The admiral is one of the most beautiful butterflies that can be found on our meadows. It received its name because of the red stripes that run along the edge of the rear wings and cross the front wings in the middle. Just like the red lights of the admirals in the navy. Along the edges of the front wings are white and red dots on a black or brown background. In the corner of the rear wings - blue spots. Wings when flying reach six and a half centimeters in scope.
Butterfly admirals are found in different countries on different continents, where it is not too hot and not too cold. We saw them in North America and in New Zealand. However, they love to travel and can easily fly to lay eggs from Russia to any country in Africa. Then their children can come back.
This butterfly usually lives on the banks of rivers and lakes, at the edge of the forest, in a meadow. You can often see her fluttering along the road. Admiral butterflies have a breeding pattern similar to other butterflies. One butterfly always lays one egg, from which the caterpillar emerges. The caterpillars of the admiral butterfly are very beautiful, with a black hairy body and wide yellow stripes on the sides. Caterpillars are born in May and begin to actively eat their favorite plants: hops, nettles, thistles. When it comes time to turn into a butterfly, the fat caterpillar puts a cocoon around itself and falls asleep in it. After some time, in a cocoon, she wakes up as an adult butterfly, she gets out of the cocoon, waits until her wings dry and flies about her business.
The butterfly feeds on the nectar of plants. She does this through a special process that looks like a trunk that runs into a flower.
Some time ago, the "admirals" became very small in Russia, due to the fact that the fields and meadows were treated with harmful substances. Because of this, this butterfly was listed in the Red Book. But now their number has increased significantly.
The life of the admiral butterfly is consonant with the unusualness of the name that it bears. However, we will definitely return to this issue later. Now we need to give an answer to the other - how does the butterfly admiral look?
The wingspan of the butterfly of the admiral is on average 6 cm. Sometimes you can see light spots at the top of the wings consisting of three connected small ones. They are surrounded by specks of light shades of indefinite, varying from time to time form. The color of the edges and the inside of the wings is brown. Acting as a contrasting background, he clearly highlights other details of the decoration. Such, for example, are the scattering of rings of aquamarine color or a sash that runs diagonally and colored in bright scarlet and orange colors. The same line as if continues on the hind wings of the insect, rim passing along their outer edges. The corners of the hind wings are decorated with bluish ovals, outlined by a black rim. A close look at the back of the Admiral butterfly wings will make new interesting discoveries. So, we will see that their entire area is decorated with a mosaic of various colored pieces: white and red, brown and gray.
The body of the butterfly is colored in dark colors, ranging from dark brown to black. Perfectly distinguishing the smallest light oscillations and objects in the environment, the eyes of the insect are located on the lateral parts of the head in the form of hemispheres. Such an optical fad, granted by the butterfly by nature, allows one to visually perceive the volume of space without having to turn a slow-moving head or eyes. Butterflies perceive different colors, among which there is blue, green, yellow. A known exception to this ability is red, since they are not able to notice it.
The eyes of the butterfly are protected by small hairs. They have a mustache on their forehead with a slight increase at the end, playing the role of the most important sense organ for the insect. With the help of whiskers, they are able to distinguish odors from a distance. At the bottom of the head is the proboscis, which performs the function of the mouth. If it does not work and is not busy with important business, then it will rest, curled up in the form of a spiral.
The chest part includes three divisions, each of which is equipped with the limbs necessary for movement. Forelegs have hair. It is important for touch. The admiral's large butterfly wings allow her to cover sufficient distances. The insect flies in order to find a more suitable habitat for itself. So, often representatives of this species can be attributed to the migratory.
Butterfly distribution area
The habitat of the insect is Eurasia (its part outside the tropics), islands on the Atlantic coast, as well as the northern part of Africa, Canada and the United States. Wherever the butterfly is located, it will in any case go on a wintering trip to the southern parts of its habitat. That is why this species is characterized by migration, forcing individuals to overcome great distances. Scientists emphasize that often butterflies admirals reach places where not every bird is able to fly. It is impossible to deny the death of many of them, overtaking individuals during migration. However, the most enduring manages to achieve the goal, to make a calculation and with a sense of duty performed to nature to die. The offspring that has emerged into the world and which has grown strong afterwards is usually sent back in a year. Part of the population does not leave the habitat for wintering, but tries to find a secluded place in the cracks or under the bark. The awakening of the spring sun becomes a signal to leave the shelter. The color of individuals who survived the test of overwintering is often brighter and more colorful than those who only appeared to the world.
Migrations of butterflies lead to the fact that the population size in some areas is quite variable: some individuals leave one territory, which leads to a decrease in indicators in this place, but flies to another, where the numbers increase significantly.
In our country, insects live in the forests of the central regions and northwest Karelia, as well as in the eastern part of the Caucasus and the Urals. If an individual lives in the mountains, then it can be seen at an altitude of 2.5 km to 2.7 km. She lives on forest edges or mountain meadows, she can be met both on the side of a highway and in wild lakes and rivers. In August, the admiral butterfly does not deprive its attention of overripe berries and fruits, so gardeners admire the beautiful creation on the trunks of plums and pears grown by them. It is one of the small number of those Lepidoptera, which can be seen among the last before the coming cold autumn weather. She reaches for the light of the lights and the sweet nectar of flowers on warm summer days. Therefore, the mild European winter misleads elegant butterflies, because they can wake up earlier than expected and die due to the sudden sunny days in the middle of the cold season.
There are two variants of the color of individuals of this species. Each of them is characteristic of a particular subspecies. The first is an insect called the red admiral butterfly, the hallmark of which is an orange band on black wings. The second species is the white butterfly general. Her color is characterized by black and white hues. Evolutionary processes and the need to defend against predators gave individuals a similar masking version of color. In addition, the butterflies of this subspecies are distinguished by their uniqueness and surprisingness of inappropriate flight: they are replaced by powerful sweeps by freezing in the air.
The admiral butterflies also have a kindred species - a burdock or strep thistle, often called the pink admiral. They are similar in size as well as behavior and distribution. The color of the representatives of this species differs orange-pink range of shades of decor.
The butterfly admiral is one of the most unique and unique species on the territory of Eurasia. In order that the number of individuals does not decrease, biologists call for the adoption of important conservation measures. Not new information on making the species in the Red Book. The rarity of the insect is due to thoughtless and massive destruction of forests, the widespread use of harmful substances and compounds that pollute the nature.
How does a butterfly live and what does it eat?
What does the butterfly admiral itself feed on? When it appears to the world as a caterpillar, it feeds on nettles, thistles and many other plants. Interestingly, the leaves are important for the insect during this period, both as a means of sustenance and as a means of protection. Turning into a butterfly, she begins to eat nectar of flowers. By the end of the summer, fruits and berries become a delicacy for her.
Reproduction is an important part of the life of any organism. Butterflies - insects with a full cycle of transformation. It begins with the laying of eggs, from which larvae are born. Subsequently, they turn into pupae, from which an adult specimen emerges. The display is carried out by the female, conquered during the mating season by the male.
Butterfly: description and photo. The structure and appearance of butterflies
In the structure of the butterfly, there are two main sections: the body, protected by a solid chitinous shell and wings.
A butterfly is an insect whose body consists of:
- Head, loosely connected to the chest. The head of the butterfly has a rounded shape with a slightly flattened back of the head. The round or oval bulging eyes of a butterfly in the form of hemispheres, occupying most of the lateral surface of the head, have a complex facet structure. Butterflies have a color vision, and moving objects are perceived better than motionless ones. Many species have extra simple parietal eyes behind the antennae. The structure of the oral apparatus depends on the species and may be sucking or gnawing type.
- Breast having a three-segment structure. The front part is much smaller than the middle and back, where there are three pairs of legs, which have a characteristic structure for insects. On the legs of the front legs of the butterfly are spurs, designed to maintain hygiene of the antennae.
- Abdomen, having the form of an elongated cylinder consisting of ten segments of an annular shape with spiracles on them.
The antennae of the butterfly are located on the border of the parietal and frontal parts of the head. They help butterflies to orient themselves in their surroundings, perceiving vibrations of air and various odors.
The length and structure of the antennae depend on the belonging to the species.
Two pairs of butterfly wings, covered with flat scales of different shapes, have a webbed structure and are pierced with transverse and longitudinal veins. The size of the hind wings can be the same with the front wings or much smaller. The pattern of butterfly wings varies from species to species and enchants with its beauty.
When macro photography, the scales on the wings of butterflies are very clearly visible - they can have completely different shapes and colors.
Butterfly Wings - Macro
Butterfly Wing Macro
The appearance and color of butterfly wings are not only used for intraspecific sexual recognition, but also act as protective camouflage, which allows it to merge with the surrounding environment. Therefore, colors can be both monochrome and variegated with a complex pattern.
The size of the butterfly, or better to say the wingspan of the butterfly, can vary from 2 mm to 31 cm.
Butterfly wings speckled peacock with pattern of cobra
Classification and types of butterflies
More than 158 thousand representatives are included in the numerous detachment of Lepidoptera. There are several classification systems for butterflies, quite complex and intricate, with changes constantly occurring in them. The most successful is the scheme dividing this squad into four sub-orders:
1) Primary toothed moths. These are small butterflies, the wingspan of which varies from 4 to 15 mm, with a mouthpiece of a gnawing type and antennae, which reach a length of up to 75% of the size of the front wings. The family consists of 160 species of butterflies.
Typical representatives are:
- golden melkokraty (lat. Micropteryx calthella),
- kaluznitsevy small-winged (lat. Micropteryx calthella).
Golden-winged Golden butterfly
2) Butterflyless butterflies. The wingspan of these insects, covered with dark small scales with cream or black spots, does not exceed 25 mm. Until 1967, they were classified as primary toothed moles, with which this family has much in common.
The most famous butterflies from this suborder:
- flour fire (lat. Asopia farinalis l.),
- spruce pine cone (lat. Dioryctrica abieteila).
3) Heterobatmia, represented by one family Heterobathmiidae.
4) The proboscis butterflies that make up the most numerous suborder, consisting of several dozen families, which include more than 150 thousand species of butterflies. The appearance and size of representatives of this suborder are very diverse. Below are a few families that demonstrate the diversity of proboscis butterflies.
- Family Sailboatsrepresented by medium and large butterflies with a wingspan of 50 to 280 mm. Drawing on the wings of butterflies consists of black, red or blue spots of various shapes, clearly visible on a white or yellow background. The most famous of them are:
- Butterfly swallowtail
- Sailboat "Glory of Bhutan",
- Bird-winged Queen Alexandra and others.
Queen Alexandra's bird-wing (Ornithoptera alexandrae)
Sailing boat "Glory of Bhutan" (Bhutanitis lidderdalii)
- Nymphalida family, a characteristic feature of which is the absence of thickened veins on wide angular wings with variegated coloration and diverse patterns. Butterfly wingspan varies from 50 to 130 mm. Representatives of this family are:
- Admiral butterfly
- Peacock butterfly
- Butterfly urticaria,
- Butterfly mourning, etc.
Admiral Butterfly (Vanessa atalanta)
Butterfly urticaria (Aglais urticae)
- Brazhniki Family, represented by butterflies with narrow wings, the span of which does not exceed 13 cm and has a characteristic pattern. The abdomen of these insects is thickened fusiform. The most famous butterflies of this family:
- Hawk Moth "dead head"
- Hawthorn oleander,
- Hawthorn poplar.
Deadhead Hawk Moth (Acherontia atropos)
Oleander Hawk Moth (Daphnis nerii)
Hawthorn poplar Laothoe populi
- Scoop familywhich includes more than 35,000 species of moths. The average gray scale with a metallic tint of fluffy wings is 35 mm. However, in South America there is a species of agrippina tizania butterflies with a wingspan of 31 cm or a peacock-atlas atlas, the size of which resembles a bird of average size.
Butterfly tizaniya Agrippina (Thysania agrippina)
Butterfly Peacock Atlas
Where do butterflies live in nature?
The distribution area of butterflies on the planet is very wide. It does not include only the icy expanses of Antarctica. Butterflies live everywhere from North America and Greenland to the coast of Australia and the island of Tasmania. The greatest number of species found in Peru and India. These fluttering insects fly not only in the flowering valleys, but also high in the mountains.
What eat butterflies?
The diet of many butterflies consists of pollen and nectar of flowering plants. Many species of butterflies feed on tree sap, overripe and rotting fruit. And hawk hawk is a real gourmet because it often flies into the beehives of the bees and tastes the honey they collect.
Some nymphalidae butterflies need various trace elements and additional moisture. Their source is excrement, urine and sweat of large animals, wet clay, as well as human sweat.
For example, butterflies from the Amazon rainforest drink tears of turtles and crocodiles.
There are species of butterflies that do not have an oral apparatus: they use those nutrient reserves that were accumulated in the caterpillar stage to maintain their vital activity.
These butterflies include the Madagascar comet, whose wingspan is 14-16 cm. The life expectancy of this butterfly is 2-3 days.
Butterfly Madagascar Comet (Saturnia Madagascar) (argema mittrei)
Also among the butterflies there are "vampires". For example, the males of some species of scoop support their strength thanks to the blood and tears of animals. Such is the butterfly vampire (lat. Calyptra).
Stage of breeding butterflies. The transformation of the caterpillar into a butterfly.
Most butterflies have complex forms of courtship during the mating season, expressed in flying and dancing. The mating process, during which the female receives from the male in addition to the sperm a supply of necessary trace elements and proteins, is sometimes delayed for several hours.
The caterpillar turns into a butterfly
The life cycle of a butterfly consists of 4 phases (stages):
Butterfly life begins with an egg. В зависимости от видовой и родовой принадлежности бабочка откладывает яйца на листья или ветки растений. Это может быть до 1000 оплодотворенных яиц круглой, цилиндрической или яйцеобразной формы. Окраска яиц может быть белой, зеленоватой, желтой, красной, иногда с рисунком. Данная стадия жизни бабочки длится в пределах 8-15 дней.
- Гусеница (личинка)
В этой стадии насекомому присуща червеобразная форма. Mouth apparatus in gnawing-type larvae. A special feature of the caterpillar is the presence of its special glands, which produce a substance that quickly hardens from contact with air and forms a semblance of a durable silk thread. Butterfly caterpillars feed mainly on plant food: fruits, flowers, and plant leaves. However, there are caterpillars whose diet is made up of wool, horny substances, and even wax.
- Baby doll
Depending on the species, the pupa may have an elongated cylindrical and even round shape. A monochromatic cocoon sometimes has a pattern formed by stripes, dots and spots. At this stage of development, butterflies, proboscis and legs are already present in embryo.
Transformation of a caterpillar into a pupa
- Imago (adult, butterfly)
Depending on the species, the life span of a butterfly can vary from a few hours to 10 months. The imago is already capable of reproduction and settling, which is its main function.
The transformation of the pupa into a butterfly (imago)
What do butterflies do in winter?
It is noteworthy that the butterflies spend the winter in different ways. There are species of butterflies that, having left the pupa, live only during the summer, and die with the onset of cold weather. Some survive the winter in the egg stage, but most of it does, being a dolly. There are species that are already cold by adult insects and hiding from them in the hollows of trees or deep cracks in the bark. These are urticaria, tarnite and limonnitsa.
Butterfly lemnice (garlic)
But there are exceptions to the rule.
Some representatives of Lepidoptera prefer to leave their habitats without waiting for the onset of adverse conditions. They just fly to warmer places. The most famous "travelers" are the oleander hawk and monarch.
Migration of monarch butterflies to warm lands
The benefits and harm of butterflies
It is noteworthy that butterflies bring both great benefits and harm to agriculture. In the caterpillar stage, they destroy the leaves on the fruit trees, which leads to a loss of harvest. At the same time, adult butterflies help cross-pollination and self-pollination of plants. Both caterpillars and adults serve as food for many birds. And it is not necessary to speak about the benefits of the silkworm - it is a producer of natural silk.
It has a wide habitat - Eurasia, the North American continent, the islands of the Northern Hemisphere, northern Africa. It avoids a tropical climate, but it can be found in the mountains (not higher than 2.6 thousand km). Like all butterflies, Admiral eats nectar, so that it can be found everywhere: in the meadows and lawns of the forest or park, in the gardens.
They appear in the northern places of their range in May-June and can stay there until October. They prefer to lay eggs on nettles, hops and thistles, which then serve as food for the caterpillars. Caterpillars in time turn into pupae with golden specks, of which then a new butterfly appears.
These butterflies gather in flocks and fly over the mountains and the Mediterranean Sea. In the autumn cold, they migrate to the warm southern part (Africa), where they lay eggs and die. This new generation in the warm period is again migrating to the northern regions. But some specimens remain to winter in cold places. They wait out the winter under the bark of trees, in the cracks, falling into hibernation. And in the spring, when it gets warmer, they fly out again.
Etymology of the name
The specific epithet atalanta (Greek mythology) goes back to Atalanta, the heroine of the hunting for the Kalidon boar, which ran the fastest of all people on earth. The daughter of the king of Arcadia Iasi (iasa) and klimeny. Her father, wanting to have only sons, threw the girl on the mountain of Parthenius, and the bear fed her until the atalanta was picked up by hunters in the forest.
Regarding the origin of the generic name vanessa, there are several versions. According to one of them, it comes from the eponymous female name. According to another version, the name is consonant with the ancient Greek version of the word "phanessa", which meant the demiurge deity. This version is unlikely: the name of the deity in the original sounds like "phanes" (Russian version of phanet). The name of the genus was given by the Danish entomologist Johann of the Christians of the factories, who used the names of ancient deities when naming new taxa.
Description of the species
The admiral butterfly belongs to the family of the nymphalidae, a genus of Vanessa. The length of the front wing of the insect reaches 30 mm, wingspan 50-65 mm. Vanessaatlanta diurnal butterfly with a wavy outer edge of the wings and a prominent protrusion on the front wing. Such a structure is characteristic of the genus Vaness. The upper edge of the wings is dark brown or brown. At the top of the front wing there is a noticeably elongated white spot, near it there is a chain of light spots of various shapes and sizes.
At the outer edge of the rear wings passes a strip of similar color. There are 4-5 black dots in a row on it. In the corner of the rear wing blue elongated spot. The back of the wings is covered with a variegated mosaic pattern of red, white, gray, and brown streaks. On the front wings of the main pattern complement the blue rings and stripes.
The body of the insect is brown or black, the chest is covered with long brown hairs. The head is sedentary, with large faceted eyes on the sides. Admirals distinguish many colors: blue, green, yellow, but do not notice red. Around the organs of vision grow small setae. Between them in the frontal part are segmented antennae. For admirals, they end in an extended mace. At the bottom of the head is the oral apparatus in the form of a proboscis. In a calm state, it coils. A proboscis butterfly sucks nectar down the throat.
The thoracic region consists of three segments, each of which carries a pair of walking legs. The forelimbs of the nymphalid family are covered with dense setae that act as an organ of touch.
Butterfly species admiral
The amazing colors of the insect with admiral colors and band are found in two main species variants. The first variant, with an orange-red stripe on a dark brown, almost black background of the wings, is called succinctly - the red admiral butterfly. The temperate climate zone of Eurasia and North America is the territory of its habitat. The white admiral butterfly is a inhabitant of the forests of Eurasia. The main background of the wings is black. A white strip with specks passes along the same route, creating a contrasting color from black and white tones. The picture serves as an excellent disguise from predators.
In addition to the color range, the white admiral is distinguished by a peculiar character of flight. A series of strong flapping wings gives way to a long soaring in the air. Butterfly preferences are associated with flowering blackberry, cantaloupe. In the thickets of the forest, honeysuckle bushes are the favorite place of the white admiral for laying eggs. A related species of admiral butterfly is considered to be a thistle (burdock). The second name of the insect is the pink admiral.
The general genus of the vanessa of the nymphalid family largely explains the similarity in size and lifestyle of an active migrant. Color butterfly light orange with a pinkish tinge. Figures on a bright background consist of black and white specks, ties. Butterflies overcome long haul flights in North Africa. Warming drives them back to Europe, Asia. The breeding of butterflies takes place in temperate latitudes. Thistle eggs are laid on forage plants: nettle, yarrow, mother and stepmother, burdock.
In the Lepidoptera detachment, not only admiral butterflies are noteworthy. Mistress, with a large wingspan of up to 10 cm, strikes with a thick velvet surface of the wings, trimmed with a white and yellow jagged border with blue spots. The name is given for the dark color of a brown-black fly-fly, sometimes with a purple tint.
Like the admiral butterflies, limbgrass belongs to the category of winged insects. On each wing there is a sharp corner, as if specially cut. When the butterfly is resting, sharp corners cover it from prying eyes. The butterfly's greenish outfit makes it almost imperceptible in the greenery of gardens and parks. Among the relatives of the butterfly admiral urticaria is known for the brick-red background of the wings, on which black, yellow spots alternate with light patches on the tops. Blue spots on a black base run along the perimeter of the wings.
In the nymphalide family, which unites different butterflies, there are very noticeable common signs - the brightness and color saturation, protrusions and notches on the outer edge of the wings. The admiral butterfly, despite the diversity of insects, is recognized as one of the most original species in Europe and Asia. Preserving its numbers requires security measures. The butterfly admiral in the Red Book appeared under the influence of negative factors of deforestation, the use of chemicals.
How does a butterfly live?
Insects of this species are distinguished by a dynamic lifestyle. If you meet an individual at the time of its rest, for example, on a tree trunk, then it will be impossible to discern a fancy color on the back of the wings, since they seem to merge with the bark, masking themselves, to prevent predators from attacking. When the weather is rainy, butterflies try to hide in the cracks of buildings or in the natural fissures of trees.
However, if insects fall asleep in their shelter, they risk turning into food for birds. In addition to birds, butterflies can be an addition to the diet of rodents or bats. As is known, the latter are hunted using echolocation. In turn, the abundant body coat of an individual sometimes protects it from such an attack. Admiral's butterflies can also be attributed to the natural enemies of praying mantis and wasps, frogs and lizards, spiders and dragonflies. All of them are able to eat an insect at any stage of its life: in the form of an egg, a larva and a cocoon.
For moths Vanessaatlanta is characterized by courtship and mating games. During the breeding season, males exhibit territorial behavior. They occupy good areas where the fodder plant grows and drive away competitors. Each has a territory of 10 by 20 m. Moths patrol their own sector, flying around the perimeter. Admirals often circle over hills to notice from afar and intercept a flying female. The male flies for a long time for his partner, seeking her favor. Mating takes several hours. During this period, insects do not respond to external factors and are in a vulnerable position.
A fertilized female lays one egg each on the upper part of the leaves of forage plants:
- thistle (Carduus),
- stinging nettle (Urticadiolica),
- stinging nettle (Urticaurens),
- Hops (Humuluslupulus).
Masonry takes a long time. Periodically, the female interrupts and flies away to nourish nectar from the nearest flowers or tree sap. Often there is a situation when several admirals lay eggs on one nettle bush.
Initially, they are light green, with the development of the embryo acquire a dark color. The eggs are small, 0.8 mm in size, difficult to see with the naked eye. After a week, the larva appears. What does the admiral butterfly caterpillar look like? When it appears from the egg is green, the body is covered with bristles. The head is large, black and shiny. The size of the larvae 1.8 mm. Caterpillars live separately, build peculiar houses of folded leaves, fastened with cobwebs. Asylum is left only for food. After molting, a new house is being built, larger.
As it grows, its color changes. There are instances of yellow-green, brown or black. The body is completely covered with small white dots, branched spikes and growths. On the sides are light yellow stripes. Admiral butterfly caterpillar passes 5 ages. It takes about 1 month. The first four ages take 3-4 days, the fifth longest. The adult caterpillar grows to 35 mm. On her body are seven longitudinal rows with sharp spikes. The last stage of the larva takes 10 days.
At the end of development, the larva stops feeding. She gnaws on the base of the leaf so that the house hangs on the veins of the stem. Inside such a structure, the caterpillar pupates upside down. The pupa is 22–23 mm long, gray or brown in color with silvery inclusions. The duration of the phase depends on the temperature. At + 30 ° C imago appears after 6-7 days, if the figure drops to + 11-18 ° C - the time increases to 18-45 days. A young butterfly emerges from the pupa. Her wings are small and take time to expand.
How to care for butterflies at home?
If the decision is made to get the Admiral butterfly at home, it is important to understand that this beauty lives for about ten months. For this purpose, you can look after and take a caterpillar or pupa of this species directly from the street. In order not to damage the insect and know what plants it eats, it is better to take a caterpillar with a leaf. It is better not to take it with your hands in order not to cause harm and not to carry the infection. Look for is among her favorite food (for example, among nettle). Remember that caterpillars of this species love to wrap themselves on a leaf of a plant.
First of all, you need to prepare a transparent plastic or glass container. You can use a glass aquarium. It should contain plants as food, soil and twigs from the trees, along which the caterpillars will crawl and then turn into pupae. For the supply of future butterflies Admiral nettle, common hop, types of thistles are perfect.
This container is covered on top of a fine mesh or gauze for air. Leaves for food need to be changed every day. They can be washed and sprayed with water - this will be another source of water for the caterpillar. Leaves can be placed in tubes with water for flowers, but vases and jars are not suitable for this purpose - caterpillars in them can drown, accidentally falling down.
Also, to maintain moisture, such a container should be moistened by spraying it with a spray bottle. For comfort, the bottom of such a container is covered with a paper towel or napkins.
After a certain period, the caterpillar turns into a pupa. At this time, the caterpillar becomes less active and changes its color, eats poorly. The process of pupation lasts about two to three days. It is desirable to set the temperature at the level of + 26 ... +29 ° C, humidity - about 90%. It is necessary to constantly spray the container during this period for better development.
The pupa should be placed so that in the future it was possible to spread its wings unhindered. To do this, if necessary, you can move a twig or a leaf in a better place for this container.
After the pupa becomes a butterfly, the question becomes actual - what do butterflies eat at home, including in winter? Admirals, like all other species, eat nectar from flowers. To cook it at home, you need to mix sugar or honey with water in a ratio of 1:10. You can also put juicy fruits (pears, plums, oranges). It is better to take the middle of the fruit, because the peel can be treated with chemicals. For convenience, nectar and fruit are placed in a saucer. They are fed once or twice a day.
Temperature conditions should be in the range of +24 to +30 ° C. If the room is dry, then you need to spray on the butterfly from the spray gun, keeping a distance of about 30 cm. At the time of sleep this winged creature is moved into a box with a moistened cloth or foam rubber, you can use a special entomological envelope. It is necessary to follow certain safety rules in order to properly care for the butterfly at home, as this is a very fragile creation.
- do not take her hands on the wings, so as not to damage them,
- ensure that the windows and doors to the street are closed if it is outside the container,
- it is better to keep away from the source of light and heat, these creatures should be kept out of the reach of small children and pets (especially if there is a cat or dog in the house),
- you can’t catch them with your hands, it’s better to wait for her to sit down and then gently take her by the fingers,
- make sure that the butterflies in the container (aquarium) do not fly, because due to the small size of the container they can hit the walls and lose their attractiveness.
Butterfly species Admiral was once guarded by the Red Book of Russia (since 1997). Today it is excluded from it, although the Admiral is in the Red Book of the Smolensk region. The number of individuals of this species can vary greatly.
Butterfly Admiral is considered one of the most beautiful Lepidoptera. This beautiful creature always pleases the eye and causes positive emotions. If the Admiral butterfly flew into your house, then, according to signs, this foreshadows joyful events in your personal life. Winged beauty must be carefully caught and set free. And you can leave at home, create a comfortable environment for her and admire her beauty.