Kittens are born without teeth. For the first time, you can notice the growth of dairy incisors 14 days after birth. A month later, the kittens begin to appear fangs. Their growth lasts a long time, about 2 months. After canines, premolars grow.
When a kitten turns 3-6 months old, the change of milk teeth to permanent ones begins. Usually, by the age of one, the cat grows up to 30 teeth: the bottom 16 and top 14.
Depending on the age, the cat has various dental problems. Already in one and a half year the appearance of yellow color is observed. In two years the erasure of the middle teeth takes place, the yellowness only intensifies. At the same age can occur tartar.
At three years, the cats have erased the central incisors, which are located below. In five years, canines begin to change. In addition, pets observed plaque on the teeth of a dark yellow shade. Further, the chewing surface is gradually destroyed in animals.
In ten years of life, it can already be noticed that in an adult cat, molars begin to fall out. The older the pet, the less incisors it remains. The last fangs fall out. This happens at about 15 years.
How many teeth a cat will have in the old age depends on how carefully the owner will monitor the hygiene of the oral cavity of his pet. If the person does not care or does it wrong, the cat can earn a lot of problems with the teeth, which will lead to their premature erasing and falling out.
How to care for the oral cavity of the animal?
Although the cats themselves are neat creatures, they take care of their body daily, but they are not able to carry out oral hygiene. In this pet must help the owner. The health of a cat's teeth is completely in the hands of a person, so you need to know how to do it.
It is necessary to brush the teeth at least once a month. To do this, you can buy a regular toothbrush for small children. It is better if it is made of natural bristles. The following products can be used to clean the cat's jaw.:
- Toothpastes that do not need to be washed off. They are hypoallergenic and are sold in all pet stores.
- Regular tooth powder.
- Red wine and soda.
Brushing your teeth must be very careful, performing light movements, so as not to damage the gums mucosa. It is worth noting that cats do not like this procedure. It is best to teach them to clean the jaw since childhood.
The most convenient to use toothpastes that do not require rinsing. They are applied very easily and quickly.. If the owner wants to use tooth powder, then you need to wipe your teeth with a soft wet cloth after cleaning.
When using wine, you need to moisten the cotton wool with a drink, then apply the soda and clean the teeth. After this procedure, any contamination of the teeth in an adult cat will disappear. It can even help get rid of tartar.
If it is not possible to hold the hygiene of the mouth, because the cat is breaking out, then the veterinarians recommend using special food. It is designed specifically for cleaning teeth. It contains components that have coarse fibers. This tool is great to help care for the oral cavity.
How chewing organs grow
In kittens, temporary teeth begin to appear in the second or fourth week of life. Dairy they have only 26 pieces. First, cats have temporary incisors, then fangs. At the age of 5-10 weeks, milk molars erupt. The latest appear premolars.
Permanent chewing organs in these animals begin to appear in 3-5 months. By 7 there is a complete change of dairy constants. Adult cats and cats have only 30 such teeth: 4 main molars and canine teeth, 10 small molars and 12 incisors.
Changing teeth is often accompanied by an unpleasant smell from the kitten's mouth. But he disappears on his own. If by the age of seven months the milk teeth have not changed permanent, then, most likely, not all is well with the animal's body.
The period of change of the chewing organs is always accompanied by a general weakening of the body. Therefore, veterinarians are not advised to vaccinate pets at this time.
About cleaning teeth of cats
Why do pets, like people, need to clean their chewing organs? Because they also form stones. If the pet is fed dry food or solid food, then its teeth self-clean. But when the cat is on natural nutrition, eats minced meat, vegetables, cereal, then a bloom accumulates on the enamel, which eventually hardens and turns into tartar. It gives cats and cats the same problems as people: gums can inflame, caries, a cyst develop. In the worst case, the animal's teeth are loosened, and it loses them. To prevent this from happening, the owners should remember that all the teeth of a cat are 30, periodically look into the mouth, check their number and condition.
Of course, cats do not like to brush their teeth. But this does not need to be done often. Twice a month will be enough to prevent the plaque from turning into tartar. It is recommended to purchase a special toothpaste with fish aroma in the vet pharmacy, and buy a children's toothbrush for the procedure. Cleaning should be done carefully, it is better together with the assistant.
The second way to get rid of the teeth of an animal from plaque - a combination of red wine with soda and use instead of toothpaste. Baking soda (1 tsp) is dissolved in 50 grams of wine. All pet's teeth are rubbed with a solution. Wine vinegar reacts with baking soda and perfectly removes plaque, splits not yet hardened tartar.
If your pet categorically refuses to clean, then you need to buy a special cleaning food. Sometimes a cat, like a dog, is useful to gnaw a bone on which to eat meat.
About dental pathologies in cats
Cats are not less prone to dental disease than humans. Sometimes the chewing organs of them are capable of falling out. The causes of the problem may lie in diseases of the stomach and intestines, infectious diseases, taking antibiotics and hormonal drugs, weakening the body's defenses, metabolic disorders. If the chewing organs fall out, the cat must be taken to a veterinary clinic. It will not be possible to correct the situation without examination and correct treatment.
Yellow teeth - a consequence of a violation of microflora. Creaking organs of chewing can be evidence of infection with worms or periodontal disease. The latter is treated in the clinic, with the use of rehabilitation and anesthesia. Parasites are derived anthelmintic agents. And the cause of the squeak of the teeth can be liver disease. In this case, the cats in the mouth appears unpleasant bitterness, which causes significant discomfort. Sometimes liver disease is also accompanied by vomiting.
To avoid the appearance of dental pathologies in adults, from childhood kittens should be taught to brush their teeth. This is done once a month, but without brushes and pastes. You just need to wipe the animal's teeth with a wet bandage, removing plaque. Having become accustomed to the procedure since childhood, the adult cat will not be afraid of it and during the cleaning process it will behave calmly.
Cat's jaw structure
Cats' jaws are usually well developed and have a peculiarity: the movement of the lower jaw occurs only vertically. The animal catches food as if it cuts it.
Each tooth has enamel, dentin, pulp and root (1-3), as well as its own role. Open the mouth of the cat and see that there are 12 incisors in front to hold the prey in the mouth.
Next are the long canines, firmly seated in the bone: two below, two above. Their function is to grind food, and they also help in hunting and in self-defense.
Premolars and molars are visible behind the fangs, which allow you to chew food and chop bones.
How many teeth does a cat have?
Kittens are born cute toothless. Then, after 4-5 weeks, 26 milk teeth erupt.
Their shift will begin closer to the fourth month. During this period, babies bite and gnaw everything because gums are itching. During the shift, it is important to visit the dentist's veterinarian.
It is not necessary to inoculate or anthelmintic kittens in the period of changing baby teeth to permanent ones, as the body is weakened.
In an adult cat, the formation of permanent teeth is completed before the eighth month and in the year their number is 30 pieces.
In the jaws of a cat you can count 4 canines, 12 incisors, 14 premolars. Six premolars are located below, the rest grow on the upper jaw.
The location and shape of the teeth in cats developed in the process of evolution. Cats remain predators, so their jaw structure is designed for tearing off pieces from prey, and not for simple chewing.
Do cats lose their teeth?
If the owner suddenly noticed that a young cat had a tooth out, then do not worry - changing teeth in cats does not happen in one day, probably the baby simply has a milky tooth replaced by a constant one.
If an adult cat has a tooth, this indicates the presence of problems in the oral cavity associated with diseases. This can be the result of caries, tartar, gingivitis, inflammation of the dental root, periodontitis, and pulpitis. The balance of beneficial and harmful microflora in the pet's mouth may also be disturbed.
The so-called dysbiosis is a common cause of problems with the teeth of the cat. Other causes of loss can be a disease of the stomach, intestines, viral infection, taking antibiotics or hormonal drugs, impaired metabolism, general weakness of the immune system.
Problems associated with the oral cavity are solved by visiting a veterinarian and observing all preventive measures: regular examination and cleaning.
Do cats have milk teeth?
Baby teeth in kittens begin to erupt in 3-4 weeks and milk premolars appear in 6-12 weeks to complete this process. But such a picture in the mouth of fluffy pets will not remain forever.
Not all owners know whether cats have teeth, and when this happens. Like humans, cats also have milk teeth. When a kitten turns 3.5-4 months old, they begin their active change to permanent ones.
Cat's milk teeth differ from constants in appearance: they are sharper, resemble a sharply sharpened dagger. The canines have a curved shape and are thinner near the gum, whereas a permanent canine is straight with noticeable rounding at the end, and the neck does not have a thinning at the gum.
Cat teeth care
Cats also suffer from toothache, like humans, and can also have serious problems in the oral cavity. Microflora in the mouth can be colonized by pathogens that can quickly upset the balance and lead to dental diseases.
To prevent dental problems from adversely affecting the health of four-footed fluffy, a number of preventive measures are needed, which include brushing your teeth and proper nutrition for the animal.
Brushing Teeth in Cats
If necessary brush your cat's teeth? Definitely yes. How to do it right? Simple enough.
So, we understand how to brush the teeth of your beloved cat.
Need to clean and dairy, and permanent. It will be much easier to teach a kitten to such a procedure than an adult masterful purr.
Cleaning is an excellent prevention of problems with the contents of the jaw, and can be carried out in three ways:
Red wine is combined with soda, put on cotton wool and rubbed fangs and molars, and the resulting gruel is spread on all teeth. Wine should be cheap, as it contains vinegar, which will help soda to clear plaque.
You need to buy a paste with the smell of fish and the usual children's toothbrush. Despite the soft nap, cleaning is carried out carefully and delicately, since the gum of the beast is very tender.
If the animal strongly protests, get a cleaning bone.
The cleaning process does not need to be done frequently, it will be enough to carry out such a procedure twice a month. In case of questions about the need to clean the teeth more often, consult with a veterinarian.
Ultrasonic cleaning of cat's teeth
In addition to the manual method, there is a very modern. In many veterinary clinics you can do ultrasound cat teeth cleaning.
The advantages of this method include:
- complete removal of all deposits.
Minus one - the procedure for the cat do only with the use of general anesthesia.
The effect of such cleansing is achieved due to the effect of ultrasound on tartar, which is quickly destroyed and exfoliated.
The cat preserves the color and health of enamel. At the end of the procedure, the teeth are polished and coated with fluorine solution.
The quality of food plays a huge role in the state of the teeth of the animal: soft food contributes to the weakening of the gums and incisors, the appearance of plaque and tartar. Solid food helps enamel cleanse.
Dry food can be a preventive mechanical cleaning of the tooth surface. Food is cracked, saliva forms and washes the teeth. Calcium in the saliva prevents the formation of stone.
The content of sodium polyphosphates in dry feed will also help.
Diseases of the teeth in cats
It is sad, but the seals are also susceptible to dental diseases:
plaque: soft yellowish or grayish accumulation on the tooth surface. He can handle regular cleaning,
tartar: it is already petrified plaque with a mass of harmful bacteria that will manifest itself sooner or later,
caries: in cats, it is somewhat different from human, but also brings problems,
osteomyelitis: the disease can destroy the bones of the jaws and often appears as a complication of caries.
periodontitis: the gum becomes inflamed, sensitivity increases, the tooth staggers and falls,
gingivitis: inflamed gums bleed, swell, painful ulcers are formed, the risk of tooth loss is high.
In addition to the above, cats are prone to stomatitis and creak teeth.
Determine the age of the teeth
Kittens are born toothless. Milk incisors begin to erupt first, this happens at about 2 to 5 weeks of life for babies. At 3 weeks milk fangs are already growing, this process lasts up to 8 weeks. After 2 - 3 weeks after their appearance, dairy premolars begin to erupt. At the age of 3 - 6 months, the kittens change their milk teeth to permanent ones. As a rule, by the age of a young animal, 30 teeth erupt: 16 on the upper jaw and 14 on the lower.
To determine the approximate age of a pet in the teeth is not so difficult and even the owner can:
- If 30 white teeth are found in the mouth without signs of pigmentation and abrasion, then it can be said with confidence that the animal is 1 year old.
- At the age of 1, 5 years, yellowness appears.
- At 2 years the middle incisors of the lower jaw begin to erase, a well-distinguishable yellowness appears. At the same time, formation of tartar may be observed.
- In 3 years, the erosion of the central incisors located on the lower jaw is already noticeable.
- If during the inspection erasure of canines is noticeably pronounced, then such a condition is typical for an animal of 5 years. At this age, a dark yellow bloom on all teeth is clearly visible.
- After 5 years of age, the chewing surface of the incisors is destroyed.
- Abrasion of the upper and lower incisors can be seen in cats aged 7-8 years.
- A 10-year-old animal has a loss of central incisors in the lower jaw. In some pets, incisors on the upper jaw may fall out by this age.
- If no incisor is found in the animal's mouth, then the animal is from 12 to 14 years old.
- After 14 - 15 years fangs fall out. How many teeth a cat will have after 15 years depends largely on the nutrition and proper hygienic care of the animal's mouth.
The older the pet's age, the more pronounced the yellow bloom. The formation of tartar occurs already at the age of one and a half years and largely depends on the type of nutrition and proper dental care. To determine the exact age of incisors and canines is often difficult even a specialist due to the fact that improper care or lack of it leads to premature erasure.
Cleaning and care of teeth
The owner of a furry beauty should pay attention not only to rational nutrition and hygienic procedures, but also to care for the animal's mouth. Healthy teeth contribute to the proper capture and chewing of large pieces of food, ensure normal digestion. The condition is largely dependent on proper and regular cleaning, which prevents the formation of tartar.
Dental calculus is hardened leftover food and salt on enamel. The deposits are localized at the root of the tooth. Bacteria lead to inflammation of the gums, it exfoliates and exposes the neck of the incisor or canine. The infection is accompanied by pain, breath odor. The animal, experiencing discomfort when chewing food, loses appetite, loses weight. The formation of tartar often leads to premature tooth loss.
The main reason for the development of deposits on the gums and teeth is the absence of solid food in the pet's diet, which mechanically promotes cleansing. Regular cleaning also helps prevent development.
To such a procedure as brushing your teeth, a pet should be taught from a young age. You can clean the cat with a finger wrapped in gauze, a children's toothbrush or a special brush attachment for small animals. Предпочтение следует отдать щетке с мягкой или натуральной щетиной.
Для домашних питомцев применяются специальные чистящие пасты, которые можно приобрести в специализированном зоомагазине. Кошачьи зубные пасты безопасны в применении, хорошо очищают зубы, имеют привлекательный для кошки вкус и запах. Such pastes do not need to be washed off with water.
To accustom to the pet procedure should be gradually. At first, you can lay a small amount of paste on your cheek so that the cat gets used to the taste of the cleaning agent. The first manipulations can be short, for a few seconds. When the animal gets used, the duration of the procedure should be reduced to 2 - 3 minutes. To clean the teeth properly, the animal must turn its back. Movement should be clear: back and forth and up and down.
How many teeth in an adult cat will remain in old age depends on the frequency of hygienic cleaning. Daily cleaning of the plaque will allow for a long time to preserve the health of the cat's teeth and prolong the animal's comfortable life.
To learn how to brush your pet’s teeth properly, see this video:
At a young age, the pet loses its teeth due to the physiological change of dairy to indigenous ones. A little kitten in this period has 26 teeth. And only by the year molars will grow up, a complete “combat” kit will appear.
As a rule, the stage of changing milk teeth to permanent ones occurs painlessly for an animal. However, the owner must periodically check the pet's mouth and observe how the process occurs.
In some cases, when examining the kitten's mouth, redness of the gums and bad breath can be observed. Particular attention should be paid to the formation of the correct bite. Often, milk fangs fall out not immediately, disrupting the structure and proper formation of neighbors. In this case, a qualified specialist assistance is required.
During the period of changing teeth, the animal may be depressed and refuse to eat. Often, young kittens are trying to nibble foreign objects. In this case, the baby should purchase special toys at the pet store.
Toys for kittens and cats
Despite the physiological cause of tooth loss in young animals, the pet should be shown to a veterinary specialist. A professional examination of the mouth will prevent the development of an occlusion, if necessary, the doctor will remove the interfering milk premolar.
Often, dental problems such as tartar, oral dysbacteriosis, and caries are the cause of tooth loss for adult animals. The development of pathology lead:
- unhealthy diet
- lack of hygiene procedures
- genetic predisposition.
Often the loss of teeth is due to the lack of vitamins and minerals in an animal. A deficiency of calcium and phosphorus, avitaminosis can lead to the fact that an adult cat becomes toothless. Associated diseases also lead to premature loss: urolithiasis, immunodeficiency states, and liver diseases.
How many teeth a cat has had in adulthood is influenced by the development of more complex pathologies, for example, periodontitis, pulpitis. Owing to these dental diseases, a pet may lose most of its teeth in a short time.
For the prevention of diseases of the oral cavity, which can lead to toothlessness, veterinary experts recommend:
- daily brush your cat's teeth with special pastes,
- regularly give calcium and phosphorus supplements after consultation with the veterinarian;
- with a tendency to dental problems, transfer the pet to specially developed food for cleaning the surface of the teeth from plaque and stone formation,
- periodically inspect the cat's mouth on its own,
- regularly visit a specialized clinic for professional examination.
The loss of the first incisors by a fluffy pet due to the onset of old age occurs, as a rule, after 7–8 years. Some animals begin to lose incisors only in 14 - 15 years. The process is individual and depends on many factors: nutrition, regular hygienic procedures, preventive examinations at the veterinarian, the presence of comorbidities and even lifestyle.
Often, the loss of canines in adult cats does not occur from old age, but during street fights, falls from a height, and injuries.
Is it scary that the cat has no teeth
A feature of the digestive system of domestic cats is that there is no great need for chewing food thoroughly. Fangs and front incisors are necessary for a pet, like a predator, to capture and hold prey, tearing it to pieces, crushing bones. Domestic cats that are fully maintained by their owner almost do not feel tooth loss.
The owner must pay attention to a cat that has lost fangs and incisors, transferring it to food with soft food. To improve digestion, a toothless pet should be given puree food, minced or crushed in a blender. Soft food is the optimal solution for both an adult animal left without teeth for some reason, and an elderly cat who has lost fangs and incisors due to age-related changes.
In addition to routine inspection of the cat's mouth at the veterinary clinic, the cat owner can receive the following dental services:
- ultrasound scaling,
- rehabilitation of the oral cavity with the treatment with special preparations,
- treatment (removal) of pathological processes when changing teeth in young animals,
- removal of patients with nonviable molars,
- treatment of gum pathologies,
- bite correction.
Filling and prosthetic dentistry in cats is considered to be ineffective in veterinary practice and is not widely used in animal dentistry.
You can keep your pet's teeth healthy by conducting regular check-ups and constantly taking care of the hygienic cleanliness of the cat's mouth. Equally important for the preservation of canines and incisors is a balanced diet with the use of vitamin and mineral supplements.
Teeth for a predator like a cat are important if the animal is forced to produce its own food. For pets, whose life does not depend on successful hunting, the loss of fangs and incisors is not so critical.
Dental calculus provokes the development of caries, gingivitis, periodontal disease, pulpitis. . If the cat smells from the mouth rotten, then there is a high probability that the cause is dental problems or diseases of the digestive system.
Cat diabetes was discovered: why it came about, how to treat and feed it ... A cat's uterine prolapse happened: what to do? . You will learn about the definition of age in the teeth, proper oral care for your pet.
Cat diabetes was discovered: why it came about, how to treat and feed it ... A cat's uterine prolapse happened: what to do? . Dental abscess is characterized by purulent inflammation in the pulp of the tooth.