If the pet is going to make the owner happy with kittens, then he will have a lot of questions. How much does the cat bear the offspring? How to make sure that she is really pregnant? How should you take care of her during this period? What signals the approach of labor? We are armed with theoretical knowledge.
About the first pregnancy in cats and its signs
These animals reach a puberty period of 6-8 months. It is at this age that they begin the first estrus, and they can already become pregnant, bear offspring, produce it. But if the owner wants it to be healthy and strong, then you should not hurry and allow the cat to become pregnant at this age. After all, in fact, she is not yet fully strengthened, and if such a young mother has an offspring, it will be weak, painful, if not completely inferior. Experienced breeders recommend waiting for the second or third heat - and only then look for a gentleman for the pet.
The first visible signs of pregnancy are swelling nipples, their staining in pink. This occurs in the third week of the term. The cat becomes calmer, sometimes even lethargic and drowsy. Sometimes at 3-4 weeks the cat is tormented by vomiting in the morning, which is a symptom of toxicosis. At 6 weeks of gestation, the belly of the expectant mother is noticeably rounded. But already on the seventh one can notice the stirring of the future offspring, if you gently put a hand to the belly of the pregnant woman. 2-3 days before the birth, the expectant mother can refuse food altogether and only drink water. On the threshold of childbirth, she becomes very anxious, nervous, especially if the owner has not prepared her a place for lambing by this time.
How many days does the cat carry the kittens?
Pregnancy in these animals lasts 65 days from the date of coverage (mating). This term is approximate. Childbirth can occur at 63 and 70 days. Cats can not procreate and procreate offspring. If babies are born before 60 days, then they are usually not viable. Replanting pregnancy is also not great. If childbirth does not begin 70 days after mating, you should seek help from a veterinarian. By the way, the stress of future mothers-cats can postpone childbirth.
About the number of kittens
In one litter they can be from 1 to 6. It all depends on the characteristics of the feline organism, its strength, genetics. In these animals, the uterus is two-horned. Fertilized eggs are advanced in the horns, there are attached to the walls. The birth of more than 6 kittens is rare. Usually in the very first litter of the pets there is from one to three babies. And the aging cats are not very fertile. When they reach old age, they stop giving birth. Although there are cases of progeny in cats and 12 years. Of course, it will no longer be different health. By the way, in old age, cats may have maternal feelings towards other kittens. This is most likely the instinct of grandmothers.
Very often in one litter all the babies can be of a different color. This is due to the individual preferences of the mother, her temperament, tastes. For example, if a lady loves black cats, then her offspring will almost always be of the same color. And when a cat mates with different males for several hours, then its children will be multi-colored. After all, fathers are different!
About care for a pregnant cat
She needs attention, care, communication, as well as a woman. Therefore, the task of the owner - to give her more time.
In the first half of the carrying of offspring, your pet should receive enough quality food. Her appetite is increasing, and this is the physiological norm. But do not double the usual portion! Increase it by 30-40%, not more. Otherwise, the cat will gain excess weight, and it will be more difficult to give birth.
Limit the darling of food is necessary in the second half of pregnancy. Let her eat what she is used to. It is not necessary in the period of carrying offspring to transfer it from natural food to dry food. Add only foods containing calcium.
If she always fed on dry food, then transfer to special, intended for pregnant women.
A week before birth, prepare the cat "hospital". This may be a box with low sides, so that mother could easily get there. Put an old towel or diaper on the bottom. Let the pregnant woman smell everything, get used to it, adapt to the box, sleep there. Then she definitely will not give birth in the closet or on your bed.
How many months does the cat carry the kittens?
Feline pregnancy lasts about two months. The exact period depends on many factors and can range from 63 to 70 days. If the cat gave birth before the 60th day, then the offspring may be unviable. Perezhazhivanie also talks about the problems. If childbirth has not begun after the 70th day, a vet examination is necessary.
Do not despair, because even premature and kittens postponed for several days can survive and grow up healthy. If the cat during the pregnancy was well fed and was in a comfortable environment, then a small deviation from the period (1-2 days) will not affect the health of the offspring.
If you do not know exactly how many months the cat has been carrying the kittens and when the birth will begin, watch the animals. There are a number of signs by which it is possible to determine whether a cat has become pregnant and will soon give birth.
Signs of pregnancy in cats
In the early stages of pregnancy, the cat is not easy to determine, because there are no special laboratory tests for this. It remains to be guided by indirect signs that may indicate the onset of an interesting situation.
- Decreased activity. A few days after conception the cat can sleep more than usual.
- Weakness, nausea, and vomiting within a few weeks after conception.
- Increase or, on the contrary, decrease in appetite.
- After 3 weeks, the nipples will begin to turn pink.
- Changing taste preferences.
- Changes in character. Usually, cats become more affectionate, but may, conversely, become aggressive.
- In the fifth or sixth week, the stomach will begin to increase.
- The weight of the cat may increase by 1.5 times.
- Two weeks before the birth, the cat starts searching for the nest.
Accurately determine the pregnancy can be in the veterinary clinic using ultrasound. The procedure can be carried out no earlier than two weeks after mating. On the 20th day, a veterinarian can determine pregnancy in cats using palpation. The duration of the period in which this procedure is possible is only a few days, since later the uterus will be filled with water and it will be impossible to grope for the fruits.
Stages of pregnancy
How many months the cat has been breeding kittens, we have already learned. What else do you need to know about the interesting position of a fluffy pet? As a woman's pregnancy is divided into trimesters, so the pregnancy in cats is divided into 5 stages.
- The duration of the first stage is 20-25 days. The cat sleeps more, its appetite and mood change. An animal can become passive, affectionate, aggressive, moody, etc. The tummy is not yet rounded, but the nipples are starting to turn pink.
- The next period is the fourth week of feline pregnancy. The tummy is slightly rounded, because the kittens are 3-3.5 cm in size.
- At the fifth or sixth week, pregnancy is already well marked. Fruits descend into the abdominal cavity and the stomach is significantly rounded.
- The fourth gestation period in cats lasts from the 42nd to the 50th day. At this time, there is an accelerated development of embryos. Their size is already 5-8 cm. The fur of the fruit begins to grow. Often, the expectant mother loses her appetite at this time.
- From 51 days the last stage of feline pregnancy begins. Fruits are already large and active, putting a hand on the cat's belly, you can feel their movement. The cat becomes restless when it approaches the birth, it may begin incontinence. A day before birth, the animal begins to search for a place for the nest.
Features of various breeds
Does it depend on the breed how many months does the cat carry the kittens? Yes, there is some dependence. It is believed that the longer the animal's coat, the longer the pregnancy lasts. Long-haired breeds are resolved from a burden closer to the 70th day, and short-haired cats can lump out for 53-60 days.
You should be aware that replanting is much more dangerous than preterm labor. Carried kittens are often sick. Slightly premature animals are weaker, but quickly gain strength with intensive feeding.
Number of kittens and gestational age
Does it depend on how many months the cat carries the kittens, on their number? Yes, the pattern can be traced here. The more cats have babies, the less will be the term of pregnancy. In particular, this rule applies to young animals.
A large number of kittens in a young mother is fraught with negative consequences for her health, the risk of premature birth increases. Nature itself protects young cats from trouble - in the first birth a young cat gives birth to only one to three kittens. A mature animal can bring up to six babies.
Finally, some useful tips for owners of pregnant cats.
- A pregnant cat should eat well. If you feed your cat dry food, switch to products of the same brand for pregnant and lactating cats.
- Do not self-medicate and do not give the pet any medical preparations and vitamin supplements without prescribing a veterinarian.
- If you have other cats, limit their communication with the pregnant. Able animals love solitude.
- Limit walks on the street, especially in the last stages of pregnancy, when the cat is especially vulnerable and cannot stand up for itself. You also can not allow birth on the street.
- Do not let the animal climb at height. A cat with a big belly is awkward, and a fall is very dangerous.
- Prepare the nest for the upcoming delivery.
- Find out in advance the phone numbers and addresses of the nearest veterinary clinics in case of complications.
- Do not forget how long the pregnancy in cats is normal, and consult a doctor if 70 days or more have passed since the day of conception.
Signs of the conception
The owner can notice the first symptoms of successful fertilization no earlier than 3 weeks after mating. In the cattery, as a rule, the behavior changes: it becomes more affectionate and tender, more often it sleeps. One of the signs of a successful conception is the absence of regular heat.
Babies who develop in the womb require an increased energy expenditure from it, so one of the characteristic symptoms of pregnancy is increased appetite. The need for nutrients is high in the female for as long as pregnant cats walk. In the early stages of gestation, some animals may experience nausea. This is due to the stretching of the uterus, an increased level of hormones. After the adaptation of the organism to new conditions, the state is normalized.
The cat often sleeps, is in a half-dream for a long time - this is how the mother's body reduces energy costs. As the fruit grows, the size of the cat's abdomen increases. Appetite increases by 2 times compared with the normal state. From about the 5th week there is a noticeable increase in the abdomen. A little later, the owner may observe a movement, a change in the outlines of the “waist” caused by the movement of the kittens.
In the second half of pregnancy, the mother's body is intensively preparing for the birth of babies into the world: the mammary glands increase, their color changes. Shortly before birth, droplets of colostrum are excreted on the nipples.
2 - 3 weeks before giving birth, the nesting instinct wakes up from a domestic cat. The animal is looking for a quiet, secluded place for future offspring. The cat often chooses dark cabinets, boxes, space under the bathroom.
Many owners, carefully watching the pet, are interested in this question: if the cat has a belly down, when will it give birth to kittens? As a rule, this phenomenon is observed a few days before the upcoming labor activity. Lack of appetite, frequent licking of the perineum, restless behavior of the animal, searching for secluded places, lowering the body temperature to 37 ° C indicate an upcoming labor.
To determine the pregnancy of the cat at home in the early stages is not possible. Even experienced breeders can only assume that conception was successful. The most informative and reliable method for diagnosing pregnancy is ultrasound examination of the uterus. Ultrasound can be performed starting from the 20th day after mating.
Examination of an animal with the help of special equipment will make it possible to identify not only the fact of gestation, but also determine the number of kittens in the womb. Timely diagnosis will eliminate false pregnancy, detect pathological processes in the uterus.
How to determine the duration of pregnancy in cats, without resorting to the procedure of ultrasound? Special tests have been developed for this. The principle of their action is based on the definition of the hormone relaxin, which is formed during the formation of the placenta. However, tests do not always give a 100% guarantee. For example, with an ovarian cyst, the result may be falsely positive.
In addition to ultrasound and the use of test systems, an experienced breeder or veterinary specialist can determine the fact of pregnancy by palpation of the abdomen. Feeling the abdominal wall requires experience and accuracy, as inept manipulation can lead to abortion. In this regard, ultrasound of the uterus is the most reliable, simple and safe way to diagnose pregnancy in a cat.
How long is the pregnancy?
About how many weeks the pregnancy lasts in cats can be found on the basis of its individual characteristics. The average fluffy mother carries a litter of 9 weeks (63 days). Of course, the figure may deviate in one direction or another. The gestation period depends on various factors: breed, body structure, number of fetuses in the womb, etc. If the pet belongs to the long-haired or large breed (Maine Coon, Siberian, Norwegian Forest and others), then the period of gestation of the offspring can reach 70 days. Small breeds and short-haired cats (Oriental Shorthair, European, British) give birth to kittens faster - 60 to 62 days after conception.
How many days the cat carries the kittens is also influenced by the number of fetuses in the womb. As a rule, if the offspring is small, the animal gets rid of the burden faster. If 1 to 2 kittens develop in the womb, in this case the term of gestation may be delayed.
The duration of pregnancy for each pet is individual and often depends on external causes. So, a stressful situation in the house can lead to perenachivanii offspring. The norm is the deviation from the average figure (63 days) for 4 days in one direction or another.
Inexperienced owners often have no idea how many months the cat has been carrying the kittens. As a rule, the gestation period for small animals is usually calculated not in months, but in weeks or days. As for cats, the average duration of gestation of offspring is two months and several days. It is more convenient to count the pregnancy of the pet in days or weeks after the mating has been done. This will help to organize the care and maintenance of the expectant mother, adjust the diet to meet the increased needs and carry out a diagnostic ultrasound in a veterinary clinic in time.
This is a very rare pathology in which sexual activity is activated in a pregnant female and sexual activity begins. If during this period you do not protect her from contact with the male, then the development of the second “batch” of embryos will begin in the womb. Most often, the underdeveloped fruits of a second pregnancy die during the birth of their elder brethren. The reason for this pathology often are hormonal disorders.
This pathological condition is characterized by the fact that a non-pregnant female behaves like a fertilized animal. At the same time, not only behavioral abnormalities are noted, but also visible signs of an “interesting position”: an increase in the abdomen, a change in the mammary glands, the appearance of milk. The duration of the pathology is different, and in some animals the false pregnancy proceeds as long as the cat carries the kittens in the stomach.
The causes of pathology are not fully understood. It is believed that hormonal imbalance (including thyroid disease), mating with an inferior male, stress, pathological changes in the psychology of the animal leads to a false pregnancy. Oriental cat breeds, sphinxes are prone to false pregnancy. In no case should such a pathology be allowed to drift. False pregnancy is often complicated by mastitis, inflammatory diseases of the genital organs.
It can be determined with a planned ultrasound scan of the uterus, which should be performed 3–4 weeks after the mating. Treatment pathology complex.
Often it happens that all or one embryo ceases to develop and die. This happens for a variety of reasons:
- hormonal disorders,
- inflammatory processes
- генетические отклонения,
- заболевания внутренних органов,
Если все плоды мертвые, то производится аборт в клинике. Если в утробе есть живые котята, то питомице, как правило, дают родить. После родов животному проводят повторное ультразвуковое обследование, по результатам которого ветеринарный врач определяет лечение или рекомендует стерилизацию.
When do you need help from a doctor
The owner of the animal should know not only after how many months the cats give birth, but also when the animal needs qualified assistance from a veterinarian. Symptoms that should alert:
- loss of appetite,
- increased thirst
- discharge from the external genitalia of any color except transparent (dark, bloody, greenish, purulent, with an unpleasant smell, etc.),
- body temperature above 39 C,
- lethargy, apathy, weakness.
Attention to a pregnant nursery will allow time to identify abnormalities in the normal course of pregnancy and take the necessary measures.
The owner, knowing how many cats give birth, as well as many other issues related to the pregnancy of the cattery, will be able not only to provide the animal with proper feeding and maintenance, but also to provide necessary assistance in time if the pathology develops.
How long does a cat's pregnancy last, how to determine. When the cat starts the first estrus: symptoms. How to understand that a cat is giving birth?
Such a situation lasts, as a rule, up to the age of 6-7 years. Older animals give birth to 1 - 2 cubs. . How to determine how many kittens will a cat have?
The duration of pregnancy in cats is on average 65 - 67 days. . It is helpful for owners of animals to know how long a cat's birth takes.
Peculiarities of the first pregnancy in cats
The period of puberty in these animals is approximately 6-8 months. Experienced breeders and veterinarians know that it is very irresponsible to expose the young organism to such a test as pregnancy in the first heat.
If the animal lives in a private house, it is best to temporarily isolate it from possible contacts during heat. Such a “teenage” pregnancy is a serious test for an unformed organism, therefore it is advisable to prevent it.
The offspring born at such a young age are likely to have health problems, and for a young kitten, childbirth will be a difficult test, even a threat to life.
It is best to wait for 2 or even 3 estrus and then allow mating of animals. In addition, regardless of how a cat feels and how it endures pregnancy and childbirth, it is undesirable to knit it more than once a year. The older the cat becomes, the greater the gap between births.
These indicators are purely individual and depend on the heredity and physiology of the animal. It is usually considered that post-born kittens are less viable and have a high risk of developmental and health problems.
The number of kittens in the litter can also be inherited from the ancestors, so even belonging to any breed does not guarantee numerous offspring.
In addition, it is necessary to pay attention to the age of the cat, because the older it becomes, the harder it is for her to bear and give birth.
On average, for breeders it is recommended to adhere to the period of 7 years, during which the cat is able to bear and give birth to the most healthy and viable offspring.
- At the beginning of pregnancy, the cat, like the woman, may develop symptoms of toxicosis. In fluffy pets, they are most often manifested by depression, nervousness, and anxiety. The cat reluctantly goes on his hands, does not want to play and behaves restlessly. Usually, by the middle of pregnancy everything is getting better, and your pet again becomes affectionate and cheerful.
- About a month after conception, an active growth and development of embryos occurs. By the time it takes about a month. The cat mother during this period is less mobile, eats more and sleeps. Habitual behavior does not change drastically, the first-born cat shows maternal instinct by this time, it plays with children more readily, it can come to them at night, even if it had previously only slept separately.
- The last stage is the most difficult for the future mother. The kittens are already completely formed, the “test launch” of all systems begins, therefore the cat has a hard time. As in pregnant women, her body weight increases significantly, which does not allow her to lead a normal life. Closer to childbirth appetite decreases, some cats in a day or two may refuse to eat at all.
- The time immediately before birth is characterized by a change in behavior. The cat becomes more affectionate, often comes to the owner. If you do not prepare a place for childbirth in advance, or the pet didn’t like it for any reason, she can actively ask for a closet, hide under the bed or on the shelves of the dresser. So, attentive owners determine that the appearance of offspring should be expected from day to day.
The birth of kittens is always an exciting and touching moment. If your pet is preparing to become a mother, a lot of questions arise about nutrition, preparing a cozy place, childbirth, and further care of your mother and children.
To prepare for this moment without haste, it is desirable to at least approximately calculate the planned date of delivery. Despite the fact that the terms can be called quite different, the information in our article will help to determine this date.
Puberty in cats and cats
Funny fluffy creatures, who gladly chase a candy wrapper around the room, hunt sunbeams and fall asleep, curled up in a ball, on the knees of the owners, or on a soft pad, grow too fast. And now the graceful charming creation imposingly spreads over the window sill or looks at you with a little contempt from the window sill.
The behavior of cats and cats begins to change from six months, when interest in the opposite sex wakes up in them. By 9-12 months, depending on the breed, these animals become sexually mature. Previously, the representatives of short-haired breeds “grow up”; in long-haired ones, maturation begins by 1, 5 years.
The owners of unsterilized ladies and gentlemen will have to find out what cat songs are, endless fights of rivals during the period of courtship and restless, sometimes even aggressive, and sometimes excessively tender and loving ladies. Uterine sounds or the gentlest meowing, escape attempts, excessively thorough washing will prompt the owners that the cat is ready to become a mother, and it is time for the cat to look for a partner.
If the behavior of the cat has changed too much, and it’s early or impossible to find a partner for one reason or another, you should show it to the vet. Reduce libido will be able to special drugs with a sedative effect.
Important! According to the rules adopted all over the world, pets whose offspring does not represent value as purebred, have developmental defects, deviations from standards, are subject to sterilization.
It helps to control the population of animals, to prevent the appearance of stray cats, which are often the carriers of various infectious diseases that are dangerous for people.
The first estrus in cats does not mean that mating is urgently needed. Puberty does not mean the readiness of the body of a young creature to endure and give birth to healthy offspring. The first mating should be carried out no earlier than the animal, especially when it comes to pedigree cats, will reach one and a half years. Do not just let go of the animal in the hope that the instincts will help solve all the problems.
Having walked, cats can return not only wounded, but also with a multitude of infectious diseases, of which parasitosis is the most easily curable. Such walks are also fraught with problems for cats. So during estrus, pets should be monitored more carefully than usual to be tolerant and understanding, responsible owners.
Symptoms of pregnancy in cats
A cat walking by itself, set free during the heat of the masters, will find a partner for itself. They, as a rule, become the strongest of the males, who won in the clash of rivals on their territory. But with thoroughbred beauties the situation is different.
Having reached a suitable age for mating, they are forced to wait until the owner finds the “groom” suitable for the breed characteristics. Ladies with a pedigree of partners are looked for especially carefully, checking all branches to avoid closely related crossing, tracking heredity to great-great-great-grandmothers.
Important! Most often, the candidates are known before the first heat, pedigree cats "on a pencil" for all owners of future "brides".
But even an excellent reputation does not mean that the cat will become pregnant after the first attempt of mating. Problems with the health of cats is not less than people. A month bye, you must pass an examination at the veterinarian to make sure that all vaccinations are indicated. It is better not to let an unvaccinated animal out into the street; it is not worth doing this even 10-12 days after the introduction of the vaccine.
It will be possible to find out if the meeting ended successfully in 3 weeks or a little later. In the early days, the behavior of cats becomes calmer. This is normal, unless the kitty begins to refuse to eat, or there is no bleeding from the genitals.
At the first signs of pathology, as well as if the "lady" slipped away from home and her partner is unknown, you must show her to the vet. It will not be difficult for a specialist to find out whether the kitty has received injuries from a too obsessive, big boyfriend, or whether she has become infected during a walk.
The early signs of pregnancy are cat drowsiness, a change in eating habits, loss of interest in solid foods. From the first days of pregnancy, the expectant mother can start vomiting, especially in the morning. Although toxicosis is not very common.
Important! Severe vomiting may indicate that severe intoxication has begun. One of its causes may be the death of embryos.
Cats become very aggressive towards the opposite sex. 21 days after a successful mating swell and become bright pink nipples. And a week later, you can feel the stirring of the babies in Mommy’s belly if you gently put your hand on it and gently stroke it.
During pregnancy, the cat must be treated very carefully, especially when trying to probe the movement. It can harm both the cat, scaring or hurting, the answer to what will be instant aggression, and the kids.
Features of pregnancy by breed
Veterinarians have noted an interesting pattern: long-haired cats not only become mature after others, but also carry kittens longer than others. This is attributed to the fact that the formation of long thick hair takes more time.
The cat of the British and Scottish breed demands special attention. Kittens they are often very large and problems with childbirth due to the fact that the pelvis is too narrow. A pregnancy lasting up to 72 days often ends in difficult childbirth, requiring the help of a veterinarian.
Features of pregnancy from kittens
Large pedigree cats usually have a lot of difficulties in finding suitable partners, pregnancy, besides, they carry babies longer, their number is also small - from 2 to 4 kittens.
The more prolific the pregnancy, the faster it ends in childbirth, as nature protected the mother's body, the cat, from exhaustion. From 5 to 7 babies are inferior in size to their brethren, who appear in the company of 1-3 brothers and sisters, but develop faster, they start to feed independently, they can do without a mother a month.
Till how old can a cat give birth?
Among cat lovers, there is an unspoken rule to allow a cat to give birth only up to 7 years. Among the owners of pedigree animals are allowed to receive offspring 2 times a year, to allow the cat not only to leave offspring, but also to fully recover.
Important! The owners, who do not care too much about the condition of their pets, can receive up to 4 litters per year, but already in 5-6 years the mommy's body wears out so much that she is unable to bear normal healthy offspring, which fully meets the standards.
Kittens born over 7 years old are also much weaker, they have more frequent pathologies and genetic abnormalities, and you should not expect high breed qualities from them. They will not be considered worthy producers. So you should not risk the health of the cat, allowing it to give birth again and again.. A beautiful graceful creature is able to live to a ripe old age (10-15 years) with proper care, pleasing the hosts.