Fish and other aquatic creatures

DIY aquarium snag

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First of all, you need to decide - from which trees you can make snags for an aquarium. The answer is simple: any deciduous trees, of which grows in abundance in temperate latitudes. Conifers are not suitable because of the resins they contain. Beautiful snags come from wild plants (birch, oak, hazel, etc.) and fruit trees (cherries, apples, etc.) trees.

You can use all parts of the tree from the roots to the branches. It is believed that the roots are preferable because they have a complex shape than branches. Accordingly, they look more beautiful, although it is very subjective.

Choosing a tree for snags in the aquarium

In the near forest or near your villa you can find broken or fallen trees with torn roots. And in the reservoirs there is probably a snag - once a sunken tree, a bush. Using an ax or saw, separate the fragment you like. It is not necessary to customize it to the size of the aquarium. At home, this will be much more comfortable.

Cleaning the snags for the aquarium

Place the snag in a container with water so that it covers it completely, and leave it for a couple of days. Probably it will take a little load to keep the snag on the surface. Then it is taken out and cleaned of bark and dirt under running water with a brush with stiff bristles or scraped with a knife. The next turn for decontamination.

Boiling snags for aquarium

The best option if snags are small and do not feel sorry for some pots. Boil can be minutes from 15-30 minutes. Next snag leave in the same water to cool.

When the snags are cleaned and decontaminated, the longest process begins - getting rid of buoyancy. As you know, the tree does not sink. However, when staying in water for a long time, the wood fibers swell and it begins to sink. Depending on the size and type of the tree, this process can take up to a month.
The snag is placed in water and waiting for it to sink. At the same time, the water should be updated daily to a new one.

Pluses snags in the aquarium

  • A complete look and unique design of the aquarium.
  • Additional places for recreation, games, hide your pets, and in some cases and for spawning.
  • Soften water by increasing its acidity naturally. Most fish, especially freshwater ones, live in nature in open reservoirs with trees growing along the shores. The branches and leaves fall into the water and lie there for years and decades, creating the optimal composition of water and the conditions for the life of its inhabitants.
  • Prevention of diseases of the digestive tract in some species of fish (for example, catfish) due to their eating of wood fibers.
  • The possibility of building ornamental aquatic plants and moss.
  • Creating an environment unfavorable to harmful bacteria and microorganisms (treated wood produces a small amount of tannins and tannins, which disinfect water, but are safe for fish) and lightly dye water in pleasant brownish-golden hues (if you don’t want it, you can choose a wood which will leave the water clear).

We make out the "bank" with AquariumGuide.ru

How to decorate the aquarium, read here.

What kinds of fish need snag?

Of course, any fish will be more fun, and the owner is more interesting to watch pets if the snag becomes part of the interior of the aquarium. But there are certain types of fish that snag just needed.

Thus, various types of catfish use scurf formed on the surface of the driftwood as an additional feed, and the thinnest upper layers of wood as a source of dietary fiber. These are such fish as Panak, Orinok catfish, cat Ancistrus, cuckoo catfish.

Many fish that in natural conditions prefer to spawn in the roots of fallen trees in the water, the old snags, gladly do the same in artificial environment. This is a large group of fish of the perch family (gourami, glass perch).

Long and narrow fish of the order of moray eels and eels will also be grateful to you for a maze of roots or small spuddles and for safe shelter.

Particular care should be taken when choosing the size of koryag if you keep very active or aggressive fish (some types of cichlids, for example), because such pets prefer rocky, stone bodies of water and can harm themselves by injuring themselves with vigorous movement and fights on protruding edges.

Careful choice

No sane person will put a stick in his aquarium in his aquarium. This will instantly destroy the eco-balance and destroy all living things. The choice of snags is one of the key stages, if not the most important, and a number of conditions must be taken into account.

Snag can be bought at the pet store. It is the easiest, but sometimes demanding considerable monetary costs. The most commonly sold snags of overseas wood species: mangrove, mopani.

However, these snags strongly shade the water, sometimes giving it the color of rich tea leaves. When transporting, they catch a lot of hazards on the fish, so even the purchased snag will need to be treated and soaked to eliminate these problems.

Therefore, it is safer and cheaper to make such a useful decor by yourself.

For an aquarium, branches and roots of hard hardwoods, such as willow, apple, and pear, which have lain for a long time in water, are ideal. It is strictly not recommended to use coniferous species - spruce, pine, juniper.

A copy you like you need to carefully examine: too rotten and rotten snags, which simply fall apart from the slightest pressure, are not suitable.

With a suitable snag, you need to immediately remove all rotted parts, moss, algae and bark.

Preparation and processing

At home, the snag must be thoroughly cleaned, remove the remnants of the bark, so that it remains completely naked. No matter how beautiful the bark looks by itself, in the aquarium it will surely start to rot, and the fish may get hurt on the pop-up pieces.

Then wash the snag under running water and place for some time (30-60 minutes) in a strong brine. Salt strewed until it ceases to dissolve. In this solution, you will then boil it.

Cook snags on low heat, in an enamel or stainless pot (aluminum is not suitable) for two or three days. The minimum is considered a period of 12 hours, but in this case more is better than less.

Duration also depends on the thickness and size of the snags: some simply do not fit in the pan, so they have to be turned over every few hours for steaming all areas, a priori, you need to cook a little longer. During cooking, add water as needed, as it will evaporate.

After cooking, the snag is left under running water (from under the tap) with water or placed in a basin or bath with frequent water changes for another week. This is done to remove any salt residues that the snag managed to absorb during cooking. In addition, as a snag is saturated with liquid and in most cases begins to sink.

Before diving into the aquarium, be sure to check if it comes to the surface. After this, the snag is thoroughly dried and again checked for buoyancy. Some instances still retain the stubborn ability to float. In this case, the snag will have to be fixed at the bottom of the aquarium.

Also pay attention to the degree of staining of water: a light brownish tint, most likely, will take a few days or water changes in the aquarium. Strongly painting snag needs to be soaked again until it stops tinting water.

Preventing decay

Even after careful processing, there is a risk that rotten or living areas remain inside the snags, which can begin to rot in the aquarium. Therefore, experienced aquarists use 2 ways.

1. Roasting The snag is slightly burned with a blowtorch, either over the entire surface, or only from suspicious ends, then placed in water for 2–3 days, periodically wiping the charred areas with a napkin and removing soot.

2. Paraffin. Some for absolute safety pour the entire area of ​​the snag with a thin layer of melted paraffin. This is undoubtedly the most reliable way to prevent any undesirable components from leaving the tree in the aquarium water.

Anchorage in the aquarium

The easiest way if the snag has ceased to float. Then you can just put it on the bottom and secure with soil. But often the snag does not want to lie down and rises to the surface of the water. This can be dangerous for residents of the aquarium.

There are several options to tame the recalcitrant:

  • Fishing line You can tie a fishing line to the coarse, and either pin the other end in the ground with a stone, or attach a load to it.
  • Sucker. The option is easy, but unreliable. Over time, any sucker will fall off the surface. Some go to the extreme and stick the sucker or the snag directly with glue to the glass: this is extremely dangerous for the health of the fish - the chemicals remain chemicals.
  • Stainless Steel Screws. The method is reliable, especially if you make for the snag the base of the treated piece of wood, plexiglass, stone and secure with soil. But here it is important how the quality of the nails or screws corresponds to its name and whether they will rust. If you are not sure, you can fill the attachment points with special silicone that is safe for fish.

Ornamental plants and moss

If you wish, you can add different types of moss and plants to the root snag, which will give your homely water a look of a real corner of wildlife.

Designer inspiration to you, and always remember the safety of your choice for pet aquarium!

How to choose and prepare the snag for the aquarium, look at the video:

basic information

  • Choosing an aquarium
  • Equipment
    • Filters and filter media
    • Lighting system
    • Calculation of the illumination of the aquarium
    • Colour temperature
    • Heating systems
    • Aeration system
  • Design Elements
  • Dutch aquarium
  • Natural aquarium
  • Iwagumi aquarium
  • Aquarium jungle
  • Soil (substrate)
  • Water parameters
    • Hydrochemical composition of water
    • Determination and change of dGH and pH
    • Gas content
    • Nitrogen cycle
    • Redox potential
  • Fish nutrition
  • Running aquarium
  • Aquarium Care

Information section "Fish" in terms of scientific names and habitat conditions
complies with materials FishBase - global catalog of fish species,
coordinated by the Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences.

DROPPERS TREATS WATER, WHAT TO DO?

Technically, after boiling, a snag can be added to an aquarium, but as you already know, snags release tannins into the water. It is very desirable, after you boil it, immerse it in water for a couple of days. During this time, you will see if it paints water. If it is slightly colored water, then this is normal and acceptable, but there are varieties that bring the water color to literally brown. In this case, the recipe is one - soak the snag, preferably in running water or in water that is often replaced. How long it takes depends on the type of wood and its size, but this should be done until the water becomes light enough. It is possible to speed up the process and boil it again.

IF THE DRAFT DOESN'T VLAZIT?

Then it is either cut into several parts, and then fastened back, or boiled by dipping different parts into boiling water alternately. If your snag is very large, then you can pour boiling water over it and place it in the aquarium, flooding it with the help of cargo. But, remember that in this case, you risk quite strongly, as bacterial outbreaks can be, so all the nastiness that affects your fish.

HOW TO ATTACH THE MOSS TO TRAYS?

Very often moss is attached to a log in an aquarium, for example, Javanese or other plants on snags in an aquarium. It looks amazingly beautiful. But many do not know how to properly attach the moss. There are several options: a cotton thread, after a while it will rot, but the moss already has time to attach to the bark with the help of rhizoids. If you need a more reliable option, you can use a fishing line, it is generally forever. Some moss just ... stick with superglue. However, this method is much more convenient, but there is a risk of poisoning the water with the toxins contained in the glue.

DROPPED IN AQUARIUM GREEN OR GREEN?

Most likely the case in algae, which covered its surface. They cover the glass in the aquarium and the stones look like green dots on the glass. You can get rid of them simply by reducing the length of daylight and the power of lighting. Excessive light in the aquarium is the cause. Well, just clean the snag by removing the top layer from it.

If the snag does not fit?

Then it is either cut into several parts, and then fastened back, or boiled by dipping different parts into boiling water alternately. If your snag is very large, then you can pour boiling water over it and place it in the aquarium, flooding it with the help of cargo. But, remember that in this case, you risk quite strongly, as bacterial outbreaks can be, so all the nastiness that affects your fish.

How to attach the moss to the snag?

Very often moss is attached to a log in an aquarium, for example, Javanese or other plants on snags in an aquarium. It looks amazingly beautiful. But many do not know how to properly attach the moss. There are several options: a cotton thread, after a while it will rot, but the moss already has time to attach to the bark with the help of rhizoids. If you need a more reliable option, you can use a fishing line, it is generally forever. Some moss just ... stick with superglue. However, this method is much more convenient, but there is a risk of poisoning the water with the toxins contained in the glue.

Is the snag in the aquarium green or green?

Most likely the case in algae, which covered its surface. They cover the glass in the aquarium and the stones look like green dots on the glass. You can get rid of them simply by reducing the length of daylight and the power of lighting. Excessive light in the aquarium is the cause. Well, just clean the snag by removing the top layer from it.

DIY aquarium snag

Natural perfection, a cozy shelter ... What else can please aquarium lovers a simple snag? And how to prepare it so that everyone gets only positive emotions? About this next article.

An aquarium today is not just a glass jar with a pair of stones and a goldfish. In the hands of a careful and responsible connoisseur of the beauty of underwater life, the aquarium becomes a truly unique, beautiful corner of wildlife, a full-fledged ecosystem in miniature.

In it, both the design and the biological parameters are in a delicate, but strong balance, and the inhabitants feel excellent due to the carefully thought out and safe environment.

The design of the aquarium, like everything else in life, originates in the minds of people. That is why the trends that exist in the world in relation to the design of premises, as well as the fashion for certain materials and their location are reflected almost immediately and on the arrangement of aquariums.

Fortunately, the popularity of plastic accessories, artificial grass and huge incongruous locks are already behind. The modern world rushed to the naturalness and naturalness literally in everything. And what can emphasize the naturalness and natural component of your home pond more than a piece of nature itself - a bizarre form of a real snag?

However, in order to decorate an aquarium with a tree does not result in fatal consequences for its entire flora and fauna, it is necessary to know many important nuances. We will talk about them further.

Master class - how to make a snag for an aquarium with your own hands?

The first step is very important. It is to find the right wood. Where to get a snag for an aquarium? The best material is the one that has been in the water for quite a long time, willow and black-thorn branches are perfect. Therefore it is necessary to make an excursion to the river or swamp. In a pinch, you can use hardwood walnut or pear, but in no case oak, as it contains a lot of tannins. Freshly broken or only cut branches of trees are not suitable for an aquarium, as the organic and mineral substances in them will negatively affect all living things in a pond.

Found a piece of the trunk or branch must be delivered home with the least loss of moisture, and then do nothing else, how to prepare a snag for an aquarium.

Customize found by the size of the aquarium. And then, taking into account your intention, we delete the extra branches. To make it all natural, it is advisable to do the work without improvised means. If you can't do without a hacksaw, you will have to disguise a beautiful saw cut. Sometimes they resort to burning. After that, it is soaked for several days with a constant replacement of water and removal of the charred layer. A snag after such treatment will not only look beautiful, but also last longer.

Then, our material needs quite a long time (10-12 hours) to be disinfected in a saturated solution of sodium chloride. In medical institutions prepare such a solution at the rate of 400 g of salt per 1 liter of water.

To prevent the snag from being filled with harmful substances, it is recommended to use only stainless steel or enameled ware. The darker color of the wood will be obtained if we add potassium permanganate to the water.

Чтобы коряга избавилась от соли, ее кипятим уже в пресной воде, меняя ее несколько раз.

Затем замачиваем, как минимум на сутки, а то и трое под гнетом из экологически чистого материала.

При этом опять-таки несколько раз в день делаем замену воды. Древесина наберется влаги, и нас не будет волновать вопрос, как утопить корягу в аквариуме.

После всех проделанных процедур коряга для аквариума своими руками готова. Нам остается закрепить ее и заняться декором.

How to make a snag for an aquarium with your own hands?

To make an aquarium, use only natural snags. However, to make them yourself or buy in the store - everyone decides for himself. Ready-made snags on the market or in the store are quite expensive, so many aquarists prefer to make this decoration with their own hands.

First, determine the wood: it is better to opt for alder, willow, maple or garden trees (pear and apple).

They do not recommend the use of conifers, as well as poplar and maple, as they emit tannins. The best option - willow snags, which for a long time were under water - they are not subject to the process of decomposition. They can be found in the spring on the shore after the flood or dig in the forest.

If you cut down the living parts of the tree, then you first need to dry them, and it will take a long time. How to make a snag for an aquarium in this case? The methods of manufacture after drying are the same as using dead snags.

The main thing is to dry thoroughly, otherwise after the tree is in the aquarium, it will begin to emit juices that are dangerous for fish and all living creatures and may even poison them.

As soon as you brought the snag home, clean it from the bark (it is not needed), remove the parts on which there is rot, and then cut off the excess areas, giving the tree a beautiful look.

An important stage in the manufacture of snags - its processing. If the snag was cut near a dead tree and was not in the water, then first put it in the oven and hold it there at a temperature of 200 degrees (but not more - otherwise it may be charred).

A snag for an aquarium with your own hands is not a painstaking process, but a long one. Remember that you can not skip a single stage. After you have heated it in the oven, prepare a salt solution at the rate of 1 kg of salt per 10 liters of water and boil the snag in it for 3 hours.

The longer the tree boils, the darker it becomes. Then it should be lowered into a container with fresh water and kept there for 2-3 weeks under a press. The process can be considered complete if the snag itself is retained in the water column without additional devices.

Once this has happened, place it in the aquarium without additional load. If done correctly, it will sink, and being in an aquarium will not excrete mucus and stain water.

Making a snag for an aquarium with your own hands is very simple, the main thing is to follow all the rules for its preparation and processing.

DIY maple snag

Hello to everyone who is looking for a way to decorate an aquarium with a cork without wanting to buy it in a store. The matter is not dusty and not complicated, what do you need for this:

1. Snag
a) choose a tree species that is safe for fish, for example: maple, birch, cherry, apricot, willow, pear, roots or trunks of an old dogrose, mangrove, snag that can be found in lakes,
b) do not take conifers, acacia, lilac, walnut, wood covered with fungus,
c) I read on the forums that aspen, poplar, elm, oak are not advised (I did not find any clear explanations for myself why these breeds are not advised to use). Karagach rots quickly, the rest of the breed is dangerous than incomprehensible.
d) advise taking dry snags (in books on aquarism),
e) on my own experience I checked that fresh snags are also suitable.

2. Capacity for soaking
When you find the snag of your dreams, you need to pick up a tank for soaking. It can be a 50-liter aquarium rectangular (as in my case) or a baby bath, or a bucket, and maybe even the most ordinary pan. You can cut the snag to the size of the tank, and after it is ready, you can simply glue the trimming with silicone for the aquarium after drying the snag (24-48 hours).

3. Preparation of snags (removal of bark)
Here, perhaps the most difficult stage. We take snags, put them in a container or in a bath, pour them with boiling water and leave them for 2-4-12 hours. Water will be from yellow to brown. This process is necessary in order to remove the cortex, because under it is full of parasites. It is easier to remove the bark with a knife, slightly blunt. you will have to scrape in some places. In the case of the maple, the bark was removed with ribbons quite simply, where I could not remove the bark at all, I decided to leave these pieces. We start shooting from the place where he was sawed or broken. Podkovyrivaem bark with a sharp tip.

To squeeze the pop-up branches, we need loads in the form of a stone or a ceramic pot lid, or a bag of water, etc. I used the water bag at the beginning, because the sticks were thick and they floated up, with time the lids with the stone began to snap.


7.

5. Soak the snag:
a) put the snag in the tank,
b) we press it with goods
c) pour hot water.
After some time the water will turn yellow, bubbles will start to stand out from the places of the saw cut. It is advisable to change it at least 2 times a week, because due to the lack of water movement, the water will start to smell bad. As an option, you can install a wave former or something else to your taste.

6. Almost ready
After 3 weeks, the water will become like milk, not yellow. After another 1-2 weeks the water will be clear.


8.

Here such mucus is formed due to stagnant water and the release of fresh snag substances into it.


10.

11.

7. Ready snag
When the water stops to grow turbid and yellow, it will not smell. Snags can be placed in an aquarium after having kept them in Kostapur or Antipara (2 days), etc. to destroy the remaining or appeared parasites. Slime in the aquarium due to the movement of water will not appear. The color of the water will not change.
That's what happened with me.


11.

Although I planned bonsai, I had to cut a snag and make several trees because In my aquarium there are transverse glasses that prevent branches from crawling through. One branch was glued to the stone on silicone, 2 more remained to be done as well, to stick the moss and here's paradise for you.

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