Breeding geese is a great business option. The mini-farm will begin to pay off in six months, and in a couple of years it will be released on a stable profit. In order to successfully realize meat, eggs, fluff and other products of goose breeding, owners will have to register a legal entity, acquire the necessary certificates and correctly calculate financial investments.
How to breed geese at home? Read our new article with step by step instructions!
Breeding geese as a business: profitable or not?
Breeding geese as a business has the following benefits:
- fast growth. The gosling size and weight needed for the slaughter are obtained within 3-4 months after birth,
- good performance. Purebred geese carry about 70 eggs per year.
- unpretentiousness and simplicity in the content,
- resistance to diseases and infections
- low costs for fattening and maintenance of poultry,
- wasteless production. You can implement not only goose and eggs, but also offal, feather, down. Breeding stock is also in demand, as well as goose droppings, which are used as fertilizer.
How to breed guinea fowls at home and what are the main advantages of this field of activity, you can find out in the next article.
Domestic breeding of geese as a business: profitable or not?
Farm breeding geese as a business: where to start, how to succeed?
- To begin work you need to choose a place for the future farm. The easiest way is to rent a country plot with free access to water. The ideal reservoir for gusevodstva - small river with backwaters or a small pond. An industrial pit with gentle slopes to the water will also be suitable.
It is desirable that the leased land over time can be redeemed. Own area significantly increases the profitability of the farm.
- The next item is registration of a legal entity. The process of collecting papers can take from several days to a month, so it is worth starting in advance.
- Having resolved a legal issue, arrange the space. A goose needs a poultry house with rather thick wooden walls and a solid roof. Any barn that can be further edged with boards will do. Near you need to organize a spacious walking with access to water. The bird house is recommended to be equipped with an incubator, it will increase the number of eggs and the survival rate of newborn goslings.
- Purchase a tribal egg or young. It is recommended to begin breeding geese at home for beginners with breeds that are rapidly gaining weight, unpretentious and differing in strong immunity. The choice should be made depending on which direction you plan to develop.
Growing sturgeon at home: video and recommendations on the content, you will find in the article on the link.
Breeding geese as a business: where to start and how to succeed in this area?
Step by step breeding geese at home for beginners: the main ways
Geese can be kept on the run or in the aviary. Many poultry farmers combine these methods. The bird needs a spacious wooden poultry house with a solid roof and walls without cracks. For more heat, they can be sheathed with two layers of planks, pouring straw or sawdust between them.
The earthen floor must be covered with a thick layer of hay, which will protect the paws of geese from fungal diseases.
Hay mixed with droppings should be changed frequently to avoid the appearance of parasites. The house should be dry, the bird does not tolerate excessive moisture and drafts. In the cold season it is recommended to use additional lighting and heating.
A very important point - the organization of walking. Most of the time geese should be held outdoors, this ensures their normal development and good weight gain, increases egg production. Small open-air cages with green grass will suit the goslings; the adult bird will need more spacious walking with access to water.
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How to breed geese at home and how to feed the birds?
How to reproach the birds?
Feeding geese is not expensive. The basis of the diet consists of grain-based feed, to which are added legumes, greens, hay dust and chopped root crops (beets, boiled potatoes, carrots).
A mandatory component of the feed is fish oil and yeast, as well as ready-made vitamin-mineral complexes that increase egg production.
In the cold season, the amount of feed should be increased, alternating wet mixes with dry grain. The geese are fed three times a day, frequent meals increase egg production and allow the bird to gain weight faster. In the summer, part of the diet is grass, which the birds get on the run, its amount can reach up to 3 kg per head.
The geese need to provide clean water. Drinking bowls should always be full, the bird not only often drinks, but also rinses its beak in the water, protecting itself from infections. Mandatory part of care - vaccination twice a year.
Mandatory item - export goose droppings. It can be sold to farmers engaged in crop production, as well as owners of suburban areas. It is worth considering that for the implementation of litter on an industrial scale it is necessary to obtain the appropriate certificate in the veterinary inspection. Unrealized residues must be disposed of.
Legal subtleties breeding geese
Owners of personal subsidiary farms, producing goose meat for personal needs, as well as selling products to relatives and friends, do not need registration and mandatory certification.
However, farmers who want to expand production and trade in the market or in the store, are required to go through all the necessary procedures.
The easiest way is to register as an individual entrepreneur, which will allow you to pay taxes under a simplified scheme. This option is ideal for farms with a minimum of workers. The registration field at the tax inspectorate and pension fund must obtain a veterinary certificate for its products. Without it, meat and eggs will not be accepted for sale.
What documents are required for registration of the PI and how to fill them in correctly, you can read here.
The approximate business plan of breeding geese with the calculation of income and expenses.
Business plan breeding geese: expenses and income
For example, you can take a small farm of 500 heads:
- The purchase of a breeding bird will take about 40,000 rubles, another 15,000 will be needed for the construction of the poultry house, the organization of nests and walking.
- Registration of documentation for the farm and obtaining veterinary certificates will cost 30,000 rubles.
- The purchase of feed and monthly maintenance of the house will take about 15,000 rubles.
- To the costs added the rent of land for the farm - about 150,000 rubles.
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Nuances of product sales
To sell products of gusevodstva can be on the markets or industry fairs. Whole and gutted carcasses are to be sold; offal can be sold separately: heart, liver, kidney. There is a demand for high-quality goose down or a feather enumerated.
A convenient and profitable option is the sale of meat by prior arrangement. For example, for the New Year holidays, you can specifically fatten geese to the desired size. Sales on demand simplifies implementation.
It is possible to sell goose not only to individuals, but also to restaurateurs who rely on an environmentally friendly and useful product. In restaurants, you can offer offal and fillet, which is more expensive than whole carcasses.
Delivery of goose to purchasers is the most disadvantageous option, since prices for this category of consumers are very low.
This option is only suitable for large farms that do not rely on high quality products, but on a quick turnaround. Owners of mini-farms are better off mastering related industries.
Down and feather collected on your own farm, you can use for stuffing pillows, which can also be sold independently. The advantage of a goose is waste-free production, this feature should be used with full dedication.
A promising option - the sale of breeding eggs and young. If you purchased a high-quality bird, such a business can bring substantial profits. You can sell a breeding egg at fairs or specialized Internet portals.
Information about the farm and its products can be disseminated through industry magazines, both print and virtual.
How to breed geese at home? The answer is contained in the following video tutorial:
How not to be mistaken with the choice of breed
One of the oldest species of poultry is geese. Being an excellent source of inexpensive food and healthy fat and fluff in the household, they even became heroes of fairy tales, songs and ancient legends. So they loved the common people. Yes, and now cultivation of geese for many remains a valuable source of income and natural products. There are several reasons for this:
- goose meat has excellent taste,
- their liver is not only healthy, but is also a recognized delicacy,
- they have large, tasty eggs,
- down and feathers are valued for their softness, are excellent insulation and stuffing material for pillows.
Before starting such a responsible business as growing geese, it is necessary to decide in which direction the work will be carried out, as the birds fall into three categories:
- Heavy breeds, they are grown to get meat, liver. Their representatives are distinguished by a large body weight, but low ability to carry eggs. For this reason, such breeds are rather difficult to breed and are not suitable for large industrial poultry farms. In addition, the price is quite high. These include lindovskaya and large gray rocks.
- Medium-heavy geese are inherently universal, they contain enough meat, but at the same time they have medium egg production. In addition, this category includes decorative breeds that are bred not for food, but to decorate the natural landscape in a rural style. Outstanding representatives are the Rhine and ribbon geese.
- Light breeds are mainly bred for industrial purposes, as they carry a lot of eggs, are very easy and fast to breed, but do not have a large body weight, for example, Kuban or Italian geese.
What kind of geese prefer novice farmers
It is difficult to breed geese of some breeds due to the complex nature of the birds, not all of them are distinguished by their gentle disposition, therefore not all of them are suitable for beginners. It is best to start with such breeds as:
- Gorky - very hardy geese, with lots of meat and excellent egg production. Small difficulties can cause a poorly developed incubation instinct in females.
- Kholmogorsky is a great place to start a new business. Unpretentious to growing conditions, feed, are flexible and fast maturation.
- Large gray is grown not only for meat and eggs, but also for the liver, they have good chickens, however, for their content a water body is needed.
- Growing geese of the Italian white breed is also suitable for beginners, they have a large body weight, but you can feed them for different directions, and so on. and to collect eggs.
- Arzamas and Chinese are good in all respects: they grow fast, are hardy and have high meat productivity.
Keeping poultry at home
Adult geese can be kept in different temperature conditions, but the young need a strictly defined temperature. Chicks aged 5-7 usually lodge in a warm room. As the goslings grow, the temperature gradually decreases from 28 degrees to 24. When they reach 20 days, the temperature can reach 18 degrees.
Since birth, geese do not need much space, about 1 square meter. m. for 10 pieces, if the temperature is higher than recommended, then 6-7 individuals per square meter. You can keep them in the summer kitchen, but when they are 3 weeks old, you will have to take care of a separate dwelling.
Starting to take the first steps in the poultry industry, it is best to grow the first batch of geese for slaughter. Juveniles will live 2-2.5 months, so separate capital buildings will not be needed. The birds will spend the whole day outdoors, at night they will sleep in a shed or under a shed. Many make of the rails and mesh mobile goose.
Before settling new residents, the premises must be sanitized, whitened, the floor should be covered with clean straw, at least 15 cm thick. The problem of feeding is solved by walking, geese feed on large quantities of pasture.
Council Teach goslings of a week-old walking a pasture gradually, daily increasing the time spent in the open air. Choose a place for walking carefully, wetlands or ravines are not suitable for kids.
Rules feeding geese
Pasture size grows as eaters grow: for two-month-old goslings - this is 1 sq. M., The older geese need 5 sq. M. per individual, and adults need 15 sq.m. Therefore, in a limited area, for example, in conditions of summer cottage, it is possible to keep geese in aviaries, providing them with freshly mown grass, mixed feed, root crops and food waste. For digestion, geese need fine gravel - at least 1% of the total amount of feed, as well as fortified supplements for proper growth and development.
When growing geese for meat, the feed should consist of half of highly concentrated feed mixtures, as well as fresh herbs. Another nuance is the ability of these birds to distinguish the temperature of food, so you need to ensure that it is not too cold or hot.
Avian Disease Prevention
Compliance with the rules of hygiene is also necessary, in most cases of mass diseases when growing geese, the owners are guilty, who do not observe cleanliness. It is necessary not only to clean the house and take care of the freshness of the water, but also to disinfect the inventory: feeders, drinkers, trays, nests, etc.
The litter should be regularly updated; as a preventive measure for enteritis, geese should be protected from walking on wet grass, for example, after rain or dew. Another measure is the addition to the feed of geese drugs to combat bacterial infections.
It is necessary to score goslings at the age of 70 days, but if this period is missed for various reasons, you should wait another 60-70 days and only then proceed to the slaughter. These terms are associated with the active growth of feathers, during which geese are not killed.
Mastering a farm is easy, but it will take patience, hard work and free time. If the temperature regimes are observed, the conditions for growing geese, there is enough space for them, the business will turn out to be profitable and you can think about expanding it: buying new breeds and breeding goslings.
Where to begin?
So, the first question that arises: how to start breeding geese? The first thing to do is choose a place where the birds will live. Remember that the conditions in which you will keep the geese, depends on their health, and accordingly, your profit. These birds are not demanding at all, but you should know a few rules on the equipment of the goose. The basic requirements are very simple and banal:
- the goose should be spacious
- well lit
- have no drafts, but are well ventilated,
- the house must be insulated.
If you ignore these conditions of detention, you can forget about good fertility, egg production and high-quality meat.
First of all, choose a place under the goose, it is best to place it on a hill so that after the rains the water does not leak inside. If there is no such place initially, then it is possible to make an elevation artificially. It is also recommended, if possible, to place the goose near the reservoirs. In the summer heat geese with pleasure in them will cool.
Having decided on the place, calculate the required size of the room where you are going to breed geese. Consider: for poultry to feel comfortable, there should be a lot of space in the roaster. With a large number of geese in a small area there is a high probability of the appearance of various bacteria and infections that can be very dangerous for the life of birds. The best is the calculation of 1 goose per 1 square meter.
The walls of the goose are best made of wood or brick, but in general any material will do. The main thing is that the walls were strong and without cracks. The floor is often made concrete, but since it does not warm well, it is necessary to put a good layer of hay, sawdust.
You also need to take care of a small courtyard, where birds can walk. This courtyard must be fenced in order to protect domestic birds from the attack of wild animals, if they are found in your area.
The room in which you are engaged in the cultivation and maintenance of geese, you need to equip the necessary equipment. This trough, drinkers and always nest. Requirements in drinking bowls and feeders are not strict, they can be of any shape and type, as long as the birds are comfortable to reach them. Гнезда зачастую делаются из деревянных или картонных коробок. Гнезд в помещении, в котором вы планируете разведение гусей, должно быть несколько, расчет примерно такой: 2 гусыни на 1 гнездо.
После того, как вы полностью обустроили помещение, в котором собираетесь выращивать гусей, необходимо собственно определиться с выбором породы и решить, где и как их приобрести.
So, when choosing a breed, the first thing to do is to decide on the purpose of its keeping and breeding. The most common goals are:
- to provide household meat and eggs
- keeping and breeding for the purpose of selling meat and eggs,
- keeping and breeding for the purpose of selling goslings.
Then, starting from your goals, choose the breed that suits you.
If you have no experience of breeding geese at all, then it is best to buy goslings that have turned a few days. The price for them is slightly higher than the daily allowance, but since you are more likely to survive. It is best to transport small goslings in a special container, as they are very weak and do not tolerate temperature fluctuations. If you don’t have one, you can arrange delivery with the owner of the farm where you are making the purchase.
By following these simple rules, you will increase your chances of buying healthy young animals several times, which in a short time will bring you a good profit.
Hen or incubator
Little goslings can be bred in two ways: using a hen and in an incubator.
So, if you have decided to bring the geese in the incubator, put them in a clean, disinfected room, be sure to warm it up beforehand. It is possible to heat the goslings themselves with the help of the most ordinary water-filled heating pad. In order for them to develop and grow properly, you must observe the following temperature conditions of the water in the heater: from 1 to 5 days, the water should be 28-24 degrees, from 6-10th day - 24-22 degrees, and from 11 to 20 day, keep the temperature around 22-15 degrees. Failure to comply with this condition can significantly slow down the growth of goslings, make them more sluggish and even lead to death. As soon as the goslings reach three weeks of age - “heating” can be removed. When the goslings are strong enough, they can and even need to be let out to the fresh air into the yard.
In that case, if you chose to grow goslings with the help of a hen, you need to put 11-14 eggs under the goose. This method is best used in the spring, when the goose ends the egg-laying period and the incubation instinct wakes up. The room in which the breeding of geese occurs is best provided at the time of incubation only on the hen. It should be quiet and calm so that the goose is not nervous and not distracted by other sounds. The temperature in the goose should not fall below 14 degrees.
In order for geese to feel comfortable and easy to breed, it is necessary to create comfortable conditions of detention.
The temperature in the house should be quite high, about 22-30 degrees. If the temperature is regularly above or below this norm, the geese will cease to nest, or even fall ill.
It is also important to monitor the humidity of the air in the room where you are breeding. It should be no higher than 60%. To ensure this condition, when building a goose, it is necessary to take care of high-quality ventilation. If the humidity of the air is below 50%, then the geese may begin to fall feathers and appear irritation on the mucous membrane of the eye. Highly high humidity is also dangerous, when it appears mold, which provokes very dangerous diseases in birds.
Do not forget to hang in the lamp goose (about 60 watts). To ensure good egg-laying, daylight hours should last 14 hours.
In summer, it is recommended to release geese into pastures and drive them into the premises only for the night. Geese are herbivorous birds, so choose a place for pasture more green. Make sure that there is a shadow under which they can hide in the very heat.
In the maintenance and breeding of geese the main role is played by a properly selected diet. As already mentioned, geese birds are herbivores, so they can eat grass and green food in large quantities.
The more fat the goose, the more eggs it can carry. Feed the geese need 3 times a day. In the first two meals, the geese give a wet mash, and in the last - grain.
To feed the little goslings you need to start as soon as they dry out. In the first 2-7 days of life, food should be given 6-7 times a day. It is best to feed boiled eggs mixed with crushed grain and finely chopped greens. Also, sometimes you can give fresh cottage cheese. From 20 days of age, food is served 3 times a day. Be sure to add to the diet of small goslings mineral supplements, for example, ground shells, chalk.
The room in which the goslings live must always be kept in perfect cleanliness. Make sure that the feed never souls, otherwise it may cause an upset stomach in a little gosling. Babies should always have access to clean water.
From 5-10 days of age, the gosling can be let out. The main thing is that the weather was warm and there were no drafts.
Puberty in geese occurs at the end of the first year of life.
The profitability of breeding geese has long been proven. And it is easy to explain: geese are very hardy and quite unpretentious birds. The cost of their maintenance and divorce is very minimal, and profits are high. For comparison: two geese in one season are able to produce more meat than one pig. Geese around the world are famous for the delicate taste of their meat, which contains a large amount of nutrients. Also, besides meat, goose eggs and down are very much appreciated in the market. Therefore, the profitability of the business of breeding geese should not cause you the slightest doubt.
Take into account that it is best to stock in forage in autumn or in winter, since in spring time the price will increase by 20-30%. When buying, keep in mind that one goose requires 13 kg of cereals and about 3 kg of leguminous crops (approximately). This amount of food is enough for the bird to gain 6-7 kg of weight.
Profitability of a goose, at implementation of young growth at the age of 2 months, will make about 115%. This is in view of the sale of fluff, eggs and liver. Please note that when selling a goose at the age of 5-7 months, the profitability will drop significantly and will fall every month by 7-9%. From all this we can conclude that it is best to sell geese at a young age, then you will spend much less money on feed and vitamins. So you will get more profit in a shorter period of time. Statistics show that this business pays off in about 2-3 years.
Each goose for the season blows about 50-60 eggs, and they can easily be sold to small farmers as well as private breeders who have their own incubators.
Also daily demand goslings have a good demand. The remaining ones are grown for meat and after a few months they get commercial geese, which are suitable for further processing. However, not only meat and eggs are suitable for sale. Many farmers sell goose down to various factories, the monthly income is not at all bad, approximately 20-25 thousand rubles. Most factories buy fluff at a price of 300 rubles. for 1 kg.
In conclusion, we can say that the goose is really a golden bird, because they provide raw materials for more than 100 kinds of products. Every year the global demand for geese products is growing and, for example, in China, purchase prices are several times higher than Russian ones.
So, having studied this article, you can safely begin to build a goose, because you now know all about how to breed geese.
Video “Geese and ducks. Breeding basics ”
The video tells about the content of geese and ducks from chicks to fattening at slaughter. Gives tips for beginner poultry farmers.
Breeding geese where to start
In farms, such large birds as geese are very widespread. They are not particularly demanding on food. If there is enough space for pasture, then graze on it. One goose is able to eat about 2 kg. herbs for the day. Thus, in the warm season they need little food, and the weight is well fed.
If there is no pasture, birds are kept in cages or corrals. In this case, they are fed with hay, crushed roots, kitchen waste. Domestic breeding of geese is also beneficial due to the fact that their down is valued above the eider. Geese can be plucked in life, and for three such plucking you can gather so much fluff that its cost will fully pay for the maintenance costs.
When breeding geese is organized in the backyard, their owner needs to know what to do so that his wards do not get sick. To do this, in the cold season, you need to keep the birds in a fairly spacious room and add vitamins and minerals to them in food, as well as ensure that the food is of high quality. In spring and summer, geese better graze in pasture. Geese start to fly quite late - only in the second year of life. But, unlike chickens, their egg production does not decrease, but increases with time. For subsequent incubation, the eggs must be taken from the goose immediately, while they are still warm. This is also necessary so that the bird does not gather to incubate it. The faster a sufficient number of eggs are collected, the better, since it is necessary to lay them in the incubator no later than 15 days. Before that, they need to be kept horizontal and from time to time turned over.
Breeding geese as a business where to start
To get strong and healthy goslings, eggs are carefully checked before incubation. You can not take them if they are too long or round. if there are any defects on the shell. From such good offspring will not work. Also small or overly large eggs are not suitable. For hatching, you can use a homemade or purchased incubator, but you can also put one of the geese on the eggs.
Some birds already have a hatching instinct. It is not difficult to determine them. Such geese usually sit for a long time on a nest and do not leave it far from it. This can be planted on eggs and wait for hatching chicks. This happens after 28-29 days. Goslings dry under the hen and after that they are placed in a box covered with a cloth. No cold or draft is allowed. After hatching all the chicks, they are enclosed to the hen. It is also possible to allow goslings that hatched in the incubator.
A very valuable product that can be obtained from geese is goose down. It is very valuable in the production of blankets, pillows, winter clothes. Twice a year, geese start to molt. At this time they plucked. From 17 geese you can gain so much fluff that it is enough for a blanket.
Immediately after hatching, it is necessary to begin feeding the goslings. At this time they can be given chopped boiled eggs, a mixture of crushed grains. As a vitamin supplement add chopped greens of different plants. Breeding and caring for geese implies a suitable room for rearing. It should be light and warm. However, it is necessary to create conditions for airing. If geese are grown for meat, which is most beneficial for the farmer, then before slaughtering, it is best to keep them indoors and feed them with combined feed. You can add chopped greens, roots, potatoes. For good feeding add yeast.
Breeding geese in the household is a profitable business and, with proper organization, is not too costly. The breed is best to choose a local, adapted to the climatic conditions. It is necessary to decide in which direction to develop geese breeding - for meat, fluff or for sale goslings. Business is sure to be successful.