Tatra Shepherd Dog: appearance, standard, features of dog training


  • Other names: Podhalaner, Polski Owczarek Podhalański, Tatra dog, Polish Mountain Dog, Tatra Sheepdog, crotchet, Tatra.
  • Growth: females - 60 cm, males - 70 cm.
  • Weight: bitches - 45 kg, males up to 70 kg.
  • Color: only white.
  • Wool: thick, medium length with a dense soft undercoat.
  • Lifespan: up to 15 years.
  • Breed advantages: Gorgeous watchmen. Responsible nannies.
  • Difficulties: Extreme touchiness for injustice.
  • Price: $1250.

History of origin

By his the appearance in the mountainous region of the Tatras is due to nomadic tribes, wandered into the territory of Poland in the XV century. Progenitors of the breed - Tibetan molossy, and a close relationship with the East European wolf makes dogs truly unique.

History has long kept silent about the breeding of these universal animals. AND only in the late 30s of the last century did the Poles make public the existence of large, strong and enduring sheep-dogs pure white which able to guard the flocks and nurse the children, accompany the owner on long hikes, transport cargo and guard his property, home, family.

Breed destination

Tatra Shepherd Dog successfully used in special forces to save people under extraordinary circumstances. Dogs successfully master the rules of Canistherapyby helping in the treatment of children with disabilities. Another podgalyanki successfully carry guard duty in prisons.

Arriving at an unfamiliar place, the dogs are the first to bypass the territory, and only after they are convinced that there is no danger, they let people in there, helping to settle in and bringing things.

Calm and balanced owners of truly "steel" nerves, Polish shepherd dogs have one characteristic feature that completely distinguishes them from the whole world of shepherd dogs. it a kind of aggression. In these dogs surprisingly combines the gutlessness, boundless love for children and the average degree of aggression towards strangers.

Choosing a puppy

Tatra Shepherd Dog does not apply to rare breeds of dogs, but puppies are rarely sold. Simply, all litters are painted for a couple of years in advance, and it is not recommended to acquire a pedigree puppy by random ad.

To make sure the puppy breed, you need to meet with the parents of the litter. In dogs, sexual dimorphism is strongly pronounced - females are much smaller than males, but this does not affect the size of puppies.

Kids should be:

  • frisky and inquisitive,
  • no signs of rickets (bloating may cause worms),
  • with the right bite,
  • clean eyes, ears and a cool nose.

Puppies are prepared for relocation at the age of two months.. At this point, they put a chip or brand, and should be made two "adult" vaccinations.

As a rule, puppies at this age are already accustomed to a diaper to go to the toilet. It should be remembered that before traveling to a new home, the puppy must always measure the temperature.

Care and maintenance

Large and powerful animals least suitable for housing maintenance. But they are kept in apartments. Only walk more often and longer.

Reasonable by nature, puppies show skill and very quickly begin to ask the toilet on the street.

The presence of the plot does not mean that the kickers do not need to walk. They need to be brought “to the world” and socialize no less than other dogs. From puppy age podgalyantsa should be accustomed to the leash, collar and muzzle. Up to nine months of age, dogs are independently taught basic commands, and the general course of training begins in a year.

Like all rapidly growing puppies of gigantic breeds, a half-bat is required balanced diet. No wonder the breeders insist on a diet of ready-made industrial feed, additionally giving the dog seasonal fruits and vegetables.

Medium length grooming is infrequent but regular brushing.. Bathe rarely, but the ears are cleaned twice a week. It is very important to observe the regularity of seasonal treatments for blood-sucking insects - ticks, fleas and mosquitoes. Increasingly, veterinarians began to observe manifestations of dirofilariasis, a disease that is dangerous for the life of an animal and a human being spread by mosquitoes.


The toughest dogs in the world, the bravest and the most sensitive. They are calm and good-natured, but they are offended by the rudeness shown to them. And the nannies are probably the very best too.


We brought our happiness from the very top of the Polish mountains. She's just beautiful. Such a gentle, clever and guard. Very obedient and executive. We are almost 9 months old, and we will soon start working with a professional dog trainer-trainer.

Podgalyanskoj Shepherd Dogs and Photos

The dog is large, with strong bones. The musculature is well developed. The average height at the withers varies from 61 in bitches to 86.5 in males. The average weight of a dog - 70 kg, females - 65.

The dogs are powerful, but look rather compact. The body tends to a rectangular shape, in bitches it is a little more elongated. The dog is described as a classic shepherd: calm, balanced, intelligent, faithful, well controlling the situation in the space around him.

Breed standard

To date, all purebred "arresting" must comply with recognized standards of appearance:

  • Head. Strong, not excessively massive, clear silhouette, proud landing. The forehead is rounded, the dividing furrow is moderately pronounced, the transition to the nose is distinct, although somewhat smoothed. The length of the muzzle is approximately equal to the length of the skull from the forehead to the occiput. The "face" is rectangular, slightly constricted to the nose, dry. The back of the nose is wide, flat. The jaw is rounded. Lips do not sag, well pigmented, medium thickness.
  • Teeth. Developed, stand tight to each other. Required complete set. Mostly scissor bite, less straight. Other types of bite are considered a defect.
  • Nose. Only black, with large nostrils.

The color of the coat of the gadgets is strictly white, the coat is thick with a rich undercoat.

  • Ears. Planted at the level of the outer corner of the eye or slightly higher, lowered. Thick, triangular, mobile. Corners rounded, directed towards the muzzle. They concern it only with complete rest.
  • Eyes. Medium, proportionally set, slightly braced. The color of the iris is dark brown. Tight eyelids with good pigmentation.
  • Body. Strong, fits into a rectangle. The average length of the neck is clearly defined, with a pronounced bend and mane. Withers are pronounced, strong, with a clutch of thick, long hair. Chest classic depth to the elbows, wide. The back is not long, strong. The loin is not clearly marked. The croup is wide, with a slight slope to the tail. Belly tucked up or free.
  • Limbs. Smooth, not heavy. The muscles are well distinguished, the joints are strong. The shoulder blades are well defined, the joints are at the right angle, strong. The plusus joints have a slight inclination relative to the ground. In the stand, the hind legs are extended from the croup, powerful hips. Hocks set vertically. Rounded brushes end in strong, collected fingers. Interdigital space is reliably protected by short dense wool. The pads are fleshy, dense. The claws are thick, dark, curved.
  • Tail. Low set, lowered freely or located at the back level. The length is natural. Long, thick over the entire length. The tip is slightly bent.
  • Type of coat and color Podgalyantsev

    Ostev hair is hard, straight or slightly wavy. The undercoat is thick, full. The coat on the face and the front of the paws is short and dense. The chest, neck, tail and thighs are decorated with a longer hairline that forms a luxurious fluffy hair. On the front extremities behind the bottom (from the elbows to the brushes), the wool forms “feathers”.

    A dog of this breed can have only one color: white.

    In breeding allow only those animals whose exterior is fully consistent with the standard of the breed.

    Keep in mind! Spots of peach or beige are allowed in the breed, however, the appearance of the wool becomes untidy, dirty. For this reason, dogs with this feature are rarely allowed to exhibit and breed.

    Character and training dogs breed Podgalyansky shepherd

    Those who first saw the Polish Shepherd are sure that this is a ruthless cold-blooded killer who is only dreaming, as if imperceptibly “cutting” everyone around. But such an opinion is completely untrue. Podgalyansky Shepherd Dogs - calm, balanced, self-confident personality. A properly educated copy does not show aggression towards the weaker (and therefore, almost all). If a dog is forced into a fight, it will try to get away from a serious grip to the last.

    The representative of this breed prefers to simply suppress the enemy, forcing him to leave the territory. Mostly, the Tatras attack only in those cases when an outsider bursts into its own territory. Polish dogs usually do not bark or growl, but all their behavior clearly indicates what they think about outsiders and what they plan to do next.

    Podgalyansky shepherds - balanced and calm dogs, they show protective qualities only in the case of a real danger.

    Remembering the description of the breed, its history, it becomes clear that the main trait of the Polish Shepherd Dog is devotion. Shepherds had to be accompanied for months, a man and a dog could only communicate with each other, because sheep are working material in the eyes of a dog. As a result of such relationships, over the course of centuries, the host relationship was formed - the pet chooses the leader himself (more often it is the head of the family), he treats the rest of the family patronizingly - kindly.

    Interesting! To four-footed, living in the entrusted territory, the adult dog is quite loyal. However, someone else's pet that violated the borders may feel the wrath of Tatra.

    Polish Shepherd Dog gets along well with all members of the family, including children. This dog even today remains a school animal, therefore it feels better itself as a member of a large family / flock. She feels so well the helplessness of “human youngsters” that she will never harm him, even if the child annoys her severely, causing pain.

    Podgalyanskaya shepherd gets along well with all members of the family and pets.

    Sheepdog not only does not hurt the baby itself, but will not allow it to be done by strangers. At the same time, herding dogs are not nannies! therefore It is necessary to regularly remind children about the rules of handling and communicating with such animals.

    If a dog has been socialized since childhood, it does not see its enemies in others. At the same time, thanks to the innate instincts, the environment is always controlled by a snow-white guard. The dog is independent, prefers to make a decision before the owner's team, so during walks it is necessary to track the behavior of the pet, who is inclined to over-care for its leader.

    Very often shepherd dogs are considered difficult to educate, but this is completely untrue. It is just that one should not approach their education with a common pattern - the approach must be purely individual.

    She does everything for the shepherd dog, for the sake of the owner. For this reason alone she does not deserve rude to herself. However, she herself will not allow it. If you choose the wrong method of education, the animal may exhibit a rare stubbornness, not wanting to obey.

    Pay attention to other large breeds of dogs that do an excellent job with guarding the home and family:

    1. Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are powerful, bear-like dogs with thick hair.
    2. A companion, guard and loyal friend is the East European Shepherd.
    3. American Akita - a dog with a serious and tough character.

    To trainure was successful and easy, you need to achieve the confidence of the pet. It is not necessary to take a ZKS course and teach the Fas team to animals of this breed: the necessary skills are innate, and clearly pronounced. Tatras intuitively understand what method of protection and protection is suitable in each particular case.

    To train a mountain dog is necessary gradually, taking into account the tendency of the dog to independence. This question is easier to resolve, living in a private house. For example, you can make a separate door for your pet, so that he can independently go for a walk or to send his needs.

    Attention! The dog quickly learns the skills that are necessary for work. But to get her to perform all sorts of "clown" (in her opinion) tricks, such as "Serve", "Aport", "Die", will be almost unreal.

    From a very early age it is necessary to teach a dog to wear ammunition. The equilibrium of the animal creates the illusion of its complete control, but "and the stick shoots." Tatra Shepherd is always on the alert, constantly guarding the owner. This means that any stranger who made a loud sound nearby or hurt the owner’s shoulder can be perceived as an aggressor that needs to be secured.

    Podgalyanskaya Shepherd calmly examines the territory and creates the impression of a peace-loving dog, but when a stranger appears, it will instantly try to drive him away.

    Those who, in principle, are afraid of dogs, only the size of the “legless woman” is terrifying. Wearing a muzzle in all cases of appearance in public places indicates not only that the dog is not dangerous to others, but also about the education of the owner.

    Until a dog reaches the age of 3, it is necessary to take care of its intellectual development and games. By this age, the final formation of the Mountain Shepherd's personality is taking place - now it is an adult and serious dog. By three years, the basic teams should be completed (Sit, Lie down, Beside and so on.) and passed early.

    Rules for the care and maintenance of the breed

    Today, many plant a Polish shepherd in the apartments, but experts do not recommend it. First of all, because this dog needs to work around the clock to protect its territory. In her view the apartment is just a booth.

    Podgalyanskaya shepherd is not recommended to keep in the apartment, these dogs must live in the yard and move freely throughout the territory.

    Dogs of this breed are forbidden to keep in cages and on the chain. Such content leads to a mental disorder, the easiest consequence of which will be passive-aggressive behavior of the dog. In the worst variants, the dog shows uncontrollable aggression, up to and including the attack and the killing of the owners.

    If the dog is kept in the yard, this does not eliminate the need for regular walks and proper socialization. The dog must be in a "neutral" territory, where it is not obliged to protect the borders. If this is not done, the animal may develop a phobia on the theme “enemies, enemies, around enemies”. Walking through the park, outdoor games and meeting other dogs will only improve the mood of the pet and will have a beneficial effect on its nervous system.

    It is very important to teach a dog from childhood that it is possible to enter the house only after the paws have been thoroughly washed and wiped. Accustomed to this, an adult pet will never enter the room with dirty "feet".

    Many are frightened by the snow-white coat of a dog in terms of grooming - it seems that tremendous efforts are required to keep the coat clean. But not so bad. It is enough to comb the dog weekly. When a molt occurs, it will be necessary to do this more often, so that no lumps of dead hairs remain in the fur coat.

    Important! It is necessary to regularly treat animal hair from ticks and fleas, since dense wool makes the search for ticks and the destruction of fleas by extremely complex processes.

    Ears and eyes need symptomatic care. If there is visible bloom in the ears - they need to be cleaned. Healthy skin of the ears is slightly oily with shine. Teeth can disturb biting dogs, as with this option, not all teeth are involved in chewing food. The same teeth that do not get the load, deteriorate quickly. If the nutrition of the dog is balanced, tartar or plaque will not appear. However, it is necessary to monitor the smell from the mouth and the appearance of stains on the teeth. If one of these signs is found, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

    The dog's coat should be regularly brushed; if necessary, the shepherd dog is cleaned with its ears and trimmed its claws.

    Dogs claws are erased in a natural way, if the dog regularly walk. If the claws are too long, you need to use a guillotine claw for large breeds. If there is no experience or adaptation, it is better to entrust this process to specialists.

    How to feed a dog

    Before you start a dog, it’s worth deciding what type of food will be used: ready-made food or natural products. It is important to understand that Puppy must be fed 6 times a day, adult dog twice. Whichever species is chosen, it should be adhered to constantly - mixed feeding of dogs of this breed is unacceptable.

    If it is decided to feed with natural products, you should remember about the mandatory use of minerals and vitamins.

    Important! Prevention of helminthiasis should be repeated every 4-6 months.

    Health dogs breed Podgalyanskaya Shepherd

    Порода образовалась естественным путем, поэтому средняя продолжительность жизни Польских собак – 13-15 лет. Врожденной склонности к различным заболеваниям у представителей породы не обнаружено. Even the dysplasia of the joints, characteristic of large breeds, is not typical for the Tatras. Of course, such health can only be with proper care and feeding of the animal.

    Podgalyansky Shepherd Dogs - dogs with good health, they have not detected a predisposition to various diseases.

    Breed flaws

    Podgalyansky Shepherd Dogs, for the most part, dogs are working, with excellent health. However, sometimes there are instances with flaws that lead to disqualification not only at exhibitions, but also from breeding:

    • depigmentation
    • wool curl
    • malocclusion,
    • hall or tail round,
    • coat color other than white.

    How to choose a puppy, kennels and prices

    Improper breeding worsens even a healthy breed. That is why a puppy should be contacted only in official kennels that register dogs in international clubs. It is necessary to book a puppy with such breeders, since “in the free” sale of these puppies is not to be found.

    A puppy can be purchased at a canine nursery:

    1. In MO: SHEMI:,
    2. In MO kennel white dogs "ANEKA BOS":,
    3. In St. Petersburg, the most famous nursery "Igerstey":

    Testimonials from Podgalyan owners

    Yana We got a 4 month old puppy back in 2013. They took to guard the house. We read in advance about the breed, so the puppy was always free to move around the territory. As early as eight months, he stopped letting outsiders into the yard, even if he was familiar with them. We went to the courses, taught all the teams and the rules of behavior. The dog is not very large - our Ice weighs slightly more than 40 kg with a height of 72 cm at the withers. To strangers aggressive to his (and people, and animals) friendly. We feed with naturalka: cereals, meat, offal, kefir, vitamins. He likes to gnaw cucumbers from the garden bed). For those who wish to purchase a Polish Shepherd, I recommend only free maintenance, plus regular walking - the dog needs to run a lot.

    Olga We purchased a podgalyantsa when he was only 3 months old. Weighed a little more than 3kg. He is now a year old, he is already heavier than me. Most importantly, I want to say - no chain! Shepherd dogs is prohibited. Our guards everyone who lives in the house - this is her flock. The dog is just gorgeous! Independent, smart, a little stubborn. Loves to cuddle. This is especially nice with his height - on his hind legs, head taller than me. Very smart, well trained and loves children.

    It is very important when training to use love, and not “gingerbread and carrots” - this is how it will turn out!

    We offer to watch a video about the dog breed Polish Podgalyanskaya Shepherd. Enjoy your viewing!


    The Polish shepherd dog is a typical representative of large shepherd dogs, whose main task is to protect livestock from predatory animals and people. But in addition, they are able to perform some of the functions of cattle dogs: look for lost animals, hold back and direct the herd. In everyday life, these are wonderful guards, calm by nature, but always on alert.

    At present, the need to protect livestock from wolves and bears is not so urgent, but, as in the past, the Polish Shepherd Dog copes with the role of a guard, guard, companion and family dog.

    Video about dog breed Polish Podgalyansky Shepherd (Tatra Sheepdog):


    The Tatra Shepherd Dog is a medium-sized, compact, strong build dog. It should create the impression of strength and endurance. The coat is thick, medium length, exclusively white color. Sexual dimorphism is well expressed. Height at the withers of males is 65-70 cm, bitches - 60-75 cm.

    Outwardly, the Polish Podgalyanskaya Shepherd is very similar to the Hungarian Kuvasz, the Slovak Chuvach and the Maremma-Abrutsk Sheepdog. This is explained by the presence of common ancestors in these breeds.

    The head is dry, in good proportion to the body. The skull is slightly rounded, the frontal groove is shallow, the foot is distinct, but not sharp. The muzzle is strong with a broad nose, gradually tapers to the black nose. The length of the muzzle is equal to or slightly larger than the length of the skull. Lips tight with dark edges. Teeth strong, scissor bite, allowed straight. The eyes are expressive, medium in size, set a little obliquely, dark brown color. Eyelids well pigmented. The ears are set at the level of the outer corner of the eyes or slightly higher than the average length. The auricle is rather thick, triangular in shape, well covered with hair, the front edge of the ear is adjacent to the head.

    Neck without a suspension, muscular, medium length, with abundant mane. The body is massive, stretched format. Withers wide, well expressed. The back is flat, wide. The loin is strong. The croup is sloping. Chest deep. The ribs are fairly flat. The belly is slightly matched. The tail is not set too high. During movement or excitement rises above the topline. In a quiet condition it is lowered, reaches a hock, the tip can be slightly bent. The front legs are muscular, with strong bones, straight and parallel. Rear, when viewed from the rear, vertical, with moderate angles. Paws are compact, oval-shaped. The pads are hard, strong, dark in color. Claws blunt, dark in color, strong.

    The hair on the face, head, front side of the front and rear legs is short. The neck and body are covered with long straight or slightly wavy hair. The undercoat is very well developed. On the neck is a rich collar. On the thighs abundant hair. On the tail, long hair forms a plume.

    Character and behavior

    Polish Shepherd balanced, calm dog with a pronounced guard and guarding instinct. Impressive view, low barking and snow-white, large teeth have an additional deterrent effect on uninvited guests. Character docile, strong with a hint of independence and stubbornness. An unfamiliar dog admits to the owner with caution. He is suspiciously studying a new situation and only very angry can be dangerous. In the family circle is very kind and affectionate. Tolerant to children and pranks on their part, supports active games and tries not to harm, realizing his strength, but having played, may inadvertently push. With other animals usually get along very well. It is of particular concern for small livestock cubs, which is caused by the specific nature of the breed and innate qualities. With other large dogs there may be conflicts in the relationship, more pronounced between males.

    Podgalyanskaya Shepherd is very independent in behavior and judgments. She can be stubborn and prone to dominance.

    In all that makes the shepherd self-control and moderation can be traced. She is not too ambitious and will not rush around the yard, earning the title of the best call in the world. He prefers to watch, watch and wait until the attacker violates his personal space and only then proceeds to act. First, a warning, if necessary, will come to the defense, showing dedication and courage. In rare cases, it is too noisy or overly excitable, but this, as a rule, speaks about defects in education.

    On a walk behaves calmly, friendly to people and animals around. However, owners should not let the dog off the leash. It is not known what exactly she considers to be a threat. Interestingly behave Tatra sheep dogs in a pair. While one of the dogs is courting the territory, the other remains next to the owner, then they change. Similarly, dogs work in pastures.

    Upbringing and training

    Raising a Polish Shepherd Dog is not easy. First of all it is connected with stubbornness and will power of a small puppy. Psychologically, the dog matures late, around the second year of life. Up to this point you will have to make a lot of effort and time for the proper education of the dog.

    The use of physical violence and screams is unacceptable. This negatively affects the character of the dog and discourages her desire to work. To educate and train the Tatarian sheepdog should be aggressively but gently. Classes should be short, but interesting for a puppy. Particular attention should be paid to innate inclinations and talents. Shepherd can be a good guard and a shepherd, but she is not physically and psychologically fit to perform circus tricks or participate in various sports, such as agility or obedience. Podgalyantsy do not like when they are limited and forced, everything that they do, follows exclusively from the love of the owner.

    Podgalyanskaya Polish Shepherd Dog is not the best choice for an inexperienced owner, who is also not ready to devote a lot of time to attending courses, studying literature, raising and training a dog.

    By temperament, Polish Shepherd dogs are more like Central Asian or Caucasian Shepherd dogs. They will not execute the same team 10 times as the Germans, and will not eagerly await the order of the owner. They are moderately independent and tend to make their own decisions.

    Content Features

    The Polish shepherd dog is not suitable for living in the city, it is not suitable for keeping in a house or apartment. She has to spend a lot of time outdoors. Left without attention can acquire bad habits, it becomes difficult to control. It adapts well to different climatic conditions, tolerates cold well and adapts well to the summer heat. Contrary to popular belief, it is not necessary for her to live in conditions of high mountains. For captive and chain content is not suitable. It is almost impossible for dogs living in an apartment to provide the necessary physical exertion, especially when it comes to growing up puppies.

    There are two things that will make any Polish Shepherd happy: the need for her innate working qualities of a guard or shepherd and close contact with the owner.

    Exercise need moderate. Besides the fact that the dog runs all day in the yard, it should regularly go beyond it. Useful will be long walks in nature and swimming.

    In general, care for the Tatra Polish Sheepdog is simple. It is enough to comb the dog regularly and bathe it occasionally so that it maintains a neat and attractive appearance. Snow-white wool is prone to self-cleaning. The dog may fall out in the mud, but when dried it will again become white. Seasonal moulting is very plentiful in this period. It is recommended to comb the dog daily. Once a week, inspect the ears and, if necessary, clean the ear. Claws to optimum length as needed if they do not have time to grind down on their own.

    Eating a shepherd dog commensurate with its size, but you can not save on the quality of products. The type of food the owner can choose any: homemade food or dry industrial feed. Both options are suitable, provided that the feeding rules are followed. The diet is developed taking into account the age, size, physiological state and activity of the dog. Ready-made feed should be higher than the premium class, consistent with the age and size of the breed. Vitamin-mineral supplements are indicated during the period of active growth of puppies and further, on the recommendation of a physician, when feeding with natural products.

    It is important to observe the diet and carefully consider the choice of products, if the dog suffers from food allergies. And also to comply with all measures of prevention of torsion of the stomach, to which representatives of the breed are prone.

    Health and life expectancy

    The Polish shepherd dog is hardy, reliable and resistant to adverse weather conditions. With good care and nutrition maintains good health until old age. The average life expectancy of 11-12 years.

    In the breed there are a number of hereditary diseases:

    • Dysplasia of the hip joint,
    • Dysplasia of the elbow joint,
    • Predisposition to torsion of the stomach,
    • Inversion and eversion,
    • Propensity to otitis of various etiology,
    • Allergy (most common food).

    Mandatory preventive measures are vaccination and treatment of parasites.

    Character and typical behavior

    It's amazing how such a snow-white giant, has a heightened sense of responsibility and imperturbable calmness. The dog is independent, self-confident, emotionally stable.

    • It will not show causeless aggression, it is not afraid, but it does not go to open conflicts first, it expects and tries to control it more. It is wary of strangers, protects its borders, does not allow strangers without a master, will absolutely not tolerate rudeness and screams.

    At the moment of danger, it attacks almost without warning - if it is in its territory, it is important to control the visit, it is better if the owner himself will conduct guests. Polish Shepherd, loves the home sincerely, will always protect. This applies not only to people, but also to children, relatives, relatives and other smaller pets.

    The dog perceives only one owner, sincerely devoted to him, tied. Like all animals requires care and attention. Does not like rudeness. He is well versed in facial expressions and feels all the changes in a person’s character.

    The Polish little woman will not just bark like that, rather, she will lie low and wait, when she realizes that the danger is near, or the alien in the territory will attack. This also applies to animals, any stranger is a danger.

    Despite his intelligence, poise, he must be brought up, otherwise the dog will grow up not so obedient and affable. They are prone to stubbornness, and the past of the shepherd, taught them to make independent decisions without human intervention.

    The owner will need to put the relationship with the pet in a certain frame, mainly the podgolyanka chooses for himself - men as the owners. It is necessary to have responsibility, not show weakness and be a leader in your pack.