The appearance in the dog house is always a joyful event. Our faithful four-legged friends give us a lot of positive emotions, become companions, full-fledged family members. But in case of neglect of the basics of care, rules of communication with pets, non-compliance with individual hygiene, ecto-and endoparasites, viruses, bacteria, fungi, and other types of pathogenic flora that parasitize animals, harm not only dogs but also people. For example, a person can become infected with worms from a dog if the pet is infested with certain types of endoparasites. What types of worms are transmitted from dogs to humans?
How do dogs get infected?
Dogs, regardless of age, pedigree affiliation, throughout their life, are prone to infections and diseases of various etiologies. By nature, our faithful four-legged friends are very inquisitive creatures. Contacts with his relatives, other animals, especially stray, playing with a stick, a ball on the street, licking wool - all this can cause dogs to become infected with dangerous endoparasites, in particular helminths.
In addition, if a dog from an early age is not accustomed to good manners, or the owner does not pay enough attention to walking his pet, it is possible that the dog will pick up from the ground Forbidden "delicacies", for example, bones, pieces of meat, which may contain eggs, larvae of worms. Do not forget that the main route of infection with worms is alimentary, oral-fecal, less often - contact.
Important! If a pregnant dog is infected with helminths, the parasite larvae can enter the body of the fetus in utero (transplacentally), which leads to disruption of embryogenesis. Newborn puppies can also become infected with worms through milk, colostrum, in contact with the mother dog.
It should be borne in mind that most species of worms are biohelminths. The life cycle of endoparasites occurs with the participation of intermediate hosts and the main ones. Helminth larvae carriers areryzuny, fish, mollusks, arthropods, predators, fleas, ticks, lashes. The main owners of worms are warm-blooded crops and pets. In the external environment, the eggs of parasites fall with feces and can be in the water, on the grass, soil, plants.
A dog can become infected, for example, swallowing a flea, after eating raw meat products that have not undergone heat treatment, after drinking water from a puddle or picking up a "treat" from the ground, planted with larvae.
Owners of miniature, decorative breeds of dogs who rarely go for a walk or are constantly in the hands of the owners on the street should understand that the larvae, helminth eggs can get into the house on the soles of shoes, household items, clothes.
Dog worms that are dangerous to humans
Unfortunately, many breeders, dog owners do not represent what harm to the human body is caused by parasites that infect our beloved pets. Unfortunately, some viral-bacterial, invasive diseases of domestic animals belong to zooanthropozoonosis, namely dangerous to humans. Therefore, it is necessary to know not only the characteristic symptoms and treatment principles, but also how to prevent and prevent the dog from becoming infected with ecto-endoparasites.
Important! According to statistics, 75% of domestic dogs are infested with worms. In this case, infected pets look clinically healthy, so the owners do not always suspect that the beloved animal is sick.
Usually, most parasitic diseases cause flat, tapeworms (cestodes, trematodes), which can reach in length from two to ten meters, round worms - nematodes and cardiomonohelminths (dirofilaria).
In the body of dogs can parasitize more than four hundred species of worms, most of which are dangerous to the human body. Worms from dogs to humans are transmitted in most cases. by direct contact with a pet.
The most likely transmission of tape, flatworms. Females of trematodes, cestodes are quite fertile and can lay about a thousand eggs during their life cycle, from which later larvae of parasite worms emerge.
The most dangerous parasitic diseases for humans:
Liver flukes (fluke, schistosomes), cucumber, pork tapeworm, roundworm, pinworms, wide tapeworm, whipworms, trichinella, hookworm are transmitted from dog to person.
How does a person become infected
A child, an adult can become infected with worms from a pet by contact, through saliva. Eggs Endoparasites can be under the claws, on the fur, on the paw pads, on other parts of the dog’s body.
Do not forget that our smaller brothers are very contact, friendly, active pets. On walks, dogs communicate with their relatives, other animals that may be infected with worms.
A dog, showing his love, licking hands, the face of the owner. Some owners allow dogs to climb on the sofa, bed. Undoubtedly, children are crazy about their pets. The child plays with the dog, cares for her, kisses, hugs his pet. Thus, with constant contact with the dog, infection with worms occurs.
Even if the dog is not infected with internal parasites, the pet may bring the larvae or the eggs of the worms to the house on the wool after the walk. They may be located on floor, interior items, furniture, carpets, children's toys, clothes. Therefore, if the elementary rules of individual hygiene are not followed, in the event that the pet is infected with parasitic worms, the eggs and worms quickly enter the human body, where their further development occurs.
The risk of human infection with endoparasites from dogs is increased if the dog contained in bad adverse conditions the owner does not pay enough attention to the prevention of helminth infections, does not follow the rules of feeding.
Worm invasions in animals can also develop due to poor-quality diets. So, if you give a pet raw meat, offal, sea, river fish of doubtful quality without prior heat treatment, it is not necessary to exclude the fact that the dog will be infested by endoparasites.
Important! As a rule, infection with worms most often occurs during the warm period of the year. It was at this time that the most favorable conditions for active reproduction of endoparasites.
Note that in the early stages of helminthic invasion, the symptoms in the dog may be mild, so the owners may not always recognize that the animal has a parasitic disease. At the same time the pet is main source of helminth infections human and other animals.
The danger of helminthic invasions for humans, manifestations of helminth infections
More than 300 different types of parasite worms can be found in our bodies, which are localized inIschechnik, heart, bronchi, lungs, liver, various organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
Not all types of dog worms are transmitted to humans. This is explained by the fact that the body temperature of dogs is normally two to three degrees higher than for humans. The development of eggs, larvae of parasite worms occurs only under favorable conditions. Therefore, once in the human body, most species of worms cannot develop normally and are excreted with feces.
Some types of dog worms, the development of which in the body of animals occurs only in the gastrointestinal tract, are not adapted to the human digestive tract. Therefore, dangerous endoparasites migrate from the bloodstream to various internal organs, systems of the human body, causing serious functional system failures, various complications. The larvae of parasites damage the integrity of the mucous membranes, provoke blood loss, acute inflammation, cause destructive-degenerative changes in the tissues.
Important! Most often people diagnose echinococcosis. In this disease, the echinococcus larvae migrate from the bloodstream to the liver, spleen, brain, spinal cord, and kidneys. May affect bone and muscle structures. This type of worms provokes the development of cysts, tumors in the internal organs.
In children worms reduce immunity, increasing the risk of developing various infections, violate the processes of digestion, metabolism. Parasites absorb nutrients from food, poison the body with endotoxins, causing intoxication, cause allergic reactions. Strong helminthic invasion can cause blockage, intestinal obstruction.
Helminths are particularly dangerous during pregnancy. A strong worm infestation can cause miscarriage, provoke premature birth, various violations of embryogenesis.
Infection with helminth infections is mostly due to low resistance, weakening of the immune system. At risk fall Small children, weakened by viral infections, chronic pathologies, diseases, people.
If the eggs of the dog Ascaris enter the body of a healthy person, they pass through the intestines and are excreted in the feces in unchanged form. Unlike children, in adults never pinworms parasitize.
Among the main symptoms that indicate the infection of a person with helminthiasis can be noted:
- violation of digestive processes,
- unstable chair (constipation, diarrhea),
- pallor, yellowness of mucous membranes,
- frequent nausea, vomiting,
- weight loss
- itching of the anus,
- bad breath,
- allergic rashes,
- sleep disturbance, lethargy, apathy, decreased performance,
- excessive drooling,
- cough, shortness of breath, fever,
- recurrent severe cramps, abdominal pain.
Symptoms may appear in the early stages of an invasion. slightly. The intensity of the clinical manifestations of helminthiasis in humans depends on the localization of endoparasites, their number in the body, age, general physiological state, resistance.
If your dog lives at home, other pets that may be carriers of dangerous endoparasites, in order to protect themselves and their loved ones from the entry of worms into the body, it is necessary to adhere to and comply with elementary personal hygiene rules:
- Spend as much as possible wet cleaning in the apartmentusing disinfectants, household chemicals. This will destroy the eggs of worms that may be on carpets, upholstered furniture, floor.
- After contact with the animal, make sure the baby is well washed hands with soapespecially before meals. Do not allow children to stroke stray dogs and cats on the street.
- Watch your pet's diet. Do not feed dogs raw meat, offal, river, sea fish without prior heat treatment.
- On walks watch that dog not in contact with strayhomeless animals. It is equally important to teach your pet not to lift forbidden "delicacies" from the ground. Do not allow dogs to crush rodents, hunt for birds, street cats.
- Pay attention gpet hygiene. Keep your coat clean. After each walk, inspect the body of the animal for the presence of ticks and other external parasites.
- Two or three times a year, take a pet to a vet clinic to undergo a routine examination.
- Having noticed the clinical manifestations of parasitic, infectious diseases in a dog, Immediately contact a veterinarian.
Very often, human infection with parasites from animals occurs due to neglect of preventive deworming. There is a large selection of antihelminthic drugs, special veterinary preparations in suspensions, tablets, capsules, drops on withers, which are used for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes.
It is necessary to deactivate dogs every three to four months, depending on the drug chosen. If you are in doubt about the choice of anthelmintic for your four-legged friend, consult a veterinarian.
The most effective anthelmintics:
Important! To carry out drug prevention of helminth infections you need not only dogs, other pets that live in a house, apartment, but all family members. Antiparasitic drugs for the treatment, prevention of helminthic invasions in adults, children can be in any pharmacy of the city. Before choosing a drug, consult a physician.
In addition to preventive deworming, do not forgetchase a flea dogSince external parasites carry eggs, the larvae of worms. For the treatment of wool cover, purchase special insecticide-acaricidal agents at a vet pharmacy, clinic, and pet store. Modern veterinary preparations have a wide spectrum of action, high efficiency, destroying ectoparasites at all stages of their development. You can use antiparasitic drops on withers, sprays, sprays, shampoos.
If you care about your health, follow all the above recommendations, the rules of individual hygiene, the risk of infection with helminthic invasions when in contact with the dog will be minimized.
Causes of Helminthiasis
Infection with worms is equally susceptible to both adults and small puppies. And if, for a mature dog, as a rule, everything is limited to deworming, then for a puppy the consequences of the disease can be tragic. That is why it is very important to detect worms in time and carry out their destruction.
Unfortunately, it’s absolutely impossible to get rid of them. All rehabilitation and preventive measures are aimed only at maximizing the number of worms in the dog's body. But such activities are simply necessary to maintain the normal health of the dog and its development.
There are several ways to infect helminthiasis:
- The first and most common - through external sourcescontaining helminth eggs: feces, food, various items, water pools and bodies of water, raw fish, and more. Predominantly, the infection occurs during the traditional daily walking of the dog. Therefore, it is very important at such moments to try as much as possible to limit her contact with potentially dangerous things.
- The second method of infection is the direct connection of the dog with a sick animal or through intermediate hosts, fleas and ticks.
Symptoms, signs of worms
Unfortunately, often helminths may not manifest themselves for a long period or, conversely, mask themselves as some diseases that have similar manifestations with helminthiasis. All this greatly aggravates the situation with the identification and treatment of the disease.
Concerning periodic counseling should be carried out and inspect your pet at the vet.
However, worms in some cases it is possible to determine yourself. To do this, just watch attentively your own animals.
What should be the normal temperature in dogs? Every dog owner should know this!
Be sure to read about enteritis - A disease that, if delayed treatment leads to the death of a pet.
What can a host do that worries about the state of his pet, diarrheic? Details on the treatment and prevention of diarrhea.
How to get rid of parasitic worms
Before you decide on the choice of anthelmintic drugs, the range of which is simply enormous today, you should first consult with a veterinarian and conduct a proper examination of the dog for their identification. After all, the choice of means mostly depends on the age, physiological characteristics and habitat of the animal.
Unfortunately, there are no universal drugs that can, with a single dose, completely remove all types of helminths. Therefore, the best option would be a broad-spectrum medicine. These are usually produced in the form of tablets Drontal Plus, Azinoks Plus, Vermox and Dronzit.
With long-term treatment and prevention of worms, it is necessary to alternate drugs because of the ability of parasites to develop immunity to them.
How to de-worming
Dog worming is carried out repeatedly with a small frequency.
Modern drugs are able to partially or completely break down the helminths in the animal's body, so it is not possible to see the result of anthelmintics. The main thing is to watch the pet closely at the time of deworming and, if necessary, help him to cleanse himself (enema, laxative, etc.).
Antigelmintnoe medicine to the animal, preferably given in the morning during the meal. For adult dogs, the pill is wrapped in some delicacy - meat, sausage - and fed, and if they refuse to take the medicine, they put it deeply on the root of the animal's tongue, while squeezing the jaw with palms and raising it up. For puppies, the tablet is crushed to a powdery state, diluted with water and poured into the mouth with a syringe (without a needle).
Если же вдруг сразу после приема глистогонного препарата собаке стало плохо, первым делом следует дать четверолапому какой-нибудь абсорбент (энтеросгель) и, в срочном порядке, обратиться к врачу. Further deworming is carried out under the strict supervision of a specialist.
How can a dog get infected
Infection of dogs occurs in three main ways:
- intrauterine (from pregnant to fetus),
- fecal-oral (through feces and digestive tract),
- through blood (using mosquitoes).
An intrauterine method causes toxocarosis infection, i.e. puppies are born already infected.
Fecal-oral infection occurs through contact of dogs with external sources of infection. Anything can be such sources — the land, lawns, natural reservoirs and puddles, raw meat or fish products, sick animals, etc., covered with eggs and larvae of worms.
Through blood, dirofilariasis is infected with mosquitoes, which are intermediate hosts of the parasites.
Possible places of localization of parasites and the harm caused by them
Many dog owners believe that all helminths parasitize exclusively in the gastrointestinal tract. This confidence creates a number of gross errors. First, the owners are confident that their pets are healthy due to the lack of clinical signs of worms at the level of intestinal disorders. And the second misconception is that only a stool analysis is sufficient for diagnosis.
Most helminths in the process of the development cycle in varying degrees, affect the gastrointestinal tract, but not always this place is final. There are also parasites that circulate throughout the body and almost all the internal organs throughout their life cycle.
In total, helminths, depending on the species, affect:
- trachea, lungs and the entire respiratory tract,
- liver and bile ducts,
- blood and lymphatic system
- subcutaneous tissue,
- organs of vision
- gastrointestinal tract.
Damage caused by worms to the dog's body:
- Moving the larvae through the blood vessels and hitting them in various organs leads to a violation of the integrity of the organs and their tissues, and also disrupts the normal course of vital processes.
- Mechanical injuries of the gastrointestinal membranes with a sharp-cutting mouth of worms, bleeding and inflammatory processes.
- Obstruction and obstruction of the intestine, rupture of the intestinal walls.
- Helminth intoxication disrupts the vital activity of not only individual organs, but also of the whole organism, causes convulsions, changes hormones, alternates arousal with depression, violates respiratory rhythms.
- Complication of viral and bacterial infections due to the strong inhibition of the immune system by worms.
- Parasitizing in the heart muscle and lung tissue provoke cardiovascular and respiratory failure.
- If the dog has worms, there is a loss of weight, signs of beriberi and problems with metabolism. This is due to the nutrition of the parasites lymph, blood and all the ready nutrients in its body.
The classic signs of the presence of worms in dogs include:
- change in behavior (inactivity, apathy, alternating with periodic anxiety, lethargy),
- changes in the appearance of the animal (pallor of mucous membranes and skin, ruffling, stiffness and dullness of hair, dandruff, signs of eczema and dermatitis, urticaria),
- changes in the functioning of the gastrointestinal system (lack of appetite or its increase with accompanying weight loss, perverse eating habits - eating inedible elements, vomiting, constipation or diarrhea, intestinal cramps, colic and bloating when the ribs become prominent),
- obvious itching in the anus area (the animal tends to get rid of it by "riding" on its hind legs),
- sour eyes,
- obvious belching or hiccups immediately after eating,
- puppies have signs of rickets and a clear lag in growth and development from other dogs of the same litter,
- detection in the feces of mucus and blood, as well as the parasites themselves, their eggs and larvae.
The problem of worm infestation in dogs is constant. It makes no sense to wait for the manifestation of a clinically this pathology, it is enough to regularly treat the animal from worms.
De-worming for therapeutic purposes is aimed at:
- removing from the body of the dog (or reducing their number) not only adult worms, but also their larvae,
- restoration of the normal function of those organs that were affected by parasites,
- minimization of complications due to the likely toxicity of toxic substances during the massive death of helminths.
The scheme of therapeutic deworming depends on the type of drug used and is carried out according to the instructions attached to it. There are drugs that are enough to treat the dog once. With a strong infection or with the defeat of parasites that have some features in the development cycles, you may have to carry out the treatment again with an interval of 7, 10 or 14 days.
With proper dose selection, as well as in compliance with all the requirements of antihelminthic therapy, the risks of intoxication in dogs are reduced to almost zero. Otherwise, the animal will need qualified veterinary assistance and the use of active infusion therapy.
Basic rules for receiving anthelmintic drugs:
- anthelmintic prescribes only a vet,
- carefully read the instructions for the drug, especially the sections on dosage, rules of use and contraindications. It is forbidden to exceed the set dose!
- re-processing is carried out only with intensive infection with parasites and only on the instructions of the veterinarian,
- start the fight against worms only after the dog has deduced skin sucking parasites (lashes, fleas, etc.),
- deworming is carried out no later than 2 weeks before the planned mating and vaccination, and not earlier than 21 days after the birth of puppies. If the reception of the remedy initially involves a double intake with an interval of 14 days, then the first time the remedy is given a month before mating or vaccination (the last administration will take just 2 weeks before the procedures),
- do not perform worms treatment for puppies younger than 2.5 weeks,
- do not anthelmintic sick dogs, exhausted or weakened after a cured disease,
- The use of fortifying vitamin remedies is recommended at the same time as giving helminthus to minimize the risk of intoxication.
Some types of parasitic worms can be transmitted from dog to person, so all family members should always follow the rules of personal hygiene after each contact with a pet. People are recommended prophylactic deworming along with animals.
Harm to the body
Worms are one of the most ancient and famous organisms on planet Earth. As you know, they lead a parasitic lifestyle. In the process of evolution, they adapted themselves to survival at the expense of other organisms, including dogs. However, not only the parasites, but also the organisms in which they live, underwent improvement processes. That is precisely why the symptoms of worms in dogs are often hidden, and this makes it difficult to identify the disease.
The main indicator that the animal has parasites is fatigue, weakness and apathy. Being in the dog's body, the worms have primarily a toxic effect caused by their metabolic products, forming a variety of complications. In addition to the above effects, mechanical lesions appear on the walls of the stomach, thereby forming certain injuries.
It should be noted that the worms in dogs can be localized not only in the stomach, but also in other organs of the animal. If the parasites cling to the mucous membranes and walls of blood vessels, they pierce them, then small wounds form, leading to anemia.
Most worms are very similar to each other. To determine the type of parasite it is required to possess one of the effective methods, namely, knowledge of situational and environmental factors, under which a particular parasite can develop:
- For example, a dog toksokara has the opportunity to get into the body of puppies at the time of fetal development, since the larvae and eggs have the ability to migrate through breast milk and the placenta, so there is a high probability of transmission.
- Adults become infected most often when they eat meat from pigs, sheep, rodents and poultry, which have parasite larvae.
- It is possible to pick up a cucumber tapeworm quite accidentally due to the ingestion of an infected flea, in which the helminth eggs are present.
- Dog whipworm infection can be run on wet grass, as wet soil is a favorable environment for the formation of worms.
- The variety of tape includes not only the cucumber tapeworm, but also a wide ribbon. The main difference is their length. For example, the tapeworm reaches 15 m and is the largest species parasitic in the dog's body. Earn such a problem can be due to the consumption of infected fish.
- At the time of the bite of one dog to another, there is a chance of contracting a heartworm and other dirofilaria that dwell under the skin.
- An important danger is represented by those regions in which there are epidemics of insects that are carriers of helminths. Infection with echinococcus occurs at the moment when the dog eats the affected meat of the animal, most often domestic livestock.
- Quite often dogs hit different types of trematodes, mainly Chinese fluke, cat fluke, and also Japanese schistosome.
- Invasion is possible by eating animals infected with larvae of water, tadpoles and raw fish.
Ways of infection
Signs of worms in dogs can appear in three main cases:
- Fecal-oral (through the digestive tract and feces) - is due to the contact of the animal with other centers of infection. Such a source can be anything, such as larvae of worms, lawns, damp earth, unprocessed fish or meat products, puddles and natural reservoirs, as well as sick animals.
- Intrauterine (from a pregnant bitch to puppies) - this way you can pick up toxocarosis. At birth, babies are already infected.
- Through blood (caused by mosquito bites) - at this point the dog can catch dirofilariasis. When a mosquito bite occurs worms, as they are intermediate hosts.
Most dog owners are convinced that helminths parasitize exclusively in the gastrointestinal tract, but this is absolutely not the case. Because of this opinion, a whole series of senseless delusions appears. Most often, the owners are confident that their pet is healthy, due to the absence of signs of worms in dogs at the level of indigestion. Another misconception is that only a stool test is necessary for diagnosis.
Many helminths in the process of development, to one degree or another, of course, infect the intestines, but do not always stay there for settling, but occupy more comfortable places for themselves. And also there are such varieties of parasites that move throughout the body, alternately affecting all the organs throughout their lives.
Depending on the species, the worms in dogs appear in the following areas:
- the lungs, the trachea and the entire respiratory tract,
- gastric passages and liver,
- subcutaneous tissue,
- gastrointestinal tract,
- lymphatic and circulatory systems
- organs of vision.
Symptoms of worms in dogs
Classical manifestations include:
- changes in the appearance of the animal (pallor of the skin and mucous membranes, dullness and hardness of wool, dermatitis, eczema and urticaria),
- change of behavior (apathy, immobility, anxiety and lethargy),
- sour eyes,
- problems with the functioning of the gastrointestinal system (increased or lack of appetite, with weight loss, improper eating habits, eating inedible elements, diarrhea or constipation, vomiting, bloating and colic, bulging ribs),
- puppies often show signs of rickets, as well as a visible growth retardation compared to other dogs of the same litter,
- in feces there is blood and mucus, as well as the parasites themselves, their larvae and eggs.
Signs characteristic of different types of parasites
It is required to know that different types of worms in dogs appear differently. Depending on their localization, the region where they parasitize is affected:
- Toxocars and roundworms cause vomiting after meals, indigestion, hiccups, pallor of mucous membranes, diarrhea mixed with blood, cough and shortness of breath.
- Due to tapeworms in a dog, weight loss, diarrhea and constipation, itching of the anus, allergic rashes, blockage and obstruction of the intestine, bleeding, cramps and drooling are observed.
- The presence of heart worms is accompanied by cough, swelling of the legs and abdomen, shortness of breath, increased fatigue and photophobia.
- When there are esophageal worms, they cause periodic suffocation, coughing, weight loss and difficulty swallowing.
To detect a disease, it is first necessary to collect the dog's feces and take it to the clinic for analysis. If nothing is revealed, and the animal feels bad, then it is necessary to conduct a more qualitative examination of the animal. If you know what the worms look like in dogs, they can also be detected independently, but adult worms can be found in the faeces of an animal only at a certain stage.
For analysis, feces are collected in a tight-fitting, clean jar with a disposable spoon. It is important to send material for analysis very quickly. Sometimes the vet asks the host to collect feces for several days in a row. Such a diagnosis is required to eliminate a false-negative result.
The most qualitative method is to document the risk factors of the animal. The owner must describe in detail all the habits of his pet, as well as the environment and the food used. It is very important to identify the duration of infection and the severity of the disease. All the information described is required to pass on to the doctor.
Features of treatment
Remedy for worms for dogs perfectly treats the animal, and also has a preventive effect. The main task of the owner is a clear implementation of all rules of use of the drug. The dose is calculated exclusively by a specialist taking into account all the features, weight, individual clinical manifestations of the disease and the age of the animal. Preparations from worms for dogs should be given once a few hours before feeding. In order to make sure that all the larvae died, it is necessary to repeat the procedure after 15-20 days.
As a preventive measure, it is also necessary to use drugs according to the following schedule, once a quarter or in the half year:
- "Milbemaks" - is a low-toxic drug, therefore, recommended for use by puppies of six weeks of age and pregnant individuals. It is recommended to use these drops from worms for dogs as a prophylaxis, but you should consult with a veterinarian before doing this, as you need to know the dose, which depends on the weight and age of the animal. Consumer reviews about the drug are positive, since the body does not suffer from its use.
Peculiarities of puppy therapy
According to the testimonials, there are a lot of remedies for worms for dogs, but not all of them are suitable for a small and growing organism, therefore, you must first consult with a veterinarian and carefully read the instructions.
For therapy applies only proven and reasonable scheme. The anthelmintic drug is given on day 14 after birth, and then repeated on day 28. Inoculate an animal for 42 days. This is due to the life cycle of the parasites. Most often, babies are infected in the womb. Worms grow and develop with the birth of a puppy. After 20 days, they lay their first eggs, after the same period of time they repeat the cycle.
With the help of early deworming, most of the parasites die on the first attempt. Those that remain are weak and inactive, so the second procedure is carried out with half the dose. If the puppy has a lot of worms, then you need to perform one more sweep with the full amount of the drug.
Many people are interested in: how to give a dog a pill for worms? Sometimes it is difficult to do this, the animal simply spits out the medicine. In this case, traditional medicine will come to the rescue. All products prepared at home are intended for internal use only. But decoctions, like pills, make animals very hard to drink, so this therapy method such as medical enema is often used. In order to prepare the composition for internal administration, you need only three components:
- 0.5 liters of home-made cow's milk,
- 2 tsp. garlic, it is pre-ground with a grater or crushed with garlic press,
- 1 tbsp. l dry tansy.
Ingredients are mixed together and sent to the fire. It is required to wait until the mass boils. Everything is prepared for 5 minutes and sent for cooling. After the remedy for worms for dogs has cooled, it is completely ready for use. Using this broth, you can defeat the parasites in 2-3 procedures. Данное средство применяется после прогулки, так как требуется, чтобы животное опорожнило прямую кишку.
Доктора рекомендуют использовать приготовленный состав для клизмы лишь как вспомогательное средство. In addition, it should be noted that the above treatment can not be used only in a single version, since there is a possibility of a systematic recurrence of infection of the pet.
In the case of neglect of the disease, cleansing with enema is unable to completely eliminate worms. When parasites are detected in the vomit mass or in the feces, such therapy fades into the background. This suggests an advanced stage of the disease, in this case it is impossible to do without drug therapy. Therefore, an urgent need to consult a specialist.
Symptoms of infection
How to find out if the dog has worms independently? This question interests many who have a pet and cares about its health. Because some forms of parasites spread rapidly, affecting vital organs. Worms are characterized by symptoms in dogs. They, according to the degree of damage, the types of parasites, their localization, can be pronounced, weak.
Often the signs of worms in dogs have a complex manifestation:
- Exhaustion of the body, lack of mood, disruption of activity.
- The appearance of malfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Weight loss, poor development, slow growth.
- Lack of appetite.
- The appearance of the wool is noticeably deteriorating, becoming dull, and may fall out.
- Pale mucous membranes.
- Frequent constipation, diarrhea, vomiting.
Even with the naked eye one can see in the pet stools traces of blood, adult parasites or worms, characteristic mucus. Belt worms in dogs are much more likely to cause constipation, since they are large and are able to block the intestinal lumen.
If there are pulmonary worms in dogs, there may be signs such as:
- frequent cough
- deterioration of health,
- impaired respiratory function.
Signs in puppies
In puppies, the slow development of growth is clearly marked, there is a craving for inedible objects. They may suffer from lack of, or, conversely, increased appetite. Even when the dog is well fed, there is a noticeable decrease in body weight, as a result of which there is a rapid decrease in efficiency, lethargy, and the pet can sleep for a long time.
Signs of worms in dogs may indicate the development of colds, viral and infectious pathological processes. That is why at home it is impossible to identify worms in dogs, in this case, you will need the help of a veterinary specialist. It should be addressed at the first signs to avoid complications.
Types of parasitic individuals
What do worms look like in dogs? Parasitic worms that infect domestic animals are countless. They differ from each other in shape, size, class, location, symptoms. According to accepted norms, helminths are divided into flat, tape, round, flukes.
These types of worms in dogs can provoke the development of many dangerous diseases that can occur in an acute or chronic form. And some worms can easily be transmitted to humans, infecting them.
So what are the worms in dogs? There are several varieties of them.
They are considered the most numerous and are found in almost every pet. Infection usually occurs through external sources:
The main symptoms are impaired digestive function, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, lethargy, weight loss. With extensive bowel damage, such parasites can cause death.
Pretty dangerous kind of parasitic worms. They move freely around the body and often lodge in the area of the lungs and digestive tract. If such worms have appeared in a puppy or an adult dog, one can observe pronounced symptomatology. There are problems with breathing, with any attempts to move or play, shortness of breath, coughing is manifested.
Parasites can cause internal bleeding of the respiratory organs, leading to dangerous consequences. At home, it will not be possible to identify helminths only on specific grounds, it is necessary to contact a veterinarian, the dog must undergo a mandatory medical examination.
Also very dangerous parasitic worms. Localized mainly throughout the cardiovascular system. May hit:
The main contributing factors of infection are blood-sucking parasites - fleas, mosquitoes, ticks. Heart parasites can be detected by pronounced symptoms:
- impaired respiratory function
- constant weakness and apathy,
- shortness of breath even in a state of rest,
- wheezing of the lungs
- constant drowsiness,
- damage to the nervous system.
Treatment of worms in dogs is important to carry out in a timely manner, since there are possible deplorable consequences. Often the heart type of worms is fatal, due to a heart rupture.
A fairly common species can be in adult animals, puppies. Often affect the liver, gall bladder. The signs are:
- respiratory failure,
- frequent sneezing
- malaise and fatigue
- discharge of mucus from the nasal passages is possible,
- weight loss.
Often, from worms for therapeutic purposes, anthelmintic drugs are used, which are aimed at suppressing the development of parasitic individuals. They contribute to their destruction, paralyzing the neuromuscular apparatus. Such tools can be used in various forms:
In most cases, for the treatment of worms in dogs at home resort to the use of tablets. There are some of the most effective and popular.
Good low toxicity for the treatment of worms. Tablets are easily absorbed by the intestines, acting on the worms, remove them from the body through the feces of the colon. The drug is characterized by low cost, available for puppies, only in the form of suspensions.
Acts quickly, is effective in all forms of parasitic worms. In addition to tablets, it is also available in other forms. This tool is allowed to use in the form of treatment, prevention. Dosage is determined only by a veterinary specialist.
You can give your pet from three weeks of age. Anthelmintic drug effectively acts for treatment, is widely used for prophylactic purposes. Before feeding dogs with pills, one should observe individual safety and calculate the exact dose, since the remedy has contraindications and is characterized by side effects. Especially careful to be if the dog is waiting for offspring, in this case, treatment should be under the strict supervision of a veterinarian.
Many people face the problem when puppies have worms - what to do? In this case, also resort to the use of drugs with anthelmintic action. Often not pills are used, but suspensions, which are easier to give to the puppy. Dosage, as well as the pattern of use, the duration of the course is calculated by a veterinary specialist. After this, the therapy can be carried out independently at home, only occasionally showing the pet to the doctor.