Scottish Fold (Scottish Fold) first appeared on one of the Scottish farms, and William Rosso is considered to be the founder of this breed. On his farm were born kittens with hanging ears from two parents with standard ears. The birth of unusual kittens, as it turned out later, was due to a gene mutation, and the ears of the babies hung due to a defect in the bone and cartilage tissue. This breed was officially recognized only in the USA, and the International European Federation refused to register it. Despite this fact, representatives of this breed of cats are popular with breeders all over the world, not only because of their unique appearance, but also their friendly character.
The Scottish Fold breed description is as follows:
- 1. The body is muscular and strong. Cats are medium in size and in weight can reach up to 10 kg.
- 2. The limbs of the Scots are proportional to the body, paws are thick. It is desirable that there are tufts of wool between the fingers.
- 3. Tail - not long, with a narrow tip. Wool on it is uniform and fluffy.
- 4. The head is round, slightly flat and wide. Mustache pads are clear, giving expressiveness to pets.
- 5. Auricles - small, bent down and forward. The shape of the ears is the main feature and the main point in the Scottish-fold breed characteristic. Auricles fit snugly to the head. In kittens, the distance between the ears is about 5 cm, in adult cats - up to 10 cm. The edge in the ears is welcomed.
- 6. Eyes - large, widely set and expressive. Eye color varies depending on the coat color of the animal.
- 7. The nose is wide and small.
- 8. Wool - short and dense. It should be soft and supple. Cotton wool is considered a marriage of the breed.
Lop-eared Scots kittens are born with straight ears and finally the form is formed only by 4 months of age. In one litter can meet pets with straight and down ears.
Britons are often confused with Scottish cats and in the first months of life kittens of these breeds are really almost impossible to distinguish. But the main difference between these breed cats is exactly the shape of the ears. In British cats, they are the usual form, while in the Scots they are bent downwards.
The color of the Scottish Fold is diverse, and this breed is considered one of the few for which almost all the colors are acceptable. Most often there are individuals with the following monochromatic coat color:
Much less often you can find Scottish Fold cats with stripes. The pattern of such pets may be different, but the most common is marble, brindle, spotted and tabby.
Scottish Folds are docile and friendly. They are balanced, peaceful and quickly mastered in a new environment. It is impossible to call them hyperactive, and therefore you should not be afraid that the pet will climb on the curtains and smash everything around. Cats are friendly to strangers, they quickly become attached to the household and love to communicate.
Lop-eared Scots differ in unusual habits. They can stand on their hind legs in order to see something or beg for a treat from the owner. Another feature is that the Scots have a selective memory, that is, they remember only the information that is useful and interesting to them.
Scottish folds get along well with other pets, except for small rodents and birds. Representatives of this breed are also suitable for children, since the Scots love to play with babies and tolerate any of their pranks. In this case, the owners should take into account the fact that newborn kittens are very afraid of loud noises and therefore it is better not to expose them to stress and to protect them from communicating with children until they reach one month of age.
The negative quality in the behavior of the Fold Scottish cats is to highlight their waywardness and selfishness. The owner will not be able to force a stubborn four-legged pet to do what he needs if the cat is not in the mood.
Lop-eared Scots well give in to training and in a short time are capable to master simple tricks. Scottish folds endure loneliness, love to spend time with the owner, but they are not obtrusive. Unlike other members of the cat family, Scottish Fold cats do not purr, but make a sound similar to a scratch.
Caring for a representative of this breed is to perform the following procedures:
- 1. Trimming claws. If the pet does not have free access to the street and lives in an apartment, then it is advisable to cut the claws at least once a month. It is necessary to carry out the procedure with the help of a kogtereza intended for small animals. A cat living in a country house does not need to be clipped claws, as they are erased from her naturally.
- 2. Bathing. Water treatments are required Fold Scot once a month. It is necessary to bathe the cat with the help of a special shampoo, after placing balls of cotton wool inside the ears to prevent water from entering them.
- 3. Combing wool. It is recommended to perform this procedure using a combing glove or a special brush. The resulting mats should be carefully cut. So that in adulthood combing does not become stressful for a cat, it is advisable to teach her to the procedure from an early age.
- 4. Cleaning the ears, eyes and teeth. The ears of lop-eared cats are contaminated more often than those of straight-eared cats and must be cleaned at least 1 time per month with cotton swabs dipped in soapy water. It is recommended to brush your teeth several times a month with a special toothpaste and brush, and wipe your eyes with a cotton swab dipped in a weak solution of boric acid.
An important point in the care of a Scottish Fold cat is its feeding. A kitten's diet based on natural food should consist of the following products:
- boiled milk,
- chopped meat,
- porridge on milk without butter,
- boiled lean meat,
- boiled egg yolk.
You can not feed the little Scotsman with fish, smoked products, pork, raw eggs, salty and fatty dishes, as well as industrial dry food. Instead of natural food, you can give him special canned food for kittens. The number of meals depends on the age of the baby. So, a two-month kitten needs to be fed at least 4 times a day. As soon as he reaches 4 months of age, the frequency of meals should be reduced to 3 times a day, and after 8 months after birth, the kitten can be fed twice a day.
Adult Scottish Fold cat should be fed the following products:
- raw beef (finely chopped),
- boiled poultry meat (boneless and skinless),
- dairy products (low-fat cottage cheese, sour cream, cheese, natural yogurt),
- oatmeal, rice and semolina,
Industrial dry food should not be below the premium class and it is constantly not recommended to feed them to the pet. It is also impossible to add to the diet of four-legged pet pork, raw poultry meat and fish. An animal, regardless of the method of feeding, should have free access to a bowl of clean drinking water.
Scottish fold cats: from the history of the breed
According to some studies, Scottish Fold appeared in 1796 in China. From where he was transferred to Europe by an English sailor. This version tells about when and how for the first time in Europe there was a cat with lop-eared, but this is not the cat we will talk about today.
If you want to know about where the Scottish Fold cats came from, then we offer you a different version of the origin of the modern “earless” cat. The breed appeared in Scotland. Its founder was William Ross, who in 1961 noticed a cat with an unusual appearance on the market and bought only one kitten from the owner - Suzy the kitty. She became the ancestor of the breed, which in the course of numerous crosses acquired many interesting colors and features.
After some time, this breed in Scotland ceased to be engaged, since numerous mutations were identified. And only in 1978, it took up specialists from the United States.
At a young age, Scottish Fold cats differ from their parents in that it is almost impossible to understand from them how the little one grows up: with erect or hanging ears. This is explained by the fact that there is an obligatory condition for breeding cats of this breed - crossing the fold with the straight (animals with ordinary ears). At birth, all kittens have straight ears. About how the kitten will be in a month, does not even know the breeder. This becomes apparent only after four weeks at a minimum, and sometimes later.
The scottish fold breed has amazing shapes. They seem to be drawn with a compass - a round head, round eyes, round cheeks, a rounded chin. The nose is quite wide. The business card of these animals are ears. Therefore, in the breed standard, special attention is paid to them.
The auricle has one or two folds and must be tightly pressed to the head. It’s as if the ears continue the circumference of the head, without at the same time not disturbing the proportions and impressions of “dollness”. In adult animals, the distance between them is large: between them the palm of a person easily fits. And for kids, the distance between the ears is five to six centimeters.
Cats Scottish fold medium size. Limbs short, with neat round legs. The tail is proportional to the whole body, medium size.
Representatives of this breed may have a coat of medium length or long. In any case, it is dense, has a homogeneous structure. The Scottish Fold cat should have pronounced “pants” and tufts of hair between the fingers.
If the wool has a pronounced "wadded" quality, this is considered a disqualifying factor.
They may be different in the Scottish Fold breed. Color specialists are divided into several groups:
- one-color (white, black and others),
- clarified (blue, mauve, etc.),
Lavender, chocolate, pointovy color and a combination of these colors with white - an unacceptable feature. Monochromatic black scottish fold is quite rare, so its value is quite high.
Scottish Fold has amazing adaptive abilities. New family members, a new place - for lop-eared cats there is no big difference. Most breeders say that Scottish Fold breed animals show striking calm in presentations and exhibitions. The nature of these cats can be called imperturbable.
The Scots do not differ excessive mischief or hyperactivity. This is an extremely intelligent breed. Her representatives will not climb on the eaves, they prefer to stay closer to the warm side of the host. Scottish fold cats are undemanding and unobtrusive. They are obedient, and therefore there is no problem with their content.
With such a pet you do not have to be nervous due to the fact that the cat climbs on the closet or worn throughout the apartment at an incredible speed. They declare their existence only when, in their opinion, the owner forgot to do something important, for example, to feed them.
However, it is impossible to say that cats of the Scottish Fold breed are apathetic and inactive. They love and play, especially at a young age. Kittens will surprise their owners with strange postures that are unique to them. This also applies to adult animals - they are often engaged in "cat yoga." For example, they like to sit, pulling paws forward, or stand in the pose of a chipmunk.
Scottish-fold cat breeds are distinguished by their friendliness. The nature of these animals allows them to quickly get used to other pets and not to conflict with them. Many owners say that even the most ferocious fighting dog next to the Scotsman turns into a tender and playful puppy. In addition, each kitten is distinguished by its individuality; it brings something new to the owner’s life. Some kittens are waiting for increased attention to their own persona, others are completely calm, and still others are very curious, and so on.
The nature of your pet depends largely on how you bring it up, taking into account its inherent characteristics that were laid at the beginning of life.
Attitude to children
These are ideal companions for children's games, however, kittens are afraid of noise and loud sounds, therefore in a family where there are very young children, it is worth taking more adult animals.
It is easy to care for representatives of this breed. As a rule, the requirements for their care are almost the same as the standard ones:
- Nutrition, which should include the necessary vitamins and minerals,
- wool care (washing as it gets dirty, combing),
- eye care, ears, claw clipping.
But there are also peculiarities of care, which are peculiar to this breed.
- When combing out wool, do not use a puhoher, which can damage the chic undercoat.
- The ears of these cats accumulate much more sulfur than ordinary cats, so the ears should be cleaned more often.
- Fold food can be natural products or ready-made balanced feed.
In the first case, the diet of the animal should include:
- lean meat (turkey, beef, chicken,),
- sea fish (for lop-eared cats, river fish is harmful),
- cottage cheese,
- a raw egg,
Ready food is better to choose premium. It is nutritious, it contains the necessary vitamins and trace elements and, as a rule, it does not cause allergies.
Crossing two scottish folds is prohibited in order to avoid bone mutations. Often this ends with the birth of offspring with developmental defects that cannot be used for breeding. Binding between folds and straights is acceptable. A lop cat can be knitted with a cat with standing ears, and a lop-eared cat can only be knitted with a cat with straight ears.
Sometimes Scottish folds are knitted with shorthair British cats, although this happens quite rarely. This breed requires such mating. Scottish Fold as a result acquires a new set of genes. In this case, the breeder conducts several matings between the animal lop-eared, and only after that with the British Shorthair, which looks like a fold.
In females of this breed, estrus begins at seven or eight months, but at this time it is still very early to mate, it is better to wait for the next one. Pregnancy lasts from 58 to 78 days. The cat is born from one to four kittens. Predicting how many of them will be lop-eared is impossible.
Normal deliveries continue throughout the day, but more often they occur faster. If the cat gives birth for the first time, try not to leave her alone. Usually this process occurs without complications, but it is better not to risk the health of the cat and the offspring.
Where to buy a kitten?
Today, many people want to have a pet Scottish fold breed. The nursery of the Scottish breed today can be found in almost every major city in our country. For example, in Moscow the most famous are SuperFold and Rumfold cattery. In St. Petersburg - Snow city, Rion. In Rostov-on-Don - “Elbon Fold”.
Choosing a kitten
All thoroughbred cats are divided into three categories: pet, breed and show class. It is possible to say exactly which class an animal belongs to only when it reaches twelve weeks of age. Experts advise buying a kitten at this age, since it is during this period that you can already get an idea about the exterior of the animal, see possible natural defects.
If you need a pet for the presentation at exhibitions, breeders are advised to buy a cat at the age of one year. If you take a too small kitten, it will not receive the necessary skills from the mother, it will not be sufficiently socialized. When taking from a nursery or from a kitten breeder, do not forget to find out what the baby was fed with in order not to transfer it to a new feed. A sharp transition to a new diet can trigger a stomach upset in a kitten.
A scottish fold kitten for up to four months should be fed four times a day. Then it is transferred to the three-time regimen; from eight months it can be fed twice a day, just like an adult animal.
The gene that is responsible for lop-earedness often causes serious skeletal changes. They can cause diseases such as osteochondrodystrophy. It is most prone to animals with rigid inflexible limbs and a thick and short tail.
This disease can cause very severe pain. Otherwise, the health of these cats is good, life expectancy reaches with good care twenty years. Do not forget to make preventive vaccinations on time, even if you do not let it out.
Today it is a very popular animal - Scottish Fold. The price of a kitten depends on a number of factors. This is the popularity of the nursery in which the animal was born, and the conditions of its maintenance, and belonging to one of the categories of cats (pet, breed or show).
Future owners need to know that a purebred healthy kitten can not be cheap. Самой дешевой является категория пэт. Если вам нужен домашний любимец, и вы не планируете участие в выставках и показах, то такое животное вам подойдет. Но следует знать, что кошки и коты этой категории не допускаются к разведению, поэтому их стерилизуют или кастрируют. Такой котенок стоит от 5 тысяч рублей.
Гораздо дороже обойдется вам котенок шоу-класса породы скоттиш-фолд. The price of such a baby is at least 40 thousand rubles.
Scottish Fold: reviews
Many owners say that in addition to outstanding external data, the folds are smart, they are attached to the members of their new family, they are wonderful to children. The owners are completely unanimous that watching Scottish is a pleasure.
These are great companions who are always close to the owner. When needed, they just sit side by side, if they feel that a person is nervous - they purr and raise their spirits.
Scottish Fold is one of the most beautiful and easy-to-keep cat breeds. Its representatives are characterized by:
- exotic appearance - you can’t look at such a baby without affection,
- Baby face is a baby face expression that persists in adulthood
- interesting behavior - cats love to sit in a special meditative posture of the "Buddha",
- sociability - feel good with children and adults
- quick learner - even amateurs can successfully train,
- a variety of colors - from the noble blue to the variegated tortoise,
- longevity - many live to be 18–20 years old
- cleanliness - they do not carry any impurities on their fur coats, legs or face,
- an unusual voice - it is a bit creaky, different from the usual purr,
- good health - cats rarely get sick unless they have genetic problems.
Of the minuses of the breed can be called greed and immoderation in food. They are ready to eat much more than they need. The remaining shortcomings, as a rule, manifest themselves in the event that the rules of breeding are violated.
It is forbidden to reduce Scottish folds with the same folds, as well as British cats. But unscrupulous breeders are still attacking the same rake that their predecessors have walked. As a result, either non-viable offspring is born, or kittens far from the breed standard.
In general, folds, like streaks, have few flaws. Each kitten has its own character and behavior. Of the unpleasant qualities can only be noted capriciousness, stubbornness and selfishness. But they manifest themselves far from all breeds of cats. Better understanding of these points will help characterize the breed, a description of the nature of its representatives.
Photo of Scottish Fold Cat
The nature and behavior
Even in one litter you will not find two kittens of the same nature. One can behave very impulsively and even aggressively, the other will be gentle and affectionate, the third one - not very curious. However, there are character traits that characterize almost all Scottish Fold cats. The description of the breed confirms that these are temperamental animals, ready to make contact with humans. And that his character will depend on education.
Scottish Fold is different:
- strongly developed sense of independence - even egoists are found among them,
- selective memory - the cat learns only the information that is interesting to her and will bring benefits
- awareness of personal significance and heightened self-esteem - she will not tolerate a bad attitude towards herself, and in case of which she will also revenge the offender by making a pool in her favorite shoes,
- unobtrusive - it is not so breed, which by all means will seek the attention of the owner,
- moderate playfulness - loves outdoor games, especially if their favorite owner participates in them,
- dislike of fights - purring is not the instigator of quarrels and conflicts, he prefers to leave the conflict zone,
- good hunting qualities - moves fast and always takes its prey off guard,
- Patience - ready to wait hours for prey in a secluded place
- great sense of day and night - they prefer to follow a certain regime and do not like to retreat from it,
- a pronounced reflex of domestication - they are attached to the person and place of residence.
Pets do not like change. They quickly get used to a new home. Moving for them is always associated with stress. Well-studied environment helps the cat to navigate in space. Pets can painfully perceive even the rearrangement of furniture, and even more so the redevelopment of a familiar house, which they consider to be their property with their own egoism.
Scottish Fold - exclusively domestic cat. She feels great in an apartment or house. But from time to time it can be taken out for a walk.
Care and maintenance
Some of the cleanest animals are Scottish Fold cats. Caring for them is simple. They independently clean up their wool, quickly get used to the tray and do not scratch the furniture in the presence of a scraper. Hangers quickly learn the rules of behavior in the house. Even in the period of growing up, they will not hang on curtains or run around the shelves of the closet, scattering everything in their path.
They love the company of people, but they are not intrusive. If you leave the Scotsman alone at home for a long time, make sure that the purr does not get bored in your absence. Leave him the toys. For these purposes, suitable balls and toys on a stand with a spring.
There are two variants of wool in the folds: short (Scottish fold) and semi-long (Highland fold). With short-haired pets less. It is enough only from time to time (as a rule, weekly) to comb them using a special mitten or brush with natural bristles. For the Highlands, a metal comb with Teflon-coated teeth is needed.
Domestic cats are washed no more than once a month. Exhibition folds are washed depending on the color. Individuals with a dark color are washed a week before the show, light ones - for 5 days. It is better to take shampoos for this, which are designed for certain colors of coats.
Claws domestic cats need to trim. This procedure is simple and painless for the pet. Seat him on his knees, hold the foot in his hand and press down on the pad. Scottish will release the claws, and they can be trimmed. It is important not to hook the living area of the plate. It is clearly visible in pets, as they have light claws.
Ears and eyes care
The condition of the eyes and ears should be checked regularly. Folds have ears that are usually clean. But if a bloom appears in them, it is removed with a cotton swab. For cleaning, you can use a special lotion. Current eyes are most often in kittens. They are buried with eye drops and monitor the pet's well-being.
What to feed?
The feeding of the folds can be both natural and based on ready-made feeds. Many breeders combine these two types. With ready-made rations less. Enough to use high-quality feed and follow the manufacturer's recommendations. And the pet should always have access to water. If you decide to combine different types of feeding, do not mix ready-made rations with "naturalk" in one bowl. But cereals, meat, vegetables and other products can be mixed together.
Diet of adult cats
If everything is simple with ready-made feeds, then when switching to “naturalka” you need to know that you have to eat Scottish lop-eared cats than to feed your pets. Protein food is required. Lean meat, boneless fish, cottage cheese and fermented milk products are suitable. Growing cats should receive in the necessary volume of fats that are contained in egg yolks, oil. Sources of carbohydrates will be porridge, bread, crackers. Feed the cat 2-3 times a day in small portions.
Do not overfeed the fold. She has a good appetite, but overeating can have a bad effect on purr health. For every kilogram of pet's weight, no more than 30 grams of food is required. The energy value of the daily diet should be 250 kcal for females and 300 kcal for males.
Great attention is paid to feeding babies, as the future health of the cat and its exterior depend on its quality. Up to 3 weeks of age kittens are on breast milk. Then goats are added to the ration or diluted three times and sweetened cow's milk.
At 8 months, they begin to give cottage cheese and porridge mixed with yolk (oatmeal and rice). Gradually meat, low-fat fish and vegetable purees are introduced. At 6 months of age, the baby is transferred to an adult diet, and the amount of milk is reduced to a minimum. Do not forget about vitamin supplements. They are given according to the manufacturer's instructions.
Scottish Fold Education
Acquired habits are very difficult to change. It is better not to allow them to appear. From the very first day of your stay in the house, you need to let the child know what he can do and which pranks are not allowed. During educational classes, you must consider the biorhythm of the animal. It is better not to disturb the cat early in the morning, in the evening and after dinner.
The Scottish must observe a number of rules in their home:
- do not spoil interior items,
- sleep, eat and go to the toilet in the space provided
- Do not touch home plants,
- live peacefully with other animals in the house,
- don't steal food
- keep clean
- Do not behave aggressively in response to affection.
The cat must perform prohibitive commands. This can be achieved using rewards and punishments. But to teach her tricks or not - it's up to the owner. The breed has one feature - its representatives like to stand on their hind legs, and can stay in this position for quite a long time, especially if they are interested in something at the top. Often it is used in the training of cats.
Health, propensity to diseases
Inheritance can be transmitted such diseases as:
- osteochondrodysplasia (signs: lameness, hardening of the tail),
- osteoarthritis (stiffness of joints),
- hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (heart pathology),
- polycystic kidney disease.
Every year you need to vaccinate animals from the most dangerous diseases. The first is done at the age of 2-3 months. If the term is missed, the animal is vaccinated after changing teeth. After the first vaccination, they do it again. This usually happens after 2 weeks.
10 days before the vaccination, the kids get rid of worms. After vaccination, a 10-day quarantine is observed. Modern anthelmintic drugs are easy to use. They are often produced in the form of pleasant-tasting syrups.
Animals vaccinated against such dangerous diseases:
Rabies vaccination is a must. And if the cat walks on the street, it must also be protected from fleas and ticks. To do this, there are special sprays, drops, as well as collars from parasites.
Choosing and caring for a kitten
Before you bring a small purr into the house, you need to make sure that the living conditions are suitable for him. Cats do not need large areas, but in a cramped apartment they may be uncomfortable. It is also important to find out whether all family members are ready for such replenishment, and what are their expectations from the new resident. If pets understand the seriousness of the issue and are ready to participate in the care of the baby, you can begin to choose a nursery.
When to buy a kitten?
Buying a kitten is not worth before 3 months of age. By this time, the rock-forming signs will be visible, and it is much easier to care for the grown-up baby. When choosing, pay attention to the baby’s gait and tail mobility. The kitten should not stumble and limp. And on the tail is not allowed thickening and crease. The loss of flexibility of the vertebrae of the tail is the first bell of the negative impact of the Fd gene, which is responsible not only for the addition of the ear. It also causes disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
Care for a kitten
The kitten adapts more quickly to the new environment if you take a handful of filler from the breeder from the breeder. The purr will feel more confident if familiar smells surround it. Feed the baby to the same food, which he gave the breeder. On the new diet it is transferred gradually. Sharp transition to unfamiliar food can cause problems with the digestive tract.
Scots - a breed heterozygous for rock-forming trait. In the breeding of animals such a phenomenon is rare. This means that in the offspring of a cat, a splitting of signs will occur: both kittens and rectangular kittens will be born. Therefore, the breed includes two variants - with and without mutant trait.
These animals are no different except the shape of the ears: the folds are folds, the straights are square. Otherwise, they are identical and can participate in exhibitions and championships. However, the American systems (CFA and TICA) do not recognize them, because they believe that they are not sufficiently distinctive features.
Anyway, the obligatory condition for breeding the breed is the folding of the fold with the straight (straight). This helps to avoid skeletal deformities. The fact is that the reason for the lop-earedness is a genetic defect in cartilage. It is so weak that it does not allow the ears to stand straight. That is why it is important that only one cat in the parent pair be lop-eared. The second should be with straight ears.
There are three degrees of foldability:
Triple is preferred. These kittens are the stars of various exhibitions. However, there is another difficulty - the ears of the folds can “stand up” over time. Therefore, felinologists may resort to inbreeding. They do this because it is fraught with the risk of manifestation of hereditary diseases.
Before we talk about the Scottish Fold, it is worth saying about where they came from. From the title is obvious: from Scotland. In fact, the breed appeared completely by accident: from a mixture of a British cat with a purebred.
The ears are bent due to a gene mutation, which, by the way, occurs when mating with the usual rectangular. If you knit two Scots, then the kitten may have serious problems with the ears.
Cat breed Scottish Fold stands out among others, of course, thanks to the unusual shape of the ears - small, tending forward and down, rounded at the tips. By the way they drop down at the kitten of a month at 3-4, and those whose ears remain straight, are called Scottishstrait. But this is not their only distinguishing feature.
In addition, these animals have a round muzzle and clearly pronounced whisker pads (this feature, by the way, is transmitted from the British). A rather rounded not only the head, but in principle the whole body, which gives it a not angular, but smoother shape. In addition, the body and paws are muscular. The eyes are pronounced, as if two saucers, are large and widely set, usually yellow, green.
By the way, white cats often have heterochromia - their eyes are of different colors. Short but wide enough nose.
Dense short hair is the standard of the Scottish Fold, but in the offspring a long-haired kitten can come across. The colors of the Scottish Fold are very diverse: from single-colored to spotted, brindle and even Siamese. It is interesting to see a gray lop-eared cat, whose eyes are copper, orange or green.
Lop-eared Scots cats are incredibly gentle and kind. This is the option when a nice appearance and soft character are organically combined. Representatives of the breed can easily adapt to a new unfamiliar environment (thanks to this, they can often be seen at various exhibitions, because the Scotsman is not a shy cat). By the way, this same trait of character contributes to the fact that representatives of the Scottish breed can be taken with you on a journey, as they are easy to transport. Agility, calm and attentiveness contribute to the hunting skills of the cat.
In addition, they quickly find common ground with other animals and new people. Absolutely easy to get along with children and willing to endure some pranks (although the child is still worth explaining and telling how to behave with cats: do not pull the tail and, especially, do not pull the unusual and interesting ears).
Although the Scotsman is somewhat lazy and a sluggard, he becomes attached to his master, will be faithful and loving. Therefore, do not be surprised if your pet will go after you with a "tail" around the house - this is how it shows its love, although it is never imposed, but rather behaves like a friend.
Their voice is quiet. Both the kitten and the adult feed him extremely rarely - usually if he asks for food or needs help. The Scotsman will not draw the attention of the owner with shouts and meows, he will not crush the house and create chaos around himself.
The Scottish Fold cat breed is fairly easy to learn, because it is clean on its own - it will not do dirty tricks and walk past the tray.
On the nature of the Scottish Fold cat, you can talk for a long time, but to understand it, just watch the video on the Internet.
Representatives of the Scottish breed love to sleep in an unusual pose for other cats - on the back. And also you can often see a fluffy standing on its hind legs and attentively examining something. This causes affection not only in children, but also in an adult.
There are very few minuses in the behavior of the Scot:
- sometimes, because of some selfishness and laziness, it is difficult to teach a cat to something new, but it is quite possible to fight it,
- extremely rare but It happens that the Scot does not get along with the dog. But in the event of a conflict, the cat will simply go to another place,
- gluttony - minus the breed, but do not feed them - follow the recommendations regarding feeding, about which a little later.
Acquisition of a purebred animal
Чтобы быть уверенным в происхождении своего любимца, стоит покупать его у проверенного заводчика или в питомнике. Если вы хотите быть уверенным в породистости своего пушистика, стоит уделить покупке особое внимание.
Как и всякое породистое животное, шотландец должен обладать специальными документами:
- generic metric (this is something like a birth certificate in humans),
- pedigree with a serial number and seals, which shows the ancestors on both sides in three generations, taking into account the nicknames, color, and so on,
- veterinary passport,
- contract of sale.
The most important thing here is the first document: in the metric indicate all the important data, on the basis of which all the other documents can be independently made.
All these papers are needed so that your pet could take part in exhibitions, as well as get involved with other cats. Besides, thanks to a good pedigree, the owner can also earn. A passport is required in order to be able to travel (for traveling abroad, respectively, you need an international passport).
The cost of the caudate with the pedigree and other documents is certainly higher. In addition, long-haired - cheaper.
It is worth noting that it is better not to think about how, in order to save money, to buy cheaper and make the documents yourself - this can cost a lot of time and effort, besides, the baby may not be the mating that the seller said. If you want to buy an exhibition pet suitable for mating, do not save.
As mentioned above, Scottish Folds love to eat, but this does not mean that they need to feed three portions of food. It is better to feed the pet in smaller portions, but more often.
A kitten at the age of 1 month may already begin to eat grinded chicken or beef, as well as dairy products. The further - the more you can add variety to the diet: cereal, milk, meat, and so on. It is important not to feed the baby with the same food, but alternate.
From 4 months of age, the kitten can try to introduce food - first wet, and then dry. But do not forget that dry food is not too useful for the body, so always try to please your pet and other food.
A little kitten needs to be fed more often (but not more!) Than an adult cat.
Scottish cat care
Any animal requires supervision and attention. Care for the Scottish Fold is not difficult: the short-haired need to comb out once a week, long-haired - two or three. By the way, this is probably the only representative of the cat family, who loves to comb against the fur - please pet.
It is not necessary to bathe them often. But the notorious ears require attention and special care. It is necessary to inspect them regularly and clean the sulfur that accumulates there, then your cat will not only be pleased, but also healthy.
Like any animal, fluffies love fresh air, so walks will never be superfluous. From an early age you can even teach your pet to the collar and even the leash.
Although we talked about the fact that the Scotsman does not spoil the furniture, it is still worth buying a special scraper, because otherwise damaged property cannot be avoided.
In principle, these are long-living animals, because their lifespan is up to 15 years. And even an adult individual will be the same affectionate, sweet and with a naive look. In order for a pet to live with you as long as possible, it is worth taking care of its health.
Above in the description of the Scottish Fold cat it has already been said that this breed appeared as a result of a gene mutation of the Briton with a mongrel cat.
It is worth paying attention to this, because a gene mutation can sometimes play a cruel joke on the health of a representative of the Scottish breed. It is important to know that mating with representatives of your breed is prohibited - this can lead to serious problems with the ears of the offspring.
In addition, the same gene is responsible for anomalies in the work of the musculoskeletal system of the Scots. Too fat tail and short paws can tell about health problems. Of course, such fluffies look even more cute, but can tolerate serious diseases of the musculoskeletal system in adulthood. Because of this, it can be difficult and painful for an animal to move.
Of course, like other animals, the Scottish Fold cat is not immune from lichens, worms, ticks, eye diseases and other things. However, in order to avoid all this, you need to take basic care to the Scot:
- comb and inspect the wool,
- keep an eye on the chair
- you can give vitamins
- brush your ears.
We hope such a detailed description of the Scots breed will not leave you any more questions. Fuzzy will be another full member of the family, will easily find a common language with all the household, including children, and will always be happy to his master or mistress, even after a hard day's work.
Respond to your pet reciprocate on his warmth and affection, and he will become a real outlet, even during the storms of life and adversity.
The origin of the breed
Loose earedness is not typical for a feline tribe. If dogs have a similar ear shape - not uncommon, then for a cat, a similar appearance is associated exclusively with a gene mutation. Nevertheless, oddities have always attracted the attention of man, and animals that have a non-standard appearance were doomed to popularity.
Mentions of cats with such original appearance appeared in the Middle Ages - they were seen in China, Korea, Charles Darwin wrote about them. At the end of the XIX century, one such cat was even taken out by Chinese sailors to Europe. But then his trace was lost. Seriously breeding lop-eared cats as a new breed began in the second half of the twentieth century.
It all started with the fact that in 1961 the Scottish farmer William Rossi saw a unique kitten from his neighbors: his ears did not stick up, like all representatives of the feline tribe, and were bent down like a Labrador's ears. William and his wife Mary, who was fond of breeding cats, were completely fascinated by the baby named Suzy, and two years later they bought a kitten from this cat from their neighbors: the same fold as his mother and also white.
The amazing appearance of the animal was associated with a gene mutation. Mary Rossi was not a professional breeder, but in the very first years she was expecting a dizzying success: very soon a stocky white kitten was born, inheriting an unusual appearance and aptly named “Snowball”.
The first representatives of the new breed did not look too presentable, but after the breeder had guessed to cross her pets with a British smooth-haired cat, the situation changed dramatically. In 1966, the Scottish Fold, or Scottish Fold, was officially registered as a separate breed.
The path to recognition was not easy for Scottish Folds. In 1971, it turned out that the gene responsible for the shape of the ears possesses dangerous properties: poor kittens were often born deaf, others almost could not move due to the fact that their vertebrae fused together. Prohibitions of geneticists for breeding followed. Fortunately for cat lovers, it was too late. Photos of handsome men with ears pressed to their heads spread around the world, their popularity was growing rapidly, and in many countries their own studies of these genetic abnormalities were conducted.
It took several years before scientists found a way to fix this problem. The solution was in the features of heredity. In Scottish Fold, there are two varieties:
- Scottish folds, with classic ears pressed to the head.
- Scottish Straights, differing from their relatives in a more familiar, "standing" form of the ears.
In one litter there can be babies of both types, and it is not possible to determine in advance what the adult animal will look like. All kittens from Scottish Fold cats are born with straight ears, and only by 2 - 3 months of life a sign begins to manifest itself in some people, which gave the name to the breed.
In order to avoid genetic diseases, it was enough to never interbreed two “fold” animals.
Now the cat breed Scottish Fold is recognized by most felinological organizations. And its popularity among the owners of the caudal purrs continues unabated to this day.
Peculiarities of the breed and appearance
The modern Scottish Fold cat is a bit like a British shorthair, which sometimes causes confusion. The British are, indeed, fairly close relatives of the Scottish Folds. It was this breed that gave the "Scots" their important traits: massive bones, rounded shapes and the phlegmatic character of the English lords. However, in no case can one unite them: too many differences.
The description of the Scottish Fold cat was first compiled in the 60s of the twentieth century, and the standards formulated then over the past decades have not changed significantly. The exceptions are only some minor nuances of appearance, such as the shape of the tail and the length of the coat.
- Scottish Fold refers to the breeds of medium size. Their average weight ranges from 4 to 7 kg.
- These animals have a squat, stocky body, with dense bones and a voluminous chest.
- Their figure is famous for its smooth, rounded forms: wide back, massive hips, short, but very powerful neck. Short legs look particularly impressive due to its thickness and developed muscles.
- The flexible tail narrows towards the end and can be of any length, both medium and almost equal to the body. The main requirement for him is flexibility, because this breed has serious problems with the musculoskeletal system.
- The head of Scottish Fold is shaped like a ball.
- On a round muzzle with prominently protruding cheeks, almost round, widely spaced eyes stand out: because of them the cat takes on a slightly surprised look.
- A short but not flat nose smoothly passes into a powerful chin.
- As a rule, Scottish Fold cats have a short, but dense and very soft, resembling plush, wool. However, occasionally there are animals in a special category: highland folds and, consequently, the highland straights. The wool of these beauties is long and fluffy, their ears are practically invisible, which is why these rare beauties look like a solid fur ball.
- The ears of Scottish Fold cats attract the special attention of felinologists. In a Scottish Fold cat, they are very small in size and “broken in half», almost completely covering the auricle. Located far on the sides of the head, they are turned forward and, according to the breed standard, should be located inside the head circumference. Too big, not enough folded or incorrectly deployed ears are considered a defect.
- A unique feature of this breed is that its representatives can meet all existing colors, including point and monochromatic.
The most popular is the Scottish Fold black cat. There is a belief that such an animal protects the family from unhappiness, and such a lady looks absolutely amazing.
People who have not heard of Scottish Fold before are often surprised when they first meet. The cat seems like a serious phlegmatic owl, and brightly glowing eyes only add to this impression of weight.
Scottish Fold is one of the most peaceful and balanced breeds in the world.. It will never occur to such cats to clamber the curtains or “hunt” the owner passing around the room. They have absolutely no aggression, despite the fact that you can’t call these animals cowardly. Rather, they prefer not to engage in conflicts. This feature allows them to easily get along in a new family, painlessly getting used to both children and other pets.
Restrained nature manifests itself in relation to the owners. Excessive tenderness of these cats are not needed. They do not like to sit on their hands too much and do not approve of undue attention to themselves. At the same time, they will be happy to sit next to a person if he learns to respect their personal space with respect.
Despite outward indifference, Scottish Fold is an incredibly loyal animal. He simply does not know how to extend his affection to all the surrounding two-legs. From the whole family, he will choose one person who will be the center of the world for him. Next to him, he will lie down, escort him around the apartment, meet on his return from work. The rest, alas, should not count more than on the indulgent benevolence.
A curious feature of the behavior of such a cat is related to the structure of their vestibular apparatus: they do not tolerate height and do not jump too well. So the habitat of your pet will be exclusively the lower part of the room: you can not worry about bookshelves and wall closets with such a pet. But they easily and without prodding become on their hind legs, if they want to see something at the top, and can stand in such a position for quite a long time.
This breed is considered one of the most intelligent. If desired, it can be taught many tricks. Unfortunately, many owners, the intelligence and inquisitiveness of such cats is balanced by their laziness and the presence of their own eyes. Scottish Fold will do only what is interesting to her.
Scottish folds are not subject to stress. Annoying guests, a trip in the transport or a visit to the vet - all these tests are Scottish fold with dignity, without showing excessive excitement. This is very convenient for those who are planning to take out their pet to the exhibition: in a large gathering of people and animals, the phlegmatic child of Scotland does not panic and feels quite confident.
It is believed that the Scottish Fold cat breed has good health. This is true, with some reservations. These animals rarely get sick, are resistant to most diseases. At the same time, many of them suffer from hereditary disorders: they are generated by the gene responsible for the fractured form of the ears.
The most common misfortune is osteochondrodystrophy - a congenital anomaly of bone development. It causes fusion of the vertebrae, due to which cats lose mobility, experience severe pain, and in the most severe cases, they are completely paralyzed. This disease manifests itself since childhood, so when choosing a kitten you need to be especially careful. Watch the baby walk, follow the movements of its paws and tail. Stiffness can be a manifestation of the fact that the skeleton of this kitten is damaged.
Such a violation is most often affected by animals whose external parameters deviate from accepted norms. So, it is the representatives of the breed with a very long or, conversely, short tail are often affected by osteochondrodystrophy.
Scottish Fold Care
Scottish Fold cats do not require excessive care owners. This is an unpretentious animal in everyday life, and with personal hygiene, as a rule, it does an excellent job by itself.
- It is enough to brush them once a few weeks to remove loose villi. Regardless of how to care for a Scottish Fold cat, they always look very elegant. The only exceptions are Highland folds: their long hair needs constant care, and they look much more attractive when regularly combed out.
- The only part of the body that requires constant attention is the ears. Because of the particular shape, sulfur accumulates in them more actively than in other breeds of cats, and these deposits should be cleaned regularly. From time to time it is worthwhile to show the pet to the veterinarian, as a prevention of ear mite formation. It is extremely difficult to treat this disease in a cat with a “folded” ear.
Buying a kitten
At the end of the 20th century, those who wished to buy a Scottish fold cat literally lined up, and even today the popularity of the breed is clearly in no hurry to fall. These charming animals are very loved among residents of many countries - both Russia and abroad. At the same time, their value can not be called transcendental. The average price for such a kitten ranges from 5 to 25 thousand rubles..
Depending on how much a Scottish Fold cat costs, not only its compliance with the accepted standard, but also health may differ. Therefore, the kitten offered by the breeder for an abnormally low price needs to look more closely: perhaps a four-legged baby has not too obvious defects in appearance or suffers from disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
Scottish Fold is one of the ten most popular cat breeds. An exclusive appearance, and most importantly - a friendly, incredibly balanced character make these phlegmatic lords an ideal pet for almost any family. For someone such a cat will be treated with the usual sympathy, someone to give all his loyalty. But anyone who meets him simply cannot remain indifferent to this “serious little owl.”