Asian or, as is often said, Vietnamese pigs stand out:
- stable weight gain
- unpretentiousness in choosing food,
- undemanding content
Calm females are considered caring mothers, while quite prolific. Puberty of males occurs at the age of six months, and in females a couple of months earlier. On average, pigs give two offsprings per year, each of which can have up to 18 pigs.
At home, Vietnamese piglets live in a humid subtropical and tropical climate, but this does not prevent animals from successfully adapting to the more severe climate of the Russian central zone.
Pigs have excellent immunity, they easily resist common diseases of domestic animals, and with good care, Vietnamese piglets breed even better than many reputable breeds. This is facilitated by the fact that animals are distinguished by a strong constitution, which speaks of a meat orientation, and their meat is juicy, the amount of fat is small.
What do Vietnamese piglets look like?
Vietnamese vislobryushie piglets have a very memorable appearance. Among the characteristic features of the breed:
The name of the breed is obliged to one more peculiarity - volumetric pendant stomachs appearing in the growing Vietnamese piglets.
Such an “decoration” for an adult boar can practically reach the level of the soil, which, however, does not prevent animals from maintaining mobility and enviable activity.
The funny appearance of young Vietnamese piglets, as in the photo, sometimes attracts the attention of fans of decorative animals. But in this case it must be remembered that, despite cleanliness, the piglets remain representatives of their own species, and miniature pigs quickly turn into powerful animals. By puberty, animals reach a weight of 30–35 kg, and an adult breeding boar or sow weighs up to 150 kg.
Vietnamese piglet content
For ease of care when breeding Vietnamese piglets animals take away a dry, warm, ventilated room. The floor in the pigsty should be flat, durable, suitable for repeated cleaning and disinfection. It is best if it is concreted. On top of this coating is a boardwalk.
Compared with other breeds, Asian pigs are quite small, so do not require a lot of space for placement. Machines are made taking into account the possibility of their daily cleaning. How many Vietnamese piglets should be kept on the farm, the livestock breeder himself decides, but the pens should be from 4 to 5 square meters in size:
- a pair of adult females
- one male
- one sow with litter.
For the winter period, heating is provided in places where Asian pigs are kept. It is especially important to keep warm when small piglets appear, whose immunity and protection from negative environmental factors depend only on receiving mother's milk and human care.
In the warm season, animals provide walking. The yard must be protected from the wind. In case of rain, they surely arrange reliable sheds; at the height of pig growth, boards are stuffed about which you can scratch your back, take out the feeders and containers with water.
Catering for breeding Vietnamese pigs
The novelty of the breed generates a lot of not the most accurate information regarding, inter alia, and animal nutrition. It is sometimes advised to build Vietnamese piglet diets exclusively on green fodder. Indeed, the volume of the stomach and peculiarities of the digestive system of pigs allows you to absorb a large amount of grass, but in this case it is not necessary to wait for good weight gain and meat quality. Greens will force animals to eat huge amounts of feed to produce a lot of waste, but the effectiveness of such a diet is low.
What to feed Vietnamese piglets at home? In homestead farms, the ration of piglets bred for meat is built on high-calorie grain mixtures with the inclusion of green plants, which is especially justified in the summer. Instead of the roughage that pigs usually get, such as straw or root crops, viscose-bogged Vietnamese piglets are offered hay.
Grain feed mixture based on grain crops is made with emphasis on barley and wheat. They are well digested and provide bacterial weight gain. These cereals should account for up to 70% of the volume of feed.
Hard to digest cereals, for example, oats, peas and maize include in the feed at the rate of 10% of the total:
- All types of grain are pre-crushed and filled with boiling water to obtain a nutritious wet mixture.
- 8–9 liters of water should have half the volume of cereals and a small spoonful of salt.
- After 10–12 hours of steaming the food is ready.
- For greater efficiency of the diet, vitamin supplements, digestive stimulants, and fish oil are added to food.
Sows, while waiting for offspring and already caring for the piglets, make the menu more diverse by adding fermented milk products, reverse, chopped boiled eggs to the mixture.
Good results are given by feeding Vietnamese visually bilious piglets with thick cereal porridge. In winter, pre-harvested pumpkins and carrots are introduced into the diet. Animals love vitamin hay based on leguminous crops, such as alfalfa, wiki, clover. Up to 15% of the feed, especially during the cold season, can be boiled potatoes.
Vietnamese pig breeding
Independent breeding of Vietnamese pigs requires compliance with certain rules. For mating, females older than 4 months of age, who gained more than 30 kg of weight, and males from six months are selected. At the same time, animals should not be closely related.
It’s possible to bring the boar to the mumps when signs of hunting appear to her:
- not passing concern,
- swelling or secretions in the genital loop.
When breeding at home, Vietnamese pigs are allowed from 114–118 days after mating. About the upcoming litter a few days before the event, the pig warns with restless behavior, trying to crush the litter and cost the nest.
If the breeder takes into account the appearance of the female, he will notice signs of lowering of the abdomen, clearly marked milk lobes and enlarged nipples, the expiration of colostrum.
A crucial role in the success of breeding Vietnamese pigs is the care of the livestock from the first days of life. At the time of farrowing and for the newly emerged piglets, the temperature in the pen is 30–32 ° C. Pigs of Asian breeds last from 3 to 5 hours. When all the offspring was born, it is important to wait for the placenta. Piglets are cleaned of mucus, dried, treated with an umbilical cord and placed on the sow so that they can feed them with colostrum. The sooner this happens, the greater the likelihood that the animal will grow strong and strong.
A good help for a novice breeder who is interested in this unpretentious breed will be a video about Vietnamese piglets, their breeding and breeding in the conditions of a backyard.
Care for Vietnamese piglets for self-breeding
From the first hours of life and up to about one month of age, Vietnamese piglets receive breast milk. But if at first - this is the only product in their menu, then from the tenth day the animals are offered the first dressings in the form of drinking water, chalk, crushed charcoal and clay. Mineral supplements are designed to improve the processes of digestion and beneficially affect the state of bones and immunity.
It is impossible to keep Vietnamese piglets only on milk for too long. Rapidly growing young animals begin to lack iron, calcium, other trace elements and nutrients. Long feeding may not have the best effect on the health of the sow.
Therefore, from the age of 20 days, suckers are introduced into the feed with thick cereals based on mixed feed with the addition of vitamin complexes. To prevent anemia, pigs receive injections of specialized drugs.
From one month of age, young animals are gradually weaned from milk, transferring to the mode of feeding and feeding on adults. By this time, healthy active Vietnamese visually bruised piglets weigh over 2.5–3.5 kg.
Breeding Vietnamese pigs is not only a way to quickly and without much trouble provide the family with useful meat, but also a profitable business. By the time the pigs are ready for slaughter by 3-4 months, however, in order to get more weight, you can wait until six months, when the peak of the growth of the animals passes.
The Vietnamese fish-tailed pig, which is otherwise called the Asian herbivore, first appeared on the territory of Southeast Asia. It was only in 85 of the last century that it was brought to other continents from Vietnam. That is why she received such a name, although it is more correct to say: an Asian vislobryukh pig.
Initially, the breed was recognized only in Canada and in the United States of America. Only after a while, farmers from European countries began breeding Vietnamese pigs. Only after this breed gained recognition in Europe, she came to our country.
In Russia, the Vietnamese visloblast pig appeared relatively recently, but it immediately gained popularity among domestic farmers. Currently, it is increasingly bred in the territory of our country.
Vietnamese vislobryushie piglets, whose characteristics are given in this article, are not very large animals. Their height at the withers is no more than half a meter. They weigh from five to seven dozen kilograms. However, according to American standards, boars and hogs can weigh even 90 kilograms. Despite the fact that these pigs are herbivores, male fangs reach a length of 10 or 15 centimeters.
As for the appearance, the pigs of this breed are very funny. They have short legs and a wide body. The belly is hanging, and it is very pronounced (hence the name). Their ears are small and erect.
The most common vislobryushie Vietnamese piglets, reviews of which demonstrate their excellent product quality, have a black color. However, this does not exclude other color combinations. Bristles can be silver, white and even red. Sometimes several colors are mixed on the bristles at once, and this is the norm.
One of the features by which one can accurately determine this breed is the elongated bristles along the ridge, which in appearance resembles a kind of Mohawk.
Asian pigs have some health features that need to be considered before breeding these animals. Note that their immunity is very good. They are almost not subject to various diseases.
The disease that most often affects these animals is helminth infection. However, this can be avoided if you follow the hygiene in the places of their breeding, as well as to observe preventive measures where the Vietnamese vislobryushie live. Vaccinations they almost do not need. At least in large quantities. It is necessary to carry out de-worming regularly not only in order to protect pigs, but also to protect themselves, since helminths of piglets can be very dangerous for humans.
Another problem is the reaction of the body of piglets to drafts. Small pigs painfully perceive strong gusts of wind, because of which they can suffer from catarrhal ailments.
According to reviews, representatives of the Vietnamese breed are very picky about food. They do not take into the mouth everything that comes their way. Piglets, as a rule, do not taste poisonous plants and taste strange or spoiled products. However, you should follow the fact that eating pigs, because the wrong diet can lead to weight gain and an increase in the layer of fat.
Feeding low-fat Vietnamese piglets, as advised by experts, should be done twice a day in the summer. If they graze and have free access to fresh grass, then it is enough just to lure animals with cereals, vegetables and fruits. Feeding low-fat Vietnamese piglets in winter is carried out three times a day. Top dressing during this period is represented by beetroot, pumpkin and carrots.
How to feed the visually bastard Vietnamese piglets? Because they are animal herbivores, grass should be given regularly. It is the basis of their diet. In winter, it is replaced by hay. You also need to add to food apples, zucchini and pears. They contribute to the full development of animals.
In total, the share of fruits and plants in the diet of lop-eared pigs ranges from 50 to 70%. The rest is cereals such as wheat, rye and barley. Corn, according to experts, is the product that can lead to obesity, so you should not give it to pigs in large quantities.
In winter, fresh grass is replaced by hay. It is best to harvest it from clover, sweet clover or alfalfa. These plants are very tender and juicy, so they are easily digested by pigs. They are contraindicated dry hay, as well as straw.
Another option - cereal porridge. She is very useful for small piglets. Top dressing in winter is vegetables that should be given raw. The absence of heat treatment will save all the vitamins. 10 days a month should be added to the feed fish oil in the proportion of two tablespoons per bucket.
As they say numerous reviews, vislobryukhie Vietnamese pigs eat and feed. With it, you can quickly fatten pigs. It can be purchased as a finished product, and cook yourself. In the mixtures that are sold in stores, all the ingredients are in the optimum ratio, which provides a balanced diet. If the food is prepared at home, then you need to know how many ingredients are added to it.
The share of barley in the feed - 40%, wheat - 30%, peas, maize and oats - 10% each. However, feed allows you to quickly gain weight, so you need to carefully monitor the nutrition of piglets to prevent their obesity.
For the cultivation of pigs, the meat of which will be used to cook bacon and other products of this kind, according to the experts, you need to feed it with barley, oats, peas, corn and wheat feed, combining all this with fresh herbs and vegetables. This will allow to grow an individual weighing a whole hundred kilograms already in 4-5 months after its birth.
It is known that Asian pigs easily adapt to the Russian climate. They are unpretentious in content. However, it is important to know some points that will help equip the pigsty correctly and prevent any problems from occurring.
Here the pig breeders advise the following:
- The maintenance of Vietnamese vislobrew piglets is to create a pigsty that is comfortable for them. So, it is necessary to allocate them a room with stone or brick walls, to concreted floors in it. Then you need to make a coating of wooden flooring or a thick layer of straw in the area where the piglets will live. And in the place where they will begin to relieve themselves, to carry out the ebb and provide free access of the trolley for the removal of manure to the "toilet".
- It is important to ensure the availability of a spare room, because sometimes there is a need to set down some individuals from each other. For example, a sow with new-born pigs should be in a different pen, and not where the rest of the Vietnamese baby-pigs live.
How many individuals to keep in one pen does not matter. Since the representatives of this breed are quite friendly and sociable, you can arrange them two by two.
Judging by the reviews, Asian pigs should move as much as possible and more often. This is necessary so that they do not gain weight. A sedentary lifestyle will cause the fat layer to increase. Therefore, you need to provide them a platform for walking. It should be located near the pigsty.
Within this site, one should dig a medium sized hole and fill it with water. Baths with mud will help pigs cool in the hot season and ward off insects from themselves. It is necessary to ensure the presence of a tree or log, which pigs could scratch their sides, as well as their backs.
Pregnancy of a sow lasts for three months, three weeks and three days. In the first litter only five to ten pigs, but in the following times there may be up to 20.
Vietnamese vislobryushie piglets, whose weight in the newborn age is not more than half a kilogram, grow rapidly.
Before the farrowing, it is necessary to prepare a warm and protected from the draft place. According to the behavior of a pig, you can understand when it comes to giving birth. She worries, in some cases refuses to eat, gathers hay in a pile and prepares a nest from it.
Birth Vietnamese sows last for three and a half hours. It is important that at this moment the owner is near. Immediately after the birth, the piglets need to get colostrum. It must be given within an hour, because piglets are born with a very small supply of nutrients.
Вьетнамские вислобрюхие свиньи – отличные мамы, как утверждают их владельцы. Они очень заботятся о своем потомстве и стараются накормить каждого поросенка. Однако им не всегда хватает сосков на всех, поэтому маленьких свинок кормят из обыкновенных детских бутылочек регулярно, каждые полтора часа. Для этих целей подходит как коровье, так и козье молоко. However, you can not accustom them to feeding from a bottle with a nipple, and in the second week of life you need to add fertilizer. Be sure to put drinking water where the piglets are, they need to drink regularly.
How to feed newborn babies? As pig breeders advise, ordinary grass as well as hay will be suitable for this purpose. You can fry corn, wheat or barley grains a little. In this state, the grain gets a sweetish taste and like animals. There is another advantage of such food - piglets are accustomed to solid foods, and their gums are massaged.
Porridge is a necessary food that small Vietnamese vislobryukie piglets should eat. The diet of these animals includes porridge from oats and barley. First, they are cooked with milk, and then - at the back. The older the pig gets, the more feeding it should eat. The amount of milk, on the contrary, must be reduced.
Weaning offspring from the female should be made at the age of 2.5-3 months. Continuing to feed piglets with sow's milk can be bad for their health. Immediately after weaning, you need to do the selection of feed. The proportion of protein in them should be at least 20%, fat - from five to six, fiber - only three. By the age of 4 months, the protein content should be increased to 30 or 40%. It all depends on the size and development of the pig.
Since some pigs are raised for fat, others for meat, and still others for breeding, it is necessary to make up your diet for each one. This will achieve the desired results. But in any case, there are products that all pigs should consume. These are mixed feed consisting of bran, oats, corn and barley, root vegetables and other vegetables, as well as grass.
Judging by the reviews, the pigs in no case should not be supercooling, as they can get sick. Therefore, it is necessary to do everything possible so that the ambient temperature is above 25 degrees Celsius.
Differences from other breeds
Looking at the pigs, which are discussed in this article, it is impossible not to notice that they are very different from their other counterparts. However, this concerns not only the appearance. Breed Vietnamese piglets differ ingenuity and tranquility. What else are the differences? First of all, in character. Their temper is very appeasable, they do not make noise without a reason. Their relationship to the offspring is also completely different. The sow never eats its piglets, and feeds the offspring without any problems.
Another difference is cleanliness. Vietnamese piglets and pigs clearly share in the pigsty a living area and a place where it is necessary to relieve themselves. They are very easy to teach them to go to the toilet in a certain place. They capture this information as quickly as cats. In addition, the stifling smell that comes from a regular pigsty never appears where Vietnamese piglets live.
Advantages over other breeds
There are a number of advantages that Vietnamese piglets have vislobryukhy. Feedback about them, as a rule, contain the following information:
- Pigs have innate immunity, which is why their percentage of survival is much higher than that of other breeds.
- The female is multifaceted. On average, she brings at one time about 12 pigs, but sometimes their number can increase to almost two dozen. Vietnamese pig breeds twice a year.
- Asian piglets grow faster, their reproductive activity begins from four months of age.
- Vietnamese meat-swine meat pigs, unlike their fellow meat, contains several times less cholesterol. It is more juicy and tender, suitable for people who suffer from heart disease. In addition, it can be one of the dishes on the diet table.
- Asian pig meat is about 70-80% by weight of the entire carcass. This means that an individual weighing 100 kilograms can produce at least 70 kg of meat. Impressive performance, isn't it?
How to choose a Vietnamese pig?
In order not to be deceived when buying a Vietnamese pig, you need to follow the advice of experts. This will allow you to choose the healthiest pigs, as well as save yourself from further problems in their breeding:
- It is necessary to examine each pig in the litter and choose the most developed individuals in the physical plane. He must be strong, shot down. Their limbs are most often widely spaced.
- The head is wide, on the pug there is a specific bend of the nasal bones, which makes the piglet look like a pug. Pig bristle smooth and smooth, her eyes shine, the pig is very active and cheerful, she has a good appetite.
- It is also necessary to examine the pig along with his sow. In a month he weighs about three and a half kilograms, and the female feeding him looks emaciated, her milk lobes sagging. If not, then either the pig is older, or it is not his sow.
However, it is not enough to know what to do when choosing a pig. You must have knowledge of what you can not do:
- Buy two piglets (female and male) from one litter. This can lead not only to diseases of their offspring, but also to degeneration.
- If there is a single producer boar on the farm, the probability of closely related crossing increases to almost one hundred percent. It is better not to buy a pig on such a farm.
After the choice is made, it is important to find out what he was fed on the farm. Sharply change the diet can not, because the animal may feel bad.
Growing Asian Pigs for Business Purposes
Black Vietnamese low-sprouted piglets, as well as other species of Asian pigs, are fast-growing animals whose meat is highly valued. Not surprisingly, they are bred for business purposes. However, deciding to engage in such activities, it is necessary to study the rules of the pork market.
First, the weight of the individuals to be sold should reach more than one hundred kilograms. Smaller animals are almost impossible to check for any diseases, so wholesale buyers will not risk. At the same time in carcasses weighing up to 50 kg more meat, and fat, respectively, less.
Since the Vietnamese piglets have delicious meat, from which they cook bacon, all sorts of cuts and kebabs, they can be sold in natural products stores. If the farm contains not only pigs, but also birds and grow vegetables in addition, it is possible to open your own business.
Interestingly, the maintenance and care of the Vietnamese visually blasted piglets fully pay off a year after the start of sales of individual individuals or their meat. So this, judging by the reviews, is a very profitable business.
These pigs differ from most traditional ones in that they have inexhaustible possibilities. Moreover, breeders do not stop improving the existing characteristics of the breed.
The most striking differences of the Vietnamese pigs of the blunt-bite type are:
- Rapid ripening and readiness for procreation
- Uniform, rapid weight gain of animals
- Unpretentiousness to feed, willingness to eat any food
- Endurance, undemanding to conditions of detention
- Special cleanliness, allocation of the place for emptying
Females of this breed are very caring like mothers. They bring a large number of pigs, despite the fact that sexually matures in another 4 months, and males - in 6. During the year a pig can be farmed twice, resulting in at least 18 pigs each time.
Adaptation to climatic conditions
In Asia, pigs of this breed grow in humid conditions, which differ in the jungle in the subtropics and the tropics. However, after such a climate, the “Vietnamese” calmly take root in the conditions of the Russian cold. Pigs have excellent immunity, easily cope with most diseases that are affected by domestic animals.
With proper care, such piglets are much more profitable in breeding than most common breeds in our latitudes. The reason for such endurance is a dense constitution, indicating that the animal is more meat than greasy. Their meat is very juicy, fine-fibered, with a small amount of fat.
Appearance of animals
Piglets of this breed look very unusual. The most distinctive features of these stocky animals are:
- Black color of skin and wool
- Broad chest
- Strong back, wide
- Short, well-standing legs
- Short pretty face
- Small protruding ears
- origin of name
The breed is named after its appearance. After all, the growing animals begins to sag in the belly. And in adults it sags right down to the ground. In spite of such a weighty element, the visually bruised piglets remain very mobile.
Because of such an unusual appearance, young Vietnamese pigs became the object of attention of admirers of ornamental species of animals. Although it should not be forgotten that even with special care, they do not cease to be pigs. And thanks to extraordinary productivity, massive animals quickly grow from tiny pigs. Already in 4-6 months, they weigh at least 30 kilograms. When the boar grows to the status of a breeding boar, and the female to a sow, their weight can even exceed 1.5 centners.
This is a very profitable breed of pigs in all respects. No wonder such a huge interest her breeding caused worldwide, including our domestic breeders.
How to grow Vietnamese piglets at home
In the countries of America and Europe, livestock breeders learned about the possibility of effective cultivation of Vietnamese pigs only in the eighties-nineties of the last century. And Russian business executives became interested in breeding this type of pig and that later. Therefore, so many who want to learn how to properly breed Vietnamese pigs at home.
The most difficult process in breeding Asian pigs is rearing. After all, pigs, like any children, require special attention. This is the temperature of the air, and the humidity of the pen, and access to the sow. And if any of these or other conditions are violated, the young can simply become extinct. Therefore, it is important to consider all aspects of the content of both piglets and adult individuals.
In order for the Vietnamese piglets to be as comfortable as possible, they need to equip a dry, warm, well-ventilated growing room. Flooring on the ground should be as even as possible. It is also important that the floor was durable, because the pigs are many, and everyone strives to dig their nose to the ground. It should be suitable for regular cleaning as well as disinfection work. Well, if the floors will be concreted, and the top will be covered with boardwalk.
Since the "Vietnamese" have small sizes, it is not necessary to prepare a large territory for them. It is much more important that the machines can be cleaned every day. The number of piglets that can be kept simultaneously in any household is unlimited. This is determined by their owner.
It is possible to calculate the required area very simply: on 4 square meters several females and a male can fit, or a sow with a brood.
Lighting and ventilation
Usually in the winter time, pigs in large numbers from spacious pens on the street are transferred to closer machines. In them, if the proper conditions are not followed, any pathological microflora can develop very quickly. Therefore, it is important that these areas are well ventilated. This is a very important condition for the healthy growth and development of animals.
It is also important for piglets to have sufficient light. Animals respond positively to a good influx of daylight natural light. But if it is not possible to provide such a condition, it is possible to use artificial lighting. For young stock, you can use a pre-heated infrared lamp with occasional ultraviolet switching on - to disinfect the stall. Optimal lighting and ventilation are mandatory conditions for the productive breeding of pigs of this breed.
In winter, rooms with Vietnamese piglets should be heated. Heating is especially important for newly born piglets. After all, they have very weak immunity. Therefore, protection from aggressive external conditions can only be ensured by the presence of a sufficient amount of mother's milk and attentive care from the breeder.
Food and walking pigs
When the season is warmer, animals should have adequate food and walking in the open air. Such a territory should be protected from the wind and partially covered so that they can hide from the rain. So that the pigs can scratch their backs, boards are packed at the height of their standard height. In such a territory should be remote feeders and drinkers.
Pros and cons of green food
Since this type of pig breeding is new enough for our compatriots, they have a lot of questions on the selection of feed for these animals. Many prefer to give them only green food. The size of the stomach, as well as the device of all the organs of the gastrointestinal tract are suitable for ingestion of large volumes of herbs. However, a good weight gain of piglets from such feed can not be obtained. Yes, and the quality of the resulting product, such a diet also affects not the best.
When eating exclusively greens, pigs will produce more waste. The effectiveness of this diet is quite low. Therefore, it is recommended to feed meat piglets with high-calorie grain mixtures. Of course, greens should also be present in the diet, especially in summer. This will be very rational, because it will allow the use of free feed, which in this period very much. As well as herbs - the best source of most vitamins and trace elements necessary for young animals and adults.
The composition of feed for piglets
Usually pigs are given roughage, that is, straw and root crops. But vislobryushie Vietnamese piglets prefer a more gentle delicacy - hay. The grain part of the diet should consist mainly of barley and wheat. Such products are perfectly out-poisoned in the body of animals and give an excellent increase in body weight. The composition of the meat is bacon. These cereals in the diet of pigs should prevail. Only 30% of the total amount of fed food is allocated to the remaining feed.
To make food more effective, it is recommended to add vitamins, stimulants and omega-3 fatty amino acids, that is, fish oil.
When a sow must breed or cares for the offspring, its menu should also be richer and more varied. During this period, sour milk, whey, cottage cheese and boiled eggs are very effective.
How to feed grain
When eating heavily digestible types of cereals such as oats and maize, their percentage ratio with other feeds should not be higher than 1:10. Any grain should be crushed, steamed with boiling water and brewed until a homogeneous nutrient mixture with sufficient water content is formed. For steaming, water and crushed grain are taken in a 2: 1 ratio. To improve the appetite of animals, add 10 grams of salt to this mixture. The process of steaming grain lasts 11 hours.
Introduction to the diet of such piglets thick soup made from grain has a great effect on the efficiency of their feeding. In winter, it is useful to feed your pets with pumpkin and carrots. Animals like eating hay from vitamin grasses. Legumes, including alfalfa grass, dry clover and vikomeshanka, give a good increase. Also in winter, more than 15% of the diet can be replaced with boiled potatoes.
Growing Vietnamese pigs at home is quite an easy and profitable process. The main thing is to take into account the simple conditions and adhere to the rules of their content. And very soon the work of the livestock breeder will be rewarded with an excellent result.
Mating conditions for Vietnamese piglets
You can not pair animals from the same genus, because as a result of this will get sick offspring. It is necessary to let the male to the female when she begins to show signs of hunting:
- Constant, not calming anxiety
- Swelling and the presence of discharge from the sexual organ
- Lack of reaction to shocks and pushing in the stall
The female should be farrowed 115 days after mating has occurred.
The forth litter for a couple of days is signaled by the pig in that it begins to behave extremely restlessly. She begins to tamp litter, to lay out her nest. The female abruptly lowers the abdomen, the mammary glands swell, the nipples increase, from which colostrum appears when pressed.
Care for the young after birth
Proper care of the pigs in the first days after their birth plays a very important role in how successful their breeding will be. For this, proper conditions must be provided in the pen. The first thing is the temperature not lower than 30 degrees. After all, pigs are born very weak. And when they get cold, they can begin to develop various infections, many of which can destroy all offspring.
How to act immediately after pig farrowing
The process of giving birth to a Vietnamese pig lasts an average of 4 hours. Поэтому после появления первого же поросенка нужно обеспечить ему надлежащие условия. Ведь до выхода последнего первый может элементарно замерзнуть. Потомство нужно освободить от материнской слизи, дать возможность просохнуть, обработать антисептиками пуповину и подложить к свиноматке.In the first hours, it gives colostrum, very useful for the baby, which contains immunity and all the necessary nutrients for the pig. And the sooner you start giving this product, the healthier the animal will grow.
Features of breastfeeding
If the female has enough breast milk, then there is no need to restrict the piglets to receive it. Up to one month of age, babies can eat one colostrum and milk. However, at the age of 10 days, the young must begin to drink water. You should also give him mineral bait. Chalk, charcoal and refined clay are best suited for this. These substances will improve digestion, the development of the musculoskeletal system and the formation of immunity in piglets.
Why are supplements needed?
Piglets that eat the same mother's milk begin to suffer from iron, calcium and many other trace elements that are important for the body. Nutrients that are not available in breast milk in sufficient quantity for the grown pig are also necessary. In addition, from too long feeding of offspring sow can significantly weaken. But in the economy, it should work on the resumption of livestock.
What do the piglets need besides milk?
Starting from 20 days or more, suckers should receive lure in the form of a thick soup from animal feed with vitamin supplements. To avoid the so-called anemia in piglets, it is desirable for them to conduct prophylactic therapy with specialized veterinary drugs. At the age of 1 month, young animals should be weaned and moved to a separate pen for adult mode.
If the piglet is healthy and active, then it weighs 2.5 kilograms and more per month.
That is, breeding piglets is not at all difficult. With the right approach, it is possible to quickly increase large livestock, which will allow providing even large families with meat all year round.
At what age is it rational to cut a Vietnamese pig?
The first thing that interests any breeder who acquires this breed, at what age is it rational to cut a Vietnamese pig? Compared to ordinary animals of this species, early enough. Pigs are ready to be slaughtered, even in 3 months. But it will be a small stock of meat and an almost absent layer of bacon, which is so appreciated by lovers of pork. And in order to get more useful product, it is better to make a face in 6 months. After this age, the intensive growth of the animal ceases.
Since the animals are not very large, it is not difficult to stab them, and it is much easier to carve such a carcass. A professional carver will cope with one pig in 1-1.5 hours. The product yield of more than 75%, which is also higher than that of ordinary pigs. This is another advantage of Vietnamese piglets - quick readiness for use and prompt processing of the product.
Vietnamese pigs feed very quickly. They are much faster ready to be cut. Therefore, the lack of meat with such an economy in the family just will not.
Calculations for business
Breeding Vietnamese piglets is beneficial not only because you can get a lot of useful meat and bacon for the family very quickly without much effort. It is also very profitable in economic terms. It is easy to perform basic calculations for the business of such a plan, given the advantages of this type of animal husbandry:
Breed of pigs "Vietnamese vislobryuhaya" was brought from Vietnam to Canada and the Eastern part of Europe back in 1985. Gradually, the fashion for breeding these animals spread to many countries: America, France, Hungary, Poland and others. The most active breeding work is currently being done in Hungary and Canada. In these countries, experts are trying to make the breed even more attractive for breeding by increasing the size of the animal and the percentage of its muscle mass. In Russia, this breed has been spread relatively recently, breeders are just beginning to master the breeding of these good-natured pigs.
Vietnamese pigs are distinguished by certain features that need to be considered when breeding them. Many of them are advantages that cause such a rapid spread of fashion to the content of pigs.
One of the main features of the breed is the rapid maturation of animals. As early as 4 months, the female individuals become sexually mature, and the hogs are ready for reproduction in 6 months. And care for newborn piglets is quite simple, since the sow does not interfere with it and behaves quite friendly. She herself takes care of the offspring, having developed maternal instinct.
Another feature of these pigs is good immunity, they tolerate both hot climate and cold winters. These animals are only afraid of drafts, which are especially destructive for small piglets.
The Vietnamese Vislobryhaya pig breed has gained its popularity due to the following advantages:
1. Low feeding costs.
2. Compact size, allowing you to keep several individuals in one not too large machine.
3. Immunity, steady against diseases and differences of temperatures.
4. The possibility of almost year-round (depending on the breeding place) of free range, since the pigs tolerate low temperatures during the winter.
5. Animals are very clean, free from the peculiar smell inherent in almost all pigs of other breeds.
6. Possess a tender meat with a low fat content and no vein. Low cholesterol in the product makes it possible to use it for people with vascular diseases.
7. Early puberty makes it possible to get the first offspring from a pig that has reached only 7-9 months. At the same time, animals that live for about 30 years are capable of farrowing throughout their lives. In addition, Vietnamese pigs are incredibly fertile; they bring between 12 and 20 piglets at a time.
8. Calm and good-natured. Let the owner to the piglets, do not break open-air cages, they have the ability to train.
All the advantages of this breed will be real only when choosing healthy individuals that can later produce offspring. Sometimes there is a Vietnamese visrubry pig, reviews of which are not very good. As a rule, such animals weigh about 40-60 kg by the year, and the owner of the farm cannot even give offspring 10 months from a female. This result is most often due to the wrong choice of piglets. To buy an animal suitable for breeding, you need to pay attention to the following points:
1. You can not acquire piglets that have appeared from one litter.
2. If the breeder has several sows and one boar on the farm, it is better not to buy pigs in this place. Such animals will certainly be relatives, from which it is impossible to get healthy offspring.
3. You need to know the weight with which the pig was born. It is better if the seller tells the dynamics of the growth of the animal at intervals of 10 days from the moment of birth.
4. In order to make sure that the piglet’s age and its real value, indicated by the seller, can be asked to show the sow that gave birth to the animal. If the piglet is only a month old, then the pig should have loose milk lobes, it should look thinner. Otherwise, the pig is older than the seller says, or there is another sow in front of the buyer.
5. It is possible to determine a healthy animal by its appearance. The piglets should be well developed muscles. The legs of healthy individuals are strong, widely spaced. The external sign of belonging to the breed is a kind of stigma, which has numerous bends of the nasal bones.
If a piglet has a long head, a spindle-shaped body and legs in the shape of an “X”, then such an individual is sick. In addition, these signs may indicate a degeneration resulting from the birth of a pig from a relative's parents.
A healthy piglet is distinguished by a tight build, the coat is even, and its eyes are shiny. Such an animal is active, has a good appetite. Waving a thin tail from side to side shows the excellent mood of the pig.
Color does not matter. It is predominantly black, but even in one litter there can be piglets, both white and mixed.
6. If the litter has more than 12 piglets, then such animals may be weak. The choice should be taken very carefully.
7. Having decided on the piglet, you need to ask about the food, which was used by the previous owner. Switching to another food should not be abrupt, otherwise the animal may get sick.
Place of content
The maintenance of Vietnamese pigs does not require much hassle. Due to their relatively compact size, animals do not require a very large pigsty. It is best to make it of brick, and make the floor concrete. So that during the cold season the pigs do not freeze on the stone floor, about 2/3 of the pigsty should be covered with wooden scaffolding. This area will be a kind of sleeping place for animals. The rest of the space will serve as a place for feeding and a toilet. Vislobryagaya Vietnamese pig - the animal is clean, so you can not worry that the manure will be scattered throughout the pigsty. In addition, the little animals do not dig the floor, which also simplifies the life of their owner.
In one machine measuring about 4.5 m2, two adult pigs can be placed, one sow with piglets or a boar. When planning the internal structure of the pig house between the machines, it is necessary to leave a passage sufficient for the passage of the trolley, with the help of which it will be possible to clean manure. The room should have a well-organized ventilation system. Lack of fresh air and blockage of the pigsty will adversely affect the health of animals.
Despite the fact that the breeding of Vietnamese visually bruised pigs is possible even at low temperatures, which they calmly tolerate, in the winter you still have to worry about heating the pigsty. For sows and newborn piglets, cold can be disastrous. For the offspring to be healthy, grow well and get better, it needs a temperature of at least 20 degrees Celsius. Heating of the room can be carried out by gas convectors, Russian stove, other heating methods.
Daily stay in the fresh air in warm weather provides pigs with strong immunity and good mood. Less sick and well gain weight regularly walking Vietnamese vislobryukhie pigs. Keeping exclusively in captivity will lead to the breeding of weak and sick animals.
On the site for walking, if trees do not grow there, you need to dig a few logs into the ground. Pigs love rubbing against them. The easy canopy protecting animals from a rain and the scorching sun will not prevent on a platform.
Great pleasure will bring the pigs of this breed, who are very fond of swimming in the mud, a kind of pool. Its role can perform a small depression in the ground with dimensions of 2 by 2 meters. The pit must be periodically filled with fresh water. In such a pool, pigs can get rid of annoying insects, as well as cool off in hot summer weather.
Choice of feed
Proper diet is the key not only to the growth of a healthy animal and a good weight gain, but also to obtain high-quality lean meat that distinguishes Vietnamese vislobryukhy pigs. Feeding animals depends on the special structure of their digestive system. A small stomach and a small diameter of the intestines, the rapid movement of food through the digestive tract make undesirable the use of coarsely ground feed. A standard treat for ordinary pigs, such as fodder beet, straw, will not do any good for the Vietnamese breed. Well digested in the gastrointestinal tract of these pigs is the young hay of herbs from the legume family - alfalfa, clover.
A good option - feed, cooked in the form of thick dense porridge. Such food lingers in the mouth for a long time, Vietnamese pigs chew it thoroughly. Feeding such a consistency contributes to the release of a large amount of saliva, under the influence of which the starch turns into sugar. This simplifies the process of digestion.
In order for food to be absorbed as best as possible, preference should be given to ground grain. Whole grain feed mostly passes through the digestive tract of the pig unchanged, without being digested.
The basis of feed are barley and wheat. Oats, peas and corn are also added to it. The latter should not be more than 10%, since this herb causes obesity in pigs. If you add too much corn to the feed, it will be almost impossible to get tender bacon meat.
Vitamin supplements have a good effect on pig health. Piglets can be given fish oil, sows in a bucket with animal feed add eggs, milk, vitamins. In its raw form, so that the vitamins are not destroyed, zucchini, carrots, and pumpkin can be given to animals. If vegetables are still cooked, they should be cooked immediately before feeding.
Farrowing Vietnamese Blight Pigs
The main condition for the appearance of healthy offspring is the lack of kinship between the sow and the boar. Otherwise, the appearance of piglets with deformities, weak and sick. In the future, these animals are very bad weight gain, often they can not have their own offspring.
The spit-horn Vietnamese pig reaches sexual maturity by the age of 4 months, the boar a little later. Determine that you can start mating, you can as a pig. She becomes restless, the sexual loop swells up. When pressing on the croup, the animal freezes in one place. If all these signs are visible, the pig can be hooked for one day to the boar. The first farrow of Vietnamese pigs is about 5 pigs, then up to 20 animals are born, most often around 12.
Pig pregnancy lasts from 114 to 118 days. A few days before giving birth, the animal begins to worry, to set up a nest, carefully crushing the hay. If it appeared colostrum from the nipples, the appearance of pigs will occur within 24 hours. By farrowing need to carefully prepare. The machine must be well cleaned, leaving only the hay and a bowl of clean water. Separately, you need to equip the corner for newborn piglets. In this place it should be warm, in the first hours of life the temperature will be about 30 degrees.
If necessary, the airways of the piglets are cleaned of mucus, then put in a prepared place for drying. It is important to ensure that in the first hour of their lives, each pig gets the necessary amount of colostrum. It contains a large number of nutrients that the newborn offspring is lacking.
At first, piglets feed exclusively on milk, which meets their needs in almost all nutrients. The exception is iron. To prevent anemia in the offspring, piglets can be given injections of special preparations.
On average, by 10 days of life, a piglet reaches 1 kg in weight, by 20 days - 1.5-2 kg. By the month, a pig with a birth weight of 400-450 g should weigh at least 2.5-3 kg.
For a good gain in weight, the piglets of a week-old can begin to introduce complementary foods. This may be chalk, charcoal, other substances containing calcium, phosphorus. 10 days after birth, animals are given clean water. Two-week piglets can begin to lure thick porridge. A month after giving birth, the amount of milk from the sow is decreasing, by this time the babies should learn to chew food themselves. In the same period it is necessary to begin the gradual weaning of the pigs from the mother.
Breeding pigs of this breed is a promising investment. Vietnamese visrubry pigs, which cost about 8,000 rubles per adult, are very unpretentious, do not require expensive feed and special care. Decisive for profitable breeding is the correct choice of piglets, which cost about 3000 rubles.
The meat of pigs of this breed is very tender and tasty. Appeared on the market recently, but has earned the trust of consumers. The meat of medium-sized individuals weighing up to 40 kg has a particularly good taste, although carcasses weighing about 100 kg enter the market.
The meat of Vietnamese low-fat pigs contains little cholesterol, retains most of the nutrients in any method of heat treatment.
In order for animals to grow well, gain weight and bring healthy offspring, you need to follow the guidelines for keeping and feeding animals. Then breeding pigs of this breed will be really profitable.
For the first time, Vietnamese vislobryushie piglets appeared in 1985. Their homeland is the Southeast Asian countries. As the breed spread, they began to breed in many European cities and Canada. The first deliveries of pigs were carried out from Vietnam, from which the name came.
Due to their unusual size, piglets began to gain popularity. Они широко разводились в фермерских хозяйствах Франции и Америки. Специалисты по выводку данного типа свиней, поставили перед собой задачу повысить показатели продуктивности. С этой целью были разработаны мероприятия, направленные на увеличение количества голов и их мышечную массу.Growing piglets to this day is carried out according to an algorithm created several decades ago.
Features Vietnamese piglets
Lop-eared piglets have a number of features that are unique to their breed. When leaving, keeping, feeding and breeding, they must be taken into account in a mandatory manner. Most of the features, by right, are considered the advantages of pigs, which increases their popularity among rural and farming.
It is noteworthy that females are sexually mature at 4 months. During this period, they are able to produce healthy offspring. Hogs are a little behind in development, they become mature by 6 months.
Another feature of the breed is ease of care. Newborn pigs do not require special attention. Sows have a developed maternal instinct, they carefully monitor their offspring and provide it with everything necessary. Intervention from the human factor is unacceptable.
Sows have developed maternal instinct
Vietnamese piglets have strong immunity. The animal body is able to prevent the development of many diseases, which are recorded in representatives of small hoofed animals. Pigs freely get used to any climate, without harm to their own health. Their homeland is a hot country, but they can survive even at low temperatures.
The meat of animals is very tender and juicy. He is rightly considered a real delicacy. The thickness of fat does not exceed 2-3 cm, which will appeal to gourmets. The meat has a bright and rich flavor. You can enjoy delicacy at any age, without fear. This is due to the immunity of the body of pigs to standard "pig" diseases. Due to this, farmers receive healthy offspring and a completely safe product.
Sows lop-eared individuals have a high level of "performance". They are fertile, which allows the pig in one litter to bring about 18 pigs. For the year, the pig produces about 24 individuals with a good genetic memory. This feature protects animals from eating dangerous plants.
Pigs often feed, but at the same time consume the minimum amount of feed. At the heart of their diet are green food, in connection with which animals belong to the class of herbivores. Farmers are captivated not only by the minimum expenditure on feed, but also by the cleanliness of the piglets. They are always clean, the animal will not "shit" in the place where it rests and eats. This is a huge plus for both the individual and the farmer who provides care and cleaning.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
Each breed has its own advantages and disadvantages. Before you purchase the first individuals, it is advisable to get acquainted with the main advantages. These include:
- gentle and docile nature
- minimum living conditions
- precocity (individuals quickly reach periods of puberty),
- ease of care,
- high disease resistance
- developed maternal instinct, which eliminates the help of man,
- tasty and tender meat.
Tasty and tender meat
There are also disadvantages, however they are so insignificant that they are practically not able to influence the choice of an experienced farmer. The disadvantages of the breed include quick weight gain. If you do not follow the diet of the animal, it quickly gets fat, which will increase the value of meat and adversely affect its softness. Intensive nutrition enhances the growth of fat, while the fleshy part does not increase. On the one hand, this is a disadvantage, on the other - the real advantage.
Vietnamese piglets are an integral part of modern farming and agriculture. The absence of the need to create optimal conditions for existence increases their popularity. Pigs do not need special nutrition and independently raise offspring without human intervention. High protective functions of the body, protect the breed from serious diseases, which simplifies the process of caring for them. The result of the content of the Vietnamese breed is tender meat and significant monetary growth.