick green grass on the lawn, in the flower bed, on the wet soil and warm sand, in the river and lake water and even in the air. They also exist in food: meat, fish, on the surface of fruits and vegetables. It is not surprising that the worms live in the body of their favorite pets, even those who do not go out, live well-groomed and eat industrial food or thermally treated.
What then can you expect from homeless cats who are used to walking wherever they want? Even scary to imagine! Sadly, many parasitic worms in cats are transmitted to humans. Especially dangerous species, entering the human body, eventually reach several meters in length, literally eating it from the inside and destroying the internal organs! To avoid such a terrible perspective, you need to know how to remove the worms from the cat and clean its body. And most importantly - you should learn to protect yourself from these parasites.
Types of worms in cats
To answer the question of whether your cat is a carrier of worms, you need to know the types of worms in cats and the symptoms of their associated diseases. Even if your pet is still a small kitten, who has never left the house, this does not indicate his “sterility”, because he could have been infected with worms from the cat – mother.
Signs of worms in a cat can be pronounced and visible, such as coughing, vomiting, or chronic diarrhea. And can be mildly expressed, for example, as apathy and lethargy. In any case, the symptoms are associated with harmful activity of the parasitic helminth for the animal.
Most often, kittens and adult fluffy pets are affected by the following types of worms with the manifestation of relevant signs: roundworms and tapeworms, flukes. This separation is explained by the difference in shape, size, feeding habits and methods of reproduction. Get to know them better.
Roundworms are roundworms. These are the most common types of worms in cats. White or brown parasites grow up to 10 centimeters in length, and in appearance they resemble thin spaghetti with tapering tips. Helminths of this species can be easily detected in the feces or cat vomit.
If kittens are infected with roundworms, then outwardly it can be determined by hyper appetite and an unnaturally fat belly. Some manifestations of the disease of an adult animal can also be diagnosed. These include: chronic diarrhea, vomiting, poor appetite, lethargy, and decreased activity.
It is dangerous that round worms in cats are transmitted to humans quite easily. This can happen if the cat licked its wool, affected by the helminth eggs, and you then kissed and stroked it (and almost all the loving owners do it), did not consider it necessary to wash your hands once again.
Hookworms - roundworms that live in the intestines of an animal. Larvae and adult parasites feed on blood, enter the body through the skin. Enter the esophagus through the oral cavity. Manifestations are: constant thirst, vomiting, diarrhea with bleeding, barking cough, loss of appetite and lethargy.
Nematodes are also a frequent type of worms in cats. These parasites feed on animal matter dissolved in the blood and can cause anemia. The defeat of the animal organism by nematodes causes a deadly disease and is especially dangerous for small kittens. Adult cats may develop immunity to the parasites, and then the obvious signs of infection may not appear.
Symptoms of parasitism of this type of worms in domestic cats can be: bloody clots in the stool, diarrhea and associated pain in the abdomen. These worms in cats are transmitted orally to humans.
Long roundworms can reach 4-18 centimeters. The habitat and the organs that they infect at the same time are the esophagus, gall bladder, liver and intestines of the poor animal.
Infection occurs intrauterinely or through the oral cavity. Having fallen ill, cats suffer from severe exhaustion, accompanied by vomiting, chronic diarrhea and a lack of healthy appetite. Toxocars in the organs of a small kitten grow and multiply so quickly that they can even rupture the small intestine.
Tape (flat) worms
Chains perfectly take root in the cat's body and feel comfortable in a person as well. Adult tape parasite in an animal can reach 30 centimeters, and in the host organism - up to one and a half meters! Having settled in the walls of the intestine, he digs into his sharp hooks, feeds on the body and seriously damages the mucous membrane.
The vectors are common fleas and eaters, which are swallowed by the animal during hygiene procedures. Signs of the presence of tapeworms: thinness, irritability, pain and rumbling in the stomach, apathy, vomiting and chronic diarrhea, insomnia.
A real giant among parasitic worms! If in a small cat's body, it can grow up to 150 centimeters, then a wide tapeworm in a person develops up to twelve meters! This is a very dangerous worm, which the cat can catch from eating raw river fish or accidentally swallowing small freshwater crustaceans. The signs of the disease are exactly the same as when infected with a chain.
Small parasites about 5 millimeters long have a flat body and a head, on which chitinous hooks or strong suckers are located. The little body is conventionally divided into several segments, inside of which are in the period of maturation of the eggs of worms. How do worms in cats, you can see in the following photo. They can end up in the intestines of an animal by eating mice, hamsters, rats.
Cestodes are dangerous not only to cats, but also to humans. Interestingly, pets can safely carry these worms for years without negative signs. But when ingested by the host, the worms carry a deadly threat. For a person, the disease has a severe, slow course and is very difficult to diagnose. It entails liver cancer, metastasizing to the brain, lungs and other vital organs. Therefore, it is important to conduct preventive treatment of cat worms in time.
Flatworms flukes are terrible pests that destroy the internal organs of animals and humans. They grow in length from one millimeter to one and a half meters, and very quickly multiply, sticking to the walls of various organs. With the increase you can see that they are equipped with "toothy" suckers, located in several rows.
These worms in cats are transmitted to humans, like many other types of parasites. They settle in the internal organs and slowly destroy them: the liver, intestines, bladder, lungs. Nonstandard organs such as the conjunctival sac or the Eustachian tube may also be affected. If you eat crayfish and poorly roasted fish, then there is a risk to pick up worms-flukes. A cat may become infected by eating raw freshwater fish.
Liver flukes, judging by the name, settles in the tissues of the liver, gradually eroding it. Small individuals damage the pancreas and gallbladder. Vivid symptoms can be: loss of appetite, muscle weakness, painful stomach, vomiting and diarrhea of pronounced yellow color, fever. In advanced cases, only long-term complex treatment will save.
Pulmonary worms can affect the cat's organism, which has eaten freshwater mollusks, crustaceans, or drank river water. Parasites have received the name for the fact that the smallest worms that have not reached one centimeter, by their parasitic activity, provoke the formation of cysts in the lungs, gradually destroying them. The characteristic symptoms of the disease: severe cough, chest rales, fever, fever, poor appetite. And these worms in cats are transmitted to humans, so the treatment of a pet is necessary.
General symptoms of worms worms
If you do not be lazy to regularly carry out the prevention of helminthic invasion, constantly monitor your pet, then even a sick animal will not show signs of illness, as the worms in domestic cats will not have time to reproduce in large quantities. If we neglect medical measures, then we can allow a rapidly progressive defeat of the animal with worms, and often even several species. Sometimes this leads to the death of the pet.
Known common signs of helminth lesions are: dull and falling hair, conjunctivitis of the eye, alternating constipation and diarrhea, lethargy, a tight stomach, nonspecific smell from the mouth. The disease is clearly reflected in the appetite of the animal: some cats begin to eat a lot, but do not get better at the same time, other pets refuse to eat, choosing only their favorite delicacies.
How can you get worms
Let's summarize where all the same worms come from a domestic cat. First, being a predator, it eats prey (birds, rodents) along with the eggs of parasites. Even catching a beetle or a fly, the animal can become infected with any worms.
Secondly, the cat swallows helminth eggs together with raw meat, raw freshwater fish, river water, so pets should be protected from such a diet. Thirdly, the majority of worms are transferred through the feces. Fourthly, when the cat licks, she swallows eggs of parasitic worms stuck to fur and paws even at home, because people bring parasites to the house on their shoes and clothes. A person can become infected with worms from a cat most often through saliva and feces.
What are dangerous worms for cats and humans?
It can be assumed that some worms in cats, such parasites are transmitted and the owner. The danger of worms who have settled in the body is that they actively feed on the blood, lymph, tissues of various internal organs, which leads to the inevitable depletion of the vital forces of the diseased.
Any parasitic worms poison the body of an animal and a person with toxic substances that are the result of their vital activity and death. Decomposition products also cause allergic reactions and severe poisoning. In addition, parasites injure organs by suction cups and fixing hooks, causing rupture of blood vessels and necrosis.
The appearance of symptoms of helminthic invasion, such as constipation and abdominal distension, may indicate intestinal obstruction. If the defeat occurs in a cat, it can die, because a huge number of worms block the lumen of the poor animal’s intestines, and it cannot be emptied by natural means. And this is not all the reasons why cat worms are so dangerous, treatment in any case should be prompt.
Treatment of worms in cats should be under the direction of a veterinarian. It can not be carried out independently. Despite the fact that commercially available special anti-worms for cats, which can be quite effective, however, they can cause additional digestive disorders in the animal, as well as not free the cat from worms completely.
Before independently trying to rid the animal of worms, it is necessary to consult with a veterinarian in order not to harm the pet and to quickly cure parasitic worms. After all, sometimes you don’t even know the correct diagnosis, what catworms look like in cats - to say nothing about medications. And the situation is quite dangerous, because if there are too many large individuals, which, dying, decompose, the animal may die.
Only a specialist can determine whether the identified symptoms are precisely the defeat of worms, or another reason. A veterinarian will teach how to get worms from a cat without causing harm to it. It will be prescribed a complex treatment with special drugs that will help cleanse the body during intoxication, as well as antihistamine medicines. This is done not on the "chance", but only after laboratory examination of feces. Remedies for cats worms are not always suitable for a specific situation, because they contain a certain amount of active substances.
Treatment of cat worms at home
If you are sure that the cat has worms, the veterinarian will still need treatment, and you will be required to strictly follow all its instructions. Too much importance is the correct diagnosis, and to give the prescribed treatment-and-prophylactic drugs to your pet, of course, be able to independently.
Tragic cases were observed when, after reading incorrect information about how to combat helminths in cats, the owners fed medicines to sick animals, and they died from poisoning. For example, some catworms for cat worms are effective against tapeworms, while others are round.
Protection and prevention
Absolutely protect your pet from worms unreal. But you can stop their reproduction, while maintaining their health, because the worms in cats are transmitted to humans. Domestic cats once every 4 months, and street cats once every 3 months are given complex preparations. Warming up of adult animals is done no later than 2 weeks before vaccination. Effective from worms for cats drops "Profender", which is applied to the withers. You can also use drugs "Canquantel", "Prazitsid", "Drontal" and others.
Hygiene measures must be observed: after emptying your beloved pet into the home pot, remove the feces immediately, after cleaning the pot, wash your hands. In addition, it is desirable to exclude from the diet of the cat cheese, raw meat or fish.
A loving owner is always sad if his pet is sick, because he treats him like his child. Therefore, you should always try to prevent an unpleasant and dangerous situation and monitor the health and behavior of the cat, not forgetting about periodic prevention. If you are not lazy, your pet will always be healthy!
How does a cat become infected with worms
Adult worms, their eggs and larvae are constantly in the environment: in the grass, in the ground, everywhere on the roads, on the streets, in parks, etc. Even under the condition of keeping the cat in an exclusively domestic environment - this does not guarantee that she will not become infected with worms. In this case, they will be brought into the house on human clothes and the soles of shoes.
Also increases the risk of invasion (infection) with:
- feeding a mustache pet raw meat, fish and water from a water supply system,
- the presence of blood-sucking cutaneous parasites (fleas and lick eaters),
- contact with infected cats,
- contact with objects contaminated with helminth eggs,
- the presence of worms in a pregnant cat, which in utero can infect kittens.
Mechanical damage is applied in the process of fixing the worms on the internal mucous membranes with the help of their devices - hooks, teeth, spikes. Also during the movement of parasites between organs and tissues their integrity is disturbed with the formation of bleeding. Also one of the types of mechanical damage is the complete and partial blockage of the intestinal lumen with parasitic bunches.
Whole body intoxication
In the process of vital activity of parasitic worms, signs of general intoxication of the body gradually increase. Poisoning is caused by the decay products of the tissues within which helminths live. Also here are toxic substances formed from the natural death and decomposition of adult worms.
Complications of bacterial and viral infections
Worm invasions severely affect the immunity of the animal, thereby complicating the course of viral or bacterial infections. Very often, worms are the impetus for the exacerbation of various diseases that were in a "dormant" state. Also microtraumas of the mucous membranes caused by worms in the process of consolidation and movement, become the open gate for pathogens of various infections.
Specific localization is the correspondence of the type of helminth and the place of its usual parasitism. Localization location may be:
- gastrointestinal tract,
- hepato-biliary system (liver and biliary tract),
- lungs or heart
In some cases, helminths end up in organs unusual for their development cycle. This is perverted localization. With this kind of disease, the parasite worm cannot complete its full developmental cycle and get into its usual place of vital activity. However, the body is still in a certain discomfort from infection.
The stomach with intestines (roundworms - roundworm and toxocars) and liver (liver flukes) are most often affected.
With transit localization, the passage of eggs and larvae of helminths in transit through the body is noted, never stopping anywhere and not affecting the body. The presence of worms in such cases is detected by chance in the feces or in the study of the body for other diseases, but there is no clinical picture of the presence of parasites in the cat's body.
General and specific signs of helminthic invasion in cats
How to understand that cats have worms? Clinical signs confirming that the animal is infected with parasites are quite diverse and specific. Symptoms of manifestation depend on:
- types of worms,
- their location,
- the general health of the animal at the time of infection, its age and size,
- duration of infection.
Common signs characteristic of any type of invasion include:
- general depression,
- perversion, a significant decrease or complete lack of appetite,
- dull, falling hair,
- accumulation in the corners of the eyes of dried crusts with no signs of inflammation,
- indigestion with signs of diarrhea, constipation and vomiting,
- signs of intestinal obstruction,
- a sharp decline in immunity,
- abdominal distention and the acquisition of a barrel shape,
- detecting blood in the feces
- obvious signs of anemia (whiteness of mucous membranes and skin),
- infected kittens from the same litter are lagging behind in development and growth from healthy,
- convulsions from intoxication,
- detection of worms or their fragments in vomit or fecal masses.
Specific signs of damage by worms:
- abdominal distention and rounding,
- signs of dehydration,
- changes in appetite, -
- frequent vomiting with the detection of worms,
- deterioration of wool.
- pronounced anemia,
- bleeding in the intestines,
- diarrhea with blood
- abdominal pain, soreness when feeling,
- kittens may die.
- lethargy and general oppression,
- weight loss from falling interest in food,
- vomiting (sometimes with worms or their fragments).
The most vivid symptoms of worms are observed in kittens due to a weak immune system and the general body resistance. Death from infection with worms is also most often observed in small animals.
Basic rules for taking drugs for worms:
- most modern means are given once in the morning without a starvation diet,
- for severe infections, it is recommended to take the drug in 10-14 days (in accordance with the instructions for the preparation),
- deworming must be carried out after treatment for fleas, lashing eaters, and other cutaneous blood-sucking parasites,
- medications for cat worms are given no later than 10 days before the planned date of vaccination,
- anthelmintic drugs are usually prescribed to pregnant cats not later than 3 weeks before giving birth, and to nursing ones - not earlier than 3 weeks after giving birth,
- there are no drugs allowed for very small kittens (less than 3 weeks old),
- it is forbidden to increase the dosage established by the instruction,
- antiparasitic drugs are not given to sick and weakened animals,
- Also, generally, a tonic is found at the same time as taking a medication against worms, and after 4-6 hours any absorbent is given to minimize the effect of intoxication on the body from the death of worms.
Many worms in cats are transmitted to humans, therefore, in the event that worms are found in cats, it is recommended that preventive de-worming be carried out to all family members who have had contact with a pet.
Cats are forbidden to give human drugs, therefore, only the veterinarian determines how to treat cats for worms. Especially since the range of veterinary parasite drugs is huge!
Folk remedies to combat worms in cats
There is a mass of popular recipes against worms in cats, but, in addition to the therapeutic effect (not proven), the animal may have a lot of side effects. This is explained by the fact that folk remedies can not kill the worms, but increase their activity due to the discomfort they create. At the moments of increased activity, helminths begin to migrate sharply, which creates increased injuries in the internal organs and tissues, provokes internal bleeding and intestinal blockage due to their massive accumulation in one place.
All the recommendations listed below are for informational purposes only. Not considered as a guide to action!
- Insist onion cut in four parts in warm boiled water overnight and water the cat on an empty stomach in the morning for 7-10 days.
- Drink during the day instead of water with broth of fennel or pharmacy chamomile.
- Give water infusion of tansy twice or thrice a day 30-60 minutes before meals.
- Twice a day, apply alcoholic tincture of wormwood for 30-60 minutes before a meal.
- Enemas with the use of carrot juice once a day for a week.
Prevention of helminthic invasions
For prophylactic purposes, the same anthelmintic drugs are used as for therapeutic purposes. Periodicity: once a quarter (3 months) and necessarily after treatment from fleas (after 3-5 days), because skin blood-sucking parasites can infect cats with worms.
In addition to drug prevention, it is recommended:
- keep cats in acceptable sanitary conditions with regular washing dishes for eating and drinking, as well as cleaning the toilet,
- minimize or negate the communication of pets with street pets,
- exclude cat feeding with raw meat and fish products, use distilled or clean table water for drinking,
- carry out regular cleaning of the scratching posts and places of the main stay of the animal using special disinfectants,
- regularly carry out general cleaning in the room / apartment / house where the cat lives.
Worm eggs are everywhere. Even a domestic cat runs the risk of becoming infected.
Every cat owner should be aware of the danger of worm infection of the animal. Their eggs can be anywhere - in parks, gardens, squares, courtyards. There is a high risk that helminth eggs are brought into the house on clothes or shoes, so even cats and kittens can never become infected with internal parasites, which never leave the living quarters.
Symptoms of infection and harm caused by worms
Worms in cats cause enormous damage to the animal's body, reducing its immunity, disrupting the metabolism and damaging the internal organs. Symptoms:
- Problems with appetite,
- General lethargy
- Problems with the chair,
- Loss of hair, its dullness,
- Itching around the anus,
- Discharge from the eyes.
Against the background of infection with worms, the course of other diseases is more severe. The presence of parasites can cause dystrophy of internal organs and anemia. The diagnosis of these diseases is made by identifying helminth eggs in feces. With severe contamination of kittens, helminths can cause blockages and rupture of the intestinal walls, causing the animal to die.
Domestic pets have helminthiasis common with humans (diseases caused by helminths), so infected cats are a serious danger to humans, especially for children. Children spend a lot of time with their pets, kiss them, they may not wash their hands before eating after talking with animals.
Nematodes are roundworms, often parasitic in the cat's gastrointestinal tract, and they can also affect other organs. Diseases caused by nematodes are called “nematodes”. The animal becomes infected with nematodes when ingested eggs of worms. A pregnant cat infected with some intestinal worms will give the larvae to their kittens. The common diseases caused by roundworms are toxascaridoz and toxocarosis.
Cestodes - tapeworms, parasites in the intestines of cats. Helminths attach to the intestinal wall, damaging its mucosa, feed on blood. Tapeworms are more common in adult cats.
Dipilidiosis (cucumber tapeworm), teniasis, diphyllobotriasis are the most common diseases that cause cestodes.
Cats are infected with tapeworms by eating freshwater raw fish and small rodents, by ingesting insect vectors of cestode larvae.
Veterinary doctors recommend every year to vaccinate a pet. One of the conditions for vaccination is pretreatment of the animal from worms. Prevention is necessary so that the body forms a complete immunity after vaccination. The presence of worms in the body during vaccination can significantly reduce the protective effect of vaccination. De-worming a cat 10 days before vaccination will help to avoid such unpleasant consequences.
Prevention of worms in cats
The main measures for the prevention of helminth infection in cats:
- Compliance with the rules of keeping and feeding cats, proper care for them,
- Protecting cats from intermediate hosts and carriers,
- Preventing cats feeding raw meat and fish products and their waste,
- Regular disinfection of animal care products and their maintenance,
- Regular implementation of preventive deworming of cats.
- Regular disinfection of animal care products and their maintenance,
- Regular implementation of preventive deworming of cats.
To prevent helminth infection, family members must strictly observe the rules of personal hygiene, be sure to wash their hands after talking with animals.
Learn about the effects of worms in cats
- Metabolic disease. Helminthiasis in cats disrupts the metabolism.
- Deficiency of vitamins in the pet. Parasitic in the body of the animal, the worms absorb nutrients. As a result, the cat does not receive enough vitamins, minerals, proteins from food.
- Intestinal dysbiosis. The waste products of parasites lead to intestinal dysbiosis.
- Reduced immunity. The immunity of an infected animal decreases, therefore infectious diseases are more difficult and more difficult to treat.
Worms affect the tissues of the organs in which they are parasitic. With the help of various devices they are attached to the intestinal walls, provoke inflammatory processes and tissue death. With its growth, they squeeze the adjacent tissues, as a result of which the blood supply is disturbed.
How to choose the right drug for deworming
De-worming is a procedure aimed at preventing and destroying worms in an animal's body with the help of anthelmintic drugs.
Modern anthelmintic drugs can contain one active ingredient, the active substance of which is intended to eliminate a certain type of worms, or several active components that provide a complex effect on various species.
Cats can be infected as one type of parasite, or several, so it is better to choose a drug that has a wide spectrum of action on all types and stages of development of worms.
Prazitel - a broad-spectrum drug for the health of your pet
Many cat breeders and owners trust the broad-spectrum drug Prazitel. The drug is recommended for use by veterinarians.
Competitive advantages of the drug Prazitel:
- Prazitel acts on all types and stages of development of worms in cats and kittens,
- The therapeutic effect occurs in 95-100% of cases with a single use of the drug,
- The drug is well tolerated by cats and kittens of all breeds and is recommended for the prevention and treatment of pregnant and lactating females,
- The drug is completely excreted from the animal after 24 hours.
How to apply prazitel
Prazitel is given to the cat, as a rule, once during the morning feeding with a small amount of feed (in a piece of meat, sausage) or forcibly (the tablet is placed on the root of the tongue, the suspension is applied using a dosing syringe). Pre-starvation diet and the use of laxatives is not required. In the presence of obvious clinical signs of infection with worms, the treatment is repeated after 10 days.
Treatment must be carried out not only with the medical purpose in identifying the disease, but also with prophylactic.
Cats can be infected as one type of parasite, or several, so it is better to choose a drug that has a wide spectrum of action on all types and stages of development of worms.
Symptoms of helminthiasis in kittens
Worms in a kitten are especially dangerous, as infection with helminthiasis at the age of up to three weeks precludes the use of medications and is one of the most common causes of death for young animals. At the early stages of infection, the signs of worms in kittens may be almost completely absent, which excludes the possibility of timely detection of invasion.
In the later stages of worm infestation, kittens may experience symptoms such as:
- Discharge from the eyes, lack of appetite, growth retardation.
- Drowsiness, lack of activity and mobility.
- The appearance of problems with the chair: diarrhea, diarrhea, no stool.
Bloating. As a rule, similar signs of the presence of worms at an early age in a cat indicate a significant number of parasites in the animal's body. This situation leads to intestinal blockage, which prevents the natural discharge of feces and cleansing the body.
Important! Timely detection of worm infestation is the key to successful treatment. A long course of the disease in the absence of the necessary medical procedures can lead to the death of the animal.
Signs of Helminthiasis in Cats and Cats
As mentioned above, the symptoms of worms in cats depend on the duration of helminthiasis, as well as the age characteristics of the animal. As a rule, the timely diagnosis of helminthic invasion is somewhat complicated by the lack of characteristic symptoms. However, the characteristic signs of worms in cats that cause parasites can be the following:
- Change the appearance of the animal. If the cat has worms, symptoms such as: tousled and dull hair, fragile and brittle teeth and claws are not excluded.
- If there is suspicion of helminthiasis, it is recommended to examine the mucous tissues of the animal, that is, the oral cavity and eyes. Infection with parasites often provokes the appearance of painful changes: yellowness and dryness of mucous tissues, whitish plaque.
- There are purulent discharge from the eyes and nose.
- Parasites in cats that affect the organs of the respiratory system, can cause symptoms such as: cough, heavy breathing, wheezing.
- Disorders of the digestive system of various kinds: problems with the stool, lack of appetite or, on the contrary, a sharp increase in it, weight loss.
- The behavior of the animal changes significantly, the cat becomes lethargic, refuses to play, sleeps a lot.
- The animal is worried about severe itching of the anus, which makes the cat vigorously rub the back of the body on the floor and floor coverings.
- In cats in a state of pregnancy, premature labor is possible.
Thus, worms in cats can cause various symptoms, and treatment should be prescribed only after the diagnosis has been confirmed by a veterinarian. It is not recommended to try to cure helminthiasis by choosing drugs for worms.
How to identify parasites
How to find out if a cat or a cat has worms? At present, it is possible to determine the presence of parasites in the animal's organism only by the results of a coprological study, that is, an analysis of the feces of a cat or cat. It is advisable to check the animal for the possibility of infection with helminthiasis at the onset of any, even the most insignificant symptoms.
It should be noted that to identify the worms in the early stages of infection is almost impossible using the method of research feces, due to the specifics of the life of most species of parasites. When a negative result is obtained, it is advisable to repeat the study approximately two to three weeks after the first analysis.
Important! To avoid helminthiasis or to start the treatment of worms in cats and cats in time, it is recommended to systematically take an animal's feces for analysis. This measure will help eliminate possible complications of helminthiasis.
Features of the treatment of invasion
Currently, on the shelves of specialized stores are various drugs that will help rid the animal of worm infestation. Before using any means, you should show the pet to the veterinarian and conduct the necessary research, otherwise there is a high probability that there will be no positive results from the use of medications.
Also, before treating an animal, you should consider some of the features, including the following situations:
- If helminthic invasion was detected in a pregnant cat, it is undesirable to use any antihelmintic drugs. This is due to the fact that most drugs contain in their composition toxic substances that can have a negative impact on the state of the cat and offspring. What to do in this situation? There are medicines that can be used even for pregnant cats, but only in the first half of pregnancy. Before using such products should show the animal to the doctor.
- Прежде чем лечить глисты, то есть давать животному лекарственные средства, рекомендуется не кормить питомца в течение минимум десяти часов. It is not recommended to carry out additional procedures, for example, give laxatives to the animal or use enemas, unless otherwise indicated in the instructions for the medicine.
- It is necessary to correctly calculate the dosage of the medication in accordance with the size and weight of the cat. An incorrect amount of the drug can lead to undesirable consequences.
What to do if some time after treatment, the worms in cats appeared again - repeated treatment in such a situation is mandatory. To avoid this, it is recommended to re-give the animal a drug after two weeks from the moment of the first dose of the medicine.
What should I do if the worms have been identified in the cat? To begin with, an animal feces analysis should be conducted to identify the type of parasites. This is necessary in order to determine the most appropriate drug in one case or another. Currently on the market are various anti-parasitic drugs, the most effective among which are:
It should be noted that you should buy any medicines only in veterinary pharmacies. Tablets and suspensions purchased at questionable points of sale, can not only not bring the desired result, but also cause significant harm to the animal.
How to give the drug
If the analysis showed that the cat has worms, it is necessary to carry out treatment, observing a number of basic rules:
- If the cat or cat has worms, give the animal any medication should be only after consulting a veterinarian.
- Treat only a healthy animal. It is not recommended to subject a sick cat to forced starvation, which is often mandatory during the treatment process, as well as to the effects of toxic anthelmintic drugs.
- It is necessary to monitor the defecation of the animal. If the cat did not go to the toilet after three to four hours from the moment of taking the drug, the probability of intoxication of the animal is high. In this case, the use of any laxative is acceptable.
Important! In order to avoid negative consequences, it is necessary to give the animal any medication, following the dosage prescribed in the instructions or recommended by the veterinarian.
Prevention of helminthiasis
Prevention of helminthiasis will help avoid cat parasites. Animal owners should pay special attention to a number of the following aspects:
- The most common infection occurs when the animal eats raw foods, including: meat, fish, and vegetables. To prevent infection in this way, it is recommended to feed your pet with specialized food or pre-boil food.
- If the cat is kept at home, it is not advisable to let it go outside. Contact with insects, small rodents and stray animals is also one of the most common ways of helminthic invasion.
- You should not give the cat to drink water from open natural sources.
- Once every several months, an anthelmintic medication should be given to a cat kept at home as a preventive measure. It is recommended to give those funds that will appoint a veterinarian.
- It is necessary to monitor the condition of the pet's hair, even if the cat is not on the street, you should periodically wash and comb the pet's fur coat. This rule is especially relevant for long-haired breeds.
Do not forget that the majority of intestinal and other parasites are dangerous not only for cats, but also for humans. If you find worms in cats there is a chance of infection with helminth infection of the owner of the animal. That is why it is necessary not only to treat the animal in a timely manner, but also to pay attention to the timely prevention of helminthic invasion.
The video provides information on how to recognize the parasites of a cat:
Worms in children
- What are worms than dangerous for the child's body?
- Symptoms - is there any worms in a child?
- Tests for worms
- Treatment of worms in children
- Drugs - what can you give a child from worms?
- Folk remedies
- Transfer of Dr. Komarovsky
- Prevention of parasites
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Worms in a child - a common problem, because children often ignore the rules of personal hygiene: they eat unwashed fruits, as well as vegetables, do not wash their hands before eating, come into contact with sand, earth, when they play outside. Another factor at high risk of infection is the rapid spread of helminths transmitted from person to person in children's groups. Worm invasion adversely affects the health and development of children, therefore, in case of diagnosing parasites, caring parents are obliged to start adequate treatment.
What are worms than dangerous for the child's body?
The symptomatology and method of treating helminthic invasion is determined by the type of parasite that struck the child's body.
Helminths are divided into 3 types:
- Nematodes or as they are also called roundworms - their body in the section has a round shape. This group includes roundworms, hookworms, trichinella. The sizes of these parasites vary from 4-5 mm to 18-45 cm. The smallest are pinworms, the largest are roundworm. How they look - look at the photo.
Round worms parasitize mainly in the intestines, but in the process of development they live in different organs, mechanically damaging them. It is nematodes that most often affect the body of children. Their eggs are on unwashed foods and in unpurified water. Pinworms spread especially quickly. Their mature individuals lay thousands of eggs almost every day, for the maturation of which no special conditions are required. They are on household items, toys, contacting with which the child and other family members are infected.
- Trematodes or flukes - the body of these worms is shaped like a leaf. It is flat and wide, in length can reach 1.5 m. Helminths of this type have on the body of the sucker, used to attach to the surface of internal organs, ducts, sucking useful substances, blood.
Trematodes include cat and liver fluke, schistosomes. For development, they need to change the owner several times. Most often in the role of intermediate hosts are fish, mollusks.
Children become infected with these worms when they eat fish, as well as seafood that has not undergone sufficient heat treatment. These worms can be localized in any organs: from the intestines and bile ducts to the eyes.
- Cestodes or tapeworms - worms with a flat body, the length of which can reach 18-10 m. This group includes tapeworm, bovine, swine and dwarf chains, echinococcus. They undergo one stage of development in the body of the intermediate host. Most often these are ungulates. It is possible to become infected with tapeworms by eating the affected meat, which has not been properly heat treated.
Parasitic tapeworms in the intestines or other organs. In particular, echinococcus affects any organs, including the heart, liver, brain. They can live for decades, poisoning the body.
Infection with any kind of worms is extremely dangerous for children. The intensity and effects of damage are determined by the type and number of helminths in the body, as well as the age and health of the baby.
A particularly important role in protecting the body is the state of the immune system.
Worm invasion in young children causes a developmental lag. Helminths constantly absorb beneficial substances. As a result, even if the child is fully fed, there are necessary vitamins in the diet, as well as trace elements, they are not absorbed by the body, since they are absorbed by the parasites. Because of this, the kid is sick, exhaustion begins. Huge harm to the children's body bring large helminths. Their accumulation can provoke intestinal obstruction, bile ducts.
Worms are very toxic, because in the process of life they produce an enormous amount of harmful substances. They poison the body, provoke the development of allergic reactions, rashes. Also, toxins adversely affect the state of the nervous system. A child with worms starts to act up, his mood often changes, he can be aggressive, sleep poorly.
Given such a tremendous harm to the baby, parents should know the signs of helminth infections in order to be able to get rid of parasites in a timely manner, to preserve the health of the child.
Symptoms - is there any worms in a child?
The symptoms of worms in children are often clearly pronounced. The more worms in the body, the more intense the signs of infection.
Typical signs of helminthic invasion:
- deterioration of general well-being,
- instability of the emotional state - capriciousness, tearfulness, irritability,
- weight loss or complete exhaustion on the background of increased appetite,
- strong salivation,
- digestive disorders - diarrhea, constipation,
- nausea, vomiting,
- abdominal pain, especially in the navel,
- bronchitis, asthma.
The above symptoms are characteristic of infection with any worms. But many types of helminth infections have special characteristics. According to the presence of certain signs, we can assume infection with a specific type of worms.
Symptoms of infection with the most common types of worms:
- Pinworms cause severe itching around the anus. It is especially enhanced at night when the worms crawl out to lay eggs. Other symptoms of enterobiasis include gnashing of teeth, anxious sleep, and dysbacteriosis. Also, pinworm infection can provoke enuresis, exacerbation of appendicitis, inflammation of the organs of the genitourinary system in girls.
- Ascaris provoke a strong allergy, since they emit a lot of toxins. Also, their infection leads to an increase in lymph nodes, spleen, fever, fever. These worms often provoke bronchitis, asthma, hypotension, flatulence, and constipation. Children suffer from mental disorders, in particular, epileptic seizures, photophobia. Often there is asthenia, deterioration of concentration.
- Whipworms - provoke indigestion, asthenia, developmental delay.
- Feline fluke - due to this parasite develop strong allergic reactions, rashes on the skin. The temperature rises, the child suffers from a nutritional deficiency.
- Chains are manifested by severe abdominal pains, intestinal obstruction and anemia are often diagnosed. One of the typical signs is a bloom on the surface of the tongue in white.
Especially difficult to determine the presence of worms in an infant, because he can not complain about feeling unwell. Parents should be alarmed by excessive capriciousness, poor sleep, increased salivation, constipation, and skin rashes. Among the characteristic signs of helminth infection are a slow weight gain, pallor of the skin and the formation of bruises under the eyes.
If you find signs characteristic of helminthic invasion, it is important to consult a doctor. A pediatrician or an infectious disease specialist, a parasitologist, will help identify the worms and carry out effective treatment.
Tests for worms
To understand whether there are worms in the body of the child, special tests will help. Their implementation is necessary because the symptoms of helminthic invasion are typical for other diseases.
To confirm or refute helminthic invasion prescribed:
- Examination of feces - in the feces are found eggs of worms and fragments of mature worms. This analysis is effective for identifying round worms and some types of cestodes, trematodes. The effectiveness of this method is 30-40%, so to obtain an objective result, it should be carried out three times, maintaining an interval of several days. For the analysis selected morning excrement. The material is placed in a sterile tank and transferred to the laboratory.
- Smear or scrape helps determine the presence of pinworms. To carry it out with the help of a cotton swab, a biomaterial is taken from the area of the anus and perineum. In it, pinworm eggs are detected. The procedure is carried out in the morning before swimming. If the result is negative, the analysis should be repeated again 2-4 times.
- Complete blood count - a worm invasion may indicate an increase in the concentration of eosinophils against a background of lower hemoglobin levels. Blood is given from a vein, on an empty stomach.
- ELISA is one of the most accurate types of research. Antibodies are produced in the blood and are produced by the body in response to infection with a specific type of parasite. To identify each type of worms analysis is carried out separately. For research suitable blood taken on an empty stomach from a vein. The accuracy of the result exceeds 95%. Its main disadvantage is relatively high cost.
Among the additional methods for diagnosing helminthic invasion, computed tomography, radiography, and ultrasound are most often used. With their help, it is possible to establish the place of localization and the number of worms.
Treatment of worms in children
When diagnosing worms in children, they must be removed as soon as possible. But you should not immediately resort to taking anthelmintic drugs. It is necessary to treat the child in stages.
Stages of effective treatment for worms:
- Preparatory - aims to maximize the purification of toxins that poison the children's body. This will help reception of sorbents and vegetable oils, which activate the excretion of the vital processes of parasites.
The optimal treatment regimen at this stage is to give a child a teaspoon of pumpkin or linseed oil before each meal. After eating three times a day is to take sorbents. Enterosgel has a good reputation.
This stage lasts 5-7 days. They should not be neglected, since cleansing will help prepare the body for anthelminthic therapy, and will help to get rid of parasites as quickly as possible.
- Immediately antihelminthic therapy, involving the administration of anthelmintic tablets or suspensions. What kind of drugs, and in what doses the doctor should decide. Only he can choose the method of treatment that is most effective and safe in each particular case. When selecting a medicine, it takes into account the age as well as the condition of the child, the type of invasion and the degree of infection.
When giving the child anthelmintic drugs, it is extremely important to strictly follow the dosage and complete the course prescribed by the doctor. If you increase the dose, it can adversely affect the state of health, causing the manifestation of side effects. Dose reduction will not lead to the desired effect and will not get rid of parasites.
- The recovery stage - after using the tablets to remove the parasites, it is important not to stop the treatment. It is necessary to restore the normal functioning of the child's body with the help of medicines and vitamin complexes, selected by the doctor individually. The most commonly prescribed drugs are those that contribute to the normalization of metabolic processes, the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, which activate the immune system and compensate for the deficiency of beneficial substances important for the development of the organism.
During all stages of treatment, it is important to follow a diet. From the diet of the child should be excluded sweet, fried, fat, flour. The basis of the food should be vegetable soups, fruits, vegetables, cereals. It is useful to drink fresh juices, especially pumpkin, pomegranate and carrot.
It is possible to treat a child with pharmacological preparations (a great overview of children's medications). It is only important to choose a medicine appropriate for age. It is also worth resorting to the methods of traditional medicine, they are effective as an additional means of treatment.
Consider the basic medicines and folk recipes that will help get rid of worms in a child.
Drugs - what can you give a child from worms?
Of the pills against worms, which are permissible to give children, most often appointed:
- Piperazine is effective against nematodes and can even be administered to newborns. These tablets, containing the active ingredient Adipinate Piperazine, have practically no contraindications, so they can be given to babies up to 1 year old. They do not differ in high efficiency, but they will get rid of pinworms. The dose is determined individually by the doctor. The price of the drug - from 25 rubles.
- Nemozol is an anthelmintic drug containing Albendazole. For children whose age is 2 years or more, it is better to choose not a pill, but a suspension. At an earlier age, this medicine is not prescribed. The drug helps to get rid of roundworms. A single dose of the medication is enough. Children are given 10 ml of suspension during meals. The price of the drug - from 220 rubles.
- Pyrantel - tablets with the active ingredient Pyrantel, which destroys roundworms, in particular ascaris, pinworms. You can give to children who are 3 years old. The dose is determined by the doctor depending on the type of invasion, as well as age. The price of tablets - from 25 rubles.
- Levamisole - contains the same active component Levamisole. Уничтожает круглых червей, назначается при смешанных заражениях. Можно давать ребёнку с 5 лет, придерживаясь дозировки, назначенной доктором. Цена препарата – от 90 руб.
- Гельминтокс – назначается детям с 7 лет. Содержит активное вещество Пирантел и выпускается в форме таблеток, а также суспензии. This drug kills worms at different stages of development. The dose is determined by the doctor. The price of the drug - from 85 rubles.
To improve the effectiveness of antihelminthic therapy will help folk remedies. They are prepared on the basis of plants with anthelmintic properties: yarrow, sweet flag, garlic, onion, fennel, pumpkin, pepper. They make broths, infusions, medicinal masses.
Effective folk recipes:
- From pinworms will help flaxseed and hemp oil. It should be given to 1 teaspoon three times a day before meals, until the child is cleansed of worms.
- Pumpkin seeds help with almost all types of worms. Pumpkin milk is prepared from seeds. They are passed through a meat grinder and filled with 2 cups of boiling water. The composition should be boiled in a water bath, and then insist 3 hours. The number of seeds depends on the age of the children: up to 7 years, 150 g is enough, for 8-10 years - 200 g, older than 10 years - 300 g. Ready milk is given to children three times a day for 30 minutes before a meal in a teaspoon until the body is cleansed of parasites .
- From roundworms will help freshly squeezed carrot juice. In a glass of juice you need to add 2 tablespoons of honey. Give 2 tablespoons twice a day until recovery. Carrot juice can be replaced with pomegranate juice, pineapple, radish, cabbage.
- Grind 3 cloves of garlic and dilute with a glass of milk. The child should drink this mixture for the day. The treatment course lasts 3 days.
- Cleansing enemas can help from pinworms and ascaris. For their preparation you need to boil 2-3 cloves of garlic in a glass of milk. Cool this broth and make an enema overnight for 7 days.
Traditional recipes are safer than pharmacological drugs. But they also need to be taken carefully, given the age of the child and the characteristics of his body.
Transfer of Dr. Komarovsky
Much attention is paid to the treatment of worms, Dr. Komarovsky. He argues that, solving the problem of infection with worms, you should think as rationally as possible. Komarovsky agrees with the WHO statement that taking anti-helminth drugs for prophylaxis is justified only if the child lives in a country with an unfavorable social situation.
In a country with a normal economic and social situation, you must first pass tests that allow to identify worms. If they confirmed the fact of infection, then it is necessary to start anthelmintic therapy with the use of drugs effective against the identified type of parasite. More information you will learn by viewing the video.
Prevention of parasites
Minimize the likelihood of helminth infestation of children will help regular adherence to preventive measures. If children adhere to a number of simple rules, the risk of invasion will be reduced by several times.
The main measures for the prevention of helminth infections:
- personal hygiene, from an early age, the child must be taught to wash hands, vegetables, and fruits,
- monitor the cleanliness of children's toys, nipples, they must be regularly treated with boiling water,
- always trim the child's nails so that no dirt accumulates under them
- iron baby clothes after washing,
- Give the baby thoroughly washed vegetables and fruits, it is desirable to boil them,
- meat, fish must always undergo sufficient heat treatment,
- walk with the child only in those places where dogs do not walk,
- give the baby only purified water,
- do not allow your child to swim in standing water,
- after the walk, wash the paws of the pet, since, while walking outside, they can bring the eggs of worms and spread them around the apartment,
- provide your child with good nutrition,
- do house cleaning in the house regularly.
In extreme cases, for the prevention of the child can be given Kombantrin, Pyrantel, Vormin, Albendazole. Preventive therapy is important to coordinate with the doctor.
When parasites appear in the child's body, it is almost always noticeable, because the emotional state and general well-being change in the negative direction. Parents need to be vigilant to monitor the behavior of the baby, and if minimal suspicion of infection with worms occurs, consult a doctor. Repel treatment is not worth it, because any kind of helminthiasis is a very dangerous disease, causing great health problems.
Symptoms and treatment of worms in cats
Worms in cats are observed much more often than in humans. Particularly often, parasites infect animals that can freely walk on the street, but at the same time, infection with worms cannot be ruled out from cats who are constantly in the apartment.
It is worth noting that the worms in the cat must be treated, as many parasites that infect these animals can quickly spread to humans. It is especially important to treat parasitic invasions, if children live in the house, as they are most often infected with worms from animals, therefore, when the first signs of the problem appear, the cats should be treated comprehensively.
How do cats become infected with parasites?
In fact, the ways of infecting domestic felines are quite diverse. In case the animal has free access to the street, it can swallow parasite eggs during:
- eating herbs,
- while drinking from a puddle,
- eating worms infected with worms
- eating insects.
In addition, animals can become infected with worms during active games, because when a hunting instinct wakes up at a kennel, it can try any soft objects on the tooth during the game, and often dumps them in the dirt, if the whole process takes place outside.
Thus, the pet can quickly swallow a large number of worms. Reinfestation is not uncommon. The fact is that the infected cat continues to look after itself and licks the fur, including around the anus, where there can be eggs of the worms that left the body of the infected animal during a bowel movement.
The parasites of a cat living in the house and not having the possibility of placing the street, also can not be ruled out. The whole thing is, such pets still from time to time receive raw meat or fish as a supplement to the diet. This can be a fatal mistake of the owners of the animal, as the raw meat and fish often contain parasites. A cat, while playing in a house, can taste objects infected with worms on a tooth.
In fact, it is the owners of animals that do not have free access to the street, often know what the worms look like in cats, since if there are parasites, the animal can have small worms in its tray. Cat excrement on the subject of worms owners of animals that have free access on the street, usually can not be studied, so understand that a cat can parasites only by the symptoms.
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Symptomatic manifestations of cat infection with worms
If the owners of the cat are very attentive to her health, they can immediately notice the characteristic symptoms of worms. The thing is that the signs of worms in cats appear fairly quickly.
Worms during their vital activity do not just rob the animal's body, but also emit a large amount of toxic substances, which most negatively affect the health of the cat. When there is a parasitic invasion in cats, the symptoms increase quite rapidly. First of all, the animal begins to lose weight fairly quickly, and the fur ceases to look healthy, becoming dull. Parasites in cats can manifest causeless vomiting, abdominal distension, and impaired stool.
In some cases, worms in cats can manifest bad breath, loss of appetite or, conversely, the consumption of excessive amounts of food. If the immune system is weak, for example, if the animal is old, it is possible for the parasites to spread to other organs. In addition, muscles, livers, kidneys and lungs are often affected. The cat may become lethargic and lazy. In the absence of a targeted treatment, parasitic invasion in a cat can cause its premature death. Gradually, the problem may be exacerbated and the signs of worms in cats become more obvious. If the condition of the animal is rapidly deteriorating, only directed antiparasitic therapy can save his life.
Antiparasitic treatment methods
When worms appear in the cat, treatment is necessary immediately after the characteristic symptoms appear. Usually, antiparasitic drugs are used for this purpose, which allow you to quickly cure an animal if the cat has worms. If it is not possible to take the cat to the veterinary clinic and analyze its feces to determine the type of worms, antiparasitic preparations of a broad spectrum of action are usually used. Usually for deworming cats use drugs such as:
In some cases, treatment may be carried out with other antiparasitic drugs. For example, if there is an opportunity to turn to a veterinarian, he can prescribe more effective drugs of a narrow spectrum of action, which will treat the cat more effectively and safely.
Given that the risk of helminth infection in cats in cats is extremely high, many pet owners prefer to carry out prevention of parasitic invasions.
In some cases, the best solution to the problem will be vaccination, so that the worms in the cat would not start.
However, even this method allows you to prevent infection only with certain types of worms, while others can more successfully continue to harm the body of the animal.
More convenient and effective is the prophylactic use of anthelmintic drugs. To prevent worms in cats from appearing, it is necessary to give anthelmintic agents strictly on schedule, which should be agreed with the veterinarian. Parasites in cats that are often on the street are more common, so it is necessary to give anthelmintic drugs 1 time in 3 months. If the cat is constantly in the house, it can be carried out prophylactic antiparasitic treatment 1 time in 4-5 months.
Signs of helminthic invasion in a cat
Worms in cats is a common phenomenon. The problem deserves special attention because the body does not produce antibodies to eggs, larvae and adult worms. Infection with worms is a threat to human health, so it is important to determine the first symptoms of the presence of worms, and to understand that the pet is affected by a pest. Then assist him in the form of a veterinarian antihelminthic treatment.
Types of worms
Worm invasion in cats is a problem that veterinarians often face. What the worms look like in cats in feces should be familiar to each owner of the four-pet, in order to immediately seek the help of a specialist. There are several varieties of helminths, parasitic in the feline body.
The most common types of worms in cats:
- roundworms (nematodes),
- tape parasites (cestodes),
- flat worms (trematodes or flukes).
Nematodes are small worms, no longer than 2 cm. In advanced cases, the parasite reaches 10 cm in length, and causes the death of the animal. Among roundworms, the most common is ankylostoma, which is localized in the small intestine.
This species of worms feeds on the blood of its carrier, so infected cats suffer from anemia, which can be fatal. After 2 weeks, parasite eggs are detected in the kitten and adult specimens in the feces.
Tapeworms in cats consist of many segments, and reach 70 cm in length. The cat's body is used as an intermediate host. Mostly the worm is parasitic in the small intestine. In infected animals, on the fur around the anus and in the feces can be found segments of tapeworms that look like rice grains.
Flatworms in cats affect the lungs and liver. In some cases, this type of pest infestation can be asymptomatic. After the parasite gets into the lungs and hits the lung tissue, the pet develops a cough. Helminths, parasitic in the liver, violate its performance.
Causes of helminths in cats
Street cats can get worms anywhere. But for pets, there is also a risk of helminth damage. The reasons for the appearance of parasites in animals can be certain factors.
Raw food. Thermally unprocessed meats and fish may contain worms. In order to avoid contamination, products must undergo heat treatment. Also, helminth eggs are present in raw water.
Insects. The known distributors of the worm infestation are flies and fleas. Protect against fleas will allow a special collar. In a fly situation, it is forbidden for a cat to eat insects.
Contact with infected animals and objects infected with parasite eggs. Internal uterine lesion of kittens to worms from a pregnant cat.
Veterinarians recommend to observe preventive recommendations, and periodically give the animal light anthelmintic drugs in order to prevent complete infection.
Common symptoms of worms
In different animals, the signs of damage are different. Symptomatology is directly related to the type of parasite and the extent of the mammalian lesion. Often the initial stage of the disease is asymptomatic, however, the pests multiply rapidly, and soon the first signs of helminth infection appear.
Veterinarians emit some of the main signs of worms in cats, which are common to all types of pests:
- decrease or lack of appetite
- indigestion with symptoms of vomiting, alternating diarrhea with constipation,
- hair loss
- general depression,
- pallor of mucous membranes (anemia),
- the presence of worms in gag and feces,
- weight loss,
- the presence of blood in the feces
- discharge of fluid from the eyes in the absence of inflammation.
The presence of helminthic invasions in kittens is indicated by their retardation in development and growth compared with healthy animals. In pregnant cats, due to parasitic worms, abortions or premature birth occur. At the advanced stage of the disease in a mammal, paralysis of the hind limbs is observed.
Every owner needs to know how dangerous the presence of worms in a cat is, the symptoms and treatment of this disease are quite simple, you should follow the instructions of the veterinarian.
What is the danger of worms
The presence of helminthiasis in a cat is a threat not only to the animal, but also to humans. Since the parasites feed on the tissues of the organs and the lymph, there is a depletion of the body, a disorder of the activity of the digestive system, and a decrease in body weight.
In addition, roundworms throughout their life cycle emit toxic substances into the body, further poisoning and damaging tissues. They cause an allergic reaction.
The presence of worms in cats brings serious trouble to people. In particular, children.
Parasites can cause significant harm to health, they cause the following diseases:
- Diphyllobothriasis - is localized in the small intestine, growing to 10 meters in length.
- Echinococcosis and alveococcosis are an extremely dangerous disease. Worms can cause damage to internal organs.
- Opisthorchiasis affects the organs of the digestive system: liver, gallbladder, pancreas.
- Nematodes enter the body through the skin, affecting the liver and carrier blood.
For many years, the presence of the larvae of alveococcosis in a pet does not harm him. For the human body there is a mortal danger in the form of liver tumors, brain and lung metastases.
If there are signs of the presence of worms in cats, you should immediately seek the help of a specialist. In modern veterinary medicine, there are many methods of combating parasites and a wide range of anthelmintic drugs. Preference is given to universal medicines that have a powerful effect on most varieties of pests. Medical procedures can take place at home.
Many medicines have a minimal effect on the cat's body. And sometimes the side symptoms are not observed at all. The drug must be given to animals in the morning on an empty stomach.
Observe the dosage specified in the instructions for the drug, often calculated depending on the body weight of the mammal. The drug, produced in tablet form, in crushed form is added to cat food.
After 14 days, de-worming is repeated. It is better to evaluate the results of treatment after re-analysis, because with the absence of symptoms of helminthiasis, pest eggs could remain in the feline body.
Многие хозяева при лечении беременных кошек или котят предпочитают использовать народные средства, считая их более щадящими, по сравнению с химическими препаратами. Однако опытные заводчики наряду с ветеринарами не советуют такую методику терапии.
It is recommended that all members of the family be dewormed, as worms are transmitted from cat to man. It is forbidden to treat worms in animals with human means. Determine how to treat a pet can only a veterinarian.
Preventive deworming in adults and kittens should be made at least 4 times a year. Cat walking on the street, anthelmintics should be given more often. To reduce the risk of a pet canine, you must follow some rules.
- It is contraindicated to feed the cat with meat or fish that have not undergone heat treatment.
- To feed the animal to boiled or distilled water.
- Avoid contact with street cats.
- It is recommended to carry out regular wet cleaning in the living room.
- Produce antihelminthic treatment of the cat's place.
The prophylactic use of antiparasitic medications for ticks, fleas and worms is made 1 time in 3 months. First of all, fleas and ticks are destroyed, after 3 days - worms.
Compliance with these simple rules will avoid prolonged treatment and all sorts of complications. If the pet owner remembers which worms occur in cats, then at the first sign he will provide the necessary assistance and start therapy in a timely manner.