Every owner wants to protect his four-best friend during summer walks from tick bites. Unfortunately, even pets that are walking in the city are not insured against these blood-sucking parasites. The high activity of ticks in the warm season is due to the peculiarities of their life cycle and reproduction.
If a dog is bitten by a tick, the consequences can be sad. She is threatened with babesiosis. About the symptoms of this disease in a dog and the protection of a pet from a tick bite, we will describe further.
A little bit about ticks in dogs
There are hundreds of varieties of ticks. These parasites are found in all points of the globe. Ticks are widespread in Russia.
In late autumn, with the onset of cold weather, mites fall into anabiosis. The gradual awakening of the parasites begins in the first spring months.
Ixodes ticks are the most dangerous for animals; the dog tick parasitizes dogs. Adults of these parasites are located on the grass, branches and leaves of low shrubs in anticipation of the host. Sensing the approach of a warm-blooded animal, the tick falls on its fur and begins to look for a place to bite. It is usually attached in places with very thin skin and little hair: behind the ears, between the toes on the paws, in the folds of the skin, on the abdomen. Anxiety of the animal after walking and itching are the first symptoms of a tick bite in a dog.
The most necessary to protect the dog from ticks
Be careful: look at your pet
While walking with an animal, it is important to notice in time that the dog was bitten by a tick or fell on its fur. Therefore, veterinarians recommend inspecting the animal twice a day, especially if the pet is walking outside the city, for example, in the country. Also in the summer cottage, you can mow the grass, then the parasites will have less opportunity to attack the animal.
After returning from a walk, inspect the pet's fur, special attention should be paid to the places behind the ears, on the abdomen and between the toes on the paws. It is difficult to notice an unaligned tick, since it has a small size. Therefore, you need to inspect the dog as closely as possible and in bright light.
Need reliable protection: use drugs from ticks for dogs
For the prevention of a tick bite to a dog, special insectoacaricidal preparations are used. The choice of many breeders and dog owners, as well as the recommendation of veterinarians are drops from ticks for dogs BlochNet max.
After applying the BlohNet max drops to the withers of the animal, the drug deters ticks from your pet for four weeks.
Benefits of using BlohNet max for dogs:
- The desired result is achieved within days after treatment of the dog,
- Security. The drug belongs to the low-toxic compounds and does not cause allergies,
- Tick drops are the most convenient way to use a dog insecticide / acaricide drug,
- Control the first autopsy. The drug bottle has a lid of the first opening control, which ensures the safety and guarantees the purchase of a genuine drug.
For extra protection
To enhance the protection of the dog while walking through the forest or the field in the warm season, you can use BlochNet spray. It is applied to the body of a dog 40 hours before going to nature. After applying the drug to the scalp, its active components accumulate in the epidermis, hair follicles and sebaceous glands, providing a long-lasting insecticide acaricidal effect. Spray provides more reliable protection of the animal with drops.
Ticks in a dog: treating an animal if it finds a bite
It is difficult to remove the tick attached to the dog's skin without special tools or tools. In addition, there is a risk that the head of the tick will remain in the body of your pet, this can not be allowed.
Experienced animal owners use the anti-tick agent BlochNet max for sticking off the parasite.
Found a dog stuck in the tick? It is important to know the symptoms of babesiosis.
If the parasite is a carrier of babesiosis, then during the bite with the saliva of the tick, the pathogen of the disease enters the pet's blood. Babesia are cellular parasites that penetrate inside the cells and feed on their contents. They actively proliferate in the blood of the dog and affect the red blood cells, which begin to die.
After you have taken the tick from your dog, you need to carefully monitor the animal's health for two to four days. Sometimes a dog’s symptoms can appear only two weeks after the tick bite.
Signs of the disease in a dog after a tick bite:
- Loss of appetite,
- High temperature (up to 41 degrees)
- Urine dark or even black.
Signs of babesiosis in a dog after being bitten by a tick can vary in severity. The acute form of the disease occurs in dogs that have not been ill before. The animal quickly weakens, comes strong intoxication. On the mucous membranes of the mouth and eyes appears jaundice. Pulse becomes weak, gait becomes difficult, paralysis of limbs is possible.
In addition to acute, there is a chronic form of babesiosis. It occurs in animals with good immunity or had babesiosis. The dog gets tired pretty quickly, appetite significantly deteriorates. Body temperature rises only in the first days of the disease, then normalizes. Pet activity gives way to apathy. In dogs, an exhaustion and anemia are observed.
If you notice these symptoms in your dog after being bitten by a tick, contact your veterinarian immediately. Proceed to treating a dog after a tick bite as soon as possible, since in neglected cases babesiosis (piroplasmosis) is incurable and leads to the death of the pet.
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Where the dog can catch the tick
The danger of infection with ticks occurs in the warm season. Ticks are activated in early spring and hibernate only in late autumn, when the first frosts occur. The most dangerous time is the end of May and the beginning of June. These carnivorous arthropods have special heat sensors with which hungry parasites find the victim.
Mites sit on high grass or in the bushes, waiting for prey. As soon as the dog passes by, the small parasite makes a jump, grabs its tenacious tentacles by the animal's hair and begins to look for a place free from the hair. When such a place is found, it may be the groin area, the parotid area, the legs, the stomach or the neck, the tick pierces the skin and begins to suck blood.
Infection with other types of ticks occurs mainly through the objects of care contaminated by the parasite's eggs: bedding, bedding, dog toys. The second method of infection is contact.
Parasites are waiting for their prey on the street: in the forest, on the dog walking ground, in the country, in squares and parks. Despite the painful symptom, the ixodic tick bites themselves do not carry any particular danger. Much more dangerous than the disease, which can infect the dog mite.
The adhered ixodic mites are detected by visual inspection of the animal's body - these are small brown bubbles with paws. If the dog's coat is very thick, you can not immediately notice the parasites. The situation is complicated by the fact that the tick can be pumped with blood and fall off unnoticed.
Symptoms of a tick bite in a dog:
- weakness, the animal is sluggish, lies constantly,
- filament pulse,
- loss of appetite,
- the whites of the eyes become jaundiced,
- urine darkens: brown, brown,
- vomiting with blood mucus,
- hyperthermia (40 ° - 42 ° C),
- shortness of breath, shortness of breath,
Dangerous diseases caused by tick bites
- Piroplasmosis (canine encephalitis). An encephalitic tick poses the greatest danger to young pedigreed animals. Without timely, properly selected treatment, the mortality from this disease can reach 100%.
- Lyme disease (borreliosis). A widespread disease with a long incubation period of up to 2 months. Detected by laboratory blood tests. It is treated with timely detection.
- Ehrlichiosis. The incubation period is 7-20 days. The disease is common in tropical areas and subtropics. In progressive cases, death is possible.
Sometimes, after removing the tick, a reddened bump remains on the dog's body. This is not a symptom of a dangerous disease, it is the result of an allergic reaction to chemicals of the bloodsucker's saliva. All that is needed is to lubricate the seal with green paint and prevent the dog from combing this place.
Amateur breeders should know what to do if a dog has been bitten by a tick. First, you need to properly remove the parasite that has sucked in at home or in a veterinary clinic. Secondly, to hand over the remote insect for analysis. Third, show the dog to the veterinarian for diagnosis and prescription of treatment.
The peculiarity of this type of parasite is that they live in the internal organs, hair follicles and sebaceous glands of any dog. If an animal has excellent health and strong immunity, its body independently controls the number of uninvited guests. But, as soon as the animal's body weakens, and the immune system fails, the tick begins to multiply uncontrollably - this leads to the development of a disease such as demodicosis. In the people, this pathology is often called red scab or iron gland.
The first signs of the disease:
- bald patches appear on the body of the animal,
- the skin on the bald spot becomes coarse, flaky, covered with scales and thickens,
- pink or red rashes appear on areas without hair, sometimes with purulent contents,
- the dog is severely itchy, itches constantly, hurts itself,
- hair changes its structure, becomes dull, brittle, shaggy,
- long-haired breeds may shorten the guard hair,
- may cause dandruff.
The main forms of demodicosis:
- Focal (localized). Prone to dogs up to a year. It is characterized by the appearance of several bald patches with coarse, flaky skin. Overwhelmingly passes independently. Only 10% of cases go into a generalized form.
- Generalized. Blemish spots gradually spread throughout the dog’s body. Inflammation develops, an unpleasant smell appears on the skin. Older individuals have a less favorable prognosis for full recovery.
- Juvenile. Hereditary disease. Subject to puppies up to a year. Favorable prognosis for a cure.
- Pododemodekoz. The disease with a lesion on the paws. Weak place Cocker Spaniels. On all the limbs appear bald patches, boils, purulent inflammation, erythema.
- Ododemodekoz. Inflammation of the outer ear. The bald patches appear around the auricle. Black crusts are formed in the ears. The dog is very itchy.
Regardless of the form, iron is considered to be a non-contagious disease. The main reason for the appearance of bald patches, itching and painful areas of the skin is weak immunity. To reduce the risk of this pathology, the owner of the dog should take care of improving the health of his pet.
Two types of ticks belong to this group of parasites: scabies (internal) and ear mites (cutaneous). These are microscopic arthropods that resemble crabs. Once on the dog's skin, the parasites begin to multiply very quickly. Tick colonies in advanced cases can be up to several thousand individuals.
Signs of scabies infestation:
- the dog is very itchy, because of this, it constantly scratches, shakes its head, scratches itself,
- scabs appear in places of scratching,
- on the ears, eyebrows, back of the nose, at the root of the tail, on the stomach, in the chest area and on the head pockets of redness and bubbles with a turbid liquid appear,
- skin in places of irritation coarsens,
- the dog's hair changes its structure: tarnishes, coarsens, shaggy effect appears,
- in places of pathological foci intensively falls wool,
- develop dermatitis,
- skin coarsens, cracks, the effect of "elephantiasis" appears,
- there is a large dandruff - particles of dead epidermis,
- the animal is worried, does not sleep well,
- the dog loses its appetite, exhaustion ensues.
The main question that worries dog owners - whether a dog can die from infection with itch mites. The answer is disappointing - maybe, if you do not start treatment in time. The death of an animal comes from the general depletion of the body.
Diseases caused by scabies mites:
- Sarcoptosis Called the itch genus Sarcoptes. Places of injury: head, abdominal region, root of the tail, sternum area.
- Notodrosis Invasive disease. The causative agent is Notoedres mite. Place of localization - the dog's head: forehead, eyebrows, nose. In advanced cases can go to the limbs.
- Otodecosis. Ear scabies is a contagious disease. The causative agent is a small white mite Otodectes cynotis. Parasites are localized in the ear. The skin of the shells is reddened, ulcerated, covered with dark crusts. Differs in the strongest itch. Without treatment, it can spread to the head and the whole body. The danger of the disease is that inflammation can go to the inner and middle ear, the meninges. This provokes the occurrence of nervous seizures, can cause the death of the dog.
The clinical picture of scabies resembles other diseases: dermatitis, demodicosis, eczema of the auricle. Therefore, the final diagnosis can only be made within the veterinary clinic based on the results of laboratory tests.
How to pull a dog tick
A timely extracted tick is a chance that the animal did not catch anything. All parasites found on the body of the dog must be removed. It is necessary to do this by adhering to the following rules:
- If a tick has stuck to your pet, forget the common advice - do not use vegetable oil or gasoline to pretreat an insect. It will kill the bloodsucker, but at the time of his death, he will release the contents of his stomach into the dog's blood - there will be infection with dangerous infections.
- All you need to extract is tweezers and alcohol-based liquid. Alcohol or its analogue moisten the body of the parasite and the place where it stuck to the skin.
- When the alcohol acts, and the dog's mite will slightly relax its proboscis, proceed to its extraction.
- Parasite capture tweezers and slowly and carefully twist it counterclockwise. Tweezers should be held parallel to the skin or at a slight angle so as not to damage the body of the bloodsucker.
- If the tick's head is left inside the dog's skin, an animal must be shown to the vet immediately.
After removing the insect, it is taken for analysis, and the pet is carefully monitored in time to notice changes in the dog's behavior after being bitten and possible deterioration of its condition.
Important! Remember that many dangerous diseases transmitted through the parasite's saliva have a long incubation period.
Diagnostic measures begin with anamnesis and differ depending on the type of ectoparasite. Ixodic ticks helps to reveal the visual inspection of the animal's body after each exit to the street. The found parasite is carefully removed and sent for analysis to a veterinary clinic. The dog takes blood for diagnosis.
If the bloodsucker is not detected, monitoring the condition and behavior of the dog helps in the diagnosis. When the first symptoms of the alleged disease appear, an urgent visit to the veterinarian is required for laboratory testing.
Clinical manifestations of infection with subcutaneous and scabies mites are very similar, so the diagnosis is made only after laboratory studies of superficial and deep skin scrapings. The scrapings are made in the conditions of a medical institution with sterile sharp cutting objects in the places of localization of pathology. After that, microscopic studies are conducted to identify parasites, their larvae and eggs. Depending on the type of ticks detected, further treatment is prescribed.
Drugs from ticks for dogs
Since dogs are susceptible to infection by three types of ticks, in veterinary medicine, drugs of directional action are used, which are active against any one type of parasite. Кроме этого, зооиндустрия выпускает средства для предотвращения заражения.
Лечебные препараты выпускаются в нескольких формах:
- водные эмульсии,
- масляные растворы,
- аэрозоли и аэрозольные пены.
- ошейник от клещей,
- капли на холку,
- спрей от клещей.
Эффективные лечебные препараты от клещей
В современной ветеринарии для избавления от клещевой инвазии используются:
- Серно-дегтярная мазь (АВЗ). Effective domestic cure for scabies.
- Dectomax (United States). Injection for the treatment of demodicosis (subcutaneous tick).
- Deltsid (AVZ). Therapeutic and prophylactic emulsion from tick infestation.
- Bravekto (MSD Animal Health). Tablets for ticks.
- Vio (Beaphar). Drops on the withers for fleas and ticks.
- Lawyer (Bayer). Drops from scabies mites.
- Tropiclean "Maximum protection." Shampoo against ticks.
- Stronghold. The best drops from ear and itch mites.
- Yam BK (AVZ). Ointment against scabies and dermatitis.
- Ivermek. An injection drug against sarcoptoid ticks.
- Frontline (Merial) .Tablets for the destruction of ticks.
As protective and prophylactic agents are used:
- Bars (AVZ). Spray with insectoacaricidal effect.
- Foresto (Bayer). Collar from ticks and fleas.
- Mr.Bruno. Spray from ticks.
- Rolf Club. Spray from parasites.
- Inspector. Therapeutic and prophylactic drops.
- Anti mite Ultrasonic repeller.
How to apply remedies
How to remove ixodic ticks correctly is described by us a little higher in this article. Let's talk about how to properly organize the treatment of dogs in cases of infection with subcutaneous and scabby mites.
The first thing a dog owner should do after an accurate diagnosis is made is to isolate the animal from other pets. After that, the sick animal should be thoroughly washed with tar soap. This is necessary in order to clean the dog's skin from scabs, dandruff, grease and dirt.
At the end of bathing, to increase the effect and reduce the itch, the animal is rinsed with decoction of medicinal herbs: chamomile, train or celandine. After water procedures, the dog is thoroughly wiped with a dry cloth and kept in a heated room until the wool is completely dry.
Wool on areas affected by ticks is shaved. Wounds and scratches on the skin are treated with antimicrobial ointments. To do this, you can use drugs from the master's first-aid kit: Vishnevsky ointment or Konkov suspension.
After that, the tick-infected areas of the skin are treated with drugs that are prescribed by a veterinarian. The doctor selects an individual treatment regimen for each dog, taking into account its age, breed, state of health and existing chronic diseases. It is unacceptable to engage in the treatment of dogs without accurate diagnosis, self-selecting drugs. Rehabilitation of an animal after a tick bite also must be supervised by a veterinarian.
Folk remedies for ticks
Folk remedies do not have proven effectiveness, they are used in the mild form of the disease and in the initial stage to alleviate the condition of the pet.
- Garlic. Garlic cloves are minced and filled with almond oil (1: 2). After that, put in a dark place for 3-4 days. The resulting tincture smear sick areas.
- Sulfuric ointment. Helps from scabies.
- Black sulfur Used in the composition of kefir tincture (1: 3).
- Lavender oil. Apply to the skin. When the oil is absorbed, the affected areas are rubbed with chalk powder.
- Vanillin. Vanillin insist on water or vodka, this solution is used to treat the dog's hair before going outside.
None of these means can be abused - they act very aggressively on the dog's skin: they cause burning, overdry it, provoke allergic reactions and other negative consequences.
As a preventive measure against ticks, Ixodic ticks are used in traditional medicine:
- Essential oils. Pet's coat is rubbed with oils: lavender or tea tree.
- Tar soap. Use it while swimming - it is an excellent therapeutic and prophylactic agent.
- Sagebrush. Spray the dog with a water tincture of wormwood.
You can make a home remedy for ticks from an aqueous solution of tar soap, myrrh oil, tea and rosewood, juniper and grapefruit. The mixture is filled with a spray bottle and spray your pet before a walk in the country or in the park.
To protect your pet from tick infestation, you must follow these rules:
- Keep out of contact with healthy animals.
- Avoid walking your dog in places where there are stray animals.
- Try to protect your pet from communicating with other dogs at the reception at the vet.
- Use special collars, repellents and other means of protection against ticks.
- As prescribed by the veterinarian, conduct preventive treatment from parasites.
- Disinfect and boil items for sick animals.
- Never use other people's collars, combs and muzzles.
- Strengthen your dog's immunity with a balanced diet and fortification.
Prevention of Ixodes ticks consists of treating the animal with anti-tick compositions before a walk, wearing special collars and ultrasonic repellers, as well as a thorough examination of the animal returning from the street. Visual inspection - the most important component of prevention. It does not matter at all how much a tick can sit on a dog, it is important that infection with dangerous diseases occurs on 30-60 minutes of suction of this little bloodsucker. The earlier you remove the tick, the greater the chance to survive with your pet.
- Ointment sulfur-tar (AVZ), 15 gr., From 55 to 60 rubles.,
- Dectomax, 50 ml, from 7500 to 7750 rub.,
- Deltsyd, 5 ampoules on 2 ml, from 146 to 170 rub.,
- Bravekto, 250 mg, from 1410 to 1480 rub.,
- Vio (Beaphar), 3 pipettes of 1 ml, from 730 to 750 rubles,
- Counsel (Bayer), 3 pipettes 2.5 ml each, from 1390 to 1450 rub.,
- Tropiclean "Maximum Protection", 592 ml, from 1000 to 1050 rubles.,
- Stronghold, from 1200 to 1280 rubles,
- Foresto (Bayer), collar, from 1700 to 1800 rub.,
- Antikleshch, ultrasonic key chain, from 1400 to 1600 rubles.,
- Mr.Bruno, 200 ml, from 350 to 400 rubles.
- Dectomax, 50 ml, from 590 to 800 UAH,
- Deltsyd, 5 ampoules on 2 ml, from 65 to 70 UAH,
- Bravekto, 250 mg, from 590 to 750 UAH,
- Lawyer (Bayer), 3 pipettes of 2.5 ml, from 340 to 360 UAH,
- Stronghold, 3 pipettes of 0.25 ml, from 520 to 540 UAH.,
- Foresto (Bayer), collar, from 600 to 800 UAH,
- Leopard (AVZ), 4 pipettes, from 100 to 110 UAH.,
- Rolf Club, 1 pipette 0.5 ml, from 80 to 85 UAH,
- Inspector. 1 ampoule, from 280 to 290 UAH.
Are ticks dangerous to dogs for humans?
We have found out that ticks are dangerous for dogs a little higher, now we will tell you about the danger posed by dog ticks to humans and how to protect ourselves from this danger. Firstly, it is necessary to clarify - the dog scabby mites are not able to live on human skin, therefore it is impossible to get scabies from a dog. Secondly, demodicosis is a non-contagious disease, it is also not transmitted from dog to man.
The real danger are only ixodic mites. Their dog can bring to the house on his wool, they can stick to the person. If it is an encephalitic tick, a person can become infected with a dangerous disease when he removes the tick from a dog with his bare hands. In addition to encephalitis, a person can become infected by a dog tick with such diseases: borreliosis, tularemia, Marseilles fever.
To protect yourself, you need to carefully examine not only the dog, but also yourself after a walk in the fresh air, remove the parasites that stuck to the body of the dog in rubber gloves, use ultrasonic repellents and repellents.
When to sound the alarm
The tick itself is not dangerous; it cannot drink all the blood. But he is a carrier of blood parasites, which settle in red blood cells and destroy them. They breed very quickly, and if you do not take action, it will in 98% of cases lead to the death of the animal. Many owners get scared if a dog has been bitten by a tick. What to do in this situation? First of all do not panic. It happens that a dog brings ticks on its withers all spring, but it never gets sick. Usually, from 3 to 14% of the entire bloodsucking generation is infected. Therefore, you should remove the tick and watch your pet. Any change in behavior or condition is a reason to go to a veterinary clinic.
What danger does a tick bite conceal?
Microscopic parasites, which carries this insect, settle in the blood, destroy its cells, completely disrupting the metabolic processes and causing severe intoxication. Normally, symptoms appear 6-10 days after the bite. But they depend on the form of the disease. With its over-acute, the symptoms appear literally on the second day, and this ends with the death of the animal.
The acute form occurs quite often, we observe its manifestation within a week after the dog has been bitten by a tick. "What to do at home?" - This is the question most frequently asked by animal owners. Unfortunately, without special tests and medicines you can not do anything. Contact your veterinarian as soon as possible. There is a chronic form, which is extremely difficult to diagnose. A brief rise in temperature and lethargy are replaced by an improvement in condition, after which the animal again refuses food. Such fluctuations can last long enough, but gradually the weakness increases, the animal quickly gets tired, he rarely has a good appetite.
How to remove the tick
When the dog was bitten by a tick, what to do, we already know. It is necessary to remove the parasite. Here it should be noted that normally ticks suck only 5-6 hours after traveling through the body. Combing out a pet after the walk, you can catch the uninvited guest before he can snag.
If you missed this moment and found a bloated tick ball already swollen, you need to remove it. Be sure to wear gloves, if the tick is a carrier, such as encephalitis, then in contact with the skin and mucous membranes there is a high probability of infection. To tick a little pulled head, drip on it with oil, cologne or nail polish. About one drop once a minute. After a few minutes, catch the insect with a rope loop as close as possible to the proboscis and try to rotate in one direction. Usually after two turns it comes out.
There is another good way: heat the tip of the needle above the flame and bring it to the place where the proboscis is immersed in the skin. Usually the insect immediately pulls out the head. You can not pull the tick, a high probability of rupture. The bite should be treated with iodine or brilliant green and watch the tumor fall. If it does not decrease, but on the contrary, there are reddening and boils, then an urgent need to consult a doctor.
Difficulties in the diagnosis of the disease
If in the case when a dog has recently been bitten by a tick, what is to be done is more or less understandable, then when an alarming symptom occurs “from scratch,” the situation looks confusing. The fact is that the disease does not necessarily manifest itself in the near future, it can "wait" for the moment when the immunity of the animal weakens. If the dog refuses to eat in the middle of winter, rarely does the owner remember that in the summer he was shooting a tick. But such things need to be remembered and in time to seek veterinary care.
Another point: an infected tick behaves somewhat differently than a healthy one. Especially if it is a male, it can bite and fall off without sticking to it. To notice this on a walk, especially on a dark large dog, is almost impossible. It remains only to monitor the health of your pet and not to delay with the advice of a specialist.
Symptoms that we need to know
If the dog has been bitten by a tick, the symptoms will begin to appear within the first week. When the disease is fulminant, they will develop so rapidly that you do not have time to take action. But this is not a very common form of piroplasmosis. Usually there is a sharp rise in temperature to 41-42 degrees. Please note that this symptom does not appear constantly. This is only a reaction to the introduction of parasites, and after one or two days the temperature will return to normal, and later begin to decline. Therefore, after removing the tick, be sure to check the temperature in the anus of the dog every day. Normally, it is 38.5 degrees.
The difficulty of diagnosis is that if a dog is bitten by a tick, the symptoms may be different. But almost everyone has a refusal to eat, apathy, drowsiness. It is also characterized by trembling, shortness of breath and blanching of the mucous membranes. Often, animals begin to roll over on their backs and whine, they are tormented by pain in the abdomen. A bitch may have vaginal bleeding.
If the dog is bitten by a tick, the symptoms will go on increasing, so do not waste time, tomorrow it will only get worse. Unstable gait, hind limb failure may occur. This is not typical, but vomiting and diarrhea are sometimes encountered. A foul odor from the mouth is observed a little later, and the urine darkens, blood may appear in it.
There are situations when you are far away from the city, in the village, and your pet began to develop adverse symptoms. When the animal refused to drink and eat, try to prevent dehydration. Try to pour 100-150 ml of liquid into your mouth every hour. If the animal is tormented by vomiting, it is better to do an enema or subcutaneous injection in the same amount. The body will take the necessary fluid. If the animal is large and you cannot take it to the clinic for testing, make it yourself. Rub the dog's ear with alcohol, cut the blood vessel close to the edge with a sharp scalpel and collect the blood on the glass plate. A little dry, and you can go to the laboratory or veterinary clinic, and let your pet wait.
Three times a day, you need to subcutaneously inject 20 ml of glucose, as well as vitamins B6 and B12, in a vial once a day. But without anti-parasitic drugs your pet will not recover, and without tests it is very dangerous to inject them. Only if there is no way to get to the veterinary clinic, where a blood test can be done, and the most appropriate clinical picture is observed (a sharp rise and a subsequent decrease in temperature, dark urine, pale mucous membranes), you can make an injection of Azidin or Veriben. You can enter 1 ml of 7% solution per 20 kg of body weight.
Treat your pet
As already mentioned, if a dog has been bitten by a tick, the consequences can be dire. Therefore, in the spring and summer, you need to pay maximum attention to your four-legged friend. Even the smallest deviation in behavior can be a reason for consulting a veterinarian. Piroplasmosis tests are done quickly and are inexpensive, so even if you are reinsured, nothing bad will happen.
Even if you are sure that a dog was bitten by a tick, a professional should decide on how to treat it on the basis of ready-made tests. Often, in a veterinary clinic, symptoms are oriented and antiparasitic drugs are prescribed, without waiting for the tests to return from the laboratory. It should be insisted that the doctor wait for the confirmation of the diagnosis, especially since today it takes just a few minutes.
Remember that all modern anti-parasitic drugs are very toxic and cause a blow not only to the pyroplasm, but also to the animal's body. If we confine one injection, then the health effects can be fatal. The kidneys and the liver, the gastrointestinal tract are affected, the immunity is destroyed. That is why it takes a long rehabilitation, and it can not be neglected.
So, the dog was bitten by a tick. Piroplasmosis revealed and successfully won. It would seem, what more could you want. And the dog is still sluggish, asleep and does not want to eat. This condition is normal on the first day, but if it is not better the next day, you need to tell your doctor about it.
In any case, within ten days, you will need to carry it to the veterinarian, to prick vitamins, saline solutions, heart-improving drugs, restoring the functions of the liver, gall bladder, and gastrointestinal tract. It is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the animal, at the slightest deterioration it is necessary to undergo a repeated analysis for piroplasmosis.
Re-infection is possible. Immunity is not formed. Moreover, each subsequent infection will be transferred harder than the previous one. The animal can not survive the third bite.
Is encephalitis dangerous for dogs?
So far we have talked about the disease piroplasmosis. Encephalitis is primarily dangerous for humans, but against the background of a weakened immunity, the animal can also be affected. If the dog has been bitten by an encephalitis tick, the symptoms may develop quite severe. The incubation period is 2-3 weeks. Usually the temperature rises, seizures develop, motor functions are disturbed, paralysis is possible. Often manifested hypersensitivity of the head and neck, severe pain. Behavior may vary from apathetic to aggressive. Later, paralysis of the facial and eye muscles occurs. If the dog is bitten by an encephalitic tick, there is no specific treatment, and the prognosis is usually unfavorable, the probability of death is high.
Any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. Today there are many tools on the market that are designed to prevent tick bites. This is a collar, drops on the withers, spray, powder. Since they do not provide 100% protection against ticks, owners often use several types together. For example, they put on a collar, supplement its action with drops on withers, which act for several months, and additionally process it with each spray before each exit on nature. This significantly reduces the risk of disease and is much cheaper than treatment and rehabilitation therapy. Но если собаку укусил клещ, признаки не заставят себя ждать. Не успокаивайте себя мыслями, что вы полностью защитили своего питомца. Чем быстрее будет поставлен правильный диагноз, тем легче пройдет лечение.
Летние вылазки на природу в компании с ушастым другом - это очень веселые и приятные мероприятия. So that they are not overshadowed by serious diseases, from early spring, use all available ways to prevent tick bites. But do not lose vigilance. Usually, even in the very early stages of the disease, the host sees that the animal has changed slightly. Immediately begin to check the temperature, so as not to miss the characteristic jump, and immediately take the dog to the doctor.
The content of the article
- What to do if a dog has a tick
- How do mites on dogs look like
- What does a dog tick look like?
If the dog has been bitten by ticks, it is important to provide it with competent assistance in a timely manner. Parasites are the worst enemies of animals, because they are almost invisible to them. For a pet, the only salvation is its owner, who must have at least a basic knowledge of the matter.
If, however, a tick was found in a dog, what should be done?
It is very difficult to find a tick in an animal, because it is very tiny, hiding in the thick hair on the neck, neck, head and paws. Its danger lies in the fact that its prolonged stay on the body leads to infection of the dog, its torment, illness and even death. It is important to inspect the animal, comb its wool and monitor its hygiene.
If a dog has been bitten by a tick, the symptoms of its presence are detected already after 5-6 days, depending on the general state of health of the animal:
- pet's body temperature becomes critically high and can reach 40-42 degrees,
- at the site of the bite the lump is inflated, in which the tick is located,
- the animal becomes inactive, there is a lack of appetite.
As soon as the first signs of the disease appear, it is necessary to take him to the doctor, only qualified help will save the animal. The treatment takes place in two directions: complete destruction of parasites and cleansing the body after intoxication.
The first direction is characterized by the use of medical drugs, including organic dyes (veriben, berenyl and azidine). The preparations are toxic, they easily kill ticks, but they can also harm the animal. Therefore, the next step is the removal of intoxication. For this, the dog is injected with a large amount of vitamins, salt cleaning solutions, and so on. It may take a month or more to fully recover.
Prophylactic agents against tick attacks
With parasites need not only to fight, from them you need to skillfully defend. Tactics are not as difficult as it may seem:
In veterinary medicine, a lot of tick repellents have been developed. It can be both collars and solutions. One droplet on the dog's coat is enough to keep the animal safe for 2 to 3 days. Then you need to repeat the procedure again.
Regular examinations after a walk, as well as monitoring the behavior of the animal save him in 80% of cases. As soon as the first symptoms were discovered, urgent measures should be taken to destroy the parasite.
It is not allowed to infect a dog with piroplasmosis, according to statistics, 98% of the affected animals overtake mortality. Pet care is not only daily games and walks with him, but also attention to his health and mood.
What is the danger
On dogs parasitic arthropods from the family of Ixodes ticks. The size of an adult individual is 2–4 mm. Having drunk with blood, they increase several times. The body of ectoparasite is brown in color, 4 pairs of legs with claws and suckers allow you to cling tightly to the owner. The back of males is completely covered with chitinous armor, and in females it occupies a third of the body surface. Mammalian blood is necessary for ticks to move from one stage of development to another.
Ixodic species has a wide area of distribution, it can be found not only in the forest, but also in a city park or a garden plot. Arthropods undergo 4 stages of life development: an egg, a larva, a nymph, an adult. For pets, the last two species are dangerous.
Favorite eating places on the body of animals:
The photo shows that ticks in dogs are in large quantities.
Many pet ticks
Attention. In addition to ixodic bloodsucking animals, other types of parasites - ear and subcutaneous mites attack. You can see them only under a microscope, but the symptoms of lesions in the form of redness, scratching and rash are visible to the naked eye. If the dog often scratches his ears or the skin has changed in some areas, it is necessary to contact a veterinary clinic.
What threatens tick bite?
A small amount of blood sucked by a parasite does not affect the health of the four-legged pet. The danger lies in diseases that spread arthropods. What are the effects of a tick bite on a dog?
Examination by the vet
Attention. The parasite found is not always the source of the disease. Infection occurs in 4-14% of cases.
Ixodes arthropod species are distributors of a number of parasitic diseases:
Infectious disease caused by spirochaetes, has a natural focal nature. Infection in a dog causes a tick bite. Borreliosis is carried by adult mites and nymphs. Natural foci of the disease occur in the temperate climate zone. Most often the disease is asymptomatic, clinical manifestations occur in 20% of infected animals. The organisms that caused the disease secretly multiply, causing a chronic course of borreliosis. It is expressed in lameness, arthritis, changes in the joints, organs and tissues. Identify the pathology will help laboratory diagnosis.
The causative agent of the disease enters the bloodstream when attacked by Rhipicephalus sanguineus. At risk are dogs in the countryside, hunting breeds and stray individuals. Bartonellosis affects blood cells, its manifestations depend on the immunity of the animal. The causative agent of the disease causes inflammation, which results in endocarditis and myocarditis, arrhythmia, pulmonary edema. Special therapeutic regimens with the use of antibiotics are being developed for treatment.
Pyroplasmosis is a disease caused by the simplest parasites of Babesia. Its carriers are ticks. Unicellular organisms feed on hemoglobin contained in red blood cells. Under their influence, blood cells are destroyed, and the products of vital activity of the piroplasma poison the body. Without treatment, the animal dies 4-5 days after the onset of symptoms of the disease.
Attention. The disease is manifested in dogs of any breed and age, but in animals older than 4 years, it occurs in a milder form.
The incubation period is 2-14 days. If a dog has been bitten by a tick, it is necessary to monitor whether the symptoms of the disease will appear:
- high temperature (40-41 0),
- refusal to eat
- strong thirst
- discoloration of urine to dark brown,
- icteric tinge of eyes and mucous membranes.
In the case when the owner does not pay enough attention to the first symptoms, the parasite has time to multiply to a huge amount and the disease is more complicated. In animals, previously recovered by piroplasmosis, with repeated infection, the disease becomes chronic. In the first days, the temperature rises to 41-42 0, then drops to normal values, the animal gets tired quickly, loses its appetite. Anemia is progressing. Recovery is slow for 4-12 weeks.
Pyroplasmosis is diagnosed during a blood test. Assigned to a comprehensive treatment that reduces the intoxication of the body. To combat babesia, a special drug is administered - Veriben. Assisted maintenance therapy with glucose and vitamins.
The incubation period of the disease is 1-3 weeks, it often accompanies piroplasmosis. Microscopic organisms of ehrlich cause hyperplasia (enlargement) of the liver, spleen, lymph nodes. Symptoms of the acute stage:
- lack of appetite,
- vomiting and diarrhea,
- nasal discharge
The latent stage lasts up to 3 months, provoking a decrease in platelets in the blood. It is characterized by weight loss, subcutaneous hemorrhage. Disease is difficult to diagnose.
Parasitic disease in which a unicellular organism settles in the blood cells. In Russia, the disease is not common, so its definition is difficult. The disease has a long incubation period and a low concentration of parasites. The specific symptom of hepatozoa is not found, it manifests itself in the form of anemia, inflammatory processes in the liver, and an increase in lymph nodes.
Attention. Dogs do not become infected with tick-borne encephalitis, but the parasite that has bitten them can attack humans.
When attacking a tick, a four-legged pet may experience a neurotoxic reaction. It occurs under the action of toxic substances that cause allergies. "Tick-borne paralysis" immobilizes the hind limbs and goes away after 2 days without treatment. It can manifest dysfunction of the voice or swallowing reflex. A red spot, swelling or rash appears on the body of the dog at the site of the bite. To reduce the effects of toxins, an antihistamine is prescribed to the animal.
Remove ticks correctly
If a pet parasite is found during a pet exam, it is best to contact a veterinary clinic where the doctor will remove it with a special tool. In the absence of professional assistance, you will have to clean the tick yourself. To conveniently grab the individual, you will need tweezers or a strong thread. How to pull a dog tick?
Attention. Wear surgical gloves before removing the sucked tick. This will reduce the risk of contracting diseases that the parasite suffers.
Removing the sucked individual should be carefully, trying not to tear the body from the head. Tearing or crushing the parasite increases the likelihood of infection by one of the diseases. It is necessary to act without delay, the longer the ixodid tick feeds on the animal, the higher the probability of transmitting one of the ailments. Together with saliva pathogens enter the wound.
The oral apparatus of the tick is designed in such a way that when immersed in a wound, it clings to its edges like a hook. Simple pulling back individuals is impossible. This is a specific protective mechanism of the parasite, which requires blood for vital activity. To completely remove the bloodsucking individual, you must swing it or turn it counterclockwise.
What if a tick is found in a dog? The best option is to use Tick Twister, a special parasite twisting tool. This is a plastic device that has a slot at the bottom for grabbing a tick. It is sold in two sizes - for ordinary individuals and increased after feeding. We need to act as follows:
- Spread the dog's coat.
- To hook the parasite with a special tool, tweezers or rope loop.
- Carefully turn it counterclockwise with one hand without pressure. Second hand to hold the skin of the animal.
Removing a tick from a parasite twister Tick Twister
After removing the tick, it is better to place it in a glass dish and give it to the laboratory for analysis. The bite site must be treated with antiseptic - iodine, alcohol solution, hydrogen peroxide
Using the tick vaccine does not prevent the parasite bite, it helps to develop immunity to piroplasmosis. Vaccination smoothes the severity of the disease and minimizes death. The effect of the drug is short-term, immunity lasts 10-14 days. Vaccination will not protect against other diseases that are carried by ectoparasites.
To deal with ticks is quite difficult, they quickly adapt to the means used. No drug provides a 100% guarantee against arthropod animals. To protect your pet, you must perform complex processing. It is recommended to apply the drops on the withers and put on a special collar.
Putting drops on withers
The parasite collar is a plastic bezel impregnated with a special agent. It is suitable for four-legged pets of any breed. Collars are treated with various compounds: chemical - kill parasites, biological - serve as repellents that scare ticks. The time of protective action is up to 6 months. The optimal concentration of the product on the skin is achieved after a few days of wearing.
Bolfo Spray refers to the insectoacaricidal drugs. Proxur in the composition of the aerosol has a paralyzing effect on ectoparasites. Spray sprayed on animals, directing against the coat. To prevent the chemical from licking, a neck collar is put on the dog until it is completely dry. Processing is carried out 1 time per week.
Bolfo has a paralyzing effect on ticks.
Frontline Combo - droplets in pipettes applied to the withers of an animal. The active ingredient - fipronil has an intestinal and contact effects on parasites. The drug is bought strictly by the weight of the dog. Three days before and after the procedure and it can not be bathed. The drug will take effect after 5 days. With frequent bathing pet protection time is reduced.
Frontline combo drops will protect not only from ticks, but also from fleas
Attention. It is necessary to use a protective agent strictly according to the instructions. For puppies and lactating bitches, only herbal-based preparations are allowed.