Birds

How to feed laying hens at home

What to feed the hens of hens to better rush? This is a very important issue for poultry farmers. Since each breeder is well aware that not only the health of the bird, but also its performance depends on the food.

In this article we will discuss the topic of feeding laying hens at home, let's talk about the composition of the feed for them with their own hands. And find out which one is better, chicken feed or feed prepared by yourself.

What can be fed at home so that the chicken can be carried

The daily diet for young chickens should be very carefully chosen, if the bird breeder wants to get the maximum number of eggs from each head. To do this, you should take care of the following components, which should be included in the diet, the calculation is carried out on one bird.

Also, the bird is fed homemade feed, which are called mash. In addition to the main components, in the form of crushed grain, they add mineral content additives.

To make the chicken more active, experienced breeders know that fresh grass and vegetables should be present in the daily diet. Everything should be crushed as much as possible, which will enable full digestion of food.

In order for the hen to receive the correct amount of calcium, feed rations that are specially adapted to this category of bird are included in its diet.

Types of food: what is good for laying

For those who breed a bird, it is very important to remember that the right balance of all vital components will help grow healthy and productive livestock. In this regard, the composition of the daily menu should take into account the presence of the following components.

  1. Protein. This component helps the full structure of the cells and tissues of chickens. Also in the egg, this substance plays a very important role and is one of the main components. To do this, the diet includes:
    • legumes,
    • cake,
    • earthworms,
    • sunflower meal,
    • mollusks,
    • bone flour,
    • fish waste,
    • rape,
    • soy.
  2. Fat accumulate in the subcutaneous layer and form an energy reserve, which is actively involved in the structure of the egg. In order for this important component to receive a hen, the diet includes:
    • oats,
    • corn.
  3. Carbohydrates they help to organize the full-fledged work of the whole bird organism; for this, it is recommended to add to food:
    • pumpkin,
    • potatoes,
    • fodder beet,
    • carrot,
    • whole grain.
  4. Vitamins very important for chicken, especially, these are vitamins A, B, D. If there are not enough of them in the diet, then it can cause the body's body to be sore, which will negatively affect its egg production. To avoid this, the birds menu includes:
    • coniferous flour,
    • fish fat,
    • green grass,
    • silo
    • regular yeast.
  5. Minerals responsible for the structure of the bone corset of the chicken and for the formation of the egg shell. Therefore, in food, birds should be added:
    • bone meal,
    • wood ash,
    • a piece of chalk,
    • crushed shells,
    • gravel,
    • lime.
Feed Mix for Laying Feeding

The composition of some feed for laying hens per 100 g

Corn:

  • carbohydrates: 66.7,
  • proteins: 10.2,
  • fat: 5,
  • water: 13.9,
  • vitamins: PP, A, E, group B, H,
  • macro and microelements: manganese, potassium, boron, calcium, chlorine, sulfur, copper, phosphorus, sodium, chromium, selenium, tin, iodine, iron.

Wheat:

  • carbohydrate: 56,
  • proteins: 12.9,
  • fat: 2.6,
  • vitamins: group B, PP, C, A, carotene,
  • macro and microelements: iron, sodium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, calcium.

Barley:

  • carbohydrates: 9.5,
  • proteins: 12.5,
  • fat: 2.5,
  • ash: 2.3,
  • fiber food: 16.9,
  • water: 2.4,
  • vitamins: group B, K, C, A, E, folic acid,
  • macro and microelements: selenium, potassium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, sodium, zinc, calcium, copper.

Oats:

  • carbohydrates: 6.4,
  • proteins: 58,
  • fat: 6.4,
  • water: 14,
  • ash: 3.5,
  • vitamins: group B, PP, E,
  • macro and microelements: fluorine, potassium, copper, calcium, iodine, molybdenum, manganese, calcium.

Rye:

  • carbohydrate: 61,
  • proteins: 11,
  • Fats: 1.7,
  • water: 10.3,
  • ash: 1.7,
  • fiber food: 14.9,
  • vitamins: K, C, group B, A, E, choline, folic acid, niacin,
  • macro and microelements: potassium, iron, phosphorus, copper, magnesium, zinc, sodium, selenium, calcium.

Vegetables and root vegetables:

What can not feed

There is a certain category of products that should not be given to chickens for food.

    Fresh, white bread or loaf. Bread can be given, but it must be dried and ground beforehand, black stale bread will also do. Fresh bread is very poorly perceived by the hen's stomach.

Also not allowed:

  • citrus and their peel,
  • celandine,
  • sweet and salty foods
  • ambrosia
  • Tomato Tomatoes
Prohibited chicken laying methods

How to start feeding laying hens

In order for chickens not to lose their egg production all year round, it is very important to feed them correctly and balanced. Feed the bird should receive three times a day:

  • the first feeding should consist of a dry mix or grain,
  • the second feeding includes wet mash and vitamin formulations,
  • The last feeding consists of grain.

The intervals between meals should be the same. During the cold weather the mash must be warm.

When chickens begin to moult, they stop well to rush. During this period, it is worthwhile to improve the diet by increasing minerals, especially it is recommended to add sulfur.

You will also be interested to know:

What to feed on months for proper care: tips for farmers

Winter. The cold period of the year is very difficult for the bird, so it is worthwhile at this time to pay special attention to nutrition and the norms of its components:

  • grain - 50 grams
  • mash - 30 gr,
  • potatoes - 1 medium root vegetable,
  • cake - 7 gr,
  • nettle and shredded hay - 10 g,
  • whey - 100 gr,
  • shells, chalk - 3 g,
  • bone meal - 2 gr,
  • salt - 0.5 gr.

In winter, you must periodically give fodder beets, cabbage, turnips. Especially carefully it is necessary to make sure that the bird does not become fat Egg production in cold times decreases markedly, but you should not worry about everything recovering with the arrival of warm days and an increase in daylight hours.

Seasonal feeding of laying hens

Spring. With the arrival of spring, it is recommended to increase in food green and vitamin-rich food. Even at the beginning of the last month of winter, poultry farmers are recommended to start germinating grain, which will help restore vitamin E deficiency:

  • germinated grain - 40 g,
  • yeast - 3 gr,
  • grain - 50 grams
  • straw, hay - 15 gr,
  • cake, waste - 15 gr,
  • shells, eggshell - 25 gr,
  • bone meal, salt - 3 gr.

Summer. Summer is the most convenient period for feeding birds. At this time, chickens can eat various herbs, insects, worms. It is also very important to give eggshells, which will help increase the egg production of layers:

  • grain - 50g,
  • bone meal - 1.5 gr,
  • hay meal with vitamins - 9.5 grams,
  • mineral supplements, salt - 6 g,
  • flour mixture - 50 gr,
  • feed on protein - 12.5 grams,
  • solid feed - 40 gr.

Autumn. During the molting period, it is important to correctly formulate the diet of laying hens, this will help to avoid large losses in egg production, which greatly decreases this season. Autumn is the time when the bird becomes weak and all metabolic processes suffer, therefore each feathered breeder must diversify and properly balance the diet. For this recommend:

  • increase the amount of proteins
  • include meat waste and worms
  • more vitaminize feed,
  • give more greens, root crops and vegetables.

Add to main feed:

  • whey, cottage cheese,
  • egg shell, well chopped,
  • legumes, in the form of greens,
  • beet tops and cabbage leaves,
  • chalk and shells,
  • pumpkin seeds and boiled potatoes,
  • sprouted grains,
  • yeast.

During the molt, chickens are recommended to be fed at least three times a day.

  • Morning. The bird is offered 1/3 of the norm of grain per day.
  • Dinner. Chickens are fed with a special mash, in which minerals and vitamins are added. The norm is calculated so that the hen will eat everything for half an hour.
  • Evening. Chickens are fed simple grain.

Make sure that the bird is not overwhelmed, as it has a very negative impact on the performance of the chicken.

How many times to feed in the summer and winter?

The number of meals for poultry is calculated based on the time of year and individual characteristics. If the chicken is intended for eggs, then it is absolutely impossible to overfeed. Therefore, the supply of food is calculated so that the bird does not zazhirela. Usually feed is given twice a day., it is in positive weather conditions. During molting and the onset of cold weather, feeding is increased to three to four times.

The optimal menu for laying

Every responsible breeder understands that at home the feeding of poultry should be as correct as possible. This is what makes it possible to grow healthy chickens with high egg production. And feeding chickens in the winter at home should be radically different in nature than in summer.

On the day each ptah should receive 120 grams of feed. For greater benefit, this amount of food should be divided into 2 feedings - morning and evening.

The ideal rate of calories per day is about 300-320. Food intended for birds, depending on the time of year, should consist of carbohydrates by 30-70%.

Diet for summer time

The summer diet for feeding chicken should be fairly light, but nutritious. For regular egg production, the menu should be 50% protein.

The amount of carbohydrates must be reduced to 30%. Fresh greens are not included in these percentages. Her bird should receive as much as she wishes.

To the diet was the most correct, should be walking on the street. An ideal place for walks will be a glade overgrown with vegetation.

Thanks to regular walks in the fresh air, the hens will be able to get not only grass useful for digestion, but also animal protein. The birds on the street themselves get various larvae, insects and worms, which are the source of protein.

For proper digestion in the morning it is necessary to feed with wet mash. During the day, indoors, the best option would be dry food, and on the run - what the birds will get for themselves. In the evening, the ideal food for laying hens is grain.

It is important not only to take into account the norms of feeding the hens and to observe the correct mode. It is also necessary to ensure that the birds, in addition to the main meal, receive all the necessary vitamins and minerals.

As an additive in feed should be mixed with meat and bone meal, which normalizes the amount of calcium in the body of birds.

Feeding ration for winter days

In order to feed laying hens at home in the winter to bear fruit in the form of high egg production, it is worth taking this process as responsibly as possible. The best option for cold days - feed.

Also in the diet should definitely add boiled and chopped grated vegetables. They will help to compensate for the lack of vitamins that is relevant for the cold season. Blend should be given in the form of heat.

It should be borne in mind that in the winter it is necessary to increase the amount of carbohydrates in the diet up to 70%. In cold weather, it is important to add a lot of greens and fish oil to food.

Grass can be harvested in the summer, dried and hanging it in the hen house. So in winter, the chickens themselves can, if necessary, compensate for the lack of vitamins.

What feeds are allowed

Many are interested in whether it is possible to feed the hens with bread, legumes, buckwheat, etc. In order for such doubts to never arise, it is worthwhile to familiarize yourself with the full list of permitted feeds. This will help to make the menu correctly, taking into account the generally accepted norms for feeding laying hens.

  1. Corn. It contains a large amount of healthy carbohydrates. It is necessary to give corn in the crushed form that it was better acquired.
  2. Barley. Especially necessary for the diet of meat and meat breeds. Be sure to feed the chickens with barley in the winter, as in the germinated form the grass can perfectly replace fresh greens.
  3. Wheat. This cereal is rich in vitamins of groups B and E, and also contains in its composition vegetable proteins.
  4. Wheat bran. In their nutritional value, they surpass even the wheat from which they are made.
  5. Oats This cereal contains in its composition a large amount of fiber. To better assimilate oats, it should be crushed and steamed. Otherwise, uncleaned cereal can irritate the esophagus. It is very important to feed chickens with oats if you want to increase their egg production.
  6. Oat bran. They are rich in fiber and a large number of beneficial trace elements.
  7. Buckwheat. It consists of many vitamins and protein, which help chickens to maintain their health and stable egg production. It is important to remember that the rules for feeding imply the introduction of buckwheat in the diet in a small amount. It should be no more than 10% of the total amount of feed.
  8. Rye. This cereal is rich in vitamins of group A, and also contains thiamine, preventing the occurrence of beriberi. Rye is rich in iron, zinc, selenium and other useful trace elements.
  9. Millet. It contains a large amount of various vitamins, micro-and macronutrients.

Useful supplements

In order for the bird to have excellent health and high productivity, it is not enough to feed it with oats or other cereals. In the diet should be present and other food, enriched with healthy trace elements, protein and various vitamins. Supplements should be divided into two groups - plant and animal origin.

Herbal supplements:

  • flax-seed,
  • sunflower seeds,
  • legumes,
  • various cakes and cake.

Herbal supplements:

  • meat and bone meal,
  • meat and fish waste,
  • insects, larvae and earthworms.

Harmful products

Chickens can be called omnivorous. They willingly peck off any food that goes into their feeders. It is this feature that leads to frequent diseases of layers.

Indeed, among the waste can get rotten or moldy pieces. Eating such food is fraught with not only the appearance of parasites in the intestines of birds, but also various inflammatory processes and blockage of goiter.

The diet should not be:

  • spoiled feed - fermented or moldy,
  • raw potatoes and peelings
  • whole vegetables (boil and chop them before feeding),
  • products with packaging residues and other items unfit for human consumption.

Bread giving is not prohibited. But such food is not worth abuse. After all, the grain remains may contain mold, which will harm the poultry's digestive system.

To the question whether it is possible to feed the hens with bread, the answer will be positive only in one case. If used pruning will be carefully checked for the presence of mold and flour pests. For food, only an uncorrupted product will be suitable for laying.

In order to feed the chickens in the winter at home or in the summer period to bear fruit in the form of high egg production, cereals should be used as the main feed. They contain many nutrients that are needed for the proper development of the bird.

Homemade feed

High-quality feed is necessary not only for egg production, but also for the normalization of the poultry's digestive system. It is not necessary to purchase ready-made mixtures in specialized stores. Useful food can be made with your own hands.

  • corn - 500 g,
  • wheat - 150 g,
  • flour (fish or meat and bone) - 140 g,
  • sunflower meal - 100 g,
  • barley - 100 g,
  • fodder yeast - 50 g,
  • hay (chopped) - 50 g,
  • peas - 40 g,
  • vitamins for chickens - 15 g,
  • salt - 3 g

  1. All ingredients must be chopped and dried.
  2. Connect to each other in a suitable-sized container with a lid.
  3. Store dry mix in a low humidity environment.
  4. Give to chickens in pure form or add to wet mash.

It is important to properly care for the bird so that the laying of hens at home brings its fruits.

Proper feeding of laying hens in winter and summer plays a fundamental role in the care. Indeed, thanks to the healthy and nutritious food, the immunity of the hens becomes strong, and the egg production is high.

Variety of feed

Every poultry farmer, both beginner and experienced, must properly organize the laying hens at home. If the poultry diet contains the necessary nutrients, the farmer has all the chances to get high-quality eggs - tasty, large, even shape. Consider how to feed laying hens so that they are well born.

Poultry farmers in their farm can use feed for layers of three varieties:

The category of dry feed is feed. It is made and sold thoroughly crushed. This allows the bird not to overeat and avoid obesity. Per day one layer that feeds on feed should eat up the average rate from 120 to 130 g.

Wet food is called homemade mash. According to the norms, wet chicken food must necessarily include: bread, boiled potatoes, other vegetables, meal, wheat bran, grass flour, cereals, cake meal.

An important point - the method of mixing wet mash. The basis for it is water, dairy products. Experienced poultry farmers recommend using whey. It is not necessary to knead large portions, since chickens can not finish eating the whole mash. And such feed for laying hens will soon turn sour.

Если куры-несушки находятся в клетке, рекомендуется в мешанку добавлять порубленную зелень. При содержании птицы в вольере лучший вариант – бросать им траву отдельно. Куры смогут выбрать то, что больше любят клевать.

For the preparation of combined feed for chickens are used different food. There is a practice in private households to feed pets with masses and dry mixes. Grain is added to the mash, as well as mineral impurities. Useful feed mixture should consist of 2/3 of the grain, and 1/3 of the protein impurities.

What is part of the feed?

The composition of feed for layers requires special attention from farmers. Factory-made feeds are manufactured according to special technologies strictly according to GOST. They contain nutrients in the amount that requires full feed for poultry.

Compound feed for laying hens is a special feed mixture, which consists of the following components:

  • grain mixture and other plant elements
  • elements with animal type of origin,
  • trace elements
  • natural vitamins.

In the most general form, the mixed fodder for layers is characterized by the following composition:

This is a list of necessary components that are necessarily present in the feed. The composition of different combined feeds may vary depending on their purpose - it is compound feed for chickens or for adult chickens, for a cold or warm season. But this basis is preserved.

A balanced feed for laying hens should include grain mixes in the amount of from 60 to 75% of the total diet. Corn (from 40 to 50% of the diet) is especially valuable in feeding broilers. Replenishes the body of birds with carbohydrates and vitamins, in particular carotene, contributes to the bright yellow color of the yolk.

Barley for chickens (about 30%) is used to make meat juicy. Wheat (from 40 to 70%) supplies poultry with vitamins E, B, protein. Wheat germ is useful for laying hens, especially in winter, when there is no greenery. It prevents vitamin deficiency, promotes better digestion and absorption of food. How to sprout wheat for feeding chickens, video prompts:

Add vitamins and premixes to feed

Oats are used to prevent pecks, often in the form of bran (no more than 15% of the total mass of the mixture), because the bird is hard to digest. Millet (from 10 to 20%) as a source of carotene is added to feed for chickens and adult birds.

Sunflower, flax and legumes increase egg production. Cake and meal are added to grain for laying hens to increase the level of protein and protein. Age, breed of bird - indicators of which grain is better for her to use.

The composition of the feed for layers is supplemented with premixes and vitamin complexes. But they should not be used as an independent feed. This is fraught with overdose, disease and bird extinction.

Calcium is a necessary component for the body of the hen. It provides a durable egg shell. Contained in limestone, gravel, shell, salt, bone meal. Chalk for chickens is the most well-known source of calcium (37%). Therefore, giving chalk to chickens as an impurity to the main feed is extremely important.

Amino acids help to avoid pecks. They are contained in soybean meal, meat and fish waste, which are also common to the main feed. Calcium sulfate is found in gypsum and also prevents cannibalism. Such impurities should always accompany the food of chickens from the first days of their lives.

How much protein, fat and carbohydrates should a layer get per day?

Properly feeding laying hens means giving them a balanced diet that contains proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.

The ability to carry eggs, the intensity of the egg-laying of a bird depends on what the hens eat. Compound feeds come in four varieties:

  • proteinaceous - a source of vegetable and animal proteins,
  • carbohydrate - consist of grain mixtures, cereals, bran, vegetables and root crops, flour mixes,
  • mineral - contain minerals,
  • vitamin - replenish the supply of vitamins, provitamins.

For one hen the nutritional value of feed per day is: from 60 to 70% carbohydrates, from 15 to 18% of proteins, from 3 to 5% of fats, from 4 to 6% of fiber. It is enough to feed such a layer a day to replenish your energy reserve. It is important that the protein is ingested in laying hens in the right quantity. Since 80% (about 18 g) it goes to the formation of eggs.

The diet of the laying hen is replenished with vegetable proteins through feeding in the composition of mixtures with cake, sunflower, rape, legumes. To ensure the supply of animal protein, it is necessary to feed chickens using fish and meat waste, bone meal, insects, earthworms.

The diet of laying hens needs fats that are also involved in the formation of eggs. Their sources are corn, sunflower, oats, pumpkin. Carbohydrates are the basis for the vital activity of the chicken body as a whole. To feed the hens for their production is necessary for vegetables, root crops, grains, bran.

Diet for chickens depending on the season

In order for laying hens to have high egg production, you need to know how to properly feed the bird in seasonally. The diet of chickens depends on the time of year. Below is a table in which the seasonal norms of feeding birds are calculated.

Feeding the hens in winter is different from feeding the hens in the summer in that chopped vegetables are added to the feed. Also in larger quantities in the ration of hens includes sunflower meal, steamed makuhi. Such nutrition for laying hens allows you to replenish substances, which are often not enough in winter.

Age of birds and diet

Age of birds determines the feeding of laying hens at home. This is due to the intensity of the egg-laying. It is known that the most productive period in laying hens is the first year of their egg production, with a peak in such weeks: the 27th and 28th. At this time, have plenty of food laying hens.

In the period of high egg production, the daily ration of poultry should include carrots, pumpkin, boiled potatoes, yeast, barley grain, wheat, additives of fish (bone) flour, shells, green grass. This feed contains a maximum of nutrients. It is also recommended gradually, approaching the peak of egg production, to introduce protein in chicken feed to increase the quality of eggs.

When the bird reaches 48 to 50 weeks of age, its egg production begins to fall. A laying hen no longer needs energy in the same quantities. Feed the hens at this time should be approximately also, you can replace the fish meal, corn, barley, pumpkin.

The daily feed rate for laying hens depending on the age of the birds is presented in the table below:

Proper feeding of laying hens at different stages of their life allows you to get a quality, large egg.

Ready feed: common types

There is a wide range of combined feeds on the market that are used for feeding layers in private farms. The age of a bird is a factor on which it depends which feed compound to choose for its pets. Consider the most popular options.

This combined food in the form of cereals from the group PK-1 is intended to feed the chicken age 20-45 weeks. Begin to apply it from the moment the egg-laying starts. The composition has a beneficial effect on egg shells. If you clearly know how to feed the chickens, egg production reaches high levels and without impurities. The composition of feed for laying hens is as follows:

Cost: 20 rubles / 1 kg.

Compound feed for laying hens PK-1-3 is used as a diet for poultry after 45 weeks of life. It has the appearance of small granules. The packaging indicates how to feed the chickens with this mixture. Thanks to her, the bird is saturated faster. It consists of the following components:

Price: 16 rubles / 1 kg.

This feed for young birds, whose age reaches 1-7 weeks. Made in the form of small grains. It contains beneficial substances that ensure the formation of a young healthy organism of the future layer at an early stage. The composition of feed for chickens is as follows:

Cost: 25.5 rubles / 1 kg.

Compound feed for laying hens PK-3 is used as the main diet for poultry aged 8-20 weeks. Like the previous version, it is cereal, which prepares the bird for intensive egg production. The composition of the feed for layers is as follows:

Price: 21.5 rubles / 1 kg.

In addition to these varieties of feed, there is also feed PC-4, PC-5, PC-6, and others. You can also prepare a combined feed for laying hens at home with your own hands, knowing the basic composition.

How much feed does one hen need during the day?

The average daily rate for laying hens of the required feed is: from 120 to 130 g of food.

But do not forget that the air temperature directly affects how much a chicken eats. If in the summer the temperature begins to exceed the norm for chickens by 1 degree, they already eat 1% less. In winter, on the contrary. Therefore, in the summertime, you can include less feed in the daily ration, but use such varieties that contain more nutrients, based on how much feed the chicken eats.

Some farmers, in order to find out how much feed a bird needs, practice calculating the average daily norm depending on its weight. For a bird from 1.5 to 1.8 kg, feed consumption will be about 120-125 g, and for a two-kilogram hen the daily ration requires 130 g.

How many times to feed chickens during the day?

How many times to feed chickens depends on the season: in the summer - twice, in the winter - three times a day.

The feeding trough is filled with only 1/3 with dry mixtures - how many chickens eat so that less bird feed is pounded. The agar is superimposed on such volumes that the chickens can consume it for an hour before souring. Be sure to follow the feed and the availability of clean water in drinking bowls in sufficient quantities.

In the morning and at lunch they give wet food, and in the evening - grain for laying hens. Mashanka in the evening is contraindicated. Evening feed should be light, therefore it is recommended to feed the bird with grain for the night. You need to clean the feeders as much as the feed changes daily.

In winter, the feeding regime is as follows: morning feeding at 08.00, the dining one at about 13.00, and the evening one at 18.00. In the summer, laying hens are fed twice, if there is a possibility of walking and grazing on green grass. In this case, the feeders are filled at 08.00 and around 18.00. In the morning, the ration consists of mash beans, and in the evening - from dry cereal feeds. If chickens are kept in cages and are not grazed, then in the summer it should be provided with a poorer feeding. These factors determine how many times a day and how often to feed pets.

How to feed a bird for high egg production?

If in the summer vitamins are abundant due to the riot of greenery and herbs that the bird eats, then in the winter with special care it is necessary to select the ration of feeding laying hens to maintain egg production. Determine how to feed the chickens in order to be better carried in the cold. Sources of vitamins in this case are juicy vegetables and roots, sprouted grains, oil cakes and flour substances, hay and silage, as well as dairy products in large quantities - about 100 grams per day. The mixture can also be prepared on the basis of fish broth.

During the molting period there are also special requirements for feeding the laying hens. It is necessary to increase the content of juicy and protein (in particular animal origin) feed. Feeding itself should not be as abundant as at the peak of the egg-laying, but diverse. At this time, feed components such as shell, carrot, pumpkin, potatoes, cabbage, chalk, slaked lime, baking yeast should be provided to the bird. Vitamin supplements to the diet are also introduced.

What can not be used as feed for chickens?

Despite the fact that chickens are attributed to omnivorous birds that eat grass, there are questions as to whether it is possible to feed some laying hens.

For example, fish oil, which causes an unpleasant smell of eggs, is contraindicated. Do not use too hard food - peel watermelons, orange, potatoes. Chickens can not digest this food, which is fraught with the development of encephalopathy.

Overcooking poultry vegetables can cause diarrhea and digestive disorders. If this happens, you need to rid the diet of vegetables for a while.

Let us consider in more detail, what it is impossible to feed laying hens, than to donate from food, so as not to create problems for the health of the bird.

Boiled potatoes: can or cannot?

Chicken is good to feed potatoes. It should be boiled, mashed in the composition of the mash. The average rate of potatoes per day is about 50 g.

The danger is a potato that has sprouted or turned green. It contains solanine harmful to the body. And boiled potatoes of this kind, and water from under it, on which the mash is made, cannot be given to chickens so that they will not be poisoned.

Zucchini: allowed or contraindicated?

Many farmers have a question about whether zucchini can be given to chickens. This is a good component for mash, especially in the winter season. They serve as an excellent substitute for green grass food.

The caution is this: it is necessary to refrain from feeding the zucchini birds as a monoform. And also to avoid their use for birds under the age of 3 weeks. Overcooking zucchini also fraught with digestive disorders and diarrhea.

Bread: use in feed for chickens or not?

Bread chickens can not be given as an independent feed. It must be mixed with other nutrients - cereals, grains, etc. But such feeding is suitable for birds that have the ability to walk and move a lot. If chickens are kept in cages, then bread can lead to blockage of blood vessels and cause death.

It is dangerous for layers to give fresh bread. It tends to swell in the stomachs of birds, to create lumps in the goiter, which can result in suffocation.

Do not feed the birds with black bread, because it contains too much yeast and salt. The acidity level of this product is very high for poultry. This can cause fermentation processes in the stomachs. Ideal - dried white bread, which is useful to feed pets.

It is dangerous to feed chickens and bread covered with mold. If such product gets into the body of a bird, it can cause severe poisoning. The answer to the question of whether it is possible to feed laying hens with baking is a strict “no”. This will result in blood clots, diarrhea and poisoning.

Apples: Allowed or Banned?

Apples - another dangerous product for layers, if used irrationally. Over-feeding with apples can cause clogging of chicken gizzards, and how to provide problems for the digestive tract.

The best option - is to give the hens once every two weeks one apple per four individuals, so that many of them are not passed.

Diseases, poor taste of eggs, low egg-laying rates are the most common consequences of improper, unbalanced feeding of poultry. Keeping poultry at home poses a challenge for farmers to provide food for their pets, filled with the necessary amount of nutrients for high productivity of laying hens.

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