Small kittens are still very weak, and any infection can easily attack the immature organism. Very often tiny fluffy (as well as adult cats and cats) suffer from suppuration of the eyes, which is usually caused by conjunctivitis.
The owners in such cases are puzzled, than to treat the kitten's eyes at home, and whether it is possible to do without resorting to a veterinary clinic. In fact, most procedures can be done at home, but you still have to visit the vet before that, because only a specialist can determine exactly why the kitten's eyes fester and prescribe the correct treatment for a small animal. And acquiring the prescribed drugs, you can carry out treatment procedures yourself, if the form of the disease is not severe.
The cunning of conjunctivitis is that the eyes do not always clearly fester. In case of viral etiology of the disease, pus does not form, and a clear liquid flows from the peephole. The presence of only abundant transparent secretions is not always on time alarming the owners of kittens who are accustomed to associate the disease with the “glued” pus eyes. The result - the treatment is delayed. The impetus for actions for negligent owners is only that moment when the eyes are already full of purulence.
What can be done before the visit to the doctor
It often happens that for some reason there is no possibility to deliver a fluffy patient to the doctor instantly, at the first signs of illness. But if there is confidence that conjunctivitis became the source of the problem, why not try to start treating your pet at home so as not to trigger the situation? Basically, it’s enough to wash the kitten’s eyes at least 5 times a day if they fester. What is suitable for treatment of washes:
- slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate,
- furatsilin 0,02%,
- boric acid (a teaspoon for half a glass of warm boiled water),
- brewed black tea
- decoctions of sage, calendula or chamomile.
But despite these measures, at the first opportunity you need to show the crumb to the vet, especially if the eyes are still festering.
How to treat
If you allow your pet to rub and scratch their eyes, they will continue to fester and irritation will only intensify. Therefore, in the event of such anxiety, it is necessary to look carefully for any other alarming symptoms. For example, with bacterial conjunctivitis, after sleeping, kittens do not open and their eyes fester, which means that it is time to sound the alarm. After all, if one eye gets sick, soon the infection will pass to the other. In order not to delay the time and not exacerbate the situation, the kitten must be shown to the veterinarian.
After examination, the doctor is likely to prescribe drops. It can be:
- Diamond eyes,
- Albucid (this drug is very plump, you need to be prepared for the fact that the baby can begin to resist and squeak).
Also, if kittens have eyes festering, antibacterial drops (chloramphenicol) can be prescribed.
Risk factors at different ages
The eyes of a cat and any living thing are protected by mucous membranes. These shells perform many functions, but the main ones are cleansing and moisturizing. Abnormal operation of the mucous membranes is an alarming symptom, which may indicate many-sided abnormalities in the functioning of the body.
Important! Discharge from the eyes is always a symptom that cannot be assessed separately, it is necessary to take into account the general condition of the animal.
Kittens are formed individually. The speed of development of the baby and its health indicators strongly depend on the specificity of the breed, care, feeding, period of natural feeding, the presence or absence of helminthic invasion and other factors.
Eye problems in a newborn kitten
Any problems with the eyes of a newborn kitten, talk about violations during fetal development. Immediately after birth and for another 3 weeks the kittens' eyes are closed. Their eyelids are closed with a film that becomes thinner as they grow older. At the time of opening the eyes, the kittens hear well and begin to explore the world through all the senses.
Abnormalities during intrauterine development may have unexpected and unforeseen consequences. Unfortunately, improper care of a cat during pregnancy can lead to the birth of kittens with congenital eye pathologies. The range of possible problems is endless, from chronic inflammation of the mucous membranes to blindness and the physical absence of the eyes.
Eye problems in a kitten at 2 weeks
When the kittens are 2 weeks old, the film, which keeps the eyelids closed, begins to thin and break. Usually the eyes open from the center to the corners. During this period, the eyes of kittens are very vulnerable, but the mucous membranes are ready to withstand the effects of the outside world.
Until the kittens are one month old, it is necessary to ensure that direct sunlight does not fall into the nest. Pupils of small kittens do not have time to react to it and decrease in time, which can lead to burns of the retina.
Suspicious discharge from the eyes suggests a lack of mucous membranes. Simply put, the eyes are exposed to light, air, dust, and mucous membranes are not able to withstand external factors. The problem is that even if the discharge from the eyes appear, the owner fails to notice them, since the cat carefully monitors the hygiene of the offspring.
Note! If you feed the kitten artificially and he has discharge from the eyes, they should be gently cleaned. Unclear white discharge may indicate food allergies.
Eye problems in a monthly kitten
In a month-old kitten, the eyes are completely open, the pupils diminish in time, the irises get a constant color. At about this age kittens begin to taste adult food. If the supplement is administered correctly, no negative influences should be observed.
If the kitten is chewing everything that comes to its attention, including the products that the adult cat eats - irritation of the mucous membranes and discharge from the eyes may indicate individual intolerance. Until a certain age, a kitten's body is not able to assimilate and digest anything except dairy products.
Important! Monthly kittens that are not receiving proper care or are under the influence of a constant viral load may suffer from conjunctivitis, rhinotracheitis and other dangerous diseases.
Breed risk factors
Some, pedigree representatives of the cat family have hereditary tendencies to ailments. It is important to understand that addiction is not a diagnosis, but a warning for the owner, who controls the health of the pet.
The next important nuance is proper breeding. If the breeder observes the rules of breeding and uses only healthy animals for breeding, then the inheritance of diseases is reduced to a minimum.
Scottish or British kitten eye problems
The most common ophthalmic problems in the Scottish or British kitten, oddly enough, is related to the size of the eyes. Many owners of adult cats of these breeds often complain of chronic discharge from the eyes, which leave streaks on the face. Kittens have similar problems for several reasons:
- Defects of nasolacrimal duct formation - lead to abundant discharge of tears for no apparent reason.
- An allergic reaction to food or substances in the environment - that is, food or non-food allergies.
- Physical irritation of the mucous membranes - occurs due to improper formation or growth of eyelashes, eyelid twisting or eversion.
- Poor care - if the cat appears discharge from the eyes, they must be carefully cleaned with moist cotton sponges. When using tea leaves or herbal infusions, without first consulting a veterinarian, irritation may be exacerbated and an allergic reaction may occur.
Almost always, treatment is carried out by a conservative method - drops are prescribed or other procedures that are performed at home. In rare cases, problems are solved surgically.
By the way, besides the discharge from the eyes, on the background of the incorrect formation of the nasolacrimal canal, kittens of the British and Scottish breed may suffer from chronic dryness of the mucous membrane.
Sphynx eye problems
Judging from the breed standard, hairless sphinxes have good health, but the experience of the owners suggests otherwise. All sphinxes have a special character, the owners say that these cats are more like dogs.
At a young age, the Sphynx kitten actively explores the outside world and tries everything that it finds on a tooth. For this reason, many cats get used to eating foods that are absolutely not natural to them. For example, if a cat eats sweets, she is guaranteed to develop eye problems in the form of heavy discharge.
Sphynx are divided into several species, some have a little wool, while others are completely bald. Fully naked cats have no eyelashes. Few people know that eyelashes serve as a protective mechanism that prevents dust from entering the eyes. In this case, the cat may experience chronic problems associated with irritation of the mucous membranes.
Diseases of the street, mongrel kitten
A street kitten is more likely to develop the following ailments affecting the eyes:
- Acute otitis media - irritates the mucous membranes of the mouth and eyes.
- Rinotracheitis and other viral diseases.
- Ulcerative keratitis.
- Food and non-food allergies, especially at the age of 3 months.
- Worm infestation - leads to general intoxication, which contributes to the irritation of mucous membranes and their inflammation.
In kittens that were born and raised on the street, the propensity for the above problems is critically high. As soon as the babies turn 4 weeks old, almost all of them get sick, and some of them do not survive.
Most often it is about rhinotracheitis, which is contagious. It is important to understand that after recovering from rhinotracheitis, some animals remain carriers and can infect healthy cats.
Reasons why a kitten's eyes fester
Before using any drugs, especially without prior consultation with a veterinarian, it is necessary to clarify as much as possible the reasons for the occurrence of the disease. In most cases, the cause is more convenient to determine by walking by reducing the spectrum of symptoms.
All causes of eye discharge can be divided into:
- Viral - from contact with a sick animal, a healthy one quickly becomes infected.
- Infectious - The disease occurs against the background of eye damage by microbes, fungi, bacteria.
- Congenital - Ailments arising from the violation of intrauterine development.
- Posttraumatic - A disease arising from injury or due to permanent injury.
By the way of development, diseases can be divided into:
- Local - affects only the eyes and communicating mucous membranes.
- Extensive - have a negative impact on the entire body.
It is important to understand that purulent discharge from the eyes can signal illnesses that develop covertly and adversely affect the immune system.
The formation of pus, by itself, is not dangerous if the discharge is yellowish or white. In this case, the pus is sterile and is the product of the processing of dead tissue.
If the pus has a pungent odor, green, brown, or another unnatural color, this indicates re-infection and severe inflammation, which is often accompanied by fever.
The kitten has red eyes
Red eyes - the concept of "stretchable" and multifaceted. If a kitten's eyelids turn red, the problem may be:
- Blockage or inflammation of the nasal duct.
- Swelling of the mucous membranes - due to fatigue, fever, overexcitement, stress, overheating, poisoning, and for many other reasons.
- Inflammation of the third century - leads to edema and swelling of the mucous membrane from under the lower eyelid, usually in the corner of the eye.
Red eye proteins indicate an increase or damage to small blood vessels. This usually occurs after overheating or severe stress. Practice shows that redness of the whites of the eyes is a temporary phenomenon that passes without external intervention.
If the whites of the eyes and the iris are literally bloodshot, this indicates a traumatic brain injury or increased intracranial pressure arising from another cause.
Important! Hemorrhage in the eye - this is a very alarming symptom, requiring treatment to a veterinarian.
The kitten is sealed and the eyes do not open
The most common cause of discharge, due to which the eyelids stick together and the eyes do not open, is conjunctivitis.
Conjunctivitis is divided into:
- Infectious - occurs on the background of irritation of the mucous membrane due to dust, weathering and other external factors.
- Viral - is a symptom of a contagious disease that develops covertly or sharply.
- Allergic - occurs on the background of the constant excitation of immunity.
- Chronic - may occur against the background of constant drying of the eyes, nasal lacrimal duct malfunction, corneal ulceration, and for other reasons.
Regardless of the causes, conjunctivitis is accompanied by purulent discharge from the eyes. When the kitten is asleep, the mucous membranes of the eyes are actively cleaned, which leads to an abundant discharge of pus. Pus dries quickly, glues eyelashes, hairs and eyelids, which prevents the kitten from opening his eyes after waking up.
The kitten has a runny nose (snot) and he sneezes
If a kitten has snot (runny nose, rhinitis), he constantly sneezes and his eyes water, there are three likely reasons:
- Viral disease resulting in irritation of the mucous membranes. In small, unvaccinated kittens, rhinotracheitis is possible.
Anxiety symptoms caused by allergies, pass without external intervention in the elimination of the allergen. Most often, an allergic reaction is observed after an abrupt change of diet or the purchase of accessories, with which the cat is in constant contact.
Food allergies detected by exclusion. The source of non-food allergies is more difficult to identify, since the cat's body can react to substances in the air, such as pollen.
Colds in kittens should be treated if the ailment strongly suppresses the immune system. Most often, kittens older than 3 months, endure a cold without additional therapy. Naturally, while the kitten does not recover, it is necessary to provide it with comfort, high-calorie food and constant warm drink.
Viral diseases themselves do not go away, and if they are ignored, it leads to the death of a pet.
It is important to understand that the viral disease is eliminated only by targeted therapy. Treatment with antibiotics, cough and other drugs is useless.
What if the kitten's eyes fester?
What to do if you notice suspicious symptoms? Best of all, without delay, contact your veterinarian for advice. If for some reason the doctor is not available, you can try to alleviate the condition of the pet at home. Remember, the main principle of treatment without veterinarian control is no harm. Try not to use medications unless absolutely necessary. Before using any medication carefully read the instructions.
How to drop drops
When the necessary drugs are prescribed and purchased, it's time to start treating your kitten, whose eyes fester. But it’s not so easy to bury drops in such a crumble There are some subtleties, the implementation of which will speed up the recovery of a pet.
Before digging in, the baby’s eyes must be cleaned of pus with a cotton pad dipped in chamomile broth. At the same time, movements should be smooth, without pressing, towards the baby’s nozzle.
Next act like this:
- put the kitten on its side, holding its head,
- carefully lift the eyelid and enter the number of drops written by the doctor there,
- lower eyelid
- give the crumbs a blink so that the drops evenly spread,
- drip out of the eyelet to get wet with a cotton ball or a damp cloth.
The same must be repeated with the second eye, regardless of whether it festers or not. Conjunctivitis is a contagious disease, and digging a still healthy eye will play a protective and prophylactic role (it is also necessary to wash both eyes with a decoction).
40 minutes after the drops, you will need to put tetracycline ointment into the kitten's eye. This is an antibiotic, so it should be applied in a continuous course of 10 days in the mornings and evenings, not more often.
Ointment need to enter so:
- the pet lies on its side again, but the head looks up at the person conducting the procedure,
- lift the eyelid and put a small amount of ointment under it,
- close the kitten's eye and gently massage it with the pad of your finger (without pressing) so that the ointment is distributed wherever it is needed.
Если у котенка гноятся глазки, то лечение в домашних условиях должно проводиться строго по врачебным назначениям, т. к. в каждом конкретном случае могут различаться дозировки, длительность терапии и сами препараты.
It is also important to look closely at the general condition of the pet: if he sneezes at the same time, and his eyes fester, and the nose flows - it may be no longer in conjunctivitis. Such symptoms are already more similar to rhinotracheitis (it is also called cat flu, and with it, too, eyes fester), but here the treatment will be completely different.
It is also impossible to forget to drop drops to all kittens from a lambing: pus is contagious, and still healthy babies need to be protected.
When a kitten's eyes fester, its owner experiences a whole gamut of feelings: the child is miserable to tears, and it is terrible to do something wrong, all sorts of terrible diagnoses do not go out of the brain, and they only increase from all this experience. But you should not torment yourself. Simply visit the vet on time, start treatment, and the eyes will quickly return to normal and stop festering.
How to treat conjunctivitis at home?
How to treat a kitten at home with a conjunctivitis? First of all, you need to understand that conjunctivitis is very contagious. Even if a kitten has one eye festering, literally in a few days the parasite and the other have a disease.
When processing it is necessary to observe measures of the maximum sterility. Sponges that you will use to clean your eyes must be constantly changed - wiped once, thrown away.
Note! At home, it is only realistic to treat conjunctivitis, for this the kitten needs to be washed and instilled. If the kitten has problems with the eyelids, cornea, tear ducts - you should contact the veterinarian.
During the treatment of the kitten, it is better to use medical gloves. In cats and humans, conjunctivitis can occur from the same pathogen, so make sure that children do not come into contact with animals.
Eye drops, if the kitten's eyes fester
At home, eye drops are used to treat conjunctivitis. By appointment, the drops should be antiviral, anti-inflammatory and anti-edematous. Naturally, it is better to buy medicines at a veterinary pharmacy, but if it is not available, you can contact the regular pharmacy. Carefully read the composition of the drug, the active ingredients are not as important as contraindications and side effects.
Tip: choose the drops that do not cause burning when hit on the mucous membranes (item instructions side effects)!
Most cat owners speak positively of the following drugs:
- Tsiprolet or similar preparations containing ciprofloxacin.
- Levomycetinum drops - the most common and affordable drug, sold in a regular pharmacy. Drops of some manufacturers cause a burning sensation when it comes to mucous membranes.
- Diamond eyes (veterinary drug) - apply strictly according to the instructions.
- Tobrex - a drug for people, they should not get involved in, but it removes irritation and inflammation quickly.
Important! The active ingredients of the droplets can glow in the mucous membranes and tissues. Do not get carried away with eye treatment if you do not have clear instructions from a veterinarian. It is enough to drip the eyes several times a day, but you can wash it more often.
How to wash the eyes of a kitten?
Wash the eyes of a sick kitten as often as possible. The faster and more thoroughly you eliminate the source of the infection, the faster the recovery will come.
To soak and remove crusts you can use:
- Pure boiled water.
- Strong brewing tea (real, leaf).
- Warm saline diluted with clean water (1: 1).
- Broth antiseptic herbs - can cause an allergic reaction.
- Veterinary eyelid cleaning solutions.
The selected solution is thoroughly moistened with a cotton sponge, which must be applied to the eye of the kitten and held for a while. After a few minutes, the selection is open and easily removed. Discharge should be removed by moving from nose to ear.
Important! Do not save cotton sponges! Rubbing with the same sponge several times will only aggravate the situation.
Prevention of re-infection
The best treatment is prevention! So that the kitten does not get sick with conjunctivitis, it is important to protect it from the sources of viruses and infections: household waste and stray animals. In many pedigree animals, discharge from the eyes can be the result of treats with foods containing sugar or smoked meats.
In order to prevent cats with upturned or depressed noses, it is recommended to clean the eyelids once a day or as needed. During periods of strong winds and flowering herbs, try not to take your pet for a walk. Additional irritants can provoke discharge from the eyes, amid an allergic reaction.
Why eyes fester
Kittens, not so long ago born, are weak and susceptible to various diseases. Because of this, sometimes the kitten's eyes are very festering, the discharge may be so abundant that they don't even open in the baby.
There are many reasons for the occurrence of such a condition, as well as eye diseases, and it is not always possible to find out why the kitten suffers:
All these are possible irritants, because of which the eyes of a little kitten are festering. One of the common causes of exudate excretion, conjunctivitis. Among other things, the kitten can hurt the eye, playing or conflicting with another pet. At the beginning it may be a simple wound into which the infection then falls.
Small animals are very curious creatures, and they strive to shove their noses somewhere. Sometimes the nose is in the wrong place and household chemicals, detergent, etc. get into the animal's eye. If the kitten's eyes fester and sneezes, check the place where it sleeps, a cold due to a draft can be the cause of complications.
A kitten festers and swollen eyes due to a disease such as blepharitis. The disease occurs as a result of chemical, thermal, traumatic effects on the eyelids. It is not the injuries themselves that are dangerous, but viruses, germs, and pathogenic fungi that infect the affected area. Corneal inflammation (keratitis) is another disease that causes suppuration and swelling of the eyes of a kitten.
If the expirations are plentiful and permanent, the kitten must be shown to the veterinarian. The specialist will determine the root cause that caused the suppuration of the organ of vision, and prescribe the appropriate therapy.
The symptomatology of purulent discharges, as well as the state of health of the kitten, depends on the reason that caused the ichor. Consider the main reasons that cause kittens to have problems and symptoms associated with each specific type of damage:
- Bruise century. If the baby has a bruised eyelid, then upon inspection you can see a bruise, adjacent tissues can be smashed. In severe cases, necrosis is formed.
- Wounds of the eyelids, in which the integrity of the skin can be disturbed in a kitten, bleeding and soreness occur.
- Blepharitis The first symptom of blepharitis is redness of the eyelids. If a kitten has red eyes and fester - this is also one of the signs of illness. In the process of scratching the pet puts purulent microflora in the eye: streptococci and staphylococcus. Edema in the disease is another symptom.
- Purulent conjunctivitis. Most often, the disease affects both eyes. The kitten looks painful, depressed, fever may be observed. Initially, purulent discharge is liquid, but with the development of the disease gradually thicken. Conjunctiva swells, may even protrude beyond the eyes.
- Follicular conjunctivitis. The disease is characterized by lesions of the lymph nodes inside the third century. There are secretions from the conjunctival sac. There is photophobia, soreness. The eyelids look swollen. Often the kitten's eyes do not open and fester, because the bison glues eyelashes and forms a crust that interferes with the opening of the eyelids. Pus irritates the skin around the eyes, which leads to its inflammation, develops dermatitis, eczema, and hair falls around the affected area.
Eye treatment basics
At the initial stage of any disease that caused the appearance of exudate, the kitten practically does not experience discomfort. Harm to health, too, as a rule, is not observed. Problems begin later. Pathogenic microorganisms develop, the amount of pus increases. The discharge begins to irritate the mucous membrane and the skin around the eyes. If the pet is not treated, the possibility of vision loss increases many times.
Therefore, when the little kitten's eyes fester, what to do, what and how to treat are the first questions that must be resolved by the owner of the animal. Let's start with first aid - washing. To wash the baby's eyes, make a decoction of chamomile, rinse off the accumulated blood and wash the sore eyeball. If you have other pets at home, repeat this procedure with them for prevention.
If washing does not help, then it is better not to continue self-treatment. Take the baby to the vet, only he can say exactly what to do next. You must agree for yourself why you should think why a kitten’s eyes fester, how to treat a sick animal when there are people skilled in dealing with these issues. Yes, veterinary services cost money, but here it is up to you to decide what is more important - the health of the crumbs or unplanned waste of finances from the family budget.
Treatment of purulent secretions is primarily aimed at eliminating the cause of the pathological process. The further medical measures depend on how correctly it is established. Another treatment for festering eyes in a kitten depends on the causes of the pathology:
- If the cause is a bruise, the injured area is cleaned with a gauze pad soaked in hydrogen peroxide solution. Similarly, come with eyelid wounds.
- If it's a blepharitis, look for and remove the cause. It is worth knowing that blepharitis in a kitten may occur due to a lack of vitamins, so if the doctor has made the diagnosis, it is necessary to provide the pet with a balanced diet with vitamin supplements.
- When a kitten has snot and festering eyes due to a cold, the doctor prescribes eye drops and antibiotics. It is important to provide your pet with comfortable living conditions. The crib of the baby should be dry and warm, in the place of its location should not "walk" drafts. Adding vitamins to the pet's diet will be an additional plus for the health of the crumbs.
- If the kitten's eyes do not open due to pus, the exudate crusts soften before removal. Vaseline oil is used for this purpose. The softened crusts are removed, and the area around the eyes is treated with hydrogen peroxide. The eyes themselves are washed with nitrofural, also known as furatsilin. After the treatment, eye drops are instilled or smeared with ointment.
Some diseases of kittens cause not only discharge from the eyes, but also painful sensations. In such cases, the veterinarian prescribes Novocain with an antibiotic, which is injected into the conjunctival sac.
If the disease is neglected, the bacteria have time to firmly root in the deep layers of the eye. In this case, the doctor prescribes a general antibiotic therapy.
When purulent or phlegmonous conjunctivitis using general and local therapy. The course of treatment includes periodic washing of the eyes with boric acid - 3%, and their subsequent treatment with sintomycin ointment or any other emulsion for eyes with antibiotics. In this case, the procaine blockade with an antibiotic is also used. In addition to the pronounced, “freezing” effect, the procedure is useful in general medical treatment. Even antibiotics can be administered intramuscularly. In addition, the veterinarian may recommend sulfonamides for oral administration.
How to treat
Here we consider the means that are usually washed, cleaned, bury the eyes of a kitten in the presence of purulent secretions. Here is a list of the most commonly used drugs:
- Bars drops,
- tetracycline ointment,
- Diamond Eyes drops
- multifunctional drops "Iris",
- "Anandin - drops with antiviral action,
- Lacrikan eye drops - for non-viral inflammations,
- "Tsiprovet" in tablets or drops for the treatment of inflammation caused by bacteria.
Most often, the instructions for use indicate the optimal dosage of the medicine, but on average, if the kitten's eyes are festering, the child only needs one drop of the drug three times a day, 2 or 3 drops of the prescribed drug are instilled into more adult pets.
The medicine is instilled as follows - the lower eyelid is slightly delayed and the drug is applied to the mucosa. Make sure that the tool does not leak, for a more reliable instillation of the animal's head can be raised so that his eyes looked up.
As an aid, you will need cotton buds and a special lotion. But if there is no lotion, you can use chilled boiled water.
As already mentioned, when a kitten's eyes fester, it should be taken to the clinic. If the doctor does not detect serious pathologies, the animal can be treated at home. For these purposes, apply the washing with a decoction of chamomile, calendula. Even for washing the eyes, you can use furatsilin or korneregel that restores the cornea of the eyes and relieves discomfort.
How to bury the eyes of a kitten
With a small pet you need to handle carefully, and before rinsing the festering eyes of a kitten you need to figure out how to hold the animal, so as not to injure and scare him.
Put the baby on his back so that his face was directed upwards. If the kitten's eyes do not open, soak the eyelids with a decoction of chamomile or boiled water. After that, remove the pus and then bury the medicine.
On average, therapy lasts about a week, but a lot depends on the degree of neglect of the disease and its nature.
Remember, self-treatment should be applied only in one-time cases of the occurrence of purulent effusions. If the ichor is constantly standing out, abundantly and there are other symptoms of dangerous pathology - use the services of a specialist. As an example, when conjunctivitis kitten must be examined for chlamydia. Another survey is needed to find out how tolerant the pet is to antibiotics.
Among other things, the veterinarian knows exactly what treatment to assign in each individual case, which greatly increases the chances of successfully resolving the situation and, as a result, the kitten maintains good vision and health.
What to do if the eyes fester with a cold
If a kitten has a runny nose and festering eyes, this does not mean that this is the end of it. After all, such deadly diseases for a young body as calicivirosis and viral rhinotracheitis begin with a cold. Therefore, timely diagnosis in this case is an important factor.
Another runny nose may be allergic in nature or testify of bronchial asthma. In each individual situation, a specific approach to treatment is required, and therefore, diagnosis is a priority.
As soon as you see that the kitten's eyes and nose are festering - contact your doctor. Each animal is a small individuality, and if your neighbor has a cat after a cold, she suffers a slight discomfort, this is not evidence that everything goes well with you. Do not forget that we are talking about a baby with a weak immunity.
Purulent discharge colds are treated with antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs and immunomodulators. Great attention is paid to preventive measures - they eliminate possible drafts and overcooling of a pet.
Why do the kitten's purulent eyes swell
There are several possible causes for the symptoms described:
- calicivirus infection
- herpes virus infection, etc.
To find out what kind of infection struck the kitten, an OCR diagnosis will be required, and only after the diagnosis has been clarified can the animal be treated. You should also consider such factors as:
- last deworming time,
- the last time the animal was vaccinated, the type of vaccine
- what additional vitamins were used to strengthen the body.
It should be noted that feeding the kitten with food of economy class is not recommended. And we are talking about any product: both wet and dry food. It is proved that the use of these products by the pet provokes diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which leads to the development of infections affecting the eyes.
If during the examination by a veterinarian no serious abnormalities of the organs of vision were found in the kitten, treatment can be carried out at home. Therapy of eye suppuration consists of three main procedures:
- Instilling drops.
- Laying ointment.
Washing the eyes of a kitten is a procedure that should be carried out immediately after the detection of discharge.
For home washes fit:
- Saline solution
Dissolve a teaspoon of salt in a liter of distilled water, boil the composition and cool to body temperature. The solution can be used for any discharge from the eye with the exception of allergic.
- Herbal infusion
Two tablespoons of dried plants (sage, chamomile, St. John's wort) pour a liter of boiling water and warm for 15 minutes in a water bath. Strain the composition twice (through gauze and cotton wool), diluted with water to obtain 0.5 liters of infusion. Means to store in the refrigerator no more than a day. Can be used for any inflammation of the eyes, including allergies.
Слабо заваренный чайный лист (зеленый или черный) используют для промываний так как в нем содержится кофеин, оказывающий противовоспалительный эффект.
- Раствор фурацилина в концентрации 0,02% (антибактериальное средство).
- Водный раствор борной кислоты 3%.
Worth knowing! Alcohol solutions, even in the case of their strong dilution with water, are not suitable for rinsing eyes, since they can provoke increased secretions and damage visual organs.
Dry cotton wool and cotton buds should not be used to clean the kitten's eyes. Cotton pads or soft cloths are best suited for this purpose.
Washing the eyes of an animal is carried out as follows:
- The kitten is placed in a comfortable position, having wrapped it in a diaper or towel.
- The solution or medicine for washing is warmed to body temperature, pipetted and poured into the eyes of an animal. You can also moisten a cotton pad in the composition and gently wipe sour eyes with it. After each wiping, replace the disc or cloth with clean ones. You can not wipe both eyes with a liquid from one dish and one cotton swab.
- In the event that a speck gets into the pet's eye, it is attempted to be washed with a washing solution, and if it does not come out, it is removed by itself, moving towards the nearest corner with a cotton tow, richly soaked in antibacterial agent.
After thorough rinsing, you can proceed to the instillation of the pet's eyes with the drug prescribed by the veterinarian. Drops drip into the inner corner of the animal's eye (conjunctival sac), or under the lower eyelid.
Often, in parallel with the drops, doctors prescribe special antibacterial ointments for the treatment of purulent eyes. Their application is as follows:
- heat medium to body temperature
- turn the animal on its side and fix it in this position (it is much more convenient when the procedure is performed by two people),
- lay ointment under the lower eyelid with the help of a scapula or a finger, gently pulling it back,
- cover your eyes with ointment and gently massage for a minute,
- remove excess with a cotton pad.