What does a peacock look like? Bird Conditions


Few people know, but the female peacock is rightly called pava, and this name has long become a symbol of grace and lightness, because everyone probably knows the expression “acts like pava”. Sometimes pavas are really graceful girls, in whom every movement is distinguished by extraordinary smoothness. This is how the name of a nondescript (against the background of a bright male) female became a common noun, and how!

Distinctive features

While male peacocks tend to boast of iridescent plumage and a luxurious tail, the female has a rather faded color. At the most common type of feathers painted in a grayish tint and only in the neck and chest can be feathers marvelous emerald or pinkish tint. In males, as we know, the plumage can combine absolutely inconceivable colors: blue, green, orange, golden. Not surprisingly, against the background of the "male half" peas noticeably fade.

In addition, the peas cannot boast a long, gorgeous tail, while the peacock boy is able to turn his long colorful tail into something like a huge fan. But they also find a common feature - a tuft on the head, resembling a crown.

True, the peacock-male has a clearly visible blue tuft, but females can boast only a modest gray-brown.

But do not think that the peas ugly. In comparison with the rather bright and bright colors of their male relatives, their color looks quite elegant, without excesses. In addition, as in most species of birds, all this is due to the fact that the main function of females is incubation of eggs, and this will be much easier to do if the coloring is not too bright. In addition, during the mating games, they do not need to attract the attention of the males - they are interested in the possibility of being with pava. And the very bright tail - a distinctive feature of a peacock - is just a way to attract the attention of your partner so as not to go unnoticed.

Species of peacocks

The habitat of the wild representatives of these birds is India and Sri Lanka. There are the following types of peacocks:

  1. Ordinary. Males have beautiful blue feathers, golden-green play on the back, and the tips of the wings are orange. The birds themselves are quite large - the length of their body is about 120 cm. The pea is much smaller, the overtail is absent, and the plumage is grayish. True, in the area of ​​the breast and neck, you can find beautiful emerald feathers. Tuft of female individuals is brown.
  2. Black shoulders In fact, it is not a separate species - it is just a mutation of the color of its Indian colleague, but for a long time they were distinguished as a separate species. It differs from the Indian color of the wings - they are blue-black. But the ladies of this species have a light beige plumage, and in the area of ​​the tail they have a light brown.
  3. White. Another example of the mutation that gave us creatures with such a marvelous color of plumage. Representatives of both sexes have a luxurious snow-white color, but they are not albinos at all. So, individuals of the male have blue eyes, and female - blue. In general, absolutely snow-white females look incredibly touching, therefore this species is often kept at home, without crossing white peacocks with their fellows of other colors.
  4. Green. Very large can reach up to 3 m in length. The main color of plumage in males is blue with a green tint. There may be blotches of red and brown. Interestingly, the color of the pea is not too different, but it is two times smaller (and four times less than the mass).

Where does the female peacock live?

Even the little ones know the name of this bird, so we will immediately move on to the natural habitat. Wild peacocks and peacocks can be found exclusively in Sri Lanka and in India. They try to avoid open areas. Most often, these birds settle in sparse forests and shrubs. From time to time they wander to nearby agricultural plantations.

Peculiarities of keeping at home

People have been engaged in the domestication of peacocks since ancient times. In those days, they were a true decoration of gardens and parks of noble grandees. Today, many of our compatriots are engaged in the breeding of these feathered beauties.

The first thing you need to remember for those who plan to start these birds - is that they need a separate cage. They can show aggression towards other birds and can simply peck up the neighboring relatives. In order to avoid such incidents, each peacock family is recommended to provide their own pen.

Ideally, they should be kept in a spacious aviary consisting of a foundation and a frame covered with a fine-meshed stainless mesh. It is desirable that the paddock, the height of which must be at least three meters, was combined with the barn barn.

On the floor, it is imperative to pour a ten-centimeter layer of river sand, over which small pebbles are poured, helping the birds to digest solid food. In addition to the enclosure, peacocks need a poultry house, which is a barn with perches and nests.

Reproduction and breeding chicks

Individuals that have reached the age of three are considered sexually mature. The breeding season of these birds usually falls in the spring and summer months. The ritual of toking is very different from other birds. They perform beautiful marriage dances. To win the favor of his girlfriends, the male begins to flaunt his tail in front of them. Each female peacock lays from five to twelve eggs. In a month, babies hatch from them.

Interestingly, peacock chicks, whose bodies are covered with grayish fluff, develop much faster than the offspring of other domestic birds. A week after the birth, babies are already starting to fly and lead an active lifestyle. In order for them to develop normally, they need to ensure a sufficient amount of feed and constant access to clean drinking water.

Young animals can be given the same food as adults. However, it is desirable to additionally add kefir, cottage cheese, boiled eggs and oatmeal to their feeders. Up to six months of age, chicks are recommended to give vitamin supplements and preparations for coccidosis.

Shy girlfriend

It is hard to imagine that such a brightly colored male can have such a gray and inconspicuous friend. The female peacock is called pawa. The color of its plumage is monotonous and dull. She has no long iridescent tail. Color selection can be seen only on the neck, it can be blue or green feathers. And the head of pava is crowned with a pretty tuft. But even he is inexpressively brown in color, whereas in peacock there is a tuft-crown of beautiful blue feathers on his head.

Pava can not be called an ugly bird. She just does not need to attract the attention of others. Her main task is to make a laying and sit healthy offspring. It is much safer to sit in a nest, with plumage, merging with the surrounding branches and shrubs.

Although about the tail, we got excited. The tail of the peacock and pea is exactly the same. The pride and decoration of the male - long feathers nadkhvostiya. They are brightly colored and end with a multi-colored eye.

Peacock female is easy to distinguish from male.

Female white peacock

White peacocks are unimaginably beautiful. This is not a separate species, but a color mutation of the Ordinary species. But white peacocks are not albinos at all. The dominant gene is responsible for the color of their plumage. Eyes have white handsome blue. This magnificent variation is often kept at home.

The female white peacock is also completely white. Unlike her partner, she has blue eyes and looks very touching. Experts do not advise to cross white females with partners of the usual blue color. The result of this crossing will be unpredictable. The plumage of birds may be faded or with white bald spots.

The snow-white pava incubates the offspring for 30 days. The chicks have a yellow fluff on the back and abdomen, but their wings have a white color immediately.

The female white peacock is very beautiful

Mating games

The main goal of the partner is to attract attention. Instinctively, Pawa chooses the most beautiful male so that her children inherit the genes of the best representative of the species.

The mating dance of the male lasts about twenty minutes. He freezes for a long time in favorable positions and shakes his tail. The dance steps at a different time of year are simpler and shorter. Males perform the most active mating dance in cool weather. During courtship, the male opens his tail in front of the fan. But the female of her partner evaluates not according to him. Ornithologists, who observed a long period of peacocks, noticed that the tail was not important for making a pair. Rather, it is a guarantee that the bird dance will be seen in the tall grass. As soon as the young lady became interested in the marriage presentation, the peacock turns away from the chosen one, and shows her his back. Experts suggest that it is in the form of the “loin” part that the female determines his health, age and strength.

Peacock performs mating dance before pava

Main job

The inconspicuous pawn erects a nest in a quiet place to lay 5-7 eggs in it. The nest itself does not have a complex structure. It is a shallow fossa, lined with dried grass and down from the female’s chest and abdomen. Hatching lasts a month, and then chicks appear. It is difficult to understand right after birth that you have future kings and mods in front of you. Nestlings have a speckled color with a dominant gray color. Feathers nadkhvostiya have no chicks. They grow up later.

But to distinguish where the male, and where the female among the chicks can be very soon. Males grow much faster. But the peacock beauty blooms completely closer to three years. But little pava reaches sexual maturity by two years.

Peacocks are polygamous birds. Their family consists of a group of females, and one male. Pav in this group can be 4 or 5 individuals. Females get on together in a group easily, in two males will behave aggressively.

About 5 females can live with one peacock

Peacocks in the yard

Peacocks often give birth to decorate their yards. They contain no more difficult than chickens, but it will take a lot of space. The family must have a large aviary in order to walk and move. At home, the family usually consists of three females and a male. But sometimes the male chooses one female, and only teases her. In the wild, this does not happen.

For the female to be able to give birth, certain conditions must be met. A pair is never made up of adult birds of one brood. A female and a male should not have kinship, otherwise there will simply be no offspring.

In the wild, pawns look after chicks well, but at home they often refuse to sit on the clutch and look after their young. If pava made a clutch and sat on the eggs, then under it you can put an additional up to 8 eggs. In another case, eggs will have to be placed under the chicken or turkey. Even if mother is ready to raise offspring on her own, the owners are obliged to help her. Chicks have a fragile health. Starting from the eighth month, males from one brood are distributed into different enclosures. They begin to sort things out and may suffer in fights. But females can be held together longer, they are not at all aggressive.

Peacocks are very beautiful. Watching them in the wild, or growing at home is a pleasure. Males cause delight, and females tenderness. Despite their simple "dress" they are very sweet and touching.

Pavlinikha or pavé - how to get it right

Many question - what is the name of the female peacock - baffles. Variants of answers are very different - chicken, chicken, peacock.

However, the correct name of the girl peacock is pavé. This is a scientific and everyday term.

Distinguishing a pava from a peacock is quite simple. It has a more modest color and does not grow long feathers on the uppertail. However, it cannot be called gray and inconspicuous. The color of the plumage depends on the species and color subspecies (the peacock has more than one hundred and fifty artificially derived colors). The main task of a peacock girl is to hatch eggs and hatch chicks, which means catchy coloring will attract attention and become noticeable in the background of a bush.

Peacock also has a motley pattern to attract the attention of its partner.

African subspecies

The Congolese peacock is more rare and not many are aware of its existence. Small birds, very cautious and secretive, preferring to nest in places difficult to reach for humans. African peacock females have small spurs on their legs. The head of the pava is almost devoid of feathers, and the skin has a grayish-brown or brown color. Plumage of the neck - a rich red color. A neat head is decorated with a crest of chestnut, brown or greenish-brown feathers. The tail feathers are most often black. The plumage of the back and wings - all shades of green, from very dark, almost black, to emerald. Each feather has a dark edging and longitudinal brownish stripes. The feathering of the pawa is distinguished by a rich metallic luster. The body length of a female of the African subspecies of peacock does not exceed fifty centimeters.

Javanese subspecies

The female Javanese peacock looks very similar to the male. However, it is smaller and does not have beautiful feathers on the upper tail. The plumage of the neck and head is greenish brown, some feathers are cast in the sun in gold. The crest is usually the same tone. The area around the eyes is blue, gray-blue or gray. The feathers of the lower part of the neck are colored green and very saturated. They have a greenish border with a pattern resembling scales. Part of the back on top and chest blue-green, with an abundance of red and yellow spots. In the area of ​​the tail feathers with a beautiful bronze-copper shade. The color of the legs most often is gray, and the beak is black.

Female peacock

The color of an ordinary pava depends on its color form. It is a little smaller in size than its life partner. The length of the body rarely exceeds 100 cm. The natural wild color is dark brown, the feathers have a black edging, and the bottom of the neck is dark green or dark blue. The neat head is decorated with a tuft of golden-brown, gray-brown, gray or dark brown feathers.

Peacock male

African subspecies

The male of the Congolese peacock differs from its relatives by the fact that it does not grow the famous feathers on the tail and does not have such a bright and bright appearance. Male plumage is very modest and in many respects similar to female plumage. The legs of the male peacock are decorated with long and sharp spurs. The head is devoid of feathers, and the skin is most often colored dark brown or greenish brown. Tuft golden brown, golden green, chocolate or dark gray. The tail feathers are black, with a bronze sheen. The plumage of the bird's body is from dark green to light gray-green color. The length of the body of a male with the tail is no more than one meter.

Javanese subspecies

The male of the Javanese peacock is notable for its beauty and long, sometimes up to two meters, feathers on the nadhvostiya. The color of feathering and the drawing of a feather is in many ways similar to the feathering of a female, but all colors are much brighter and richer, with a characteristic golden sheen. By the beginning of the breeding season, males grow long feathers on the upper tail, which many confuse with the tail. Feathers consist of a solid axis, long, silky hairs, painted in bright green color of various shades - from black-green to turquoise, bluish-green and even yellow-green. Feathers end with a peculiar veil with a pattern resembling an eye.

Common Peacock

Female peacock

The color of an ordinary pava depends on its color form. It is a little smaller in size than its life partner. The length of the body rarely exceeds 100 cm. The natural wild color is dark brown, the feathers have a black edging, and the bottom of the neck is dark green or dark blue. The neat head is decorated with a tuft of golden-brown, gray-brown, gray or dark brown feathers.

Peacock male

Ordinary peacocks-males are quite beautiful in their natural wild color: the plumage of a neat head, neck, breast is a rich blue color, which has a purple glow in the sun. On the back are feathers of blue-green, dark green or emerald green color. Bottom body is painted in dark colors - dark chocolate, black, dark blue. The crest consists of blue or green, purple feathers. The tail feathers are most often brown in color.

One of the natural colors of the common peacock is white. The white peacock is not an albino at all, although many people think that way.

White coloration is a consequence of the influence of the autosomal dominant gene W. Birds have snow-white even plumage, without any color blotches. Blue eyes. Females of the white peacock have the same color of plumage as the males.

In addition to the wild, that is, natural and white color, there are eight more common feathers of common peacocks:

  • Coal or black,
  • Cameo,
  • Buford color or bronze,
  • Peach,
  • Purple,
  • Opal,
  • Полуночный или дымчатый,
  • Зелено-желтый.

Каждый из основных окрасов оперения может иметь до двадцати разновидностей. Самочки цветных форм павлина имеют тот же окрас, что и самцы, но в более скромной форме. This is due to the fact that all these color forms are bred under artificial conditions and the females do not need to beware of predators when breeding.

Features of feeding female peacocks

At home breeding of birds, the content of female peacocks and males does not differ. The only exception is feeding paws during the breeding season. At this time, they need additional nutrition, vitamins and supplements.

The standard daily ration of peacock looks like this:

  • about 55 - 60 grams of corn, better crushed grains,
  • 40-45 grams of oats or barley kernels,
  • up to 100 grams of various grain waste
  • 40 -45 grams of herbal flour,
  • 100 - 150 grams of pure and chopped vegetables,
  • fresh grass or hay - plenty.

With the arrival of spring, the females begin preparing for the breeding season and egg-laying.

During this period, it is necessary to add meat and bone meal to the basic ration - up to ten grams per day for each bird, up to one hundred grams of boiled and chopped potatoes, about 100 grams of succulent feed (vegetables, fruits, root vegetables), and up to two hundred grams of protein feed ( It is recommended to give cottage cheese, fish or minced meat, legumes). In the same period, the need of the pava in minerals increases. In order to fill the balance and satisfy the need of the bird, they put a mixture of chalk, small shell rock and crushed shell of eggs, calcium, common clay and sulfur in a separate trough. During the breeding season, various insect larvae and fish fry, as well as boiled mollusks and earthworms, will be a good feeding for the pavas.

Ordinary or blue

This is a very beautiful bird that has a front part of the chest, neck and head of a purple-blue color with a green or golden hue. Their backs are green, with metallic luster, brown spots, blue strokes and black edged feathers. The tail of the peacocks of this genus is brown, the feathers of the upper tail are green, having round spots with a black spot in the center. Legs are bluish-gray, pink beak.

The length of the male is from one hundred eighty to two hundred and thirty centimeters. Its tail can reach fifty centimeters longand the tail loop is about one and a half meters.

Female This species of peacocks has an earthy-brown with a wavy pattern the upper part of the body, green, shiny chest, upper back and lower neck. Her throat and sides of the head are white, and her eyes have a strip. On the head of the female there is a tuft of brown color with a green tint.

The length of the female is from ninety centimeters to one meter. Its tail is about thirty seven centimeters.

Two subspecies of the common peacock are common on the island. Sri Lanka and India. The black-winged peacock (one of the subspecies) has wings with a bluish tint and black shiny shoulders. The female of this peacock has a lighter color, its neck and back are covered with yellowish and brown divorces.

Green or Javanese

Birds of this species inhabit in Southeast Asia. In contrast to the common, the green peacock is much larger, has a brighter color, plumage with a metallic sheen, longer neck, legs and crest on the head. The tail of this species is flat (in most pheasants it is roof-shaped).

The length of the body of the male can reach two and a half meters, and the tail feathers reach one and a half meter length. The color of bird feathers is bright green with a metallic sheen. On his chest are yellow and reddish specks. On the head of the bird there is a small crest of feathers completely lowered.

Female peacock or pea

Females of peacocks are called Paws. They are slightly smaller than males and have a uniform color of feathers and a tuft on the head.

  • Peas become mature by the second year of life. Males are able to breed from the age of two and usually live with several females (from three to five).
  • The female lays eggs from the beginning of April until the end of September. At one time she can lay up to ten eggs. If Pava lives in captivity, then in one season she usually lays eggs up to three times. Eggs ripen about twenty eight days.
  • Males start to differ from females only after puberty, that is, about three years after birth, they have colorful feathers. Nature colored the males brightly so that they could attract females and seek their attention.
  • The females have a green neck, a white abdomen and feathers of a not very bright color. Nature has created such a color of these birds so that they can hide from predators, protecting their offspring. The female does not leave its chicks for a long time, taking care of them.
  • In females living in captivity, eggs laid by them can be taken away and put to chickens and turkeys. It is believed that they more carefully perform the role of "nanny".
  • During the mating season the peacocks should keep in separate cellsso that they do not harm other birds. Males at this time are very aggressive. For females, they will equip special private secluded places where they will breed their offspring. The cages should be comfortable and spacious, as the peacocks are not small birds.
  • During courtship, the peacock spreads its tail, attracting females. If the peacock (female peacock) wants to get close, then the male waits until she concedes to him.
  • At the same time, zoologists point out such a fact that, in fact, Pava does not particularly pay attention to the tail itself. The glance of females is delayed on its basis, thereby determining the age of the partner.

Interesting Facts

  • Scientists have discovered the effect of eye spots on the peacock's tail for mating ritual of birds. The male, who has a large number of "eyes", is chosen by females more often. French scientists have explained this fact by the fact that the spots on feathers are a kind of indicator of the immune system. That is, it turns out that the female chooses the healthiest male for herself.
  • For all its beauty, peacocks have a disadvantage. This is their harsh and unmelodious voice, which resembles the cry of a cat or the creak of an ungreased cart. Birds are especially vocal before the rain, and during the marriage ritual they are silent, so as not to frighten their chosen one.
  • Canadian scientists have discovered a way to communicate between these beautiful birds. it infrasound signalthat is inaccessible to the human ear. It is created by males, thanks to their nadkhvostnymi feathers.
  • The domestication of peacocks occurred in ancient times. They were the decoration of parks and gardens of aristocrats of the whole world. In the Middle Ages, women decorated their clothes with peacock feathers, and knights - hats.
  • Until the 10th-6th century, the meat of young individuals was considered a delicacy and was served at parties and balls. Over time, peacock meat ousted turkey.
  • Hindus carry these birds to the category of the sacred. In South Asia, they are valued for what they warn of approaching tigers, snakes, thunderstorms. In 1963 they were given the status of a national symbol.
  • In some countries, bird feathers are called "the eyes of the devil" and are considered harbingers of trouble. In England, they believe that if there are peacock feathers in the house, the owner may be in trouble. And their presence on the theatrical scene will necessarily lead to the failure of the play.

Despite all these prejudices and superstitions, one can be sure that the appearance of peacocks will give everyone a lot of aesthetic pleasure.