Grow chicks is not easy. Vitamins for broiler chickens in the diet play a crucial role. In microdoses, they stimulate biochemical processes in the body. Lack of catalysts leads to growth retardation, non-infectious diseases. But it is important to observe the balance, the extra vitamins cause worse consequences than their lack.
Rules and techniques for broiler brood chickens fortification
The peculiarity of meat cross - fast growth. Commodity weight is gained in 2 months. But broilers are not a breed, but a hybrid, obtained artificially. Therefore, it should develop in certain conditions. Care and food for these chickens is special.
Thus, it is believed that rapid weight gain is stimulated by a large amount of vitamins and balanced feed. In this case, the diet changes depending on the age of the piskun. When observing lighting, air exchange and temperature, food should contain the following ingredients:
- From the third day of life, fresh grass or seedlings of cereals are added to food,
- on the fifth day green onions are added to broilers, gradually increasing the amount,
- starting from 5-7 days in the diet should be grated carrots,
- skim serum and yogurt can give water to babies from day one.
Onions and lactic acid bacteria allow you to arrange your own microflora in the intestines of the chicken. Soldering on the first day of glucose at a concentration of 10% of the total amount of water allows you to more quickly decompose the rest of the egg yolk in the body, affecting the further development of the individual.
From the fifth day, you can give the chickens pharmaceutical vitamin complexes, according to the instructions for use. It is important that any complexes are added to the hydrated feed or to the water for drinking. Vitamins can be collected in multivitamin formulations. Often used premixes, which represent a complex of essential additives in a balanced form:
Balanced composition, which includes vitamins for broiler chickens is added to the mash in a small amount. In the manufacture of animal feed, they are enriched, including ready-mix.
Biological additives that make up the premix are destroyed by heat. Therefore, pour vitamin supplement only in a warm mash.
An example of the proper use of premix in a balanced diet is a special feed BMVD. This type of feed for broiler chickens is designed for a certain age:
For broilers only BMDV with the content of complex additives in the amount of 5%. Special feed is not cheap. But with a balanced diet, the benefits of using it are obvious. For 1 kg of bird weight, 2 kg of feed is used, provided there is no growth delay. That is why the use of vitamins for broiler chickens is mandatory.
Natural vitamins for broiler chickens
In the farm there is an opportunity to partially replace the pharmaceutical vitamin formulations with natural ones. The most famous and affordable grass in any season is the onion feather. It can be expelled in the winter, grow in the garden. All birds love onions. It destroys parasites in the intestines and delivers the trace element sulfur. Green onions are added to broilers in the composition of mashes at the rate of 5-6 g per individual, but start with 1 gram. Chickens eat finely chopped onions willingly, starting from the fifth day of life. In the absence of greenery, you can add grated onions, but let it stand for a little, so that the pungent smell will evaporate. In winter, it is easy to obtain seedlings from cereals, sowing them in the usual moss.
Vitamins for broiler chickens in the home grow in beds. It is important to wash the vegetables and weed, and exclude the entry of celandine. This is poison! You can not give uncut grass, it is entangled in the ventricle.
Sorrel - spring storage of vitamins. In early spring, grass containing vitamins B, PP, C, E, F, K will be served to the bird's table. In addition, biologically active substances, fiber and protein are present in the sorrel.
Cabbage contains sulfur and vitamin K. It is rubbed and added to the mash. Add a little, 1 teaspoon per bird. Dandelion and nettle leaves are cut into mash, steamed and chopped hay, and grated vegetables.
But yeast improves the intestinal flora. Starting from the 8th day, give them a little, 1 teaspoon per 10 birds. Yeast promotes rapid growth. So are the soaked bread crumbs and bread.
Fresh lean fat yogurt, whey, cottage cheese - foods that carry calcium and vitamin D, they have a beneficial effect on the growing body. On a warm summer day, chickens can be released on a grassy lawn, they will pick up vitamins themselves.
Use of concentrated industrial vitamins
All poultry farmers know the effectiveness of pharmacy vitamin complexes. So, Aminovital contains 18 essential amino acids, 8 vitamins and trace elements. The drug is water soluble, is added to the drinking water in the first week at a concentration of 2-4 ml per 10 liters of water. If the bird is weakened or has been treated with antibiotics, it simply needs a vitamin complex.
The drug Chiktonik refers to a number of probiotics. Probiotics are used to strengthen the immune system, to restore microflora in the digestive tract of the chicken, and to fortify the body. According to the instructions for use, Chectonic is used in drinking, at a dosage of 1 ml per 1 liter of water during the week. Side effects from the use of the drug is not fixed.
To grow broiler chickens, any summer resident can get clean diet meat. It is important to treat piskunov carefully, to create conditions for their healthy development. To help the worker created special vitamin supplements.
Feature of the content of chickens in the first days of life
The first thing you should pay attention to when raising very young chickens is the room and conditions of detention. The room must meet certain requirements:
- The room should be clean, well ventilated and warm. Chickens should be there comfortable and calm.
- The room for chickens should be spacious enough, such that there are not more than 25 chickens per square meter inside. Such density will be optimal for their excellent state of health.
- After 5 weeks, it is recommended to reduce their density to 17 heads per 1 square meter.
- After 10 weeks, carry out this procedure again, but reduce the density to 10 birds per square meter.
- In the first days of life for the safety of offspring can lay the paper as a litter. Food can be poured directly onto it, it is safe.
- Litter can be deep. This type of litter, such as peat, is good because it keeps birds' paws warm and dry, absorbs odorless chicken droppings and can be used after complete pollution as a valuable fertilizer for a vegetable garden. It is also possible to use straw, wood chips or sawdust as bedding. You can make a mix of all the above components - it will be, perhaps, the best solution!
- Another point about the room in which your chickens will be kept. Make sure the floor in the hen house is warm, by no means cold. Also avoid litter moisture, keep it dry and warm. This can be achieved by its periodic loosening.
- Chickens should not walk on drinking bowls and feeders. This leads to serious contamination of their food and water with dirt and droppings with subsequent diseases.
- Try to maintain a high temperature for chickens in the range of 29-32 degrees Celsius in the first 5 days of their life. Then you can begin to gradually reduce it (6th day - 26 degrees, 10th day - 23, 1 month of life - 18 degrees Celsius). Chickens in the first days of life easily die from the usual room temperature of 20 degrees.
- In the matter of the combination of lighting and heating infrared lamps will help you. This is a good solution for the coop in which the young are.
If you want to lay the best foundation for their development and subsequent health during this period of bird life, then we recommend that you add such ingredients to their feed - ground eggs, cottage cheese, you can mix these ingredients with cereals such as semolina or corn.
Adding a small amount of whole milk powder will also be appropriate.
You can also include in the nutrient mixture and oatmeal.
When chickens reach 3-5 days of age, you can start giving them greens, chopping them finely beforehand.
From the 10th day of life, boiled vegetables such as potatoes, carrots, zucchini and so on should be introduced into the diet of chickens.
Blend - an excellent choice for chickens from a young age! However, the broth on the broth should not be given to chickens in the first days of life.
Do not forget about small gravel and sand in separate tanks. These components are necessary for chickens for better digestion and assimilation of food.
Such a diet rich in proteins and vitamins will win a significant and important role in building a strong skeleton of a bird and its strong immunity. It is better to spend money on high-quality and complete nutrition at the beginning, than to splurge on medications! The result is worth it.
How to determine that chicks need vitamins?
Vitamins as well as medicines have a general principle that is often followed by smart doctors in medicine. This principle says - "Do no harm!"
Vitamins are not a harmless dietary supplement, they rather seriously regulate a number of the most important functions of the chicken. Therefore, the use and input of vitamins in food, especially synthetic, should be carried out with greater caution!
The main symptoms of a lack of vitamins in chickens:
- Weak appetite
- Putting up other chicks,
- Dull form of plumage.
Only when detecting the pronounced symptoms of vitamin deficiency described above in chickens should their use in a synthetic form be intensified. In normal mode, it is worthwhile to manage to obtain vitamins from natural sources, which we will discuss below.
What is the role of vitamins for chickens?
Vitamins for chickens play an important role in regulating and correcting the development of all the systems of the chicken's body. A lack or excess of a specific vitamin or an entire group affects both immediate results - poor appetite, sluggish behavior, low weight gain, or lack thereof, and delayed - developmental defects, increased aggressiveness or, conversely, bird apathy, weak or absent egg-laying and so on
Vitamin A is very important for chickens, because it is he who regulates both the metabolism of the bird and its active growth. You can track its activity in adult chickens by the color of the yolk of the egg and the size of the egg. If you see that the eggs of the chicken are small and with a pale yolk - this is a signal of a lack of vitamin A group. Also, the lack of this vitamin is evidenced by the drying of the skin and the cornea in chickens.
Vitamin D is responsible for the growth and formation of strong bone tissue. A bird receiving this vitamin in sufficient quantities will never be sick with rickets. The signal of vitamin D deficiency in the body of a chicken is a soft shell, or an egg without a shell at all, in a soft shell.
A bird can get it regularly if it is under sunlight. In the winter, to get this vitamin will help her yeast and hay flour.
Vitamin E is responsible for organizing the work of muscle and nerve connections, as well as for strong immunity. Also, this vitamin regulates the fertility of chickens. With its shortage, the hens will have unfertilized eggs, and the roosters will become sterile. You can take it from eggs, milk, vegetable oil, and wheat germ.
Vitamin B (B1, B2, B6, B12) regulates the work of the digestive and endocrine systems, as well as the mucous membranes. The source of this vitamin is beans, fish meal, cottage cheese.
Vitamins A and E necessary for chickens should be prescribed to chicks not earlier than 5 days of age. From the 5th day of life they can be given these vitamins 1 drop for 2 chicken. In the future, you can smoothly increase the dosage up to 2 drops for 35-45 day of life.
Calcium gluconate as a valuable food additive for birds is very common. Apply it in the form of crushed tablets according to the following method:
- Upon reaching the age of 5 days, a dose in the amount of 1 tsp to 3 chickens is put,
- From the age of 9 days 1 teaspoon for 2 chicken,
- From 12 days old to 1 teaspoon for one chicken,
- From the age of 15 days, 1 dessertspoon for one chicken,
- From the 25th day of life, you can increase the dosage to 1 tablespoon per chicken.
The best approach is to extract vitamins from natural sources by the bird:
- Vitamin A chicken will be happy to get carrots from root vegetables. It should be given in a pre-grated form in the amount of 1 tsp to 10 chickens.
- Upon reaching the chicks of 3 days of age, you can enter into the diet and grated cabbage in the same concentration as carrots.
- An excellent and nutritious addition to regular chickens food is steamed and chopped hay, which is rich in both protein and hydrocarbons.
- In spring and summer, the green leaves of chamomile, nettle, and green onions will greatly enrich the diet of chickens, which you can find both in the yard and near the house.
The mixture which is popularly called “Trivitamin” works well. It consists of vitamins A, D2 (in its absence it can be replaced by vitamin D3, but its stronger effect should be taken into account!) And vitamin E in the dosage of 1 tsp. Since these vitamins come from the group of fat-soluble, then to this mixture is not bad to add 200-250 grams of any vegetable oil. The mixture should be mixed and put on time in a cool, dark place.
Use "Trivitamin" at a concentration of 10 teaspoons per 10 liters of feed for chickens. Its main purpose is to prevent diseases of the joints and cartilage in birds, claudication and degenerative processes in the backbone. This vitamin mix will make the backbone of your bird strong and healthy!
A good result shows the use of fish or bone meal in small quantities. You can give it to chickens from 14 days of age.
There are several important points in growing chickens that every novice farmer should know about. Read more about this in our article.
Chickens are susceptible to coccidiosis. This is a terrible disease that can be fatal for the majority of the livestock. How to prevent chickens from becoming infected with this disease, read here.
Brands of vitamins you can trust
Synthetic vitamins that are effective and worthy of attention, were selected based on the views of real users:
- Introvit-A Oral,
The above brands of vitamin preparations have proven to be the best in practical work with poultry for many satisfied owners. We recommend that you carefully read the instructions for use and give vitamins only in the indicated dosage.
Types of feed and vitamin for broilers
First of all, the poultry farmer must decide how he will be and whether he will be engaged in preparing food for chickens or will he limit himself to purchasing factory feed that has been developed specifically for broilers.
The use of feed at home has a small number advantages:
- there is no need to spend time and energy on the preparation of feed,
- A balanced and comprehensive high calorie diet ensures good weight in a short period of time.
The disadvantages include the fact that not all manufacturers of feed for broilers comply with the proper production technology, using more budgetary synthetic analogues of natural sources of protein and amino acids. According to its chemical properties, synthetic material is not capable of reacting with other components, therefore in most cases it settles at the bottom of the feeder in the form of a white powder, without entering the body of the chick.
In addition, it is worth noting that the cost of the finished feed significantly expensive in comparison with the grain enriched with vitamins and other food additives.
Summing up this section, I would like to note that in addition to financial benefits, the mixture for home-made chicks is much more useful than mixed feed, therefore the meat is more vitaminized.
Properly planned grain diet is no less balanced than the production of feed.
Recommendations for the use of vitamins
To get not only high-quality, but also healthy and tasty meat is possible only from a healthy individual. Specialists in this field have developed special recommendations that allow you to properly organize the feeding of broilers. The main condition for the full development and rapid weight gain of chicken is the presence of various fortified components in the feed.
Introduction to the diet of vitamins A and E should be started on the 5th day of the chicken's life. Developed a special scheme, according to which take vitamin A:
- On the 5th day, you only need to give 1 drop to 2 chicken,
- On 7 - 9 day for each chicken should fall on 1 drop,
- В течение последующих 10 - 15 дней на одну голову должно приходиться не менее 2 капель,
- В интервале с 16 по 35 день рекомендуется давать уже по 4 капли,
- На 35 - 45 день каждая птица нуждается в 5 каплях на каждую особь.
Собственно, в таком количестве витаминов нуждается каждый цыпленок до достижения им возраста 2,5 месяца.
Calcium Gluconate Application
Calcium gluconate in the form of crushed or dissolved tablets in water is given according to the following pattern:
- On the 5th day of life for 3 chicken should be 1 teaspoon,
- In the interval from 9 to 11 days, 1 teaspoon for 2 chicken,
- From 12 to 15 days you need to take 1 teaspoon and each individual,
- In the interval from 15 to 25 days, one chicken should be given one dessert spoon,
- In the interval from 25 to 25 days a tablespoon for each head.
It is recommended to use this scheme until broilers reach the age of 2.5 months. But you should remember and take note that, whatever vitamins are introduced into the diet of chicks, they should be added to the abundantly hydrated food.
The desired effect when growing broiler chickens at home can be obtained by sticking to the following recommendations:
- It should be injected in the diet grated carrot. One teaspoonful for the first time is enough for 10 birds, after 3 days of systematic administration it is necessary to give 1 tsp. shredded or chopped cabbage for 10 broilers. Starting from the ninth day of chickens, the volume can be gradually increased. Staple food should be enriched with chopped and steamed hay. If chickens are raised in spring or summer, the alternative option for hay will be dandelion, nettle, or green onion leaves. It is necessary to take note of the fact that every 10 days of a broiler’s life, the number of additives must be increased exactly twice. And every subsequent 5 days, the increase in dressings is carried out similarly by 2 times.
- Trivitamin should be added to the diet no more than twice a week. You need to cook it yourself. To do this, the pharmacy should purchase vitamins A, D2 and E. For 1 tsp. each add to 250 ml of vegetable oil. The resulting composition is thoroughly mixed and put in a cool and dark place. Add to food, according to calculations, that at 10 tsp. The mixture needs 10 kg of feed. An alternative to vitamin D2 is vitamin D3. But it should be borne in mind that vitamin D3 is 25 times more active than its cousin, therefore poisoning is possible. Therefore, it should be limited to one drop of vitamin 30 drops of oil. The composition prepared by us, prevents the development of rickets, lameness and developmental disorders of the joints.
- On the 5th day of the chicken’s life, mineral supplements are introduced into its feed in the form of crushed seashells, bone meal or chalk. One bird per day should be no more than 3 grams of this mixture.
Nutrition exercise: tips
In order for broiler chickens to be diluted, it is important to have a good diet on the first day of chick existence. It has many similarities with the nutrition of ordinary chickens. Should remember, what:
- In the first days we strongly recommend using finely chopped wheat and oatmeal. Cereals should make up more than half of their diet.
- On the 3rd day of life, the young can already use green fodder, which contains vitamins for chickens. Greens must be carefully chopped and added to feed. For the first time it is worth confining to six grams of greenery on one head. If there is no grass, then it should be limited to sprouted barley. Herbal flour is also recommended. It is recommended to enter into the diet on the 5th day of life. We strongly recommend against exceeding this rate because of the high concentration of fiber in it. Small broilers are still unable to process it due to the imperfect development of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Adding red carrots to the diet makes it possible to replenish shortage large amounts of vitamins, macro-and micronutrients. It contains a large amount of carotene. It is established that 1 g of carrots contains up to 100 μg of carotene. Include in the diet can be fresh, salted or dried carrots. It is recommended to enter it on the 5th - 7th day of the chickens life. Beforehand, it is necessary to chop it thoroughly and add it to the moistened, with the help of water, feed. It is necessary to adhere to norms from 3 to 5 grams on one broiler within a day.
- The necessary vitamins are part of the processed fish waste, which are sold in the form of bone meal. It is necessary to give about 6 grams per broiler, bringing the initial rate in the future to 15 grams.
- Feed, which includes proteinmust not exceed 16% of the total dry feed. It is recommended to include in the diet of young whey, buttermilk and cottage cheese.
- When chickens reach the age of 3 weeks, a fifth of the grain crops should be replaced with crushed potatoes. It is recommended to add it to the mash. Birds like this food.
Vitamin deficiencies can cause the death of young animals and inhibit their growth. Having noticed the course of symptoms in daily broilers, one should immediately contact a veterinarian. With low activity of chickens, feed yeast is recommended to be introduced into their diet.
It is possible to diagnose avitaminosis in chickens by the appearance of their joints. If they are thickened, then this is a symptom of arthritis. The veterinarian should select the method of treatment and prescribe the appropriate course of therapy. With a deficiency of vitamin D is able to actively develop rickets, which irreversibly leads to the death of the bird. The timely use of fish oil will prevent the development of this disease. It includes vitamins A and D. In winter it must be added to the feed.
- In the first 10 days of life, broilers instead of water, they are recommended to give low-fat whey. And also, it is good to use decoction on the basis of needles of needles. To do this, take one tablespoon of pine needles and pour a glass of boiling water. Infuse the resulting solution, it is necessary for 40 minutes. To solder babies this broth is recommended every other day. The composition of the drink includes carotene and vitamins E and B. And also, chickens can eat carefully chopped pine needles with mash. It should be borne in mind that when using pine needles, poultry meat begins to acquire a specific flavor. Therefore, 2 weeks before slaughter, it is strongly recommended to exclude needles from the diet.
- Eliminate Vitamin B and amino acid deficiencies are possible, including in the diet, cabbage. It contains a large concentration of these substances. It is recommended to include in the diet, starting from the 5th day of life of the broiler.
- Deficiency of protein and other minerals can be filled with legumes and their tops. It is recommended to be limited to 5 grams of raw materials per head, starting from 3 days of a chicken's life. When broilers reach two months of age, the number of legumes in the diet increases to 10 grams per bird.
Vitamins for broilers chickens, soluble in water, composition and indications for use
Growing chicks is not an easy task, but it is an extremely profitable business. Therefore, the question of feeding young broilers should be approached thoroughly. Any wrong decision can lead to enormous losses for the poultry farmer - the quality of meat may suffer or the feed consumption will be unreasonably high.
Today in our article we will discuss vitamins for chickens, since they play one of the main roles in the diet. With the observance of micro doses, incoming vitamins contribute to the biochemical processes in the body. A lack of catalysts can serve as a delay in the development and the formation of non-infectious diseases. But it is necessary to know the whole measure and observe the necessary balance, since an excess of vitamin can lead to unexpected and, most importantly, bad consequences.
Instructions for use of trivitamin for birds
A balanced diet is one of the pledges of poultry health. Experienced farmers pay due attention to the saturation of feed with vitamins and microelements.
A sufficient level of intake of vitamins improves metabolism, increases immunity resistance, contributes to the normal development of the body. With insufficiently enriched with vitamins food and feed, bird owners often resort to using synthetic vitamin complexes to restore normal balance.
One of the most popular vitamin complexes for poultry is trivitamin.
Trivitamin is intended for therapeutic and prophylactic measures against A, D and E hypovitaminosis - one of the most important vitamins for vital activity.
With a lack of vitamin A, the body’s resistance to various infections is reduced, the regulation of normal functioning and the ability to regenerate epithelial tissues, including mucous membranes, deteriorates.
Signs for which use of trivitamin is shown due to vitamin A deficiency in the body of birds:
- blurred vision
- digestive disorders,
- reproductive impairment,
- reduction in the number of eggs in the clutch,
- increase in the number of unfertilized eggs,
- degradation of feather cover (in severe cases of feathering),
- curvature and breakage of claws,
- disorders of the upper respiratory tract,
- weak legs
In the case of hypovitaminosis D, the digestibility of calcium is severely impaired, because it is this vitamin that is synthesized naturally in the body under the influence of sunlight.
Its main function is to ensure the normal growth and development of bones, in particular, the normal development of growth rates of young animals depends on how well the body absorbs calcium under the influence of vitamin D.
With a decrease in egg production, delay in growth and development, softening of the beak, deformation of the bones, and difficulty in movement are the symptoms for which you need to take trivitamin.
Vitamin E is another element affecting growth. In addition, a lack of vitamin E can signal a decrease in fertility in domestic birds, disorders of the central nervous system, weakness and dystrophy of muscles.
Also, vitamin E is responsible for the normal development of embryos, therefore, for the full health of the offspring. The reduction in egg production and the underdevelopment of embryos indicate the need for the use of vitamin supplements.
That is why, especially when growing birds, in conditions of poultry farms without the possibility of staying in the open air and feeding the birds with natural food, it is necessary to use medicinal vitamin bait for the full development of the entire livestock.
Due to the physiologically sound combination of the active ingredients (vitamins A, E and D3) in optimal proportions for the body, trivitamin has a high synergistic effect when using medicine for vitamin supplementation of agricultural poultry for both therapeutic and prophylactic purposes.
This drug is available in two forms - as a solution for injection and for oral administration. The solution for injection is packaged in a container with a volume of 100 ml. Packages used for feeding poultry are usually produced in volumes of 10, 100 and 1000 ml.
Also on sale is the release form of trivitamin in large canisters with a capacity of up to 34 liters, designed for large-scale farms with large populations of agricultural animals. The drug itself is an oily liquid from light yellow to brown with a permissible slight turbidity and a characteristic odor of vegetable oil.
In the process of production of this multivitamin remedy, GMOs, carcinogens, chemicals, or other elements hazardous to health are not used.
There are several drugs with the same composition:
Trivit with a similar composition
Despite the fact that these drugs represent the same direction, the ratio of vitamins in them is somewhat different.
Solutions for internal administration can also be used orally, however, it should be borne in mind that the vitamins in the composition are fat-soluble, so adding them to the drink and not to the feed can lead to unequal saturation of these elements of individual individuals and, consequently, to overdose.
The use of preparations based on vitamins D3 should be carried out strictly in accordance with the instructions from the manufacturer. Overdose of such funds can have a very negative impact on health and vital signs.
The use of a vitamin complex for growing chickens helps to avoid a number of problems that novice farmers may encounter, such as rickets of chicks, lameness, and swelling of the joints of the limbs. For prophylaxis, the administration of trivitamin is introduced for 5-7 days of chick life, especially, especially if greens are not added to the diet.
The prophylactic dose is taken at the rate of one drop per two-three chickens and is applied once a week for a month. With individual treatment of avitaminosis, drops are administered orally into the beak of each individual.
The average allowable dose recommended by the manufacturer for chickens from one week of age is 515 ml / per 10 kg of feed.
In case of individual therapy, 2 drops are given for meat and egg line chickens from 9 weeks old and 3 drops for broiler chickens over 5 weeks old.
3 day chicken
In the treatment, the drug is given daily for 3-4 weeks until the disease is completely eliminated, after which the weekly dose is taken according to the prophylactic regimen.
Goslings, as well as ducks, at the age of 1-8 weeks, the recommended dose is 7.3 ml per 10 kg of feed. Moreover, it should be borne in mind that the dose for the repair of young geese is equal to 3.7 ml per 10 kg of feed. Preventive feeding with a mixture of feed with trivitaminom carried out once a week.
In the presence of walking for goslings with access to fresh grass, drug prevention of beriberi can be avoided. In the event that symptoms of vitamin deficiency are detected in individual individuals, treatment should be carried out according to an individual scheme with instillation of the agent in the beak of an individual bird every day for 3-4 weeks until the symptoms associated with the disease are completely eliminated.
The dose for young geese is 5 drops per bird.
As well as chicks of other breeds of agricultural birds, poults need to be enriched with vitamins, especially in large-scale growing conditions at a poultry farm or large farms.
Depending on the number of heads in the pack and the mass of feed consumed, a prophylactic dose of medication is calculated.
For young turkeys aged 1-8 weeks, 14.6 ml of the drug per 10 kg of feed is applied once a week. The replacement turkey youngsters give 5.2 ml of trivitamin per 10 kg of feed. For medicinal purposes, poults are given 8 drops daily for 3-4 weeks.
For young of other varieties
The tool is used for vitamin supplements for the prevention and treatment of different types of poultry for chicks. This quail and guinea fowl ducks. The manufacturer's recommendations should be followed in the instructions for the preparation, observing the dosage for each particular species of birds.
Trivitamin added to dry food or mash with moisture content of about 5% immediately before feeding to the bird.
Subsequently, the feed enriched with the preparation cannot be subjected to heat treatment and stored for more than a day due to the fact that most of the vitamins are destroyed during storage and high temperature.
Instructions for use of trivitamin for adult birds
The drug is used in the treatment and prevention of conditions caused by avitaminosis, for adults of agricultural birds. The recommended regimen is 1 drop of the drug per head daily.
Tool for vaccination of birds
For group use by adding to feed, the following values are used:
- Chickens and turkeys - 7 ml per 10 kg of feed.
- Ducks -10 ml / 10kg.
- Geese -8 ml / 10kg.
Side effects and contraindications
In the doses recommended by manufacturers, the vitamin complexes trivitamin have no side effects with the exception of rare cases of individual intolerance by individual individuals to the components in the composition of the drug.
Contraindications, except in cases of rare individual tolerance, the drug does not.
Meat, eggs from birds that took the vitamin complex Trivitamin, have no time limit on human use in food.
Farmers engaged in breeding and growing poultry, often face a number of problems, which are usually caused by a deficiency of vitamins in the diet of birds.
Trivitamin 100 ml.
The correct selection of means for feeding the livestock can highly improve immunity, improve health, reproduction, reduce mortality and the level of susceptibility to infectious diseases. The key to the solution may be the vitamin complex trivitamin (trivit, tetravit).
In addition to a high degree of safety for all types of poultry when using trivitamin according to the instructions, this tool due to the absence of harmful elements in the composition, it is absolutely safe for people who eat meat, eggs of birds that received vitamin bait.
Use of water soluble vitamins for broiler chickens
Требуются базовые знания о витаминах, чтобы принять решение, когда вводить пищевые добавки, богатые минералами и витаминами, в рацион цыплят бройлеров. Обычно решение не обходится без учёта разных факторов: окружающая среда, тип жилья, количество птицы в стае, климат и другие жизненно важные факторы.
Цель содержания стаи также будет влиять на применение пищевых добавок. Contains poultry for broiler meat, carrying high-quality eggs, poultry meat or breeding species. Each pack has different, unique nutritional needs.
Factors affecting the state of the pack and individuals individually:
- processing stresses,
And conditions that may affect feed quality should also be considered. For example, in years of high humidity during harvest, there may be a high level of mold in maize and other grains. The shelf life of vitamins is important in the usefulness of nutritional supplements. Vitamins for broilers are sensitive to changes in pH, light and heat. Elements may lose their effectiveness when exposed to minerals and additives, which are sometimes used in the diet.
Vitamins fall into two categories:
- water soluble
- fat soluble.
Water soluble do not affect fats in the avian diet and include:
B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6 (pyridoxine), B9 (folic acid), B12 (cobalamin), H (biotin), C (ascorbic acid).
Water-soluble supplements are rapidly metabolized, and the excess is eliminated from the body through feces or urine. In the daily diet, water-soluble vitamins should be present on an ongoing basis to avoid vitamin deficiency.
The list of deviations caused by the lack of water-soluble additives (vitamin deficiency):
- B1 - loss of appetite and neurological disorders,
- B2 - leads to paralysis and slow growth,
- B3 - general weakness, slow growth and problems of the gastrointestinal tract,
- B5 - reduce egg production,
- B6 - skin dermatitis and convulsions,
- PP - depression and skin lesions,
- B9 - perosis (as a result of leg deformities), poor plumage and poor growth,
- B12 - perosis, poor plumage, anemia and liver obesity.
Vitamin C deficiency is considered the most dangerous. Vitamin C deficiency is manifested in slowing growth and weakness in chickens. It can not be synthesized by birds, so the lack can be compensated only by food additives.
Riboflavin (B2) is the basis of enzyme systems, therefore, plays an important role in metabolism. Deficiency leads to the defeat of the nasopharynx, digestive system.
Pyridoxine (B6) is essential for proper amino acid metabolism. A lack of pyridoxine causes spasmodic convulsions. The bird should be fed with cereals, yeast and alfalfa.
Thiamine (B1) is necessary for proper carbohydrate metabolism. Thiamine deficiency causes anorexia, loss of feathers and muscle paralysis. Birds refuse to water, sit on bent legs and tilt their heads.
The second group of vitamins for chickens is fat soluble. In this group of food supplements include: A, D, E and K.
This group is more complex. The advantage is the ability of poultry to store reserves of vitamins of the fat-soluble group in the internal organs, such as the liver, pancreas, brain. As well as excess water soluble, excreted through the stool, urine and bile.
The list of deviations caused by the lack of fat-soluble additives (vitamin deficiency):
- A - damage to the eyes and an acute lack of muscle coordination,
- D - rickets and weak bones of a broiler chicken,
- E - lack of appetite and encephalomalacia (or softening of bone tissue, water in the bones),
- K - reduction of blood clotting and the possibility of hemorrhage of a broiler.
Studies have shown that birds with vitamin deficiency suffered from impaired immunity, as well as the body suppressed the production of antibodies in the blood, which reduced the ability of the bird to fight infections. Consider the pathological conditions of broilers due to lack of vitamin E.
Well-visible signs of beriberi do not exist. Therefore, farmers often do not know about the disease. You can notice the problem with vaccination and drug therapy, the birds behave aggressively. But the main way is still a blood test for the amount of antibodies.
It is believed that vitamin E stabilizes and regulates cell membranes, helps maintain optimal functioning of all types of blood cells. It plays an important role in the protection of leukocytes and macrophages during phagocytosis - the process in which cells surround the microorganism and destroy it.
A study was conducted in which chickens were fed an enriched dietary supplement E, and then subjected to infection with coccidiosis. They maintained their momentum: weight gain and mortality reduction, even in conditions of severe coccidiosis.
Additional studies have shown an enriched diet with the addition of E increased the production of antibodies in the blood. Broilers who received supplements with a vaccine produced antibodies earlier than birds that did not receive supplements. Chickens were fed daily with the addition of 225 IU (international units) to 450 IU of vitamin E daily. They were less susceptible to infections and bacterial attacks. Mortality rates were lower than in individuals with normal diet.
The presence of E supplements plays an important role in the breakdown of vitamin C and in the metabolism of sulfur-containing amino acids, the building blocks of life. Helps to absorb B12 - an important component of hemoglobin.
Studies have shown that safety spectrum E is quite wide. In the range from 450 to 900 IU per kilogram of feed, it has been shown that the feed is well tolerated by chickens. Supplement E is retained in all tissues of the body, with the highest concentration in the liver. The toxicity of the additive E was observed, but not often. Symptoms include depression in broilers, growth rates and an increase in blood clotting time are also reduced.
The additive is introduced into the diet, gradually increasing the concentration. High-quality blended wheat germ oil is a natural accumulation of vitamin E. There are types of oil enriched with other vitamins and minerals. In order to save, use enriched oil, mixed with soybean oil. Oil begins to add 200 IU per kilogram of feed, gradually increasing to 600 IU.
How to use it? When using a water-soluble vitamin, remember that all the calculations are already described on the package, the recipe is painted for one kilogram of feed.
Vitamin D and A
Vitamin D plays an important role in the optimal functioning of the chicken skeleton system, strengthening bones, claws and beak. It also has a positive effect on the quality of the eggshells shell.
The bird should get a lot of vitamin D for normal growth and development. The absorption of calcium and phosphorus by the body of the bird is due to a sufficient amount of D in the diet. We can safely say that the growth of the bird depends on these three substances.
The consequences of D-avitaminosis are rickets, poor growth and a decrease in egg production. The farmer must monitor the condition of the birds, especially after illness.
Retinol or Vitamin A
Another nutrient. Retinol is found in large quantities in fish oil, green grass, alfalfa. The lack of retinol leads to poor plumage, damage to the nasal area, and also causes conjunctivitis and ultimately blindness.
Dry foods stored for long periods of time may not contain sufficient amounts of vitamin A, since retinol has a relatively short shelf life.
Vitamins for chickens as an additive to nutrition help chicks not to die
Lack of vitamins for chickens leads to metabolic disorders, reduction of nutrients, the emergence of various diseases, a violation of the level of productivity.
Today, many farmers and people who live in the village grow chickens. Undoubtedly, they have a question, what vitamins for chickens should be added to the feed in order for the animals to grow strong and healthy?
It is known that vitamins are biologically active substances and all aspects of life, both human and animal organism, are associated with them. Vitamins regulate various processes in the body. Lack of vitamins leads to metabolic disorders, reduced nutrients, the emergence of various diseases, a violation of the level of productivity.
Vitamins for chickens are divided into two groups, depending on the principle of attitude to solvents. So, there are vitamins, soluble in fat and soluble in water. Fat-soluble vitamins include vitamins A, E, K, D, and water-soluble vitamins C, P, vitamins of group B. Each of the vitamins has its own specific effect on the animal body.
An important vitamin for chickens is retinol (vitamin A). It is also called vitamin growth. In plant foods, retinol is not sufficient for chickens. Carotene, provitamin A, is much more abundant in such feeds. In the body of the bird, it is directly converted into vitamin A. It is important to take into account the fact that the biological activity of provitamin A is three times less in comparison with the full-value vitamin A. It takes an active part in the metabolism, and its lack leads to a decrease in the body's resistance to various infections, because the mucous membranes lose their function. If there is not enough vitamin A for chickens, then hatchability and egg production rapidly decrease. The source of this vitamin for chickens are green vegetable food.
An important vitamin for chickens is calciferol (vitamin D). There are two variations of this vitamin - D2 and D3. It is important to remember that for chickens, vitamin D3 is thirty times more effective than vitamin D2. Vitamin D3 is found in fish oil, and vitamin D2 is found in yeast and hay flour.
Vitamin E (tocopherol) is involved in metabolic processes and stimulation of chick breeding. The lack of this vitamin for chickens is shown in decrease in birth rate. Sources of tocopherol are wheat germ, green fodder, hay, and legumes.
Fillokhinon - vitamin K, which is responsible for blood clotting. Its lack leads to the emergence of cannibalism - chickens peck at each other.
To fill the missing amount of vitamins for chickens will help add to the diet of fresh herbs, which can begin to use a little from the age of five animals. As the green, you can use sliced nettle leaves, clovers, dandelion or feathers of green onions. A useful source of vitamins for chickens is grated carrots on a fine grater, which should be mixed into the feed. Nettle is a powerful natural stimulus for improving immunity and proper growth, and green onions are used to prevent intestinal diseases. Since the sun contributes to the production of vitamin D in the body, it is recommended to let the chickens out for a walk from two weeks of age, which will help avoid the appearance of rickets.
Buy vitamins for chickens, for example, Biotan 3Z (1 kg), Aminovit Mix Vital (100 g), Prodevit tetra (100 ml), Chiktonik (1 l)
Buy vitamins for chickens in the online shop Yusna Super Bio
Why chicks vitamins?
Vitamins are necessary for all living things. They take part in all biochemical processes that occur in the body. With a shortage of these substances, metabolism is disturbed, various pathologies begin to develop, which encompass all the systems of vital activity of the organism.
- If the chickens do not have enough vitamin “A” (retinol), then their growth will slow down. Carotene is also called growth vitamin. With avitaminosis in chicks, mucous membranes become inflamed, conjunctivitis develops, and vision drops. In individuals, the process of replacing yellow down with an adult feather slows down.
- With a lack of vitamin "D", which is produced in birds in the sun, skeletal deformation occurs, rickets develop.
- If the chicks do not receive the B-group vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, follacin), this will affect the digestive system. Pathologies of the organs of the endocrine system will develop.
- A decrease in immunity is noted if additives and products that contain tocopherol (E), ascorbic acid (C), naphthoquinones (K), do not get into the chicken's body. When this occurs, the failure of the nervous system stops the growth of muscle fibers. This means that the young will stop gaining weight.
It is necessary not only to determine which vitamins the youngsters lack, they should be properly given to the chickens. If biotin, ascorbic acid, thiamine, riboflavin, follacin, niocin (PP) are shown in the herd, they should be given along with the drink. Substances soluble in water.
If retinol, tocopherol, naphthoquinones, vitamin “D” are introduced together with the liquid, they will not work properly. Substances simply excreted from the body. These vitamins are fat soluble. They are administered with oily feed additives.
Replace natural vitamins for chickens are called feed additives, multicomplexes. They are enhanced by minerals, amino acids, a balanced amount of protein and carbohydrates.
- Broilers recommend "Chiktonik." The drug is included in the first aid kit for chickens. It has 18 amino acids, 8 vitamins. Tonic contains minerals. The complex is produced in a concentrated form. The emulsion is diluted with drinking water. For 10 liters of water without chlorine 4 ml of "Chiktonika" should fall. The drug is shown to youngsters from 3 birthdays. The livestock must be fed before using antibiotics and after antibiotic therapy.
- Well proven vitamins for chickens "Mixwit broiler." This is a premix. It is introduced along with wet food. The composition of the premix includes a full range of vitamins. Among the mineral substances: selenium, cobalt, iodine, zinc, manganese, calcium. For chicks up to 5 weeks, it is recommended to introduce no more than 10 g per 1 kg of feed. As the chicks grow, the supplement changes to “Mixxvit for chickens from 5 weeks.”
- Prodevit - most of the complex contains retinol 10 thousand. Units. Tocopherol in it 20 mg. Cholecalciferol (D3) - 15 thousand. The drug is acceptable to enter the newborn chickens to 1 drop. When inflammation of the conjunctiva, mucous membranes of young animals do injections: 0.3 ml per head. In the treatment of "Prodovit" is administered 1 time per week. For prophylactic purposes - 1 time in 2 weeks.
- "Ganaminovit" - the drug contains vitamins of the "B", "E", "PP", "K", "A". The complex includes amino acids and mineral salts. Young animals are drinking after using antibiotics and for the prevention of infectious diseases. Chickens indicated dosage of 0.25 g / l: use water without chlorine. Therapy is recommended to continue up to 8 days. Enter the complex together with food: prepare mash. In this case, the amount of the drug is different: 0.5 g / kg of feed. It is advised to repeat the course in a month.
Vitamin complexes are used together with antimicrobial agents. They do not require culling of meat and eggs. The preparations recommend laying hens to increase egg production, to increase the egg mass.
In large poultry farms, the young begin to receive therapy from 3 days after birth. Duration 5 days. Take a break in 10 days, preventive measures are repeated. Drugs administered in the organization of a balanced diet.
Apart from natural vitamins, podvortsam is recommended to give feed additives to chickens and hens with premixes and synthetic complexes. In this case, the death of chickens and adults can be avoided, and high productivity in birds can be achieved.