I wonder where the pigeons hide the chicks? Many of us probably thought about it, looking at the plump birds walking around the squares and boulevards carelessly. But the truth is, without pigeons it is difficult to imagine the urban landscape, but we see, as a rule, developed strong birds. Where, then, is their offspring? Or do pigeons immediately become adults? Let's try to find a pigeon's nest!
Meet the dove
So where do pigeons hide their chicks in the city? But first, let's find out what kind of bird is this pigeon that gazes at you with curiosity now with one eye and then with another eye while you are crumbling its bread.
The gray dove (Columba livia) was tamed by man since ancient times, adapted to life next to him and abundantly populated the human habitat. In the wild, this bird lives no more than 5 years, and with breeding and proper care, it can live to 30 years of age.
As you can see, pigeons are able to appreciate the benefits of living alongside people. But people treat the named birds very differently - from admiration for their beauty and behavioral characteristics, to fastidious comparison with city rats, they say, they also spread the infection (which is only partially true) and are also unclean (and much depends on people ).
How doves build a nest
One of the most amazing qualities of these birds - pigeons - monogamous. They choose a mate for life and honestly share with their chosen one the difficulties of building a nest, and then raising their children.
Their family relationships can be envied: having chosen a site for nesting, the pigeon is waiting for the dove to appreciate it. That one, if she is satisfied with everything, slowly sits down on the still bare place and tries on for some time. The dove beside it waits patiently for the sign, and, having received approval, it is accepted to wear building material, while the little dove collects a nest from it (simply putting the twigs and blades of grass under it).
The female lays one or two eggs, and both parents incubate them alternately. True, the father pigeon, sitting on the eggs, always impatiently waits for the dove to go and feed on the rest and at the same time cooing, calling for it (well, not a man's thing!).
After 20 days, and sometimes a little earlier, tiny 10-gram clumps, blind and covered with fluffy fluff, the dove's chicks, appear from the eggs. Within a month, this krokhotule will turn into a presentable strong bird. Helping him in this, of course, caring parents. So after all, where do the pigeons hide their children?
How doves find nesting sites
In the Mediterranean, where these birds come from, they build nests in coastal cliffs, so in urban conditions their descendants settled around the world are trying to find secluded places that once resembled landscapes: ventilation shafts, hollows in buildings, abandoned attics, hollows in high trees or pillars under bridges. In short, all the places where you can find a closed space, suitable for the pigeon family.
As you, probably, already were convinced, birds about which the story is conducted, are not so neat. And no matter where pigeons hide chicks, their nests look quite unpresentable - an unformed bunch of small twigs and grass with a small depression in the middle. Sometimes, if the place of the pigeon family seems particularly successful, it returns to the same nest every year, only slightly restoring it with a pair of twigs or straws.
Where doves hide chicks until they grow up
Unlike their rock relatives, city pigeons who had easily adapted to life with people learned to sit even on thin branches and wires. But they, like their ancestors, having found a place suitable for nesting, not without a fight, magically care for their chosen one, fluffing up their tails and performing a mating dance with bows and pirouettes before the dove, fascinated looking at them. And just as selflessly continue to feed their chicks remaining in the nest until the moment of their transformation into adult individuals capable of independent living.
That is why in the huge flocks of pigeons you can not see the chicks or teenage birds - all of them are simply under the mother and father wings in a safe shelter.
Features pigeon education
Where pigeons hide chicks, the last one is surely living perfectly. There are practically no enemies of these birds, and there is enough food around. So the kid is not in a hurry to stand on the wing.
In addition, the pigeon family has one unique feature - it feeds its offspring by the so-called "bird's milk", that among the birds only flamingos and some species of penguins are able to do.
Bird's milk is a special white mushy secret, rich in fats, proteins and microelements, which is extracted from goiter from both male and female, feeding offspring. Chicks get it for 18 days, and then move on to solid food. This process is pretty smooth. At first, the crumb gets only easily digestible “milk”, but after 3-4 days, supplements from softened grains and grains of sand appear secretly, and gradually, by three weeks of age, the pups turn into solid food and water, which parents bring to their insatiable child.
How do bluelings grow
If you accidentally find a place where pigeons hide their chicks, you may be surprised that in one nest the chicks vary greatly in size. But it turns out that in some pairs the dove, already 2 weeks after the birth of the offspring, can again begin to hatch eggs. And already born babies at this time is engaged father.
By the way, in the case of the death of a dove, a male is able to feed one young, but in a female in the same situation, the young often die. A sick chicks pigeons usually throw, thus preserving the health of their population.
It's time to go to the flock
Trying to find out where the pigeons hide their chicks, do not forget that it is impossible to come close to the places of laying of these birds, and even less to take into the hands of small chicks. This can scare pigeons and make them leave the nest, despite the fact that they are very calm towards people at other times.
But, when everything is already behind, and young pigeons can start an independent life, they adjoin the pack, which lives not far from the place where pigeons hide chicks. By the way, they are very attached to their habitat and always try to return there.
The flock life of these birds is based on the benefits that it can bring to find food, water or protection from enemies. In the pack, couples are always noticeable - they keep close to each other, do not snatch feed from each other and constantly demonstrate their affection. Between other pigeons this does not happen - they are trying to keep a distance, which will not allow you to get a blow with your beak.
Now I see where pigeons hide chicks!
If you look at the pack, then a careful observer will still be able to detect the young by a more dull plumage, the absence of iridescent feathers on the neck, and also by restless behavior.
Pigeons that have just left the nest, at the age of 28-34 days, although they look like adults, continue to go after their parents and beg for food from them. Those who have already turned 34 days, confidently fly with their parents in search of food and to the watering. Young birds often gather in flocks and begin to lead an adult lifestyle.
We hope, now, having learned where the pigeons hide their children, and also how exactly they feed their offspring, you will treat these glorious birds with great warmth, filling our cities with special comfort and kindness.
Of course, pigeon chicks hatch with females from eggs. In this, pigeons are no different from other birds. The newborn offspring has absolutely no sight, the hatched doves have no down or feathers. In general, only people with experience can determine that a dove is in front of you. By the way, nondescript appearance helps pigeons save lives. It is unlikely that any predator would want to enjoy such a meager (pigeon chick weighs about 10 grams) and unappetizing lunch.
The head of the little blue bird is rather large, so at first it is difficult for him to stand up, and his weak legs can not withstand even a small weight of the chick. Pigeons develop their beak the fastest. After seven days, this part of the body becomes simply enormous.
The question of what a pigeon chick looks like can be answered with two or three phrases. He is small, bald, defenseless, with a large and wide-spread beak. In the attics of apartment buildings, where pigeon chicks are easier to find than in the woods or in the field, you can often find pigeon-laying (usually two eggs) and their offspring. Pigeons very carefully protect their chicks, including from prying eyes. Today, when communication with nature is minimized, the appearance of small pigeons is especially interesting. Moreover, they live in close contact with a person.
Parents practically do not leave their nests, and both male and female are taken to warm and care for the chicks. This behavior is due to the fact that newborns are completely naked. A little fluff will appear at them a bit later. The development of pigeons occurs fast for feathered rates. Within two months, the youngsters are in the flock, independently produce food, and have the exterior of an adult.
After an incomplete month after birth, the pigeons acquire a uniform, dense plumage and begin to go out with apprehension, fling from one place to another, training the muscles of their wings for future flights. By the end of the second month, the first molt occurs, the young feathers change to tougher ones.
But until now, they have not left the nests where they hatched and are completely dependent on their parents and are subject to various diseases. In addition to heating and feeding, the male and the female also take care of the protection of the nest.
With the manifestation of the slightest danger, the male or female is practically pressed into the nest, covering the young. The second member of the couple by all possible means takes the unwanted guest away, often pretending to be sick and frail.
The bulk of the food for pigeons is formed and stored in the female goiter as a liquid substance, resembling milk, with which she feeds the chicks. Pigeon offspring is growing unevenly. One of a pair of chicks is necessarily bigger and stronger than a brother or sister.
Where do chicks grow
Pigeons have many natural enemies. To them can be attributed to bad weather, cold, predators, etc. Where the chicks pigeons flee from them - a separate question. If there are more opportunities for mimicry in the grass and in the forest, it is difficult to protect the pigeons in the city, near the person.
Despite the extremely developed parental feelings, the couple without regret leaves the nesting place, near which a man was seen. It is easier for birds to lay in a new place than to endanger future young.
Not finding the places where pigeon chicks spend most of their time, people came up with a lot of tales about their appearance, questioning the very existence of the pigeons.
Having no innate protection from external factors, small pigeons live for two months in carefully sheltered nests under the care of their parents, where pigeons nestlings are in relative safety.
In the wild, birds make nests among branches of dense trees, hollows or in tall grass. In large cities, it can be lofts of high houses, water towers and fire towers, rarely visited by the owners balconies.
Strangely enough, but in specially built dovecotes on the arranged nests the birds do not particularly willingly incubate the clutch. This is because the dovecote is a place that is often visited by humans, which causes anxiety in birds.
In everyday life, pigeons are characterized by some arrogance, they almost sit on their heads and climb under the feet of people. But raising the young, the birds show almost manic caution. Therefore, few people can see the little pigeons near. Not only is the nest itself difficult to detect, but one of the parents until the end of the offspring to cover the offspring, while the other is in any way to drive away the potential danger.
One of the reasons why there is little documentary evidence of how the offspring of pigeons look like is their early maturation. Youngsters are difficult to distinguish in a flock. Only experienced poultry farmers pay attention to the lack of glitter in the plumage and the characteristic rainbow "collar", which are inherent only in mature birds.
By behavior, you can also distinguish young birds. Lacking sufficient flight experience, and having not yet fully strengthened limbs, juveniles move awkwardly, dragging one's leg and then wing, often rising to the air without cause.
The inaccessibility of pigeon nests, the precocity and natural caution of pigeons leads to the fact that the young of these birds is not easy to see. If nestlings of other domesticated birds are constantly visible, then pigeons rarely “advertise” their nests. When choosing the most secluded places for nests, the birds also carefully mask them themselves with grass, branches, leaves, etc.
Keeping nests in dark, rarely visited by people corners, causes pigeons and the defenselessness of their chicks, this is especially manifested immediately after birth. Doves have to be afraid of everything, even the sun's rays. Their tender skin, devoid of any protection, reacts painfully to ultraviolet light.
The habit of living next to a person leaves the birds no chance to keep secret the places where pigeons chicks spend most of the time until the time comes for them to leave the nest. The secret of how the offspring of pigeons looks and where they hide all the time gradually ceases to be a secret. And for true nature lovers, finding the nest of a pigeon is not labor. The main thing is to behave carefully, not to frighten the birds, not to touch the clutch, and then the pigeons will be born in this place, and parents will use a safe place for more than one season, gradually strengthening and expanding the nest.
The incubation period for pigeons lasts 19-22 days. Rasklev can begin already at 16-18 days. And the first chick appears from a later clutch. After 3-5 hours, the baby from the first egg pecks. Eating at chicks takes 8-10 hours. The shell of the egg is thick, but the pigeons do a good job with it. They have a “tooth” on their beak, with which they make a hole in the egg. "Tooth" disappears in 2-3 days. If the chick does not work, then his parents help him. Sometimes a person’s help is required.
Hatching occurs most often in the first half of the day. Poultry must be constantly monitored. It is advised to check the eggshell. Dirty shells makes it harder to curse, interferes with dust or droppings stuck to the surface. To facilitate the work of the cubs, it is recommended to moisten the eggs with warm water. For this it is better to use a spray. It will allow to distribute moisture evenly. The shell will become more resilient and pliable.
When examining eggs, be careful. The pigeon is jealous of its nest, does not let anyone to it. Parents do not leave clutch unattended, sit on it in turn. You can divert birds feed. Moisturizing the shell, try to leave the nest itself dry. After the chicks appear, the nest needs to be peeled off; you may need to put some dry hay in the box.
To find out what a pigeon chick looks like, only an experienced ornithologist or pigeon breeder who breeds poultry can:
- young growth appears to weigh 10 grams
- the chicks are small, blind, lacking feathers. The first pyrex appears in 3-5 days. Blind doves remain up to 8 days
- they can't stand up,
- the chicks have a voluminous head and big eyes,
- the beak is so massive that a pigeon cub cannot lift it. Over time, the "tooth", which the chicks broke the shell "disappears, the beak becomes not so massive
- Doves constantly squeak. Parents think they are hungry.
The chicks are so small that they are not recommended to take them in their hands, so as not to damage them. The parents themselves will do everything that is necessary, clean the nest, dry the children, feed them and warm them. A person can only help clean up the cage. If the birds are not endowed with parental instinct, then the owner assumes this role. Chicks taken under the lamp in the brooder. For young animals equip soft litter.
A newborn chick can live a day without food. If in the future he does not receive food, he dies. Normally, his parents should feed him in 6 hours. In adults, the goiter cells are reborn. Они начинают вырабатывать питательную для молодняка жидкость. Её называют зобным молочком. Внешне оно похоже на сметану. Через 4 дня молочко приобретает консистенцию кашицы. Качество молочка напрямую связано с рационом питания птичьей семьи. В него обязательно должен входить ячмень, кукуруза, горох, чечевица:
- жидкость на 64% состоит из воды,
- 13% – жира,
- 19% – белка,
- 1,6% – минеральных веществ,
- в ней находятся витамины «А», «В», «Е», «Д»: 2,4%.
Голубята едят молочко постоянно. Через 2 дня масса птенца увеличивается до 20 г. Птицы кормят детёнышей до 4 недель. Sometimes the goiter's goiter disappears for 7-10 days. They leave the nest, leaving the chicks alone. The role of the breadwinner takes the man. This situation rarely happens, but pigeon breeders need to foresee it in advance.
Goiter may disappear due to improper diet or due to stress. Birds can miss the flights. They don't take them for training. Physical activity requires a lot of energy, which is necessary for feathered birds. As a nutrient mixture, chickens of pigeons get yolk diluted with milk. The liquid is injected with a syringe without a needle through the mouth.
On the 7th day, a container with millet is placed in the cage. Adults begin to feed their babies milk, which is mixed with grain. With artificial nutrition, protein, crushed maize and peas are added to the milk mixture with yolk. Offspring quickly gaining weight, begins to fledge.
On day 18, the chick becomes like a little pigeon. It is still covered with down, but all parts of the body become more decorated, the eyes are large, the beak, on the contrary, looks smaller than at birth. He is able to use their own millet. To do this, a separate tank is installed in the cage for the young. Parents teach offspring to peck grain.
In hot weather, it is recommended to conduct water baths to chicks. This will cool them and cleanse the body. For baths use water at room temperature. For the young, it will be cool, because their body temperature is 42 C. They take the pigeon in their hands and dip it in the basin, they do not lower the head into the water.
At 20 days the youngsters are already switching to grain mixtures, flapping their wings, wanting to fly, but they should not be allowed to fly. Their plumage is not yet sufficiently formed. At the same time, the female carries out a new clutch. Grown offspring is recommended to translate into a separate enclosure. Otherwise, they may crush the eggs or peck at them.
At the new place they are shown where the feeding trough and the water bowl are. Grain is poured into it and lightly banged on it. Doves run up and fly up to the tank and begin to peck its contents. After feeding, the chicks are brought to the drinking trough, they seek to start drinking. After the first occupation, pigeons have no problems with food and watering. Soon they get used to the owner. Need to withstand the power mode. In this case, the flock will gather near the feeder at a certain time.
If cubs constantly open their mouth, but they are not hungry, it means that they want to drink. This usually happens in hot weather. So that the chicks are not tormented by thirst, they are lost. Water use filtered or boiled. The liquid is injected with a pipette or syringe. When the pigeons turn 20 days old, a drinking bowl is installed in the cage.
In 40-45 days, young animals can be transferred to the aviary to adult birds. They will teach them to fly. After the little pigeons have their plumage changed, they are taken to train, accustomed to flying. In many ways, they repeat the action of the leader.
Dove chicks are very defenseless. They require a lot of attention from their parents. Poultry can help people. He cleans the cage, feeds adult birds, provides water and grain for the young. The owner observes in the dovecote comfortable conditions, temperature and humidity. In critical situations, he takes on the role of parents.
The development of chicks.
Nestlings appear blind, covered with sparse filamentary down. Due to the lack of constant body temperature in the first days of life, they need heating or protection from the scorching rays of the sun.
The nestling hatched first gets feed from the parents after 4-6 hours, the youngest - almost a day later. They grow quite unevenly. Thus, the live weight of sizar chicks from the first day of life to the second increases 8-10 times, and from 11 to 22 days - only 2 times, then it stabilizes or even falls. The decrease in live weight before the chicks fly out of the nest is a device that increases the specific force by the beginning of the flight of the young. At the age of 60-70 days, the chicks reach a mass of adult birds.
Their jaw apparatus grows very fast. For 10-12 days, the length of the beak of a blue-eyed chick reaches the same length as that of adult birds, and the width even exceeds the width of their beak. Finally, the beak is formed by 35-38 days.
Breeding pigeons is significantly different from breeding other types of poultry. This is due, primarily, to their biological characteristics - the structure and functioning of the digestive organs. The esophagus forms a protrusion - goiter. The food is delayed and gradually accumulated in it, then it is moistened and once again softened.
The mucous membrane of the goiter of adult pigeons produces "bird's milk" - mucus, which is displayed outside and is food for the chicks. Parents feed the offspring themselves - from the beak to the beak, which makes breeding pigeons very difficult.
Pigeon goiter milk - a nourishing food substance of yellow-white color, consistency of liquid sour cream. By chemical and physical properties, it is very different from cow's milk. The composition of pigeon milk includes 64-82% water, 9-10% protein, 7-13% fat and fat-like substances and 1.6% mineral substances. Vitamins A, O, E and B are also found in it. It tastes like rancid butter.
The first feeding of the hatched chicks is always produced by the female.
Absolutely helpless and blind chicks inject their beak down the throat of their parents for a portion of goiter milk, which they regurgitate to them, So they feed up to 6-8 days of age. On the 7th-8th day, various seeds and gastroliths already get into the chicks of the chicks, the number of which increases every day, and the goitre milk from the parents soon ceases to be released. From 10-12 days of age, pigeons begin to feed the young with a strongly swollen cereal mixture. From this point on, they feed like adult birds.
Pigeons, compared with brood chicks, are in the nest for a very long time (about a month). Weather conditions affect the number of broods and the success of feeding the chicks, but do not affect the incubation.
At the age of 1-3 days, chicks only give voice during feeding. From the 3rd day, squeaking and sharply shaking their heads, they vigorously reach for their parents' beaks, begging for food. Without parents, after 10-15 minutes they freeze and begin to tremble.
At the age of 4-8 days, they can crawl and, left on the edge of the nest, climb up to their parents themselves. From the age of two, the down begins to be replaced by feathers. From 7-8 days in the afternoon, in warm weather, they can remain alone, they begin to open their eyes. From the 7th day they insistently demand food and strongly squeak. When a danger arises, they conceal themselves, tightly clinging to the bedding of the nest.
From 9-10 days the chicks try to clean the plumage and often, standing up in the nest, make the first flap of their wings. When trying to take them in hand, they rise to their feet and, ruffling the fluff and the hemp contour feathers beginning to unfold, take a threatening pose, snap their beak, make sharp pecks towards the enemy. From day 9, chicks become sighted, may be left without parents, maintain a constant temperature, but usually sit side by side, hugging each other.
At 14–20 days they walk well, often feathering with their beaks, teasing nesting material with them. At the age of 20 days, frightened, may fall out of the nest.
From 21 - 27 days old chicks during the day, in good weather, come out of the nest, constantly keeping together, and sit down for the night in it, closely nestling to each other.
At the age of 30 days the chicks are fully fledged. At 28-34 days, they leave the nest, but keep around the nesting area, asking for food from their parents. At 32-34 days they fly confidently with their parents, visiting the nearest feeding and drinking places.
At 7 weeks, the chicks begin the first molt - the change of chick plumage to a permanent one. In 2-2.5 months, they stop beeping and begin to coo.
The first manifestation of sexual instincts in them is noticeable at 5 months.
At 6–7 months, the first molt ends, and the wax flask is shaped in color and shape. The coarsening of the wax cord and the orbital rings occurs in pigeons by the age of 4 years.
In gray and domestic pigeons, chicks become sexually mature at the end of the first year of life. Domestic pigeons live from 15 to 20 years.
Characteristics of chicks at birth
- Newborns see nothing.
- Nestlings lack hearing.
- Almost do not have fluff on the body.
- Hatch with a large open beak.
- The head of chicks impressive size, because of her, they cannot stand on their paws.
- Loud and shrill scream when they are hungry or they are not comfortable.
- Weigh 10-15 grams.
The first action of the pigeons, after the chick hatched - heating. Shells are removed from the nest immediately after birth. In the male and female, the goiter milk, which they feed offspring, begins to stand out.
It is important to ensure that the chicks are fed. during the first days of their life, otherwise hunger will lead to the death of pigeons. The breeder must ensure that the first portion of the food gets to one chick. in the first three hours of his life.
The second chick gets food 12-16 hours after birth, as the first goiter milk is only enough for one portion. This factor has a negative effect on the second chick, since feeding occurs already at a time critically dangerous for his life. Little blue-fed, fed first, grows stronger and more resilient than others.
Feeding the chicks
Dove almost do not need additional feed until one month of age, in most cases, they are completely dependent on their parents. From 2 weeks it is important to provide them with water so that they do not suffer from thirst. In order to accustom the offspring of pigeons to pecking, in 3-4 weeks they add to the diet some small grain crops. On average, this period is 25 days. At this age, chicks can already be released into the general aviary for short walks and flights.
If the female has ceased to feed the chicks, then from 10 days of age the male can completely cope with this. If the male stopped feeding, the offspring will die of starvation without additional feed.
If there is a need to feed the chicks artificially, then there is a need to precisely regulate their diet, so that it would be complete and provide them with everything necessary.
Diet dove 1 week of life
On the first day you can feed the newborn artificially only after 7-8 hours after hatching. By this time it is important to warm them up to a temperature of 39 degrees. You can feed:
- chicken yolk pounded to cream and heated to a slightly warm state
- special composition, which is designed for chicks of other species of birds, it is stirred to the state of porridge.
The most preferred feed for dove chicks is egg yolk. To feed the chicks, use a syringe. The head is gently picked up and the beak is opened to the newborn, the food is injected in portions of a few drops. The first day the number of drops corresponds to the number of hours lived.
In the following days, the behavior of the chick will serve as a guideline; if it beeps and searches for food with its beak, then the portion is increased by a few drops. A full blueling stops searching for food and does not scream. The first day of the number of feedings, starting at 7 o'clock, can reach 10-15 times, the next days 6-7 times.
The diet of pigeons 2 weeks of life
From the second week of life, yolks begin to add:
- millet, barley, millet, peas and other cereals suitable for pigeons,
- powdered egg shells,
- small amount of red clay.
All grain is crushed to powder and Pour warm boiled water. At the end add honey and shell powder, sometimes on the tip of a teaspoon - clay.
All ingredients are mixed to a state of slurry and give the same through a syringe at the request of the chick, but at least 6 times a day.
Goiter with full feeding will be firm to the touch. At the end of 2 weeks you can add softened in water, but not pounded grain.
Diet 3-4 weeks of life
By the third week, the offspring of pigeons fledgling, becoming more independent, therefore, in addition to the diet:
- chopped vegetables and fruits (except potatoes, tomatoes and exotic fruits),
- white bread - from 22 days,
- a few drops of fish oil 1-2 times a day.
Feed the chicks for a meal can be only one type of vegetables or fruits. Mixing is not recommended.
For 15 days, pigeons are provided with constantly warm and clear water, at first they tilt the beak to the water so that it does not get into their nose.
By the end of the 3rd week chicks feed about 4 times a day. The drinker with water is filled at least twice a day so that the water does not stagnate. For pecking, they put a small plate next to the nest and put some fine grain there. After one month of age, the chicks feed like adult birds.
Basic actions for disinfection
- The drinking bowl and feeding vessel are cleaned twice a day. Water should always be clean. For washing, you can use a soap solution, it is important that the soap is not retarded on the dishes.
- Disinfecting the room once a week. Dove for a time moved to another place, and the litter from the box is removed completely. With soapy water and plenty of water, everything that is possible is washed. Also for this purpose I use solutions of potassium permanganate, caustic soda (1%), bleach (1%), chloramine (1%), paraform (2%), ecocide, virocide, formalin and others. After processing the premises and equipment, you need to additionally rinse all with clean boiled water and ventilate the room. The litter changes to clean.
To prepare a soap solution, it is necessary to dissolve a pound of soap in 10 liters of water. Preparations, sold in finished form, have instructions on which the solution is prepared.
Other animals, birds and even insects should not enter the room where pigeons are kept.
Whatever chicks are accustomed to the person, it is important to communicate with them, take them in your arms inspect regularly. From the moment they begin to see, it is better to go to them in the same type and one-color clothes. So they get used to the appearance and voice of the owner.
The most important stage of domestication - feeding the chicks, in particular with the hands. The main thing is to create an atmosphere of warmth and security for the pigeon. Do not make noise with them and make harsh loud sounds. Caring for a chick necessarily includes a systematic, almost daily inspection for the presence of diseases.
A healthy bird has:
- good development, age-appropriate and tight build,
- even pupils,
- oval entrance to the throat, free breathing,
- clear mucous pinkish color
- uniform plumage,
- healthy appetite, regular eating,
- soft stools, without mucus, not runny.
In the absence of at least one of the signs, you should carefully monitor the condition of the bird, since they are subject to many diseases.
Pigeon chicks diseases
In addition to the disinfection of premises and equipment, the prevention of diseases of chicks are vaccinations, vitamin and mineral supplements. The room should be dry, warm and have airing. But even with all the observed rules, the pigeon can be sick, and many infections for the offspring of pigeons end in death.
Major diseases of pigeons
- Little thing. Infection characterized by green diarrhea, lack of appetite, cramps.
- Smallpox. It affects the mucous membranes, skin and internal organs.
- Ornithosis. It affects the respiratory organs of birds.
- Paratyphoid fever (salmonellosis). Areas of the disease - intestines, nervous system, joints, eyes.
- Trichomoniasis. Inflammatory processes are localized in the digestive system and throat.
- Coccidiosis Only chicks are sick. It is sluggish, it is difficult to identify the first symptoms. The chick is bad to eat and drink, has loose stools with mucus, is apathetic. In later stages, the eyes become turbid and convulsions appear.
- Thrush. Education on the mucous in the form of cottage cheese, diarrhea, lethargy.
- Parasitic diseases.
- Anemia, vitamin deficiency. Associated either with poor nutrition, or with parasites.
All diseases of the chicks are obtained by contact with adults, rodents and other animals, from dirty grains and water.
When the conditions of detention and care, the chicks grow healthy and strong birds.